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EAST BARNET. 



BY 



FREDERICK CHARLES CASS, M.A. 



OF BALLIOL COLLKGK, OXFORD. 



RECTOR OF MONKEN II A I) L E Y, MIDULESE X. 



; ' Years upon years, as a course of clouds that thicken 
Thronging the ways of the wind that shifts and veers, 
Pass, and the flames of remembered fires requicken 

Years upon years." — Algernon C. Swinburne, 

" Recollections," from .4 Century of Roundels. 




WESTMINSTER : 

Printed for the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, 



NICHOLS AND SONS, 25, PARLIAMENT STREET. 

1885—1892. 



WESTMINSTER : 

PRINTED BY NICHOLS AND SONS, 

25, PARLIAMENT STREET. 



CONTENTS 



PART I. 



The Manor 

Church Hill House and Trevor Park 
The Manor House 
Owsage, Ussage, or Osidge 
Monken Frith, now Oak Hill . 
Little Grove 



PAGE 

19 
44 
69 
73 
83 



PART II. 








The House near Bourn Gate, now Bohun Lodge . ..... 125 


Belmont, formerly Mount Pleasant ..... 






136 


Buckskin Hall ........ 






150 


West Farm, now Norryshury 








153 


Belle Vue, now Willenhall House 








156 


Lyonsdown .... 








158 


Everley Lodge .... 








162 


The Clock House, formerly Dudmans 








163 


The Parish Church of St. Mary the Virgin 








164 


The Churchyard 








195 


The Rectors .... 








205 


The Rectory ..... 








243 


The Registers ..... 








245 



if* 



i- 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



West prospect of New Place 

Pedigree of Butler 

Pedigree of Weld 

Pedigree of Conyers and Berkeley- 
Pedigree of Morley and Trevor 

Pedigree of Ashhurst . 

Pedigree of Hadley 

Pedigree of Alston 

Pedigree of Woodroffe 

Pedigree of Bourchier 

Pedigree of Casse 

Pedigree of Meggs 

Pedigree of Greene 

Pedigree of Meyer, Gildart, and Reid 

Interior view of the North wall of East Barnet Church 

The North wall of East Barnet Church, as seen from the lich-gate path 



PAGE. 

1 
26 
32 

58 

64 

68 

74 

84 

92 

96 

120 

130 

140 

160 

180 

196 



THE PARISH OF EAST BARNET. 



By the Rev. FREDERICK CHARLES CASS, M.A. 



It has been written that " English history is made up of the history of 
individuals, and of the attachment of the followers who have gathered around 
them." a The remark points to a very direct and appreciable influence exercised 
over the country at large by the smaller communities into which men are drawn 
together. Village life and its vicissitudes are accordingly forces often impossible 
to estimate, and there is no parish in the land, however remote and outwardly 
insignificant, which may not have contributed to that course of events which we 
recognize as the history of the nation. It is believed that the account now to be 
presented will form no exception to this statement, and that the inhabitants of 
East Barnet, at periods now comparatively remote from us, passed their lives in 
a near contact with persons who, wittingly or unwittingly, were shaping the 
destinies of their country. Notably, during the first half of the seventeenth 
century, whilst Sir Robert Berkeley, the ship-money judge, who married the 
daughter of Mr. Thomas Conyers, was occupying the mansion on the brow of the 
church hill and interesting himself deeply in all parochial questions, John Pym, 
the patriot, a connection of the same Thomas Conyers, was bringing the weight 
of strong opinions to bear upon the nation generally, in the House of Commons, 
and preparing men's minds for the great struggle which has filled so large a space 
in our annals. In many places, as conspicuously in the case of the two closely- 
connected parishes, with which the following pages have more or less to deal, the 
hand of improvement or, if this be misliked, the hand of progress, has been so 
busy of late years that, if there be delay in fixing features now rapidly dis- 

Quarterly Review, vol. 153, p. 530, April, 1882. 

a2 



4 The Parish of East Barnet. 

appearing, they will before long be lost to sight and knowledge for ever. As 
with ourselves, so with our surroundings, 

Singula de nobis anni prsedantur euntes. a 

Transition is visible upon the face of everything in the metropolis and its 
vicinity, especially where railways have facilitated communication, and enabled 
professional men and men of business to reach their offices from a distance, by the 
aid of suburban lines, with almost greater ease and expedition than were formerly 
needed for a passage from one extremity of London to the other. Nearly a 
century has passed since Cowper asked the question, 

" Where has commerce such a mart, 
So rich, so throng'd, so drain'd, and so supplied, 
As London — opulent, enlarg'd and still 
Increasing London ? " b 

and now, in the penultimate decade of the nineteenth century, the increase 
continues to advance with a momentum, to which that of the poet's age was as 
nothing. A recent French historian c has devoted an eloquent passage to shewing 
how the geographical outline of the country, added to advantages of water 
communication, has lent itself to the selection of Paris for the capital of a 
powerful nation, and the like may perhaps be affirmed of our own great city. 
The sharp rise from the river's bank presented a site easy to fortify, whilst the 
broad tidal stream facilitated intercourse with the sea, on the one hand, and 
formed what may be termed an arterial channel for the commerce of the interior, 
on the other. 

East Barnet, with which the writer of these pages has been familiar almost 
from his infancy, has not escaped the general movement, and is already very 
dissimilar from the little country village of half a century ago. If, however, 
much has been added, something has disappeared and, before alteration and 
building have swept away any further traces of the past, it may be well to 
preserve a recollection of what has been. 

Eheu fugaces .... 
Labuntur anni. d 

Certain sights and sounds of our childhood become in a manner stereotyped upon 
the memory, and survive in spite of every change wrought by the ruthless hand 

a Hor. 2. Ep. ii. 55. b The Task, i. 719. 

e H. Martin, Histoire de France, vol. i. avant-propos. 
d Hor. Carm. ii. 14. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 5 

of the improver. The mist-veil threading the valley along the line of the 
Pymmes brook, when the higher ground on either side rose clear and unobscured, 
and the solitary light at evening, visible upon the northern slope of the Muswell 
Hill rise, before the rural view in that direction was intercepted by the Colney 
Hatch Asylum and the obtrusive lines of the Alexandra Palace, are, so to speak, 
embalmed among 

" those first affections, 
Those shadowy recollections." 

The manor house, erroneously so styled, a with its iron gates, where the roads 
unite at what may well have been in olden time the village green, — the trim 
little cottage farm-house, with the roses clustering over its porch, at the bend 
where the modern road, following the line of an ancient track that ran through 
the Lyonsdown estate, strikes off from Long Street b to the main line station, — 
the "House that held the parish poor," of the days that went before the Union, 
with the admonitory exhortation from the Book of Proverbs c over the entrance, 
" In all labour there is profit : but the talk of the lips tendeth only to penury," 
that attracted me as it met the eye every Sunday on our way to church, — all these, 
with many more, have vanished and, since the Great Northern Railway was 
opened for traffic in August 1850, the change has become progressively more 
decided. In those times, with the exception of the stage coaches on the high 
road, there was but one public conveyance directly available from East Barnet to 
London. There will soon be very few to remember Scarborough's Hatfield 
coach, d which passed the end of the lane near Bohun Lodge every morning at 
9.30 and, traversing Southgate, the Green Lanes, and Newington Green, after a 
circuitous route by the Peacock at Islington, Smithfield, and Holborn, deposited 
its freight at the Boar and Castle, Oxford Street, about 11.30, to commence the 
return journey thence at 3.30 in the afternoon. 

a Included within the precincts of the property now called The Grange, occupied in 1885 by Capt. 
John G. Malcolmson, V.C. 

b Leading to Pricklers Hill. 

c Proverbs xiv. 23. Brook Cottage, nearly opposite the Rectory, formed a part of the old Poor 
House. -^ 

d It started from Hatfield every morning at 8, and changed horses twice ; first at Potters Bar, and 
again at the moated manor house of Ducketts, in the Green Lanes, on the London side of Wood Green. 
Lysons iii. 50. 529. Robinson's Hist, of Tottenham, 62. 



8 The Parish of East Barnet. 

and Caysford. Whilst the property of the abbey, both parishes consisted mainly of 
woodland and wild ground and, it is said, were collectively known by the name of 
Suthaw, to distinguish them from the wood of Northaw. a East Barnet, situated at 
the distance of a mile east of the great north road and ten miles from London, is 
bounded on the north by Monken Hadley, on the east by Enfield, on the south- 
east by Edmonton, and on the west by Eriern Barnet and Chipping Barnet, all, 
the last excepted, lying in the adjoining county. Its ancient boundaries, where 
it came in contact with the royal chace of Enfield, are set forth in the two 
surveys of the chace made by authority in the years 1636 and 1686. b In the 
former year we find : — " From thence (Southgate) by the Ring ditch to Bourne- 
gate and from thence taking in a Rood of the Close by the Chace hedge (which 
said Close was formerly the Right Hon. the Lord William Howard's and now 
William Green's Esq.) and from thence along by the Hedge of Sumsgrove to 
the house d of Mr. Hewitt and from thence to the house e of the Heirs of Robert 
Norrice and fetching in the said house and orchard leaving out the house f late 
Thomas Kimpton's deceased and from thence by the hedge of East Barnet to a 
cottage late Sir Roger Wilbraham's parcel of Ludgraves in Hadley parish." The 
Commissioners on this occasion found that " the Eence in and about Lord's 
Grove adjoining to the said Chace is much in decay and that William Howard 
and Cyprian Burrell of Edmonton the tenants thereof ought to repair the same. 
Also the fence of Sums Grove adjoining also to the said Chace is in decay and 
that Mrs. Peacock of Einchley or her Tenants ought to repair the same." The 
boundaries along the same line are thus stated at the later Survey : " Erom 
thence (Southgate) taking in the cottage in the occupation of John Petts to the 
ash tree where the three Parishes meet at the Lane's end and so alone? the Rins 1 
Ditch to the Lane leading to East Barnet where a Gate formerly stood leading 
into the Chace taking in the Bush fair s houses in the occupation of John 

ft Salmon, Hist, of Hertfordshire, p. 55. 

b MS. volume preserved in Hadley parish chest. See Hist, of Monken Hadley, p. 18. 

c Sunninges grave. See infra, p. 13 note b . 

d Probably Buckskin Hall. 

e Probably West Farm. Manor of Barnet, Index to Court Rolls, No. 77, f. 540. 

f Probably a house on the site, of the present White Lodge. 

s From a remote period a fair, called Bush Fair, (feria sive nundin' coiter vocat. Bushe faier) had 
been held on land within the border of Hertfordshire, but contiguous to Enfield Chace, belonging to 
Sir Thomas Dacre6, knt. at the time of James the First's accession. For the enlargement of his park 
at Theobalds, this piece of land, together with the fair, was bought up by the King, who, by letters 



The Parish of East Barnet. 9 

Perkins and four more Tenements of the said John Perkins and from thence to 
the Ring ditch to Bourne Gate and from thence taking in a Rood of the Close 
by the Chace Hedge which said close was formerly Lord William Howard's and 
now William Peck's esq. and from thence along the Hedge of Summ Grove to 
the House of the said William Peck esq. formerly the house of William Hewitt 
and from thence to the House of Robert Norris and fetching in the House and 
Orchard and leaving out the House now Daniell Nicholls formerly of Thomas 
Kempton in right of Elizabeth his wife and from thence by the Hedge of East 
Barnet to a Cottage formerly Sir Roger Wilbraham's parcel of Lurl groves in 
Hadley Parish now John Walton's." The area of the parish, according to the 
latest Ordnance Survey is 1698.588 acres, of which scarcely any is arable,* the 
greater part being composed of the parklike pastures attached to the mansions 
of the resident gentry. The soil is described by Lysons as " cold and spongy, 
being a mixture of clay and gravel." A village population which, so recently 
as 1841, only numbered 598" souls, has now swollen to 3972, c with every 
prospect of an annual increase. It is within the Poor Law Union of Barnet. 

patent under the Great Seal, dated 23 July in the 11th year of his reign (1613), at the petition of 
Oliver Kedermister gent. Keeper of the South Bailey in Enfield Chace, granted a licence to Robert 
Kedermister to hold a fair, v> - ith court of pie powder, in lieu of the abolished Bush Fair, on a piece of 
waste near Cathole Gate (Cattle Gate) on the festival of St. Giles, 1 Sep. in every year. The same 
grant further conceded six acres of land, upon which two houses should be built for the accommodation 
of persons attending the fair. Certain of the inhabitants and commoners, however, having petitioned 
against the design on the score of its being hurtful and inconvenient, the grantee surrendered the licence 
to be cancelled, and instructions wore issued, 23 March, 11 James, by writ of privy seal to Sir Thomas 
Parry, Chancellor of the Duchy, to prepare a patent under the seal of the Duchy of Lancaster and of the 
County Palatine of Lancaster, conferring a new grant on the said Robert Kedermister, (which received 
the royal signature, 18 May, 1G14) by virtue of which there should be held yearly on another piece of 
waste land, near South gate in the South Bailey in the Chace of Enfield, two fairs, with court of pie 
powder, on the feast of the Ascension and on the feast of St. Giles respectively, and on the day following 
each of these festivals, as fully and after the same form as Lenton fair in Nottinghamshire, and Sturbridge 
fair in Cambridgeshire, provided they entail no injury upon any one dwelling near. Two statute acres of 
adjacent land were likewise given whereupon to erect three convenient honses for the convenience of the 
King's lieges coming to the fair. Duchy of Lancaster Records, Division xii. 27th bundle. 

a Lysons gives 150 acres of arable land, and estimates the entire acreage of the parish at about 900, 
shewing how very elementary were the calculations of that period. 

b At the census of 1831 the population of East Barnet was 547. See the annual Clergy Lists. 

c Census of 1881. The males were 1820, the females 2152. It was returned at the same time that 
there were 685 houses occupied, 27 unoccupied, and 37 in course of building, making a total of 749. 

B 



10 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Differences of opinion have prevailed concerning the etymology of Barnet. 
The name was long supposed to be derived from Berg, the Saxon for '*'a hill,"* 
but the present Bos worth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Cambridge " suggests a 
far more probable origin, and refers it without hesitation to a burning, such as 
might arise from some accidental conflagration producing an open space or 
clearing in the primeval forest. This would undoubtedly accord better with the 
features of the respective localities. Though the town of Chipping Barnet 
stands on elevated ground, the village of East Barnet is in a valley, and the 
church of Eriern Barnet in Middlesex occupies no eminence, whether there may 
or may not, in the olden time, have been a village in its immediate vicinity. 

It may be assumed that, previous to the Dissolution, East Barnet, as apart 
from Chipping Barnet, has no history. The ancient church was perhaps a chapel 
provided by the monastery of St. Albans for any spiritual necessities that might 
arise in the heart of its wild outlying possession. The name of Monks' Erith 
alone seems to bring us on the traces of any human occupation. Here and there, 
notwithstanding, would have doubtless sprung up in the wilderness the hut that 
sheltered hind or woodman, serfs of the abbey, and these, with their families, 
would not have been destitute of the ministrations of religion. Rising ground on 
every side surrounds the depression filled by the houses of the village, from which 
the church, which stands apart to the south, is approached by a short, though 
sharp, ascent. Three roads strike off from the centre of the hamlet ; westwards 
to Chipping Barnet, southwards towards the parish church and, eastwards in 
the direction of the extensive hunting-ground known as the Royal Cbace of 
Enfield. Upon the higher level on this side, but within the limits of the chace, 
ran the track, scarcely perhaps worthy of the name of road, which connected 
South Street, now Southgate, with Northaw Common, and thence with Hertford. 
Along this ridge, overlooking the valley and the brook wandering through its 
midst, the gentry from time to time erected or enlarged their residences, among 
the earliest sites so occupied being conjecturally those of Monken Erith, of Little 
Grove, and of Mount Pleasant, now Belmont. At what date a bridge was first 
thrown across the stream at the foot of Doggett's Hill, generally known as Cat 

a Salmon, ut supra, p. 55, Monticulus. Norden writes, " Bernet, or Bergnet, monticulus, called high 
Bernet of the scituation on a hill, and chipping Bernet of the market famous for cattle, there bought and 
sold every munday." 

b The Rev. W. W. Skeat, M.A. 

c From the Saxon Baernet, a fire, a great burning. See Hist, of Monken Haclley, p. 40. 



The Parish of East Barnet. H 

Hill, from the little hostelry so styled, I have not been able to learn. In the 
lane beyond, between the modern fences of Belmont and Bohun Lodge, stood 
Bolmn or Bourne Gate, one of the entrances to the chace, marking the boundary 
of the counties. 

Once and again, as it were athwart the gnarled trunks of oak and beech 
and elm, 

" Whore, the long drooping boughs between, 
Shadows dark and sunlight sheen 
Alternate come and go," a 

or amid tangled coppices and sequestered dells, affording shelter to the various 
beasts of chace, we have glimpses of the intervention of the monastic rule in 
that wild and little frequented region, but we have them only at rare intervals 
and called for by exceptional circumstances. They give us indeed a passing 
notion of an unrecorded time, even if they supply no materials out of which to 
construct, or even surmise, a history. We see the sunlight glinting down 
through the dense foliage of the forest in summer, or the leaves lying deep upon 
the soil in the chill late autumn, or the hoar frost dripping from the stripped 
boughs during the short winter day, but it is a mere picture conjured up by the 
imagination, not instinct with the daily needs and necessities of man, his labours 
and his interests. The sandalled priest, with staff in hand and wallet by his 
side, who made his way on foot from St. Albans through the woodland to perform 
his function at the little chapel of East Barnet, would have had more to fear from 
savage animals, roaming at large, than from the greed and malevolence of his 
kind, if we except the chance arrow of some outlaw intent upon his game, 
unconscious of and little suspecting a human presence. It was hardly probable, 
at the early date that we have in mind, with the first Plantagenets upon the 
throne, that, like Chaucer's monk of the Canterbury Tales, 

" Ful many a deinte hors had he in stable : 
And when he rode, men might his bridel here 
Gingeling in a whistling wind as clere, 
And eke as loude, as doth the chapell belle." 

Through London Colney and South Mimms, as far as Chipping Barnet, there 
may have been a companion by his side, bent on a like mission to the little 
market town, equally dependent upon the monastery, but, on the resumption 
of his journey alone, there could only have been — 

a Longfellow. 
B 2 



12 The Parish of East Bar net. 

" Such sounds as make deep silence in the heart, 
For Thought to do her part," a 

as he gazed upwards into the blue sky above, or was awed at the stillness that 
prevailed around. There were few ideas astir to occupy the mind and enliven 
the way in that unlettered age; — no literature;— the scanty news from without 
a merest rumour that might never afterwards be either confirmed or dissipated. 
The narrow gossip within his convent walls was as the air he breathed and, when 
beyond its reach for a season, life must have had few interests attaching to it. 
But if that age gave birth to few ideas, it was at least free from many wants, 
and its claims were unimportant or only arose at intervals. The bell that 
summoned to prayer or tolled at the consignment of earth to earth was, however, 
a voice that reminded him of a mission in this world and that eternity lay beyond. 
And there, in the midst of this region, stood the little church or chapel. Even 
at this day, with the works of man gradually closing in around it on every side, 
it still continues almost isolated in its quiet churchyard, with yew trees that were 
not of yesterday's planting bordering the path that leads from the gate. 

A very early allusion to the claims of the monastery in this quarter is met 
with under the rule of Frederic, 13th abbot, (A.D. 1064-1077) when William the 
Conqueror is stated to have grossly infringed upon its rights. "Et hac occasione 
dicitur abstulisse de Domo Sancti Albani totum pene dominium quod habuit 
a Barneto usque Londonias, ad locum vocatum vulgariter Londoneston." b 
Omitting such references as exclusively concern the town of Chipping Barnet, 
we will confine ourselves to those in which East Barnet is more especially in 
question, merely observing that in all the earlier documents the designation of 
Barnet is either La Barnet or Le Barnete. 

Among the possessions acquired by Roger de Norton, 24th abbot, (A.D. 1260- 
1290) we find : c 

" Item, quietam-clamationem Gilberti de Sokham de communia in Barnetwode, (the word 
no doubt used in the largest sense) videlicet, in parte quae vocatur ' Frithwode,' et in 
parte quae vocatur ' Communeswode.' 

Item, perquisivit de Humfrido Boun, Comite Herefordiae et Estsexia?, quoddam fossatum 

a Keble, Christian Year. 

6 Gesta Abbatum Monasterii Sancti Albani a Thoma Walsingham, regnante Ricardo secundo. 
ejusdem ecaesiaa praecentore compilata. H. T. Riley, i. 50. 
c lb. i. 474, 475. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 13 

(foss or trench) apud Barnet; qua dc causa, Abbas claudere faciet inter parcum ejusdem 

Comitis, et boscum qui vocatur ' Monkfrith.' a 
Item, adquisivit do Ysabella, relicta Henrici de Frowik, quamdam gravam (grove) in Est 

Barnet, quae vocatur ' Sunninges grave.' " b 
In a list of the property mortgaged by Hugh de Eversden, 27th abbot, (A.D, 
1308-1326) we have : c 

" Item, dimisit ad firmam manerium de Barnet, cum redditu assisae de Est Barnet, ct 

molendinum de Agate,' 1 ad terminum decern annorum ; et recepit prae manibus quater- 

viginti marcas." 

In A.D. 1347, c Sir Roger de Leukenor, knt. lord of the manor of South 
Mimms, released his claim of view of frankpledge from the tenants and 
inhabitants in East and Chipping Barnet. The abbot and convent claimed on 
the other hand that, a tempore cujus non existit memoria, such tenants and 
inhabitants had been accustomed to come to their frankpledge, held at their 
manor of East Barnet, once every year, when summoned, as dependent on their 
manor of East Barnet.' 

Once again, as the years rolled on, the agreement K in regard to Monkfrith 
comes to the front, in the course of a contention between the abbot of St. 
Alban's and the authorities of Enfield, during the abbacy of Thomas cle la Mare, 
30th abbot," (A.D. 1349-1396). At this time John Wrothc, warden of Enfield, 
claimed that the abbot should make an inclosure between the park of Enfield 
and the wood of Berevenne (Barvin). Upon which John de Whitewelle, Seneschal 
of St. Alban's, produced a Release by Humphrey de Bohun, a former earl of 
Hereford and Essex, and owner of the park of Enfield, to the abbot and convent 
of St. Alban's, of all claims of service against them, save only their prayers. 

a From this it appears that Monkfrith or Monken Frith was on the border of the abbatial estate 
and immediately contiguous to the park or chace of Enfield. In return for his acquisition the abbot 
binds himself to establish a demarcation between the two domains. The word " frith " means a hedge, 
or coppice. li Out of forest and frithes and all faire wodes," Will, and the Werwolf, p. 80. Many woods 
in Kent are still called friths. Halliwelfs Diet. 

b This grove lay between Belmont and Cockfosters, on the line of the parish boundary. The 
name was preserved until the 17th cent. Vide supra pp. 8, 9. Cf. Hist, of South Mimms, p. 71. 

c Gesta Abbatum, ii. 180. d See infra p. 24, Aggatts. Will of Sir Valentine Browne. 

e Gesta Abbatum, iii. 99. 

f Dated at St. Alban's die Mercurii in Festo Sancti Stephani, anno regni Regis Edwardi, Tertii a 
ConqUcTstu, vicesimo primo. 

s See ante, p. 10 h Gesta Abbatum, iii. 216-218. 



14 The Parish of East Bar net. 

• "Pateat universis per prsesentes, quod cum nos, Humfridus de Boun, Comes 
Herefordiae et Essexise, ac Constabularius Anglise, quemdani annuum redditum 
imius denarii petivissemus de Abbate et Conventu de Sancto Albano, et iidem 
Abbas et Conventus dictum redditum et omne aliud &ervitium dedicebant, 
prceter orationes quas ipse Abbas et Conventus suus nobis debent pro possessioni- 
bus quas de nobis tenent, consideratis factis antecessorum nostrorum, et jure 
ipsius monasterii, dictum redditum pro nobis et haeredibus nostris, prsefatis 
Abbati et Conventui, et eorum successoribus, remittimus et quietem clamamus 
per praBsentes ; et volentes, et per prsesentes expresse concedentes, quod nee nos, 
nee haeredes nostri, dictum redditum, vel aliud quodcunque servitium, prseter 
orationes quas nobis debent, sicut prsedicitur, de praedictis Abbate et Conventu, 
et eorum successoribus, aliquo modo de caetero exigere poterimus, vel vendicare. 
Ita tamen, quod dicti Abbas et Conventus, et successores sui fossatum a inter 
parcum nostrum de Enefelde et boscum suum de Barnet, qui vocatur 'Monke- 
frith,' facient et sustinebunt ad defensionem dicti parci nostri, sicut cbarta bonae 
memorise Humfridi quondam Comitis Herefordise et Essexia3, rationabiliter 
testatur. In cujus rei testimonium, sigillum nostrum praesentibus est appensum. 
Datum Londoniis, in festo Annunciationis Dominicae, anno regni regis Edwardi 
frlii Begis Henrici tricesimo tertio (A.D. 1305.)" 

There is another entry b relating to East Barnet in the history of the same 
abbot. c ''Idem Abbas, pulsatus querelis Sub-ccllerariorum suorum, qui quere- 
bantur officium suum non posse sufficere ad cotidianas expensas qua? fiebant, et 
Bursarium in reparatione domorum et molendinorum sui officii nimis fuisse 
remissum, redditum de Parksoken et Est Barnet in augmentum illius officii 
statuit pro venire anno regni Begis Edwardi, Tertii a Conquaestu, vicesimo 
nono ; et deportavit ilium ad reparationcm domorum et molendinorum Sub- 
cellerarii, per officium Bursarii solitam exhiberi." 

The Subsidy Lists 11 furnish an invaluable guide to the inhabitants of any 
given locality in ancient times. Those which deal with the assessment of Hert- 
fordshire go back to a remote date and are for the most part very copious and in 
excellent preservation. Erom the middle of Edward the Eirst's reign onwards 
we are enabled, by their aid, to trace the changes of population with a con- 

a This must have been identical with the ring-ditch mentioned above, p. 8, in the Surveys of 
Knfield Chace. 

b Gesta Abbatum, iii. 410. p Thomas de la Mare. 

d At the Record Office. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



15 



siderable approach to exactitude. Beginning with the nineteenth year of the 
Great Plantagenet, we have not only the names given, but the amount at which 
each individual was assessed. No distinction appears to have been made at that 
time between the two parishes. The names are arranged either under the head 
of Barnet generally or under that of the Manor of East Barnet. At this early 
period the sums levied upon the parishes, or district, amounted to : 

11 19 Edw. I. Sm a do Est Barnet .... cxvij 8 x' 1 



22 Edw. I. Sm !l 

24 Edw. I. Sm a 

10 Edw. II. Sm a 

16 Edw. II. Sm a 

1 Rio. II. Sin 11 

Two early lists are here transcribed in full. 

Man] de Estbarnet. 19 Edw. I. 

D. Robo Molend 

D. Rico :itc den b 
D. Robo Rolf 
D. Pho Molend 
D. Rado Sprot 
D. Joh at hal 
D. Joh Dntel 
D. Rico Nicole 
D. Pho seling' 
D. Rado Brake 
D. Simoe branneh 
D. Rico Vinet' 
D. Reginaldo horn 
D. Sel' martin 
D. Joh Rolf 
D. Joh Doo-et 



a Lay Subsidies 19 Edw. I. J H ; 22 Edw. I. J 



»# ; 1 Rich. II. *&' 



h Dene. A valley or dell. Halliwell. Ske 



vj u xv s vij' 1 q a 

lxv s viij d oh. 

iij 1 ' xj' 1 oh. q a 

lxxiij s vj d oh. q a 

. cxix s vj' 1 



. iij s ij d 6 
iij s ij' 1 6 

• iij s vij' 1 q a 

• i'.i s j d o 
iiij s v d q a 

ij s ix (1 o q a 

. xvj' 1 6 q a 



Xlllj' 1 

xx j a 6 

iiij« 

xxiij' 1 

xx ij" 

xvij d q a 

vvll ^ 



; 24 Edw. I. ^ ; 10 Edw. II. iff ; 1C Edw. II. 



at. In the St. Alban's wills referring: to East Barnet 



there is mention of dune hryge and dane lane. Will of John Rolfe, prov. 17 March, 1514, Book Walingford 
159 ; Will of Robert Roulf of Estbarnett, prov. 30 June, 1533, Book Walingford 223 ; Wdl of William 
Rowfe of East Barnet, prov. 29 Oct. 1558, Book Frankilcaster 148. This valley-bridge may have been 
a predecessor of that which now crosses the stream in the village. Two fields, belonging to Little Grove, 
on the slope traversed by the church path bear at this day the designations of Dean Meadow and Long 
Dean Meadow. 



le 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



D. Nicho Wilmot .... 


ij s q> 


D. Ad Albern .... 


ij s ix d 


D. Ead terr' .... 


if xj d 


D. Joh t'ri .... 


ij s vj d 5 q a 


D. Petro Ategate .... 


• y s j d oq a 


D. Petro Wodeward 


xvj" 


D. Thorn le Waren 


iiij s xj d 6 q a 


D. liobo purkesel 


• ij s vij d 6 


D. Rico de Enefeud* 


xix d q a 


D. Rob. fab' .... 


xvij d 6 


D. Stepho bray .... 


. ij*iij d q a 


D. Rico Springold 


xij d 


D. Johanne Saly 


iij s 6 q a 


D. Johanne fabro 


xiiij d 


D. Robo martin 


i"j s j d 


D. Walto betelman 


v s v d 6 


D. Martino de la bernet . 


iij s v d 


D. Johanne suter 


xvj' 1 


D. Rico Coftelin 


• xix d 6 q a 


D. Matild agat .... 


. iij s v d o q" 


D. Rado cum barba . 


xiij d 6 q a 


D. Simoe de Grantellesgatc 


. xj s x d o q a 


D, Willo godefrey . 


ij s vij d 6 


D. Walto toly . 


xviij" 


D. Walto godewin . 


. ij s x (1 o q n 


Sm a de Estbarnet cxvij s x' 1 ]>'' 




Barnett. 10 Edw. II. 1 ' 




D. Alexo de Greudlesgate 


yij s ix d q a 


D. Rico Crouch . . . . 


. ij s iiij d ob 


D. Galf. Springold . . . . 


• ij s 


D. Henr. Nichole . . . . 


xiij' 1 ob 


D. Johe howe . . . . . 


iiij s j d 


D. Willo Botilar . 


. ij s iiij d ob 


D. Agn Peckefithele . 


. iiij s iij d ob 


D. Thorn. Pistor' 


iiij s iiij d 


iJ. Agn Springold . . . . 


yiij d ob 


L> Johe Randolph . 


v s v d ob 


L). Margar'a Grendlegate 


iij s j d ob 


a Enfield. b L ay Subsidies 


, 10 Edw. II. >A°. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



17 



D. Gilbto Pritel . 






. iij s ix d ob 


D. Johc cle Dene 






. iij s viij d q a 


D. Jolie Wrench 






ij s \f 


D. Willo Canch 






xv d 


D. Rico Gladwyne 






xv <l ob 


D. Jolie de la Penne 






iij s ix d 


D. Johc Xichole 






iij s ix d ob 


D. Johe cle Enefeld 






ijs viij' 1 


D. Walto Leverisch 






xix d 


D. Johe de Stevenach 






xix d ob 


D. Petro Martin 






XV' 1 (f 


D. llobto Saly . 






ij a j d ob 


D. Johe Pistore 






ij s vj d 


D. Christiana Tailler 






xxj" 


D. Robto Barth' 






xxj d 


D. Thorn. Barth' 






xj d ob 


D. Johe May . 






ij s iiij' 1 ob 


D. Willo Rolf . 






XV' 1 


D. Johe Saward 






xiiij' 1 ob 


D. Gilbto Rolf 






xiiij' 1 ob 


Sm a iiij H xj d ob 


q a - 







It is noticeable that the surnames of Rolfe and Nichole, met with from the 
commencement, have survived in the neighbourhood. The former is scarcely 
ever absent from the East Barnet lists during the sixteenth century and at the 
beginning of the following, and in the 13th year of Elizabeth'' is borne by no 
fewer than seven out of ten contributories. The Rolfes, scattered throughout the 
conterminous parishes of Einchley, Totteridge, East and Chipping Barnet, must 
indeed, as the registers testify, have attained to the proportions of a clan. 
Numerous wills of those, who resided in the two parishes, are contained in the 
old St. Alban's books, c and throw considerable light upon the ownership of land. 
The earliest in date' 1 preserved is that of "William Bollfe sen 1 ' de Estbarnet infra 
iurisdiccoem Abbis sci Albani copos mentis licet aliq u lit' agg r uatus in corpe, who 
desires to be buried in the churchyard of S l Mary of Estbarnet. To William his 
son he devises unu mesuagiu cu una pua g r ua &c. cu uno crofto adiac, post decessu 

a The origin probably of the local name of Prittles or Prickles and Pricklers Hill. Cur. Rot. Maner. 
10 Apr. 1654. " Lay Subsides 13 Eliz. ^. 

c Preserved in the Probate Registry at Somerset House. 

d Dated 12 June, and proved 22 June, 1470. Book Stoneham 126 b . Conf. Harl. MS. 411. f. 2. 
Cole's Escheats. Rolfe, or Rolpli, from Ralph (Radulphus). English Surnames, p. 36, by C. W. Bardsley. 

C 



18 The Parish of East Bar net. 

Isabelle uxTs mee. John, his youngest son, is to have ffulkotsfeld after the death 
of his mother, and among the witnesses is Nicholas the parish priest. 

In 1526 we have the will a of Eichard Rowlfe of the same place, here 
transcribed on account of the lands referred to by name. 

In the name of God Amen. The yere of o r lord god mdxxvj the ij de clay of July I Eichard 
Rowlfe of Estb'nett of good mynde and hole memory make my testament and last will in fo r me 
and man! folowing ffirst I bequethe my soule to almyghty god and to o r blessed lady saint Mary and 
to all the copany of hevyn, my body to be buryed in the churchyard of Estbarnett. Also I yeve 
to the high aw? of Estbarnett xij d and to the shryne of saint Alban iiij d . Also I bequethe to 
Jone my wyff my house and lande w*in Estbarnett paryssh for time of her lyff if she be nott 
maryed and after her decesse I wyll that henry my son have the hole rent of the said house and 
land for the space of ij hole yeres die rents of lord and Kyng discharged, then immediatly 
folowing I wyll that Robert my son have my house and land to hym and his heyres of his body 
lawfully begotten payng to Richard his broder at his entryng of the said house and land vj H xiij" 
iiij ° of good lawfull money in man' folowyng euy yere xxxiij s iiij d tyll the tyme the foresaid som 
of vj u xiij* iiij d be payde. Also I bequethe to Rycharde my son all the Colewod 1 ' and tawlewod'' 
growyng and standyng in and uppon the groue by my howse for the space of xij yeres and to 
have fre cariage and recariage of all the said woods and colys d by the weys then accustomyd and 
usyd for f?me of the said yeres. Also I will that Joone my wyff have hagdell w l all the pfytts 
both of wode and herbage for the space of vij yeres the said Joone paying to Agnes my dought 1 
xl s and at the ende of the said t 9 me of vij yeres I will that "Wiftm my son have the said hagdell 
w* all the pfytts to hym and his heyres. And if the said "Wiftm departe to god w'out issue then 
I will that henry my son have the said hagdell to hym and his heyres. Also I will that Thomas 
my son have lyttyl mede paying therefor to Agnes my dought r xx s at his entryng. Also I yeve 
to John my son the pyghtell liyng by Dane brydge paying therefor at his entryng to Agnes my 
dought 1 ' xx s . The residue of my goods not bequest I bequethe to Joone my wyff whom I make 
my sole executrice to dispose them for the helth of my soule. "Wytnessys hereof S r Rob 1 
Robynson my curate, & Richard Smyth w* other. Proved viij die Julij 1526. 

Erom the comparatively few names entered under East Barnet, when the two 
parishes began to be reckoned separately, it may be conceived that that parish 
was but sparsely inhabited up to the time of the Reformation and, it may be, 
chiefly, if not exclusively, by the tenants of the Abbey. It is noteworthy that, 
among the names met with in the 15 and 1G e of Henry the Eighth, occurs that 

a Book Walingford, 197. Conf. Harl. MS. 411. f. 9. 

b A tract called Coles Wood formed part of the Monken Frith estate. 

c Tall-wood. " Tall woode, pacte wodde to make byllettes of, taille'e." Halliwell. 

d Fire-wood. Col, in Anglo-Saxon, means charcoal. Halliwell. 

c Lay Subsidies 15 Hen. VIII. ifo . 1G Hen# y IIL |2o_ 



The Parish of East Bamet. 19 

of Robert Ramryge, assessed at 60 shillings upon lands held by the year. He 
may have been a kinsman of Thomas Ramryge,' 1 37th abbot of St. Albans, whose 
beautiful chantry, on the north side of the choir, constitutes one of the ornaments 
of the Abbey. In the same lists appear the names of John Colman and Thomas 
Hardwyk, patronymics not yet extinct in the ranks of the labouring class of the 
village. The will of Thomas Hardwyke, b of East Bamet, was proved at St. 
Albans 15 April, 1589, and that of William, his son, at the same place, 
2 May, 1607. 



THE MANOR. 



The Manor, embracing both parishes, belonged from a remote epoch to the 
great abbey of St. Alban's. " In the time of the Saxons," says Clutterbuck,' 1 
quoting from Dugdale a charter of King John, "this manor was woodland, and 
was confirmed to the Monastery of St. Alban by the name of Barnette, with the 
woods of Suthaweborham. and Huzeseg." (Barnette cum boscis Suthaweborham 
et Huzeheg.) At the dissolution it was valued at £48. 3s. Q\d. per ann. 

The dissolution of the monasteries had had for its necessary sequel a recon- 
struction of the bases of English society. An age of greedy speculation succeeded 
the revolution which laid bare to the world the internal economy of the 
religious houses and dispersed their possessions to the four winds. Tudor policy, 
following hard upon the desolating Wars of the Roses, had restrained the influence 
of the ancient nobility and curtailed its independence, whilst new men were 
coming rapidly to the front, in part owing to these combined causes and in part 
to that upgrowth of changed ideas, which was blossoming under the name of the 
Renaissance. An impoverished exchequer stimulated the movement and succes- 

a Thomas Ramryge derived his name from Ramrugge, or Ramridge, near Kimpton in Hertfordshire. 
History is silent as to the date of his death, but his successor was Cardinal Wolsey, who was invested 
with the temporalities, 7 Dec. 1521. Weever, p. 557 ; Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 35, 36 ; Handbooks to the 
Cathedrals of England, St. Alban's, p. 45 ; The Abbey of St. Alban, by the late Rev. H. J. B. Nicholson, 
D.D. rector of St. Alban's, p. 37, a very useful pamphlet. 

b Book Clapton, 132. Thomas Hardwyk, probably his father, and Henry Forster, were under 
collectors for East Barnet in the reign of Henry VIII. Lay Subsidies, \~\ ; no year recorded. 

c Book Clapton, 242. d Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 145; Newcome's Hist, of St. Albans. 

e Mon. Angl. i. 178, ed. of 1682. Carta Johannis regis de libertatibus sancti Albani et cellarum. 
And he gives his authority ; — Ex registro de Binham penes Thomam Widdrington equit. aurat. an. 1652. 

c2 



20 The Parish of East Barnet. 

sive sovereigns vied with one another in making the largest possible profit oat of 
confiscation. Not even had the religious reaction of Mary's reign power to stem the 
current and force it back into its former channel. Courtiers, adventurers of all 
sorts, merchants, tradesmen, successful yeomen thought only how they might 
profit by the opportunity to enrich themselves, to step into the places of the old 
aristocracy, and to become landed proprietors in their turn. 

In the case before us, the Manor, in the first instance, fell into the hands of 
the Crown, and the earlier transactions in connection with it are involved in some 
uncertainty. The Patent Eolls of the 7th year of Edward the Sixth's reign 
supply the evidences of its having been granted, on the 23rd March preceding the 
King's death, to John Goodwyn senior, of Debden in Essex, esq. and John 
Maynarcl a of the town of St. Alban's, esq., who, it is probable, had become 
partners in extensive purchases of monastic property. 

In consideration 1 ' of 1696/. lis. 9d. paid by John Goodwyn and John 
Maynard, gentlemen, King Edward the Sixth granted to the said Goodwyn and 
Maynard, inter alia, "All that our Manor and Manors of Barnett and Estbarnett 
in our county of Hertford, with all their rights &c. to the late Monastery of Saint 
Alban in our said county, now dissolved, lately belonging, And also all those our 
Woods and Groves &c. called or known by the names of Hartleys, Tylers Land, 
and Sonnings Grove, situate in Barnett and Estbarnett, now or late in the tenure 
of Thomas Hennyng, Joan his wife, and Henry Bellamy, and to the said Monastery 
lately belonging, And also all those our Woods and Lands in Estbarnett called 
Owsage Wood and Monkefrythe, now or late in the tenure of Thomas Savage 
and to the said Monastery lately belonging, And also all Messuages &c. to the 
said Manor and Manors in any manner belonging &c. Except nevertheless to us 
our heirs and successors wholly reserved three hundred and eighty oaks growing 
in the woods aforesaid called Owsage Wood and Monkes Erythe, and being of 
the age of forty and sixty years, and reserved upon a demise made thereof to the 
aforesaid Thomas Savage, and also the liberty of cutting down and carrying away 
the said Oaks at our will and pleasure, And also except and in the like manner 
reserved the Advowson of the Church of Barnett and Estbarnett, which said 

a Appointed, in 1553, first steward of St. Alban's, an office created by Charter of Edward the Sixth, 
and M.P. for that borough in the first year of Queen Mary. He was a staunch Protestant, who absented 
himself from Parliament sooner than recognize the Pope's authority, and died 20 Oct. 1556. Clutter- 
buck, i. 40. 50, 103; Cole Esc. ii. 119. His will, dated 18 Oct. 3 and 4 Ph. and M. was pr. P.C.C. 30 
Jan. 1556-7. Book Wrastley, 3. 

b Patent Rolls, 7 Edw. VI. part 7, membr. 31. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 21 

Manors &c. are now extended at the clear yearly value of 67 £. 7s. 4<\d. To have 
hold and enjoy the aforesaid Manors &c. to the proper use of the said John 
Goodwyn and John Maynard and the heirs and assigns of the said John Maynard 
for ever of us our heirs and successors in chief by Knight's service, that is to 
say, by the service of the twentieth part of one Knight's fee, And also we do will 
that the said &c. shall have hold enjoy and use within the aforesaid Manors &c. 
the same such and similar Courts Leet, Views of Frankpledge, Pines, Issues, 
Amerciaments, Assize and Assay of Bread Wine and Ale, and the Punishments 
Corrections and Amendments of the same, Free Warren, Goods and Chattels 
waived, Goods and Chattels of Pelons and Pugitives, Pelons of themselves and 
of others, Persons Outlawed and put in Exigent or otherwise howsoever con- 
demned or convicted, Deodands, Estrays, Rights, Profits, Commodities, Liberties, 
Franchises, Privileges, Emoluments, and Hereditaments whatsoever, which the 
last Abbot of the said late Monastery or any other Person or Persons hath or 
have holden and enjoyed by reason of any Charter Gift Grant or Confirmation or 
of any Letters Patent in any manner made or granted by our most dear father 
or by any of our Progenitors, or by reason of any lawful prescription usage or 
custom or otherwise by what lawful means soever. Witness the King at West- 
minster the twenty-third day of March. By Writ of Privy Seal &c." 

The above Goodwyn and Maynard, during the months of May and June 
following, appear to have resold large portions of the property thus acquired. 
Sundry licences of alienation, in which many occupiers of lands at East Barnet 
are mentioned by name, and the designations borne by the lands themselves 
specified, are conceded to them in the same Bolls. To Thomas Savage are con- 
veyed omes illos boscos et tras in Estbarnet vocat' Ousage Wood et Monkenfreth 
modo vel nup in tenura sive occupacoe Thome Savage gen'osi ac nup Monasterio 
sci Albani modo dissolut' dudum spectan'. Que de nob' tenentur in Capite ; a - 
to William Chester, of Chipping Barnet, yeoman, unii mesuagium sive hospitiu 
modo vocat' le Boose et le Crowne, et nup vocat' le Busshe iacen' in Chipping 
Barnet, ac unii ten' vocat' le Manne et le hospiciu vocat' le Bulle &c. ; b — to 
Edward Tayllour and Elianore Palmer widow, together with other houses and 
lands in Chipping Barnet, unii ten' cum uno pomario eidem adiacen' ac duo 
clausa prati sive pasture continen' decern acras modo in tenura Willi Baynolds 
iacen. in Estbarnett, aceciam tria clausa vocat. Crowchemans closes in tenura 

a Patent Rolls G May, 7 Edw. VI. part 12, membr. 35. 
b Patent Rolls 13 May, 7 Edw. VI. part 7, membr. 14. 



22 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Willi Rolfe in Estbarnet, ac totum illud magnG rnesuagid vocat' tlie George in 
Chipping Bamet, necnon unu rnagnu mesuagiu sive hospiciu. vocat' the Antlope 
in Chipping Barnet ; a — to John Marshe senior and Joan his wife and John 
Marshe junior, of Chipping Barnet, omia ilia duo mesuagia cum gardino pomario 
&c. in that town, late in the occupation of John Marshe senior and a certain 
John Hackley, rectoris ecclesie Parochie de Barnett." 
The following are transcribed at length. 

Rex Om'ib3 ad quos &c. saltern Sciatis qd nos de gra nra spali ac p quatuor libris quatuor- 
decim solidis & sex denar' nob solut 2 in hanapio nro concessim s & licenciara dedim s ac p p'sentes 
concedim s & licenciam dam s p nob & hered s nris quantum in nob est Dittis nob Johi Goodwyn 
& Johi Meynerd armigis qd ipi unu mesuagiu unu ten unu Cotagiu tria Gardina viginti acras tre 
triginta acras prati quinquaginta acras pastur' quinquaginta acras bosci & undecim libratas decern 
solidatas & sex denar' reddit' cum ptin sive plus sive minus situat 5 iacen 9 & existen 9 in villis 
parochijs & liamelett' de Barnett Chepyngbarnet Est Barnett Ridge et Shenley vel alibi in coin 
nro hertf nup monaste'io sci Albani in dco com nro hertf dudum spectan & pertinen 9 ac modo 
vel nup in sepalib} tenuris sive occupacoib3 Henrici Bellamy civis & mceri london henrici Dell 
Johis Owen alias Cavys & Rici Edwards aut assign' suc-J ad hoc presens vulgari? nuncupat seu 
cognit p nomen aut noia de hertleys Tylers landes Sonyngis Grove Doggetts hill grove Russellis 
grove Jackys crofte d alias JolifPs Grove Tyretts landes Borris Whelers landes Calys mease 
& Edwardes tenement or cotage vel quoeumcjj alio noie vel no'ib} censeant 1 ' Que de nob tenent 1 ' in 
Capite ut dicit r dare possint & concedere confirmare alienare aut cognoscere p finem in Cur' nfa 
coram Justic' nris de coi banco seu aliquo alio modo quocumqj ad libitum ipor Johis Goodwyn 
Johis Meynerde p'fato benr Ballamy hend' & tenend' eidem henrico hered & assign' suis imppin 
de nob et hered nris p s'uicia inde debita ac nob & hered' nris reservat 2 et eidem henrico qd ipe 
p'dca mesuagiu ten cotagiu Gardina tras prata pastur 9 boscos & reditus cum ptin a p'f'atis Johe 
Goodwyn & Johe Meynard recipe possit & tenere sibi hered & assign' suis de nob & hered nris 
p'dcis p s'uicia p'dca sicut p'dcm est tenore p'sentu s'milit r licenciam dedim s ac dam s spalem 
Nolentes qd p'dci Johes Goodwyn & Johes Meynard vel hered sui aut alios Ballivos seu ministros 
nros vel hered nror quoscumqj occo'enf molestent 1 ' impetant r in aliquo seu gravent r nee eor] 
aliquis occo'et r molestet r impetaf in aliquo seu g'vef In cuius rei &c. T. R. apud Westm 1 ' xix 
die Junij. 

Rex &c. f p tresdecim solidis & quatuor denarijs &c. Dilts nob Johi Goodwynne de Depden 
in Com. Essex & Johi Maynerd gen'oso qd ipi omia ilia Crofta & tras iacen 9 & existen' in Est 

a Patent Rolis 12 June, 7 Edw. VI. part 7, membr. 17. 

b Patent Rolls 13 June, 7 Edw. VI. part 7, membr. 16. 

c Patent Rolls 7 Edw. VI. part 6, membr. 8. 

d Croft. An inclosed yard attached to a house. 

c Meese. A mead, field, or pasture. HalliwelPs Diet. 

f Patent Rolls. 7 Edw. VI. part 6, membr. 10. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 23 

Barnett in Com. nro hertf vocat? hallelond psoneslond & unu Croftum vocat 9 syx acres ut de 
mahio dc Barnet & Est Barnet in dco com. hertf scdm consuetudinem eiusdem manij ac medietat 9 
sive unu dimid' triu acrar' tre iacen 9 in tres croftas vocat 9 Armeholt landes alias vocat 9 Barnet 
landes iacen 9 int? halland T; le Shire mayre. a Necnon medietatem sive unu dimid' Grovett vocat 
hartegrove cum uno sepe vocat 9 Stukkeshedge iacen 9 int 9 Mantongrove ex partib} boriali & occi- 
dcntali ac parcell bosci vocat Reddyng ex parte orientali & Dame Grove & Okylford Grove ex 
parte australi aceciam medietatem sive dimid unius grovett continen 9 quatuor acras bosci dudum 
Johis Rolfe & postea Johis Dogget nup Johis Woodham quam Petrus Coppersfeld nup huit ex 
sursum reddicoe Willi Wythe & iacet ex parte orientali iuxta manton grove & ex parte occidentali 
sup Croftu Johis Dogget unu caput indc abuttat 9 sup tras nup Robti Bydwell ex parte australi & 
Regiam viam ex parte Boriali aceciam medietatem sive dimid unius tofti & quindecim acras tre 
dudum Petri Croper ac medietatem triu acrar' tre iacen 9 insimul parcell. p'dict quindecim acrar' 
tre quas Johes Croyden dudum tenuit vocat Brownynge lande unu caput inde abbutt' sup Regiam 
viam & alt'um sup tras nup Rogi Edmond ac omia & singula boscos subboscos arbores sepes les 
springs & Grovett bosci & subbosci crescen. stantes & existen de in & sup p'dict custumar) tris ten 
ac ceta p'missa sive aliquam partem seu parcell' eiusdem. Que omia & singula p'missa sunt parcell' 
eiusdem manij de Barnet & Est Barnet p'dict. Que de nob &c. Diltis nob" Thome Catcher de 
hackeney & Augustino Catcher juniori fil. suo hend & tenend eisdem Thome & Augustino &c. 
In cuius rei &c. T. R. apud Westm r quinto die Junij. 

Rex b &c. p sex libris sex solidis & octo denarijs &c. Dittis nob Johi Goodwyn seniori & Johi 
Maynard qd ipi unam Grovettam vocat 9 Coles Grove & aliam Grovettam vocat 9 Milles Grove 
continen p estimacoem quadraginta acras in Estbarnet in com. nro hertf ac unam Grovettam vocat 
Bottelles Grove continen' p estimacoem duas acras & dimid' in Estbarnet p'dict' unam aliam 
Grovettam continen' p estimacoem tres acras vocat Crowchemans Garden in Est Barnett p'dict 
unu boscum continen' p estimacoem tresdecim acras vocat Greate Rawlyns in Estbarnett p'dict 
Necnon aliud boscum vocat lytle Rawlyns continen' p estimacoem quatuor acras & dimid' in Est 
barnet p'dict cum uno bosco adiacen' eidem Crowchemans Garden continen' p estimacoem quatuor 
acras in Estbarnet p'dict unam aliam Grovettam iacen' apud le Northende in Conyes hyll continen 
p estimacoem unam acram in Estbarnett p'dict Necnon unu. mesuagiu sive hospitiu vocat' the 
Pehenne cum suis ptin in Chyppyng Barnet in p'dict Com nro hertf ac sex clausa c prati sive 
pasture continen' p estimacoem triginta & duas acras sive plus sive minus modo in tenura Alicie 
Brackfeld relicte Johis Brackefeld defunct situat in Chyppynge Barnet p'dict. Aceciam totum 
illud magnu mesuagiu sive hospiciu vocat the lyon in Chyppyng Barnet p'dict cum suis ptin' &c. 
Que de nobis tenent 1 ' in Capite, hend. & tenend. Edwardo Taylour &c. In cuius rei &c. T. R. 
apud West r xij die Junij. 

In addition to the foregoing, we have John Marshe reeordecl as the purchaser, 
in the 4 and 5 of Philip and Mary, of 3 acres called Crosscroft in Barnet, with 

a Meter or Mere. A boundary. Halliwell. " The mislayer of a ?»ere-stone is to blame." Bacon. 

t> Patent Bolls 7 Edw. VI. part 6, membr. 10. 

c Close. A private meadow, as distinct from the land held in common. 



24 The Parish of East Barnet. 

one barn and a meadow of 9 acres, together with an orchard, and a pool in Wood 
Street, of the yearly rent a of 26s. 8d. Greenhill Grove, alias Pricklers, with the 
lands adjoining, in Chipping Barnet parish, was sold by the Crown in 1558 to the 
same John Marshe, and came by descent and intermarriage to Sir John Wolfe, 
who died in 1703. b In the will of Sir Valentine Browne, of Hogsdon (Hoxton) 
co. Midd. knt. dated 30 June 1588,° we come upon the traces of a similar trans- 
action. He therein devises to John Branthwaite, his servant, for ever, his whole 
estate &c. " called Aggatts and Boies Land, late parcell of the possessions of the 
late monastery of St. Albau's, within the parishe of Barnett and East Barnett, 
purchased from our late Sovereign Lady Queen Marye," whilst, in a schedule 
attached to the same will, he makes note that the lands in question " weare 
boughte of Quene Marye by one William Home at the value of lxiiij 8 vj d by the 
yeare, and by him solde over to Owen Clayden and from the saide Owen to mee 
the said S r Valentine, whoe there uppon challendging possession thereof being 
in thoccupacon of M r William Clark of ffeyrne and M r Highgate within the saide 

a Newcome's Hist, of St. Alban's, 499, 500. 

b Lysons, iv. 2. The Court rolls shew that this is incorrect. From this source we learn that 19 
Apr. 2 Jac. Henry Goodere of Newgate Street, Herts (afterwards Sir Henry Goodere, knt.) and Ethcl- 
dreda (Audrey) his wife surrendered a messuage 4 crofts 1 wood and 1 meadow containing 30 acres called 
Prittles abuttan' sup' Regiam viam ex parte Austral' & occiden. et sup' venell vocat. Potters-lane ex 
parte Australi et orien. et sup' terr. et boscu' vocat. les Downes Johls Dymelby ex p'te boreal' versus 
orient, to the use of John Bottomley of London, goldsmith, his heirs and assigns (Cur. Rot. Maner. 
15 Feb. 11 Jac. a.d. 1G13). The said John Bottomley, on his deathbed, 27 Apr. 1G33, surrendered 
"totum illud Messuagium vocat Prittles al's Prickles cum pertinencijs &c. continen. per estimaco'em trigint 
acras " to the use of Margaret Marshe his daughter, widow of William Marshe, and William Marshe her 
son, a minor, for their joint lives, with remainder to William Marshe and his heirs for ever (Cur. Rot. 
Maner. 10 Apr. 1634). The children of the marriage of William Marshe and Margaret Bottomley were 
Susan, married to John Nicoll, John Marshe, William Marshe and Frances Marshe. (Will of John 
Bottomley, dated 22 Oct. and proved P.C.C. 16 Dec. 1633.) To John Marshe, his grandson, Mr. 
Bottomley devises lands at Aldenham, after the death of Mary his now wife. On 18 Apr. 1626, Mr. 
Bottomley and Richard Pratt had been called upon to repair the footpath, which exists to this day, 
between Barnet highway and East Barnet. (Cur. Rot. Maner.) The property remained copyhold until 
its sale after the death of the late Samuel Richard Block, Esq. in 1865, having been purchased by that 
gentleman in 1841 for £5,500. Vide. supr. p. 17, note a , and inf. Pedigree of Morley and Trevor, p. 64. 

c Proved P.C.C. 27 March 1589, by the proctor of dame Thomazine, the relict. Book Leicester, 35. 
His arms, as given in the Visitation of Lincolnshire, were granted to him, by the style of Valentine 
Browne, of Totteridge co. Hertford, esq. 24 Apr. 1561. Arg. three martlets in pale sa. betw. two 
Haunches of the last, each charged with a lion pass, of the first. Crest. A dragon's head arg. guttee de 
poix betw. two wings expanded sa. guttee de larmes. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 25 

countyes claymed a fee farme of the same for paying the saide rent and so the 
same bathe bene putt in sute and stayde by the deathe of M r Highgate, whose 
heire was the Quene's warde and is now come unto his full age. And the 
evidences remaine in a boxe at this present delivered to my servaunte John 
Braunthwaite." 

According to Clutterbuck, who seems to have known nothing of Goodwyn 
and Maynard, the manor was granted in the first year of Queen Mary to Anthony 
Butler esq. For a confirmation of this statement he refers to the Court R-olls, 
as cited by Chauncy, a but his subsequent account of the succession, drawn from 
the same authority, is erroneous in many particulars. The Patent Rolls of 
Mary's reign contain no record of its transfer by the original grantees, whilst the 
manorial records shew beyond all contestation that a court leet and court baron, 
with view of frank pledge, were held by Anthony Butler on the 5 April, 1 Mary, 1 ' 
whilst in the 4 Eliz. we find that, in consideration of 33s. 2d. licence was given 
to Anthony Butler esq. to alienate to Henry Bellamy, in addition to other pro- 
perty in the neighbourhood, totam illam groveam bosci et pasture vocat' Sonnyngs 
grove continen. xxij acr. & dimicl. abuttan. sup Doggetts hill grove ex parte 
australi & tra Willi Rolf de Chaceside ex parte boriali & sup Russells grove ex 
parte occiden. & le Chaceside ex parte orient. The description defines the situa- 
tion of Sonnyngs grove as covering some of the land now attached to Belmont, 
and points to Buckskin Hall,' 1 or its neighbourhood, for the house of William 
Rolfe. This is confirmed by William Rolfe's will, dated 16 Sep. 1558, by which 
he devises to his son William " the house at the chasesyde,'' described in the 
surrender made upon his deathbed as " a messuage lately built near Sonnes- 
grove. 

The Butlers were a family of some standing at Coates juxta Stow, in 
Lincolnshire, where their memorials are still to be seen in the little church. 
Towards the close of the 10th century the rectory, with the advowson of the 

8 Chauncy, Hist of Hertfordshire, p. 496. b Cur. Rot. Maner. 1 Mar. 

c Patent Rolls. 25 Apr. 4 Eliz. part 9, membr. 40. 

d This name is at least as old as 1G52, when Edmond Taylor of East Barnet was presented by the 
Homage " for inclosing a peece of the wast of the Mannor neare Buckskyn hall and they doe order him to 
lay it open againe as it was before the inclosure upon payne of Twenty Shillings for every six monethes 
that the same shall continue inclosed." Cur. Rot. Maner. 20 April 1652. 

c Pr. at St. Alban's 29 Oct. 1558 by Margaret, the relict. Book Frankilcaster, 148. 

1 Cur. Rot, Maner. 6 Apr. 1 Eliz. 

D 



26 The Parish of East Barnet. 

vicarage, were acquired by Anthony Butler, of Gray's Inn/ a younger son of 
the Anthony already mentioned, and described in his will b as of Howell co. 
Line, gent. This will — an unusual circumstance at so late a date — is written 
throughout in Latin. He names, as executors, his stepfather (vitricus), Sir 
Charles Dymock, knt., and Margaret Dyrnock, his mother, John Butler, of 
Baketon, his brother, and Catherine Langton, his sister, and records the 
circumstance that he was born at Coates, desiring to be buried in the church of 
St. Andrew, at Howell, beside the tomb of Richard Boteler and Matilda his 
wife, on the east side. This monument, which has been described as standing 
juxta ingressum d ecciiae, bore the inscription : — 

Hie jacent Eicus Boteler de Howell, qui obijt primo 

die Januar Ano Dni 1457 et Matilda uxor ejus que 

obijt 6° die Aug Aiio 1457 Quorum aiabus ppicietur Deus. 

In what relationship, if any, they stood to the Butlers of Coates has not 
appeared. 

Courts of View of Erank Pledge, or Courts Leet, differing in origin, but 
nearly identical in procedure, 6 and Courts Baron of the Manor were held 
regularly every year at Barnet, in the month of April, as well as at other 
seasons, of which an account has been kept in the rolls. At the former, assizes f 
were duly adjusted of the weight, measure, price, and quality of commodities 
supplied by the various trades, and fines imposed upon bakers (pistores) brewers 
(brasiatores) butchers (carnarii) candlemakers (candelarii) and ale-house keepers 
(tipulatores), e who either adulterated their goods, or charged exorbitant and 
illegal prices for them. There is, perhaps, a melancholy satisfaction in the 

a From the information of the Rev. Charles Neville, rector of Stow. 

b Dated 16 July 1608, and proved P.C.C. 16 May 1609. Book Dorset, 41. 

c The Rev. J. Curwen Underwood, present rector of Howell, informs me that the parish church is 
dedicated to St. Oswald. Conf. Hist, of Sleaford, $c. by Ven. Edward Trollope, M. A., archdeacon of 
Stow, and now suffragan bishop of Nottingham ; p. 406. 

d Harl. MS. 6829: Antiquities of the County of Lincoln, f. 250. 

e Holthouse's Law Diet, 

1 Assisa panis et cerevisiae. The power of assizing or adjusting the weight and measures of bread 
and beer. Holthouse's Law Diet. 

Tipulatores. Not met with in Du Cange. Probably a coined word, derived from " to tipple.'* 
Tippling-kouse, a house in which liquors are sold in drams or small quantities. — Webster. 



Between pages 26 and 27. 



Sir William Tyrwhitt =f= 
kut. d. 19 Mar. 1541, 
bur. at Scotter, eo. 
Line. 



Marmadnke Tyr-spHeleu, dan. 



John Lang! on, of-p-Annc, dau. and 



whitt, 4th son, 
d. 21 Jan. 1599, 
set <>i>, bur. at 
Scotter. 



of Lionel 
Reiesby. 



Langton, eo. 
Line. 



heir of Lawrence 
Palmer, of 
Boston Marsh. 



r— : r 

1. Robert, ol 

Scotter. 

2. Tristram. 
:!. William. 
4. Thomas. 
.">. Roger. 



Truth. 
Elizabeth. 

Jane. 

Isabel. 



Douglaslebury, <>f Staueaby, co. Linc.=pCatherine 
3rd daupphry Littlebury, of Stanesby, 

i, dan. of Sir William Tyrwhitt, 

ehy (1). 1 husband. 

»ns pass, guard, in pale arg. 

i's bead conped at the shoulders, 

lil, all ppr. 



=^sir John Langton, of Langton, knt. Will=pElizabeth, dau. of 



pr. P.C.C. B Dec. 1G1G. Pur. at Langton, 
Quarterly sa. and or a bend arg. Crest, 
an eagle or and wivern vert, their necks 
entwined reguardant. 



Robert Langton, a minor in 161G. 



Brian Cooke, of Don-^Sarah, dau. 

(aster, esq d. 27 Dee. and heir of 

1683, sat 80. Will Henry 

nunc. pr. P.C.C. 31 Rylev. of 

Jan. 1663-4. Bur. at Doncaster. 
Coates. Mou. inscr. 
(2). 



:. Charles 
paries. 
r. — Gaile. 



Brian Cooke, bar- 
rister-at-law, of 
the Inner Temple, 
d. unm. 5 Jan. 
1G60, aged 40. 



William. 



Georgny Butler. 
ley, cheirmalc of 
Mar.imily," d. 9 
remr.ur. 16 Apr. 
llenr Mon. lnsc. 
Apr. ates. 



William Dalli- 
son , of Langton . 
1 wife. 



I™ i 



I I I 
Humphry Littlelmry. 
Philip. 
Elizabeth. 

Truth, m. William 
Langton. 
Charles, d. s. p. 
William, d. s. p. 



William Langton, eld. son, m. Truth Littlebury, s. p. 

Roger, ni. Susan, dau. of — Roshford. 

Valentine, d. s. p. 

Peregrine. 

Elisabeth, m. William Lockton (Hail. MS. 1550). 

Margaret, m. Christopher Holme, of Paull-Holme, co. York. 

Rose. in. William Quadring, of Irisby, eo. Line. 



Diana, mar. Sir 
Henry Cooke, 
of Wheatley. 
eo. York. 



Arms OF Butler. — Arg. on a chev. as. betw. three demi-lions pas-. 
guard, gu. crowned or, as many covered cups of the last. 

Crest. — A nag's head erased quarterly arg. and sa. 

Had MSS. 1550, f. 121 ; G829 f. 193. 



(1) Hark MSfandall, near Doncaster. a sufferer in the Rovalist cause, fined £1.460 by the 
Dijnwck, f. 58"; .1771, ii. 189, Coolie of Wheatley; Harl. MS. 1420, f. 218, testante Geo. Cooke, 
Antiquities of the 

ir. at Coates, 31 May, 1GG6. 

lissions of Gray's Inn, Sec. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 27 

discovery that fraudulent tradesmen are not the exclusive product of our own 
more advanced civilization. In the days of the Tudors and Stuarts a a jury of 
copyholders presented, annually, that " hostellarij et hospitatores vendiderunt 
victualia excessive, tipulatores cervisiam p illicitas mensuras vendiderunt et 
fregerunt assisa, brasiator brasiau diversis vicibus cervisiam insalubrem, pistor' 
panis humani pins a uerunt p diversas vices panem insalubrem et fregerunt 
assisa, carnarii vendiderunt carnes insalubres, candelar' vendiderunt candelas 
p lucro excessivo et fregerunt assisa," and penalties were levied upon the 
offenders, which, unhappily, did not hinder a recurrence of the like offence year 
after year. At the latter, or Courts Baron, presentments were made by the 
homage in relation to the customary property, copyhold estates were transferred 
by surrender and admittance, and controversies having respect to the right of 
lands within the manor determined." 

During the whole of Mary's reign and the first years of her successor Courts 
of the manor were held in the name of Anthony Butler, esq. His monument at 
Coates, which has now disappeared, is noted by Gervase Hollis, who saw it 
"juxta murum borialem cancelli." It bore the inscription, " Antonius Butler 
armigcr obijt 5 t0 die Septembris 1570," with the arms, Arg. on a chev. az. betw. 
three demi-lions pass, guard, gu. crowned or, as many covered cups of the last; 
impaling, Or, on a chief sa. three martlets of the first, for Wogan. a At the 
time of his decease his children were all minors, and we find Margaret Butler 
holding a court, as his widow, 5 July, 13 Eliz. a.d. 1571.° At no long time 
subsequently she must have married, secondly, Charles Dymock, esq/ afterwards 
knighted, second son of Sir Edward Dymock g by Anne, daughter of Sir George 
Talboys knt. — in whose name, jointly with her own,' 1 the Courts were held until 
the latter years of Elizabeth's reign and perhaps later. In the 14 and 33 Eliz. 

a Cur. Rot. Maner. 19 Apr. 8 Jac. 

b Holtbouse's Law Diet. Burton's Compendium of the Law of Real Property, 6th ed. p. 485. 

c Gervasius Holies, colonellus Peditum sub auspicijs Caroli regis Angliee, necnon Ludovici 14. regis 
Franciee, a 164G. 

d Harl. MS. 6829, f. 193. * Cur. Rot. Maner. 

f M.P. for Lincoln in 1G02 ; knighted 23rd July 1603, at "the great Knighting" at Whitehall, 
before the coronation of James I. Burke's Commoners i. 35. Dymolce of Scrivelsby. Lans. MS. 678 
Harl. MS. 6062. 

s Harl. MS. 1550, f. 586 ; Harl. Soc. Pub. viii. 133 ; Le Neve's Knights. Sir Edward Dymock 
died in 1566, and his widow afterwards married Sir Robert Carr. 

11 Cur. Rot. Maner. Apr. 1572, 14 Eliz. 

d2 



28 The Parish of East Bamet. 

the name of Thomas Hawtayne occurs as Steward, but it would appear that, on 
the 19 Apr. 2 James, Anthony Butler esq. who died in 1608, filled the office. a 
The manor may have formed a part of the lady's dower, though the manorial 
deeds shew a grant of 30 Eliz. to Charles Butler esq. the " Lord of the Town of 
Barnett," his Heirs and Successors, Lords of the Town of Barnett, of the right to 
hold the Market Pairs, and Court of Pie Poudre. Lady Dymock was living in 
May 1609, b but predeceased her husband, whose will, dated 3 March 1610-11, was 
proved P.C.C. on the 15 April following by his nephew Sir Edward Dymock knt. 
It contains several bequests to members of the Butler family. To " the Ladye 
Langton c my late wives daughter a paire of the best goulde Borders A besett with 
pearle that were hir Mother's my wief late deceassed, and to hir husband S r 
John Langton knighte one fyne Salte of silver and guylt and Mother of pearle 
w th Triton rydinge on a Tortys backe sittinge in a Globe. Item I give unto my 
sonne in lawe M r John Butler my late wives sonne twenty poundes in money to 
be distributed amongest his children at his disposicon, and to his wief my 
daughter in lawe I give one other payre of goulde borders my late wives next 
unto the best payre of Borders given alreadye to the Ladye Langton. Alsoe I 
give unto M r William Butler sonne and heire unto Charles Butler esquier late 
deceassed my best horse I shall have at the hower of my deathe or Tenn pounds 
in goulde at his choyce. I give as a remembrance of my love to M r Humfrey 
Littleburye grandchild unto my late wief deceassed one Ringe besett w th seaven 
dyamonds w c h was his graundmother's. Item I further give unto my servaunte 
Elizabeth Bryce my late wyves kynswoman Twentye pounds in money for hir 
better preferment in marriage." He likewise alludes to his " wives kynswoman 
Margaret Whelpdaile now wief of Charles Whelpdale Clerke and Parson of 
Howell." G The memorial of Sir Charles and Lady Dymock still remains in a 

;i Cur. Rot. Maner. 15 Feb. 11 Jac. A.D. 1G13. 

b Will of Mr. Anthony Butler, P.C.C. Book Dorset, 41. 

c Lady Langton, their only daughter, was the last survivor of the children of Anthony and Margaret 
Butler. Will of John Butler, her brother, dated 27 Feb., prov. 18 March 1627-8. 

d Some kind of trimming, which could be transferred from one dress to another. In Nugce Antiquce 
ii 139, ed. of 1792, Sir John Harington, writing to Robert Markham in 1606, mentions that "Lady 
M. Howarde " was possessede of a rich border powdered wyth golde and pearle, and a velvet suite 
belonginge thereto, which it moved manye to envye ; nor did it please the Queene (Elizabeth), who 
thought it exceeded her owne." 

c Amongst legacies " cognatis meis," in the will of Anthony Butler, in 1608, there is one to Margaret 
Wheldall. In Archdeacon Trollope's History of SI ea ford it is stated that Charles Wheldale was instituted 
rector of Howell in 1616. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 29 

very dilapidated condition in the chantry of the church of Howcll, a with the 
kneeling effigies of the knight and his lady above the following inscription : 

Here lieth Sir Charles Dimok of Howell knt. second son to Sir Edward Dimok of Scrielsby 
knt. Champion to y c Crowne of England, which Sir Charles married Margaret widow to Mr. 
Anthony Butler, of Coates, esquier, who also lieth here buried, by whom first she had five sonnes, 
viz. Charles, William, Anthony, John and Henry ,'• and one daughter Katherine, wife to Sir John 
Langton, knt. and by Sir Charles had one daughter, Bridget, who died in infancy. 

To whose memory in grateful testimony of his love and reverent respect, Sir Edward Dimok, 
nephew to Sir Charles, hath made and erected this monument. 

Between the 44 EHz. and the 8 James the manorial records are defective. 
At the latter elate Charles Butler, the eldest son of Anthony, was dead. The 
following inscriptions on brasses are at this clay a on the south wall of the chancel 
at Coates : 

Carolus primogenitus Antonii Butler de Coates juxta Stow beataj Maria? armigeri duxit 
Douglassiam Marmaduci Tirwhyt de Scotter armigeri tertiam filiam. Obiit 1 7° die Aprilis MDCII 
annum agens XLII. 

Above are the kneeling figures of a lady and gentleman, with the effigies of 
five sons, inscribed Thomas, Antonius, Carolus, Gulielmus, Joannes, and three 
daughters, Helena, Martha, Helena, of whom Carolus, Joannes, aud the elder 
Helena, carry skulls in their hands, as having predeceased their father. Arms of 
Butler, impaling Tyrwhitt, Gu. three lapwings or, a mullet for difference.' 1 

Non habemus hie manentem civitatem sed futuram inquirimus. 
Hie subtus rcquiescit Gulielmus Butler, films Antonii Butler de Cotes in comitatu Lincoln, 
armigeri natu secundus, qui duxit in uxorem Elizabetham Georgii Yorke, de Ashby in Kesteven 
ejusdem comitatus armigeri, filiam, qui quidem Gulielmus (immatura morte peremptus) obiit 
vicesimo octavo die Aprilis a.d. 1590 et suae aetatis 26. 

Priscilla unica eorum proles obiit infans. 

a The church consists of nave, north aisle, and chantry, porch, and chancel. Trollope's Sleaford, 
p. 406. 

b In the church of Boston, Lincolnshire, was the inscription, Requiescens in Drio Henricus Butler, 
obijt 11° die Augusti, A 1001, aetatis sue 30°. Arms and crest of Butler of Coates, with an annulet for 
difference. Harl. MS. 6829, f. 205. 

c From information communicated by the Rev. C. Neville. 

d Harl. MS. 6829, f. 193. 



30 The Parish of East 'Bamet. 

Between the effigies of a gentleman in armour and a lady are the arms of 
Butler, impaling, Arg. a saltire az. for Yorke, surmounted by the crests of Butler, 
A horse's head erased quarterly arg. and sa. and another. 

On the north wall of the chancel, surmounted by the arms, is the inscription : — 

Here lieth the body of Mr. Antony Butler, son of Antony Butler of Coates in the co. of 
Lincoln esq. who died the 9th day of April, in the year of our Lord 1673, being the last heir 
male of this family. 

In the eighth year of James the First, and subsequently, Courts of the manor 
were held by Douglas the widow of Charles Butler, as Committee of the person 
and goods of her eldest son William, a ward of the King, before Thomas Tyrwhitt, a 
steward. This arrangement was preserved during the minority of William Butler, 
whom we find holding a Court Baron in his own name 30 Nov. 10 James b a.d. 
1612. He must have died shortly afterwards, for, on the 15 of the following 
May, a Court was held by Egbert Tyrwhitt, c esq. as Committee of the lands and 
tenements of Anthony Butler gent, the King's ward, who himself held a Court 
8 Oct. 16 James, a.d. 1618, before John Briscoe, esq. deputy steward. Soon after 
this the connection of the Butler family with the manor terminated. A year 
later we meet with the notice : d 

Cheping Barnett et East Barnett. 

Visus ffranc. Pleg. cu' Prima Curia Jacobi Stonehouse militis, Johannis Welde, Willi 
Whitmore et Georgij Whitmore armig. ffirmar. Johi Welde milit. manij sui pred. ifem tent, 
die Martis existen. Quinto die Octobris anno Rni Dni nri Jacobi dei gra' Anglian ffrancia? et 
Hib'nise Kegis fidei defensor' &c. decimo septimo et Scotise Quinquagesimo Tertio, Coram Petro 
Phesaunt Ar. Senl ibm 1619. 

Sir John Weld, knt., who purchased the manor from the Butlers, was the 
son of Sir Humphry Weld, alderman and grocer of London, who served the 
office of Sheriff in 1599, and was Lord Mayor in 1608. e Sir Humphry had been 
a customary tenant from the year 1583, when lands called Great Rawlings, to the 
right of the lane leading from the church to Betstile, were surrendered to his 

a She had a brother so named, who was probably the person. — Harl. MS. 1550, f. 35. 

b Cur. Rot. Maner. 

c Robert Tyrwbitt of Scotter, eldest brother of Douglas Butler.— Harl. MS. 1550, f. 35. 

a Cur. Rot. Maner. 

c Herbert's Hist, of the Twelve Livzry Companies i. 329; Remembrancia, 13, note 1. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 31 

use, a augmented, five years later, by the neighbouring lands of Little Brownings, 
upon the surrender of Henry Goodere and Audrey his wife. b In the 42 Eliz. he 
purchased the manor of Little Berkhamsted from Sir Edward Denny, and in the 
4 James held the manor of Ludwick, or Lodwick, Hall, in Hatfield, as well as that 
of Holwell. His death took place 29 November, 1610, and he was buried on the 
following 3 January. The Welds of Lulworth Castle, co. Dorset, who are his 
lineal representatives, have been distinguished in recent times by their adherence 
to the Church of Rome, to which they furnished a cardinal in the person of 
Thomas Weld,' 1 of Lulworth, the first Englishman who had had a seat in the 
Conclave since the pontificate of Clement IX. Great Wild Street, Drury Lane, 
is said to bear a name corrupted from that of the family of Weld, who had a 
residence here in what was called the Aldwych, or Oldwick, an open space. 

Upon the renewal of diplomatic intercourse between England and Philip the 
Fourth of Spain, in 1629, Don Carlos de Coloma was sent as ambassador to this 
country, and arrived in London towards the autumn. Coloma received but a 
cold welcome, and it was with difficulty that a house was found for his 
reception/ We learn from a letter written by the lord mayor to lady Frances 
Weld, 8 Oct. 1628, that the ambassador was expected even at that date and that, 
having been required to provide a house for him, he had fixed upon her's, for 
which a competent rent would be paid and the house left in due repair. On 
17 Nov. 1629 the Lord Keeper Coventry and the earl of Manchester, as Lord 
Privy Seal, write to the lord mayor from Whitehall that Lady Weld's house 
being found incommodious, he is to use his best endeavours to find another 
" more conveniently seated." At the same time " they had not relinquished lady 
Weld's house, nor acquitted her of her contempt in not conforming to the King's 
desire, but had enjoined her obedience, and had only suspended her actual 
performance thereof, until trial had been made whether a more commodious 
house could be provided/ 

An ancient residence at Southgate, called Arnolds, of which Arno's Grove is 

a Cur. Rot. Maner. 11 Apr. 25 Eliz. 

b Cur. Rot. Maner. 18 Apr. 30 Eliz. Afterwards Sir Henry Goodere, of Newgate Street, in the 
parish of Hatfield, Herts. 

c Clutterbuck's Herts ii. 32, 357, 358. 

d Born in 1773, and d. 10 Apr. 1837.— Burke's Landed Gentry. 

e Loftie's Hist, of London ii. 205 ; Remembrancia, 13, note 1. 

f S. R. Gardiner, Hist, of England, vii. 102, 105, 170. 

s Remembrancia, 13, and note 1. 



32 The Parish of East Barnet. 

the j^resent representative, belonged to Sir John Weld in 1610. a Finding the 
distance from the parish church of Edmonton inconveniently great, he erected 
at South gate, not far from the spot where Minchenden House was afterwards 
built, a small chapel, known as Weld Chapel, demolished in 1862 to make way 
for a new church immediately to the east of its site, for which the late Sir 
Gilbert Scott furnished the design. Weld Chapel was consecrated, 22 May 1015, 
by Dr. John King, bishop of London. b 

Its founder did not long enjoy his acquisition of the manor. He was buried 
in the chapel which he had built, in February 1622-3, and a tablet placed on the 
south wall of the chancel c to his memory. It has been set against the north 
wall of the new church above the entrance. 

Arms, 1 & 4 Weld. Az. a fesse nebulae betw. three crescents erm. 2 Button als Grant. Az. 
three lions ramp, or, a chief arg. 3 Fitzhugh. Arg. three chevrons sa. each charged with 
a bezant ; in fesse point a martlet, for difference.' 1 Crest, A wyvern, wings expanded sa. 
guttee d'or, plain gorged and chained gold.' e 

M. S. 
HERE SLEEPES IN HOPE OF THE RESVRRECTION, Y E BODY 
OF S R IOHN WELD K T : WHO FOVNDED THIS CHAPPELL 
A°: 1615 : AND GAVE 550 h TO PVRCHASE LANDS TO 
THE YEAREL1E VALEVE OF 30 1 ' WHICH BEING p'FORMED 
WAS, ACCORDING TO HIS LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT, CONVEYED 
VNTO FIVE FEOFFEES IN TRVST TO THESE VSES, VIZ, 

(Here follows an extract from the trust) 

HAVING LEFT THESE AND MANY OTHER TESTIMONIES 
BOTH OF HIS PIETIE TOWARDS GOD, AND OF HIS CHARITIE 
TOWARDS MEN, HEE DECEASED THE 6 TU OF FEBR : A° 1622. 
THE WICKED LIKE A WASTED CANDLE SINCKE 
WITHIN THE SOCKET, AND THERE, DYE, AND STINCKE : 

a Robinson's Hist, of Edmonton, p. 33, Arnolds was purchased about the year 1720 by James 
Colebrooke, esq., who commenced the existing structure. Mr. Colebrooke was a banker, and died 18 Nov. 
1752, aged 72, reputed to have been worth £800,000. Gent's. Mag. 

b Robinson's Hist, of Edmonton, p. 122. Dr. King was consecr. bishop of London, 8 Sept. 1611, 
andd. 30 March, 1621. 

c Robinson's Hist, of Edmonton, p. 137. 

d Sir Humphrey Weld was the 4th son of John Weld, of Eaton, co. Chester. 

e Lysons, ii. 276, note, says these arms are nearly obliterated. The carving, however, is still 
quite distinguishable, though all colour is gone. 



Between pages 32 and 33. 



Jeorge Henyngham, (6) of Totten-=y=Elynor, d. before her husband, 



ham, co. Midd. gentleman, servant 
to Hen. VIII. Will pr. P.C.C. 16 
Jan. 1537-8, by Jasper Phesant, as 
proctor for his wife. 



bur. in the chapel of Our 
Lady on north side of parish 
church of Tottenham. 



John Wagham. 
co. Chei53i. 



Anne=j=Richard Markham, gent. 
I 



John \ Barkwith, co. Lincoln,= 
•ay's Inn 1561, barrister 
16 June, 1574, reader 

d az. a fesse, per fesse 
erchanged. 



=Joan, dan. and 
co-heir of Sir 
"Vincent Ful- 
netby, of co. 
Line. knt. 



Dorothy, mar. 
— Sewell. Will pr. as 
of St. Mildred's Poultry, 
widow. Comm. Court 
of London, 18 Dec. 
1620. 



1 

Klizabeth, 

mar. 

Baker, of 

London, 

goldsmith. 



John Markham. 
son and heir. 



1. Robert Wcld,= 
of Eaton. 



=j=Eleanor, dau. 
of Robert 
Olton, of 
Wettenhall, 
co. Chester. 



2. John Weltd 
of Willey, cegatc, 
Salop, and ^ s b. 
London, habe 
dasher. 



Peter Phesant, esq. of Gray's Inn, called=pMary, dau. of 



3 June, 1608, ancient 28 Mav, 1622, 
Harl. MS. 1912 (4), d. 1 Oct, 164*9 : judge 
of the Common Pleas ; of Upwood. co. 
Hunts. Will pr. PC.C. 9 Nov. 1649. 
Steward of the Manor of Barnet. 



Richard Brydges, 
of Combe, co. 
Glouc. 



Jane, mar. Augustine Swafield, of co. 

Rutland. 
Elizabeth, mar. Sir John Wharf, of 

Brig, co. Line. 
Susan, mar. John Phipps, of co. York 



John Weld= 



— I 

Robert. 



— I I I "I 
Elizabeth. 
Jane. 
Ann. 
Ellen. 



Sir John ne s Stonehouse, knt.^Anne, dau. 



John Weld, of: 
Edmonton, co. 
Midd. an. 1663. 

I 

Susan 



Susan, dau. of 
John Bancks, of 
Enfield, co. Midd. 

set. 8, 1663. 



clerk of, us b. Mar. articles 
of Willege. 1617, bro. of Sir 
1633. J, Stonehouse, bart. 
Dame Efo Depden, co. Essex. 
13 Jan. , pr . p.c.C. *4 Jan. 

. i 9 (3). 

Sir John L_. 

marsh, < Elizabeth Anne 

and heir 



of William 
Baronsdale, 
M.D., 1st 
wife. 



— i — i — I 
Mary. 

Sarah. 

Elizabeth. 



(living in 1631). 



Stephen Phesant, eld. son= 
and heir, aged about 17 in 
anno 1634; adm. of Grav's 
Inn 8 May, 1629 ; called" to 
the bar at Gray's Inn 11 
Feb. 163S, ancient 7 Nov. 
1645 ; of Upwood, co. 
Hunts. Will pr. P.C.C. 
2 Nov. 1660 (4). Steward 
of the Manor of Barnet 



Nathaniel, 
a merchant, 
living in 
Nov. 1660. 



-r~n 
Mary. 
Susan. 
Margaret. 



Thomas, 
d. young. 



II 



Sir James 
Stonehouse, 
cr. a bart. 
1641. 



William, 
d. v. p. 



— r~\ 
Mary. 
Jane, d. 



Peter Phesant,=p=Mary, eldest dau. of Sir 



v. p. 



of Upwood , 
co. Hunts, esq. 
Bur. at Up- 
wood. Will 
pr. P.C.C. 20 
May, 1684. 



William Leman, bart. 
of Northaw, co. Herts. 
Mar. at Northaw 28 
Nov. 1671. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 4 May, 1689, as 
of Northaw, widow (8). 



— ~\ 
Mary 



of Upwood, William, of Smyrna in 1703-6. 

. Admin, c. T. Pr. his brother Peter's will, 

.1703, d. s. p. 2S Jan. 1706-7. 



Mansel Phesant, of the Inner 
Temple, bur. at Northaw, 
21 Feb. 1723 (8). 



(1) Clutterbufamily are the oldest in Tottenham church. Robinson's Hist, of Tottenham, 

(2) Son of JafMiingham, esquire, sometime seruant, and greatly favoured of King Henry 
and Tandson of F Almes-house, for three poore widdowes, and died, anno 1536." — Weever 
Corbet was cr. a l (1 7 ^ )> 64, 81. George Henyngham was bur. beside his wife. His residuary 
England; Burke's ' nt - "I give and bequeth to Elizabeth ffesant my best gilt Cup, with the 

W'li f f 3 bought from George Hennyngham, to be sent to the French King, of £37. 

Harvey, 14. 

... „ , ,^1-k 27 Apr. 1613 ; discharged for sympathy with Charles I. 27 Oct. 1642 ; 

(4) Marl. Mb ote306 

(5) By John , 



' 



The Parish of East Bar net. 33 

bvt righteovs men dissolved yield a sent 
like preciovs odovrs, when their box is rent, 
and so did hee : at his departvre giving 
a lasting sweetnes, to refresh y e living. 

Will op Sir John Weld, knight. 
In the name of god Amen. I S r John Weld knight nowe sicke in body but of perfecte minde 
and meorie god be therefore praysed, Doe make and ordayne my last will and Testament the thre 
and Twentith day of Januarie 1622, And in the twentith yeare of y e Raigne of o r Sou'aigne 
Lord James &c. My will is that my body be buryed w'hin my late erected Chappell neare unto 
my now Mansion howse called Arnolds scytuated in the prishe of Edmunton in the County of 
Mydd And my wdl is that my Executor doe gyve and allowe unto fort}^e poore men whereof thirty 
at the least to be dwellinge only w'hin the south street warde of the sayd prishe unto eu'ye of them 
a Coate or Jerkine of sadd coloured cloath and not gounes And allso that my Executor doe gyve 
unto the Curate of my sayd Chappell & to eu'ye pson of my oune family & retynewe such as my 
wife shall thinke fittinge & to the ou'seers of this my will to eu'ye of them a blacke garment or 
Cloke of cloth or stuffe not beinge silke respectively & not to any other person whatsoeu 9 of wch 
last negative clause I doe desier this only Apologie to be made that as to have remembred in like 
manner all my frends kindred & alyance w c h are verye many would have hindred the pformance 
of a more waighty & necessarie duty & allso have argued ostentation & pride w c h in funeral 
affaires of all others I have ever iudged most foolishe, so againe to have singled out some speciale 
frendes whose perticuler kindnesses might worthily have challenged so small a remembraunce 
would but have ministred cause of discontent & envy in others & phapps bred an iniust suspition 
of personall neglect & disdaine w c h to avoyde I have lyked rather to incurre the gen'all distast of 
admitting some detraction of pubiicke worldly reputation And because my Mansion house is very 
small & the troble of populer assemblies & entertainments very greate My will is that my corps be 
conveyed to its place of buriall in the afternoone of the daye in w c h it shall be interred & that my 
frends kindred & neighbo r gentleme w c h shall accompanie the same be entertayned only w4i a 
moderate Banquett, & that my Executor doe gyve & allowe to foure honest yeomen of the sayd 
warde of south street the some of fyve pounds to provide therew l h for themselves & the chiefe 
farmers & Townesmen residinge w l hin the sayd warde & prishe of Edmunton a convenient supper 
upon the day of my fun'all in some place in or neare the sayd streete And that unto every porer 
sorte of howseholders w f hin the sayd streete my Executor doe send & gyve syxe pence in mony & 
a competent portion of breade & victualls to be expended and eaten the same evening in their 
owne houses, And for the avoydinge of vagrants usually attendinge such occasions whereof I desier 
the Cunstable by placinge a sufficient watch to have a speciall regarde My will is that my 
Executor doe gyve to the Churchwardens of Edmunton the some of fortye shillings, to the 
Churchwardens of Totnam twentye shillings, of Enfeild twentie shillings, of Hadley tenn shillings, 
of Southmymes tenn shillings, of Finchley tenn shillings, of Hornesey tenn shillings, of ffrianbarnet 
tenn shillings, of Eastbarnet tenn shillings, & of Chippinge al's High Barnet tenn shillings, to be 
distributed in theire seu'all pochiall churches amonge the poore of the sayd prishe the daye of my 
fun'all The residue of my worldly estate the sayd funerall charge deducted & allowed & allso all 

E 



34 The Parish of East Barnet. 

my debts payde of what nature kinde or quallitie soever And allso due & full satisfaction made if 
padventure 1 have at anie tyme wronged iniured or oppressed any man (as whoe knoweth the 
errors of his lyfe) clense thou me o Lord from my secret sinnes the sinnes of youthe my sinnes of 
Ignorance sinnes of infirmitie sinnes of p'sumption, yea clense me oh Lord from all my sinnes, 
et ab alienis parce servo tuo, I doe bequeath & dispose of in man r & forme followinge, ffirst I doe 
will & bequeath unto Dame ffrauncis my wyfe the use of all my plate & household stuffe for & 
duringe her naturall life yf she shall contynewe so longe unmaryed, the same to be reasonablye 
vallewed & an Inventory thereof taken. And my will is that shee gyve securitie to the ou'seers of 
this my will for the deliu'ye thereof or the vaiewe of the same ymediatly after her decease or 
maryage w c h shall first happen yf my heire shalbe then at full age yf not ymediatlye upon his 
accomplishing thereof unto my right heire to whome 1 doe then bequeath the same & allso my 
seale ring Allso I doe bequeath to my sayd wyfe all her Jewells & ornaments & all my Cattell 
poultrie corne haye firewood-cutt Caroache Coache horses carts & other lyke utensells had or 
occupied in or upon my Mansion house called Arnolds or the demised lands belonginge to the 
same. And allso the some of two hundred pounds in monney for her necessary expence before her 
receipte of rents. Allso I doe bequeath to my lovinge Mother in lawe the lady Weld, to my 
lovinge sister the ladye Stonehouse & to my brother her husband & to every of her children, to my 
lovinge syster the ladye Craven, and to my brother in lawe S r William Whitmore knight & 
George Whitmore Alderman & to eache of theire wyves a golde Ringe of the vaiewe of three 
pounds Allso to eu'ye other of my wyves sisters & to my Cosine John Weld esquire & to his 
wyfe & to my cozen Humfrey Sleyney his wyfe a golde ringe of the vaiewe of fortye shillings a 
peece w c h I desier them to accept as a toaken of my good will & kynde remembraunce w c h I could 
have wished that my nearer cares & consideracons would have pmitted me to have demonstrated 
by some higher argum* of my love to them. Allso my will is that my executor doe paye & 
deliver to my Daughter Ann the two hundred pounde & the gold Chayne w c h was the guifte & 
Legacye of her Grandmother Whitmore & allso doe paye unto my sonn Humfrey my Daughter 
Mary a & my daughter ffrauncis unto each of them one Hundred pounds w c h was likewise the 
legacye of theire said grandmother takinge sufficient discharge from them acco v ding to the purporte 
of her will Allso I doe gyve & bequeath to my sonn Humfrey & to his heires all those landes w c h 
I holde by copy of Courte Rowle of the Manno r of the Rectorie of Tottenham & by me heretofore 
surrendered into the lord's hands to the use of my last will. Allso I doe bequeath to my Cozen 
John Welde the sonn of Richard Welde my unckle deceased the some of tenn pounds & to my 
cosine Edward Ditchfield & his wife fortye shillings a peece & to my Cosine Monger the late wyfe of 
Beniamine Monger deceased fortye shillings, & allso to my poore kindred the some of twentie 

• a She m. Thomas Allen, Esq. of Finchley, afterwards knighted, and d. 4 Feb. 1G63, aged 55. He 
d. 18 Aug. 1681, aged 79. They were both bur. at Finchley, where their monument stands (1884) 
against the western wall of the church, in the gallery. Arms, 1 and 4, Allen ; 2 and 3, Az. a chev. erm. 
betw. 3 unicorns' heads erased. 

Sir Thomas Allen, in his will, desired to be buried " neere to my blessed wife," with the inscription, 
" Wee shall be satisfied when wee awake with thy likenesse." Pr. P.C.C. 1 Sep. 1681, by Edward Allen, 
the son. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 35 

pounds among them to be devided by the advise of my Cozen John Welde of London esquire. 
Allsoe I doe will that my Executo 1 " doe gyve unto eu'rye of my servaunts whoe have dwelt w% 
me by the space of two yeare9 next before my decease the some of xx s and every of them whoe 
have dwelt w% me above the said space of twoe yeares for every yeare ou the some of Twentye 
shillings more above theire wages w c h shalbe then due. Allso whereas the some of Two hundred 
pounds is remayninge as a stocke in my hands, parte of w c h was lefte by my late ffather S r 
Humfrey Weld knight and my grandmother Joane Walley wyddowe deceased to be ymployed for 
the benefitt of the chilldren of my said Grandmother as neede should require, my will and desier 
is that my sayd executor doe w t hin convenient tyme after my decease disburse & laye forth aswell 
the sayd two hundred pounds as allso the some of three hundred & fyfty pounds more upon some 
purchase of Lands Tennements or other hereditaments of the cleare yearly rent or valewe of 
thirtye pounds or more beyond reprise the same to be conveyed unto my sonne and heire & fyve 
other of the inhabitants as my Executrix shall thinke fitt & name w'hin the sayd warde of 
Southstreete & soe contynewed in ffeoffees hands from tyme to tyme by advise of learned Counsell 
to theise only intents & purposes viz 1 That they theire heires & Assignes shall paye yearly w'hin 
the space of twoe monethcs after the feast Daye of S l Mychaele Tharchaingell the some of Twentye 
markes to such psons lynially descended from the body of the sayd Joane Walley as shalbe in that 
behalfe comended unto them by letters from my Cozine John Weld of London esquire, Arthur 
Blackmore & Edward Ditchfield citizens of London duringe theire lyves or by the survyvor of 
them. And after the decease of the survivor shall paye yearely for eu tho sayd some of twenty 
markes by equall porcons to such poore psons not exceedinge the nomber of sixe whoe shall make 
request at the sayd Mansion howse called Arnoldes or at the Chappell aforesaid for the same or 
some parte thereof, and shall also make proofe of their sayd lyniall discent or at the least bringe 
creadible certificate that theire Auncestors from whome they are lynially descended dyd bare the 
surname of Weld & that theire heires &c. & assigns shall lykewise paie yerely for ever by 
quarterly payment the some of twentie marks pcell of the sayd yearly rent unto the Curate of the 
sayd Chappell for the tyme beeinge nominated & appoynted thereto by me & myne heires & allso 
shall paye yearely for ever the some of tenn shillings to the Clarke or Sexton of the said Chappell 
for the time beinge, & allso oute of the rents & proffitts of the sayd lands shall gyve weekely for 
ever upon every saboth daye at the Chappell aforesaid unto twelve poore Wydowes or other poore 
persons residinge in Southstreet the some of twelve pence in breade & the Kesidue or ou'plus of the 
yearely rent of the lands or heriditaments soe purchased shall allowc & paye yearely fcr ever unto 
the ynhabitants of the sayd warde of Southstreet to be kept in Stocke for the necessarie repaire of 
the sayd Chappell or relief of the Curate as cause shall require, & in case it shall happen in anie 
yeare that noe request shalbo made w'hin the space of three monthe? next after the feaste daye of 
Sainte Mychall tharchangell of the sayd twenty Markes lymited to be payde yearely to my poore 
kindred that then they doe paye the sayd twentye Markes whereof such default of payment 
shall happen to be made in anie yeare unto the Curate of the sayd Chappell for the tyme 
beeinge towards his better mayneten a nee. Allso my Will is that my Executor doe 
paye unto those fyve cheefe Inhabitants of the sayd Warde in South street the some 
of Twentie pounds towards the purchase buylding or inlargement of a Dwellinge howse 
w l hin some place w'hin the sayd warde for the sayd Curate & his successors for ever 

E 2 



3G The Parish of East Barnet. 

Allso I doe will to the Churchwardens of Edmunton as a stocke term pounds for the benefitt of 
the Schoolem r of the Comon Schoolhowse wmin the sayd Towne. And also to the Churchwardens 
of Chippinge Barnett the lyke some as a stocke for the Schoolem r of the Comon Schoole there to 
be contynewed for ever, The residewe of all my goods Chattels monneyes & Credditts w c h shall in 
anie wise come unto the handes of my Executo r other then the rents & proffitts of those lands 
whereof I shall dye seased in possession revercon or Remaynder & whereof I shall dispose otherwise 
by this my last Will & my will & desier is that my Executor for the tyme beeinge doe disburse & 
laye forth w'hin the space of three yeares at the furthest after my decease upon some purchase of 
free lands Tenements or heriditaments to be conveyed estated & assured by good advise of Councell 
learned in the Lawe to my sayd Executo r & thou'seers of this my will & the survivors & survivor 
of them for & duringe the Terme of twentye yeares & after the expiracon of the sayd tenure to 
the issue Males of my body begotten, And for the default of such issue to my right heires. And 
my will & intent is that oute of the yearely rents & proffitts of the sayd lands &c. duringe the sayd 
Terme of twentye yeares & out of the yearely rents & proffitts of the mannor of Barnett whereof 
S r James Stonehouse, S r William Whitmore, George Whitmore, & John Weld stand now 
possessed for a certen nnmber of yeares yett to come in trust & confidence to my by 

■conveyance from one Anthony Butler of Cotes in the countye of Lyncolne esquire w c h estate <fc 
terme of yeares they have promised me to dispose as I shall appoynte Then shalbe paid & 
sattisfyed thereoute unto all & everye of my daughters Anne Marye ffraunces Margaret & Dorothy 
the some of Twelve hundred pounds a piece as she or they shall accomplishe her or theire 
respective full age of one & twentye yeares or dayes of Marriage shee or they beinge then of the 
age of eighteene years w c h shall first happen so as shee or they shalbe ruled in theire Marriage by 
theire Mother & ou'seers of this my last will And my will & intent further is that the residewe 
of the sayd yearely rents & proffitts of the sayd mannor lands & hereditaments all necessary charges 
deducted shall by them or the survyvor of them their Executors & administrators be equally 
devyded & payde to & amongst all & every my sonnes (my sonne & heire excepted) the parte of 
eu'ye one to be payed unto him respectively after his accomplishment of the age of one & twentye 
yeares And my will is that if anie of my sayd sons shall dye before the receipt of his sayd parte 
that then the same or so muche thereof as shalbe unpayde shall accrewe & be payde unto him or 
them that shall su'vive equally And yf they shall all decease before such payment then to my 
right heires And 1 doe make & ordaine Dame ffrancis my lovinge wyfe executrixe of this my last 
will duringe her wydowehoode, & yf shee marrye or dye then I make & ordayne my lovinge sonne 
Humfrey Weld executo r of this my will duringe his lyfe And yf he fortune to dye then I ordaine 
George my sonne to be mine executor And I doe make overseers of the execution thereof my 
lovinge Brethren in lawe S r James Stonehouse a knight S r William Whittmore knight George 
Whitmore Alderman & my lovinge cozen Mr. John Weld of London esquire & that my sayd 
overseers & the survyvor of them shall take letters of administration of my goods during the 
severall & respective mynorities of my said sonnes, allso I doe suffer one third parte of all my 
lands tenements & Heriditaments to descend unto my heire to the end his Ma tie may have ward- 

a A younger son of George Stonehouse, Esq. of Little Peckham, in Kent, merchant of the Staple, 
and one of the clerks of the green cloth, who purchased the estate of Radley, in Berkshire, by his 2nd 






The Parish of Bast Barnet. 37 

shipe & such duties as doe apertaine to his Highnes by the lawes & statuts of this realme. And I 
doe hereby Kevoke all former wills & Testaments whatsoeu r &c &c And now that greate Lorde 
that hath DeliVed me from all evill whose councell alone shall stand notw'hstanding the manifold 
Devises of the heart of man blesse my children blesse them w l h heavenly blessings from above & 
w l h blessings of the deepe w c h lyeth beneath w'h blessings of the brest & of the wombe that they 
may growe as fishe into a multitude & that as they growe in yeares soe they may allso growe in 
grace & favour w'h god & man. And the lord himselfe of peace gyve them peace allwayes by all 
meancs, & the same very god of peace sanctifye both me & them throughout And I doe humbly 
and hcrtyly pray god of his infinite mercy that our & everye of o r spirites & soules & bodies may 
be kept blameles unto the cominge of o r Lord Jesus Christ; even soe Lord Jesus, so be it. In 
witnes whereof I the sayd S r John Weld unto everye sheete of paper of this my last will & 
Testament conteyninge seavcnteenc sheetes I have put my hand unto this last sheete, my hand & 
scale the day and yeare first above wrytten. John Weld a 

As provided for in the preceding will, Courts were held in each succeeding 
year by Sir James Stonehouse knt., John Weld, William Whitmore and George 
Whitmore esquires, Peter Phesant b being Steward, until the death of the first 
named, 1 Dec. 1638, and afterwards by the three survivors. In 1641 and 1642 
Humphry Weld esq. held them and, between 28 July 1642 and 19 Aug. 1645, 
dame Prances Weld, widow. Her name is replaced in Sep. of the latter year 
by those of William Small and Thomas Urmston, a gentlemen, Stephen Phesant 

marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of Alderman David Woodroffe, and grandson of Robert Stonehouse, of 
Barsted, in Kent. Sir James, " an adventurer in the East India Company," was a gentleman of varied 
accomplishments, and had travelled in France, Italy, Spain, and Germany. His marriage articles with 
Anne Corbett, widow, the sister of Sir John Weld, were dated 20 Dec. 1G17. Morant's Essex, Depden, 
ii. 505, ed. of 1768. Will of David Woodroffe pr. P.C.C. 22 May, 1563; will of Elizabeth Woodroffe, 
his widow, pr. P.C.C. 11 Oct. 1572; will of Sir James Stonehouse, knt. pr. P.C.C. 4 Jan. 1638-9 

a Proved P.C.C. 8 Feb. 1G22-3 by dame Frances the relict. Book Swan, 20. 

b Elected Recorder of London 2 May 1643, but resigned 30 May, on the plea of ill health. 
Appointed a judge of the Common Pleas by the Parliament 30 Sep. 1645, and held the office at the 
time of the King's death. Died 1 Oct. 1649 at Upwood in Hunts, and was there buried. — Foss, Judges 
vi. 468. Obituary of Rich. Smyth. His will, dated 22 Sep. was pr. P.C.C. 9 Nov. 1649 by Stephen 
Phesant, the son, power being reserved to the widow. He names Sir Robert Berkeley as one of the 
overseers. Book Fairfax, 176. 

c Sir James Stonehouse d. 1 Dec. 1638, aged 73, and was bur. beneath a sumptuous monument at 
Depden in Essex. In his will, made several years previously, 13 Aug. 1631, c< in great sickness," he 
describes himself as of Islington co. Middx. and mentions his daughter Mary as " being very young." 
James, his only surviving son, was cr. a baronet in 1641, which baronetcy became extinct in 1695. 
Morant's Essex ii. 565. Burke's Ext. Bar. 

a Thomas Urmston gent, was elected governor of the Barnet Grammar School 6 Dec. 1652. He 
signed the minutes 19 March 1654, but his name is not in the list of 1661. 



38 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



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The Parish of East Bar net. 39 

acting as deputy steward. Stephen Phesant is Steward, 20 Apr. 1047, but on 24 
May 1648 Christopher Goodfellow esq. a fills the office, being succeeded in April 
1651 by Edward Peck esq., who had married Grace, the daughter of Mr. William 
Greene of East Barnet. 

When the connection of the Welds with the manor terminated is uncertain, 
as it is likely that Messrs. Small and Urmston were merely trustees. The name 
of the former is missing in April 1650, whilst the latter w r as still holding the 
Courts in March 1657, with Mr. Edward Peck as Steward. Lysons informs us, b 
quoting Chauncy's History of Hertfordshire, that by deed, dated 30 Apr. 1658, 
the manor was granted to Thomas Monday esq. and in 1665 aliened by him to 
John Elsome gent, who in the same year conveyed it to John Latten esq. In 
1687 it was sold to .Richard Haleys esq. and Thomas Marriot gent, in trust for 
John Nicoll of Hendon-place esq. who again transferred it, in 1695, to Sir 
Thomas Cooke. 

Sir Thomas Cooke was an alderman of London, who served the office of 
Sheriff, but was never Lord Mayor, and is stated to have mortgaged the manor 
the year after his purchase. His will, dated 6 Sep. 1709, a is restricted to a 
simple appointment of his wife and son as executors and, in 1720, John Cooke 
esq., the son, joined with the mortgagees in conveying it to James first duke of 
Chandos, who, as James Brydges esq. married at Westminster Abbey 27 Eeb. 
1695-6 e Mary daughter and eventually sole heiress of Sir Thomas Lake, knt. of 
Canons, Whitchurch, the parish which had Handel for its organist, who resided 
at Canons as Capellmeister. He succeeded as 9th lord Chandos, 16 Oct. 1714, 
and three days afterwards, on the occasion of George the Eirst's coronation, was 
created viscount Wilton and earl of Carnarvon, being raised to the highest rank 
in the peerage as marquis of Carnarvon and duke of Chandos 30 Apr. 1729. 
About the year 1712 this nobleman built the princely mansion, which has 
become almost a byword for the splendid extravagance lavished upon it, at a cost 
of 200,000// In his will, which bears the date 14 Apr. 1742,- surfeited it may 
be with grandeur, or struck with the vanities of u storied urn and animated 

a Son in law of Peter Phesant. The other daughters rnar. Mr. John Sotherton and Mr. Richard 
Cheney. Will of Peter Phesant, pr. P.C.C. 9 Nov. 1649. 

b Lysons, iv. 9, ed. of 1796; Clutterbuck i. 45, who has followed Channcy verbatim. 

c Thomas Cooke, alderman and goldsmith of London, was sheriff in 1692. Orridge. 

A Proved P.C.C. 4 Nov. 1709, by dame Elizabeth Cooke, the relict. 

e Chester's Westminster Abbey Registers, 33. 

s Lysons, iii. 406. « Proved P.C.C. with two codicils 4 Sep. 1744. Book Anstis,10.2. 



40 The Parish of East Bamet. 

bust," he desires " to be buried in the depositary made for that purpose under 
my figure in the New Monument Room at Whitchurch, near Canons in 
Middlesex, but with no more pomp nor expence than what mere decency 
requires and one hundred pounds at most will defray." The only reference to 
Barnet is a memorandum that his niece Catherine Brydges, daughter of his late 
brother Dr. Henry Brydges, is entitled to 1881/., "for which the new inclosures 
taken out of Barnet Common are a security." After his death the great house 
at Canons was pulled down, and the materials sold by auction in 1747. 

By virtue of an Act of Parliament, passed 21 Geo. II, by which part of the 
settled estates of Henry, duke of Chandos, were vested in trustees for sale, 
Francis Capper esq. and John Howell gent, both of Lincoln's Inn, as such 
trustees, conveyed to John Thomlinson, of the parish of Saint Thomas the 
Apostle in the city of London, merchant, in January 1747, for the sum of 
2630/., " all those the manors or lordships of East and Chipping Barnet, with 
the Court Leet, Court Baron &c. and all that the Toll of the market of Chipping 

Barnet aforesaid and all that the mineral water well on Barnet 

Common, and the use and benefit thereof late or formerly let to James 
Cadwallader &c." Mr. Thomlinson by his will, dated 31 Dec. 1763, and proved 
P.C.C. 19 Feb. 1767, gave to Mary his wife his capital messuage and all his 
lands at East Barnet for life, including a house then in the tenure of Major 
John Jefferys, with remainder to his only son John and his heirs, and with an 
ultimate remainder to John Thomlinson a esq. of Cley in Norfolk, whose brother 
Robert b and sisters Frances and Mary are likewise mentioned.' 1 In a codicil 

a Gentleman of H.M. Privy Chamber. Bur. in the Thomlinson vault, in East Barnet churchyard, as 
of Hertford St. May Fair, 27 Dec. 1792. His will, dated 18 June, was pr. P.C.C. 29 Dec. 1792. He 
died unm. 17 Dec. 1792, aged 59, possessed of landed property in Norfolk, the whole of which, including 
the manor and advowson of Cley, he entailed upon his brother, the Rev. Robert Thomlinson and his 
children. 

b Robert Thomlinson, of Christ's Coll. Camb. M.A. was appointed rector of Cley-by-the-Sea in May 
1761. (Gent.'s Mag.) By his wife Alice be had three sons, John Winn, who m. a dau. of Sir George 
Chad of Tbursford Hall, Norfolk, and left six daughters, coheiresses, Robert, and Richard, and three 
daughters, Louisa, Frances, and Mary Ann. Richard Chetham, who assumed the name and arms of 
Strode in 1827 and d. s. p. 19 July 1828, mar. Frances, the 2nd dau. Burke's Commoners ii. 119. 
Chetham- Strode. 

c Died unm. 30 Oct. 1780, aged 45. Bur. at East Barnet. Will pr. P.C.C. 29 Nov. 1780. Mrs. 
Mary Thomlinson, of East Barnet, in her will, calls her a cousin. 

d They were the children, by his wife Ann, together with two other sons William and Richard, of 
Richard Thomlinson of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, merchant, whose will was pr. P.C.C. 29 Nov. 1743. 






The Parish of East Barnet. 



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42 The Parish of East Barnet. 

signed with a mark, 5 Jan. 1767, a few days before his death on 28 Jan. a 
reference is made to a cottage at East Barnet, where one John Howard kept 
a school, and he devises the same to his son and the rector for the time being in 
trust, that it may continue to be so nsed. John Thomlinson the younger, 
M.P. for Steyning, described in his will as of Queen Street, in the city of 
London esq. only survived his father three days, dying 1 Feb. 1767, b and by his 
second wife Margaret, to whom he devised his manor of Marshalls at Cuckfield 
in Sussex for life, left an only child, Mary, born 10 May 1764, who, upon the 
decease of her grandmother Mrs. Mary Thomlinson, 28 Dec. 1771, succeeded to 
the estate. This lady, whose will bears the date 9 Jan. 1771, desired that she 
might be buried with her Jate husband and son, a marble slab to be laid on 
brick work over the vault, and the whole inclosed with iron rails, not to be 
opened again unless for her grand-daughter, when she should depart this life. 
To her niece, Mrs. Prances Allen, she leaves " her snuff box, with her late dear 
son's first wife's picture therein." 

By indentures of Lease and Release, 23 and 24 May 1785, Mary Thomlinson, 
therein described as of Addington Place, Surrey, spinster, only child of John 
Thomlinson of Bucklersbury, London, merchant, deceased, resettles the property 
for the purpose of vesting the freehold in herself absolutely, and suffers recoveries* 
in which the premises are set out as " the Manors of Chipping Barnet and East 
Barnet, with the appurtenances, and 8 messuages, 8 gardens, 220 acres of land, 
220 of meadow, 220 of pasture, 250 of furze and heath, Courts Leet, Courts 
Baron, and the Market and Pairs of Chipping Barnet, and Tollage d Piccage 
and Stallage f in the said Market and Pairs, with the appurtenances, in Chipping 
Barnet, East Barnet and Totteridge. 

Upon the marriage of Miss Thomlinson with Edward Beeston Long, at the 

a John Thomlinson, the elder, was hur. at East Barnet, 4 Feb. 1767, Par. Reg. 

b Bur. at East Barnet 8 Feb. 1767. Par. Eeg. Will dated 12 Apr. 1765 ; pr. P.C.C. 13 Feb. 
1767 by Barlow Trecothick and Laurence Holker. Barlow Trecothick, an alderman of London, was sheriff 
in 1765 and Lord Mayor in 1770. 

c Pr. P.C.C. 16 Jan. 1772. 

ll Tollage or Tallage (Tallagium) Toll or tax. From the French taille, signifying a piece cut out of 
the whole. Cowel ; Holthouse's Law Diet. 

e Pickage. A duty or toll payable for picking holes in the lord's ground in a market place, for 
inserting the posts of the stalls therein erected. Holthouse, ut supr. 

f Stallage. A toll or duty payable for the liberty of erecting a stall in a fair or market. Holthouse, 
ut supr. 



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41 The Parish of East Barnct. 

parish church of St. Marylebone, 20 Feb. 1786, the property was once more 
made the subject of strict settlement. There was then conveyed to trustees, 
inter alia, " all that the Market to be kept and holden within Barnett aforesaid 
upon every Monday weekly and every week in every year for ever, and also all 
those two Pairs to be kept in Barnett, otherwise called Chipping Barnet, alias 
High Barnett, yearly and every year for ever with the Court of Pie Powder a 
to be holden in Barnett aforesaid during the time of the said fairs and markets." 
Mrs. Long b having predeceased her husband, he became lord of the manor 
during his life, c and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Henry Lawes 
Long, who had married, 25 July 1822, the lady Catharine Walpole, youngest 
daughter of Horatio, 2nd earl of Orford. Mr. Long sold the manor in 1834 to 
Sir William Henry Richardson a knt. of Chessel House, Southampton, who, at 
his death, 13 Sep. 1848, was succeeded therein by his eldest son, William Henry 
Richardson, esq. of the same, the present lord. 



CHURCH HILL HOUSE AND TREVOR PARK. 

The earliest dweller on the church hill, of whom we have any precise men- 
tion, was one of the numerous family of Rolfe. In a beautifully written Subsidy 
List, of the reign of Philip and Mary, we find the name of Thomas Rolfe, de 
church hyll, assessed at £6 in bonis.' What habitations may have stood on this 
elevation at an early period we have no means of ascertaining, but the site of 
Trevor Park is still distinguishable on the brow of the hill, to the right as one 
approaches the church, and somewhat to the east of the residence recently 
erected by Lieut. -Col. William James Gillum, a philanthropic gentleman who, 
for several years, has devoted time, energy, and fortune, — in short the best 
powers of his life, — to the useful Institution f located at Church Earm, adjoining 
the church yard, for the training, maintenance, and education of destitute boys 

a Court of Pie-Poudre (curia pedis pulrerisati). A court held in fairs, to do justice to buyers and 
sellers, and for the redress of disorders committed therein. It is so called because the time of year when 
it was held being summer, the suitors came with dusty feet, Cowel; Holthouse, ut supr. 

b Bur. at E. B. 26 March 1818. c Bur. at E. B. 27 Sep. 1825. 

d Sheriff of London and Middlesex in 1829. 

c Lay Subsidies, Record Office, Ph. and Mar. *|i. 

1 The Boys' Farm Home, founded in 1860. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 45 

not convicted of crime. Near the church may have stood the ancient manor 
house, but this is no longer capable of proof. a Mr. Hadley is stated to have 
pulled down an old building on this spot, and to have built elsewhere. How the 
designation of Manor House came to be afterwards applied to a mansion con- 
tiguous to the rectory will be explained in its place. 

On 30 Apr." 32 Eliz. John Coleman and Katherine his wife surrendered Great 
Kitchinfield at East Barnet to Paul Eoxe and his wife Margaret, who, 15 Apr. 
33 Eliz. had a licence to let the same for 21 years. They surrendered, 14 June, 
43 Eliz. unu messuagiu cu gardino pxime adiacen. pcell de Arrowes, et adiacen. 
Ecclie de East Barnett, together with Kitchinfield, to John Beech and his wife. 
Between this date and 19 Apr. 8 James there is a gap in the records, but on 23 
Apr. 1612 we have it presented that, on the 10 of the preceding October; 1 a licence 
was granted to Thomas Conyers, of London, esq. to demise " a capital messuage 
with its appurtenances newly built (de novo edificat.) in East Barnett, commonly 
called Churchill house, and likewise 35 acres of land or pasture now divided and 
inclosed within 4 separate closes, of which 2 are styled Kitchinfields, another 
Hagdale, 6 and the last Churchfield, which said messuage and the rest of the 
premisses are in the tenure or occupation of Peter Palmer, of London, haberdasher, 
or his assigns for and during the term of 15 years commencing at Michaelmas 
last." It would thus appear that Mr. Conyers was the original builder of the 
mansion, which, as will be seen, was for a time tenanted by lady Arabella 
Seymour (better known as lady Arabella Stuart) and at a later period received 
the designation of Trevor Park. 

Towards the close of Elizabeth's reign, Mr. Thomas Conyers was perhaps the 
personage of chiefest consequence at East Barnet. In the 39 Eliz. which was 
presumably about the time that he first settled in the parish, his assessment was 
the highest there/ He was the son of John Conyers esq. of London, and of 
Brodholme co. Nottingham, auditor of the Prests," and brother of Elizabeth, 
the first wife of Alexander Pym of Brymore in Somersetshire, father, by a 

a Lysons, iv. 10. b Cur. Rot. Maner. 

c Cur. Rot. Maner. 15 Apr. 44 Eliz. d Cur. Rot. Maner. 

e Vide supr. p. 18. Will of Richard Rowlfe. 

f Lay Subsidies 39 Eliz. East Barnett l|i, Thomas Conyers gen. in bonis x 1 '. 

s Auditors of the Imprest. Officers of the Exchequer, who audit or make up the great accounts of 
Ireland, Berwick, the Mint, and of any money imprested to any man for the King's service. Cowel. 
Holthouses Law Diet. The site and house of the Priory of Brodholme, and all the demesne lands &c. 
were granted 30 June, 6 Eliz. to John Conyers and William Haber gentlemen and their heirs, of the 
yearly value of £10 10*. 4c?. Thoroton's Hist, of Nottinghamshire, i. 388. 



46 The Parish of East Barnet. 

second marriage, of John Pym, a the leader of the Commons in the Long Par- 
liament. In conjunction with his connection by marriage, William Cholmeley 
esq. whose name appears in the assessment for East Barnet, 7 Janies, b Mr. Thomas 
Conyers was appointed, 2 Apr. 1606, to the office of bailiff of St. Albans c for life, 
In the Minute Book of the Barnet Grammar School, his name occurs for the 
first time in the list of Governors, 24 Feb. 1608. 

The will of his father, John Conyers, may be taken as a fair sample of the 
last wishes of an educated Englishman of that period, " wrytten with myne owne 
hande." d 

In the name of god Amen. The sixte day of Julye in the yeare of our Lorde god One 
thowsande six hundreth. fforasmuch as it is decreed by the eternall judgment of Allmightie god 
that all creatures must and shall die, And as nothing is more certaine than death ; soe there is 
nothing more uncertaine than the time and place which god hath onely reserued to his owne 
prouidence : To th'end that we should by his grace and mercie direct the course of our lives in 
such sorte as we mighte alwaies be founde ready and well p'pared to die whensoeu it shall be his 
pleasure to call us oute of this life : Therefore I John Conyers of London esquire callinge to my 
remembraunce that it is nott the least duetie for a Xpian man knowing this uncertaintie of life to 
take order whiles he is in best health for disposing of such landes and goodes as it shall please 
god to make him owner of, as well for discharginge his owne conscience, as for the p'venting of 
such troubles unkindnesses and controversies as doe comonlie growe when no such order is taken, 
doe the daie and yere abouesaide in the feare of almightie god and I truste by his specall assistaunce 
mercie and grace make this my last will and testamente in manner and forme followinge: first I 
commende my sowle to the holie and blessed Trinity That is to saie, to god the father god 
the sonne and god the holie ghoaste and yet not thre gods but one god without begynning or 
endinge who in the pson of his sonne Jesus Christe hath redemed my sowle from the tyranny of 
the devill and from everlastinge dampnacon by the merits onely of his bitter death and passion 
and by the same onely I truste to be saued and beleve to have remission of all my synnes and to 
be made ptaker of his gloriouse p'sence and eulastinge Kingdom And whensoever it shall please 
god to take me out of this transitorie life I will that my body shall be buried in the vaulte e where 

a Born at Brymore in 1584; matriculated at Broadgate Hall, Oxford, 18 May 1599 ; married, circa 
1614, Anne, daughter of John Hooker esq. who died in 1620 ; died at Derby House, in Canon Row, 
Westminster, 8 Dec. 1643, and on the 13th was bur. in the Abbey. His remains were disinterred by the 
royal warrant of 9 Sep. 1661. Lives of Eminent British Statesmen by John Forster, Lardner's Cabinet 
Cyclopaedia, iii. 1 ; Harl. MS. 1385, f. 21; Visitation of Somersetshire 1573 ; Harl MS. 1559, f. 516 ; 
Chester's Westminster Abbey Registers, 522 ; Clarendon's Hist, of the Rebellion. 

b Lay Subsidies 7 Jac. gfi Thomas Coniers esquicr, in terr. x 11 ; William Cholmeley esquier, in 
bonis x 1! . c State Papers Dom. Jac. 1. Ind. Wt. Bk. p. 61. 

(1 Proved P.C.C. 25 Jan. 1604-5, by Thomas the son, sole executor. Book Hayes, 3. 

e Mrs. Katherine Conyers was bur. in St. Botolph's, Aldersgate, 7 Dec. 1597, and he, in the same 
church, 25 Oct. 1604. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 47 

my wief is buried trustinge most assuredlie that it shall rise againe and that these eyes of mine 
shall behoulde my Lorde and saviour Jesus Christe, And I doe beseache almightie god to forgive 
me all my sinnes which I have committed by worde thoughte or deede, And I doe forgive all the 
worlde, beseaching almightie god to forgive them and me at the later daie, first I doe give to 
fouretie of the most poorest and moste neediest men dwelling within the parish of sainte Bottolphes 
withoute Aldersgate every one of them a gowne. Item I doe give unto my Ladie Allet a And 
mistres Sotherton either of them one ringe, Item I doe give unto Mr. Baron Sotherton, b who hath 
shewed me maine curtesies and kindnes, twentie Angells. Item I doe give unto my sister Pyme, c 
my daughter Conyers, my sonne Cholmeley d and his wife, my sonne Sotherton e and his daughter, 
my sonne Williams and his wife, my neece Palmer/ my sister Conyers, my nephew Andleby and 
his wife, my nephew Smith and his wife, my late trustie servaunte Frauncis Gofton ° and to 
Frauncis Shawe and his wife eu'ye one of them a gowne cloth. Item I doe give unto my clerks 
and my Butler that shall be with me when I doe die every one of them a cloake, And to mother 
Rogers and my maide either of them a gowne cloth And to mother Rogers tenn poundcs in money. 
Item I doe give unto my poore neece Andleby fower poundes a yeare for terme of her life to be 
paied unto her owne handes and to be paide oute of the mannor of Walesby in the Countie 

a Dame Anne Allott, widow of Henry Mcllish, eldest brother of Mrs. Katherine Conyers, m. 2ndly 
Sir John Allott knt. citizen and fishmonger, lord mayor in 1590. She dates her will, being then resident 
at Sanderstead in Surrey, having lost her sight but being whole of body, 7 March 1615-G, and desires 
to be buried in " the church of St. Margarett Moyses in ffrydaye streete, in the same vault with my late 
husband S r John Allott knight deceased." Pr. P.C.C. 10 Jan. 1617-8 by Robert Mellish the son. Book 
Meade, 3. 

b John Sotherton, one of the barons of the Exchequer, and elder bro. of Nowell Sotherton. They 
were the sons of John Sotherton of Norwich, 3rd son of Thomas Sotherton of Ludham, Norfolk. He 
d. 26 Oct. and was bur. 2 Nov. 1G05. Harl. MS. 1463, f. 49. Visitation of London. 

c Agnes, the eldest daughter of Robert Mellish, and sister of Mrs. Conyers, m. Thomas Pymme and 
had three daughters Jane, Anne and Elizabeth. Will of Robert Mellish her father. 

d William Cholmeley, 3rd son of Jasper Cholmeley of Highgate (d. Tues. 31 Oct. 1587, bur. at 
Ludgate. Will dated 12 Sep. 1586, pr. P.C.C. 17 Feb. 1587-8 by John the eldest son. Book Rutland, 
17), m. Katherine daughter of Alexander Pym of Brymore by his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Conyers. Harl. MS. 1551, f. 99. Visitation of Middlesex. 

e Nowell Sotherton, one of the barons of the Exchequer after his brother, m. Timothy daughter of 
Mrs. Katherine Conyers by her 1st husband, Anthony Williams, and by her had an only child Katherine, 
who m. Thomas Eliott of Belhus and Stamford Rivers in Essex and had a son John. The will of Nowell 
Sotherton, dated 15 Sep. 1608, was pr. P.C.C. 24 May 1610 by Katherine Eliott the daughter, power 
being reserved to John Eliott the grandson, who pr. 12 June 1654. Book Wingfield, 38. 

1 Luce, the 4th daughter of Robert Mellish, m. Lawrence Palmer and had a daughter Margaret. 
Will of Robert Mellish. 

g 17 July 1597. Grant made to Francis Gofton of one of the two offices of Auditor of the Prests ; 
State Papers Dom. In a list of justices of the peace of the county of Surrey in 1623 occurs the name of 
Sir Francis Gofton knt. Add. MS. 14311 f. 76. Visitation of Surrey, 1623. 



48 The Parish of East Bar net. 

of Lincolne. Item I doe give unto my grand-childe Katherine Cholmeley one hundreth markes 
to make her porcon one thowzand marks of my guift. And to her sonne fourtie poundes. 
Item I doe give unto my daughter in lawe fourtie poundes. And to her thre daughters 
one thowzand poundes according to a bonde wherein I stande bounde to one Brian Askwith a 
of Osgarby in the Countie of Yorke deceased. Item I doe give unto my brother Edwarde 
Conyers children viz. Raph Conyers And to his two sisters Smith and Symons five pounds 
a peece. Item I doe give unto my poore Neece Andlebyes children five pounde a peece. 
Item I doe give unto my sonne Williams children and my Neece Palmers children every one 
of them five marks. Item I doe give unto my grand-child Katherine Ellyot whose mother 
and she were alwaies kindlie towards me tenn poundes And to her son five pounde. Item I 
doe give unto my sonne Williams tenn pounds. Item 1 doe give unto my frende Mrs. Shawe 
whoe hath alwaies bin loving and kinde to me and my wief tenn pounde. Item I doe give unto 
my clerkes Thomas Hutton who hath served me faithfullie and painfullie twentie pounde, And to 
John Wotton who hath served me longe twentie marks. Item I doe give unto my grand-child 
Katherine Conyers b her grand-mothers chaine. Item I doe give for the mending of the high 
waies in Bedfordsheire one hundreth pounds according to the Ladie Gascoigne her will Soe as my 
sonne may quietly enioye her lands in Yorksheire without anie more suite or trouble. And where 
there hath bin a mocon made for bringing of Cundith water out of the fieldes by pipes of leade to 
a Cundith to be made in Aldersgate streete I doe by this my will give one hundreth pounds when 
the work shall be begon and finished : soe as it is docn within seaven yeares nexte after my 
decease, whereof I would have my sonne carefull for the pforming thereof. Item I doe give unto 
my sonne Sotherton unto whom I have bin behoulding manie waies twentie poundes, And I doe 
make him Supvisor of this my will prayeing him to be aydinge and assistinge unto my sonne 
whom I doe make Executo r of this my last will. Item I doe give unto my brother Edward 
Conyers two daughters five marks a peece. Item I bequeath unto my sonne one of my poor 
Neece Andlebyes children to be broughte up. And I commaunde my sonne of my blessinge to 
see this my will pformed for I shall by god's grace leave him sufheiente to performe the same, 
And soe I make an end and will pray to god to blesse him and send him of his grace. In witnes 
whereof I have wrytten this my last will with myne owne hande and putt to my seale the day 
and yeare aforesaide. Jo : Conyers. 

The residence of Mr. Thomas Conyers was the scene of the historical episode 
of Lady Arabella Stuart's detention, and from this house, 3 June, 1611, she 
made her escape with the design of quitting the country with her husband. 
Considerable mystery still surrounds her history, rather attaching to the 
motives by which the principal actors in it were influenced, than in relation to 
the facts themselves, about which there is comparatively little contention. Even 

a Thomas Conyers, the son of John Conyers, m. Isabel daughter of Brian Askwith or Askew. 
b Married Sir John Bolles. See pedigree. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 49 

the spelling, and with the spelling the pronunciation, of her name is attended 
with uncertainty. She signs herself Arbella, and the name is so written in 
almost every contemporary document. For the conventional form we are in 
some measure indebted to the courteous Puritan minister, Melvin, who, himself 
a prisoner there, greeted Seymour, upon his committal to the Tower, with the 
couplet : — 

Communis tecum mihi causa est carceris; Ara- 
Bella tibi causa est, araque Sacra mihi. 

A living historian a has with justice said, " There can be no greater proof of 
the indistinct notions on the important subject of personal liberty which still 
prevailed in England, than the complete indifference with which Englishmen 
heard of the harsli treatment to which Arabella Stuart had been subjected by 
the King." Standing towards James the Eirst in the relationship of first 
cousin, her name had from time to time been coupled with that of almcst every 
eligible prince in Europe, who was supposed to be desirous of matrimony, and 
she was, perhaps, sacrificed to what have been well styled the graves principum 
amicitias. b This lively and accomplished lady, to whom, notwithstanding the 
vivacity of her temperament, as shewn in her correspondence, the childish 
frivolities of Anne of Denmark's Court were essentially wearisome and dis- 
tasteful, had, so early as the commencement of the year 1603, been arrested by 
order of Elizabeth, on the charge of attempting to betroth herself to William 
Seymour, second son of Edward, Lord Beauchamp, and grandson of Edward d 
Seymour, Earl of Hertford, eldest son of the Protector Somerset, a mere boy in 

a S. R. Gardiner, Hist, of England, ii. 1. 

b The elder D'Israeli, in his Curiosities of Literature, 2nd series, vol. i. 253, has devoted an essay to 
the subject, entitled, The loves of ' The Lady Arabella.' 

c William Seymour, educated at Magd. Coll. Oxford, became, by the death of his elder brother 
Edward, heir to the family honours. After his escape from the Tower in 1G11, he resided in Flanders 
until the year 1G21, when he succeeded to the earldom of Hertford. In 1640 he was created marquis of 
Hertford, and in Sep. 1660, after the Restoration, duke of Somerset, only a month before his death. He 
married, secondly, Frances, daughter of Thomas Devereux, earl of Essex, sister and co-heiress of Robert, 
earl of Essex, the parliamentary general. A daughter of this marriage was named Arabella. Lodge's 
Portraits, vol. iii. Curiosities of Literature. 

d Edward Seymour, earl of Hertford, married lady Katharine Grey, sister of lady Jane Grey, and 
second daughter of Henry Grey, duke of Suffolk, by Frances Brandon, elder daughter of Charles Brandon, 
duke of Suffolk, by Mary Tudor, younger sister of Henry YIII. and widow of Louis XII. of France. 
The descendants of the earl of Hertford were consequently in the line of succession to the English throne, 
on a failure of the Stuarts. 



50 The Parish of East JBarnet. 

age, though, it is said, of a thoughtful and studious disposition. She was 
considerably his senior, having already attained her 27th year. On the occasion 
of Queen Elizabeth's funeral she returned a spirited refusal to the request 
that she would act as chief mourner, replying that, " Sith hir accesse to the 
Queene (in her life time) might not be permitted, she would not (after her 
death) be brought upon the Stage for a publiek spectacle." a 

Shortly before Christmas 1609, she was once more brought before the 
Council, probably owing to a rumour that she was contemplating marriage. 
James had political reasons for regarding any foreign alliance, that she might 
form, with disfavour, and was characteristically irritated at the idea of such a 
design being entertained without his privity and sanction. Previous to granting 
her release he consented, however, as she supposed, to withdraw his opposition, 
provided the person selected were a subject. Had James been as far-seeing as 
he was suspicious, he would, doubtless, have qualified the unguarded concession, 
for on the following Candlemas Day, 1609-10, Arabella was suspected of having 
pledged her hand to young William Seymour, perhaps the only Englishman to 
whom an objection would have been raised. In spite of a promise extorted from 
them to renounce the engagement, they were clandestinely married at Greenwich 
early in the month of June of the same year. b The step they had taken did not 
remain long undiscovered, and on the 9 of July Seymour was committed to the 
Tower, and the lady Arabella to the custody of Sir Thomas Parry, chancellor of 
the Duchy of Lancaster, at Lambeth. It was not unusual, during the reign of 
Elizabeth, for persons of distinction, when their detention was determined upon 
for reasons of state, to be consigned to the care of some nobleman or gentleman, 
who, though compensated for the unwelcome obligation, was held in a manner 
responsible for the safe custody of the individual placed in his keeping. James 
followed the same course in this instance ; and thus matters stood until the 
following year, when, owing possibly to a discovery that, through the laxity or 
by the connivance of their guardians, intercourse between the husband and wife 
was only partially interrupted, a change was resolved upon. 

A royal warrant was despatched from Royston to the bishop of Durham, 
13 March, 1610-11, committing the lady to his custody for removal to Durham, 

a Sloane MS. 718, f. 39. 

b Gardiner, Hist, of England, ii. 5. Sloane MS. 4161, f. 26, " a few days after the end of May." 
c William James, consecr. bishop of Durham 7 Sep. 1606; died 12 May, 1617. Sloane MS. 4161, 
f. 51. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 51 

instructions being furnished simultaneously for the payment of all necessary 
charges.* Two days later, 15 March, 1 ' an order was issued by the Council, from 
Whitehall, to Sir Thomas Parry, requiring him to hand the lady over to the 
bishop. Another order of the same c date was sent to alderman Sir William 
Bond or, in Sir William's absence, to the lady his wife, at Highgate, requesting 
him to lend a couple of chambers for one night's lodging for the lady Arabella 
Seymour, " because wee doubte the Innes there are full of inconvenience," and 
she " cannot convenientlie recover Barnett," the first stage northwards, " some 
things being wantinge for her journeye this afternoone." It is observable that 
both these warrants bear the signature of her uncle, Gilbert earl of Shrewsbury. 
Between 10 and 11 she reached Highgate in her litter, and on the following clay 
(Saturday) the bishop wrote to certify that he had received his charge at 
Lambeth, and conveyed her safely thus far. He describes her weak and ailing 
condition, and states that she will not consent to proceed at once on her 
journey. Dr. Mountford, the physician who had accompanied her, took the 
opportunity to forward a statement of his own, which induced James to send 
Dr. Hammond, his own physician, to report whether her indisposition were real 
or feigned. The bishop writes again to Lord Salisbury, 21 March, but this time 
from Barnet, to announce their arrival that day, and sends his own servant, 
because the postmaster refused to despatch an express. He incloses a letter to 
the Council, informing them that lady Arabella was very ill on the journey, 
thanking them, at the same time, for sending Sir James Croft to relieve him of 
his responsibility, and notes that her extreme reluctance to proceed compelled 
the use of the means prescribed, whicli were employed, he remarks, with all 
decency and respect — expressions which seem to indicate a certain amount of 
compulsion/ 1 On the 22, the earl of Shrewsbury c writes to Dr. Mountford from 
Whitehall that " Serjeant Minors Teporteth how very hardly the few miles you 
travelled yesterday was overcome." The King had observed that day, he adds, 
upon hearing that she was carried in a bed, " that it was enough to make a 
sound man sick." 

a Warrant Bk. ii. p. 196. b Sloane MS. 4161. 

c Sloane MS. 4161. 

d State Papers Dom. Vol. lxii. On 17 Apr. the bishop writes from Trinity College, Cambridge 
" To the right wor 11 my vere lovinge friends S r James Crofte and M r Doct el " Mountford att East Barnett — 
theis w th speed," and tells them how he had been taken ill in Enfield Chace, when on his way to Boyston 
to see the King. Sloane MS. 4161. 

■ Sloane MS. 4161. 

g2 



52 The Parish of Bast Barnet. 

At Barnet she was lodged at one of the inns, where, notwithstanding the 
shortness of her stay, a charge of thirty shillings was incurred "for glasses 
broken and in rewardes to the meaner servauntes," but arrangements were 
entered into for an early removal to East Barnet and, on 31 March, Sir James 
Croft writes to Salisbury from that place, a that the lady Arabella dressed herself 
as well as her extreme weakness would permit, and shewed readiness to remove, 
but could not, because nothing was prepared for her at Mr. Conyers'. She had 
a violent attack, he goes on to say, in the head. On 2 Apr. he communicates 
with the Council from East Barnet, b apprizing them that, on the previous day, 
she had moved from Barnet to Mr. Conyers' house, but was extremely ill on the 
way, and once more addresses the Council on the 17 Apr. asking for further 
instructions for the journey to Durham. She is somewhat better and 
lightsomer, he informs them, but has not yet walked the length of her chamber, 
and is full of fears about going so far off. We afterwards learn from a letter 
written from East Barnet by Serjeant Mynors' 1 to Sir James Croft, on Saturday 
28 Apr. that the following Monday was fixed for her departure. She continued, 
nevertheless, at East Barnet for several weeks longer, and the delay was turned 
to account in communicatiug with her relatives and in making preparations for 
an escape. 

The account still extant of the charges incurred in her detention, between 
15 March and 7 June inclusive, shews at the same time both the jealous 
vigilance of the supervision and the lavish expenditure which it entailed. 
During her stay in the secluded village, provision was made that her spiritual 
needs should be ministered to by Mr. Matthias Milward, the rector of the 
parish, who received £5 for his services in reading prayers and preaching, and 
we learn from the document that he was one of the Prince of Wales's chaplains. 
We likewise gather from the same source of information that, besides heavy- 
posting charges between Barnet and Whitehall for instructions, there Avas a 
considerable outlay for stable expenses at East Barnet, including the hire 
of a coach in which it may be presumed she, When so minded, was permitted to 
take the air, though the country lanes of that day and the forest tracks of 
Enfield Chase would scarcely have allowed such excursions to be either distant 
or frequent. 

a State Papers Dom. Vol. Ixii. b State Papers Dom. Vol. lxiii. 

c State Papers Dom. Vol. lxiv. 

d Serjeant Henry Mynors, one of the functionaries placed in charge of her, was a kinsman of Sir 
James Croft's. Sloane MS. 4161. . 



The Parish of East Barnet. 53 

Tuesday, 4 June, was the day finally appointed for the resumption of her 
journey northwards and, for some days previously, with the ohject of disarming 
suspicion, she had affected to abandon all idea of further opposition to the royal 
will. By Monday, 3 June, her plans were matured. Supplied, as there was 
good reason to surmise, with the necessary funds by her aunt lady Shrewsbury, 
who was indeed credited with having contrived the whole arrangement, she 
secured the connivance of one of her attendants, a minister's wife named Adams, 
under the plea of simply desiring to pay a clandestine visit to her husband 
previously to setting off for the north, — an excuse to which, it is stated, the 
woman in question gave implicit credence. The success of the scheme clearly 
depended upon happily combined action on the part of both husband and wife, 
and this had been carefully provided for. Seymour was to accomplish his egress 
from the Tower simultaneously with lady Arabella's flight from the house of 
Mr. Conyers and, having met at Blackwall and gone on board a ship lying in 
readiness for them in the river, they hoped to reach the Continent unmolested. 

In the meantime, Hugh Crompton, a confidential friend or servant, who had 
been present at their marriage, conveyed a disguise to Church Hill House and 
instructed the lady in the procedure to be followed. Having accordingly drawn 
a pair of great French-fashioned hose over her petticoats, put on a man's 
doublet, a large peruke with long locks, such as was worn by cavaliers, a black 
hat, a black cloak, russet boots with red tops, and with a rapier at her side, she 
sallied forth between 3 and 4 of the afternoon of June 3, accompanied by 
Mr. William Markham one of her attendants. a Turning to the right, on 
quitting the house, and passing the church, they followed the quiet and 
picturesque lane which leads to Betstile and, after walking a mile and a half, 
reached a " sorry Inne," where Crompton awaited them with horses. The 
precise road taken has not been recorded, but the distance specified points 
to either Southgate or Colney Hatch as the spot to which the horses had been 
brought, whilst the former lay more obviously than the latter in the direct line 
to Blackwall. The excitement of the occasion, added to the fatigue of the 
unaccustomed walk, nearly frustrated the success of the adventure at the outset. 
The lady could scarcely mount her horse for faintness. ' That gentleman will 
hardly reach London,' was the remark of the ostler as he held her stirrup. 
Astride, however, upon a strong gelding, the unwonted motion soon brought the 
blood to her face and the three riders arrived at Blackwall about six o'clock. 

a Mr. John Moore to Sir Ralph Winwood, English envoy at Brussels, 8 June 1611. 



54 The Parish of East Barnet. 

The continuation of the story scarcely belongs to our present purpose. How- 
Seymour failed to join her and, after waiting an hour and a half for him, she 
set off in an open boat with her companions, how she succeeded in embarking in 
a French ship off Leigh about 4 a.m. on Tuesday morning, how Court and 
Council were thrown into a state of wild consternation and the hue and cry were 
raised the moment her evasion was discovered, how she was recaptured by a 
fast-sailing craft the same afternoon, half channel over, and committed to the 
Tower never to repass its walls alive, will be found in the histories of the day, 
but have no immediate connection with East Barnet. a It will therefore be 
sufficient to add that Seymour did not effect his escape from the Tower until 
8 o'clock and, having joined his friend Edward P^odney and rowed down the 
river, boarded a collier bound for Newcastle, the master of which consented for a 
bribe of £40 to alter his course and carry the fugitives to Calais. A contrary 
wind, however, baffled them and, after having been in the first instance driven 
back to Harwich, they were eventually compelled to bear up for Ostend, where 
they landed at 8 a.m. on the following Eriday. Seymour remained on the 
Continent for several years and did not return to England until 1621. b 

The following extracts c from " The Declaration of the Accompte of Nicholas 
Pay, gentleman, appoynted by warraunte of the right honorable the lordes of the 
Kinges ma ts Privie Councell, to receave & yssue sondrye somes of money for 
the provycon of dyett and other chardges of the ladye Arbella Seymour, whoe by 
his hignes comaundemente and pleasure shoulde have bene removed into the 
countye Palatyne of Duresme, under the chardge of the Ileverende Eather in 
God Will'm lorde Bishopp of Duresme; but after was stayed and appointed to 
remayne at Eastbarnett duringe his hignes good pleasure," contain an account '' 
of all the expenses incurred at this period, including all sums of money 
" receaved and yssued ffroni the xiiij th daye of Marche 1610, e untill the vij th daye 
of June 1611," and the account itself " was taken and declared before the right 
honorable Hoberte earle of Salisbury, Lord Highe Threas of Englande and 
S r Julius Caesar, knighte, Chancellor and Under Threas of Th'exchequer the 
xij th of Efebruary 16U (1611—12)." 

a When lady Arabella was taken, £368 in gold and some jewels were seized upon her person and in 
the company. Sloane MS. 4161, f. 76. 
b Vide supra p. 49 note. 

c See Notes and Queries, No. 1, p. 10, Nov. 3, 1849. Contributed by Mr. Peter Cunningham. 
11 Preserved in the Audit Office. c That is to say, March 1610-11. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 55 

" Allowed for money payde for Dyett, lodginge & other necessarie chardges & expences of the 
said ladye Arbella Seymour & suche p'sons as were appointed to attende her in her journey into 
the Countie Palatyne of Duresme : as hereafter followeth : 

" At Higbgate for sixe days begonne the xv th daye of Marche 1610 & ended the xxj st of 
the same month, on w e h day her ladishipp removed to Barnet xviij' 1 . v s . iij d . 

" At Barnett for xj th dayes begonne the xxj 3t of Marche 1610 & ended the first of Aprill 
1611, being that daye removed to Estbarnett - - - lxxj 11 . v s . viij d . 

" Cbardges of the Stable for the xvij en dayes abovemenconed - xxxviij 1 '. x s . ix d . 

" Lodginge of some of the retinewe of the lady Arbella & the said lord Bishopp, & for 
other necessaries duringe the xvij dayes aforesaid - xij 1 '. xix s . 

" Ryding & postinge chardges — viz. for posthorses from Lambeth to Highgate & from 
thence to Barnett. To Mr. Beeston & others for their chardges three severall tymes to 
Barnett from London & from Highgate. To the servauntes of the lord bishp of 
Duresme sente at severall tymes to the lordes of the Councell & for other businesses 
concerninge this service ; & to Sir James Crofte, knight, for the chardges of himselfe, 
his men, & horses attendinge at London in this service - - ix i; . xviij s . vj d . 

" Kewardes to sondrye p'sons, viz. to messengers sent from the Courte during the staye of 
the Lorde Bishopp at Highgate & Barnett. To diverse p'sons who tooke paynes at 
Higbgate & Barnett. Geven in the Inne for glasses broken & in rewardes to the meaner 
servauntes at Barnett, xxx s . &c. 

In all the some of xij h . ix s . vj d . 

" Also allowed to the sayd Accomptaunte for money his owne handes yssued & payde in this 
service from the tyme of her ladishipp's removinge from the Inne in Barnett to the house of 
Thomas Conyers esquier in Estbarnett, as hereafter is menconed : 

" Expences of dyett for the lady Arbella her servauntes & others appointed to attende her 
at Estbarnett by the space of lxviij dayes begonne the first of April, 1611, & ended the 
vj th of June following at cix s . iij' 1 . p'r diem - ccclxxj 1 '. xj s . v a . 

" Chardges of the Stable, viz. — for three lytter horses, one sumpter horse, & fyve coche 
horses for xxvj dayes at ij s . the horse by daye & night. For the Stable at Estbarnett 
for lxviij dayes begonne the firste of Aprill 1611 & ended the vij th of June followinge : 
& for hyer of a coche of Thomas Webster employed in this service by the space of xxiij 
dayes at xx s . per diem _---_-. lxxvij 1 '. vj s . ix d . 

" Board wages of Cochemen, Lyttermen & Sumpter-man & their men at viij s . and iij s . iij d . 
& iij s . each per diem -------- \ li . x s . 

" Enterteynment to sondrye p'sons appointed to attende the said lady Arbella Seymour. 
To Nicholas Pay this accomptaunte xxxv". x s . To William Lewen for his attendaunce 
in the office of caterer of poultrye at iij s per diem for himselfe & his horse. To Kicharde 
Mathewe for his attendance in the butterye & pantrye at iij s per diem for himselfe & his 
horse. To Thomas Mylles for his attendaunce in the larder & kitchen at iij s . per diem 
for himselfe & his horse ------- lxyj H . ij s . 



56 The Parish of East Bamet. 

" To rydinge & posting-chardges, viz. of Henry Mynors at severall tymes from Barnett to 
Whitehall & backe again for dyreccons in this service from the lordes of the privie 
Councell xxxv 9 . & for post horses to carry e the ladye Arbella Seymour her servauntes 
from Barnett to London xvij s . For the hier of horses at severall tymes for S 1 ' James 
Crofte betweene Barnett & London in attendinge the lordes of the Councell in this 
service xl s . --------- iiij' 1 . xij s . 

" For caryadges for removing the ladie Arbella &her companic from Lambeth to Highgate 
& from thence to Barnett &c. ------ lxxviij 11 . xv s . 

" In rewardes to sondrye p'scns, viz. to the servauntes in Mr. Conyers' house & labourers 
to make clean the house &c. ------ iij 1 *. xv s . 

" To Mathias Melwarde one of the Princes chaplaynes for his paynes in attending 
the ladye Arbella Seymour to preache and reade prayers during her aboade at 
Estbarnett ._---_-.. v u . 

" Houserent paid to Thomas Conyers esquier, for the rent of his house in Estbarnett 
for the lady Arbella Seymour & her companie for x en weekes at xx s the 
week -_-__ x u . 

" Payde out of the Receipte of the Exchequier to ihandes of the ladye Arbella Seymour for 
her own furnishinge in her journey into the Bishoprycke of Durham cc 11 . 

" Money payde to Thomas Moundeforde Doctor of physicke & an Apothecary e appointed 
by order of the lordes of the privie Councell to geve their attendaunce uppon the saide 
lady Arbella : viz. for the enterteynement of the saide Doctor Moundeforde for 
cl tic dayes begonne the viij th of Ffebruarie 1610 & ended the vij tU of Julie following 
1611 at xxx s per diem ------- ccxxv 1 '. 

" Ffor the enterteynement of his Apothecarye for ninety dayes at xiij s . iiij d . 
per diem ..... _-. Ix' 1 . 

" Ffor two cabbanetts furnished w T h things necessary & used in the tyme of the saide ladye 
Arbella for sycknes -------- xij u 

" Ffor chardges of horsehier & other expences of the saide Doctor Moundeford iij u . 

" Payde to S r James Crofte, knighte, appoynted by order from the lordes of the privie 
Councell to geve his attendaunce uppon the saide lady Arbella Seymour for his 
cnterteynment at xxx s per diem - - clj 1 '. x s . 

" Some Tottall of the Allowances & paymentes - - m,ciijviij h . viij\ x d , 

B. Salisbury. 
Jul. Caesar. 

If the consternation at Court was great upon the lady Arabella's flight from 
the mansion by East Barnet church, it is difficult to conjecture the sensation 
which it must have created in the little hamlet itself. For several weeks the 
constant coming and going of couriers between the house of Mr. Conyers and the 
metropolis, the occasional glimpses had of the sick lady as she ventured forth in 



The 'Parish of Hast Barnet. 57 

her coach for an airing, and the confused rumours that were douhtless rife as 
to the cause of her mysterious visit must have kept the rural mind on the stretch 
between mingled wonder and curiosity. Many a question would have been asked 
of those whom business had taken to Church Hill House during her tenancy, 
but the temporary excitement was probably soon at au end and the incident 
forgotten. It would be interesting to know whether the Conyers family were 
themselves resident at the time, though the preparations needed for the reception 
of the prisoner, if we may so term her, would perhaps suggest that the house was 
unoccupied when the requisition for it was issued. Contrasted with the lavish 
expenditure in other directions, the rent of twenty shillings a week seems a very 
inadequate remuneration. Mr. Conyers was buried at East Barnet 13 Feb. 
1611-5, where his widow survived him until 4 March 1641-5. A slab on the 
church floor, with their arms upon it, records her death, but there is no inscrip- 
tion to the memory of her husband. 

Their surviving issue were three daughters, Elizabeth, Isabel, and Katherine, 
of whom the eldest, Elizabeth, seems to have inherited the East Barnet property. 
In the settlement made previous to her marriage with Mr. Robert Berkeley, as 
quoted in the manorial rolls, under the date of 30 Nov. 1612, 10 Jac. we 
have the lands held of the manor by Mr. Conyers severally set out by name. 
" To this Court came Thomas Coniers esq. and Isabell his wife (the said Isabell 
beiug separately examined, as the custom is, by the Steward), and surrendered 
into the hands of the lord by the hands of the said Steward a messuage lately 
built by the said Thomas Conyers now called Churchill house and situated near 
the Church of East Barnett, together with all houses &c. to the same belonging." 
Included in the properties enumerated in the schedule are " a parcell of land 
with a tenement built upon it lying near the church yard of the church of East 
Barnett towards the north, a messuage called Hatchelswike situated between the 
brook and the King's highway in East Barnett," tenanted in 1632 by Mr. John 
Berkeley, the judge's brother, "and all other messuages &c. of the said Thomas 
and Isabell Conyers held of the lord of this manor by copy of Court Boll, and 
parcel of the said manor, all which said premisses are situated in East Barnett," 
as respects a portion, " to the use of the said Thomas and Isabell during their 
joint lives and the life of the survivor, and afterwards to the use of Bobert 
Berkeley esq. and Elizabeth, one of the daughters of the said Thomas and Isabell, 
and the heirs male of the said Bobert and Elizabeth and, in default of such issue, 
to the use of the heirs of th^ said Robert and Elizabeth and, in default of such 
issue, to the use of the right heirs of the said Robert for ever, And, as to the rest 
of the messuages &c. "to the use of the said Thomas and Isabell during their 

H 



58 The Parish of East Baniet. 

joint lives and the life of the survivor, and afterwards to the use of the aforesaid 
Robert Barkeley and Elizabeth, and the heirs male of the said Robert and 
Elizabeth and, in default of such issue, to the use of the heirs of the said Robert 
and Elizabeth, and in default of such issue, to the use of the heirs of the body of 
the said Elizabeth and, in default of such issue, to the use of the right heirs of 
the said Thomas Conyers for ever." 

The Court Rolls have informed us a that Church Hill House was demised 
from Michaelmas 1611, for 15 years, to a London haberdasher. At the expiration 
of the term, in 1626, it seems probable that Mrs. Conyers, in her widowhood, 
with Sir Robert and Lady Berkeley, resumed their occupation. Certain it is that, 
a few years afterwards, the judge is found taking an active part in the repairs 
of the church and interesting himself about the ancient documents, which threw 
light upon the earlier history of the parish. The registers record the burial of 
his son Rowland, 1 May, 1615, as well as the baptisms of other children, — of 
Thomas, 14 June, 1630, and of Katherine and Isabel, 18 Aug. 1631. The share 
taken by him in the restoration of the church will be noticed hereafter. His 
jDolitical difficulties belong to a later period. 

The second son of Rowland Berkeley, M.P. for Worcester, 1 ' who by his wife 
Katherine Heywood was the father of seven sons and nine daughters, he was 
educated for the bar and, as of Spetchley and one of the King's Serjeants, was 
knighted at Whitehall, 14 April 1627, c being appointed a justice of the King's 
Bench in 1632. The monument raised by him at Spetchley to his father's 
memory, when high sheriff of Worcestershire in 1814, bears testimony in the 
inscription to the reverential love with which Rowland Berkeley inspired his 
children, of whom all were present at his obsequies, with the exception of one 
who died in infancy. The close union between a man and his wife is indicated 
in the opening words ; — " Hie requiescit in Dho corpora vel potius corpus 
Rowlandi Berkeley Arm. et Katharinae uxoris ejus, qui in unanimi statu matri- 
monii simul vixere per spatium xxxvii. annorum et amplius." Its concluding 
sentence, "et singuli exoptant ut eis deter patrizare," d rises to the dignity of a 
prayer. 

a Vide supra, p. 45. 

b Rowland Berkeley, who acquired Spetchley from Philip Sheldon, whose family had long held it, 
was great-grandson of Thomas Berkeley, fourth son of James fourth lord Berkeley, whose eldest son, 
William, was cr. marquis of Berkeley, and whose second son, Maurice, was ancestor of the present earl. 
Xash's Worcestershire, ii. 357. 

c Harl. MS. 6062, f. 82. 

A Gr. -rrarpigeiv or irarpiaieiv, " to live like one's father." The Latin form is patrissare. Cf. Ter. 
Adelphi, Act iv. sc. 2. Demea, " Laudo, Ctesipho: patrissas : abi, virum te judico." 



Between pages 58 and 59. 



5E, East Barnet. 



ers (5),=f=Mary, dau. of Sir William 
irh, knt. | Evers, knt. 

juiers, 3rd son=p 

Conyers=j=dau. of ... Books, of Old 
Durham. 

3onyers=j=dau. of ... Metcalfe. 

J i 



Henry Mcllish,= 
1 husb. 



:Anne Keves. bur. at St. M. of Askew, 
Moses. Will pr. P.C.C. '. Line. 
1617-8. 



Edward Conycrs= 



... dau. of 
... Merrey, 
of Durham. 



Sir John Harte, knt. alder-==Anne. 
man aud grocer; lord mayor 
1589 ; bur. at St. Swithin's 
by London stone. A bene- 
factor of Sidney Suss. Coll. 
Camb. Ilrvu-mbrancia 31 In. 

Thomas=f=Jane, dau. of 



Robert Mcllish, of Sander- 
stead. Will pr. P.C.C. 17 
Mar. 162f>-7. Bur. at All- 
hallows, Bread Street. 



— i — I 

John. 
Edmoud. 



— [—1 "I 
Eliza'ichard. 
Maryfilliam. 
Foifargarct. 



Erasmus Pym,= 
of Brimore, 
co. Somerset. 



^Catherine, 
dau. of 
Edward 
Barmfield. 



John. 
Ralph. 



dau. 
dau. 



Smith. 
Symons. 



Bolles, 
of 

Gosber- 
kirke. 



George 
Winter, of 
Working- 
ton,co. Leic. 



Rowland Berkeley ,=pCatherine, dau. 



of Cothcridje and 
Spetehley, co. 
Wore. M.P. for 
Worcester, d. 1 
June 1011, aged 
63. Bur. at 
Spetehley (1). 



of Thomas 
I lev wood. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 
14 Apr. 1630, 
an of the city 
of Worcester, 
widow. Bur. at 
Spetehley. 



= Alexander Pym, of Bri- 
more. 

William Cholmeley, (6) 
of Highgate. 



-Philippa, dau. of Humphry Colles, after- 
wards Lady Rous. 



ley, of High-: 
36, and bur. 



John Pym, b. at Briniore=f=Anne 
1584, d. 8 Dec. 1643. Hooker, 
Sa. a bull's head eouped d. 1620. 
arg. within a wreath or 

and -a/.. . 



Jane, 
aet. 2 in 
1583. 



Sir George Bolles, knt.=y=Jane, dau. 
alderman and grocer, and co-heir, 
sheriff 1608, lord by whom the 

mayor 1617; d. 1 Sep. estate of 
1621, aged 83 ; bur. Scampton. 
at St. Swithin's by 
London stone. to ill 
pr. P.C.C. 27 Sep. 
1621. 



William Ber-= 
keley, esq. of 
Cotheridge, 
eld. son, b. 
1582.d.l658. 
Adm. c. T. 
P.C.C. 1 
Jan. 1658-9. 



Margaret, 
dau. of 
Thomas 
Chettle, of 
Worcester, 
deceased 
before 
Nov. 1658. 



Edwar 

living 

1655. 



ZJ 



i 

Robert. 



Ham Pert,esq.^=Elizabeth, dau. 



Arnolds, in 
juntnessing, 
Essex, eld. son 
William Pert, 
the same, 
lose will was 
, P.C.C. 26 
p. 1616(7). 



of Sir Henry 
D'Oyley, of 
Shottisham, 
co. Norf. 2 
wife. 

Henry. 
George. 
Edmund. 
Charles. 



Katherine,=pSir John Bolles, 



d. 20 Sep. 
1644, 
aged 55 ; 
bur. at 
Scamp- 
ton. 



Sir Rowland Ber-==Dorothy, 



b. 
Eoi 



keley, knt. 
1613, M.P 
Worcester ; a 
distinguished 
cavalier, d. 1696 



dau. of 

Sir 

Thomas 

Cave, 

knt. 



Catherine. 
Anne. 



garet 

Si 



i, 



Thomas 5 daughters, of whom 

Berkeley, the youngest, Mar- 

d. nnm. garet, was executrix 

1669. of her grandfather, 

William Berkeley. 

(2) 



George, 
d. s. p. 
1632, 
aged 19; 
bur. at St. 
Swithin's. 



Conyers, b. 
1614; bur. 
at Scamp- 
ton, 19 
July, 1616. 



- + - 



knt. cr. a bart. 
1628 ; high 
sheriff of Lin- 
colnshire 1627 ; 
d. 6 Mar. 1648, 
aged 67 ; bur. 
at Scampton. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 
13 Jan. 1650-1 
(9). 



George, 
d. s. p. 



Judith. 



Ann: 



:Humphry 
Smith, 
grocer, 
sheriff of 
London 
1629. 



Thomas Smith. 



Sir Robert Bolles, of=?=Mary. dau. of 



Scampton, 2nd bait. 
M.P. for Lincoln in 
1661; d. Aug. 1663, 
aged 44. A muni- 
ficent patron of the 
arts and of literature. 



Sir Edward 
Hussey, knt. 
of Hunning- 
ton, m. Oct. 
1637. 



Isabella, mar. 
Sir Edward 
Ayscough, 
andd. 9 Jan. 
1683 ; bur. 
at St. 
Swithin's. 



— n 
Joan,b. 1620. 

d. 1629. 
Elizabeth, b. 

1628,d.unni. 

1664. 



Robt 
Spe, 
1651 
Abl 
d.s. 
bur 
P.C 



Vincent. 



Sir John Bolles, of 
Scampton, 3rd bart. 
Baronetcv extinct, 
Dec. 1714. 



: Sir Geo. 
idon, esq. 



(1) Nash's Collection, ff. 150b, 336b, ct acq. 350 Visitations of Yorkshire, 1530, 1584, 1612 : Harl. M.S. 1546, 
i. 469 ; Harl. MS. \Ul,re, i. 388. 

(2) Elizabeth, the teley, of Highgate, esq. by Margaret, dau. of John Hound, of Calais, 
surname of Berkeley, an| r] Ms 1542> ff 9j lg0 . visitation of Essex, 1634. 

(3) Chester's Westrj to ^q ro y A \ cause d ur ; n g t h e civil war Charles II. granted the family a second coat : Sa. 

(4) By Robert Dornond a buck of the first, attired or. 



made for my former hus 
want of respect or kindn 



onsidering with my selfe the great number of years allready gone over my head.'' — Cf. " Topo- 
the county of Lincoln,'* by the Rev. Cay ley Illingworth, M.A. pp. 46, 47. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 59 

"With eleven of his brethren on the bench, Sir Robert Berkeley had pronounced 
an opinion in favour of the legality of ship-money, whilst the energetic terms in 
which he gave expression to the judgment had rendered him more obnoxious to 
the Commons than his colleagues. " I never read or heard " — he is reported to 
have said — " that lex was rex, but it is common and most true that rex is lex." 
The Long Parliament having declared ship-money to be illegal, he was impeached 
in 1637, but escaped conviction till the impeachment was renewed in 1640. 
John Rous, in his Diary, a tells us, under the date 12 Feb. 1640-1, that he was 
seized on the bench by usher of the black rod and taken to prison. The impres- 
sion in court was only less startling than that produced by the arrest of Strafford. 
No more than ten of the peers were present when sentence was passed upon him. 
When brought up for judgment, he was fined the sum of £20,000 and rendered 
incapable of serving ever afterwards in any judicial capacity but, upon payment 
of £10,000, the other half was remitted and he regained his liberty. b During 
the Civil War he was a great sufferer. His house at Spetchley, near Worcester, 
was burned by the Scotch Presbyterians of the royal army, c shortly before the 
battle fought 3 Sep. 1651, to prevent its occupation by the parliamentarians, and 
he was forced to convert the stables into a dwelling, where, it is said, he resided 
with dignity on the wreck of his fortune, more troubled in mind by the con- 
version of his son Thomas to the Church of Rome at Brussels than from the 
calamities entailed upon him by the war. Mrs. Conyers died in 1645 and, as 
will be seen hereafter,' 1 the East Barnet property was disposed of in June 1652, 
but Sir Robert survived until 1656, dying on the 5 of Aug. in that year. 6 He was 
interred at Spetchley on the 27 of the same month, and Lady Elizabeth Berkeley, 
his widow, 12 Apr. 1659. Sir Robert Berkeley's will, written, as he is careful 
to note, with his own hand, was made on the day f he completed his 71 st year, 
and commences as follows : — 

" July the Twentie Sixth one thousand six hundred fiftie five. 
Borne on the Twentie Sixth day of July 1584. Then beeing Sonday. 

a Camd. Soc. Pub. Rous calls him "judge Bartlet." Conf. S. K. Gardiner, Hist, of England, ix. 
289, ed. of 1884. Rushworth Historical Collections, part 2, Vol. i. G06; part 3, Vol i. 318. At the later 
date the desire of the House of Commons was expressed, that " he may be put in as speedy a -way of Tryal 
as the Course of Parliament will allow." 

b Clarendon, iv. 28G, 287, Oxford ed. 182G. Tom Taylor, Hist, of Leicester Square, p. 52. Evelyn's 
Memoirs (Letters), ii. 47, ed. of 1818. c Nash's Worcestershire, ii. 359. Spetchley. 

d Vide infr. pp. 74, 75. e See Obituary of Richard Smyth. 

1 Proved P.C.C. 25 Sep. 165G by Philip Packer, sole executor. Book Berkeley, 324. 

H 2 



60 The 'Parish of East Barnp.t. 

In the name of God Amen. I Sir Robert Berkeley of Spechley in the Countie of Worcester 
Knight, and Sarjeant at Lawe, beeing on the day above written entered into the Threescore and 
Twelueth yeare of my age, and therefore in course of nature neere my dissolution, yet through 
the mercy of God of as perfect memorie and cleere understanding as ever, and of good health and 
reasonable strength of Body. But not knowing how soone I may bee visited with the common 
infirmities, and changes incident to old age, Doe in and by these presents (all of my owne hand 
writing) declare, ordaine, and make my last will and testament and doe revoke all former last 
Wills. Into thy hands 1 commend my Spirit. Lord, for thou hast redeemed mee, Thou God 
of Truth. The Carcase of my Body I desire may be interred in Christian manner, decentlie, 
privately, and with convenience, in my Chappell at Spechley, between my fathers and Mother's 
Tomb, and Erection there made divers yeares since for my owne monument. I forbidd all pompe, 
and superfluous expence about my funeralls. a The greatest parte whereof I would have to bee in 
small Tokens of my love to my kindred and good friends, whose names, and my said small 
Tokens of love to them I have particularly sett downe in a List, all of my owne handwriting, 
which my executor shall find Therinclosed or herewith affixed." 

Mention is made in the will of his only son Thomas and Ann his wife and 
their four children, of his grandsons Robert and Thomas Berkeley, both minors, 
and of his daughters, the wives of Robert Cressett esq. and Philip Packer esq. b 

A sumptuous monument of black and white marble on the south side of the 
chapel marks the place of Sir Robert's sepulture. Upon it reclines the recumbent 
figure of the judge, clad in the ermine robes of his office, with a scroll in the 
right hand, and in complete preservation to this day. Above, in letters of 
gold : c 

a Common in the plural; funerailles, Fr. Conf. 2 Mace. v. 10. 

b Son of John Packer, esq. clerk of the Privy Seal to Charles I. who, by conveyance from Richard, 
earl of Dorset, accpired the Groombridge estate in Kent, where he rebuilt the chapel called St. Charles' 
chapel, in 1625. There was formerly over the door an inscription, long since obliterated, D. 0. M. 1G25 
ob felicissimi Caroli Principis ex Hispania reditum Sacellum hoc D. D. J. P. with the device of the Prince 
of Wales above. He was succeeded by his son Philip, whose first wife was Isabel, daughter of Sir Robert 
Berkeley of Spetchley, by whom he had two sons and two daughters. Mr. Philip Packer d. 24 Dec. 1G86 
set. 68, and was buried in the chapel. Hastead's Kent, i. 432. In 1G52 he was residing at Groombridge, 
where Evelyn visited him on the 4 July. Evelyn records another visit 6 Aug. 1654; and again. "13 Oct. 
1683, Came to visite me my old and worthy friend Mr. Packer, bringing with him his nephew Berkeley, 
grandson to the honest judge. A most ingenious, virtuous, and religious gent", seated neere Worcester 
and very curious in gardening." Evelyn, Memoirs, i. 261, 443, 529, 543, ed. of 1818. 

c Nash's Worcestershire, ii. 360. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 61 

Robertus Berkeley Miles 

(Qui per annos plures in Banco Regis Caroli Judicem egit) 

Corruptibile suum, Hie, donee induet incorruptionem, 

Reponi Curavit, 

De Salute irhortalis animse longe Curatior, 

Supremi Judicis, potentiam ad resurrectionem, et judicium, 

Manens, 

Sed et misericordiam implorans. 

Obiit Aug. v. An. + Dili mdclvi. iEtat. lxxii. 

Below the figure, at the edge of the tomb, are the words : 

CARO INSUPER MEA REQUIESCIT IN SPE. 

Round the inscription are shields of arms of Berkeley and Mowbray, and at 
the top of the monument a large impaled shield of fourteen coats, — eight of 
Berkeley and. six of Conyers. 

Berkeley. Conyers. 

1. Gu. a chev. arg. betw. ten crosses pattee of 1. Az. a maunch or, with a crescent for diff. 

the second. On the chev. within a crescent Conyers. 

sa. a mullet or. Berkeley. 2. Barry of six or and az. on a canton gu. a 

2. Gu. three lions pass, guard, or, a label of cross flory arg. Ayton. 

three points arg. Brotherton. 3. Or a cross sa. Vescy. 

3. Gu. a lion ramp arg. Mowbray. 4. Vert, three lions ramp, crowned collared 
■i. Az. semee of crosses crosslet or, a lion ramp. and chained or. Wardioike. 

of the second. Brewes. 5. Arg. on a bend gu. three mascles of the 

5. Sa. a lion ramp. arg. crowned or. Segrave. first. Pert. 

6. Arg. a chief az. Fitz-Alan of Clun. 6. Conyers. 

7. Gu. a lion ramp. or. Albini or Arundel. 

8. Chequy or and az. Warren. 

The site of the original house at Spetchley is at this day uncertain. A 
tradition has been preserved that, during the earlier years of the Civil "War or, 
at all events previous to the battle, the family plate was buried within the park 
in a place unknown to any but Sir Robert and his butler. The story goes on to 
say that, after his master's death, the latter, grown old and infirm and burdened 
by the recollection that he alone remained cognizant of the locality, resolved to 
disclose the spot to his daughter but, having proceeded part of the way thither, 
suddenly changed his purpose and, remarking that " it was never safe to trust 
womankind,'' retraced his steps and carried the secret with him to the grave. 

Of the other two daughters of Mr. Conyers, Isabel became the wife of William 



62 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Pert, esq., and Katlierine of John, the eldest son of Sir George Bolles, knt. 
alderman of London, citizen and grocer. Both ladies predeceased their husbands. 
The former died young, leaving an only child, Margaret, who married John 
Buxton, esq., of Tibenham, co. Norfolk, who died 29 April, 1660. a On account of 
his services to the royal cause, during the Civil War, Charles the Second granted 
this family a second coat, Sa. two bars arg. on a canton of the second a buck of 
the first, attired or. William Pert, of Arnolds, in the parish of Mountnessing, co. 
Essex, the husband of Isabel Conyers, high sheriff of that county in 1634, was 
the son of another William Pert, of the same place, of a family originally from 
Yorkshire, by his wife Margaret, daughter of John Biggs, of Pulbeck, co. Lincoln. '' 
He died previously to 26 April, 1653, when administration was granted to his 
daughter, Margaret Buxton, of the goods left unadministered at the proving of 
his father's will, in 1616, at which latter date he was residing at the Exchange in 
London with his second wife Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Doyly, of Shottisham, 
co. Norfolk, esq. The elder William Pert, in his will, mentions his "freye gyfte 
of two thousand Pounds of redy money gevcn and payde to my brother Conerrs 
(Conyers) for the advauncement of his grande childe Margarett Peart, the eldest 
daughter of his sonne William Peart, to be payde her at her marriage," and 
further states that his "Brother Conerrs is to paye him three thowsand pounds by 
a hundred pounds every half yeare out of all his lands in Notingehameshere 
called ihe preyer (priory) of Brodholme and out of Staunton in Lynconshere &c." 
John Bolles, who married Katlierine, the third daughter of Thomas and 
Isabel Conyers, was created a baron et d in 1628, inheriting the estate of Scamptoa, 
in Lincolnshire, from his mother Jane, daughter and coheiress of Sir John 
Harte, Knt., lord mayor in 1590. He was high-sheriff in 1627 and, dying 
6 March, 1648, aged 67, was buried at Scampton, in the vault with Katlierine his 
wife, who had died 20 September, 3644, aged 55. His son Bobert, M.P. for 
Lincoln in 1661, a munificent patron of the arts and of literature, succeeded as 
second baronet. George, the eldest son, a youth of considerable promise, died in. 
his 20th year, and was buried in Saint Swithin's church, London, where there 
formerly existed a very complimentary epitaph to his memory. 6 

a Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. 

'• Had. MS. 1542, ff. 9, 180. Visitation of Essex, 1634. 
c Proved P.C.C. 26 Sept. 1616 by William Pert, the son. Book Cope, 88. 
a Burke' Extinct Baronetage. 

e Topographical Account of Scampton in the County of Lincoln, by the Rev. Cayley Illingworth,. 
M.A., J 808, pp. 46, 47. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 63 

Gencrosi et sum mm spei juvcnis, Georgij Bolles armigeri, Domini 
Johannis Bolles Baronetti de Skampton in Comitatu Lincolniensi ; et 
Dominsc Katherinae Uxoris filij primogeniti, qui, cum ageret annum 
Vicesimum, exijt ex hae vita, anno Dom. 1632. 

Nil opus hos cineres florum decorare corollis ; 

Flos, hie compositus qui jacit, ipse fuit. 
Moribus, ingenio, natura suavis, aperto 

Pcctore, cui niveus nil nisi candor, erat. 
Quern Sidneiani :l spaciis, umbra que lycei, 

Artibus cxcoluit Granta diserta suis. 
Bis denos vitaa nondum numeraverat annos, 

Cum brcvis extremum claudcret hora diem. 
quantos gemitusque suis luctusque reliquit : 

Tarn propere angelicas dum sitit ire domos. 
Euge Beate, tuo cum Christo sorte fruaris, 

Sentiat et similem, qui legit ista, sitim. 
Ri. Dugard, mcerens composuit. 

In a lease and release, dated 29 and 30 Apr. 1703, and made between George 
Hadley, esq. and John Hadley, his son and heir apparent, 1 ' we find that Church 
Hill House still bore that name, and had attached to it " a parcel of ground 
inclosed with a brick wall, the upper part whereof hath formerly been used for a 
walke and the lower for a Bowling Alley." It had passed away from the Hadley 
family before this, for late in the previous century Elizabeth, the daughter and 
coheiress of John Searle, esq. of Einchley, conveyed it by marriage, about 27 May, 
1690,° to Thomas Trevor, afterwards lord Trevor, and the altered nomenclature of 
Trevor Park is to be referred to their ownership. The father of this lady left by 
his wife Anne, daughter of Paul and Anne Nicoll of Hendon Place, two daughters, 
Elizabeth and Hester, the elder of whom married as above, and the younger, 
Sir James Bateman,' 1 knt. alderman of London, lord mayor 1716, of Shobdon, co. 

a His great-grandfather, Sir John Harte, had been one of the benefactors of Sidney Sussex College. 
See pedigree. 

b Osidge title deeds, obligingly communicated by the late Mrs. Bosanquet, of that place. 

c Will of her mother, dame Anne Hedges, dated 13 March, 1720-1, 7 Geo. I. proved P.C.C. 10 Nov. 
1724, by John Hedges, Esq. and Charles Hedges, Esq. the sons. Book Bolton, 247. 

" Will dated 19 Jan. 1716-17; proved P.C.C. 25 Nov. 1718. Book Tenison, 209. 



64 The Parish of East Burnet. 

Hereford, ancestor of the present lord Eateman. John Searle in his will, dated 
4 June, 1681, and republished 31 July, 1682, a leaves 50Z. to the poor of the town 
of Eaton, where he was born, and 1001. to the poor of Christ Church parish in the 
island of Barbados, where he gained the greatest part of his estate. He mentions 
Matthew, George, William, and Thomas Searle, his brothers, of whom Matthew 
and Thomas are deceased, and empowers his executors to purchase lands within 
twenty miles of London, to be settled upon his two daughters, still in their 
minority, if he have no son. The monument of Lieut. Col. Searle, as he is styled 
thereon, stood against the east wall of Einchley church b in the corner, with the 
arms, Arg. on a fesse betw. three crescents gu. three fleurs de lis of the first, 
impaling, Az. on a fesse betw. three lions' heads erased arg. three birds sa. 
Anne Searle, his widow, married, secondly, Sir William Hedges, alias Lacy, knt. c 
alderman and merchant of London, sheriff in 1693, son of Henry Hedges, of Wan- 
borough, co. Wilts, of a family derived from the parish of Stratton St. Margaret 
near Highworth, where Sir William desired to be buried. His brother Sir 
Charles Hedges, LL.D. of Doctors' Commons, and of Richmond, Surrey, judge 
of the A dmiralty, was Secretary of State to Queen Anne. cl 

The Church Hill House estate was perhaps purchased in accordance with the 
provision contained in Mr. Searle's will, and became the portion of his daughter 
Elizabeth. She was the first wife of Thomas Trevor, solicitor-general in 1692, 
attorney-general in 1695, chief justice of the Common Pleas in 1702, who was raised 
to the peerage by Queen Anne as baron Trevor of Bromham co. Bedford, 31. Dec. 
1711, being one of the twelve peers created at the same time to secure a 
majority in the House of Lords for the proposed peace. e He married, secondly, 
Anne daughter of Robert Weldon esq. and widow of Sir Robert Bernard bart. and 

a Pr. P.C.C. 10 Aug. 1GS2, by Anne Searle the relict. Book Cottle, 102. 

b Lysons, ii. 338. Finchley. 

c Knighted at Whitehall, 6 March, 1687-8, Le N 'eve, Had. Soc. Pub. 1873, p. 415. He and his 
brother, Sir Charles Hedges, had a grant of arms, 25 Nov. 1687. Az. three swans' heads erased arg. 
beaked, or. His will, dated 15 Apr. 1698, was pr. P.C.C. 20 Aug. 1701, by dame Anne the relict. 
Book Dyer, 113. By a former marriage he had two sons, William and Bobert, and an only daughter, 
Susanna. 

a Lysons, ii. 342, Finchley. His son, John Hedges, Esq. treasurer to the Prince of Wales, was 
buried at Finchley, 28 June, 1737. Jane, the sister of Sir William and Sir Charles Hedges, was the first 
wife of Basil Woodd, of Shinewood and Brize Norton, who d. in 1696. Misc. Gen. et Herald. Vol. ii. 
New Series, 83. 

c Foss, Judges. 



v'ALLYN, GLYNDE, AND EAST BaRNET. 



Arms. — Sa, 
Crest. — A 



Between pages C4 and 05 



TREVOR. 
Arms. — Per bend sinister erm. and ermines, a lion ramp. or. 
Chest. — On a chapeau gu. turned np erm. a wyvern rising sa. 



Christopher Bottomley of Chipping Barnet,=y=Hellen. 
yeoman, bur. at Totteridge. Will pr. at 
St. Alban's 8 Apr. 1611. Book Dainty 20. | 

, l 



William Nicoll, of Hendon 
Place, citizen and grocer, 
bur. 1 Nov. 1644. 

. I 



=Anne, dan. of 
Paul Swallow, 
of London. 



Robert Morley, of^Snsannah, J^ces, dau. and heir 
Glynde, co. T heir of T! Damcl f g le ™! 
Sussex, esq. d. Hodgson, of «««». ° f N°r f ° lk > 
sley, gent. 6 Jan - 1G24 - 
I Apr. 1667, a 



Paul Nicoll, of Hendon=T=Anne, dau. of 



Place, esq. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 23 Nov. 1682. 



1632 (1). 



John Ken- 
drick, lord 
mayor 1651. 



Morley, of Glynde, M.P. i e Nicoll. Az. on a^Sir William Hedges, 

last Parliaments of OP, betw - f talbot „ s k , nt ' ot L , ond ? n > mer - 

chant and alderman ; 



+- 



=pJohn Bottomley, of London, goldsmith,=Mary ..., 
and of Pricklers, Chipping Barnet. living in 
Will pr. P.C.C. 16 Dec. 1633. 1633. 

1 

Margaret,=pWilliam Marshe, of Chipping Barnet. Will 
dau. and I dated 27 Aug. pr. P.C.C. 6 Oct. 1624. 
heir, of Gu. a nag's head couped betw. 3 crosses 
Pricklers. ■ crosslet fitchee or. Crest — A griffin's head 
I sa. in the beak a rose gu. leaved vert. 



Herbert 3 
the two .c 

the last of Cromwell ; d. 29 S4 ds erased arg. S 
52. A colonel in the parliament sa ; XT Wlll _ J?- 
and sat as one of the King's juiV- L - 10 Noy - 11M - 
not sign the death warrant (2). 

r 



sheriff 1693. 
pr. P.C.C. 20 
1701. 



Will 
Aug. 



John Nicoll, 
of Hendon 
Place. Will 
pr. P.C.C 
31 Oct. 
1711. 



Sarah, 
dau. of 
James 
Baker. 



1 

William. 



Capt. William Marsh,=j=Alice, dan. of 



of Pricklers. Bur. at 
Chipping Bamet 14 
Feb. 1687-8. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 2 Apr. 1688. 



William Morley,=Elizabcth, d 
esq. b. 1653, left ... Clarke, 
an only dan. mar. 3rdly, 

Anne. Mar. 1st, count Catto, 
Susannah, 2 dau. 
of Sir John 
Trevor, knt. of 
Trevallyn. 



John Nicholl,=pMargaret Marsh, only=pSir John Woolfe, alderman and mercer, 



Nicoll, of 
Edgware and 
of Pricklers, 
mar. at E. B. 
17 Apr. 1683. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 
30 Aug. 1693. 



surviving child, of 
Pricklers, d. 27 Mar. 
1713, aged 56. De- 
vised Pricklers to her 
son, Marsh Woolfe. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 7 
May, 1713. 



knighted as sheriff 1696; mar. at E. B. 
20 July, 1694. Admin. P.C.C. 22 Apr. 
1703. (Mar. 1st, at Northaw, 3 Nov. 
1681, Lucy. dau. of Sir William 
Leman, bart ; bur. at Northaw 20 
Apr. 1686. and had issue John Godden 
Woolfe, d. 18 Sep. 1742, aged 56, bur. 
at C. B.) 



William Marsh,=j=Elizabeth 
m. at E. B. 17 Brett. 
Apr. 1684, bur. | 
at C. B. 26 
Nov. 1687. 

, 1 



Matthew, d. 8 
Sep. 1685, 
bur. at C. B. 



Elizabeth. 



Matthew Fox, 
of Chipping 
Barnet, mar. at 
Shenley 13 Apr. 
1654. Par. Reg. 

1 
John, 
of the 
Middle 
Temple, 
d. 10 
Aug. 
1685, 
bur. at 
C. B. 



John Morley Trevor,=j=Lucy, dau 
esq. of Trevallyn 
and Glynde, b. 1681, 
d. 12 Apr. 1719. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 29 
May 1719, by Lucy 
Trevor, the relict. 



1 — 

John= 

of"E'dwaTcJ ievor ' 
Montague *' rtl 
of Bough ba y on > 
ton, co. "• 27 
North am p. °%] 
ton, d. !' b4 - 
1720. 



Elizabeth, 
dau. of Sir 
Richard 
Steele. 



"ill 

Anne. 

Letitia, mar. 
Peter Cocks, 
of Camber- 
well. 

Elizabeth. 



Thomas Brand,= 
m. 1716, at 
Fyfield, co. 
Essex, d. 1718, 
bur. at Fyfield. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 
27 Oct. 1718. 



Margaret 
Nicholl, 
or 

Nicoll, 
onlv 
child. 



Marsh Woolfe, of Mary, Anne Lucy. 

Pricklers, esq. d. 27 Nov. bur. at Woolfe, bur. at 

1748, aged 48, bnr. at C.B. 16 Spr. C.B. 14 

C.B. Devised his estates July, Will pr. June, 

to his sister Anne 1704. P.C.C. 1716. 

Woolfe for life, with 8 Jan. 

remr. to his nephew, 1765. 
Thomas Brand. 



John Trevor, esq. of— Elizabet! 
Trevallyn and Glynde, of Sir 
commr. of the Admi- 
ralty 1742, d. s. p. 
1745. Bequeaths 
Glynde to his cousin 
he Hon. and Rev. 
Richard Trevor (3). 



uf 



Diana, only child. 



Frankli 
Thirklf 1 " 
Yorksh: 
1742. 



Thomas Brand, = 
mar. Jan. 
1748-9. M.P. 
for Shoreham. 
Sold Pricklers 
to John Pybus 
of Cheam. 
Lysons iv. 2. 



=Caroline, eldest 
dau. of Evelyn 
Pierpoint, 
duke of Kings- 
ton. 



ess Dacre,- 
Midd. 25 



=Thomas Brand, esq. 
of The Hoo, co. 
Herts. 



m. and Very 
md sister of 
44. 



=pEliza, dau. of General 
, J Robert Ellice. 

As 



m Gl >4, f- 105l) ' Visitation of Hertfordshire, 1579 and 1634. Trevor, Burke's Extinct Peerage. Burke's Extinct 
Morley, to 
Genealogies udgment on Ship-money. Clarendon iv. 286, 287, 341, 342, ed. of 1826. 

(2) Htfrevor, then bishop of Durham, built the church at Glynde in 1765. Horsfield's Sussex, i. 344. 
into favour Suagex Archfcological Trans. 

(3) H< 



The Parish of Hast Barnet. Co 

died 19 June 1730, being succeeded by the eldest son of his first marriage, 
Thomas, second baron Trevor, who married Elizabeth daughter of Timothy Burrell 
esq. of Ockenden, Cuckfield, and by her had an only child Elizabeth, married at 
East Barnet 23 May 1732 a to Charles, earl of Sunderland, from which marriage 
descends the present duke of Marlborough. Robert, fourth baron Trevor, eldest 
son of the first lord by his marriage with lady Bernard, adopted the name of 
Hampden in 1751, and in 1776 was created viscount Hampden. Both titles 
became extinct in 1824, but the viscounty of Hampden has been recently 
revived (1884) upon the elevation to the peerage, by that title, of the Bight 
Hon. Sir Henry Bouverie William Brand, of Glynde Place, Sussex, Speaker of 
the House of Commons, younger brother and heir presumptive of the present 
lord Dacre. 

By Thomas, second baron, who resided there in 1732, the property was 
conveyed, about the year 1738, to William Pritchard Ashhurst esq. elder son of 
Henry Ashhurst, 1 ' town-clerk of London, and grandson of Sir William Ashhurst 
knt. and alderman, M.P. for London, lord mayor in 1G93, who resided at 
Highgate. Elizabeth, the widow of Henry Ashhurst, daughter and sole heir of 
Edward Grace, of Eltham, Kent, and Hannah his wife, sister of Sir William 
Pritchard knt. alderman of London, described in her will, which bears internal d 
evidence of having been there executed, as of Monken Hadley, leaves all her 
property to her son, desiring to be buried in the vault of the parish church of 
St. Austin, Watling Street, if there be room and, if not, then in " a brickt grave " 
as near that vault as possible. The said William Pritchard Ashhurst was admitted 
into Benet, otherwise Corpus Christi, College Cambridge in the year 1717 and, 
having been in early life a cornet in the Horse Guards, was first a captain and 

fi Par. Reg. Grandson of the 1st duke of Marlborough. Succ. as 2nd duke upon the death of his 
aunt Henrietta, duchess of Marlborough. He commanded a brigade of Foot Guards at the battle of 
Dettingen. His father, Charles, earl of Sunderland, who m. Anne, younger dan. of the great duke of 
Marlborough, was the founder of the Blenheim Library, dispersed in 1884. See Dibdin's Biographical 
Decameron, iii. 292, 293. 

b Will dated 5 Oct. 1705, and proved P.C.C. 17 Jan. 1705-6, by Elizabeth, the relict. Book 
Eedes, 1. 

c Will dated 29 Mar. 1712, and pr. P.C.C. 18 Feb. 1719-20, Book Shaller, 22. He desires to be 
buried " in St. Austin's Church in the vault where my holy (sic) father was interr'd," and describes 
himself as "late one of the aldermen." In Gough's Topography, i. 5i±, there is a view of Sir William's 
seat at Higbgate. 

d Pr. P.C.C. 23 Nov. 1732, Book Bedford, 258, by William Pritchard Ashhurst, the son. 

I 



66 The Parish of East Barnet. 

afterwards colonel in the Middlesex a militia. He died unmarried 31 May 1773, 
aged 73, and was buried in the churchyard of East Barnet, where a stone to his 
memory yet remains, leaving his property 15 there to Elizabeth, wife of Hugh 
Smith, of Newgate St. apothecary, being her mother's first cousin. Dr. Smith 
died at East Barnet 26 June 1789 c and, in his will, dated the 8 of the same 
month, wherein he is described as of Hatton St. London M.D. devised the estate 
to his wife for life, with remainder to his sons Hugh and William d -Ashhurst in 
succession. The house which, I have been informed, was an ancient gabled 
structure, was the residence of his widow when Lysons wrote in 1796, and 
probably continued to be so occupied, with the exception of the Landou tenancy, 
until her death, 23 Oct. 1818. 

Between the years 1809 and 1815 Trevor Park was tenanted by Mr. Landon, 
uncle of L. E. L. the accomplished poetess, whose writings, held in much estima- 
tion when they appeared, can scarcely be said to have stood the test of time. 
Events move rapidly in these days, and the interest aroused by the sad termina- 
tion of her life has long since passed away. Letitia Elizabeth Landon, the eldest 
child of Mr. John Landon, 6 an army agent in Pall Mall, by Catherine Jane 
Bishop his wife, was born 14 Aug. 1802, in Hans-place, Chelsea. When the 
family removed to Trevor Park, — a change of abode due perhaps to a speculation 
in which her father was engaged with unfortunate results at Coventry Earm f — 
the care of her instruction was undertaken bv Miss Landon, her cousin. During 
her residence at East Barnet the poetic faculty was gradually developing, and in 

a MS. notes upon Lysons's East Barnet, by the Rev. Benjamin Underwood, rector, in the possession 
of the rector of East Barnet. 

» By his will, pr. P.C.C. 8 June, 1773. Book Stevens 233. 

c Dr. Hugh Smith, the son of another Hugh Smith by a first marriage, was bur. at East Barnet, 4 
July, 1789, aged 53, and his will pr. P.C.C. on the 8 July following. He m. Elizabeth, the dau. of 
Archibald Maclane, or M c Lean, merchant, by Mary, dau. of Robert Ashhurst, the purchaser of Hedingham 
Castle. " He raised himself into celebrity by his medicine chests, and by several publications on respira- 
tion, and had the reputation of performing great cures in asthmatic complaints." Gents. Mag. vol. lix. 
578. We learn from his will that he died possessed of freehold property at Reading. 

'• William Ashhurst Smith, the younger son, described in Mr. Underwood's MS, notes as " much 
beloved and regretted," died at East Barnet, on Tuesday, 19 June, 1810, and was there buried, 26 June. 

c Eldest son of the Rev. John Landon, rector of Tedstone Delamere, co. Hereford, who d. in 1782. 
The Rev. Whittington Landon, second son of the Rev. John Landon, became Provost of Worcester 
College Oxford, and Dean of Exeter. 

f On the border of Middlesex and Hertfordshire, between Highwood Hill and Edgware. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 67 

some verses written many years afterwards upon the death of Sir "Walter Scott 
she thus alludes to the time and scene : — 

" How well I can recall the time 
When first I turn'd thy page; 
The green boughs closed above my head, 
A natural hermitage. 

I peopled all the walks and shades 

With images of thine; 
The lime-tree was a lady's bower, 

The yew-tree was a shrine: 
Almost I dream'd each sunbeam shone 

O'er banner, spear, and morion." 

It is easy to conceive that, on some occasion in after life, when inviting to 

*' Come back, come back together, 
All ye fancies of the past," 

her imagination, touched by these early recollections, may have taken shape in 
the graceful lines inspired by the thought of — 

" Eed Riding Hood, the darling, — 
The flower of fairy lore." 

In a letter to Mr. Samuel Carter Hall she responds, in the following terms, to 
a request made by him : a "In endeavouring to give you some idea of my life, 
I find that a few words will comprise its events, so much has one year repeated 
the other. My childhood was passed at Trevor Park, and is the basis of the last 
tale in ' Traits and Trials.' I cannot remember the time when composition in 
some shape or other was not a habit. I used to invent long stories, which I was 
only too glad if I could get my mother to hear. These soon took a metrical 
form ; and I used to w r alk about the grounds, and lie awake half the night, 
reciting my verses aloud." 

As Trevor Park has vanished from the soil, a passage from the tale referred 
to, " The History of a Child," may be taken to convey a picture of the locality 
as it appeared to the youthful intelligence of the authoress. " We lived " — she 

a A Book of Memories, by S. C. Hall, 2nd edition, 1877, p. 265. 

i2 



68 The Parish of East Bar net. 

writes — "in a large, old, and somewhat dilapidated place, only part of the 
grounds were kept up in their original high order. I used to wander in the 
almost deserted shrubheries, where the flowers grew in all the luxuriance of 
neglect over the walks, and the shrubs become trees drooped to the very ground, 
the boughs heavy with bloom and leaves. In the very heart of one of these was 
a large deep pond, almost black with the depths of shadow. One bank only 
was sunny, it had been turf, but one flower after another had taken possession of 

a situation so favourable Below, the pond was covered with water 

lilies with the large green leaves that support the loveliest of ivory boats fit for the 
fairy queen and her summer court. But these were not the attractions of that 
solitary pond in my eyes. Its charm was a little island which seemed to float 
upon the dark water ; one side of the pond was covered with ancient willow 
trees, whose long pendant branches dropped for ever over the same mournful 
mirror. One of these trees, by some natural caprice, shot out direct from the 
bank a huge straight bough that formed a complete bridge to the little island — 
at least so near that a rapid spring enabled me to gain it." a The pond is still 
there, embosomed in trees, deep though not large, but ideas of size are generally 
more or less relative, and to the youthful fancy of an imaginative girl it is easily 
conceivable that the island and its surrounding water may have assumed pro- 
portions insufficiently warranted by the reality. " Miss Landon, whom you ask 
me about," writes Mr. Edward Lytton Bulwer to a correspondent from Kneb- 
worth, 25 Oct. 1826, " is very young, — not pretty, but pleasing, and with deep 
blue eyes, — short and ill made, has no fortune but what she makes by writing, 
which is about £1,000 a year. She is a dean's daughter, or something of that 
sort." b Her tragical end is too well known to require more than a cursory 
reference to it. She was married, 7 June, 1838, at St. Mary's, Bryanston 
Square, to Mr. George M'Lean, Governor of the Gold Coast, her only brother, 
the Eev. Whittington Henry Landon officiating, and Lord Lytton, then Mr. 
Lytton Bulwer, giving the bride away. A month afterwards, 5 July, she sailed 
for Africa with her husband, landed 15 August, and on 15 October died at Cape 
Coast Castle from the effects of prussic acid, whether accidentally taken or 
otherwise has never been satisfactorily ascertained. 

a Traits and Trials of Early Life. The works of L. E. Landon, in 2 vol?. Philadelphia, 1838. 
See Life and Literary Remains of L. E. Landon, by Laman Blanchard in 2 vols. 1841 ; Howitt's Homes 
and Haunts of the most eminent of the British Poets, 1847, ii. 125. 

b The Life, Letters, and Literary Remains of Edward Bulwer, Lord Lytton, ii. 134. 



Between page? 68 and 09. 



d East Barnet. 



=j=\VilIiam Ashhurst, of . 
esq. M.P. in Long Pi 
Will dated 8 Feb. 
P.C.C. 10 May, 1656, 



Gunston= 



John Gunston, of= 
Staplegrove, co. 
Somerset. 



William Gunstou=p 



John Gnnston, of 
Amsterdam. 



Marv. 



George Abney, of=f= 
Willesley, co. 
Derby. 



r™ 



Thomas,: 
M.P. for 
eo. Lane. 
1654, d. 

Jan. 1700. 



:Susanna, 

dan. and 
co-heir of 
Thomas 
Bosvile, 
esq. 



■» ■ I ,-J9 Not. 
Williat wife 
John, fhomas 
Henry nt. 

n of 

, sheriff 

ird 

195(6). 



Judith, m. Sir Robert Booth, 
knt. of London, merchant. 



Jndith,=Sir William Cowper, 
only afterwards Lord 

child, 1 Chancellor, mar. 
wife (6). 2ndly in 1706. 



John Gunston,= 
of Stoke Ncw- 
ington, mer- 
chant, 1>. at 
Staplegrove. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 
11 Sep. 1693. 



:£lizabetb 

bur. 

at Stoke 
Newing- 
ton, 6 Ma] 
1686. 




James Abney,=j= 
of Willesley, 
esq. son and 
heir. 



Mary, 

A line. 
Sarah. 



Sir Henry Ash- 
hurst.of Water- 
stock, 2nd bart. 
d. S. p. 17 May, 
1732, when the 
baronetcy ex- 
pired. 



shhurst,; 
Frances^ sugar 



Ashhurst, 
only dan. 



London. 

Sonor of 
! co. 

iTiscount 
ill pr. 
Jar. 

r. 2ndlv, 

. Will 

as of 

pr. 1753. 



:2. Elizabeth 
Gnnston. 



Thomas Gunston, 
of Stoke Newing- 
ton, merchant, 1). 
at StaplegroTe, 
d. 11 Nov.' 17(H). 
aged 32. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 2 Dec. 
1700. Or, on a 
bend sa. 3 stars 
of 6 points arg. 
(7). 



3. Sarah, 
bur. at 
Stoke 
Ne wing- 
ton 20 
March, 
1734-5. 

4. Hannah. 



1. Mary: 
(iunslon, 
2 wife. 
Will pr. 
P.C.C. as 
of Stoke 
Newing- 
ton, 16 
Feb. 
1749-50 
(8). 



:Sir Thomas AJbney, 
knt. and alderman, 
sheriff 1693, lord 
mayor 1700. Will 
pr. P.C.C. 21 Mar. 
1721-2. Krm. on a 
cross sa. 5 bezants. 
.Mar. at St. Giles's 
in the Fields, 21 
Aiiy. 1700. 



Sir Edward Abney ,=f= 

knt. eld. son, of I 
Willesley. Will pr. | 



P.C.C. 
1727-8. 



22 Jan. 



Kdward, 
eld. son, 
a lunatic. 



Thomas, of 
Willeslev. 



Thomas Henry Ash-: 
hurst, of Ashhurst. co. 
Lanc.b. 1672, d. 1741, 
son of Thomas Ash- 
hurst, of Ashhurst. 



I Tcbibald Maclane, 

:Diana f St. Dionis Back- 
Allen, hurch, d. at Sonth- 
mpton. Admin. 
pTC.C. 5 July, 
765. 



I 

Sarah Abney, 
d. num. at 
Theobalds. 
Cheshnnt. 
Admin, c. T. 
P.C.C. 6 Muy, 
1732. 



1 

Elizabeth Abnej , 

d. num. 1782, aged 
78. Will pr. P.C.C. 
as of Stoke New- 
ington, 23 Aug. 
1782. Bur. at Stoke 
Ncwington. 



Mary Abney ,=Jocelyn Pickard, of Blox-=j=Henrietta 



l wife, d.s. p. 
bur. at St. 
Peter's, 
CornhilL 20 
Feb. 1737-8. 



worth, co. Dorset, son of 
Thomas Pickard, citizen 
of London, by Sarah, 4th 
dau. of Sir Robert Jocelyn, 
bart. Clutterbuck's Herts, 
ii. 116. 



Trench aid. 



Sir William Henry Ashhurst, kOet. and will 
and heir, justice of the King's Nov. 1818. 
of Belmont, or Mount PleasaijBarnet, aged 
Barnet, b. at Ashhurst, Jan. 175 
Waterstock Nov. 1807. 



ne, of Trevor=pHugh Smith, M.D. of 



Hatton Street, Lon- 
don, son of Hngh 
Smith. Willpr. P.C.C. 
8 July, 1789. 



Thomas Pickard,=Harriet 
of Bloxworth Wbodley. 

House, esq. 
d. s. p. 1830. 



Rev. George Pickard,=j=Frances Payne, 
rector of Bloxworth, 
d. 1840. 



William Henry Ashhurst,: 
of Waterstock, esq. b. 19 
Oct 1778. 



-William Ashhurst Smith, 
died 19 June. 1810 ; bur. 
at Kast Barnet. 



Edward Pickard, Rev. George Pickard-Cambridge, of Bloxworth 

of Bloxworth, House, rector of Bloxworth, assumed surname 

d. num. 1850. and arms of Cambridge 1847, d. 1868. 



I 



Frances Amelia 
Whish. 



of wit and beauty, but no fortune."' 
(1) Burl > 267. Cf. Clutterbuck's Herts. 



Her only child, a son, died young. Campbell's Lives of the Lord 



(2) To Jirchased a lease of the Manor of Stoke Ncwington in 1699, and built a new house there shortly before his 
settled on his 

(3) Le \ ]) r- Isaac Watts, b. at Southampton in 1674, the son of a nonconformist schoolmaster, resided for many 

(4) Wilfre Abneys, at Stoke Ncwington, and died under their care 25 Nov. 1748, Lysons hi. 283: Biog. Univ. 
Brooke 227. of Stoke Newington, by James Brown, esq. p. 25, pub. 1783. 

of dame Eliz 

(5) Lan 







The Parish of East Barnet. G9 

Mrs. Smith, who appears to have been regarded with much reverence by her 
poorer neighbours, and who was habitually designated by the style of " Madame " 
Smith, must have returned to Trevor Park when the Landon family quitted it. 
She lived to the age of 76, and was buried at East Barnet, 30 Oct. 1818. By 
her will, dated 30 Oct. 1817, ° she bequeaths her original pictures by Vandyke, 
Peters, and others, to Thomas Ashhurst, esq. younger son of Sir William Ash- 
hurst, of Waterstock and, after a request that her interment may take place in 
the family vault at East Barnet church, desires that a hatchment b may be set up 
close to her husband's. The mansion was removed shortly after her decease, and 
the property subsequently used as farm land. Colonel Gillum's newly erected 
residence enables him to preside with unremitting vigilance over the interests of 
the Boys' Farm Home. A severe wound, received in the trenches before 
Sebastopol, by which he lost a leg, caused him to relinquish the active employ- 
ments of a military career. He was serving at the time in the 1st foot, now, 
under its altered title, The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment). 



THE MANOR HOUSE. 



It has been already observed that the original site of the Manor was probably 
near the church. In 1741- Mr. John Thomlinson purchased a house adjacent to 
the rectory garden on the south, which was conveyed to him by the devisees in 
trust for sale of the real estates of Thomas Trevor, esq. deceased, who had acquired 
it in 1732° from John Moore, gent, and had given it to his nieces, Arabella and 
Harriot Montagu, daughters of brigadier-general Montagu, brother of the earl 
of Halifax. 11 After Mr. Thomlinson became lord of the manor, it Avas generally 
recognized for the Manor House. 

a Proved, P.C.C. 6 Nov. 1818. Book Cresswell 529. 

b The arms were those of Smith, of Abingdon, co. Berks. Per chev. arg. and sa. three anvils counter- 
changed ; impaling Maclane. Crest, On a mural coronet or an ostrich's head erased ppr. beaked of the 
first, in the beak a horseshoe arg. The same arms were borne by Richard Smyth, author of The Obituary. 

c Lysons, iv. 10. In the earlier edition, 1736 is given as the date of Mr. Trevor's purchase. 

d Fourth son of the Hon. George Montagu, younger son of Henry, 1st earl of Manchester. 'He was 
advanced to the earldom of Halifax, 19 Oct. 1714, and d. s. p. 19 May, 1715. Chester's Westminster 
Abbey Registers, 283; Biog. Univ. He was both statesman and poet, and an early patron of Addison. 



70 The Parish of East JBarnet. 

This house was in all likelihood referred to in the grant, made by James the 
Second to Sir Richard Allibon, of lands forfeited at East Barnet and Priern 
Barnet by the attainder of Sir Robert Peyton. "We have given unto Sir 
Richard Allibon knight all that messuage and 14 acres of meadow in East 
Barnett in the county of Hertford now or late in the possession of Charles a 
lord Dumbarton and all that other messuage and 14* acres of meadow and 
pasture in East Barnett now or late in the tenure of Charles Mawson, all which 
were late parcell of the lands and possessions of Sir Robert Peyton knight, and 
forfeited by the attainder of the said Sir Robert Peyton and outlawry for high 
Treason. At Westminster 21 January. By Writ of Privy Seal.'" 1 

The name of Major Robert Peyton of Totteridge appears, in 1660, in the 
list of those gentlemen who were qualified to become knights of the projected 
order of the Royal Oak, and his estates were estimated as worth £1000 per ann. 
He was the son of Henry Peyton, of the examiner's office in the Chancery, and 
was knighted at Whitehall, as of East Barnet, 12 July 1670. Le Neve says he 
was chairman of the King's-head Club in Fleet St., M.P. for Middlesex, " and a 
topping anti-courtier in King Charles 2 ds time." d His name is found among the 
governors of the Barnet Grammar School 4< Eeb. 1688, and he sisjns the minutes 
4 April 1689. He left a son, Craven Peyton, who held an appointment at the 

a The Christian name of Charles is an error. Lord George Douglas, 3rd son of William, 1st marquis 
of Douglas, was cr. earl of Dumbarton 9 Mar. 1675. In 1687, when James revived the order of St. Andrew, 
called the Thistle, George, earl of Dumbarton, general of the forces in Scotland, was one of the eight 
knights first appointed. He was afterwards in close personal attendance upon the King, but when James 
privately withdrew from Whitehall he did not even communicate his intention to the earl, who lay in his 
chamber, and only awoke to find his master gone. He mar. Anne, daughter of Robert Wheatley of 
Brecknol, co. Berks, sister of Catherine, duchess of Northumberland, and left a son George, who succ. as 
2nd earl, but dying s. p. the title became extinct. (Collins's Peer-age, v. 126, 294, ed. of 1812 ; Burke's 
Extinct Peerage ; Chester's Westminster Abbey Registers, 280, note 2). Macaulay, however, says, Hist. ii. 
553, that when James rose at 3 a.m. on the morning of Tues. 11 Dec. 1688, it was the duke of North- 
umberland, a natural son of Charles II. by the duchess of Cleveland who, according to the custom in the 
Queen's absence, was sleeping in the royal apartment, and that he received full instructions from James 
preparatory to his flight. 

b Patent Rolls, 2 Jac. II. p. 2, No. 5. 

c 7 Oct. 1665, Robert, son of Major Payton, esq. bur. 26 Mar. 1666, Clara, daughter of do.; and 
<if Jane, his wife, bapt. Totteridge Par. Reg. 

11 Le Neve, Knights, Harl. Soc. Pub. viii. 239. The arms, granted 24 July, 1641, by Sir John 
Borough, were : Sa. a cross engr. or, in the second quarter a mullet arg. a bordure erm. Crest : A griffin 
sejant or. Burke's General Armory. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 71 

Mint and married (after 1696) Catherine, second daughter of John earl of Bath. a 
Sir Robert Peyton's will was dated 2 May" 1689, in which, after recording that, 
" whereas I was in the yeare 1685 seised in fee simple of divers estates in counties 
of Yorke, Suffolk, Surrey, Middlesex, Hertfordshire and in London, and did then 
fall under the displeasure of his late Ma tie King James, and did flye into Holland 
for Refuge from the severe prosecutions that were then a foote again ste me, but 
before I went had conveyed my s d mannors &c. unto my son Craven Peyton esq. 
in trust nevertheless for myself &c," he now devises the same to his son, after 
charging them with certain legacies. 

Sir Richard Allibone, knt. only son of Job Allibone or Allibond, of the Post 
Office, and grandson of Peter Allibone, rector of Chenies co. Bucks, was called 
to the bar, as of Gray's Inn, 11 Peb. 1670, appointed one of the justices of the 
King's Bench, 2S April, 1687, and died s.p. at his house in Brownlow Street 
22 Aug. 1688, aged 47. His father had become a Roman Catholic, and the son 
did his utmost to procure the condemnation of the seven bishops in Trinity Term 
1688. " Alibone, a Papist " — says Evelyn in his c account of the trial — " was 
strongly against them." At Lancaster, when upon the northern circuit in the 
summer of 1687, he had mass in the school house, his colleague attending the 
parish church. By his death he probably escaped the attainder that would have 
overtaken him, upon the accession of William and Mary, for his conduct on the 
bench. He married Barbara Blakiston of the family of Sir Thomas Blakiston of 
Gibside, co. Durham, bart. d 

Between 1724 and 1727 Charles, lord Binning and Byres, was living at the 
Manor House. He was the eldest son of Thomas, 2nd son of Charles, 5th earl 
of Haddington, who succeeded as 6th earl upon the death of his father in 1685. 
The 5th earl had married in 1674 Margaret, eldest daughter of John duke of 
Rothes who, in 1681, when the dukedom ceased, became countess of Rothes in 
her own right, a title which, at her death in 1700, devolved upon John the eldest 

a John Granville, cr. earl of Bath in 1661, had heen with Charles II. on the Continent, and 
negotiated the Restoration on the King's part. He was the son of Sir Bevil Granville knt., killed at 
Lansdowne Hill 5 July 1643. 

6 Proved P.C.C. 4 May, 1689, by Craven Peyton, esq. and Spencer Garret, esq. Book Ent 69. 

c Memoirs, i. 610, 29 June, 1688. 

a Foss, Judges of .England, vii. 209 ; Le Neve, Knights, Harl. Soc. Pub. viii. 407. By his will, 
dated 9 March, 1687-8, and pr. P.C.C. 28 May, 1689, he leaves everything to his widow. He was bur. 
at Dagenham in Essex, where a monument was erected to his memory. See Wood, Ath. Ox. ii. 440 ; 
Lnttrells' Diary, i. 287 ; Bishop Cartwright's Diary, 71 ; Notes and Queries, 3rd series, iii. 103. 

e The baptisms of four of his children are recorded in the register between Oct. 1724 and Oct. 1727. 



72 The Parish of Bast Barnct. 

son of the marriage. Charles, lord Binning, married Rachel, daughter and heir 
of George Baillie, esq. of Jerviswood, and died in his father's lifetime 13 Jan. 
1733. His eldest son Thomas, who succeeded as 7th earl of Haddington upon 
the death of his grandfather, 28 Nov. 1735, is said, on the authority of M r . Boswell, 
to have had for a tutor James Thomson, the poet of the Seasons, who is reported 
to have completed his Winter at East Barnet, when living under lord Binning's 
roof. Thomson was horn at Ednam near Kelso, where his father was minister, 
11 Sepr. 1700, and in his early days is said to have received kindness from the 
family of Baillie of Jerviswood, lady Grizel Baillie heing the friend of his mother, 
whose maiden name was Beatrix Trotter. It was hy the advice of this lady that 
he embarked at Leith for London in the autumn of 1725, bringing with him 
in an unfinished state his poem of Winter, which was published in the month 
of March 1726. In the following year he brought out his Summer, which it 
was his wish to dedicate to lord Binning, but that nobleman declined the com- 
pliment out of consideration for the author, believing that other patronage 
would serve his interests better. The Winter contains no allusions to which a 
residence at East Barnet may be conjectured to have imparted a colouring. 5 

Lord Binning was succeeded in his tenancy by Mr. Robert Spearman, who 
was occupying the house in 1736. b It was then the property, as already men- 
tioned, of Mr. Thomas Trevor, a member of the Temple, himself a resident in the 
village under the roofs successively of Mr. George Sleath, Mrs. Margaret Mawson, 
and the Miss Bundys, after the decease of their father the rector. He died 
unmarried, 6 December, 1711, and by his will, " written with my own hand," 
and dated 12 December, 1736, a devised his house and lands at East Barnet, as 
well as an estate in Lincolnshire, to the Rev. Richard Trevor, canon of Ch. Cb., 
Oxford, and the Rev. Dr. Bundy, e rector of East Barnet, in trust for sale, the 
residue of the purchase-money, after payment of sundry legacies, to go to his two 
nieces, Miss Bell (Arabella) and Harriot Montague, the two daughters of Colonel 
Montague, equally. To his cousin lord Trevor he gives his " four Common 
Place Books, being a collection under my own hand," and he desires to be buried 
" under that part of the pew which belongs to my own house or as near as can 

a Anderson's Poets, ix. 174. Life of Thomson prefixed to his poems. Works of James Thomson, with 
life of the author, by Patrick Murdoch, D.D. F.E.S. London 1768 : Biog. Univ.; Chalmers' Biog. Diet.; 
Cussans' Hist, of Hertfordshire, East Barnet. 

b Lysons, iv. 10. Will of Mr. Thomas Trevor, dated 12 Dec. 1736. c Supra, p. 69. 

d Proved r.C.C. with four codicils, 7 Jan. 1741-2, by Ann Trevor, spr. sole executrix. Book Tren- 
ley 33. e Dr. Bundy died in 1739. 



The 'Parish of Bast Bar net, 73 

be," constituting, by a codicil dated 28 Eeb. 1739-40, his cousin Ann Trevor, 
sister of Lord Trevor, and now residing at East Barnet, sole executrix. 

The Thomlinson family continued in occupation until the death of Margaret, 
the widow of Mr. John Thomlinson jun., in 1778. The elder John Thomlinson 
had bequeathed it to his widow for her life, and she, dying in 1772, was succeeded 
by her daughter-in-law. In 1779 it was the residence of Miss Julia, or Juliana, 
Yonge, one of the daughters of the right lion. Sir William Yonge, of Culleton, 
M.P. for Honiton, 4th baronet, and sister of the right lion. Sir George Yonge, 
5th baronet, likewise M.P. for Honiton. This lady, who afterwards married 
"William Sandford, esq., of Walford, co„ Somerset, was authoress of "Essays and 
Letters on the most important and interesting Subjects/ 1 " of a " Practical and 
explanatory Commentary on the Holy Biblc, b " and of other works. During the 
later years of the century the Manor House was tenanted by Thomas Shirley 
esq. merchant, of London, who died without issue at his house in Coleman St. 
12 July 1797, in his 63rd year, and was buried at Cheshunt. In his will he 
nominates Andrew Heid esq. of East Barnet and Joseph Timperon esq. of London, 
amongst his trustees, and leaves the lease of his house and lands at East Barnet 
to his wife, Ann, with careful directions for her guidance, arising out of the 
experience, which he has acquired, of the general incapacity of women to manage 
property. The house was ultimately pulled down between the years 1820 and 
1830, and the site thrown into the Rectory garden. Its position is still indicated 
by the high and dilapidated wall of red brick, by which a portion of the garden is 
inclosed. Previous to its demolition it had been a school for young gentlemen 
kept by a Mr. Lockwood. 



OWSAGE, USSAGE, OB OSIDGE. 

Preference was made, in introducing the account of the manor, to the wood of 
Huzeseg a which, according to Dugdale, was confirmed, under the description of 
Hwzeseg, to the abbey of St. Alban's in the time of the Saxon kings. At a 
later date it was again confirmed to the abbey by a charter of King John. The 

a Published in London in 2 vols. 1783. b Published by E. Faulder, New Bond Street, 1787. 

c His hatchment is included by Mr. Underwood in a list of those suspended in the church. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 17 Aug. 1797. Book Exeter 570. Clutterbuck's Herts, ii. 119. Gent's. Mag. 
a Mon. Angl. ; Cussans' Hist, of Hertfordshire. c Supra, pp. 19, 20. 

K 



74 The Parish of East JBarnet. 

name, undergoing sundry transformations, is found in Owsage and Ussage, and 
of late years in Osiclge, a rendering which has the appearance of a modern inven- 
tion. In May or June, 1553, Ousage Wood was conveyed by Messrs. Goodwyn 
and Maynard to Thomas Savage, gent., a and probably formed part of Mr. Thomas 
Conyers' estate at the beginning of the following century, becoming afterwards 
the property, by marriage, of Sir Robert Berkeley, from whom it passed, with 
his other lands in the neighbourhood, to Mr. George Haclley by indenture dated 
17 June 1652. Mr. Hadley seems to have made Ussage his own place of 
residence, and the site of the house was distinctly traceable at the end of the last 
century. b This house was demolished previous to the year 1767, as is evident 
from a plan taken in that year c by Isaac Messedor, — reduced in September 1773 
by James Ellis, — and from a mortgage of 13 and 14 July 1774, to which allusion 
will hereafter be made. The existing mansion was raised, not far from the old 
site, early in this century, by Mr. Kingston of Oak Hill, and is described in a 
deed of October 1808, as " then lately erected." 

Mr. Hadley, an opulent Londoner, and a member of the Grocers' Company, 
made his will 26 January 1653-4, d and therein describes himself as "of the 
parish of St. Laurence Jury esquire.'' His personal estate is carefully estimated 
at £49,651 2s. 7d., minus £6,200 for debts and expenses. Seven living children 
are mentioned by name, — Edmund, George, and Samuel Hadley, Elizabeth Lyte 
(wife of Isaak Lyte), Sarah, Anne and Mary Hadley, — but from a codicil dated 
2 August 1654 we learn that Samuel had died in the interval. He records that 
his brother by the mother's side, Nicholas Waynewright, " hath assigned unto 
me (as security for a loan) a lease of the keepeing of the preaching place in the 
Church yard of the Cathedrall Church of Sainte Paule in London granted unto 
him by William f late Bishoppe of London." To the poor of Edmonton he 

:i Supra, p. 21 

b From a copy of Lysons, annotated by the Rev. B. Underwood (in the possession of the rector of 
East Barnet), who says that the site is to be found " in the field formerly called Owsage Wood." 

c Preserved among the Oak Hill (Monken Frith) title-deeds. 

A Proved P.C.C. 26 Aug. 1654, by Isaak Lyte and Edmund Hadley. Book Alchin 35. 

c Isaac Lyte, born at Kington St. Michael, co. Wilts, and bapt. 26 Dec. 1G12, was of the family 
of Lyte, of Easton Percy in that parish, descended from the Lytes of Lyte's Cary, co. Somerset. By his 
will he provided £600 for the foundation of Lyte's Almshouses for six poor men at Kington St. Michael. 
His daughter, Mrs. Sarah Bowerman, bequeathed £5 per annum to the schoolmaster of the same 
place, payable by the Trustees of Christ's Hospital. Wiltshire Arch. Mag. iv. 78, 89, 91; Visitation of 
Wiltshire, 1623, ed. G. W. Marshall, p. 28. 

f William Juxon, consecr. bishop of London, 27 Oct. 1633. 



Between pages 74 and 75. 



Bernard Harriscm^Elizabeth Hawthorne, 
of Reading, co. 
Berks. 



Edmond White, citizen and= 
haberdasher, of London, b. 
at Mickleton, bur. at St. 
Lawrence in the Jewry. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 19 Feb. 
1632-3 (1). 

Edmond White,=pElizabeth. 
son and heir. 



=Elizabeth,i. William 
ston, by fl. s . p> 
Lennacre 
d. before 
St. Lawn 



2. Richard. 



Ann, dau. of=p3. Gilbert Harrison, sheriff ^Margaret, dau. of 



... Breth, of 
London, 
1 wife. 



of London 1633, alderman 
and chamberlain of Lon- 
don. Adm. c. T. 12 
March, 1651-2. 



Grafton, of Lon- 
don, and widow of 
... Livesey. 

Ann Livesey. 



T-- 

Jantci, 



Edmond White. 



Bernard, aged 21, in 1633. 
Thomas, aged 16. 
John, aged 14. 
Gilbert, aged 10. Will pr. 
1\C.C. 29 Aug. 1648. 



Christian, m. John 
Pidgeon, of Lon- 
don 



Elizabeth=Maurice Walrond, 
of parish of All 
Saints, Honey 
Lane, London, 
goldsmith. 
Admin. P.C.C. 
to Elizabeth, the 
relict, 2 Oct. 
1639. 






1. Edmond Hadlev, of Southgate,=j=Eliza| mc i 
co. Midd. esq. Will pr. P.C.C. 54 ' 

20 Aug. 1659. 

I J 



Anne, 1 wife,— Arthur Herbert, cr. baron Torbay^Anne, widow of 
living in and earl of Torrington, 1689 ; Sir Thomas 

Oct. 1679. d. s. p. 14 Apr. 1716. Bur. in Woodhouse. 

Westminster Abbey (5). 



Mary.=Sir William 
m. bef. D'Oyley, of 
Oct. Shottisham, co. 

1679. Norf. knt. 



A daughter, 
living in 
July, 1659. 



=George 
Bowerman, 
of East 
Greenwich. 
Kent. L 



Sarah 
Will pr. 
P.C.C. as 
of St. 
Andrew's, 
Holborn, 
widow, 19 
Dec. 1730. I 

r- J 
Sarah Bowerman (3). 



George Hadley, of 
Line. Inn, esq. d. 
unm. 28 June, 1768, 
aged 83. Bur. at 
Flitton, co. Bedf. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 6 
July, 1768. 



:Sarah 



Henry Hadley, of 
Coney Court, 
Gray's Inn, esq. 
d. 18 Mar. 1771, 
bur. at E.B. Will 
pr. P.C.C. 3 Apr. , 1769 
1771 (6). 



Bur. at 
E.B. 14 
June, 



— 1 

Anue, 

living 

in 

June, 

1700. 
(7) 



Elizabeth,=F=John Cox, 



2 wife, d. 
9 Feb. 
1720, 
aged 33, 
bur, at 
E.B. 



of London, 
merchant. 



Genl. John=^= 
Parslow 



Hadley. John Hadley, M.D. b. 
in London ; Fell, of 
Queen's Coll. Camb. 
B.A. 1753, M.A. 1756, 
M.D. 1763; d. 5 Nov. 
1764, aged 33 (9). 



Henry Hadley, of 
Warwick Court, 
surgeon, bur. at 
E.B.30Nov.l766. 
Will pr. P.C.C. 
12 Dec. 1766. 



Hadlev Cox,= 
M.A. of 
C.C.C. 
Camb. 



-' r 

^Charlotte 

Parslow, 

d. 11 

June, 

1786. 
(8) 



Thomas Parslow, 
of C.C.C. Camb. 
rector of Colm- 
worth, co. Bedf. 
d. 23 Mar. 1786. 



James Hadley Cox. 



■ 1 

Charlotte. 



John. 



Jemima. 



(1) 14 Feb. 1632srt, attorney-general to Charles I. He was admiral of the Dutch Fleet at William III.'s 
Abms. Per fess or ai Tower after the unsuccessful engagement with the French fleet off Beachy Head in 
and two. Crest. A >ey Registers, 286 ; Burke's Extinct Peerage. 

Seager, garter, anno L , yn hand> » is dated u June 1769i the day of bis wife > s f une ral. 

(2) To my son 6 
stood a House comonf' 



(3) By his will, 
valued at fowerscore 



t Cambridge 1756. At the time of his death he was physician to the Charterhouse and 



(i) Knio-ht d t 5 y al Colle S e of Physicians by William Munk, M.D. ii. 259. Gcut.'s Mag. Nov. 1764. 
Edmonton, 2*3, 91, 93 



The Parish of East Bar net. 75 

bequeaths £5, and speaks of " Master Thorpe, the Minister living at Southgate, 
in the parish of Edmonton, where my dwelling-house is," not forgetting "William 
Dibble, the clerk of the Chapel there. The care and education of his children, 
who are minors, is to be with his daughter Sarah Hadley, and it is his wish that 
his son Edmund, his daughter Sarah, and his four children, George, Samuel, 
Anne, and Mary shall live together in his house at Southgate. To Edmund, his 
eldest son, he devises lands and tenements at Colchester and elsewhere in Essex, 
as well as to him and his assigns, for his life only, the " messuage called Church 
Hill House, wherein the right Honorable the Countess Dowager of Exeter now 
dwelleth, with all the lands &c. at East Barnet . . . and all that messuage 
or Tenement called TJssage, with all the lands &c. thereunto belonging in East 
Barnet, all which I heretofore purchased of Sir Barcklctt a Knight." Then follow 
remainders to George his second son for life, and to the heirs of his body, and 
to the other children successively in strict settlement. 

He was buried in Weld Chapel Southgate, 22 August 1G54," where a 
memorial still remains, with the following inscription : — 

HERE VNDER LYETH BVRIED Y E 
BODY OF GEORGE HADLEY ESQ R 
WHO TOOKE TO WIFE SARAH THE 
DAVGHTER OF EDMOND WHITE ESQ 11 
BY WHOME HE HAD TWO SONS VIZ. 
EDMOND ONE OF HIS EXECVTORS, THE 
OTHER SONNE DYED AS SOONE AS 
BORNE AND TWO DAVGHTERS ELIZA 
BETH AND SARAH, ELIZABETH MARRYE D 
TO ISAAC LYTE OF LONDON MER 
CHANT THE OTHER EXECVTOR. 

HERE ALSO LYETH BVRIED ANN 
HIS SECOND WIFE DAVGHTER OF 
GILBERT HARISON ALDERMAN c 

a Sir Robert Berkeley. 

b Aug. 22, 1654, Mr. Hadley in St. Laurence Lane, in the Jury, buried. Obituary of Richard 
Smyth. 

c Gilbert Harrison, son of Bernard Harrison, of Reading, co. Berks, was elected alderman of Cheap 
Ward, (! Sept. 1638 (Remembrancia , 528, note 2), having served the office of sheriff in 1633. His 
pedigree, and the arms, Or, on a fesse sa. three eagles displ. of the field, a crescent for cliff. Crest, On a 
cap of maintenance, sa. an eagle's head is found in Harl. MS. 1476, f. 87 b (Visitation of London 

k2 



76 The Parish of East Barnet. 

AND CHAMBERLAINE OF THE 
CITTIE OF LONDON ; BY WHOME 
HE HAD ISSVE SIX SONNES AND 
FIVE DAVGHTERS, HE DYED IN Y E 
SIXTIE-EIGHT YE ARE OF HIS AGE 
ON THE EIGHT OF AYGYST ANNO 
DNI 1654. TO WHOSE PIOYS ME 
MORY HIS EXECVTORS CAYSE 
THIS MONYMENT TO BE 
ERECTED. 

YIVIT POST FYNERA YIRTYS. 

In the old chapel this tablet was on the south Avail of the nave, but is now 
placed with the memorial of Sir John "Weld, above the northern entrance of Sir 
Gilbert Scott's new church, nearly out of sight and reach. In Lysons' time the 
arms were almost obliterated, but have now totally disappeared. They wore, he 
states, Gu. a chev. between three falcons arg., impaling, Per fesse az. and or, a 
pale counterchanged, three lions' heads erased gu. betw. three fountains, for 
White; also impaling, Per fesse or & arg. an anchor erect in pale sa. for 
Harrison, of London, originally from the duchy of Brunswick. a 

Edmund Hadley, the eldest son, made his will, as of South gate, esq. lj 20 July 
1C59, and died within a few days afterwards. He had married subsequently to 
his father's death and left a widow, to whom he devised his property in Essex, 
entailing upon his only child, a daughter, his lands in Middlesex and Hertford- 
shire, with remainder to William, son of Thomas Stringer esq. of Gray's Inn, and 
the heirs of his body, and with an ultimate remainder to his wife Elizabeth 
Hadley and her heirs. 

Having only, under his father's will, a life interest in Ussage and Church Hill 
House, we find George Hadley, the second son, in possession, a few years later, 
at East Barnet. He married Katherine the youngest daughter and coheiress of" 

1633,1634,), with the following note, " These Arrnes and Creast are under the hand and seale of S r W m 
Seager Garter 17 July 1633, 9 Charles, to Gilbert Harrison als Hardegson descended out of a family of 
that surname in the Duchy of Brunswick." Adm'on. of the goods of Gilbert Harrison esq. dec 1 ', 
Chamberlain of the City of London, who d. intestate, was granted P.C.C. 12 March 1651-2 to John Powell 
citizen and goldsmith. In the obituary of Richard Smyth it is stated that he died poor, 1 Oct. 1651. 

a Lysons, ii. 277 note, ed. of 1795. Robinson's Hist, of Edmonton, p. 138, note. 

•> Proved P.C.C. 20 Aug. 1659, by Elizabeth Hadley, the relict. Book Pell 443. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 77 

Sir John FitzJames, of Leweston co. Dorset, (knighted 9 July 1660, a ) whose will 
deserves to be quoted, if only for the information which it supplies with respect 
to the education and maintenance of the only son of a family of good position at 
that period. It is dated 3 May b 1664 and, after expressing his desire to be 
buried in the church of Burton, if he dies in England, he bequeaths her 
ornaments " to his most deare loving and chaste wife, c except only her wedding 
ring, which, in regard it was by my good father in his will bequeathed unto mee, 
and to him by his Ancestors, I desire her may be delivered unto my sonne John 
if he survive mee or unto such eldest daughter of myne as shalbe unmarried at 
the tyme of my death, within forty howers after my interment." To his five 
daughters Grace, Eleanor, Frances, Margaret and Katherine, all under 16, he 
gives £1000 each and, after mentioning that his " son John's maintenance at 
school is provided for at not more than £50 a year," goes on to declare that 
" from the age of sixteene to nyneteene yearcs my will and desire is that he 
should continue and studie in Oxon or Cambridge And that he bee allowed 
fowerscore pounds a yeare for his maintenance there and noe more. And from 
the age of nyneteene yeares to the age of one and twenty my will is that he 
should live at one of the Innes of Court in London And (if please god) study 
there And that he should have for his maintenance there the somme of one 
hundred and twenty pounds yearly and noe more." 

Grace Eitz-James, the eldest daughter, became, in 1680, the second wife of 
Sir George Strode d knt. serjeant at law, but their union was not of long duration. 

a Le Neve, Knights, Harl. Soe. Pub. viii. Arms, Az. a dolphin naiant embowed arg. Crest, A 
buffalo sa. armed or. Burke's General Armory. Of this family were Sir John Fitz-James, Cbief Justice 
of the King's Bench, temp. Hen. VIII. and his uncle Richard Fitz-James, bishop of London, who d. Jan. 
1521-2, and whose will was proved P.C.C. 22 May, 1522. Book Ayloffe 3 There is a gate in the 
garden of Fulham Palace which bears the arms of the bishop, who was transl. to London 2 Aug. 1506. 
Loftie's Hist, of London, ii. 16. 

b Proved P.C.C. 19 Sept. 1670 by Grace and Eleanor, the daughters, now of age, and Margaret, the 
mother and guardian of Frances, Margaret and Katherine, minors, John, the son, having died in his father's 
lifetime. Book Penn, 118. Sir John Fitz-James was bur. at Long Burton 23 June 1670, aged 51. 

c Margaret, dau. of Nathaniel Stephens of Estington, co. Glouc. esq. whose will was pr. P.C.C. as 
dwelling in St. Clement Danes, London, 6 June 1661, by Richard Stephens, his eldest son and heir. 
Book May 101. Per chev. az. and arg. in chief two falcons volant or. Burke's General Armory. Lady 
Fitz-James d. 9 Oct. 1685, aged 71. Harl. MSS. 1041 f. 122", 1543, f. 110 b . Visitations of Gloucester- 
shire, 1583, 1623. 

d See Burke's Landed Gentry, Strode of Newnham. William Strode, of this family, was one of the 
Five Members impeached by Charles I. — " one of those ephori," as Clarendon styles him (i. 253), " who 



78 The Parish of East Barnet. 

In his will, dated 25 June I700, a and commencing with the orthodox confession, 
" I doe declare Quod fide qua Infans Baptisatus fui senex morior," he makes a 
bequest "to my very kind sister Katherine Hadley" of 'twenty broad twenty shilling 
pieces of old gold, with my hearty thanks unto her for her great care and kindness 
unto me in her breeding up of my daughter Grace Thynne," the only child of 
the marriage. Concerning this little grand-daughter Lady Fitz-James wrote from 
East Barnet, b on the 16 Aug. 1683, to Sir George Strode : — " Dear Son, I received 
your letter the 28th of July, which I am very badly able to answer, by reason 
I have the gout in my right hand. All I can say is that your girl is very well 
here." 

In the 3rd Report of Historical MSS. p. 121 reference is made to a quarto 
volume in the Alnwick Castle collection, containing an entry in the handwriting 
of Grace Strode (afterwards M rs . Thynne), whose property it was: — "This is 
Eadithe Beales c boke Ap. 7 1567 ; "— " Grace Strode her book Ap. 29 1693. 
This book was my grandmother Fitzjames' grandmother Beale's, who was att 
Paris in the Massicar of St. Bartholumus day, in the rain of Charles IX of 
France." d This lady married Henry Thynne, only son of Thomas, first viscount 
Weymouth, who died in 1708, in his father's lifetime. Two daughters, Frances 
and Mary, were the issue of the marriage, of whom the former married Algernon 
Seymour, seventh duke of Somerset, and the latter William Greville, lord Brooke. 
It was at Leweston House, the hon. Mrs. Thynne's residence, that bishop Ken 



most avowed the curbing and suppressing of majesty." In Leweston chapel is the inscription : — " Here 
lieth Sir George Strode, kt. and Serjeant at law, second son of Sir John Strode of Parnham, and Ann 
his wife, eldest daughter of Sir John Wyndham of Orchard, Somerset. He married Grace, one of the 
daughters and co-heirs of Sir John Fitzjames of Leweston, who was buried in the Parish of Long 
Burton, but removed from thence to this Vault, where they both rest together in hopes of a joyful 
Resurrection. He was in the 75th year of his age and died Oct. 24th, 1701." 

a Proved P.C.C. 18 April 1702 by George Hadley, power being reserved to John Wyndham and 
Thomas Strode, the other executors named. Book Heme 67. 

b MSS. at Alnwick Castle, vol. xix. 

c Nathaniel Stephens of Estington, bap. 29 May 1589, bur. 30 May 1660, m. Catherine, one of the 
daughters of Robert Beale, of Priors Marston, "Warwickshire, Clerk of the Council to Qu. Eliz. who 
married Edith, daughter of Henry St. Barbe, by Eleanor, daughter of Edward Lewknor of Kingston 
bowsey (Kingston by sea). Chequy arg. and sa. Crest, a wyvern sa. Harl. MS. 1385, f. 37, Visitation 
of Somersetshire 1753. 

d MS. collections for the family of Fitzjames, by the Rev. Frederick Brown (kindly communicated). 

c See Chester's Westminster Abbey Registers, 387, note 3. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 79 

was on a visit, when he was seized with his fatal illness in March 1711, and he 
removed thence to Longleat, where he died. 

Mr. George Hadley, second of the name, was evidently a person of consider- 
ation in his neighbourhood. He was elected a Governor of the Barnet Grammar 
School, 4 February 1688-9, and in 1691 served the office of high sheriff of Hert- 
fordshire. 51 In his will, dated 1 April 1721, b he leaves to his son George £1800, 
which, with the chambers he had purchased for him in Lincoln's Inn, and the 
furniture thereof, is in full of his portion, to his son Henry £2000, and to his said 
sons George and Henry an annuity of £20 each for their lives, charged on his 
manor of Bournhall and lands at Bushey/ £20 are left to the poor of East 
Barnet, and the residuary estate to his son John, c his heirs and assigns for ever. 
Mrs. Hadley had predeceased her husband, and was buried at East Barnet 
25 November 1712. 

John Hadley, the eldest son, devoted himself to scientific pursuits, and 
became vice-president of the Royal Society. He was the inventor of a curious 
sea-quadrant, and to him we owe reflecting telescopes on Sir Isaac Newton's 
theory.' The article upon him in the Biographic Universelle,* concluding with 
a list of his published writings, says, " On ne connait aucune particularite de la 
vie de Hadley, ni l'epoque de sa mort : car aucune des biographies anglaises que 
nous connaissons ne fait mention de cet auteur." He was probably one of those 
unobtrusive and independent workers, of whom this country has frequently had 
cause to be proud, who pursue inquiry for its own sake, and with only a secon- 
dary, if any, regard to personal fame. Mr. Hadley was called away in the 
prime of life and in the fulness of his powers, 14 February 1713-4, aged 61, and 
was buried at East Barnet on the 22 of the same month. Perhaps, notwith- 
standing the ignorance of the Biographie Ujiiue?*selle, the funeral of such an one 
attracted a larger assemblage than ordinary to the quiet village churchyard. 

a Clutterbuck i. xxxiii. The office was not again filled from East Barnet until the nomination of 
Frederick Cass, esq. of Little Grove, in 1844. 

b Proved P.CC. 4 Feb. 1728-9 by John, George, and Henry, the sons. Book Abbott 43. Mr. Hadley 
was bur. 27 Jan. 1728-9. East Barnet Par. Keg. 

c Elected a governor of the Grammar Sch. 9 Oct. 1732. 

d George Hadley, esq. of East Barnet, purchased the manor of Bushey in 1687. It descended to his 
grandson, John Hadley, who sold it in 1770. Clutterbuck i. 339, Bushey. 

e Elected a governor of the Grammar Sch. 22 Aug. 1720. 

f Gent's Mag. 

s Biog. Univ. Art. on Sir John Hadley. 



80 The Parish of East Barnet. 

His will, in which he is described as of East Barnet, and of St. George's Blooms- 
bury, bears the date 1 April 1742. a Recording- that his marriage articles were 
signed 5 June 1734, Sir Hans Sloane, bart. being one of the trustees, and that 
£3000 was the marriage-portion of his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Hodges," esq., deceased, he settles upon her for life, in lieu of dower, all the 
rents and profits of his lands at East Barnet and in the parishes of Edmonton 
and Enfield, "with power to fell and take away 20 of the most seasonable 
timber-trees each year in Ousage or Coleswood in the usual course of the 
fails of wood." He further gives her the use of the furniture of his house 
at East Barnet for life, and so much from his house in London, (in the parish 
of St. George's, Bloomsbury) as may be necessary to furnish it completely, 
as well as his coach and chariot, his pair of coach horses, and the enamelled 
picture of her late father. To the poor of East Barnet he leaves £15, and to his 
nephew Hadley Cox, c son of Mr. John Cox, "the two pictures of his said father 
one in enamel by Mr. Zink, a the other in oyl by Mr. Dahl." The residuary and 
reversionary real and personal estate goes to John Hadley, his only child, but 
should he (testator) chance to die without surviving issue, he nominates his 
brother George his heir. Elizabeth, his widow, died 15 September 1752, e and 
was buried with her husband at East Barnet. 

Mr. George Hadley, of Lincoln's Inn, the brother whom John Hadley, in 
the contingency of a failure of his own issue, constituted his heir, lived to an 
advanced age. He died 28 June 1768, in his 84th year, and was buried in the 
chancel at Elitton in Bedfordshire, where his nephew, archdeacon Hadley Cox, 

a Proved P.C.C. 27 Feb. 1743-4 by George Hadley, the bro. power being reserved to Elizabeth, the 
relict, and Henry the bro. Cook Anstis 42. 

b 6 May 1734, Admin. P.C.C. of Thomas Hodges esq. of St. George's Bloomsbury, widower, was 
granted to Elizabeth Hodges Spr. the daughter. 

c B.A. of Corpus Christi, or Bene't, Coll. Camb. 1742, M.A. 174G, afterwards fellow ; rector of 
Fordham near Colchester, 13 July 1750, which he resigned 17G3 ; rector of Blunham and vicar of 
Flitton with Silsoe co. Bedf. archdeacon of Bedford 20 March 1771. He mar. Charlotte eldest dau. of 
General John Parslow, colonel of the 30th Regt. (d. at Bath 15 Nov. 178G). He was bur. at Flitton 
4 Apr. 1782, and his will was pr. P.C.C. on the 20 Apr. following. Book Gostling 169. Le Neve, Fasti. 
Eccl. Angl. ii. 7G; Morant's Essex, i. 229; Gent's Mag. 11 June and 15 Nov. 1786. 

d Chretien Frederic Zincke, " excellent peintre en emaux, naquit a Dresde, vers 1684, et vint a l'age 
de 22 ans en Angleterre." Biog. Univ. He d. in England in March 1767, having retired in 1746 to his 
house in South Lambeth. 

c Bur. 21 Sep. Par. Reg. Admin, of Elizabeth Hadley, of East Barnet, widow was gr. to George 
Hadley esq. curator and guardian of John Hadley, a minor, only child of deceased, 30 Oct. 1752. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 81 

placed a tablet to his memory, which still remains. By his will, bearing the date 
23 Nov. I767, a he leaves to his nephew John Hadley, esq. all his household 
snoods and books which are in the latter's house at East Barnet, and likewise his 
father's bust by Kysbrock. To his nephew, the aforesaid Hadley Cox, he 
bequeaths his " silver watch made by Mr. Graham." George Graham, one of the 
most celebrated clock and watch makers of his day, was a native of Cumberland 
and a member of the Society of Friends. He married Elizabeth Tompion, niece 
of Thomas Tompion, called the " Eather of English watch makers," and was 
buried in "Westminster Abbey, in the same grave with his master Tompion, 23 
Nov. 1751, being 78 years of age. 1 ' An anecdote is recorded of him, which seems 
worthy of reproduction, as illustrating both the precision of his workmanship and 
the independence of spirit by which he was personally actuated. A purchaser, 
who had given an order for one of his watches, mentioned, upon calling to take 
it away, that he was likely to spend nearly seven years in the East Indies, and 
expressed an anxiety to learn beforehand up to what point he might count upon 
its accuracy. " Sir," replied Graham, " this is a watch which I have made and 
regulated myself ; take it where you please ; if at the end of seven years you can 
report to me a variation of five minutes, I will return you your money." After 
an absence of more than seven years, the customer again presented himself, and 
with an affectation of seriousness said, " I bring you back your watch, Sir." 
" I remember the conditions," rejoined Graham ; " let me look at it. Well, 
what complaint have you got to make ? " " What complaint have I got to 
make ! Simply this, that it has lost more than five minutes since I bought it." 
"Indeed ! In this case, I insist upon giving you back your money." a What do 
you mean ? " exclaimed the now startled visitor. " I mean," returned the other, 
" that I intend to fulfil my stipulation." " Surely you are not in earnest ? " 
" Never more so." " I would not give up my watch for ten times the price I 
paid you for it." "And I would not break my word for any consideration in 
the world," retorted the watchmaker; "with me a promise once made is sacred. 
I agreed, under specified conditions, to take the watch back. In consequence 
of that agreement, you have returned it to me. No power upon earth shall 
compel me to cancel my bargain." Nothing would induce him to relent, and 
the watch served as his regulator up to the hour of his death. 

In this watchmaker the brothers Hadley, interested as they were in scientific 

a Proved P.C.C. 6 July 1768. Book Becker 280. b Westminster Abbey Registers, 278, 382. 

c Biocj. Univ. 

L 



82 The Parish of East Barnet. 

pursuits, would have recognised a kindred spirit ; and it is not improbable that 
certain of their investigations may even have been conducted in company. 
Evidently the watch left by Mr. George Hadley to his nephew was held in 
singular estimation by its recipient who, when he came to make his own will, 
had a tender care for its reverent custody. To his eldest son James Hadley Cox 
he bequeaths it, " on condition that he keeps it as a Memorial never to be parted 
with. Also I give to my said son my ^Reflecting Telescope, upon the like con- 
dition that he never part with it, it being the first of the sort that ever was 
made, invented by my late uncle, John Hadley esq. and made under the direction 
and with the assistance of his two brothers, George and Henry." 

During the years that followed Mr. John Hadley's death in 1743 the original 
Ussage House seems to have been pulled down, and a few years later John 
Hadley, the son and heir who, in March 1770, is described as of Copford co. 
Essex, disposed of the whole of his East Barnet property. In July 1774 he sold 
to Robert Bulkeley of Barlow's Buildings, near Blackfriars bridge, gent, for 
£8,986 7s., inter alia, a wood called Ussage Wood, whereon a messuage called 
Ussage House formerly stood, and the purchaser immediately mortgaged the 
same for £6,000 to the Bev. John Haggard/ the younger, of Bennington co. 
Herts, clerk, and William Henry Haggard, his brother, of Boston co. Line. esq. 
Mr. Bulkeley was originally a grocer in Chester, then a sugar-broker in London, 
and afterwards a speculator in land and timber on Enfield Chace, where he 
held under the Crown a considerable allotment. His adventures do not appear 
to have been successful, and he became largely indebted both in this and in 
building schemes in London. He died at Dulwich in December 1787, b and was 
buried at Chester, where his father resided. In March 1785 he had made a 
further mortgage to Thomas Bulkeley of Bulkeley co. Chester, gent., and in 
September 1788 the latter, as executor, neither principal nor interest having 
been paid, conveyed the equity of redemption to the Haggards, who, in August 
1790, sold the estate to John Kingston esq. of Lower Grosvenor Street for 
£7,350. Mr. Kingston, in May 1778, had married Jane, younger daughter of 
Valentine Knightley M.P. of Eawsley Park co. Northampton, and in September 
1797 united with his wife in settling the property in trust. He rebuilt Ussage 
House which, in October 1808, his trustees sold for £12,350 to Thomas Lambert 

a Elder son of John Haggard, esq. who d. in 1776 ; appointed rector of Bennington 11 Mar. 1775 ; 
died 21 March 1813, aged 90. Clutterbuck's Herts ii. 289, 292. 
b Gent.'s Mag. 1788, p. 180. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 83 

esq., who had been for many years resident at Oporto. The latter died at East 
Barnet a 3 November 1832 aged 85, and his will was proved by his nephews 
Daniel and John Lambert, the former being his heir at law. In 1834 the estate, 
consisting of 48 acres , b was purchased by the late Augustus Henry Bosanquet 
esq. at whose death, at Ramsgate, in 1877, it came to his widow, Mrs. Louisa 
Priscilla Bosanquet, eldest daughter of the late David Bevan esq. of Belmont, 
East Barnet. She died at Hamsgate in 1883, and the property has since been 
resold. 

MONKEN EBITH, NOW OAK HILL. 

Allusion has been made already to the early notices of Monken Erith, a 
name dating from remote times, and which was only exchanged for the colourless 
designation of Oak Hill towards the close of the last century. The lands of 
Monkefrythe were included in the grant to Goodwyn and Maynard and, like 
Owsage Wood, were at that period held under a lease by Thomas Savage, gent. d 
to whom they were subsequently conveyed by the grantees. In 1632 we find 
William Johnson, esq. a contributor to the repairs of the church, inhabiting the 
Erith, but his connection with the parish commenced several years previously. 
The baptism of William, son of William Johnson, is recorded 3 Jan. 1615-16,° 
and on 19 May 1618, 16 Jac. the Lords of the manor granted to William 
Johnson and Ralph Gill, esquires, John Bea, and Thomas Kimpton, gentlemen, 
for seven years, a piece of waste land adjacent to the mansion-house of the said 
Ilalph Gill, called Dudmans/ and adjoining the King's highway leading from 
Edmonton to Chipping Barnet. The name last appears in the register, 9 May, 
1644, when Mary, daughter of William and Angelett Johnson, was baptized. 
This was probably a son of the former, as Mr. William Greene in his will, dated 
11 July, 1642," appoints his friend William Johnson the elder, of East Barnet, 
one of the overseers, and in a codicil, dated 20 Apr. 1645, substitutes Mr. Eenton 
Parsons, who had married his eldest daughter, for Mr. Johnson the elder, his 
father-in-law, who had "removed his habitacon into Lincolnshire." Mr. Johnson 
had been appointed a Governor of the Barnet Grammar School 29 May 1634, 
but was deceased and his successor chosen, 20 Eeb. 1645-46.' 1 

a Genth Mag. 1832, p. 484. » Osidge title deeds. 

c Supra, p. 13. d Supra, pp. 20, 21. 

c Par. Eeg. f Most likely West Farm, at Cockfosters. 

s Proved P.C.C. 18 March 1645-0. Book Twisse 29. h Grammar Sell. Minute Book. 

L2 



81 The Parish of East Bar net. 

In the year 16(30, licence a was given by the Crown to Sir Edward Alston, 
knt. pensioner in ordinary to the King, to impark the Frith House and 160 
acres of his own land. The petition is dated 30 Aug. 1660, and the terms of 
the grant are as follows : — " Tot' ill' messuag. sive dom. vocat. sive cognit. p 
noen de ifrith house cum omnib5 ill' pcell hose. prat, et pastur' eidem domo 
adiaceu' vocat' p noia de Barne feild (12 acres) Three Corner feild (3 acres) 
Broome feild (5 acres) Hanging feild (6 acres) the Brickhill feild (12 acres) ac 
tot. ill. bosc. vocat. the home Wood (20 acres) ac tot. ill. bosc. vocat. Coales 
Wood et milwood (66 acres) ac tot. ill. dom. ac Claus. vocat. Perkins house et 
close (1 acre) ac tot. ill. terr' vocat. the Chace feild (19 acres) ac tot. ill. pcell 
terr' vocat. the Warren (16 acres) Et volumus &c. qd pfat. Edriis Alston &c. 
pare, inde facere et tenere &c. At Westminster 12 Sep. 12. Car. 2." 

There are grounds for supposing that the connection of the Alston family 
with East Barnet commenced at least as early as the year 1656.'' Sir Edward, 
a member of the Inner Temple, described as of Strixton and, in his will, as of 
Bozeat, co. Northampton knt., was the son of Thomas Alston, of Polstead, 
Suffolk, by Frances his wife, who married, secondly, Sir John Temple knt., of 
Stantonbury co. Bucks. An elder son of the same parents, Sir Thomas Alston, 
also of the Inner Temple/ 1 and of Odell co. Bedford knt. was created a baronet 
13 June 1612 and died in 1678. Descended from a common ancestor was another 

:1 Patent Rolls 12 Car. 2, pt. 35, No. 33, Lysons iv. 10. State Papers Dom. 

b In Gunton and Rolfe's map of Enfield Chace, of 165t<, the name of Wm. Altone esq. is set down at 
Monken Frith. The names of Edward Alston and Hester his wife also occur in a deed of 1G Oct. 165G. 

c Strixton and Bozeat are contiguous villages near Wellinghorough. 

d Ancestor of the Alstons of Odell. His will, dated 25 April, was pr. P.C.C. 19 July 1G78. Book 
Peeve 73. The haronetcy became extinct 29 June 1G90. Admin, of Frances Mounson (daughter of William 
lord viscount Mounson), late of East Barnet, dec' 1 , was granted P.C.C. 18 July 1GG0 to Sir Thomas Alston 
knt. and hart, uncle and guardian of Alston Mounson, a minor, brother of the deceased. Sir William 
Monson, 2nd son of Thomas Monson, cr. a baronet 29 June 1611, and brother of Sir John, who succ. as 
2nd baronet, 29 May 1641, was cr. viscount Monson of Castlemaine co. Kerry 23 Aug. 1G28 by Charles I. 
His father, Sir Thomas Monson, Master of the Armoury at the Tower, had been suspected of complicity 
in the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury but, when on the eve of trial, the evidence was judged 
insufficient and he was liberated on bail. S. P. Gardiner, Hist, of England, ii. 180, 345, 363. Lord 
Monson, having been instrumental in procuring the King's death, though he did not sign the warrant. 
was degraded of his honours, 12 July, 1661, and sentenced with Sir Henry Mildmay and Mr. Robert 
Wallop to be drawn in sledges, with ropes about their necks, from the Tower to Tyburn and back, and there 
to remain prisoners for life. Pepys saw, on the 27 Jan. 1661-62, when about to take water at Tower 
Hill, the three " sleddes " standing there ready to transport the prisoners to Tyburn, and states that the 



Arms of Alston. — Az. ten 
Crest. — Oat of a crescent a 



Between pages 84 and 85, 



Dorothy, dau. and coheir=pThomas Alston, of=p 



of Henry Holmsted, esq. 
of Maplested, co. Essex, 
1 wife. 



Edwardston, co. 
Suff. 



* 



I ' 1 

=William Alston, eldest son,=j=A Elizabeth=j=Ralph Northey. 



-H 



of Saymchall, gent. Will 
pr. P.C.C. 17 Feb. 1033-4. 

n—r-r+-i j— m 

William, eld. son. Joseprj 

Ralph. Benjaj 

Edward. JacobJ 

Thomas. Jonas. 

Margery, m. Francis Cole- Tobiaj 

man, gent. Anne, 

Elizabeth, m. ... Chaplin. Jane. 



r+T-i 
Elizabeth. 

Ralph. 

Edward. 

Margery. 



Margery =p Valentine 
Parker. 



Augustine. 
Susan. 



Edward Alston, of=pMorgaret, dau. and heir 



Edwardston, esq. 



of Arthur Penning, of 
Kettleborongh, co. Suff. 
esq. 



1. William Alston, 
eldest son, of the 
Inner Temple, b. at 
Newton, co. Suff.; 
d. unm. ; bur. at 
Odell. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 8 March 
1637-8. 



2. Sir Thomas Alstjf=j=Susanna, 



knt. of the Int. 
Temple, and of Odj. 
co. Bedf. cr. a barof- 
13 June 1642. B;, 
at Odell. Will d 
P.C.C. 19 July, It. 



dau. of 
Christopher 
Hudson, 
esq. of 
Norwich. 



Sir Joseph: 
Alston, of 
Chelsea, cr. 
a baronet 
20 Jan. 
1681. Bur. 
at Chelsea, 
31 May 
1688. 



Mary Crook- 
enberg, dau. 
of a Dutch 
merchant of 
Bergen-op- 
Zoom. 



Penning Alston, of St.= 
Botolph's without 
Aldersgate, grocer, b. 
at Edwardston, bur. at 
St. Botolph's. Willpr. 
P.C C. 14 May, i668. 



Judith, bur. at 
St. Botolph's. 
Will pr. 
P.C.C. 2 June. 
1683 (3). 



Sarah Alston,=. 
only child. 



Harrington. 



Elizabeth Alston, 
m. ... Gilbert? 



Elizabeth Gilbert, 
m. ... Finuey. 



Sir Rowland Alston,: 
2nd bart. Baronetcy 
extinct 29 June, 
1790. 



Frances, mar. SSir James 
Pickering. Langham, 
Elizabeth, mar. bart. 

Staunton, esq, 



Henry Booth, carl of 
Warrington. 



ry of his brother, 



Sarah Alston, d. s. p. Mar. 1st. 
George, eld. son of Sir Har- 
bottle Grimston, bart. ; 2nd, 
John, 4th duke of Somerset ; 
3rd, Henry, lord Coleraine. 



Sir Joseph Alston, 2nd l>art.=pCharlotte. 
of Long Ditton, co. Surr. 
d. at Bath. Admin. P.C.C. 
6 June, 1716. Baronetcy 
extinct in 1783. 



PMward. 



Penelopc=John Hoar. 



The 'Parish of East JBarnet. 85 

Sir Edward Alston knt. M.D., a and President of the College of Physicians, son 
of Edward Alston of Edwardston, Suffolk. Amongst the bequests in his will, 
dated 24 November 1669, b in which he is described as of the parish of Great 
St. Helen's, w^e find " to Mr. Nockett a Brickler that lived in St. Mary Hill, and 
bricked up my Valt there that preserved my goods in the tyme of the great Afire 
fforty shillings." This testamentary notice of services rendered whilst the flames 
were raging affords us a glimpse of precautions that were doubtless hurriedly 
taken in every part of the city, whenever time permitted. 

Sir Edward Alston of Strixton had issue by Hester his wife, daughter of Sir 
William Ashcombe of Ascot under Wychwood, co. Oxon, William, Thomas, 
John,' 1 Edward and Charles, and three daughters, Erances, Catherine f and 
Hester. By Lease and Release of 23 and 24 Aug. 1682 between Sir Edward 
Alston knt. and William g Alston his son and heir apparent, of the one part, and 
George Hadley esq. of the other, the property at East Barnet was conveyed to 
Mr. Hadley in fee simple. Sir Edward died shortly afterwards, his will, dated 
25 Nov. 1682, being proved P. C. C. 12 Jan. 1682-3.' 1 

There is nothing to guide us to the successive occupants of Monken Erith 
subsequent to Mr. Hadley's purchase, but it is presumable that he continued to 
reside at Ussage, and that his later acquisition was inhabited by tenants. Ussage 

punishment was to be repeated every year, this being the day of their sentencing the King. Lord Monson 
was three times married; his second wife being Frances, daughter of Thomas Alston of Polstead. Collins' 
Peerage, ed. 1812, vii. 239. Burke's Extinct Peerage. 

a Joseph Alston, his younger brother, was cr. a bart. 20 Jan. 1681. This baronetcy became extinct 
in 1783. 

b Pr. P.C.C. 24 Jan. 1669-70. Book Penn 2. From Harl. MS. 1358, f. 21 b , containing arms from 
the Visitation of London 1633-4, it would seem that Dr. Alston resided at that date within the limits of 
Billingsgate Ward. 

c Sir Edward, Le Neve, Knights. 

a John Alston, " was distempered in his head by a blow of a quarter-staff," and his bro. Charles 
possessed Strixton as his curator. Le Neve Knights. 

c Charles Alston, B.A. of Clare Coll. Camb. 16G9, M.A. 1G73, D.D. 1685 ; vicar of Northall, Midd. 
14 March 1684, where he rebuilt the vicarage circa 1G92; archdeacon of Essex 17 July 1G89 ; prebendary 
of Mora, St. Paul's Cathedral 30 Apr. 1681, and in 1707 chaplain to the bishop of London (Compton). 
Newcourt i. 74, 182, 703. Lyons iii. 313. 

f She mar. — Wiseman, and her son John Wiseman inherited Strixton after his uncle Charles 
Alston's death. 

s To William, his eldest son, Sir Edward bequeathed his coach and harness and both his suits of 
armour. 

11 Book Drax 1. 



86 The Parish of East Barnet. 

House, as we have seen, was pulled down at some period after the death of his 
son John Hadley, and we next hear of Chief Justice De Grey, afterwards the first 
lord Walsinghani, at Monken Frith as Mr. Hadley's tenant. William De Grey, 
who became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in 1771, married in 1743 Mary 
daughter of William Cowper esq. M.P. for Hertford, first cousin of the poet. He 
resigned his seat on the bench in June 1780, was created lord Walsingham in the 
following October, died 9 May 1781, and was buried with his ancestors at Merton 
in Norfolk. " He was a most accomplished lawyer, and of the most extraordinary 
power of memory." "I have seen him," says Lord Eldon, "come into court with 
both hands wrapped up in flannel, from gout. He could not take a note, and 
had no one to do so for him. I have known him try a cause which lasted nine 
or ten hours, and then, from memory, sum up all the evidence with the greatest 
correctness." a The judicial bench was strongly represented at East Barnet about 
this time. Whilst Chief Justice De Grey tenanted Monken Erith, Mr. Justice 
Willes owned Little Grove and Sir William Ashhurst resided at Belmont. 

Transactions in connection with the property succeeded one another rapidly 
after this period. Mr. John Hadley, whom we now find described as of 
Copford, disposed of the whole of his estates in Hertfordshire, and by bargain 
and sale of 23 June 1774 conveyed to Robert Udny of Cavendish Square esq. 
for £4,020 Ss. 9d. a messuage and farm in the occupation of Richard Abbott. 
A large portion b of the present Oak Hill, including all the park beyond the 
brook, passed by this conveyance. By another bargain and sale of 13 July in 
the same year he sold to Robert Bulkeley, of Barlow's Buildings, " all that 
capital messuage or mansion house now or heretofore called or known by the 
name of Moncken ffrieth alias Monckham ffrieth alias the ffrieth and situate 
standing and being upon or adjoining to Enfield Chase near to a place then 
called Bourn Gate and within the parish of East Barnet in the county of 
Hertford, &c." and the purchaser, by deed of even date, included the premises in 
his mortgage to the Haggards. In the following year one Erancis Charlton esq. 
of Welbeck St. purchased Monken Erith at an auction but, declining to complete, 
Mr. Bulkeley disposed of the same, on the 17 June of that year, to Mr. Udny 
who, it is probable, had been previously residing at Bohun Place, or Lodge,, 
which in 1775 he sold to Jacob Baker esq. 



a Foss, Judges, viii. 2G4. 

b 68rt. Br. 18p. Monken Frith was 55«. 2?\ 4^.=124a. 1?-. 22/). 

c Vide supra, p. 82. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 87 

On 2 Nov. 1776 Robert Udny, a described in the deed as of the City of 
London, merchant, in consideration of £0000, exclusive of the timber, valued at 
£818. 14. 0, conveyed the mansion of Monken Frith, with the adjoining lands, 
and Abbott's farm, to Richard Arnold of Chancery Lane, esq. who, in April of 
the following year, received a grant b in fee of 10 acres of land in Enfield Chace, 
abutting on the north upon other chace land of which Jacob Baker, oC Bohun 
Place, was declared the purchaser. In Jan. 1777 all the above premises were 
mortgaged to Alexander Wynch esq. of Upper Harley St. Mr. Arnold appears 
to have fallen into difficulties, and in Oct. 1786 was resident in France, being 
described as " late of Barnet.' 1 In June 1790, as of Cantleston Castle at Bridgend 
co. Glamorgan, he effected an exchange of land at East Barnet with Mrs. Willes, 
the widow of Mr. Justice Willes. 

By lease and release of 24 and 25 Dec. 1790, John Kingston esq. acquired, at 
the price of £7000, " all that capital messuage or mansion house, called Oak c 
hill, lately erected and built upon the site of the capital messuage or mansion 
house heretofore called or known by the name of Moncken Freith, otherwise 
Monkham Freith, otherwise the Freith situate upon or adjoining to Enfield 
Chace, near to a place there called Bourn Gate and within the parish of East 
Barnet, together with the free use, exercise, and enjoyment of the ancient and 
accustomed Church path leading from the said mansion house to the parish 
church of East Barnet, which said capital messuage was lately in the tenure of 
the right honourable Sir William De Grey, knight, as tenant thereof under 
John Hadley, and the said capital messuage, &c, were lately in the tenure of 
Richard Arnold and afterwards of Florentia Wynch (widow of Alexander) 
William Wynch (his eldest son and heir) and Edward Watts, their undertenants 
and assigns. 

Mrs. Jane Kingston, wife of John Kingston esq. M.P. for Lymington, died 
3 July 1810, and by lease and release, dated 6 and 7 December in that year, 
Mr. Kingston, now described as of Stratford Place co. Middlesex, sold to Sir 
Simon Haughton Clarke, late of the Island of Jamaica, but then of Hampstead 
co. Middlesex, bart. for £18,900 the Monken Frith or Oak Hill estate. Here, 
during the earlier years of his occupancy, was collected a celebrated gallery of 

a Arms of Udny upon a seal affixed to this deed, — Gu. a stag's head with ten tynes cabossed or, 
betw. two greyhounds counter-salient arg. collared of the field, in chief and base three fleurs de lis, two 
and one, of the second. Crest, a fleur de lis gu. 

b Inrolled 28 June 1777. 

c It would seem from this that the change of name occurred during Mr. Arnold's occupancy. 



88 The Parish of Fast Barnet. 

pictures long since dispersed. He had inherited a baronetcy, dating from the 
year 1617, and died at Oak Hill in August 1832, leaving an elder son and suc- 
cessor of the same name, who died unmarried in April 1849, being succeeded by 
his brother Sir Philip Haughton Clarke, present and 11th baronet. Oak Hill 
continued in the occupation of the family for several years after the death of 
Catherine, Lady Clarke, in 1837. It was subsequently tenanted for a short 
period by the distinguished scholar and writer, Chevalier, afterwards Baron, 
Bunsen, many years Prussian ambassador to the Court of St. James's, statesman 
theologian, archaeologist, historian, and philologist, the friend of Niebuhr and of 
Arnold of Rugby, who removed hence to Totteridge Park. Mr. Pelly, afterwards 
Sir John Henry Pelly bart. followed Baron Bunsen at Oak Hill, wiiich passed 
out of the possession of the Clarkes into that of the late Lord Peversham in 1856. 
In 1862 it was again sold to the late Charles Baring Young esq. second son of Sir 
Samuel Young bart. who married, in 1843, Eliza, second daughter of S. "Wmthrop 
esq. M.D., and died 10 Dec. 1882 at his town residence in Hyde-park-terrace, 
aged 81. It is now the property of Charles Edward Baring Young esq. barrister 
at law, of Trinity College, Cambridge, their eldest son, who has lately become 
the owner of the Daylesford estate in Gloucestershire, best known as the property 
and residence of Warren Hastings. 



LITTLE GROVE. 



On the brow of the rising ground that overlooks the village from the east, 
and to the right of the road leading up from Doggett's hill to the point where 
Bourn Gate, at the boundary of Hertfordshire and Middlesex, formerly marked 
the commencement of Enfield Chace, Mr. John Cotton, of the Middle Temple, 
erected, in the year 1719, his residence of New Place. The arms of the Cotton 
family, an eagle displayed, are still conspicuous upon the headings of the leaden 
pipes that carry the water from the roof at the four angles of the central 
building. A contemporary engraving, which has been reproduced for this work, 
shews that the house consisted originally of a square two-storied mansion, with 
its entrance towards the west, approached by a court-yard flanked by offices and 
stabling, and inclosed by grilles of open iron-work. The property attached to it 
was composed of a number of small closes or meadows subsequently united, 
during the occupancy of the TTilles family, into one large parklike inclosure. 

Although the existing mansion was not built until this period, a house called 



The Parish of East Barnet. 89 

Little Grove had previously occupied the site. The name of New Place, if it 
ever received acceptance, was soon abandoned, and the former designation 
restored. Tor the earliest trace of Little Grove we can, however, go back to a 
date anterior to 1719 by nearly two centuries. From the Court rolls of the 
manor it appears that on the 16 April, 2 and 3 Ph. and M. William Copwood, 
gentleman, surrendered unam Gravam voc. Danegrove contiii novem acr. bosci 
pcell unius et xij ccm acr. terrc et bosci voc. Danelond unii Toftu nup Willi Lucas 
sen. contiii &c. iac. inter prytlescroft et Regiam viam &c. et unii pratu voc. 
Burymede &c. unii Toftu &c. voc. Yorkes &c. unii croftu terre voc. homeneld al' 
diet, long croft, with sundry other inclosures, comprising, if not the actual site 
of the house, at all events a portion of the modern Little Grove estate, to the 
use of David Woodroffe, citizen and alderman of LondoD, and Elizabeth his wife 
their heirs and assigns. This surrender was presented at the court held 29 Apr. 
3 and 4 of the same reign, at which latter date we have it further recorded that 
the said William Copwood surrendered to the same uses unam grovam voc. 
Danegrove & Chyrchcgrove nup Will'i Holffe & Eamrycheland and lucas lande 
modo in occupacoe Thome hardwycke. The interest of the Copwood family in 
East Barnet did not terminate altogether with this transaction. On 25 Apr. 
2 Eliz. we find William Copwood and Jane his wife surrendering lyttell 
brownynge to the use of William Goodere of Monken Hadley„ a The Copwoods 
were connected for many years with the neighbouring parish of Totteridge, where 
there are several entries relating to them in the register. 6 John Copwood " of 
Taturrugge co. Hertford esq." the father of William, dates his will 26 March 
1542, 33 Hen. 8, c desiring to be buried in the parish church of Taturrugge in a 
place already declared to his son William. William Copwood, who married 
Jane, daughter of John Brockett, was probably the father, in addition to William 
who died without issue, of George Copwood, concerning whom there is a singular 
notice at the beginning of the Totteridge register : 

1546. George Coopwood was born the twenty-fourth of June beinge Midsomer day one 

thousand five hundred fourty-sixe. Robert Sheffield esq. George Aymorer' 1 and Katherine 

christened him, John Brocket did bishop him. 

a Henry, afterwards Sir Henry, Goodere, of Newgate Street, Hatfield, son and heir of William, 
surrendered the same premises, 18 Apr. 30 Eliz. to Humphry Weld. Vide Supr. p. 31 Can/. Hist, of 
Monken Hadley. 

h 29 June 1587 William Coopwood getle'man bur. 25 May 1615 Elizabeth Copwood, wife of George 
Copwood, bur. 21 Apr. 162G George Copewood gentleman bur. 

c Proved P.C.C. 2C June 1542. Book Spert 7. 

d George Armorer was curate of Totteridge in 1542. Will of John Copwood. 

M 



90 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



Brigit was borne the viij fh day of December, 
the first yeare of Queene Mary. 



Dority was borne the xxj clay of Januarie in 



P^lirjr L ^ nf COPWOOD, of Totteridge, co. Hertford. 



John" Cop\vood, of Totteridge, esq.=p 
Will pr. P.C.C. 26 June, 1542. | 



...., dan. of Fitzherbert, 

of Derbyshire. 



1. William 
Copwood, 
of Totte- 
ridge. 



=Jane, dan. of John Brocket, of 
Brocket Hall, and sister of Sir 
John Brocket, knt. of the same. 
Will pr. P.C.C. as of Bulbie, parish 
of Iraham, co. Line. 27 June, 15S9. 
Book Leicester 58. 



>. Puchard Eose= William Heaton, 
Copwood. or Eaton, of 

London, mer- 
chant taylor. 



— I 
Audrey=p 



Sir James 
Hawes, knt. 
alderman, 
lord mayor 
1574. b 



William Copwood, 
of Totteridge. 
Admin. P.C.C. 5 
July, 15S5, granted 
to Margaret Poyn- 
ter and Sophia 
Thimbleby, the 
sisters. 



Margaret=p... Poynter.' 



Sophia d =pEdmond 

Thimbleby. 
Will of 
Jane Cop- 
wood. 



i 
John 
Hawes. 



Elizabeth 
m. Thomas 
Wilford, of 
London, 
merchant 
taylor. 



Mary m. 
Sir John 
Watts, 
knt. lord 
mayor 
1606. 



Margaret. 



Edward Poynter. 



Anne. 



Katherine Thimbleby. 



Aems. Arg. a pile in bend sa. fimbriated and engr. gu. betw. two eagles displ. vert, beaked and legged gu. 
Crest. An eagle with wings endorsed or. e 

Alderman David Woodroffe, citizen and haberdasher of London, to whom the 
surrender of William Copwood' s property at East Barnet was made, was of 
Devonshire extraction, the son of John Woodroffe, or Woodreve, of Uffculme, in 
that county. He was appointed sheriff in 1554, his colleague being William 
Chester, and, in this capacity, had to preside at the executions of the Protestant 
martyrs, Rogers, Monday, 4 Feb. 1555, and Bradford, later in the same year. 
John Poxe, the martyrologist, takes note of and condemns his behaviour on 
these occasions, contrasting it unfavourably with the gentler conduct of his 
co-official. He alleges that he addressed the sufferers with cruel harshness at the 
stake, not permitting them to speak, ordering their hands to be tied to prevent 
the bystanders shewing their sympathy by taking hold of them, and even goes 
so far as to accuse him of laughing at their agonies. When the alderman was 
stricken with paralysis of the right side, within six months afterwards, Poxe sees 

a Admin, c. T. of the will of Henry Taillor of Barnet gent, was granted to John Copewode 27 Feb. 
1493-94. St. Albans wills. Book Wallingford 75. There is a bequest towards the repairs of East Barnet 
church. 

b Harl. MS. 1096, ff.77 b , 109. 

c Described as of Norfolk. Harl. MSS. 1433, f.4 b ; 1504, f.39 b . 

d Married . . Kington. Harl. MS. 1504, f.39 b . 

c Harl. MSS. 1433 f.4 b . Visitation of Herts and Surrey 1572 ; 1504 ; f.39 b . 



The Parish of East Barnet. 91 

in it the direct judgment of heaven, a and records how, from the time of the 
seizure until his death, eight years later, he could not be turned in his bed 
without the assistance of two men to lift him in a sheet. 1 ' Machyn's Diary 
contains two other references to him. 

"The xx day of Aprill (1557) dyd pryche docthur Yonge att Santt Mare spyttylle ; and 
ther was my lord mare and xxv althermen, none lackyng butt master Wodderoff, the wyche 
makyth the full nombar of xxvj." c 

The same record likewise gives a detailed account of his funeral. 

"The day of March (1563) was buried master David Woodroffe alderman and haber- 
dasher of London. The chief mornar master Voderoffys eldest son, and next master Stonhowse 
ys sune in lawe, &c." d 

The will of David Woodroffe, dated 26 June 1560, was proved P.C.C. by 
Elizabeth the relict and Nicholas and Stephen the sons, 22 May 1563. Amongst 
other bequests he leaves to his widow for life his dwelling houses at London and 
St. Albans, as well as another house in the latter town called the " flower de 
luce," with remainder to his son Stephen,' besides making this additional provision 
for her ; — " Item I give unto my sayde welbeloved wyef during her naturall lyef 
my house and Landes with thapp r ten a ncs lyeing at Est Barnet And after her 
decease the same my house and lands with thapp r ten a ncs I give unto my sonne 
Robert Woodroof and his heiras for eu." During his lifetime he contributed 
£20 towards the conduit at Bishopsgate. e 

In accordance with alderman Woodroft'e's testamentary dispositions his 
widow took a life interest in the East Barnet property and, at a Court of the 
Manor held on the 27 June, 14 Eliz. it was presented that, on the 23 day of that 
month, Elizabeth Woodroffe of London, widow, had surrendered Danegrove 

a See Contemporary Edition of Foxe's Booh of Martyrs 1503, p. 1215, where it is stated that his arm 
and leg were paralysed. 

b Foxe's Book of Martyrs vi. 609 ; vii. 11)4, ed. of 1838 ; Machyn's Diary, Camd. Soc. Pub. p. 395 
notes. See Biog. Univ. art. John Fox. Froude's Hist, of England vi. 319, 326, 365 note. 

c Machyn's Diary, Camd. Soc. Pub. p. 131. 

A Ibid p. 303. 

e Book Chayre 21. 

f Stephen Woodroffe, by his will, dated 20 Apr. 1576, leaves his house at St. Albans "called the 
flower de lewse," to Bridget his wife for life, with remainder to his son Christopher and bis heirs 
for ever. 

s Stowe's Survey of London. 

M 2 



92 The Parish of Bast Barnet. 

(9 acres) and Dan eland (12 acres), lands lately held by John Cooper, to Nicholas 
Woodroffe, citizen and alderman, who immediately surrendered the same to his 
brother Robert Woodroffe, his heirs and assigns. On the tenth of the following: 
month Mrs. Woodroffe made her will, which contains no reference to East Barnet. 

In the name of God amen. The xth daie off Julye anno Dm 1572 I Elizabeth Woodroffe 
late wief of David Woodroffe late of London alderman being pfitte off mynde thanks be to god, 
Doe ordeine and make this my last will and testament in maner and forme ffollowinge, fBrst I 
comitte my soul to allmightie god my savioure and redeamor in whose blessed passion I hope 
w'hout all doubte to have remission and forgevenes of my synnes, And I will my bodie to be 
buried in the Churche of S l Andrewes Undershafte in the valte where my saied husband lyeth 
buried, And my mynde and will is That all suche debts as in right I owe shall first be paied by 
my executours hereafter named, And I will there shall be bestowed for the performance off my 
buriall and ffuneralls by the good discrecons of my executours the some of twoe hundreth pounds 
off lawfull money off Englande, Item I will that duringe the space of twoe yeares next 
ensewinge my decease That shalbe yerlie aboute the ffeast of S l Michaell tharchangell iiij or Carte 
Loades off great Coales distributed to the Poore people of S l Andrewes Parrishe in London where 
I dwell, And to the poore people of the towne of S l Albones dwellinge w'hin y c Parrishe where 
my house standeth that is to saie in everie of the saied pishes duringe the tyme aforesaid ij loades 
of great coales, Item I give unto Nicholas Woodroofe my soiie to be paied w f hin one yeare next 
after my decease the some of one Hundreth Pounds of lawfull money of england, Item I give to 
my sone Steven Woodrofe to be paied at the like tyme the some off twoe hundreth pounds off 
lawfull money of england, Item I give unto my sone Kobart Woodrofe to be paied at the like 
tyme the some of three hundreth pounds of lawfull money of england, Item I give unto my 
daughter Stonehouse to be paied at the like tyme y e soine of one hundreth pounds of lawfull 
money of england, Item I give to my daughter Baynes to be paied at the like tyme the some of 
one hundreth pounds of lawfull money of England, Item I give unto my daughter Grevell to 
thuse of Walter, Robart, John, Anne, Elizabeth and Marie Pargiter the children of Anthonie 
Pargiter hir late husband equallie emonge them to be devided The some of ffyftie pounds of 
lawfull money of englade The same to be paied to the hands of my saied daughter w'hin one yere 
next after my decease she puttinge in good and sufficient sureties and bonde unto my executours 
ffor the trew paymet off the saied ffyftie pounds in maner and forme aforesaid at their & euie of 
their full ages or manages, And one to be heire to another, Item I give vnto Davide Pargiter to 
be paied at his full age of xxi h yeares the some of twentie pounds off lawfull money of Englande, 
Item I give unto Gressell Pargiter to be paied at her full age or mariage the some of Thirtie 
pounds off lawfull money of england, Item I give unto Agnes Bull to be paied at the daie of 
hir mariadge the some of tenne pounds off lawfull money of england, Item I give unto Thomas 
Houghton the elder a blacke gowne of the value of xl s st. Item I give unto Mrs. Martyn my 
serunte the some of ffower pounds of lawfull money of england, Item I give to John Penifather 
my aprentice xx s of lawfull money, Item I give to Sara Penyfather my seru a nte the some of xl s of 
lawfull money, Item I give unto Deonis Cleninge ffourtie shillinges of lawfull money, Item I give 



Between pages 0-J uuil 93. 



Uice. 



Eleanor. 



r 

, <-,- -..T- Jem. Richard 
1. Sir NichdL 

Woodroffe, knC 

haberdasher, al 
derman of D< 
gate, sheriff 13 
lord mayor La 
of Povle, co. Si I 



^Humphry, 

Mary. 



Lewyn71. Bu 

Scale CO. Surrc 



Margaret m. 2udly^=Anthony Pargiter, 
Edw. Greville. | haberdasher. 

r~r i I : i i "i 
David. 
Walter. 
Robert. 
John. 
Grizell. 
Anne. 
Elizabeth. 
Marv. 



"TT1 

Andrew. 

Mary. 

Anne. 



d. s. p. Vol. i ."> 
of Fun. Cert, at 
College of Arms. 



I. Sir David Wood- 
rofEe knt. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 27 Feb. lfi03-4. 
Book Harte 27. 

Robert, only son 
and heir. 



Katherinc 
Sir John 
knt. lord 
1563-4. 

+TT-I 
Grizell. 
Elizabeth. 
Katherine. 
Frances, b. ] 



d^Anne, dau. of 
George West, 
of London, 
mercer. (2) 



1. Elizabeth, 
m. Sampson 
Sheffield, of 
Seyton co. 
Rutland. 



i 

2. Judith, in. 
Nicholas El- 
cock, of Lon- 
don. 



I 
3. Ursula, m. 
John Elcock. 
of London. 



4. Bridget, m. 
Philip Wilkes. 



5. Grizell, m. Thomas 

of Hackney, co. 

Midd. 



Robert Wilkes, clerk, of 
Glouc. Hall, Oxford. 
(Will of Robert Wood- 
roffe 1625.) 



Philip. 
(Will of 
Dyonice 

Woodroffe.) 



1 

Martha. 



Mary, d. unm. 
Adm. c. T. 
P.C.C. June 
1640, as of St. 
Bartholomew, 
London. (4.) 



Thomas. Mary. 

William. Elizabeth, 

James. Sarah. 

Martha, d. unm. Will pr. 
P.C.C. 19 Feb. 1635-6. 

Dorcas. 



nebulee of the 
red, habited with 



nigravit." 



The Parish of East Barnet. 93 

vmto Bartholomew Cleninge xl s of lawfull money, Item I give unto my daughter Grevell the some 
of Twentie Pounds of lawfull money of england, More I give unto my saied daughter a small 
Cipres Chest, w'h certain lynnen in the same, More I give to my saied daughter my small 
standinge Cuppe w*li a cover gilte, Item I give to my sayed daughter and unto my daughter 
Baynes egallie betwene them to be devyded all my apparrell belonginge to my bodie except here- 
after bequeathed, Item I give unto my daughter Gressell Woodrofe theis parcells followinge, ffirst 
ij short turkie Carpetts for windowes, a window Clothe for my Parloure of nedleworke, my Curteins 
of grene taffatae, vj yeerye a towells, ij Chaires of Crimsen velvett, my wagon with the cover of 
blew clothe, more halfe the pewter vcssell that stondeth in my vessell house at London, A square 
table clothe of damaske worke with vj ' Jacke ' towells for serunts, a fier Panne for the hall, a 
yecrie panne of latten, The bedsted Cobard and hangings belonginge to my great Chamber in 
london, Item I give unto my daughter Stonehouse Theis pcells followinge, ffirst my best Chaine 
of golde, a longe pilloe of sylke nedle worke, ij turkie Carpetts for windowes, more my second 
best Coverled, one longe table clothe of damaske worke, j towell and twoe dozen of napkens to the 
same, more my longe turkye Carpett, Item I give unto my daughter Baynes theis parcells 
followinge, ffirst, one damaske table Clothe of the storie of the holie ghoste w*h a towell, and one 
dozen napkins of the same worke, more one other dozen of olde napkins of the same worke, Item 
more one table clothe of Burdeseyes wth a towell and ij dozen of napkins of the same worke, 
More all my Childbed lynnen with kerchers and Kayles, " and other suche lynnen as apperteyneth 
to my bodie, more a paier of latten c Andirons belonginge to the new Chamber, Item more a 
fetherbed w'h the furniture belonginge to y c bedd in the same new Chamber, Item I give unto my 
daughter Bridgett Woodroffe theis pcells followinge, That is to saie, all my householde stuffe 
apteyninge to my house at S' Albons as lynen bedding Pewter, w'hall the appurtenncs usuallie 
belonginge and remayninge at my saied house except and reserved theis parcells followinge, That 
is to saie, all my Plates and suche householde stuffe as apteyneth to my house at London, Item 1 
give unto my sone Robart Wodrofe the one halfe of my vessell in my vessell house at london, 
More all the rest of my naperye '' remayninge and not before bequcthed, more the fetherbeds w l h 
all the furnyture of the bed in my chamber where I lie, w l h one of my best coverleds belonginge 
to the same bedd, Item I give unto my welbeloved sone Mr. George Stonehouse 6 my great yron 

a Ewery. The place where the ewers for washing the hands before and after meals were kept. 
Halliwell. 

b Rail. A garment of fine linen formerly worn by women round the neck. — Halliwell. Fairholt's 
Glossary. Night-rail. A night-dress for ladies. lb. Massinger, in " The City Madam," 1650, writes : 

" Sickness feigned, 
That your night-rails at forty pounds apiece 
Might be seen with envy of the visitants." 
A rayle is described as a "kercheffe " in an Act 22 Edw. TV. See Cyclopedia of Costume, Planche. 
c Latten. A kind of mixed metal resembling brass in its nature and colour. Halliwell. 
d Napery, linen, generally table linen. Halliwell. 

c George Stonhouse esq. one of the clerks of the green cloth, mar. secondly Elizabeth, dan. of alder- 
man Woodroffe and relict of Walter Lawson esq. Dying in 1575, he was snec. by his eldest son William 
Stonhouse esq. of Radley co. Berks, cr. a bar 1 . 7 May 1628. 



94 The Parish of East Barnet. 

chest in my Chamber, More unto him in redie money tenne Pounds of lawfull money of england, 
And I hartelie require my saied sofie to be the overseer of this my will, Item my will and my 
mynde is that all the rest of my householde stuffe at my house at London my Plate onlie excepted 
shall remaine in my house to the use of my Sonne Nychas Woodrofe, Item the rest of my goods 
debts Plate redie money not before bequethed or apointed I give unto my sonnes Nicholas 
Woodrofe and Steven Woodrofe equallie betwene them to be devyded And of this my present 
testamet I ordeine costitute and make my saied sonnes Nicholas Woodrofe and Steven Woodrofe 
my onlie exes Renowncing all former testamets wills or executors by me heretofore made named 
or apointed In witnes wherof I have sett my hande and seale y c daie and yere above writen Item 
more I give unto Edward Thorns and Suzan Stonehouse y e childre of my sone Stonehouse by his 
ffirst wief to eu'ye of them at the daie of their mariadge or lawfull yeres one of my small Sylver 
Potts parcell gilte wth iij herres a to the potts Sealed and deliuered the xvij th daie of September 
1572 In the presens of us Nichas Woodrofe, Steven Woodrofe, Elizabeth Stonehouse, Grace 
Baynes." 

Robert Woodroffe, the alderman's third son, who, upon the expiration of his 
mother's life interest, was to succeed to the East Barnet property, seems to have 
established his own home in Oxfordshire and, on the 4 Apr. 9 Jac. 1611, we find 
it recorded in the Court rolls that, on the 27 of the preceding June, a licence 
had been granted to him to demise all his lands held of the Manor. Concerning 
his tenants at this period we have no precise record, but it may perhaps be 
inferred from a notice preserved on the rolls that shortly before this time one 
Sir Christopher Hooper c had been in occupation. The notice in question further 
indicates that* under the old manorial system, the functions of the modern 
inspector of nuisances were not altogether ignored At a Court held on the 
19 Apr. 8 Jac. 1610, a penalty of twenty shillings was imposed upon the said 
Sir Christopher, unless the manure heap placed by his servants on the King's 
highway between Bourn gate and Doggett's hill were removed before the last day 
of the following June ; — " pena etiam posita est q d Xtopher Roop miles removeat 
fimu (dung) et sterquiliniu (dung heap) q d servien sui eiecer in Hegia via 
inter Bornegate a et Doggetts hill ante ultifri die Junij px sequen. sub pena xx\" 

a Ear. The handle of a pot. Halliwell. 

b Proved P.C.C. 11 Oct. 1572. Book Daper 29. 

c Christopher Roper, who succ. his father as 2nd baron Teynhani in 1618, dates his will 22 March 
1621-2, being then nearly sixty years of age. There is no allusion to East Barnet, and his identity with 
the Sir Christopher now in question is not altogether certain. Will pr. P.C.C. 20 June 1622. Book 
Savile 54. 

d The uniform occurrence of the designation Bourn Gate in old documents warrants a surmise that 
Bohun Gate, with its supposed derivation from Humphrey de Bohun, is only a modem substitution. It 



The Parish of East Barnet. 95 

.Robert Woodroffe is described as of Cropredy co. Oxon. gent, when he made his 
will, 20 Nov. 1624, " at this present tyrne of good and perfect health both in 
body and mynde." In it he gives " all his Lands Tents and Hdits in Easte 
Barnett unto his eldest son Nicholas Woodroff and unto his heires for eu, 
reserving^ unto his wief her Thirds, and alsoe her rights for her lyfe time in 
Oopwoods Grove, because shee is joynte purchaser w'h him in the same." He 
died in the year 1625 a and, at a Court held on the 18 Apr. in the ensuing year, 
it was presented that, on the 30 Apr. 21 Eliz. Hobert Woodroffe was admitted to 
Nether Ansickells (16 acres), that, on the 15 Feb. 35 Eliz. he was admitted to 
longberry meade in East Barnett, that he held White's Meade (6^ acres), adjoining 
lands of Robert Bartlett (Berkeley) esq. Homefield, Great Coopers and Little 
Coopers, containing 40 acres, a cottage or tenement occupied by Alice Brutie, 
lands called Upper Ansickles, containing 15 acres, abutting on the lands of William 
Johnson esq. a close called Yorks, containing 6 acres, abutting on the King's 
highway at Doggett's hill, and a close called Stephen's land with a cottage built 
upon it abutting upon the King's highway and Danesgrove. The identity of a 
part of these lands with the present Little Grove estate is established by the 
circumstance that White's mead, Great and Little Coopers, Homefield, Upper 
An setts, and Nether Ansetts, are by name included in Mr. Justice Willes' 
purchase in 1767, but it is, clear that the possessions belonging to Robert Wood- 
roffe were far more extensive, and that he had himself made additions to those 
which had come to him by descent. It may be observed here, once for all, that 
the existing distribution of properties at East Barnet furnishes no clue to the 
delimitation of the corresponding estates in former times. By exchanges and 
alternate augmentations and diminutions this varied continually under successive 
ownerships. 

Upon the decease of Robert, Nicholas Woodroffe his eldest son and heir was ad- 
mitted to the whole, but his enjoyment of the inheritance was not of long duration. 
When lying on his deathbed b ( jacens in extremis) 29 Apr. 1627 he surrendered 

is laid down as Bourn Gate in Gunton and Rolfe's map of 1658. Bourn, a limit or boundary. Halliwell. 
Johnson. In Skakspeare, " The undiscover'd country, from whose bourn no traveller returns." — Hamlet, 
act 3, sc. 1. There can be little doubt but that it was simply the gate at the Chace boundary. Supra 
pp. 8, 9. As early as 15 Apr. 44 Eliz. the Court rolls mention a messuage and land p'pe burnegate. 

» Will pr. P.C.C. 3 Nov. 1G25 by Dyonice the relict. Book Clarke 131. In her will, dated 6 Aug. 
1632, when " aged and weake," Dyonice bequeaths to her sod William, if he be living, " a purled (having 
a twisted border) bole of silver," his daughter Elizabeth, now living wth her, to have it, should he be 
dead. Pr. P.C.C. 14 March 1G33-4, Book Seager 25. 

*> Car. Rot. Maner. 22 Apr. 1628. 



96 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Nether Ansickles and White's mead to the use of Martha his wife for life, with 
remainder to Robert his eldest son, a minor 17 years of age, and his heirs for 
ever. To the said Robert, who was placed under the guardianship of his mother, 
were surrendered at the same time Homefield Great Coopers and Little Coopers, 
and to Martha his wife the house occupied by Alice Brutie widow. 

At a View of Frankpledge of the Manor, 1 Apr. 1635, licence was granted to 
Robert Woodroffe to demise to Anthony Bourchier of London esq. for 12 years, 
commencing with Lady Day 1634, " unu messuagiu sive tenement' cum poinar' 
gardino et pertinen' adinde spectaii in Barnett p'dict' et quadraginta acr' terre 
arrabilis prati et pastur' sive plus sive minus diet' Messuag' ptineii aut cum eod. 
usitat. occupat. sive gavis' et modo in occupacone dicti Anthonij." This was 
probably a renewed lease, as Mr. Bourchier had been already for several years a 
resident at East Barnet. He had succeeded his father as Clerk in the Remem- 
brancer's office of the Exchequer, at the head of which, as Remembrancer, was 
his uncle by marriage, Mr. Thomas Eanshawe of Ware Park, a who had married 
Mary daughter of Anthony Bourchier of Barnesley in Gloucestershire. The 
name first occurs in the East Barnet register, 22 July 1628, when " Katherinc 
daughter of Anthony and Jane Burcher," was baptized. Amongst the con- 
tributories towards the building of the chancel and repairs of the church in 1632 
and 1633, his name appears as " inhabiting Mr. Woodroffe's house." 

Robert Woodroffe, the eldest son of Nicholas, mortgaged ' totum illucl messu- 
agium' and the lands adjoining, called Homefield, Great Coopers, and Little 
Coopers, to his mother on the 3 June 1636. On the 28 March 1638 it was 
presented that he had died since the last Court was held and that Stephen his 
brother was his heir. b The will of Martha his mother is dated 11 Aug. 1638,° 
and she is therein described as "nowe dwellinge in Cropredy." About this period, 
or at all events after Stephen acquired possession, the dealings with the Wood- 
roffe property at East Barnet are somewhat complicated. On the 10 Apr. 1638 
Stephen Woodroffe obtained a licence to demise to Anthony Bourchier a messuage 
with 40 acres of arable land meadow and pasture for 13 years, to follow after 
Lady Day 1616. a This must have been an extension of the lease granted pre- 
viously, but on the 20 Apr. 1640 we meet with a surrender by Stephen Woodroffe 

a Clutterbuck ii. 294. 

tj Admin, of Robert Woodroffe, who died abroad, and who was probably the same, was granted P.C.C. 
2 Nov. 1C37 to a creditor. 

c Proved P.C.C. 30 Oct. 1639 by Elizabeth and Mary the daughters. Book Harvey 157. 
11 Cur. Rot. Maner. 18 Apr. 1G39. 



Between pages 06 and 97. 



uc. 



Bourchier, d. beforc=Alice. 
Edw. 6. 



uly 



'I Mary, or Alicc,=j=Thomas Fanshawe, esq. of Dronfield, co. Derby and= 
d. June, 1578, I Ware Park. Remembrancer of the Exchequer. Bur. 
1 wife. at Ware, 19 March, 1600-1. Will pr. P.C.C. 27 Mar. 

1601. Book Woodhall 20. 



=Joan ... 
2 wife. 



r 


1 p 




1 1 "1 








1 






T 


1 — r-r- 1 


Charles. 


Elizabeth. 




dau.=^... Prettiman. 




Sir Henry Fanshawe,=p 




Thomas. 








dau.=John 


Glanvill. 




of Ware Park. 


I 




William. 








dau.=... Christian. 


I 






"-I 




Alice. 












Thomas Fanshawe,=f= 


Sir 


Richard=pAnne 




Katherine. 












cr. Viscount Fan- | 


Fanshawe. | Harrison. 


Margaret. 












shawc. 


* 


















mazine, 


1 
Katherine, 


i 

1 I 
Susanna, Anthony, 


1 
1 
George. 


I i i i 


r 
William^ 


=Martha, Job. 




i 

Elizabeth, 


Mary, 


The 


Henry, bapt. 22 


Bourchier, 


dau. of Bos 


<!• 


m. Roger 


d. unm. 


m. Thomas 


bapt. 22 


bapt. 


of Port 




Sep. 1636." 


of Barne- 


Randolph chi 14 


Boden- 


Will pr. 


Grubb, esq. 


July, 


7 July, Royal, 




Anne, bapt. 11 


sley, esq. 


Brereton, 57, 


ham, esq. 


l'.C.C. 


T 3 


1628,* m. 


1630 


* Jamaica, 




July, 1639* 


Patron of 


esq. mar. 


at. 






23 Apr. 






Richard 




gent. 




John, bapt. 5 


Barnesley 


27 Feb. 


C. 






1670, by 






Farmer, 




d. unm. 




Aug. 1640.* 


in 1075-6. 


105 1 -2, at 








Anthony 






of Worces- 




Will pr. 




Elizabeth, bapt. 




St.Bartho- 86. 






the 






tershire, 




P.C.C. 




8 Sep. 1644.* 




lomew the 


sa. 






brother. 






yeoman. 




17 Aug. 








Great, : 


cd 






Book 










1682. 








London. i 


a 






Penn 45. 










Book 








2 wife. i 


«ii 








! 

I 






Cottle 94. 

i riii i i 
i i i i i i i 






I 
Walter Bout 


chier, esq. 


n. 


Jane. 


i 
Roger=pElizabeth. 


i i i i i 
Mary. 


1 


II 1 II 1 1 
Susanna. 






eld. son, d. 


unm. Admin. 


ITS 


. Elizabeth. 


Bodenham. 




Elizabeth. 




Margaret. 






as of Ch 


ippenham, co. 












John. 




Walter. 






Wilts, 18 


Feb. 1734-5, to 












Margaret. 




Thomas. 






Martha ar 


id Rebecca 












William. 




Thomazine. 






Bourchier, 


spinsters, the 












Anne. 




Mary. 






sisters. 


















William. 
















J 

















Roger. 



Edward. 



AEMS (granted 1 Dec 2 Edw. VI. A.D. 1548, by Thomas Hawley. 
Clarencieux, to Anthony Bourchier of Barnesley). — Az. a 
chev. or betw. three martlets arg. Crest. A demi seahorse 
ramp, vert chained and maned arg. eared gu. Harl. MS. 
1359, f.4, Grants of Arms ; Add. MS. 16,940 f.203. 



fbbey Registers 36. 44. Brereton Bourchier " hath a large new House and a pleasant 
his clt large Park, and a great Estate in this and other Places." Atkyns Gloucestershire, 
D. Fosbrooke's Hist, of Glimccstershire ii. 46*, Barnesley. Barnesley is 3 miles 
( 



theh 
Barn 



* At East Barnet. 



The 'Parish of East Barnet. 97 

and Susan his wife of all the lands in the tenure of Anthony Bourchier to James 
Hodgson and John Combes, as trustees for the said Anthonv Bourchier, in fee. 
The will of Susan Woodroffe, of Stratford-le-Bow, Middlesex, widow of Stephen 
Woodroffe gent, of the same, bears the date of 3 Apr. 1643. a She bequeaths a 
sum of 109/., remaining in Mr. Bourchier's hands, to her children John and 
Sarah "Woodroffe, and mentions her daughter Rebecca Dickenson. 

Mr. Anthony Bourchier was a younger son of William Bourchier of Barnesley b 
in Gloucestershire esq. himself a younger son of Anthony Bourchier of the same, 
by Thomazine his wife, sister of Sir Walter Mildmay, who became the repre- 
sentative of the family through failure of male issue of his elder brother Thomas. 
In his will, dated 20 March 1G21-2, C he makes allusion to a surrender to his son 
Anthony of his place in the office, and devises to the said Anthony the inherit- 
ance of his parsonage of Cirencester, bequeathing to him, besides, an annuity of 
20/. and " a gilt standing cuppe chased, with a cover, marked with an A." To 
his wife he leaves his lease of a house in Little Bartholomew's Smithfield. The 
will of Mr. Anthony Bourchier, several of whose children were baptized at East 
Barnet, is dated 17 Oct. 165 2,' 1 and he is therein described as "of Little Bar- 
tholomews London, gent, sicklie in body." After reciting that "all that coppie- 
hold messuage and all those coppieholcl houses landes &c. at East Barnett &c. 
wherein Mr. James Hodgson and Mr. John Combes had a customary estate of 
inheritance in trust for me and my heires, by the death of the said James 
Hodgson are wholly come to the said John Combes," he appoints that the 
same shall be sold, and declares the uses to which the purchase money is to be 
applied. He mentions his sons Anthony and George, and his daughters Katherine 
and Susan, and gives to Jane his wife, "all his goods, and chattels hereafter 
mentioned, that is to say, fower of the best bedds and bedding thereunto belong- 
ing with pillowes bolsters coverletts and blanketts, all the pewter brasse and 
Lynnen, the greene couch with the greate chaire and little greene stooles there- 

8 Proved P.C.C. 26 Oct. 1649, by Nicholas Nash the brother; Julian Clarke, the mother, named as 
executrix, being dead. Book Fairfax 149. Admin, of Julian Clarke, als Nash, of the parish of St. Mary 
Magdalen, Bermondsey, was granted the same day to Nicholas Nash, the son. 

b 3 miles from Cirencester. 

c Proved P.C.C. 14 May 1623 by Walter the son and heir. Book Swan 38. See T. D. Fosbrooke's 
Hist, of Gloucestershire 1807, vol. ii. 463, Barnesley. Atkyns' Gloucestershire p. 249. The family wills 
shew that the descents, as given in these works, are erroneous. William Bourchier, the father of Walter, 
did not die 6 Eliz. His will was dated, as stated in the text, 20 March 1621-2, and Walter was his 
eldest son. 

a Proved P.C.C. 28 May 1653 by Jane Bourchier the relict. Book Brent 222. 

N 



98 The Parish of East Barnet. 

unto belonging, the six greene high stooles embroidered with black velvett, the 
six wrought cushions, the cushions which Mrs. Mansfield gave her with the 
other windowe cushions, the six stooles and hangings which were for the greate 
chamber." 

John Combes, the surviving trustee, having on the 16 Apr. 1650 surrendered 
all his customary messuages to the uses of his will, devised a the premises to John 
Combes the younger, of Gray's Inn gent, and Joseph Baker of Staple Inn gent, 
to be sold for payment of debts. The devisees in trust were admitted at a Special 
Court Baron held 1 June 1653, b and at the same Court, in accordance with the 
terms of Mr. Bourchier's will, surrendered " all that the said now voyd Messuage 
or Tenement late in the tenure or oecupacdn of the said Anthony Bourchier 
deceased, with the yards gardens &c. and alsoe all that Close called Holmefield 
to the said messuage adjoyning containing 10 acres, and alsoe all that Close 
called Little Coopers conteyning 4 acres, and alsoe two Closes conteyning 
17 acres called Upper and Nether Ancikells, and alsoe that Close called "White's 
Meade conteyning 6 acres and a half, all in the same tenure, To the use of Henry 
Parker of London, gent, and his heirs." To all these premises the said Henry 
Parker was now admitted, but it would appear that, on the 17 May 1657, either a 
further conveyance was made of the same or that some other property at East 
Barnet passed to Mr. Parker from Thomas Stringer, cooper, and Sarah his wife, 
daughter and heir of Stephen "Woodcroft gent. 

Mr. Henry Parker, " citizen and pay nter- stay ner of London," was a witness, 
during his tenure of the estate, of three events which have left their traces deeply 
on the popular imagination, not to say on the national history, — the restoration, 
the great plague, and the great fire. By the latter his fortunes were seriously 
affected and in his will, dated 12 March 1669-70, d when " weake and infirme of 
bodie," he devises to Margaret his wife, in trust for a speedy sale, with a view to 
the discharge of his debts, incurred " through the late Conflagration and other 
the Providences of God upon the Cittie and my losses thereby, the house a:id 

a By his will dated 18 Dec. 1652 and 27 Feb. 1652-3, and pr. P.C.C. 26 Apr. 1653. Book 
Brent 321. *> Cur. Bot. Maner. 

c From a Schedule of deeds referred to in a conveyance from Mrs. Tempest of Little Grove to John 
Kingston esq. of Oak Hill, dated 29 and 30 May 1795. Pedes finium Easter Term 1657, Hertfordshire, 
between Heury Parker gent. pit. and Thomas Stringer and Sarah his wife deforc t& of 6 acres of land and 
4 acres of pasture at East Barnet, for £60 sterling. Woodcroft is most likely a mistake for Woodroffe. 
See pedigree of Woodroffe. 

d Proved P.C.C. 29 Apr. 1670 by Margaret the relict. Book Penn 50. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 99 

lands which I have at Barnet, part whereof is Freehold and the other part 
Copihold of Inheritance." To his eldest son, Henry Parker of the Inner Temple 
esq . he leaves his houses &c. near Temple Bar, to his son Marshall, the husband 
of his daughter Margaret, his " whole studie of books," and he has five other 
children in their minority and unprovided for, Anne, Elizabeth, Mary, Matthew 
and Hugh. 

Henry Parker, the son, married Margaret, eldest daughter of Alexander Hyde, 
bishop of Salisbury, a who at her brother's death became heiress to her father. 
The bishop, in his will, mentions that her portion had been 1,500/., and he 
bequeaths to her " the wrought bed and furniture which her mother wrought, 
with the bedd bedding and two paire of sheets and pillowbers and my best coach 
and two geldings or horses and harnesses." To his son in law Mr. Henry Parker 
he leaves his silver chafing dish. 

Upon the decease of his uncle Sir Hugh Parker, early in the year 1697, Mr. 
Parker succeeded as second baronet, in accordance with the limitation to that 
effect in the patent of creation b and, having thereby, in addition to the inherit- 
ance which had devolved upon his wife, acquired an ample fortune and retrieved 
the painter-stainer's losses, purchased the estate of Honington, c in Warwickshire, 
where he erected a handsome residence and rebuilt the church, to which he 
presented, 30 July 1702, Richard Bland M.A. 1 Sir Henry died 25 Oct. 1713, in 
his 74th year, having survived his eldest son, and was interred at the west end 
of Honington church. In compliance with his wishes a monument, for which he 
provided 100/. by his will, was placed there to his memory and that of his son, 
with their effigies standing upright and of life size. The Latin inscription, in 
the ornate and cumbrous style of the period, runs as follows : — 

iV Consecr. 31 Dec. 1665 ; died 22 Aug. 1667 ; son of Sir Lawrence Hyde, of Dinton co. Wilts, 
■whose brother Henry was father of Edward, 1st earl of Clarendon. The bishop's wife predeceased him, and 
he left an only son Robert and three unmarried daughters, Barbara, Anne, and Elizabeth. His will was 
pr. P.C.C. 21 Nov. 1667, Book Carr 161, by the executors Henry Parker and Giles Clotterbooke. To his 
son he gives " my dyamond ring which I had from my brother doctor Edward Hide, which was given to 
my Mother by Queene Anne " (Anne of Denmark). 

b Luttrell's Diary iv. 193, March 6, 1697. 

c Honington Hall is now the property and residence of Frederick Townsend esq. only surviving son 
of the Rev. Edward James Townsend, rector of Ilmington, co. Warwick. 

a B.A. of Clare Hall, Camb. 1695. Probably the grandson of his sister Margaret and of her 
husband Henry Marshall. He d. 26 Jan. 1718 in his 42nd year, and was bur. in the church of Honington, 
near the pulpit, under a hat stone, which bears an inscription. 

N 2 ' 



100 



The Parish of Mist Bamet. 



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The Parish of East Barnet. 101 

h. s. E. 
henricus parker Baronettus, 

Nullo certe egens, qui sibi tot struxit Monimenta. 

Elegantiam nempe in suis, 
Pietatem in Dei iEdibus cedificandis, 

Nullus non lapis contitetur. 
luventutem Leinbus & Negotiis, 
iEtatem adultam Senatui & Patriae, 11 
Senectutem Deo & Otio totus devovit: 
Erat ei animus largus & munificens, 

Justitise fidus Minister, 
Vicinias Indefessus Patronus. 
Vxorem duxit margarettam hyde, 

Episcopi Sarisburiensis filiam, 
Regia in causa Nomen Satis notum, 

Ideoq^ ei nunquam Satis Caram. 
Cum hac optima Conjuge per Annos 48 vixit 

Summa fide, mutuoq, Amore, 

Numerosa prole ditatu 

It was not, however, until the 15 July 1674 that Henry Parker the younger, 
in conjunction with his mother Margaret and her second husband Mr. Edward 
Marshall, conveyed the Little Grove estate to Anne, lady Eanshawe. By 
indenture of this date between Henry Parker, of the Inner Temple, esq. son and 
heir of Henry Parker late of East Barnet gent, deceased, and Edward Marshall 
of the parish of St. Martin's in the fields, gent, and Margaret his wife, late the 
wife of the said Henry Parker, deceased, of the one part, and the Honourable 
dame Anne Eanshawe, the relict of the Bight Hon. Sir Richard Eanshawe knt. 
and baronet deceased, of the other part, the said Edward Marshall and Margaret 
his wife, in consideration of 1,740Z., and the said Henry Parker, in consideration 
of 5 shillings, sell a messuage in East Barnet, with the closes called Broomefield 
and Little Coopers, to dame Anne Eanshawe. c This lady, the eldest daughter of 
Sir John Harrison, who built the mansion of Balls, near Hertford, by Margaret 
his wife, daughter of Robert Fanshawe of Eanshawe Gate, was the widow of Sir 

a He was M.P. for Aylesbury. Luttrell's Diary v. 491, Nov. 25, 1704. 

b Dugdale's Warwickshire p. 605, ed. of 1730; Wotton's Baronetage ii. 459, ed. of 1771. The will 
of Sir Henry Parker, dated 10 March 1712, was pr. P.C.C. 12 Nov. 1713. 

c Close Roll, 26 Car. II. part iii. No. 18, Recognizance by Henry Parker 16 July 1674. 



102 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Richard Fanshawe, a who gained a reputation as a statesman and an author. He 
was sent as resident ambassador to the Court of Spain by Charles the First and, 
during the Civil War, warmly espoused the royal cause. When the King was 
lodged at Hampton Court, and in the power of his enemies. Sir Richard was 
much with him. Lady Fanshawe went three times to pay her respects and, on 
the occasion of her last visit, Charles turned to Sir Richard and said, in his usual 
tone of familiarity, " Be sure, Dick, to tell my son all that I have said, and 
deliver those letters to my wife ; pray God bless her ! I hope I shall do well." b 
Sir Richard was taken prisoner at the battle of Worcester, 3 Sep. 1651, and 
conveyed to London, where, for ten weeks, he was confined in a little room at 
Whitehall in full expectation of death, though a release was in the event con- 
ceded to him. Writing from Paris, 18 Nov. 1651, to Sir Edward Nicholas, the 
duke of York, afterwards James the Second, says, " I have received yours of the 
8 of November from the Hage, and with it that from Dicke Fanshaw." c When 
ambassador to Portugal, after the Restoration, he negotiated the marriage with 
Catherine of Braganza and, being accredited to Spain in 1664, died there, 26 June 
1666, when on the eve of returning to England. In the previous year he had 
concluded a peace between the two countries. 

As an author he has not left behind him a high reputation, having been 
credited with carelessness in execution. His best works are translations. That 
of Baptista Guarini's Pastor Fido,' 1 printed by R. Raworth in 1647, and dedicated 
" to the most Illustrious and most hopefull Prince Charles, Prince of Wales," has 

:l The 4th son of Sir Henry Fanshawe of Ware Park (whose eldest son, Thomas, was cr. viscount 
Fanshawe in 1GG1) ; bapt. at Ware 12 June 1608, Par. Reg.; married at Wolvercot near Oxford 
ly May 1644 (his wife's father being at the time with Charles at Oxford, for which he was expelled the 
House of Commons, where he sat for Lancaster) ; M.P. for the University of Cambridge ; cr. a baronet 
2 Sep. 1650; died at Madrid 26 June 166G. Upon his body being conveyed to England, it was interred 
in a vault belonging to Sir John Harrison at All Saints' Church Hertford, from which it was removed to 
a new vault constructed by his widow in the parish church of Ware, where his monument still remains at 
the east end of the south aisle. This re-interment is unrecorded at Ware, but the following entry is 
preserved at All Saints: — "1671 May 18, Sir Richard Fanshawe, Imbassador, was taken ovte of this 
Vaulte, and laid in his Vaulte at Ware." Turner's Hist, of Hertford; Notes Genealogical and Historical 
of the Fanshawe Family ; Burke's Ext. Baronetage; Biog. Univ. The Life and Letters of Sir R. Fanshawe, 
pub. in London 1702 in 8vo.; Clutterbuck's Herts ii. 185, 186, Hi. 294, 295. 

h Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe, written by herself, p. 80, ed. of 1830, by N. H. N. (Sir N. H. Nicolas). 

c Evelyn's Memoirs v. 188, ed. of 1827. Charles the Second landed in Normandy, Nov. 2. 

d Neither when speaking of this work {Lit. of Europe, ii. 153), nor of the Lusiad (lb. ii. 108), does 
Hallam take any notice of Fanshawe's translations. His silence is perhaps significant. 



The Parish of East Bar-net. 103 

been described in ludicrously exaggerated terms in a " poetical address to the 
author," contained in the same volume, by Denham the poet. Speaking of 
translators in general, he writes : 

" They but preserve the Ashes, Thou the Flame, 
True to his sense, but truer to his fame. 
Foording his current, where thou find'st it low 
Let'st in thine own to make it rise and flow. 
Wisely restoring whatsoever grace 
Is lost by change of Times, or Tongues, or Place." 

Another translation, "The Lusiad by Luis de Camoens, by Richard Eanshaw 
Esq. 1655," in folio, was "dedicated to "William Earl of Strafford, from your 
Lordship's Park of Tankcrsly, May 1, 1655," where, during the Commonwealth, 
Sir Richard and his family resided for some time, by permission of the noble 
owner. 

Lady Eanshawe records a that her husband's death occurred fifteen days before 
his intended journey to England. After her return to this country with his 
remains, she took a house, in 1667, in Holborn Row, Lincoln's Inn Eields, but 
in the following year removed to Hertingfordbury to be near her aged father at 
Balls. Her memoir and diary were composed in 1676 for her only son, Sir 
Richard Eanshawe,' 3 second baronet, then a youth. They are carried down to 
the time of her father's death, 28 Sep. 1670, at the advanced age of 80, the last 
entry being, " The 11 Sep. 1670 I christened the eldest daughter of my brother 
Harrison with Lord Grandison and Sir Edmund Turner." Though compiled 
within the period of her occupation of Little Grove, there is no reference to that 
place. 

She died in her 55th ll year, having been born in 1625 and, in her will, 6 com- 

a Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe, written by herself, ed. of 1830, by N. H. N. 

b Born at Madrid, 6 Aug. 1GG5. He d. unm. and is stated to have lost his speech and hearing from 
disease some time previously. He was bur. at Ware from Clerkenwell, 12 July 1694, but there is no 
entry in the Ware Reg. 

c Her brother Richard Harrison, esq. of Balls, M.P. for Lancaster, married in 1668 Audrey, the 
eldest daughter of George Villiers, 4th viscount Grandison. Her first cousin, only child of William 
Villiers, 2nd viscount, was the celebrated Barbara, duchess of Cleveland, mistress of Charles the Second. 
Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe ; Burke's Ext. Peerage ; Collins' Peerage 1812, hi. 788. 

(1 1679-80 Jan. 20, The Hon ble Lady Madam Anne Fanshawe bur. Ware, Par. Reg. Clutterbuck's 
Herts iii. 294. 

c Dated 30 Oct. 1G79. Proved P.C.C. 6 Feb. 1679-80, by Catherine Fanshawe, the daughter, sole 
executrix. Book Bath 19. 



104 The Parish of East Barnet. 

inenciiig with a declaration that she is " perfectly well in her sences, though 
weake in her body," desires to be privately buried in the parish church of Ware 
in St. Mary's chapel close to her husband's body, in the same vault which she 
purchased of Humphry lord bishop of London for the interment of her husband, 
herself, and their descendants and no other," and requests that " all her lands 
whatsoever, with gardens walks orchard grove and yards situate and being in the 
parish of East Barnet be forthwith sold to the best advantage by her executors, 
and all her stock and goods of what nature soever as well without doors as within 
doors, and all her jewels plate and pictures that are now in her possession, except 
such as she shall hereafter reserve, and all things else that she has in her house 
in Little Grove." To her three unmarried daughters, Catherine,* Anne b and 
Elizabeth c she secures legacies of 600Z. a each, and to Catherine, the eldest, gives 
the warrant for her father's baronetcy 6 and all her jewels. Together with other 
provisions for her son, she leaves him her own and her husband's picture both 
set in gold, her husband's picture drawn by Lilly (Lely) and her own drawn by 
Toniars/ A further clause of the will, — " Item, I give unto my deare daughter 
Catherine Eanshaw all my worke wrote by myselfe or by the said Catherine 
Eanshaw and her sisters," — implies either that the taste for literature of 
both parents was inherited by their children, or that the daughters acted as 
the amanuenses of their mother. She concludes with an expression of her will 
and desire, "that my children Sir Richard Eanshaw and my three daughters 
Catherine Anne and Elizabeth Eanshaw doe weare for three yeares after my 
decease mourning with plaine Linnen except any of them marry in the meane 
time." There is no mention of her daughter Margaret, 2 who had married at East 
Barnet church, 11 13 June 1675, Vincent Grantham esq. of Goltho co. Line, and 
who was probably provided for by settlement. Parental jurisdiction, as we know, 

a Born 30 July 1652. Living unin. in May 1704. See will of Sir Edmund Tumor, described as 
of Stoke co. Line. Le Neve, Knights. Harl. Soc. Pub. viii. 517. He married Lady Fanshawe's sister. 

b Born 22 Feb. 1654-5. Married . . . Ryder and bad a daughter Anne Lawrence. Both were 
living in May 1704. Will of Sir E. Tumor, pr. P.C.C. 20 Dec. 1708. Book Barrett 297. 

c Bom 22 Feb. 1662. 

d She carefully notes, in each case, that £500 had been bequeathed to them by their late grand- 
father, Sir John Harrison. 

e The expression used is " a warrant for a baronetcy.'' Clutterbuck states that Sir John Harrison 
declined a baronetcy, being content with knighthood, ii. 185. 

f The younger David Teniers probably meant. He died at Antwerp in 1694, aged 84. 

e Bom 8 Oct. 1653. Both Vincent Grantham and his wife were living in May 1704. 

h Par. Peg. The Grantham family were seated at Goltho from a very early period. 



The Parish of East Bamet. 105 

reached far in those times, and it would be interesting to know the extent to 
which the above-mentioned posthumous injunction was observed. Lady Ean- 
shawe's sister Mary was the wife of William Lytton, eldest son of Sir Rowland, 
and the Life of the late Lord Lytton a contains a suggestive correspondence, 
touching the domestic and matrimonial relations of the married pair, between Sir 
John Harrison, dated Balls 3 Oct. 1668, and Sir Rowland Lytton, dated Kneb- 
worth 7 Oct. 1668. 

Catherine Eanshawe, as her mother's executrix, conveyed Little Grove by 
Bargain and Sale, dated 20 May 1680, to John Richardson esq. for 1,800Z., her 
sisters Anne and Elizabeth giving a receipt of even date for the 600/. due to each 
of them. After directing that his body shall be buried in the parish church of 
St. Bartholomew, near the Royal Exchange, beside his son James, Mr. Richard- 
son bequeaths b to his wife Elizabeth, for life, " all that my House Gardens 
Orchards Outhouses and Lands called Little Grove in the parish of East Bamet," 
together with certain other copyhold lands adjoining or in its neighbourhood, 
lately purchased of Robert Norris and Abigail his wife, with remainder to his 
son Richard Richardson and the heirs of his body, with remainder to his son 
John for life, with remainder to his son Daniel and the heirs male of his body, 
and with an ultimate remainder to his own right heirs. He empowers his wife 
to grant leases for eleven years, and there is " a particular Covenant not to cutt 
downe or fell the Elme Trees or any of them that are now standing and growing 
in a Row on the North side of the Garden of the said House called Little Grove," 
nor any trees whatever without the consent of his son Richard. Two other sons, 
Thomas, and Joseph, are named, and to the poor of East Barnet are given 20/. A 
special clause provides that, " in case my sonne John shall not commit any manner 
of wast nor take away any of the Eruit Trees or other Trees now growing in that 
parte of my Garden and Orchard or fish pond at Little Grove which are under 
his care and management I doe then, and not otherwise, release to him 100/. 
by me lent to him on Mortgage of an house in Bloomsbury Square." To his 
"cousin" "William Ryder, son of his sister Mary Ryder, deceased, Mr. Richardson 
leaves an annuity of 10/. for life, issuing out of Little Grove, "to be paid to tiie 
hands of the said William at the Great Hall of the said House called Little 
Grove." 

Between the death of Mr. Richardson and the acquisition of the property by 

a The Life Letters, and Literary Remains of Edward Buhver, Lord Lytton, i. 17, note 1. 
" Will dated 18 July 1G93; proved P.C.C. 26 March 1G94 by Elizabeth the relict. Book Box 64. 

O 



106 



The Parish of East Bar net. 



Mr. John Cotton a variety of deeds were executed, the exact purport of which, at 
this distance of time, and in the absence of any specific information, it is difficult 
to determine. Richard, the eldest son, who in 1705 a was made Serjeant at law, 
and in 1708 was a candidate for the office of Recorder of London, died b in his 
mother's lifetime and consequently never came into possession. On 5 May 1712 
there had been an indenture between him of the one part and John Cotton of 
the other and, as late as 9 and 10 March 1728, we hear of a Lease and Release 
between Richard Richardson esq. only son and heir of the said serjeant Richard- 
son, deceased, and the said John Cotton and others. 

Elizabeth Richardson, the relict, having survived her son Richard, male her 
will, as of East Barnet, 30 April 1715, about the time and not improbably in 
consequence of his death. She desires to be buried in the church of St. Bar- 
tholomew, near her husband, and mentions her son John and Katherine his wife, 
their daughters Elizabeth and Margaret/ 1 Richard and Sarah, the children of her 
late son Richard, the two youngest daughters of her son Daniel, and her son 
Joseph. Elizabeth, the elder daughter and coheiress of John and Katherine, 
became he wife of George Hill, of Doctors' Commons, gent, subsequently to the 
date of her grandmother's will, and was buried at East Barnet in 1718. He 
afterwards married her cousin Sarah, the daughter of serjeant Richardson, and 
was by her left a widower for the second time in 1728. The will of John 
Richardson, described as of Lincoln's Inn Eields esq. and "written with his own 
hand," provides that he shall be buried at East Barnet tl in the grave that I had 
made in the churchyard next to my daughter Hill's' grave," whilst that of his 
Avidow contains a similar request that her body may " be interred and laid in the 
grave with my deare Husband and child at East Barnett aforesaid." ff 

We have now come to the period of Mr. Cotton's purchase, and the erection 
of the existing house. Whether it occupies the exact site of its predecessor is a 

a Luttrell's Diary July 21, 1705, v. 542; July 27, 1708, vi. 332. 

|J 18 May 1718. Admin, of Kichard Richardson esq. serjeant at law, of Serjeants' Inn Fleet Street, 
London, widower, was granted to James Gibson esq. a creditor, Richard Richardson and Sarah Richardson, 
the children, not appearing. Richard, the son, was still in his minority on 11 Apr. 1721, when his uncle 
John Richardson esq. was appointed his guardian. Manor of Barnet, Index to Court Rolls, No. 77, f. 540. 

c Proved P.C.C. 12 Aug. 1717, Book Whitfield 1G0. 

d Died unm. Lysons iv. 14. Mentioned in her father's will but not in that of her mother. 

e Bur. at East Barnet, Lysons iv. 14. 

f Dated 6 Aug. 1722, and proved P.C.C. by Katherine the relict 27 June 172G. Book Plymouth 131. 

s Bur. at East Barnet 14 May 1731. Par. Reg. Dated 28 Sep. 1728, and proved P.C.C. 11 May 
1731, by George Hill, sole executor. Book I sham 131. 



The "Parish of East Bar net. 



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108 The Parish of East Bar net. 

question which there is apparently no likelihood of solving. The deeds, to which 
reference has been made, seem to indicate that his earliest acquisition of land in 
the parish preceded by several years that of Little Grove itself, which could 
hardly have taken place before the termination of Mrs. Richardson's life interest. 
The date 1719, already mentioned, fixes the age of the older portion of the 
present structure. 

John Cotton esq. of the Middle Temple, a gentleman of ancient lineage, was 
the male heir of the Cottons of Hamstall-Ridware, near Rugeley in Staffordshire, 
connected, however, more immediately with Essex and Norfolk, the family 
having held property for a considerable period at Ashill in the latter county. 
The Harleian MSS. a in the British Museum contain a pedigree, carried back to 
the time of Henry the Third, and illustrated by a shield of eighteen quarterings. b 
John Cotton, the eldest son of John Cotton of Hamstall-Ridware (ob. 2 Edw. 
IV.), descended from "William Cotton, of Cotton in Cheshire, by Agnes daughter 
and heir of Walter de Ridware, having married Alice, daughter of Richard 
Langham of Panfield Hall co. Essex and Langham co. Suffolk, and a great 
heiress, removed the seat of the family to Essex, and both he and his wife were 
buried at Panfield. Sigismund, who inherited, died 5 Jan. 1541. leaving William 
his son and heir, who is stated to have been 33 years of age at the date of his 
father's death and died 16 Aug. 1561. George, son and heir of William, was 
18 years old when he succeeded, and died 15 March 1592, being buried at 
Panfield church the next day. Thomas Cotton esq. his eldest son, sold Panfield 
about the year 1611 d to Sir Henry Gawdy, and was buried at Ashill 27 Nov. 1627. 
Prom this time the connection with Ashill was uninterrupted. 

* Harl. MS. 1137 f. 109 b , Visitation of Essex 1558 ; Harl. MS. 1432, ff. 104". 105. 105 b , Visita- 
tion of Essex 1631. 

b 1. Ridware als Cotton, Az. an eagle displ. arg. beaked and legged gu. 2. Waldeshef, Gu. 3 swords 
erect arg. hilted or. 3. Basing, Or, 5 eagles displ. sa. a canton ermines. 4. Fawconer, Arg. 3 falcons 
close gu. 5. Thurcaston, Sa. 3 owls or. 6. Venables, Az. 2 bars arg. 7. Augmentation, Vert, a griffin 
segreant arg. 8. Langham, Arg. a fesse gu. a label az. 9. Wateville, Arg. 3 chevrons gu. a bordure 
engr. sa. 10. Called Godevile, Arg. a fesse sa. betw. 3 pellets. 11. Daresham, Gu. 3 water bougets arg. 

12. Cogeshall, on a bend 3 cinquefoils. 13. Southcott, Sa. a cross betw. 4 escallops arg. 14. 

Bar sham, Arg. a cbev. gu. betw. 3 birds. 15. 16. Cavendish, Sa. 3 bucks' heads cabossed arg. 

17. Stratton, Or, on a chief indented az. 3 escallops arg. 18. Ridware, Az. an eagle displ. arg. beaked 
and legged gu. On an escutcheon of pretence, Arg. a bend betw. 3 pellets ; the ancient bearing of the 
Cottons. Conf. Harl. MS. 1432 f. 105 b . 

c From a younger branch was descended Sir Robert Cotton, the antiquary. 

(1 Morant's Essex, Pantjield, ii. 406. 



The Parish of East Bamet. 109 

In the church of Ashill, a village some three miles to the north of the little 
town of Watton, there is still fixed to the north wall of the chancel a mural slab 
with the following inscription : — 

Near this place lies interr'd the body of John Cotton 
esq r . (son and heir of Anthony only son of Thomas 
Cotton late of Panfield Hall in Com Essex Esq 1- , the heir 
male in a lineal descent of the Cottons of Hampstead 
Ridware, originally of Cotton under Needwood in Staffordshire) 
who married Ann daughter of Jermyn Wright of Wangford 
Hall in Suffolk Esq r . (a younger son of Thomas Wright late 
of Kilverstone in this county Esq r .) by whom he had 
issue Robert, John, Anthony, Thomas, George, (which two 
last died infants) Jermyn, Charles, Ann, and Alice. He 
died 21 December 1696 as tat. 55. Robert the eldest son 
died unmarried 25 August 1699 aetat. 30 and lies 
also interr'd near this place, at whose desire this 
monument is erected in memory of his father. 

The tablet is surmounted by a shield of four quartcrings, 1. Az. an eagle displ. 
arg. 2. Arg. three martlets gu. 3. Az. two bars arg. 4. Arg. a fesse gu. in 
chief a label of three points az. impaling Wright, Sa. a chev. engr. arg. betw. 
three fleurs-de-lis or, on a chief of the third three spearheads az. 

Upon a black marble slab, lying north and south on the floor of the south 
aisle, to which it has been removed a from its original position above the grave, 
is the inscription; — " In memory of Mr. Charles Cotton, late of London, mercer, 
the seventh son of John Cotton, late of this parish Esq 1 , who died without issue 
on the 28 th of Jan y . 1740, aged 62 years." Above is the quartered coat, 1 and 4 
An eagle displ. 2. Barry of six, in chief three buckles. 3. A bend cotised 
betw. three roundles. Crest. A dove. In his will he requests that he may " be 
buried in the Chancell of the parish Church of Ashill co. Norfolk, and near the 
remains of my late brother John Cotton esq." b 

a The church was restored about fifteen years since, in indifferent taste, at the cost of the Rev. Bar- 
tholomew Edwards, rector and patron. 

b The will of Mr. Charles Cotton, of the parish of Allhallows, Lombard Street, mercer, dated 18 Sep. 
1740, was pr. P.C.C. 18 Feb. 1740-1 by Cbarles Cotton the younger, his nephew. Book Spurway 33. 
On 20 Apr. 1762 admin, with the will annexed was granted to Sir John Tyrell, Charles Cotton the 
younger having died intestate. 



110 The Parish of East Bar net. 

Mr. John Cotton, the builder of New Place, allows it to transpire that he had 
undergone serious reverses of fortune ; a circumstance which perhaps supplies 
the reason of his parting at an early date with a property which owed so much 
to him. In the opening words of his will, dated 17 Apr. 1735, a he thus alludes 
to his altered position. " Whereas I have heretofore made and published a will 
purporting to be my last Will and Testament wherein I made several Bequests 
and Devises, but since the publishing thereof I have mett with many Losses and 
Misfortunes, And therefore my will is that the said Will and all other wills by 
me made heretofore shall be void, And therefore I do hereby revoke the same." 
He now leaves his property in trust for the benefit of his wife Elizabeth and 
daughter Alice, the latter of whom pre-deceased him in the same year, and 
mentions his eldest daughter, dame Elizabeth Tyrell. Another daughter, Mary, 
wife of James Burgh esq. of the Middle Temple, had died the previous year. 1 ' 

Mr. Cotton does not inform us how his losses arose. He parted with Little 
Grove about the year 1728, a date not very far removed from the collapse of the 
notorious South Sea Scheme, though nothing survives to connect him with this 
great financial catastrophe, the only direct reference to property in his will being 
concerned with lead works in Wales. Passing from Mr. Cotton, the estate 
became the property of a Mr. John Deane, and was by him and Jacomina Maria 
his wife conveyed in April 1734 c to John Sharpe of Lincoln's Inn, esq. In 
March 1752 d it was included in a settlement made upon the marriage of Pane 
William Sharpe, only son of the above John Sharpe, with Mary Newport of 
Southampton Buildings, in the parish of St. Andrew Holborn, only child of George 
Newport, of Camberwell, esq. deceased. After securing the life-interests succes- 

a Proved P.C.C. 19 March 1736-7 by Charles Cotton the brother. Book Wake 53. 

b In Lysons v. 261, under the head of Stanwell, we find, "In the churchyard are the tombs of Mary, 
daughter of John Cotton esq. (heir male of the Cottons of Pudware in Staffordshire) wife of James Burgh 
esq. of Troy in Monmouthshire, and grandson of Ulysses Burgh of Ardagh in Ireland, 1735 ; Alice her 
sister, 1736; James Burgh esq. (husband of Mary) 1739. 

c Lease and Eelease 29 & 30 Apr. 1734. rt Lease and Release 17 & 18 March 1752. 

e The will of George Newport of London, merchant, dated 5 Apr. 1745, was pr. P.C.C. 17 Sep. 
1746 by Henry Evans and John Sharpe of Southampton Buildings esq. the surviving executors therein 
named. Book Edmunds 270. He appoints that his property, consisting largely of possessions at Bar- 
bados and elsewhere in America and of negro slaves, may be realised and, after extensive provision made 
for his daughter (his wife Mary having predeceased him), legacies of 10,000/. each to Greenwich and 
Chelsea Hospitals, and other considerable bequests, provides that " all the rest and residue of his personal 
estate shall be paid unto the proper officers of and belonging to the King's Majesty for the time being for 
or towards building a Ship or Man of War for the service of his Majesty and the Nation, and desires she 



The Parish of East Barnet. Ill 

sively of John Sharpe and Olive his wife, the property was by this deed limited 
to Pane William Sharpe for life, with remainder to Mary Newport for life, by 
way of jointurc, a and ultimately entailed upon the sons of the marriage or. in 
default of such, upon the sons of any later marriage to be contracted by Fane 
William Sharpe. 

Mr. John Sharpe, Solicitor to the Treasury, was the second son of William 
Sharpe, esq. of Beak Street, Piccadilly, and Elstree, in Hertfordshire,' 1 (where 
a monument was placed to his memory in the church, recording his death, 
after a painful surgical operation, ) by Margaret Beake his wife, by whom he 
left nine sons, William, John, Nicholas,' 1 Joshua, Thomas, Charles, Gregory,' 
Philip and Horatio, 8 and four daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, Gulielma-Maria, 1 ' and 
Anne. He died 19 Jan. 1732-3 set. 68, 1 and his widow was buried at Elstree 
7 Sep. 1743. There is also a memorial in the church j to his eldest son William 
Sharpe, esq. of Brockley Hill, Elstree, Clerk of the Council, who died 19 Aug. 
1767, aged 71. k 

may be named the Barbados." It may be inferred from the will that his wife, previous to her marriage, 
had been Mary Sharpe. See the will of her mother, Mrs. Thomasine Damar, pr. P.CC. 3 May 1758. 
Book Hutton 146. 

a The Gentleman's Mag. contains a notice of the marriage on the 17 March 1752, and puts the 
bride's fortune at 90,000^. 

b Clutterbuck i. 1G2; Lysons iv. 26. 

c Arms, Arg. 3 griffins' heads erased sa. within a bordure engr. az. bezantee ; impaling, Gu. a cross 
flory erm. for Beake. 

(1 Clerk to the Cheque to the King's Messengers in Ordinary. Died unm. and buried at Elstree. 
Admin. P.CC. 16 June 1744. 

c Died 25 Jan. 1788. Admin. P.CC. as of the parish of St. Pancras, esq. granted to Horatio Sharpe 
the only brother and next of kin. 

£ Gregory Sharpe, educated at Westminster School and at the Mareschal College Aberdeen ; LL.B. 
of Trin. Coll. Camb. 1738 ; LL.D. 1747 ; prebendary of Salisbury ; appointed Master of the Temple in 
1763 ; died at his residence in the Temple in Jan. 1771 ast. 58. He was author of Dissertations on the 
Origin of Languages, Discourses in Defence of Christianity, and other theological works. See Allibone's 
Diet, of Authors, vol. ii. 

s For many years resident at Paris. See wills of his brother William and nephew F. W. Sharpe. 

h Living unm. in Sep. 1771. See will of Fane William Sharpe. 

! Will pr. P.CC as of St. James' Westminster esq. 10 Feb. 1732-3. Book Price 63. 

' Arms, Arg. 3 griffins' heads erased sa. within a bordure engr. az. bezantee; on anlinescutcheon, Or 
a bend dancettee, betw. 3 crosses crosslet fitchee gu.; on an inescutcheon, Arg. per bend sinister 3 bendlets 
az. counterchanged. Clutterbuck i. 162. Elstree. 

k Will pr. P.CC. as of St. James' Westminster esq. 3 Sep. 1767, by Anne the relict, Book Legard 
352. The will of Anne Sharpe his widow was pr. P.CC as of the King's Road, Chelsea, 22 Feb. 1782, 
Book Gostline 99. 



112 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Mr. Sliarpe of Little Grove died on the 22 Oct. 1756. He refers in his will, 
dated the 29th of the previous September,* 1 to the marriage settlement of himself, 
then described as of St. Dunstan's in the West, gent, and Olive Cartwright, 
spinster, bearing date 17 Dec. 1724. Having bequeathed sufficient funds in 
trust, "with the rents and profits of my estate at East Barnett," to provide a 
yearly income for his widow of 700Z., he leaves her the house in Lincoln's Inn 
Fields in which he now lives. " And whereas my house at East Barnett with 
the estate thereto belonging is settled on my wife for life, I do hereby give my 
said wife the use of all the household furniture in my said house at East Barnett 
of all kinds, woollen and linnen, usefull and ornamental, books, pictures, china, 
and everything else, with all brewing utensills, &c, and also all the Green 
House Plants, &c. and also my Waggons, Carts, Cart horses, and Saddle horses 
(except the horse with the side saddle and furniture, which my daughter usually 
rides on, which horse, &c. I give to my said daughter) for life, and after her 

death to my son Pane William Sharpe Item, I give to my Wife both 

my Coaches with my Chariott and Post Chaise, with all my Coach Horses and 
the Harnesses, &c." Mention is made that a treaty of marriage between his 
daughter Olive and Captain Cra'ster b is " pretty far advanced, with the appro- 
bation of the Captain's father and myself," and he notes that his daughter is to 
have from him 10,000Z. as a portion, together with the house in Lincoln's Inn 
Pields, after her mother's death, the said 10,0002. to be laid out in the purchase 
of lands near Mr. Cra'ster's estate called Cra'ster. To the poor of East Barnet, 
where he was buried 1 Nov. 1756, he leaves 10Z. 

His widow died 19 Eeb. 1760,° and Mary, his son's wife, 3 Aug. 1766," 
leaving an only child Mary. Mr. F. W. Sharpe became thereby strict tenant for 
life of the East Barnet property, but acquired no estate of inheritance, in conse- 
quence of the entail, which extended to any sons of a second marriage. In the 
year 1767, having what he accounted a more convenient residence in the neigh- 
bourhood, 6 and being precluded from giving a title to Little Grove by the terms 

a Proved P.C.C. as of Lincoln's Inn, 24 Nov. 1756, by Olive Sharpe the relict and Fane William 
Sharpe the son. Book Glazier 311. 

b George Cra'ster, an officer in the 2nd troop of horse grenadier guards, d. s. p. 1772. He was 
the only surviving son of John Cra'ster esq. of Cra'ster Tower, near Alnwick, Northumberland, who 
d. in 1764, Burke's Landed Gentry. The will of John Cra'ster of Cra'ster, his father, was pr. P.C.C. 
20 Jan. 1764. Book Simpson 7. 

c Bur. at East Barnet, 25 Feb. 1760. Will dated 30 June 1759 and pr. P.C.C. 19 Feb. 1760. 
Book Lynch 124. a Bur. at East Barnet, 11 Aug. 1766. 

e The South Bailey Lodge, or South Lodge, in Enfield Chace, the property of the Duchy of Lancaster. 



The Parish of East Burnet. 113 

of the settlement, he was forced to seek the assistance of a private Act of Parlia- 
ment, by which (7 Geo. III.) the estate, consisting at this time of 43^- acres, was 
vested in trustees for sale. In August of the same year it was conveyed by them,' 1 
for £4,000, to Edward Willes of Lincoln's Inn Fields, esq. at that time Solicitor- 
General. 

Mr. Pane William Sharpe, M.P. for Callington in Cornwall, whose town 
residence was in Bloomsbury Square, died 21 Oct. I771. b In his will, dated 
on the 30 Sep. previously, he expresses a wish that his daughter, during her 
minority, may reside with the wife and family of his friend Thomas Edwards 
Freeman, of Batsford in Gloucestershire, and directs his executors to invest 
the £4000, arising from the sale of Little Grove, in land, devising the same to 
his uncle Joshua Sharpe for life, with remainder to his own daughter. A 
messuage and lands, amounting to 150a. 3r. 30p. were accordingly purchased at 
East Barnet out of the trust fund, for £5,157, of which £1,157 was raised by 
mortgage, being a portion of Mr. Hadley's estate, offered for sale at Messrs. 
Langford's in the Great Piazza, Covent Garden. It probably included the lands 
afterwards added to the property by Mr. Cass, together with a portion of the 
present park of Oak Hill beyond the brook. 

South Lodge continued to be Miss Sharpe's country residence until her 
marriage. From the published correspondence of Mrs. Delany, Mrs. Chapone, 
the hon. Mrs. Boscawen, and other gentlewomen at that period, she seems to 
have been recognized as a member of the Bas Bleu or Blue Stocking coterie, a 
society of ladies and gentlemen who amused themselves with the assumption that 
they were somewhat in advance of their age, and who were undoubtedly animated 
by an ardent desire for self-improvement and the cultivation of the belles lettres. 
The Bev. John Burrows of Monken Hadley was a prominent figure in the hier- 
archy, and it is probable that the Bev. Dr. Beauvoir,' 1 upon his marriage, was 

•- 1 By Leaso and Eelease 19 and 20 Aug. 1767. b Gent.'s Mag. 

c Proved P.C.C. 8 Nov. 1771 by Charles Gould esq. of Ealing, and Joshua Sharpe esq. and 7 June 
1774 by Mary Sharpe, spinster, the daughter, now of age. Book Trevor 457. He was bur. at East 
Barnet, 29 Oct. 1771, as from Enfield, and his executors are authorized to expend £300 upon a tomb. 

d Osmund Beauvoir, 3rd son of the Rev. William Beauvoir, chaplain to the English embassy at 
Paris when the earl of Stair was ambassador. He was born at Bocking in Essex, entered St. John's 
Camb. as a sizar 26 Oct. 1738 set. 18, and was afterwards a Fellow of the College. He mar. 1st in 
1750, Anne daughter and coheiress of John Boys of Hoad Court, who died in 1762, by whom he 
had three sons, who died unm. and two daughters, Elizabeth, mar. in 1785 to William Hammond esq. 
of St. Alban's Court, Kent, and Isabella, mar. 10 July 1786 to Richard Blackett De Chair, who 
afterwards took Holy Orders and became vicar of Sibertswold near Dover. Gent's Mag. 1786 p. 618. 

P 



11-1 The Parish of East Barnet. 

rewarded with the membership of this dilettante body. Great, notwithstanding, 
was the amazement, a when it was announced that the wealthy heiress, in spite of 
the opposition of her great-uncle and guardian Mr. Joshua Sharpe, was about 
to unite herself to this elderly widower, the father of two grown-up daughters, 
who had retired from the mastership of the Canterbury Grammar School, after 
holdiug the post for thirty-two years. The marriage took place at Totteridge on 
the 14 Oct. 1782, the bride being 29 years of age," and they were visited a few 
days later at South Lodge by Mrs. Chapone, who speaks of it as "a wedding 
which has made everybody smile," but liked all she saw of the bridegroom 
" except his years," and doubts not but what he " will be an indulgent father " 
to his wife. Their married life was spent principally at Bath, where Dr. Beauvoir 
died at his lodgings on the North Parade on the 1 July 1789, and lies buried in 
the south aisle of the Abbey, where there is a tablet to his memory, which has 
been said to be " a blemish to the Church." In September 1791, Mrs. Beauvoir 
again entered the holy estate of matrimony with a widower, in the person of 
Andrew Douglas M.D. of Savile Bow, who had formerly practised as a surgeon 
at Sandwich in Kent. His first wife was a daughter of the Bev. Mr. Carter of 
Deal, and sister of Miss Elizabeth Carter, a lady of some literary reputation, who, 
encouraged by archbishop Seeker, published a translation of Epictetus/ 1 Mrs. 
Douglas, having survived her second husband, died in February 1807. 

Mr. Edward "YVilles, the purchaser of Little Grove, second son of Sir John 
"Willes, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, entered at Lincoln's Inn in 1740, 
was called to the bar in 1746, became King's Counsel in 1756 and Solicitor- 
General in 1766. He was raised to the bench 27 Jan. 1768, but never accepted 
the customary distinction of knighthood. His career as a judge is said to have 
been " unmarked by any other peculiar characteristic, except a certain flippancy 

In relation to this marriage Mrs. Boscawen writes to Mrs. Delany, 12 July 178G, that the young lady 
" took herself away to St, James' church, where she was marry'd to Mr. de Chere, son of Dr. de Chere, 
without the knowledge of her father, for whom she left a letter." Mrs. Delany' s Autobiography vi. 370. 
See Memorials of the King's School Canterbury, by the Rev. J. S. Sidebotham M.A. 1865 p. 65 et seq. 
Burke's Landed Gentry, Hammond, of St. Alban's Court. 

a Hoii Mrs. Boscawen to Mrs. Delany. Mrs. Delany 's Autobiography vi. 112. 

b Gent's Mag. 1782 p. 502. 

c Mrs. Chapone to Mrs. Delany, Nov. 9, 1782. Mrs. Delany' s Autobiography vi. 118. 

a Mrs. Delany's Autobiography iii. 486 note. Biog. Univ. Miss Carter died in 1806, aged 89. 

e Born 29 Nov. 1685, the elder of the two sons of the Rev. John Willes D.D. rector of Bishop's 
Ickington and canon of Lichfield. His younger brother, Edward, was consecr. bishop of Bath and Wells 
in 1743. See Lord Campbell's account of him, Lives of the Chief Justices ii. 266 &c. Foss, Judges 
of England viii. 177, 398, 401. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 115 

of manner, and a neglect of costume." a The judicial bench was, at this period, 
strongly represented at East Barnet, as has been already mentioned. Whilst 
Willes resided at Little Grove, Ashhurst was living at Belmont, and Chief 
Justice De Grey at Monken Erith. The tradition goes that the large drawing- 
room, which formed the eastern wing of the house, was erected by Mrs. Willes 
without her husband's knowledge, during his absence on circuit. He married 
Anne, b daughter of the Bev. Edward Taylor, of Sutton, Wilts, and left three 
sons, John, Edward, and William-Shippen. By his will, dated 15 Dec. 1786,° 
he devised the Little Grove estate, with the cottages since purchased of Mr. 
Sleath, to his wife and two younger sons, in trust for sale, desiring them to offer 
it, in the first instance, to Mrs. Osmund Beauvoir, in accordance with a promise 
previously made. Whether this refusal was given and declined there is no 
evidence, but by lease and release of 16 and 17 May 1794/ 1 the property was 
disposed of for £8,400 to John Tempest esq. of Wynyard in the county Palatine 
of Durham, M.P. for the city of Durham, whose father, another John Tempest, 
had represented the same constituency. 

In the interval between the death of Mr. Justice Willes and its purchase by 
Mr. Tempest, Little Grove was tenanted by David, 7th c viscount Stormont, K.T- 
afterwards 2nd earl of Mansfield, nephew and heir of the great judge, " the 
silver-tongued Murray." ' Mr. Underwood, who had a keen sense of what was 
due to rank, duly notes in the parish register the several positions filled by 
persons of lord Stormont's household, whenever occasions arose for mentioning 
their names. We thus learn that his residence at East Barnet commenced before 
September 1789, whilst he continued there, according to lady Caroline Murray, 
until he succeeded to the Mansfield peerage. The selection of this neighbour- 
hood was probably due to the vicinity of Caen Wood, lord Mansfield's seat, 
michvay between Hampstead and Highgate. The peculiarity of the limitations 
by which he succeeded to the title and property of his distinguished uncle, no 

a Foss. b The marriage settlement was dated 21 Sep. 1751, 

c Proved P.C.C. G Jan. 1787. He was buried at Burnham, in Berkshire. 

d John Freke Willes, only son and heir at law of John Willes, the judge's eldest son, Anne 
Willes, the judge's widow, and Edward and William-Shippen Willes, her two younger sons, were 
parties to the conveyance. 

e Born 9 Oct. 1727, educated at Westminster, and thence elected a student of Ch. Ch. Oxford, 
where he was reckoned a good classical scholar. Gent's Mag. 

1 Lord Mansfield, at that time the Hon. William Murray, and Solicitor General, was one of the 
trustees of Mr. Fane William Sharpe's marriage settlement. 

p 2 



110 The Parish of East Barnet. 

less than the important 11 functions which he himself successively discharged, 
may plead an excuse for something beyond a merely cursory allusion to his 
connection with the parish. The son of lord Mansfield's elder brother David, 
6th viscount Stormont, he succeeded to the Scotch title upon the decease of his 
father in 17-18. When the judge was raised to the earldom of Mansfield, 
31 Oct. 1776, the succession was specially reserved, he being himself childless, 
to Louisa, b viscountess Stormont, the second wife of his nephew, owing to an 
impression, then prevalent amongst lawyers, that no English peerage could, 
under any circumstances, be limited to a Scottish peer. Towards the close of 
his life, when the opposite had become established in law, lord Mansfield obtained 
a new patent, dated 1 Aug. 1793, creating him earl of Mansfield, of Caen Wood, 
co. Middlesex, with remainder to his nephew. Upon lord Mansfield's death, 
March 20, 1793, the two earldoms descended according to their respective 
limitations, lady Stormont inheriting that of the earlier and her husband that of 
the later creation. Lord Stormont, who thus became second earl of Mansfield, 
died at Brighthelmstone, 1 Sep. 1796, in his 68th year, and was grandfather of 
the present peer. On the 9th of the same month he was interred with his uncle 
and aunt in the north aisle of Westminster Abbey, c his heart being carried to 
Kumlington, the family seat in Dumfriesshire. His widow survived until d 
11 July, 1843. The writer of the obituary notice in the Gentleman' 's Magazine 
says of lord Stormont, " No man ever fulfilled all the relative duties of social 
life with more scrupulous exactness, either as a father, a husband, a brother, or 
a friend. His liberality was unbounded, not ostentatious indeed, but secret in 
the manner, and princely in the measure, as the writer of this, who knew him 
long and well, can vouch ; not only as having been, on a very important occasion 

a In 175G appointed envoy to the Court of Dresden, during its residence at Warsaw, when Saxouy 
was overrun by the Prussians after the battle of Lowositz. From 17G3 to 1772 ambassador to the 
Court of Vienna, where he witnessed the succession of Joseph to the imperial dignity in August 17G5. 
From 1772 ambassador to the Court of France, until the spring of 1778, when the French united 
their forces with those of the revolted American colonists in the War of Independence. In 1779 Secretary 
of State for the Northern department. In 1783, and again in 1794, Fresident of the Council. 

b The 3rd daughter of Charles 9th lord Cathcart. Married in J 776. 

c Chester's Memorials of Westminster Abbey, Ab7. 

d Lady Caroline Murray, the last survivor of his five children, (d. 1867) writing to my brother, 
the Rev. Charles W. Cass, in Oct. 1860, for information respecting Little Grove, informed him that 
among her mother's papers were found many indications of the interest she had taken in the poor of 
East Barnet during her residence among them, particularly in relation to the School and to the 
encouragement of spinning. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 117 

of his life, the object of it, but also as one of the channels through which it 
flowed, to the amount of many thousand pounds." 

Mr. Tempest died suddenly at Wynyard, 13 Aug. 1794, very shortly after 
the completion of the purchase and, being childless, devised a the property 
absolutely to his wife. His only son had died at Brighthelmstone, whither he 
went for the recovery of his health, on the 13 Jan. 1793, having just attained 
his majority." Mrs. Anne Tempest, the daughter of Joseph Townsend, esq. of 
Honington Hall, co. Warwick, continued to reside at Little Grove until her 
death on the 31 July, 1817 and, during her occupation, made considerable 
alterations in the gardens, plantations, and pleasure grounds, besides selling 
land to Mr. Kingston of Oak Hill, and purchasing other land which had belonged 
to the Hadley family and from Mr. John Hadley had passed, in the first instance, 
to Mr. Joshua Sharpe and his niece, and from them, in Sep. 1788, to John 
Bacon, of The Friary, Eriern Barnet, who resold it to Mrs. Tempest. She likewise 
erected a chapel, adjacent to the court yard, on the west/ 1 in which divine service 
was performed, for the first time, 6 on Sunday, 12 April, 1801, by the Rev. Mr. 
Lake, her appointed chaplain, son of Sir James Lake, hart, of Edmonton, and 
converted a copyhold messuage, which bore the designation of Cockfosters, into 
two cottages/ 

Mrs. Tempest was affectionately remembered, until the last few years, by 
elderly people in the neighbourhood, being usually spoken of as lady Tempest, 
and must have been a woman of decided character and serious aims. At her 
house she established a school for the training of young girls of the village for 

a In compliance with the terms of his will, Sir Henry Vane bart. assumed the name of Tempest, 
upon taking possession of the estates. The only sister of Mr. Tempest had married the Rev. Sir Henry 
Vane LL.D. (d. 7 June 1794 aged 69) cr. a baronet in 1782. Gent's Mag. vol. lxiv. 580, 772, 859. 

b Gent's Mag. 1793 p. 93. 

c In May 1795. It consisted of two closes, called Little Upper Beckets and part of Great Upper 
Beckets. 

a The chapel, which was never used after Mrs. Tempest's death, was removed by Mr. Cass. 

e Notes by Rev. B. Underwood in the possession of the rector of East Barnet. 

f These are the cottages below the farm, where the path from East Barnet Church strikes the road 
in the direction of Cockfosters. George Armstrong was admitted 12 Apr. 1748 and, dying intestate, his 
brother Warneford Armstrong was admitted as heir at law 10 Nov. 1752. At the same Court he surren- 
dered to Temple West esq. from whose grandson, Temple West of Lower Brook Street, it passed to 
Mrs. Tempest, 24 March 1800. Thomas Wilson was admitted in fee 24 March 1818, Frederick Cass 
8 Apr. 1828, and Frederick Charles Cass and Charles William Cass, as executors of their father, 22 Apr. 
1862. 



118 The Parish of East Barnet. 

service. Her will, dated 14 March, 1S17, was proved on the 13 of August 
following. She devised Little Grove to Gore Townsend, her only brother and 
heir at law, and William Townsend, in trust for sale, ordering that no timber 
should be cut nor stock sold between her decease and the day of auction. The 
purchase money was to be equally divided between her six nephews, Thomas, 
Henry, Edward- James, John, Joseph and Frederick Townsend. 

On the 25 Sep. 1817 the estate was sold by auction at Garraway's to Thomas 
Wilson of Warnford Court, Throgmorton St. esq. for £10,900, the timber upon it 
being valued at the additional sum of £2,495 16s. 9d. The name of Enosh 
Durant a of Copthall Court figures in the conveyance as trustee to bar dower. 
Mr. Wilson, who made an attempt to dispose of it as early as the year 1825, 
retained the property until the month of November 1827, when it was purchased 
by Frederick Cass esq. of Beaulieu Lodge, Winchmore Hill, for £13,500, including 
the timber, its extent, as at the time of Mr. Wilson's purchase, being expressed 
to be 54a. 2r. 22p. of which 49a. 2r. 9p. were freehold and the remainder copy- 
hold of the manor of East and Chipping Barnet. 

Mr. Cass was the youngest, and last survivor, of the eleven children of 
William Cass esq. a London merchant, of Coleman St. and Beaulieu Lodge, b a 
captain of the City Volunteers c during the great war with Prance, who was 
nominated to the office of sheriff of London and Middlesex in the year 1814 and 
paid the fine of £400 to excuse himself from serving. His ancestors had been 
settled for many generations at Barmby-on-the-Marsh, Asselby and Knedlington, 
hamlets of Howden in the East Riding of Yorkshire, and he was born at Asselby 
on the 20 Feb. 1743. Families of a like surname were seated from a distant 
period at Knaresborough and Barwick-in-Elmet in the West Biding, and at 
Sawdon near Scarborough in the North Biding. The earliest known mention 
of the name in the East Biding is the will of Elias Casse, dyer and burgess of 
Beverley, proved at York 20 Jan. 1501, who possessed property at Walkington, 
Burton and elsewhere in the Biding. 

!l Also of High Canons, Shenley, Herts (purchased in 1812), where he was succeeded by his 
kinsman, the late Richard Durant esq. whose elder son, the present Richard Durant esq. is now the 
possessor. 

b Purchased in June 1806, of Thomas Nisbett, the younger, for the sum of £4,750, and sold in 
April 1832 by the late Frederick Cass to Mr. Edward Hall. It is now called Beaulieu. 

c The commission, addressed to William Cass esq. is dated 16 May 1799, and carries the bold 
signature of George the Third, countersigned by the third duke of Portland. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 119 

Will of Elias Casse of Beverley. 

In Dei nomine Amen xxiiij' die mensis Decembris Anno Domini mifto a primo Ego 

Helias Casse de Beverlaco dier et Burgensis compos mentis et sane memorie metuens mortem condo 
testamentum meum in hanc modum Inprimis lego animam meam Deo omnipotenti beate marie 
virgini ac omnibus Sanctis corpus que meum sepeliendum in ecclesia sive capella beate marie 
virginis Beverlaci predicti in insula australi coram imaginem beate marie virginis ibidem Item 
lego fabrice dicte ecclesie pro sepultura mea xx s . sub condicione quod habeam illam petram que 

ibidem jacet super me positam alioquius x s . Item lego marcas ad executionem 

unius ambonis scituandi ad finem borialem sumi altaris ubi legitur sanctum Dei evangelium. Item 

lego fabrice ecclesie Cath. sancti Petri Ebor. iij s . iiij". Item lego custodibus sive fabrice 

ecclesie beate marie virginis Bev'lac unam clasuram prout jacet fratres minores in 

Beverlaco predicto nuper in tenen. Willi Peyrson jam in tenen. Robti Whyte liabendam et 
tenendam dictam clasuram predictis custodibus et successoribus fabrice predicte in perpetuum sub 
condicione quod custodes antedicti et succcssores sui qui pro tempore fiunt celebrari faciant unum 

annuatim in perpetuum cum placebo et dirige cum none lectionibus et missa infra chorum 

dicte ecclesie beate marie ad valorem iij s . iiij d . pro salute anime mee uxorumque mearum Elizabeth, 
et Alicie et pro animabus parentum meorum ac omnium benefactorum meorum et omnium fidelium 
defunctorum Item do et lego omnia terras et tenementa mea que liabeo in Beverlaco in Walkynton 
et in Burton Alicie uxori mee sub hac condicione quod si velit regulari et gubernavi secundum 
voluntatem meam et consilium meum viz. ad custodiendum votum castitatis post decessum meum 
usque ad terminum vite sue et si non fecerit tunc volo quod omnia predicta terras et tenementa 
mea vendantur et disponantur in alia pietatis opera pro salute anime mee et uxorum mearum 
secundum discrecionem executorum meorum sicut velint respondend. coram summo Iudice Item 
lego Roberto Dynewell unum plumbum Item lego Roberto Melton ut oret pro me vj s . viij d . Item 
volo quod unus honestus presbiter per Aliciam uxorem meam deputand. celebret in ecclesia beate 
marie Beverlac. pro anima mea et animabus Elizabeth, et Alicie uxorum mearum ac omnium 

fidelium defunctorum per decern annos continuos immediate post mortem meam sequend 

lego pro salario pro quolibet anno iiij 11 . vj s . viij d . sibi solvend. per dictam Aliciam uxorem meam 
Item lego Ricardo Melton cardmaker pro suo sano consilio et auxilio dicte uxori mee impendend. 
iij u . vj s . viij a . Residuum vero omnium bonorum meorum superius non legatorum debitis meis ac 
legatis et expensis funeralibus persolutis dic f e Alicie uxori mee ad sustentacionem et exhibitionem 

suam si secundum desiderium meum votum emiserit castitatis disponantur pro salute 

anime mee secundum discrecionem executorum meorum inferius nominatorum huius anterii 
testamenti sive ultimas voluntatis mee ordino facio et constituo dictam Aliciam uxorem meam 

et prefatum Ricardum Melton meos executores nolo tamen quod dictus Ricardus Melton 

vel de bonis meis legac suam predictam venderet vel disponere presumat nisi 

in eventu quo Alicia uxor mea votum non emiserit perpetue castitatis. In cuius Rei testimonium 
sigillum meum apposui hiis Iohanne Armstronge Iohanne Wyllymott, Thoma Paytson, Thoma 
Walker, Thoma Aklyffe et aliis. Dat. die et anno prenotatis. Probatum fuit pu° testatmentum 
xx. die mensis Januarii anno domini millimo quingentesimo primo. 

a A.D. 1501. The date is imperfect in the original. 



120 The Parish of East Barnet. 

In pursuance of the wish to that effect, expressed in her husband's will, a 
commission was issued, 31 Dec. 1501/ to John, bishop of Ross, to veil, as the 
ceremony was styled, Alice, widow of Elias Casse of Beverley. A woman after 
her husband's death was allowed to take the vow of chastity, and was then called 
a vowess. A kind of investiture took place before or during the celebration of 
mass, when the celebrant gave the vowess a pall or mantle, a veil and a ring, 
and she made a vow of chastity, according to a prescribed form of words. The 
celebrant was not necessarily a bishop but might be an abbot or prior. This vow 
merely obliged the lady to live in chastity. She was not separated from the 
world, but could live in it, and make a will, and dispose of her property, as was 
done in the present instance." 

Will of Alice Casse of Beverley. 

In del nomine Amen. vi t0 die mens. Julii anno dni millimo qc mo iij° ego Alicia Casse nuper 
relicta Eiie Casse de Bev'lac dier compos mentis et sane memorie condo et ordino testamentum 
meum in hunc modum. In primis comendo animam meam deo omnipotenti beatissimeque marie 
vyrgini et omnibus Sanctis celi corpusque meum sepeliendum coram altar, beate marie in parte 
australi ecclesie beate marie virginis in Bev'lac. Item lego nomine mortuarii mei .... moris est. 
Item leo Elene sorori mee uxori Alex' Quarton omnia vestimenta mea ac zonas et p'culas meas 
uno par 9 p'cular 9 except, inferius legat. Item lego Alexand 1 ' Quarton xx h . Item lego Thome 
Quarton filio eiusdem Alex 1 x 11 . Item lego Alexand Quarton juniori x u . Item lego Eliz. 
Quarton x 1 '. Item lego Johanne Mawer x 1 '. Item lego repacon sive emendacbn com' platee 
existent, in? villam . . . . de Bev'lac et Kyngston sup. Hull xviij 1 ' xv s . Item lego ux' Johannis 
Armstronge unum par p'cular 9 mear 9 optimaru 9 . Item lego Johanni Armstronge x 1 '. Item lego 
domino Johanni Calyngarth x so1 . Item lego Willielmo Xewcom capellano x so1 . Item lego Ricardo 
Melton pennam solid, argenti. Item lego Thome Aklyffe .... Eesiduum vero omnium bonoium 
meorum non lcgat. debitis raeis persolutis et funeralibus expensis meis deductis do et lego Alex 
Quarton quern constituo et facio executorem meum ut dysponat mea bona pro salute anime mee. 
Et huius testamenti mei facio supervisors predictos Ricardum Melton Cardmaker et Thomam 
Aklyffe quos precordialis supplico quod sint benevolentes auxiliantes et consilientes dicto executori 
meo in omnibus post . . . fideliter perimplendis. In cuius Rei testimonium huic predicto testimonio 
meo sigillum meum apposui his testibus Roberto Torno rc de Kyngston sup. Hull capellano Conando 
Foster capellano Ricardo Melton Thoma Aklyffe. Dat. die et anno supradict. Probatum d fuit . . . 
testamentum primo die mensis Augusti anno domini sup'dict. Administraco commissa fuit Alex 
Quarton executori in eodem testamento nominato. 

a Keg. Savage 12a. D Testamenta Eboracensia, Surtees Soc. Pub. 

c From the will of Cornelius Johnson, of Kyngston upon Hull, Berebruar, dated 8 Oct. 1502 (fo. 49 b 
in the same book), it seems that Robert Tornor was capellanus parochialis of the church of St. Mary the 
Virgin, at Hull. a At York. 



Between pages 120 ami 121. 



RK. 



Jennee, of Barmby=f=Jennett , mar. 11 July 

154(5 1545, bur. 16 Nov. 1564. 



Jcnnett Si 
1548-9; 1564. 
bur. 17 J 



Isabella, b'apt. 13 Sep. 1546. 

Alice, bapt. 25 Feb. 1549-50 ; l)ur. 8 July 1550. 

Jennett , bur. 14 June 1551. 

Agnes, bapt. 11 June 1552. 



I 

John, bapt. 
27 Dec. 1572; 
bur. 21 June 
1573. 



Joan ,=pGeorge CtEmme , mar. 

bur. 7 Ja 20 Apr. 1605; bur. 
17 Nov. 1654. 



mar. 9 May 
1596; bur. 19 
May 1603. 



John, Agnes, bapt. 2 Sep. 1581 ; bur. 23 March 1584-5. 

bur. 24 Sep. 1587. Agnes, bapt. 9 Apr. 1586; bur. 25 Oct. 1588. 

Catherine, bapt. 25 June 1587; bur. 15 Jan. 1587-8. 
Anne, bapt. 27 Oct. 1588; bur. 12 Dec. 1588. 
Mary, bapt. 24 Feb. 1589-90; bur. 13 Feb. 1593-4. 



Catherine, dau. of Nicholas^ 
Arlnsh, or Ayrelush, of | 
Knedlington, bapt. 10 
May 1601 ; mar. 13 Nov. 
1630 ; bur. 29 Mch. 1633 



:John Casse, of=p. 
Knedlington, 
bapt. 27 Sep. 
1598. 

I 

4. 



Anne Birkbie,=William Casse,=Mary 



Kirkbie, 
mar. 21 Oct. 
1632 ; bur. 14 
Nov. 1639. 



bapt. 21 
1608. 



June 



Robinson, 
mar. 14 
Nov. 1640. 



Robert, George, Catherine, bapt. 22 

bur. 29 bapt. 20 Sep. 1611; bur. 1 Oct. 

Nov. June 1613. 

1620. 1620. Mary, bapt. 11 Jan 

1615-6. 



Catherine, bapt. 20 Feb 1632-3; mar. 28=pThomas 
Jan. 1655. Will dated 7 May 1693. | 9 Oct. '. 

r™i r-H 

Thomas Jane in. ... RoV. 

Nicholas. Ellen. 

Mary. 



Anne, mar. 24 Apr.= 
1677. 



=Richard Copley, of 
North Duffield. 



lizabeth, bapt. 8 Aug. 1703; bur. 23 Feb. 1703-4. 
ane, living 24 May 1717. 
[ary, bapt. 30 June 1708; living 24 May 1717. 
tannah, bapt. 4 Dec. 1715. 

g- 

an. 1816.* 

21 March 1756. 

Feb. 1778. 

ich. Moore; d. 17 Oct. 1800.* 



William Tewart, captain in the Coquetdale Rang 
Yeomanry, J.P. for North Durham, of Glanton i 
Swinhoe, co. Northumberland, only child of J<] 
Tewart, of the same (d. 19 Apr. 1844), and grandfc 
of William Tewart of Monkvvearmouth, co. Durb 
by Margaret, dau. of Robert Lawsnn of Longhi 
Northumberland, born 21 Jan. 1799, d. at Brighi 
14 July 1850, and bur. at Hove (3). 



Julia Elizabeth, 2nd dau.=j=Frederick Charles Cas 



b. at Southgate Park ; 
mar. at Hove, Sussex, 23 
June 1853. 



Lodge 4 Sep. 1824; 
College, Oxford ; pat 
Monken Hadley, co. ]\ 



Frederick Herbert Faussett Cass, Frederick 

b. 22 Dec. 1854, d. 12 Jan. b. 18 D 

1855, bur. at Preston, near Exeter C 
Brighton. 



(1) Of thisfam 
bapt. 13 March 1624 
Lambeth Libr.). 
Nathaniel, who d. s. 
21 Jan. 1692-3, aet. 
consecr, bishop of Pe 
mar. Nathaniel Rye 
formerly the residenc 
3 mullets sa.; impal 
by a dart of the last. 

(2) The name o 



Frederick Cass, J.P.= 
id D.L. for Hertford- 
iire, b. at Waltham- 
ow, Essex, 19 Sep. 
787; (1. at Little Grove 
7 May 1861.* 



:Martha. eld. dau. of John 
Dell Potter, of Ponders 
End, co. Midd. and co- 
heiress of her brother 
Robert Potter, b. 25 June 
1 7'.>r> ; mar. at Enfield 13 
Mch. 1823; d. 29 June 
1870.* 



1. Elizabeth, b. 19 Dec. 1772 ; d. 19 Jan. 1775. 

2. Mary Ann, b. 3 Feb. 1774; d. at Walthamstcw 

29 Oct. 1790.* 

3. Sophia, b. 20 March 1777; d. 24 Feb. 1780. 

4. Eliza, b. 21 Feb. 1786; d. 21 Dec. 1786.* 



Cross, Arthur Herbert Cass, h. at Beaulieu Lodge 19 July 

child 182S; of Trinity Coll. Camb.; colonel in the army; 

India formerly major 10th Royal Hussars. Served in the 

Crimea (medal and clasp). 



Martha Adelina, b. at Beaulieu 
Lodge 4 Aug. 1830. d. at Little 
Grove 12 March 1831.* 



Charles Herbert Davis Cass, b. 13 Aug. 
1858 ; educated at Winchester, lieut. 
2nd batt. Welsh Regiment (late 69th), 
serving in Ireland (May 1885). 



Constance Mary. 
Lilian Maud. 
Mary Adeline. 
Edith Caroline. 



dest sou, John Edward Tewart, afterwards major 6th Royal Regt. (served in India 
sn's Own Tower Hamlets Militia, who d. 12 Apr. 1880, and was succ. by his only 
Hubert Tewart. The estate of Swinhoe Broomford, consisting of 717 acres, was pur- 
art, of Glanton, for £23,400, of Mr. George Taylor, father of Sir Henry Taylor, 
peldt," in whose family it had been for several generations. From the informa- 
Autobiograpliy, pub. 1885, vol. i. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and note, 
iar jurisdiction of Howden are preserved at York, previous to the year 1660. 



Buried at Tottenham. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 121 

The name is not set down, or at least is no longer legible, in a record of the 
Poll Tax levied in the wapentake of Howden in the first year of Richard the 
Second, and we first meet with it in a Subsidy List of the 27 Hen. VIII. (a.d. 
1536) in which George Casse and Robert Casse, both of Barmby, are mentioned. 
This was the year of the great Catholic rising in the North, in the month of 
October, known as the Pilgrimage of Grace, and it is probable enough that the 
family was represented in the ranks of the insurrection. Robert Aske, one of 
the captains, who became the leading spirit of the enterprize, was a barrister, 
but of a respectable Yorkshire family, whose elder brother, John Aske, resided at 
Aughton on the Derwent a few miles to the north of Barmby. He was drawn 
into the movement on his passage through Lincolnshire a towards London at the 
close of the law vacation, and speedily acquired the foremost place in it, b though 
his brothers, John and Christopher, remained unshaken in their allegiance. The 
Yorkshire insurrection, stirred into activity by flaming beacons and the clanging 
of bells from the church steeples, rapidly overspread the flat district of Howden- 
shire. Men from every village and hamlet marched upon York, with the parish 
priest at their head, and it is said that a body, counting no less than 30,000, 
advanced from Howden and Beverley towards the Don and Pontefract, under 
Aske and lord Darcy of Templehurst, demanding the restoration of the monas- 
teries and a reunion with Rome. Wressle Castle, the seat of the Percys, on 
the left bank of the Derwent, situated within a short walk from Barmby 
across the fields skirted by the river, became one of the earliest objects of the 
insurgents, but the earl of Northumberland, who lay there sick and dying, could 
not be prevailed upon, even by threats, to cast in his lot with them. d 

Christopher Aske, when under examination on the 12 of May in the following 
year, states that the rebellion began in Howden and in the village adjoining, 
and says that he and his brother John were the same day at Hemingborough, 
where they found the people drawn out in the fields preparing to go forward and 
only awaiting the ringing of the great bell of Howden church/ Eroude, in a 
brilliant passage, relates the gallant deed, by which, in a stolen night-march, the 

a The Lincolnshire rising began at Louth on the 2 Oct. 1536. 

b He was hanged at York in the July following. 

c Executed on Tower Hill, 20 June 1537. Froude iii. 219. 

d Froude's Hist, of England iii. 120. Green's Hist, of the English People ii. 171. 

e Knedlington. 

f Northern Rebellion, Box I. No. 140. Record Office. 

Q 



122 The Parish of East Bar-net. 

same Christopher conveyed the lady Eleanor Clifford a and her children from 
Bolton Abbey, through the midst of the rebel ranks, into the security of Skipton 
Castle, shewing of what stuff the Askes were made, and that the men of the 
East Riding were no degenerate breed. Five years later, on the 1 of July, 1541, 
the King set out on a progress to the North, and in the course of his journey 
visited Wressle Castle and Hull. At the Yorkshire border he was met by " two 
hundred gentlemen of the shire in coats of velvet, and four thousand tall yeomen 
well horsed." b These, without doubt, were of the same men who, in 1536, had 
followed the leading ol St. Cuthbert's banner and worn the pilgrim's badges, 
and it is presumable that men from Barmby and the neighbouring hamlets were 
present in this goodly array. 

A century afterwards Howdenshire was once more a scene of warlike excite- 
ment. In 1641, the earl of Northumberland of that day having espoused the 
popular cause, Wressle received a garrison for the parliament, but the political 
bias of its owner did not prevent the building from suffering severe injury at the 
hands of his party before the conclusion of the struggle. The sympathies of the 
district were with the same side, and when Fairfax took refuge within the walls 
of the castle in June 1643 and, subsequently, when lie defeated the royalists 
at Selby, 11 April, 1644, it is not likely that the neighbouring squires and 
yeomen looked on as indifferent spectators. 

When the Musters were taken within the liberties of Howden, 13 April. 
30 Hen. VIII, Robert Casse of Barmby appears amongst the billmen able to 
serve the King with horse and harness for one archer. d The name of 
John Casse of Menthorpe is also in the list. 6 In 32 Hen. VIII. the same 
Robert is assessed to the subsidy upon £20, in bonis, and in 34 and 35 
Hen. VIII. George and Robert Casse again figure in the list, as of Barmby/ 
Their descendants, a race of yeomen, continued from father to son, for many 
generations, to inhabit the same region. Save where the Derwent, in its sinuous 
course, sweeps round the ruins of Wressle Castle, it is an uninteresting tract 
of country, and consists for the most part of a flat alluvial plain, where the 

a Proude, iii. 141. 

b Hall; Froude, iv. 124; H. E. Chetwynd Stapylton's Stapleton Records ii. 30. 

c Guizot, Histoire de Charles I er ii. 34 ; Memoires de Fairfax, p. 388. 

'' York, East Riding Musters, 30 Hen. 8. Dom. Cap. Westm. A. j 2 5 . 

e A hamlet of the adjoining parish of Heminghorough. 

f Subsidies, York, East Riding. Vol. 83, \%± fg|, §£§. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 123 

tower of Howden church, a fine fragment of a larger edifice, a is a prominent 
object, as seen for many miles across the level fields. The hamlet of Barmby, 
with its little church, dedicated to St. Helen, b an ancient chapelry of Howden, 
stretches into a spit of land inclosed by the Derwent and the Ouse at a point 
where the former flows between muddy banks to the junction of its waters with 
the latter, above Langrick ferry. 

William, only surviving son of Joseph Cass, severed the long connection 
with this neighbourhood after his father's death, and came to London. Having 
previously resided at Walthamstow, he purchased Beaulieu Lodge in July 1806 
for £4750, and there died 29 Oct. 1819, leaving a widow and two surviving sons 
Charles and Frederick, of whom the former died unmarried in Nov. 1825. By 
a singular provision of his will, a life interest in Beaulieu Lodge was given 
to his wife, terminable in favour of whichever of his sons should first marry. 
Accordingly, when Frederick, the younger son, married in March 1823, his 
mother's interest came to an end and he succeeded in fee. 

The house at Little Grove was considerably enlarged by Mr. Cass, who 
erected a western wing, effected other extensive alterations, and removed the 
chapel. He constructed the piece of water in the park and, in 1836, added to 
the property 40 acres of land, which from the Sharpes had passed to Mr. Bacon 
of Priern Barnet and from him to the first Sir William Curtis, hart, of Cullands 
Grove, Southgate. Mr. Cass served the office of high sheriff of Hertfordshire in 
1844-5, and died at Little Grove 17 May 1861, in Ids 74th year. His executors 
sold the estate in July 1862 to Alexander Henry Campbell esq. 3rd son of the 
late Colin Campbell esq. of Colgrain, d Dumbartonshire, who afterwards purchased 
the Werrington Park estate from the duke of Northumberland and, from 1865 
to 1868, sat in parliament as M.P. for the contiguous borough of Launceston. 
Prom Mr. Campbell who, like the previous owner, had enlarged the house and 
added to the acreage, Little Grove passed, in December 1871, to Sigismund James 
Stern esq. a merchant and banker of London and J. P. for the county palatine of 

a The choir fell down in the year 1G96, having become unsafe for divine service in 1630. Allen's 
County of York. 

h On the occasion of its recent restoration, in 187], the old connection of the family with the village 
was borne witness to by the presentation of a brass lectern, with an inscription. 

c Connecting Barmby, on the left, with Drax, on the right bank of the Ouse. 

d Burke's Landed Gentry — " Campbell of Colgrain." Arms — Gyronny of eight, or and sa. in chief, 
a mullet, counterchanged, all within a bordure embattled az. charged with eight buckles, of the first. 
Crest — A boar's-head, erect and erased, or, armed and langued arg. 

Q2 



124 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



Lancashire. Mr. Stern, born 5 Dec. 1807 at Frankfort on the Main, only son of 
the late James Stern, merchant, of that city, married, in 1842, Margaret, fifth 
daughter of Thomas Sharp, of Manchester, esq. by whom he has no issue. a 
Having been for some months in declining health, he died at Little Grove, 
universally regretted, on Friday the 15 May 1885, in his 78th year. He was 
distinguished for a calm and measured judgment, solid information, and varied 
personal accomplishments, whose opinion always deserved and carried weight, 
accompanied, as it was, with a dignified presence, a decided, though gentle, 
bearing, and manners singularly refined and unpretending. On the Thursday 
following his decease he was buried in the churchyard of East Barnet. 



a Arms — Gu. a chev. betw. three mullets or; impaling, Az. a pheon arg. within a bordure or semee 
of torteaux, for Sharp. Crest — A talbot sejant ppr ; the dexter paw resting on a mullet, as in the arms. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 125 

"THE HOUSE NEAR BOURN GATE," 

NOW CALLED 

BOHUN LODGE. 

The latter designation was presumably an arbitrary assumption of compara- 
tively recent date, imagined out of the ancient connection of the De Bohun 
family with the neighbouring Chace. It goes back, at all events, to Mr. Jacob 
Baker's a ownership in the last century, Avhen we find the property known under 
the style of Bohun Place. Originally it extended no further than the limit of 
the royal demesne, but now embraces a portion of what was formerly forest, 
whilst tbe house itself has most likely undergone numerous transformations 
before acquiring its present appearance. On quitting Southgate and passing 
Owsage, a strip of uninclosed land lay to the left of the road, as the traveller 
proceeded northwards, including tbe site of the farm buildings belonging to Oak 
IIill. b The old boundary ran close to the mansion of Monken Erith and to a 
tenement continually alluded to as "the house," or messuage, '"near bourngate." 
The strip, or belt, in question comprised the frontages conveyed, at the time of 
the Enclosure Act (17 Geo. Ill), to Mr. Arnold, of the former, and Mr. Baker, of 
the latter, respectively. Its extent may still be identified by some fine timber 
on the right, as one approaches Oak Ilill from the lodge in the Southgate road, 
and in a paddock to the left of the carriage drive leading to Bohun Eodgc, where 
the gnarled trunks of forest trees give it a character, which has been aptly 
described as — 

Something betwixt a pasture and a park. 

Reference has been already made to ''bourngate." or "burnegate," meaning the 
boundary gate opening into Enfield Chace at the point where the road, leading up 
from the village of East Barnet by the sharp ascent of Doggctt's Hill, a entered the 

a Bohun Gate is mentioned in a deed of 29 Dec. 1770. 

b Sometimes described of late years as Oak Hill Park, to distinguish it from a modern residence 
called Oak Hill, erected upon land detached from the estate when it passed away from the Clarke 
family. 

c Supra, p. 87. 

rt Supra, p. 04. At a court of the manor held 42 Eliz. Hatchelswicke is described as a messuage 
between the King's highway and le brooke, at East Barnet, once occupied by John Dogett, and afterwards 

• R 



126 The Parish of East Barnet. 

royal hunting ground. Its position is indicated at this day by the parish marks on 
the opposite fences of Bohun Lodge and Belmont. The manorial records, as early 
as 15 April 44 Eliz., mention a house near hurnegate (mess, sive ten. ppe 
burnegate) in the tenure of Richard Brewtie and Alice his wife, with remainder 
to Thomas Brewtie and Agnes his wife. Owing to mildew, the Court Rolls are, 
in places, so illegible, that it is impossible to ascertain the successive tenancies 
with any approach to completeness. Either this house or another in its near 
vicinity is found, in 1618, in the occupation of John Rea, citizen and goldsmith 
of London, a member of the Goldsmiths' Company, whose father was Richard 
Rea, of Kidderminster, a from which place he himself came. His name appears 
with others, on the 19 of May, in a grant made by the lords of the manor of East 
Barnet/' His will, dated 16 October, 1621, when " sicke and weake in body," 
in which he desires to be buried " in the parish church of St. Bride als Bridge tt, 
near Eleete Streete," was proved on the following 16 January c by Elizabeth, 
the relict. After naming his sons, John,' 1 Roger, 6 and Lancelot/ and his 
daughters, Elizabeth, Anne, and Susan, all in their minority, and recording that 
Richard, his eldest son, has been already " advanced," he gives to the poor of 
East Barnet twenty shillings, and to his wife " a large table, a sacke, a cesterne, 
and a pipe of leade, a paire of brasse andirons, and all the needle worke chaires 
and stoolcs being in my house in the parishe of East Barnet aforesaid." The 
frequent allusion in wills to chairs, stools, and cushions, embroidered in needle- 
work, affords an insight into the occupations to which gentlewomen at this 
period devoted their leisure hours, and which had, at least, a direct bearing upon 

by John Perkins. Licence was granted, 30 Nov. 10 Jac. 1612, to Thomas Conycrs esq. to let a messuage 
at East Barnet, called Hatehelswicke. In 1G32 it was inhabited by Mr. John Berkeley, Sir Bobert's 
brother. 

a See a pedigree in Le Neve's Knights. Harl. Soc. Pub. viii. 168, 169. Arms: az. four crescents 
arg. in fesse a bezant. 
b Supra, p. 83. 
c P. C. C. Book Savile 7. 

- 1 Scrivener of London and of Bichmond, co. Surrey. Knighted at Whitehall 15 May, 1G63. 
Married twice and left issue. Will proved P. C. C. 8 Aug. 1671, by William Church exor. Book 
Duke 107. 

c Boger, the third son, was a stationer and d. in the Charterhouse, where he was buried, about July 
1667. He m. Ursula, daughter of Firmian Le Neve, gent, and aunt of Peter Le Neve, by whom he had 
a son Boger, also a stationer, who m. Margaret, his first cousin, daughter of Sir John Bea, and d. very 
poor, as parish clerk of St. Peter le Poer. Vide TIarl. Soc. Pub. viii. 168, 169. 
f Fourth son. Besided in Worcestershire. 



The Parish of Bast Barnei. 127 

the comfort and ornamentation of their dwellings. Mrs. Elizabeth Ilea, the 
widow, remarried Mr. Arthur Jarvis or Gcrvis, Clerk of the Pipe, a whose name, 
together with the names of his step-sons, Richard and John Ptca, appears in the 
list of contributorics to the building of the chancel in 1G32. Administration of 
the goods of Arthur Jarvis Esq., of the parish of St. Gabriel, Ecnchurch, London, 
who died in the borough of Southwark, was granted, 19 January 1G35-G, to 
Arthur Jarvis esq., of the parish of St. Bartholomew the less, London, the son. 
By his former marriage Mr. Jarvis had a son and heir, John Jarvis, D.C.L., 
rector of North Eambridge and Greenstead, Essex, who married Mary, daughter 

of Church, of Springfield in that county, by whom he had a son named 

Church, and a daughter Martha. '' 

At a Court of the manor, 30 April, 20 Jac, Richard, son and heir of 
John Rca, being of full age, demands the reversion after the death of Elizabeth 
his mother, now the wife of Arthur Jarvis, and, a little later, die Martis, 22 
April 1628, we find him admitted to a tenement, with garden and orchard (uii 
Tentii. cum gardino et pomario). He was admitted at the same Court, with Jane, 
his wife, to Upper Ansicles, which they appear to have mortgaged, 9 August 
1045, to Robert Newman. 

When the Survey of Enfield Chace took place in 1636, permission was 
conceded to Richard Rea of East Barnet, gentleman — and a rent of six pence per 
annum reserved for the concession — to lay pipes in His Majesty's Chace of 
Enfield, to draw water to his house at Bourn Gate, " provided always that he do 
not stop up the well, but it may lay open for people's use and for His Majesty's 
deer to come to the water to drink." One might almost surmise that, in the 

a See State Papers Dom. 2 May and 24 July 1610. Gcrvis (Master of the Pipe Office, co. Essex ; 
confirmed by Camden, Clarenceux, to Arthur Gcrvis, Master of the Pipe Office), Quarterly, ] and 4, Sa. 
on a chev. betw. three doves arg. a fleur dc lis az. ; 2 and 3, Gu. on a chev. betw. three trefoils slipped 
arg. as many pellets. Crest, a demi lion ramp. guar, or, supporting a banner, staff encircled with a 
coronet ppr. on the pennon arg. a cross gu. Burke's General Armory. 

b Harl. MS. 1542, f. 101 b . John Jarvis, of Essex, arm. fil. n. max. aged 18, matriculated at Oxford 
from B.N.C. 18 Jan. 1621-2, M.A. of All Souls 9 July 1G25, and D.C.L. 1631-2. He was appointed to 
North Fambridge, 1 Feb. 1630, and to Grinsted (Greenstead) juxta Colchester, 9 June 1638. New- 
court, ii. 253, 287. It is not clear how or when they were vacated by him but, as both benefices were in 
the patronage of the Crown, it is possible that he suffered deprivation under the Commonwealth. His 
signature in the registers of North Fambridge is met with, for the first time, in 1637 and, for the last, in 
1615. 

c According to Le Neve, he was a hosier on Ludgate Hill and mar. the dan. of Erasmus Grenaway 
of London. 

E, 2 



128 The Parish of East Barnet. 

leaden pipe and cistern, bequeathed to his mother by her first husband, we detect 
an allusion to the rudimentary water supply, upon which the residence at Bourn 
Gate was dependent. Mrs. Jarvis, a as we have seen, had a life interest in the 
premises and, 16 Apr. 1650, b we have it presented that, on 1 Sept. in the pre- 
ceding year, she had concurred with Robert Newman, as mortgagee, and her son 
Richard, and Jane his wife, in a surrender to the use of William Meggs, of 
London, esq. for ever. 

No parochial record contains any other reference to Mr. William Meggs, and 
the connection with East Barnet seems to have rested with his younger brother, 
James Meggs, D.D., one of the deprived and persecuted clergy under the 
Commonwealth. It may perhaps be concluded that William was trustee for 
him, and that he resided in retirement at East Barnet during the tyranny of 
puritanism, as in a spot 

" Not wholly in the busy world, nor quite 
Beyond it." 

Their father was the son of William Meggs, citizen and draper of London, 
and of the parish of Whitechapel, alias St. Mary Matfelon. His will, bearing 
date 20 July, 1598, was proved 13 February, 159|-. a After expressing a wish to 
be buried in the chancel of the parish church of Whitechapel, beneath the stone 
where his first wife and children were buried, he goes on to prescribe the order 
of his obsequies. 

" As concerning my funeral," he says, " I desier that it maie be pformed in 
some afternoone, and that Mr. Gardner or some other Godlie Preacher maie 

a The will of Elizabeth Jarvis, of London, widow, dated 7 May 1617, waspr. P.C.C. 10 Feb. 1656-7 
by Roger Rea, her son, sole exor. Book Ruthen 57. 

b Cur. Eot. Maner. 

c Or, a chev. engr. az. betw. three mascles gu. on a chief sa. a greyhound courant arg. Crest, a 
griffin sejant per bend gu. and or ducally gorged of the last. Motto, Deus mihi scutum. Visit. Middlesex 
1663 ; granted by Cooke, Clarenceux 24 June 1579. Burke's General Armoury, Harl. MSS. 1096 f. 5 b . 
1359 f. 106 b . Crest, a griffin sejant per pale gu. and or, winged arg. tipped of the first, beaked and 
ducally gorged or. Harl. MS. 1648 f. 118. Visitations of Lancashire and Middlesex 1664. 

a P.C.C. BookKidd 11. 

e Eichard Gardner, M.A. was appointed Rector of St. Mary Matfelon, 5 June 1570, and continued 
Rector in the year 1617, and had been so for 47 years and was then 77 years old. Xewcourt, i. 700. In 
a glass window, at the upper end of the chancel of St. John Wapping, was the inscription ; " Richardus 
Gardnerus White-Chappel, Rector 1617. An. Eesident. siue 47. ^Etatis suas 77." lb. i. 671. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 129 

make a sermon at my funcrall for the comforte of God's children, and moste 
declaracon to the Churche that I departed (as I assuredly hope that I shall), in 
the Christyan faithe." And then he proceeds to define the festivities with which 
he would further have it accompanied, and to which the Master, Wardens, and 
Livery of the Drapers, with others, are to be invited. " And I desier, y l no 
Supstition, nor no matter of unnecessarye chartlgc be used about my funerall, 
hut I will that myne Executor shall make the worshipfull companies to drincke 
within my yard with ale, beer, wine, and spiced bread, before the corps go to the 
Churche, and at my house for the residue of my ffreindes and parishioners such 
as were not at the same drincking, at their coming from Churche at a bankett at 
the discretyon of my Executor and Overseers." The care for the spirituall 
edification of the mourners contrasts somewhat grotesquely with the almost 
barbaric hospitality of the provision for the entertainment of his friends and 
gossips of the Drapers' Company on the occasion. To his present wife, 0, whose 
marriage settlement bore the date of 9 April, 159-1, she being therein described 
as Elizabeth Keathe, 1 ' widow, he leaves an annuity of £20, charged upon his 
manor of Cockermouth, and £200 in money, together with his mansion house, 
wherein he now dwells, called the Hart's Horn, for life, if she continue a widow, 
with remainder to Prudence Oxwicke and Elizabeth Pill, his daughters. 

A comparison of the family wills shows that William Meggs, son of the 
preceding, was twice married, his second wife being Judith, one of the daughters 
of Sir Thomas Cambell, knight, alderman of London, from whom, as stated in 
his will, 3 she received a portion of £1,000, "besides three hundred pounds given 

a The will mentions David Bourne, " my now wife's son," and the will of the said David Bourne, 
citizen and goldsmith, dated 23 Nov. 1656, was pr. P.C.C. 23 Feb. 1656-7. Book Ruthen 57. "My 
worldly estate," he says, "hath long rested in the hands of powerfull adversaries, by reason of the long 
distractions of thcise times, and my disabilitie of body and purse, and by reason of my blindenes and 
weakenes." 

b Her second husband, William Keathe, of Child Okeford, co. Dorset, " minister," was the author 
of the well-known version of Psalm C, " All people that on earth do dwell." In his will, dated 24 Jan. 
and pr. P.C.C. 6 June 1594, after his widow's remarriage (Book Dixy 46), he desires to be buried in the 
churchyard of Child Okeford, south of the church. He died s. p. leaving several bequests of books, of 
which he had a fair library for those times. To David, his wife's son, he bequeaths " my greate Bible in 
Lattin and Frenche, my small Bible in French, Calvyn's Opusculs and Virett's enstructions, bothe greate 
Volumes in Frenche." 

c In her will she speaks of Joice Bowdler as her daughter in laiv. See pedigree. 

d Dated 1 Sep. 1612, and pr. P.C.C. 12 March 1613-4, by James Cambell, alderman, and Robert 
Cambell, the sons. Book Lawe 22. He was sheriff 1600, and lord mayor 1609. 



130 The Tarisli of East Bamet. 

to William Megges, to be payed unto his children at sondrye dayes appoynted. 
Allso I do give unto "William Megges and Judith his wife, to either of them 
fyve poundes a peece to make either of them a Ringe to weare in remembraunce 
of me, the which I desire that after theire decease, Thomas Meggs their sonne 
may have the one and Judith theire daughter may have the other to keepe in 
remembraunce of me." The will of William Meggs, a citizen and draper like his 
father, is dated 19 Apr. 1619, and he requests that he may be " buried in the 
evening hi the Chauncell of White Chappell Church under the stone where my 
father and mother lie." A wish is likewise expressed that " Judith my wife 
remaine in my house wherein I dwell in the parish of St. Mary Matfellon, als 
Whitechappell, w cl1 house and grounds I holde as executor to my father, Mr. 
William Meggs deceased, untill Thomas Meggs my son shall attain his age of 
twenty-four." 

Judith Meggs survived her husband for more than forty years, attaining the 
advanced age of 83. Born before Elizabeth had accomplished the half of her 
remarkable reign, and accustomed during her prime to the peaceful rule of 
James, she must have felt sensibly, throughout the troubled interval that fol- 
lowed, that the times were out of joint. She lived, notwithstanding, through the 
disorders of the Great Civil War and the anxious uncertainty of the Common- 
wealth, to see the second Charles restored to the throne of his ancestors and her 
son James reinstated in the preferment from which he had been so violently 
thrust by the Parliamentary Commissioners. 13 Her will, as of " the parish of 
White Chappell, being aged 77 years," was made 19 September, 1656,° two 
codicils being added on the 14 August, 1659 and the 4 October, 1662 
respectively, with a request that she may be interred under the stone in the 
chancel, where her husband Mr. William Meggs lies buried. Amongst many 
other bequests, she leaves to Margaret, the wife of her son James Meggs, a piece 
of plate of the full value of twenty pounds, and to Dr. Joseph Goulston a piece 
of silver plate of the value of thirty nobles. 

a Pr. P.C.C. 26 July 1G21, by Thomas the son, Judith, the relict, renouncing. Book Dale 66. 
Adm. c. T. of the goods left unadin. by Thomas, was granted, 10 Dec. 1628 to William the son. Admin, 
of Thomas Meggs. late of Whitechapel, but deceased at Barbados, was gr. 15 Dec. 1655, to a creditor. 

b Newcourt, i. 409, note. 

c Pr. P.C.C. 5 May 1663, by William Meggs esq. and James Meggs D.D., the sons. Book 
Juxon 67. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 131 

James Meggs, the younger surviving son a of William and Judith, having 
taken Holy Orders, was instituted, 23 November, ]337, b to the rectory of 
St. Margaret Pattens, in the City of London. The Mercurius Rusticus, or the 
Countries Complaint of the Murthcrs, Robberies, Plunder ings, and other 
Outrages committed By the Rebels on His Majesties faithfull Subjects, Printed 
in the Yeare 1618,° states that he was plundered, imprisoned in Ely House, and 
sequestered. In September, 1649, " the house near bourn gate" was surrendered, 
as we have seen, to his brother William, but he appears to have become its 
occupant and, on 20 July, 1651, Thomas, the son of James and Margaret Meggs, 
was baptized at East Barnet.' 1 Mr. Meggs, created D.D. per literas regias, in 
1G61, C resigned, on the 11 May of that year, the benefice of St. Margaret 
Pattens, having, on the preceding 16 February, been instituted to Theydon 
Gernon f in Essex, This preferment, together with the rectory of Newington in 
Surrey, he held until his death in 1673. s The will of Dr. Meggs, to which there 
is a codicil bearing date 17 Jan. 1672-3, a week before his death on Jan. 24, in his 
64th year, 11 was proved by his elder and only surviving brother, William Meggs, 
on the following 27 Feb.* He is described therein as of Theydon Gernon and as 
" being somewhat infirm and crazie, but of good memory." He desires to be 
buried in the chancel of the church of that parish near Margaret, his first wife, 

a The will of his older brother William, dated 2 June 1G75, was pr. P.C.C. 26 Nov. 1678 by William 
Goulston, his nephew, who was afterwards knighted. To Dorothy Bowdler he leaves " my round Hoope 
Ring enamelled Black which I weare in Remembrance of my brother I) r James Meggs deceased." To 
Margaret Meggs, grand-dau. of his brother James, he only leaves £10, in consideration of her large 
portion, and commits her to William Goulston's custody. 

b Newcourt, i. 409. 

c P. 255. 

a Tar. Reg. The name of Meggs is set down at Bourn Gate in the Parliamentary map of Enfield 
Chace, A.l). 1658. 

c Cambridge Lists. 

£ Theydon ad Montem Rectory, Essex. James Meggs A.M. 16 Feb. 1660, per mort. Wright. 
Newcourt, ii. 584. 

s Manning and Bray's Surrey, iii. 453. The date of his appointment is not given, but in his will it 
is stated that he has been rector " these many years. 1 ' 

h Monumental inscription at Theydon Gernon, wliere the death is recorded of Margaret, his first 
wife, 23 Sept. 1665, xt. 56, and of his two younger sons Henry and Thomas, who were likewise buried 
there. In Chester's Westm. Abbey Registers, p. 10, Dr Meggs is said to have died on the 22 Jan. 

1 P.C.C. Book Pye 23. 



132 The Parish of East Bamet. 

and bequeaths to his present wife, Joanna, a £1300, to which he is bound by- 
settlement, with £700 in addition, and his coach and pair of horses. Three sons 
having predeceased him, his sole representative was Margaret, the only child 
of his eldest son, William, whom he constitutes residuary legatee, " provided " — 
both of her parents being dead — " she do not marry without the consent of my 
brother, William Meggs, and Joanna my now wife or survivor." To the poor 
of Newington he gives ten pounds and mentions that he has " formerly sub- 
scribed the sume of ffifty pounds towards the new glasing of White Chajipell 
Church, where I was bred and borne." The rebuilding of this church had been 
undertaken about this time by his brother, when the white rubble chalk chapel of 
earlier times was replaced by Mr. Meggs' church, which has been recently 
removed, and has been described as "a quaint, gabled, and red-tiled building, 
of no particular beauty, and yet thoroughly English in its very homeliness." b 
Margaret Meggs was married at Westminster Abbey, 20 May 1679, to Mr. 
Haestrecht James of Reigate, son of Mr. Roger James of the same, the man*, lie. 
stating that he was of the age of 24 and she of 17. c Of this marriage there were 
eleven children. The estate of Mr. James was administered 19 Nov. 1702. His 
widow remarried a Mr. Norton and was living in Nov. I7l0. a 

The date at which the family ceased to be connected with East Barnet is, as 
far as we know, unrecorded, but there is no trace of their presence subsequent 
to the Restoration. After that event Dr. Meggs was doubtless occupied in 
attending to the interests, spiritual and temporal, of his benefices, and seems to 
have made his home at Theydon Gernon, whilst his brother was to be heard 
of at Whitechapel. The interval of more than a century elapses without any 
further authentic information concerning " the house near bourn gate." Not 
until the year 1763 does it again come under notice with evidences upon which 
we may safely depend. At this date we find it in the tenure of Mr. Robert 

a Their Mar. Lie. is dated 24 Nov. 1GG6. She was the daughter of a Mr. Stow of Canterbury and 
m. first a Mr. Agar. She was in. for the third time, being his third wife, at Westminster Abbey, 7 Aug. 
1673, to Mr. John Upton, a London merchant, second son of John Upton of Lupton co. Devon, esq. who 
was buried at Stoke Newington, 10 Dec. 1689, aged 73. Wcstm. Abbey Registers, p. 10. Mrs. Joanna 
Upton survived her last husband and was bur. at Stoke Newington, at her own request, 4 Oct. 1713, 
being described in her will as of St. Margaret's Westminster. P.C.C. Book Leeds 236. 

b Lond. and Midd. Arch. Trans, v. 515. 

c She was bapt. at Theydon Gernon, 21 Sep. 1662. 

d Westm. Abbey Registers, p. 17. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 133 

Udny, a a London merchant, who formed there, according to Lysons, a valuable 
collection of pictures, afterwards disposed of to the Empress of Russia. In 
1774, as has been already recorded, 15 he acquired a messuage and lands in the 
tenure of Richard Abbott and, in the following year, became the purchaser of 
Monken Frith. Mr. Udny married Miss Mary Hougham, whose sister Anne 
(died 1784) married, 16 May, 1769,° at East Barnet church, Spencer Compton, 
8th earl of Northampton, who died at Berne in Switzerland in April, 1700, being 
his second wife. In the Gentleman' s Magazine of that year, containing the 
notice, Mr. Udny is described as " the late Mr. Udny of Bourngate, Barnet." 
This seems to warrant an inference that the designation of Bohim was first 
adopted by Mr. Baker. 

In the year 1775, perhaps with a view to, or in consequence of, his purchase 
of Monken Erith, Mr. Udny sold his house at Bourn Gate to Jacob Baker esq., d 
the youngest son of Sir William Baker c knt. of Bayfordbury, Herts, by his wife 
Mary, daughter of Jacob Tonson, the celebrated publisher. The following letter 
from the hon. Mrs. Boscawen to Mrs. Delany, written during the Gordon riots, 
and dated Colney Hatch, 10 June, 1780, may be inserted hero. 1 

" Your very kind letter, my dear friend, (kind, indeed, to think of me in the midst of such 
troubles,) did not reach me till last night by being directed to Barnet, w c h is general post, 
whereas our nasty post is the penny. So that the direction is simply to Colny Hatch, 

Middlesex 

This country is full of refugees. Mrs. Chapone is at Mr. Burrows, s and I saw her last night. 
Mr. and Mrs. Cole at Mr. J. Baker's at Enfield Chace Gate, they fled on Wensday night like 
Lot out of Sodom, the fire raining upon their heads. Dr. Munro's family are at Mrs. Smith's 
at Hadley, they fled from a friend's house, w ch Avas between two others that were burning, I 
am not sure where. We saw all this conflagration on Wensday night from our garret windows. 

Judge what we felt not knowing where it was or who were suffering till the next day 

Ever your affectionate faithfull and 

Much obliged SeiV. 

F. Boscawen." 

a Jane, dan. of Robert Udny esq. and Mary his wife, was bapt. at East Barnet, 10 Apr. 1763. 
Par. Reg. There is a likeness of Mr. Udny in the illustrated copy of Lysons at the Guildhall Library. 

b Supra, pp. 86, 87. ■ 

° Collins' Peerage, iii. 263. Gent's. Mag. 1796, i. 356. 

d Lysons, iv. 13. 

c M.P. for Plimpton, Devon. 

f Mrs. Delany's Autobiography, v. 534. 

e The Rev. John Burrows, rector of Monken Hadley. Mrs. Hester Chapone was buried in the 
churchyard of that parish. 

S 



134 The Parish of East JBarnet. 

Mr. Baker died unmarried, 9 June 1802, in bis 55th year, and there is a 
tablet to bis memory in the church. Mr. Underwood records his burial, 
15 June, a and describes him as of Bohun Place, with the eulogistic comment, 
'■' a man free from every vice, of real integrity and great sincerity, much 
respected and regretted." 

Bohun Lodge was purchased, after Mr. Baker's death, by Mr. Christopher 
Nockles, b who sold it to Henry Davidson esq. the owner in 1811, from whom 
it passed to Mr. Aldridge. Prom this purchase the present possessors derive 
their title. Mr. Aldridge's widow continued to occupy the house and, after 
the death, in his minority, of a son by her first husband, married, secondly, her 
kinsman, Mr. George Knott, of London, by whom the gardens and property 
generally were improved at great cost, and who likewise laid the foundation of 
a valuable collection of pictures intended to be illustrative of the work of the 
most distinguished contemporary English painters. Mr. and Mrs. Knott both 
died in 1844, leaving a young family, and for several years the house remained 
untenanted and dismantled. 

Bohun Lodge has since received numerous occupants, of whom it may perhaps 
be sufficient to briefly record the names. About the year 1849 it was taken by 
Mr. George Gosset Hill, of Portland Place, a Russian merchant, who was 
followed by Mr. George Barnes, the well-known wine merchant of Lincoln's 
Inn Fields, and brother of Lieut. Gen. Sir Edward Barnes, G.C.B., who pur- 
chased Beech Hiil Park of Mr. Paris, and died in Piccadilly, 19 March, 
1838, aged 62. d During Mr. Barnes' tenancy, his brother's widow, dame 
Maria Barnes, 6 died at Bohun Lodge 14 August, 1854, aged 56 ; where 

a Par. Reg. Mr. Underwood's notes. 

b Lysons ; Environs of London, ed. of 1811. Mary, dau. of Christopher and Mary Nockles, bapt. 
2 July 1804. Par. Reg. 

c After the decease of Mr. and Mrs. Knott, these picture were sold by the trustees. The fate of one of 
them is worth recording, in evidence of the vicissitudes of prices. Alluding to a recent sale by auction, 
the Times of Tuesday 8 May 1883 notices that "an English landscape, river scene with cattle, finished 
by Sir Edwin Landseer, by Sir A. W. Calcott, R.A., an upright picture about 72 in. by 54 in., with 
arched top, a well-known work of the master, painted in 1842, which was formerly in Mr. Knott's 
collection, and was sold at Christie's for 1,000 guineas, passing into the famous gallery of Mr. Bicknell, 
in which it sold in 1863 for £3,097 10s. 0(7., and was afterwards in Mr. Duncan Fletcher's collection 
at Christie's for £2,000, now brought only £1,470." 

d Sir Edw. Barnes acted as adjutant-general during the Waterloo campaign, and was mentioned with 
commendation in the duke of Wellington's despatch after the battle. At the time of his decease he was 
Col. of the 31st Foot and M.P. for Sudbury. See Gent's Mag., vol. 10. N.S.-p. 214, vol. 42. N.S. p. 410. 

c Eldest dau. of Walter Ramsden Fawkes esq. of Farnley, M.P. for Yorkshire, by Maria, dau. of 
Richard Grimston esq. of Neswick. 



The Parish of Bast Barnet. 135 

lie himself died, 28 January, 1858, at the ripe age of 84. The house was 
afterwards leased for a short period to Mr. Robert Smith, now of Goldings, 
Hertford, high-sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1869, second son of the late Mr. Abel 
Smith, of Woodhall, for many years M.P. for the same county. Mr. Smitli was 
succeeded by Mr. Kennedy, and the latter, in 1861, by Mr. George Hankey, a 
now of Prant in Sussex. The next tenant was Sir William Grey, K.C.S.I., 15 
fourth son, by his first marriage, of the honourable and right reverend Edward 
Grey, D.D., bishop of Hereford, fifth son of Charles, 1st earl Grey, who left to 
succeed Sir John Peter Grant, formerly of Willenhall House, East Barnet, and 
now of Rothiernurchus in Scotland, in the government of Jamaica. His lease 
of Bohun Lodge was taken by Mrs. Mary Ann Gribble, widow of Mr. Thomas 
Gribble, who died there 30 May, 1882. Her youngest son, Lieutenant Henry 
Cholmley Gribble of the 3rd Dragoon Guards, a young man of much promise, 
who volunteered for service in Egypt, and was attached to the 7th Dragoon 
Guards, was killed in the cavalry skirmish at Kassassin, 28 August, 1882, 
his fate remaining uncertain for several days after the action. During Mrs. 
Gribble's tenure of the property it was twice occupied in the autumn months, 
by Musurus Pasha, for nearly thirty years Turkish ambassador at the Court of 
St. James, who retired from the embassy in 1885, and died in his 81th year, 
12 Pebruary, 1891. 



"■ Second son of Thomson Hankcy esq. of Portland Place, whose grandfather, Sir Thomas Hankey knt. 
alderman of London, was 2nd son of Sir Henry Hankey knt. alderman of the same. Mr. George Hankey 
mar. firstly, 16 Aug, 1838, Caroline, dan. of Alexander Donovan esq. of Framfield Place, Sussex, who d. 
at Hastings, 10 Dec. 1878, aged GO. 

Arms, Per pale gu. and az. a wolf salient erminois vulned on the shoulder of the first. Crest. A 
demi-wolf erminois. Burke's Landed Gentry. 

b Born 26 March 1818; m. firstly, 8 July 1845, Margaret Hungerford, dan. of Welhy Jackson 
E.I.C's. civil service and, secondly, 26 Jan. 1865, Georgina Chichele, eld. dau. of J. C. Plowden esq. 
Sir William Grey d. at Torquay, after his return from Jamaica, in May 1878. 

c Mrs. Gribble's brother, Mr. Francis Cook, who already bore the title of viscount Montserrat, in the 
Kingdom of Portugal, a son of the late Mr. William Cook, of Roydon-hall Kent, had a baronetcy con- 
ferred upon him in 1886. 



s 2 



136 The Parish of East Bar net. 



BELMONT, 

FORMERLY 

MOUNT PLEASANT. 

The rising ground to the left of Doggett's Hill, extending in the direction 
of Cockfosters, was probably divided in the olden days into a number of small 
holdings dependent upon the manor. Amongst the tenants are found several 
of the Rolfe family. So numerous were its members, as has been observed 
already, and so widely scattered over this and the adjoining parishes that, 
notwithstanding entries in the registers and extant wills, proved alike in the 
P. C. C. and at St. Albans, it is next to impossible to form any satisfactory 
conclusion in regard to their relationships. The name is of constant recurrence 
upon the Jury of Views of Prank Pledge and the Homage of Courts Baron. 
John Rolfe, by his will proved at St. Albans, 17 March 1514, a left to his son 
Henry " grett stevyn medow w* dayn lane and wodds medow." b Robert Rolfe 
of East Barnet held, in 1533, " iij acres of land lying at Dane biyge." Richard 
B olf e, (1 j ace ns in extremis, surrendered a messuage, etc., late Robert Rolfe's, and 
afterwards William Rolfe's (13 Apr. 7 Edw. 6), and three acres " voc. Mawkyn- 
ffeld iac. in Estbarnett apud le Brook." If the three acres were the same in 
either case, we may be warranted in conjecturing that a bridge over the brook at 
the foot of Doggett's Hill was known at that day by the name of Dane bridge, 
On the 6 Apr., 1 Eliz., A.D. 1559, it was presented that "William Rolfe of Ckase- 
syde, on his deathbed, surrendered a lane called Dane Lane, &c, to the use of his 
son Henry, and at the same Court we have mention of a lane called Dane Lane 
leading to Dane Grove. 6 These names, it is certain, had reference to this quarter 
of the parish. 

The name of one Thomas Dudman, whose will was proved at St. Albans/ 

a Book Walingford 159. 

b 7 Apr. 1640, William Greene esq. surrenders "Woods Mead, Stephens Mead and Dane Lane to 
Sir Robert Berkeley. Court Rolls. 

c Will pr. at St, Albans 30 June 1533. Book Walingford 223. 
d Cur. Rot. Maner, 29 Apr. 3 and 4. Ph. and M. 
e Surrender of Thomas Rolfe, jacens in extremis. 
f Book Walingford 184 b 



The Parish of East Barnet. 137 

23 March 1522, was perpetuated in the title deeds of the village down to 
comparatively late times in the house since known as the Clock House.* Agnes 
Dudman, his only daughter and eventual representative, as we learn from her 
mother's will, 1 ' became the wife of William Rolfe of Chace side, who was the 
father of several sons, between whom his lands were divided. 



TEST. THOME DUDMAN DE ESTBARNETT. 

In the name of God Amen, the yore of o r lord god mldxxij, I Thomas Dudman of the parysli 
of Estbarnett w*in the lifrtic of Saint Albans and in the countie of hertf of good mynde and hole 
memoryc make this my will in man and fo'me folowyng ffirst I bequcthe my soule to almyghty 
god to o r blcssid lady saint Mary and to all the seints in hevyn my body to be buried in the 
churchyard of Estbarnett. Itm I bequcthe to the high awter of Estbarnett iiij' 1 . Itm I bequethc 
to Saint Albons shrync iiij d . Itm I bequcthe to have V masses of the V wounds of o 1 ' lord xx d 
Itm I bequcthe to .Toonc Dudman my wyfe all myhowsys and londs lying in the pish of Estbarnett 
for the ?mc of her lyfe. And after her decesse I will that John Dudman my son shall have it to 
hym and his hcircs. Itm I bequcthe to Agnes Dudman my daughter x 1 ' in mony and catell or in 
houshold stuff to her mariage. Itm I bequcthe to John Wryghte my s"ant a calf of a ycre 
old. Itm I bequcthe to Joone Sawer my s u ant a eowe. Itin I bequcthe to Thomas Sharpe a 
Cootc at my wyffs assigning. Itm I bequethc to John Colman c my s"ant a bullok. The residue 
of all my goods both movable and immovable not bequest I yeve holy to Joone Dudman my 
wyffc whom I make my sole cxecutricc. Witnes hereof S r Robert Robynson Curate of Estbarnett 
and henry Acroyllc w ,h other. Written the vij ,h day of March in the yere abovesaid. 

William Holfe of East Barnet dates his will 16 Sep. 1558, desiring to be 
buried in the churchyard, and gives to the high altar 4d., and to the church 
3s. 4d. It was only a few weeks, we may remember, before the death of Queen 
Mary. To his wife he leaves all his houses and lands for life and, after her deaths 
to his son Harry, "Stevens mede and dane lane," to his son William, " the house 

a Mr. Ealpli Gill was living at Dudmans in 1619. On the 5 Oct. of that year, 17 Jac. the Lords 
of the manor grant to William Johnson and Ralph Gill, esquires, John Ilea and Thomas Kympton 
gents, " quondam parcellam terr. de vasto suo solo p'pe adiacen. domo manconal. dci Radi vocat. 
Dudmans nup' inclus. cu' palis et adiungen. regime via? ducen. de Edmonton ad Cheping Barnett," for 
7 years. William Greene esq. resided at Dudmans in 1632, (infr. p. 177) and his widow, Mrs. Grace 
Greene, is still described as of the same, 23 March 1654. Court Rolls. Their daughter, Mrs. Mary 
Price, in her will dated 28 Jan. 1701-2 speaks of " my messuage called Dudmans." (Infr. p. 143). 

b Infr. account of the Church, p. 172. 

c A name that has survived in the village until recent years. 



138 The Parish of East Bar net. 

at the chasesyde." In the Court Rolls this house seems to he described as " a 
messuage lately built near Sonnesgmve." a The will, which was witnessed by Sir 
Anthony Mason, the curate, and others, was proved at S 1 Albans by his wife, the 
sole executrix, 29 Oct. 1558. b 

It is likely that the property afterwards known as Mount Pleasant, hodie 
Belmont, arose from the union of these and other disjecta membra, in the 
description of which the groves form a noteworthy item. Every little copse 
probably bore this distinguishing title, and we may readily imagine that these 
groves possessed an exceptional value at a time when the current need of fuel 
was perhaps mainly supplied by them. The Manor Rolls towards the close of the 
16th and during the first years of the following century contain many surrenders 
to the use of William Howard esq. son of lord William Howard/ 1 one of the 
sons of Thomas late duke of Norfolk, the earliest dating from about the 35th 
year of Elizabeth's reign. Amongst the rest we meet with a mortgage contracted, 
23 Apr. 10 Jac. a. d. 1G12, as security for the sum of £50, to be repaid to the 
said William Howard ad domuni Mansioual' dci dni Willmi Howard voc. Mount 
Pleasant. This nobleman was no other than the " Belted Will Howard " of the 
Border Marches and 'The Lay of the Last Minstrel,' who, in allusion to the Lion 
Argent, the cognizance of the Howards, is made to boast, upon his appearance 
before Branksome, that none 

" in field or foray slack, 

Saw the blanche lion e'er fall back." c 

The precise period of his first connection with the neighbourhood I have not 

a This must have been near the site of Buckskin Hall. 

b Book Frankilcaster 148. 

c Afterwards Sir William Howard knt. of Brefferton co. York. 

a i" ul son of Thomas 4th duke of Norfolk, executed in 1572, and grandson of the celebrated earl 
of Surrey. He was restored in blood by Act of Parliament in 1603. He m. Elizabeth dau. of Thomas 
and sister and coheiress of George, lord l)acre of Gillesland, and, in her right, held Naworth Castle co. 
Cumb. and Hinderskelle, the site of Castle Howard. Warden of the western marches, he d. in 1640 and 
was succ. by his grandson William, whose eldest son, Charles, was cr. earl of Carlisle 20 Apr. 1661. 
Collins' Peerage, Burke's Peerage. In Robinson's Hist, of Enfield, i. 249, it is stated that lord William 
Howard paid poor rates at Ponder's End from the year 1600 to 1623, and probably occupied Lincoln 
House. 

8 Canto iv. Sir Walter Scott has introduced him into the poem by a poetical anachronism " some 
years before he actually lived. 



The Parish of Bast Barnet. 139 

been able to discover, but we have it on record that there were originally two 
houses on this site, one of which had belonged to Robert Woodroffe and the other 
to a Mr. Lee and afterwards to lord William. These two houses, as we learn, 
had been converted into one capital messuage called Mount Pleasant and, at the 
time of the survey of Enfield Chace in 1636, 1 were held by William Greene gent, 
by free deed dated 22 Apr. 5 Car. Under the date 17 Nov. 39 Eliz. it is stated 
that llobert Woodroffe gent, and Dyonis his wife surrendered to the use of 
William Howard esq. lands called " le room fyld," abutting upon the Chace to 
the east, upon the house of William Colman b to the west, and upon the Queen's 
highway to the south. Interchanges of land seem then to have been common, 
from a like regard perhaps to a rectification of frontiers that has animated 
imperial and royal personages within living memory. 

So early as 39 and 41 Eliz. we hear of Mr. Greene, on the occasion of 
surrenders of land to his use made by Mr. William Howard. In the years 1632 
and 1633, when the chancel was in course of rebuilding, he was residing at 
Dudmans, though his ownership of Mount Pleasant appears, from what has been 
already stated, to have commenced previously. In the latter year it was, at all 
events, tenanted by Mr. Wynn, one of the Auditors of the revenue. During a 
part of the year 1035 it was occupied by the antiquary, herald and genealogist, 
Elias Ashmole, who in his diary records the circumstance. "1635, July 11 I 
came to live at Mount Pleasant, near Barnet, and stayed there the rest of the 
summer."' 1 Erom the inscription upon the stone placed over his remains in the 
chancel, we learn that Mr. Greene resided in the parish for more than thirteen 
years preceding his decease, a date which synchronises very nearly with that 
assigned to the free gift of Mount Pleasant above mentioned. He married 
Grace, daughter of Mr. Ralph Gill,' keeper of the lions at the Tower, and some 
twenty years younger than her husband. Their issue were four daughters, of 

a Surveys of Enfield Chace. Monken Hadley Par. Cbest. 

b Bur. at East Barnet 9 Apr. 1606. Par. Reg. 

c Cur. Rot. Maner. 

a Elias Ashmole's Diary, Lond. A.D. 1717, 12mo. 

c Arms of Gill, granted about 1586 to Ralph Gill, " Keeper of the Queen's lyons at the Tower of 
London." Pour generations of this family, 1. Thomas, 2. Ralph, 3. Robert, and 4. William were lion 
keepers at the Tower, Arg. on a bend sa. 3 mullets pierced of the field, on a canton az. a lion pass, or, 
Crest, a falcon's head, az. winged or. Burke's General Armory. The will of Mr. Ralph Gill, dated 
25 Jan. 1620-1, was pr. P.C.C. on the 3 March following by Thomas Heneage, the brother in law, and 
Robert Gill, the son. Book Dale 20. 



110 



The Parish of East Bar net. 



whom Martha was buried at East Barnet, a 18 Dec. 1640, the three others 
surviving their father. 

Mr. Greene was a benefactor to the parish. Besides his contribution to the 
chancel, he presented the earliest extant register book, into which were transcribed, 
in clear and uniform penmanship, all the entries preserved since the reign of 
Philip and Mary. Of his surviving daughters, Grace became the wife, 25 Sep. 
1649, b of Edward Peck esq. of the Inner Temple, serjeant at law, whilst Mary 
married John Price esq., c and Isabella died unmarried. We find Mr. and Mrs. 
Price at East Barnet during many subsequent years, in the course of which most 
of their children were baptized, and they themselves and some of their family 
buried. Mr. Greene's will, written " with my own hande," is dated 11 July 
1642, and was no doubt executed at East Barnet, as Godfrey Maydwell was one 
of the witnesses. He describes himself as of that place, and records his birth at 
Clifton, in Gloucestershire, to the poor of which parish he bequeaths £3. Rings 
of the value of thirty shillings are given to his brothers, Dr. Christopher Greene, 
D.D.,' 1 James Greene, and Edward Greene, to his brothers in law, Thomas 
Browne and William Parker, to his cousins, Edward Greene, son of his brother 
John, and Edward Browne, son of his brother Thomas Browne, to his loving 
friends, my lady Liddell, 6 late Mr. Thomas Heneage's wife, Mrs. Grace Heneage, 
his wife's grandmother, Mr. Michael Heneage, his wife's uncle, Mr. Robert 
Gill, his wife's brother, and his wife, Mr. Thomas Gill, his wife's youngest 
brother, and to Matthew Wrenn,' bishop of Ely, and Mr. James Bavenscroft, of 

a Par. Reg. 

b Par. Reg. 

c Mr. Price was the owner of landed property in Monmouthshire. 

a Christopher Greene of C.C.C. Oxford, B.A. 1599,M.A. 1603, D.D. 1622, was presented, 30 Oct. 1618, 
by the Bp. of Ely, patron, to the sinecure rectory of Littlebury, co. Essex. He was prebendary of Bristol, 
where he died, 5 March 1658, and was bur. in the Cathedral yard, having the character of a learned 
and godly man. Oxford Lists, Oxford Hist. Soc. Ath. Ox. i. 843. Newcourt, ii. 394. Littlebury. By 
his will, as of the City of Bristol, D.D. dated 17 Dec. 1653, and pr. P.C.C. 11 Apr. 1659, (Book Pell. 
201) he constitutes his nephew, Edward Browne, of Clifford's Inn, gent, sole executor and universal 
legatee. 

e Bridget, dau. of Edward Woodward esq. maid of honour to the Queen of Bohemia, m. Sir Thomas 
Liddell, knt. eldest son of Thomas Liddell, esq. of Ravensworth Castle, (cr. a baronet), who, predeceasing 
his father, left an only son, Thomas, + he 2nd baronet. Burke's Peerage, title Ravensworth. 

f Matthew Wren consecr. bishop of Hereford at Lambeth 8 March 1635, transl. to Norwich 1635, 
transl. to Ely 1638, and d. 24 Apr. 1667, at Ely House, Holborn, xt. 81. His younger bro. Christopher 
succ. him as dean of Windsor in 1635 and was the father of Sir Christopher Wren. Le Neve i. 344, iii. 
375. Biog. Univ. 



The Parish of Bast Barnet. 1 41 

Alconbury Hunts, esq. To his sisters, the wife of Dr. Greene, D.D., Mary 
Chappell, Grace Parker, Thomasin Browne, the widow of his brother Charles, the 
wife of his brother James, and the wife of his brother Edward, he bequeaths 
rings of the same value, to be made up for them by his executrix, " of the garter 
fashion." To his godson, William, son of his brother Edward, he leaves £5. 
All his manors, lands, &c. his interest in the rectory or parsonage a of Littlebury, 
and of Hemingford Grays, Hunts, he devises, if he have no son, to his three 
daughters, Grace, Mary and Isabel, all of whom are under eighteen years of 
age. His wife is appointed sole executrix, and his friends, William Johnson the 
elder, of East Barnet, esq., James Ravenscroft, b esq., Michael Heneage, his 
wife's uncle, of Battersea, co. Surrey, gent., and Edward Greene, his brother, of 
Tottenham, his Majesty's Chief Graver, overseers, the executrix being instructed 
to give to each of the overseers annually, so long as they have to assist her, " a 
Runlet of sacke of a reasonable quantity." A codicil, dated 20 Apr. 1G45, 
shortly before his death, makes a change in the overseers, substituting Mr. 
Robert Gill, his wife's eldest brother, in the place of testator's own brother 
Edward, who had predeceased him, c and Mr. Eenton Parsons, who had married 
Mr. Johnson's eldest daughter, d for that gentleman, who had "removedhis habitacon 

a William Greene, being patron pro liac vice, pres. Henry Tucker M.A. to the Vicarage of Little- 
bury, 21 Apr. 1G29. Newcourt, ii. 394. 

b The founder of Jesus Hospital, at Chipping Barnet. 

c Admin. P.C.C. as of Tottenham High Cross, 23 Jan. 1644-5. 

d Elizabeth, dau. of William and Mary Johnson, was bapt. at E.B. 3 Sept. 1G18. Par. Reg. Mr. 
Fenton Parsons was a son of Sir Laurence Parsons knt. who d. 8 Sep. 1G28, and was the ancestor of 
the earls of Rosse of the 2nd creation. See Burke's Peerage, Eosse. The will of Fenton Parsons of 
Line. Inn esq. dated 4 Sep. "being sicke in bodie" — was pr. P.C.C. 30 Sep. 1652 by Elizabeth Parsons, 
the relict, power being reserved to his bro. -in-law Sir Gerard Lowther. Book Bowyer 179. He 
desires to be bur. under Lincoln's Inn Chapel, and speaks of his son Gerard, and his youngest dau. 
Elizabeth, with other children. Amongst the names of persons, to whom he bequeaths " mourning 
rings of 40 s , with coate of arms engraved on every of them," occur those of his bro. William Johnson esq. 
and his mother Johnson, and he also gives a ring to Lieutenant General Fleetwood " as a testimonie of 
my love and respect unto him." Vide supra, p. 83. Sir Gerard Lowther, lord chancellor of Ireland in 
1654, in. 2ndly Anne dau. of Sir Laurence Parsons, and d. s. p. Burke's Peerage, Lonsdale. William 
Parsons esq. of Parsonstown, alias Birr. King's county, mar. Dorothy, dau. of Sir Thomas Phillips of 
Newton Limavady. In his will, dated 17 Apr. 1650 and pr. P.C.C. 14 Apr. 1653 by his dau. Dorothy, 
Book Brent 330, he alludes to his father Sir Laurence Parsons knt. his elder bro. Richard, who d. s. p. 
and his bro. Fenton. His eldest son Laurence was cr. a bart. and was the ancestor of the present earl 
of Rosse. 



142 The Parish of East Barnet. 

into Lincolnshire." The following entry occurs in the Par. Reg. " "William 
Greene gent., y* gave this Register booke to the parish of East Barnett, died 
June 6, 1645, and was buried June 9 next following in y e chancel of the church 
of this parish." a 

In the Surveys of Enfield Chace we find Edward Pecke, of the Inner Temple, 
serjeant at law and King's serjeant, who married Mr. Greene's eldest daughter, 
set down as his successor at Mount Pleasant, and his name appears on the map 
of the Chace issued during the Commonwealth. I have not met with his will, 
but in that of his son William it is stated that he was in debt to the amount of 
£4,000 at the time of his deceased William Pecke, the eldest son, of Sampford 
Hall, Little Sampford, Essex, purchased by his father, 22 Charles II., married 
Gertrude, daughter and heiress of Sir William Greene c of Mitcham, bart., a 
wealthy brewer in Westminster, by his first wife, Gertrude Weston, and his will 
is dated 24 Nov., 1687- a He wishes to be buried in the church of Little 
Sampford, 6 and refers to an indenture, made 29 Dec. 1671, on the occasion of his 
marriage, by which lands, &c, at Elamstead, East Barnet, Enfield, Great and 
LittJe Sampford were settled to the use of his wife Gertrude for her jointure, of 
which lands he, the testator, was now seized in fee simple in remainder. Mention 
is made of his eldest son and heir apparent, William Peck, and to his two 
daughters, Grace and Gertrude, he bequeaths £5,000 each, when they attain 
their majority. To his brother Edward Peck he gives the rectory of Littlebury, 
derived to him from his grandfather, William Greene, and messuages at Hinks- 

a Will and codicil pr. P.C.C. 18 March. 1645-6 by Grace, the relict. Book Twisse 29. 

b He purchased the manor of Pulters, with the advowson of Hinxworth. Clutterbuck's Herts iii. 
527, Hinxworth. 

24 July, 1675. Mr. Serjeant Peck, bur. at East Barnet. Par. Reg. 

c Sir William Greene, of Mitcham, co. Surr. knt., was cr. a bart. 2 Nov. 1664, and the baronetcy 
expired with him. Burke's Ext. Baronetage. He was the son of John Greene, of Lewes, Sussex, by his 
wife Lettice, dau. of William Brested of East Grinstead, and was twice married. By his 1st wife, 
Gertrude, dau. of Edward Weston of Hackney, merchant, he left an only child, bapt. at St. Margaret's 
Westminster, 31 Aug. 1658, as " Gertrude, daughter of William Greene and Gertrude his wife." Sir 
William Greene, whose 2nd wife remarried John Dowell esq. of Gloucestershire, who adm. to her estate 
in Nov. 1710, made his will 20 Feb. 1667, pr. P.C.C. 7 Dec. 1671 (Book Duke 143) by dame Elizabeth 
the relict. Besides real property, he leaves £4000 to his daughter Gertrude at 17 or marriage. He was 
bur. at Mitcham 12 Oct. 1671. Arms granted 6 Jan. 1663-4 by Sir Edward Bysshe knt. 

d Pr. P.C.C. 4 Aug. 1694 by Gertrude, the relict. Book Box 197. 

e Thomas Ward was presented to the rectory of Little Sampford, Essex, 6 Jan. 1689, by William 
Peck esq. the patron. ISTewcourt, ii. 516. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 143 

worth in Hertfordshire. £50 are given to the poor of the parishes of East 
Barnet, Elamstead, Littlebury, Great and Little Sampford, to be divided 
according to the pleasure of his executrix, and amongst numerous legatees occur 
the children of his aunt Price. There were eight sons and three daughters of his 
marriage with Gertrude Greene, of whom six sons and a daughter died young. a The 
eldest surviving son, William Peck esq. high sheriff of Essex, 1705, who died 
1 May, 1727, married Bridget, daughter of Morgan Randyll, of Chilworth, Surrey 
esq. by whom he had two sons and eight daughters. His eldest son, William, 
high sheriff of Essex 1730, d. s. p. circa 1745, having married Katharine, 
daughter of Thomas Thurston esq., who married, secondly, Thomas Stanton esq. 
M.P., for Ipswich. The will of Mrs. Gertrude Peck (relict of William), dated as 
of London, 4 Dec. 1719, was pr. P.C.C. 21 Eeb. 1720-1, Book Buckingham 33, by 
John Trenchard esq. and Edward Haulsey gent., the nephew, of Staple Inn. 

Mary, another daughter of Mr. Greene, was the wife of John Price esq. 
They were married during the confusions of the Commonwealth, and the baptisms 
of their three eldest children, John, Philip, and Heneage, were inserted in the 
register by Mr. Goodwin after the Restoration. Mr. Price, who had served as 
churchwarden for the year ending with the preceding Easter, dates his will as of 
East Barnet, being "sick in tody," b 3 July 1688, and we learn that he has " a 
mansion house in Wales," where he possesses landed property in Monmouthshire. 
This property is left in trust for its conveyance in possession to John Price, his 
eldest son, so soon as he has paid the sum of £1,500, with interest at 5 per cent., 
as follows, to his brother Heneage Price, £100, to his unmarried sisters, Mary, 
Grace and Isabella, £300 each, and to his mother, Mary Price, £500. Within 
three months after the expiration of their apprenticeship, his sons Ralph and 
Edward are each to have £200. John Price esq. was buried at East Barnet, 7 
July 16S8, and his widow, " Mrs. Mary Price gentlewoman," 6 March 170J. 
Eroni her will, dated 28 Jan. 170^, d we learn that the property known as 
Dudmans had fallen to her portion, and we further learn that, at the time of her 
death, she was in treaty for its sale to Mr. Charles Pickering for the sum of 
£921 10s. Qd. In pursuance of this agreement she devises it to Mr. Pickering, 
subject to the payment of the purchase money, and by a codicil of 26 Eeb., when 
her decease must have been imminent, acknowledges the receipt of £500 on 

a Inscription at Little Sampford. 

b Pr. P.C.C. 19 July 1688 by Mary, the widow. Book Exton 98. 
c Banker and goldsmith in London. Hist, of Monk en Hadley by F. C. Cass, p. 27. 
d Proved P.C.C. 7 March 1701-2. Book Hern 50. 

T 2 



141 The Parish of East Barnet. 

accounts Her " two closes or ffeilds called Homeffields and ffulketts otherwise 
ffogetts ffeilds situate in the parish of East Barnett " are included in the purchase. 
The earliest reference to the latter occurs in the will of William liollfe b sen r of 
East Barnet, dated 12 June, 1470, who devises ffulkots j eld, after the decease of 
his mother, to his younger son John. On the 29 Apr., 3 and 4 P. and M., it 
was presented that Bichard Bollfe, jac. in extremis, surrendered a croft called 
fulkettesfeld &c. to the use of Agnes, his wife, with remainder to the infant in 
the womb of the said Agnes and its heirs, with further remainder to Isabella, 
wife of John Hudson, her heirs and assigns (his mother) upon certain conditions. 
In the year 1758, Mount Pleasant was the property of "William Westbrook 
Richardson esq. unconnected, as far as is known, with the family of the same 
name, which had previously owned Little Grove ami other lands in the neigh- 
bourhood. He was the eldest son of Joseph Bichardson, barrister at law, by 
Elizabeth, second daughter and coheiress of John Minshull, of Portslade, and 
Barbara his wife, daughter and eventual heiress of William Westbrook esq. of 
Eerring, both in Sussex, and was nephew, by marriage, of the Bev. Thomas 
Warton, Professor of Poetry at Oxford. In 1770 he was high sheriff of Sussex, 
and died 23 July 1771, aged 45, having married his first cousin, Barbara Johnson, 
who died 8 April 1771, aged 55. Mr. Underwood in his notes records an 
inscription in the churchyard, written by the Bev. John Bichardson, to the 
memory of John Berry, an old servant of the family, who died in 1773. a 

Here lies old John, who in lieentious days, 

Dar'd to be faithful, and to merit praise ; 
Chearful in duty, obstinately just, 

Stop, Reader, deign to mark this servant's dust. 

a 14 July 1703. Elizabeth, dau. of Mr. Charles Pickering gent, and Elizabeth his wife bapt. at 
East Barnet. Par. Reg. 

h Pr. at St. Albans 22 June 1470. Book Stoneham 12G h . Vide supra, p. 17. 

c The will of Elizabeth Richardson, of Chichester, widow, was pr. P.C.C. 11 Apr. 1752 by William 
Westbrook Richardson, the son, and Barbara Johnson, widow, the sister. Book Bettesworth 103. She 
desires to be bur. at Ferring, near her aunt Mary Westbrook, and mentions her three younger sons, John, 
Lawrence and Thomas, her sister Barbara Johnson, her niece Barbara Johnson, her niece Mary Lice, 
wife of Piggott Lice esq. (to whom she leaves her gold repeating watch given her by her aunt Westbrook, 
she to give it, at her death, to her dau. Catherine Bosworth), and all the children of her said niece Mary 
Ince, by her former or present husband. To the poor of Ferring and Goring she gives £5 to each. 
See Hist, of Monlcen Hadley, p. 174. Pedigree of Ince. 

d Mrs. Elizabeth Richardson, in her will, mentions him as the servant of her sister Mrs. Barbara 
Johnson. Her son, Mr. W. W. Richardson leaves " my old servant John Berry" a legacy of 10 guineas 
and a life-annuity of £10. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



145 



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146 The Parish of East "Bar net. 

Mr. Richardson, elected a Governor of the Barnet Grammar School, 20 Aug. 
1759, made his will, in which he is described as of Mount Pleasant, 17 July 
1771. a He left two sons, William and Joseph, both minors, to the elder of 
whom he devised his landed property in Yorkshire. To his widow he gives, for 
life, his manor of Goring in Sussex and all his other lands in that county, with 
remainder to his elder son. His " mansion house called Mount Pleasant, situate 
in the parish of Enfield," together with his lands in East Barnet, and a piece 
of land upon Enfield Chace, adjoining the said messuage, held under lease 
from the Crown, he devises to his said wife and his brothers John and 
Lawrence, in trust for sale. He was buried in the quiet little village church 
of Eerring, almost within a stone's throw of the old home of the Westbrooks, 
of which a fragment still remains within the park gateway of Goring Hall. 

Inscription upon a tablet on south wall of the nave at Ferring, Sussex : 

m. s. 

of M rs . ELIZABETH RICHARDSON, wid w 
and Edict of JOSEPH RICHARDSON ESQ r , 

late of the Middle Temple London, 
and one of the Daughters and Coheiresses 
of JOHN minshall Esq 1 late of Portsladc, 
in this County, and Barbara his wife, 
who was one of the Daughters and 
coheiresses of will 111 westbrook Esq r . 

late of this Parish. 
She departed this life y e 22 d of March 1752 

Aged 52 years. 

She was an indulgent and tender Parent, 
of exemplary Piety, and as she had lived 
so she died greatly esteemed, 
and lamented by all her Friends. 

Against the western wall of the same Church are the inscriptions : 

Underneath are deposited the Eemains 

of WILLIAM WESTBROOK RICHARDSON Esq r . 

of the Middle Temple London, 
Barrister at Law. 

a Proved P.C.C. 10 Aug. 1771, by Barbara the relict. Book Trevor 355. 






The Parish of East Barnet. 147 

High Sheriff of this County 
In the year of our Lord 1770. 
He died July 23d. 1771, a 
Aged 45 years. 
The Regret of this Gentlemen's Relations 
and Friends is the best Panegyric to his Memory. 

Here also lies interred the Body of 
M 1S . BARBAEA RICHARDSON, 
Relict of WILLIAM WESTBROOK RICHARDSON Esq r . 

Together with Miss Barbara richardson, 
their only Daughter, who died Young. b 

M 1S . BARBARA RICHARDSON 

Died April 8 th 1774, c 
Aged 55 Years. 
To the memory of his ever revered Parents 

WILLIAM RICHARDSON Esq r . 

of Findon in this County, 
their eldest son, erected this Monument. 

Mrs. Richardson appears to have resided at Mount Pleasant until her death, 
when the property passed from the trustees to Sir AYilliani Henry Ashhurst, knt., 
one of the justices of the King's Bench, of a family long seated at Ashhurst/ 
near Wigan in Lancashire, where the judge was born, 25 Jan. 1725. Entering 
at the Inner Temple in 1750, he was knighted in 1770, upon being raised to the 
bench. " He sat in that court," writes Eoss, e " no less than 29 years, preserving 
the character of an impartial administrator of justice and a careful expounder 
of the law, united with a benevolent heart and polished manners. His counten- 
ance was expressive of the kindness and amiability of his disposition, but 
being rather lank was often made a subject for the barristers' jokes. Mr. 
(afterwards lord) Erskine is said to have indited this complimentary couplet 
on him : 

Judge Ashhurst, with his lanthorn jaws, 
Throws light upon our English laws." 

a Bur. as of East Barnet, 4 Aug. 1771. F erring Par. Reg. 

b Miss Barbara Elizabeth Richardson, daughter of William Westbrook Richardson Esq. of Mount 
Pleasant, East Barnet, Herts, was bur. 1 Sep. 1770. Ferring Par. Reg. 

c Mrs. Barbara Richardson of East Barnet, bur. 17 Apr. 1774. Ferring Par. Reg. 
d Vide supra, p. 68. Pedigree of Ashhurst. 
c Judges of England, viii. 234. 



118 The Parish of East Barnet. 

In 1783, and again in 1792, between lord Thurlow's 1st and 2nd Chancellor- 
ship, he was a Commissioner of the Great Seal, "We find him in possession 
of the freehold of Mount Pleasant, 29 Dec. 1777, and on the following 9 Feb. is 
described as Auditor for the South Parts of His Majesty's Duchy of Lancaster, 
an appointment which rather points to an official connection with the 
neighbourhood. 

Sir W. H. Ashhurst sold Mount Pleasant in 1786 to William Pranks, esq. a It 
was purchased by "William Wroughton, esq., when Mr. Pranks removed to 
Beech-hill-park, upon his acquisition of the latter from Mr. Francis Russell, 
4 Aug. 1790. Mr. Russell, then described as of Red Lion Square, was, on 
30 Dec. 1777, His Majesty's Surveyor of the Woods for the South Parts of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, and on 4 Jan. 1779 Deputy Auditor of the same. In 
Jan. .1/81 he was accepted as purchaser of the fee simple of certain Chace 
lands and built the house at Beech Hill, to which was originally given the name 
of Russell Park. b Mr. Franks died at Bristol Wells in July 1797, having 
by his will, dated on the previous 16 Jan., appointed Jane his wife and Mary 
his mother executors, and constituted Samuel Robert Gaussen c of Brookmans, 
son of Peter Gaussen, his wife's brother, devisee in trust for sale, by whom 
the Beech Hill estate was conveyed to Archibald Paris, esq., 12 Apr. 1800. 

Since this period Mount Pleasant has frequently changed owners. Mr. 
Wroughton sold it in 1796 for £8,500, a to John Henry Warre, esq. 6 Mr. Warre 

a Arms. Vert, on a saltire or a torteau. Crest. On the trunk of a tree a hawk ppr. charged on 
the breast with a torteau. Burke's Gen. Armory. William, son of William and Jane Franks, bapt. 
20 Feb. 1788 (East Barnet Par. Reg.) ; afterwards of Woodhill in the parish of Hatfield, and father of 
the late William Franks esq. of that place. Cecilia dau. of William and Jane Franks, bapt. 11 Apr. 
1789. (East Barnet Par. Reg.) She mar. (1813) her first cousin, Samuel Robert Gaussen esq. of 
Brookmans, and secondly, (1831) George Jacob Bosanquet, esq. of Broxbournbury, high sheriff 1833, 
son of Jacob Bosanquet, esq. of the same, high sheriff 1802. Clutterbuck's Herts ; Burke's Landed 
Gentry. 

b There is a small engraving of it under this designation. 

c Son of Peter Gaussen esq. by Anna Maria dau. of Samuel Bosanquet esq. He m. Eliza, dau. of 
Jacob Bosanquet esq. of Broxbournbury, was high sheriff of Herts 1790 and d. 1812. Clutterbuck's 
Herts ; Burke's Landed Gentry. 

d Mr. Underwood's notes. Edward Wroughton esq. was bur. from Belmont, 4 Feb. 1796. 
Par. Reg. 

e Arms. Gu. crusilly fitchee, a lion ramp. arg. Crest, Out of a ducal coronet or a griffin's head 
arg. Burke's Landed Gentry. 



The Parish of East Bar-net. 149 

(born 1750, died 15 June 1801) married in 1786 Brathwaite, daughter of John 
Ashley esq. Their son, John Ashley Warre, of West Cliff House, Ranisgate, 
M.P. for Taunton, born in 1787, was the father of John Henry Warre esq., now 
of West Cliff House. Prom Mrs. Brathwaite Warre, whose name still appears 
in connection with the parish in 1804-5 as contributing to the church restoration 
of those years, Belmont was purchased by John Kingston esq., of Oak Hill, and 
in 1811 a was unoccupied. During his ownership it was probably let to successive 
tenants. Mr. Bailees was living there in 1807, b whilst, in a perambulation of 
Enfield parish, of which the date is not given, but which must have preceded 
Mr. Harvey's purchase, a Mr. J. M. Hacke is named as its inhabitant. In the 
year 1813 it was sold by Mr. Kingston to Thomas Harvey esq., of Portland Place 
and Mintiaghs, Inishowen, co. Donegal, whose father, John Harvey of London- 
derry, claimed descent from William Harvey of Ickworth, ancestor of the Marquis 
of Bristol. Mr. Thomas Harvey, born in 1756, married Maria daughter of John 
Paris esq., of Wansted, Essex, by Rebecca/ daughter of the Rev. Vyner Snell 
of Shenley Hall, Herts. He died at Belmont in Nov. 1819, after which it was 
sold, under his will, in 1821, to a Mr. Goodhart, becoming subsequently the 
property of Mr. Job Raikcs, from whom David Bovan esq. of Eosbury in Wiltshire, 
the London banker, purchased it in 1826. 

The family of Bevan, originally from Swansea in South Wales, where Silvanus 
Bevan married Jane Phillips of that place in 1685, were members of the Society 
of Eriends. Silvanus and Timothy, two of the sons of Silvanus, — there were no 
less than thirteen other children, — came from Swansea to London and obtained 
the premises Nos. 2 and 3 Plough Court, where they established themselves as 
chemists and apothecaries, at least as far back as the year 1736. These 
premises possess a certain historical interest. They were bequeathed by Sir 
Richard Raynton to the Haberdashers' Company, were burned clown in the 
Great Eire of 1666 and, in 1679, leased for 99 years to John Osgood, a quaker. 
Sublet by Osgood to the father of Alexander Pope, the poet was born there in 

a Lysons ed. of 1811. 

b 5 May 1807. Henry Thomas, son of Thomas and Sophia Raikes, bapt. East Barnet Par. Reg. 

c Robinson's Hist, of Enfield, Vol. ii. 

d Burke's Landed Gentry. Arms. Gu. abend dexter arg. charged with three trefoils vert. Crest. 
A lion ppr. holding in his dexter paw a trefoil vert. Motto, Je n'oublierai jamais. Their eldest son, 
John, of Mintiaghs and of the Middle Temple, barrister at law (d. 12 Feb. 1856) m. his cousin Harriet 
Mary, 2nd dau. of Mr. Archibald Paris of Beech-hill-park. 



150 



The Parish of East Bar net. 



1688. a Silvanus Bevan, the younger, married in 1715 Elizabeth Quare, daugh- 
ter of the Court watchmaker, Sarah, duchess of Marlborough, being present 
at the wedding, and signing as a witness. The first wife of his brother 
Timothy was Elizabeth, daughter of David Barclay, by whom he had two 
sons. Silvanus, of Fosbury, near Hungerford (born 1743, died 1830), one 
of the sons, was father of Mr. David Bevan, of the same, the purchaser of 
Belmont." 

After Mr. Bevan's death, 24 Dec. 1816, in his 73rd year, the result of an 
accident, Belmont was occupied during several years by a school for young 
ladies conducted by a Miss Teed, who had removed thither from Kensington, 
but the freehold remained with the Bevan family until a few years later, 
when it passed to Henry Alexander esq., an East India Director, whose sister 
Elizabeth Charlotte, daughter of James Alexander esq., of Somerhill, Kent, was 
the second wife of the distinguished statesman and diplomatist, viscount Stratford 
De Bedcliffe. Mr. Alexander died at Belmont 11 Jan. 1861, aged 73, and was 
buried in the churchyard of Christ Church, Cockfosters. Upon his decease it 
was sold to Charles Addington Hanbury esq., second son of Robert Hanbury esq. d 
of Poles, in Thundridge, Herts, its present owner. Mr. Hanbury had previously 
resided at Willenhall House in the parish. 



BUCKSKIN HALL. 

Buckskin Hall, at Cockfosters, standing on the verge of the Ptoyal Chace, was 
probably, in former times, in the hands of the Holfes, and may have been the 
" messuage lately built near Sonnesgrove," referred to in the will of William 
Bolfe, dated 16 Sep. 1558. e It is not unlikely that, during the earlier years of 
the 17th cent, it was in the occupation of one of the Chace officials, perhaps of 



a Athenamm, 4 Sep. 1869; illustrated London News, 2 Dec. 1872; The Spitalfiehls Genius (William 
Allen) by J. Fayle B.A. 32, 187. 

,; Burke's Landed Gentry. Bevan of Trent Parle and Fosbury. 

c In the parish of Enfield, and erected by R. C. L. Bevan esq. of Trent Park. 

d High Sheriff of Herts, 1854. Arms Quarterly, 1 and 4, Or a bend engr. vert cotised sa. for 
Hanbury ; 2 and 3, Sa. two shin-bones in saltire arg. for Newton. Crest. Out of a mural crown sa. 
a demi-lion or, holding in the dexter paw a battle-axe sa. helved gold. 

e Supra, p. 138. 



The Parish of East B timet. 151 

a keeper, and that to this period may be assigned the fresco still to be seen a upon 
the wall of a room on the first floor, and in which one of the figures in the fore- 
ground bears a suspicious resemblance to James the First. According to the 
Survey of the Chace in 1G36, a Mr. "William Hewitt was residing there at that 
date. It already bore the name of Buckskin Hall, 20 Apr. 1652, when, at a 
View of Frankpledge and Court Baron, held by Thomas Urmston, gent. " the 
Homage did present Edmond Taylor" of East Barnett for taking in and inclosing 
a peece or parcell of the wast of the Manno r neare Buckskyn hall, and they doe 
order him to lay it open againc as it was before the Inclosure thereof upon payne 
of Twenty shillings for every six monethes that the same shall continue 
inclosed." In the Parliamentary map of 1658, and in the later Survey of 1686, 
we find the property belonging to the Peckcs, who derived from Mr. Greene, the 
William Pecke of the latter being his grandson. 

Of the changes in the subsequent ownership I have not been able to learn 
anything authentic, nor who were its successive occupants, but, as to three acres, 
previously part of the Manor and taken from the West Earm property, becoming 
thenceforward inseparable from Buckskin Hall, we learn that, on the 20 Feb. 
1743, they were surrendered by Richard Richardson esq. to Miss Ruth c Trevor, 
one of the daughters of John Morley Trevor esq. under whose will, dated 6 Sep. 
1755, a Arabella Trevor, her sister, was admitted for life, 9 Apr. 1765, with 
remainder in fee to her nephew Trevor Charles Roper, 18th baron Dacre, who, 
upon the death of his aunt, was admitted, 6 Apr. 1790. Dying without f issue, 
his widow, Mary Jane, baroness Dacre, received admission under his will 7 Apr. 
1795. The death of lady Dacre was presented 3 Apr. 1809 and, in 1S11, Buck- 
skin Hall was in the occupation of Sir Wads worth Busk s knt. as tenant, being 
still the property of lady Dacre's representatives. Erancis, 7th baron h Napier, 

a Hist. ofMonh&n Had ley, by F. C. Cajs, p. 8. 

b Edmond Taylor mar. Mary the dau. of Thomas Kimpton and Elizabeth his wife. Will of Thomas 
Kimpton, pr. 14 Nov. 1635. St. Albans Wills, Book Dainty 271. 

c Index to Court Rolls, No. 78, f. 546. See pedigree, supra, p. 64. 

d Pr. r.C.C. 30 June 1764 by Arabella Trevor Spr. the sister. Book Simpson 244. 

e The will of Arabella Trevor, dated 9 July, was pr. P.C.C. 9 Oct. 1739 by Trevor Charles, lord 
Dacre, the nephew. Book Masham 519. 

f Lord Dacre's hatchment was in the chancel of East Barnet Churcb. 

g Lysons, ii. 760, ed. of 1811. 

h lie was a first cousin of the three distinguished brothers, Sir Charles, Sir George, and Sir William 
Napier, the historian of the Peninsular War. 

u2 



152 The Parish of East Barnet. 

was admitted in fee, 3 Jan. 1816, by lady "Dacre's devisees, and the three acres in 
question were afterwards enfranchised." 1 Lord Napier died in August, 1S23, and 
both he and his wife, who died at Buckskin Hall, were buried at Eufield. b Their 
second daughter, the hon. Anne Napier, married in 1816 Sir Thomas Gibson 
Carmichael bar* and her younger sister Caroline became the 2 nd wife, in 1825, of 
Nevile Reid esq. eldest surviving son of Mr. Andrew Reid of Lyonsdown. 
Francis Nevile Reid esq. the eldest son of this marriage, now of Minori, provincia 
di Salerno, in the Kingdom of Italy, married, 2 May 1859, his first cousin, Sophia 
Caroline Carmichael. The following inscriptions to lord and lady Napier are in 
the churchyard of Enfield. 

To the Memory of In this Tomb 

The Right Honourable are also contained the mortal remains 

MAEIA MARGARET LADY NAPIER, of the Right Honourable 

who died FRANCIS LORD NAPIER, 

at Dacre Lodge in this Parish, of Merchistoun North Britain, 

the 29 th December 1821, who departed this life 

in the 65 th year of her age. at Dacre Lodge in this Parish, 

Her Ladyship was the eldest daughter of on the 1 st clay of August 1823, 

Lieut. Genl. Sir John Clavering K.B. aged 65 years. 
by the Lady Diana West, 
and wife of 
Francis, the Seventh Lord Napier. 

For many years subsequently it was the property and summer residence of 
Mr. Charles Franks, of Cumberland Street, Hyde Park, a banker, the younger son 
of Mr. William Franks of Beech-hill -park. It was sold by Mr. Franks in 1864 
and, after an intermediate ownership, purchased, early in the year 1870, by 
Percival Bosanquet esq. son of Mr. Bosanquet of Osidge by his wife Louisa 
Priscilla, daughter of Mr. Bevan of Belmont, from whom it passed, in 1884, 
to Mr. Q,uihampton, the present proprietor. Buckskin Hall which, for many 
years, had been transformed into Dacre Lodge, happily resumed its original 
designation under the auspices of Mr. Bosanquet. 



a Index to Court Rolls. No. 78. f. 546. 
b Robinson's Hist, of Enfield, ii. 86. 
c Now of Ponfield, near Hertford. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



WEST EARM 

NOW 

NORRYSBURY. 



Robert Norris was admitted in fee, 10 Apr. 1683, as heir at law of his father," 
to a messuage and 8 closes at Cockfosters, in the parish of East Barnet, containing 
33 acres. b This was the property described in the Chace Survey of 1G36 C as 
belonging to the heirs of Robert Norris and, in that of 1686, as still belonging 
to the Hobert Norris admitted in 1683, but we can trace the family connection 
with the neighbourhood, through successive Roberts, to an earlier date.' 1 At a 
Special Court of the Manor, 25 July, 20 Jac. A.D. ]622, c it was presented that 
on the fourth day of that month, Robert Norris sen r and Elizabeth his wife had 
surrendered a meadow in East meane &c. to Robert Norris, son and heir of the 
said Robert, and Anne Shakemaple, to whom he was about to be married. 
Robert Norris, the elder, made his will as of Enfield Chace, 29 Jan. 1624-5/ and 
desires to be buried in the church of Enfield. He mentions, with other relatives, 
his son Robert and his daughter Susan Norris, but there is no allusion to his 
wife, who had probably predeceased him. Licence was granted a few years 
later to the younger Robert Norris, at a view of frank pledge, 22 Apr. 1628, to 
let 25 acres called Cockfosters, then in the tenure of Thomas Ketterich gent. 8 
Robert Norris was admitted the same day to a close of 6 acres, called Yorkes, 

a 27 Apr. 1682, Admin granted P.C.C. of the goods of Robert Norris of St. Paul's Covent Garden, 
to Mary, the relict. 

b Index to Court Rolls, No. 77. f. 540. 

c Vide supra, p. 8. 

d The will of Margaret Rowfe, of East Barnet, pr. at St. Allan's, 4 Feb. 1558-9, was witnessed by- 
Robert Noresse, whilst William Rolfe, of the same, in his will, dated 19 July 1587, devises lands to his 
son abutting upon " Robert Norrysses grounde." 

e Cur. Rot. Maner. 

f Pr. P.C.C. 9 May 1625 by Robert the son. Book Clarke 45. 

g Probably the son of Richard Keterich of South Minims. Hist, of South Mimms by F. C. Cass, 
65, 66. 



151 The Parish of East Bar net. 

abutting on the King's highway at Doggett's hill, and on 25 Apr. 1633 it was 
presented that Robert Norris had lately died and that Robert his son and heir 
was 8 years old, who was admitted at this Court and committed to the guar- 
dianship of Anne his mother. The will of the younger Robert Norris, of the 
parish of Enfield, gent, was dated 12 Aug. 1631, a when " in good health." 
Requests are made to his wife and four children, Robert, Edward, Ann and 
Elizabeth, with a special concern for Ann, and he appoints his sister Susan 
Norris executrix, should his widow remarry. By a codicil of 10 Apr. 1632, 
" being very sicke," a provision is added for a child yet unborn. It was the 
grandson of this testator who was admited in 16S3, and who, 29 March 1690, 
with Abigail his wife, b surrendered the messuage and 33 acres, now known as 
"West Earnij in fee to John Richardson esq. of Little Grove, who was admitted 
to the same 1 July 1691. 

Mr. Richardson having surrendered to the uses of his will, his death was 
presented 10 Apr. 1691. Together with Little Grove, he devised to his wife for 
life certain copyhold lands in the neigbourhood, lately purchased of Robert 
Norris and Abigail his wife, c and on 12 Dec. 1691 Elizabeth Richardson, the 
uidow, was admitted to her life interest. On the 23 Apr. 1717 proclamation was 
made for the heirs of John Richardson, and Richard Richardson, an infant, was 
admitted in fee-tail as son and heir of serjeant Richard Richardson, John 
Richardson, esq. his uncle, being appointed his guardian. John Sharpe esq. of 
Little Grove, was admitted in fee, 12 Apr. 1718, three acres of the property 
having been previously surrendered, as mentioned above, in speaking of Buckskin 
Hall, to Miss Ruth Trevor. Mr. Sharpe surrendered to George Armstrong 29 
March 1719, and in Nov. 1752 Warneford Armstrong, having been admitted in 
fee upon the death of his brother George, surrendered to Temple West esq. d 
Temple "West, the younger, received admission in fee in March 1758, on the 
death of his father, Erances West, his mother, being appointed his guardian. 



11 Pr. P.C.C. 28 Apr. 1632, by Anne the relict. Book Audley 44. Mrs. Anne Norris, from 
Barnet, was bur. at Enfield 14 Apr. 1640. Par, Beg. Her will, as "of Cheping Barnett," dated 
13 Mch. 1639-40, was pr. P. C. C. 30 Apr. Book Coventry 49. She mentions Susan, her posthumous 
daughter. 

b Vide supra, p. 105. 

Vide supra, p. 105. 

a Hist, of Monken Hadley, p. 36, and supra, p. 117, note f. 



The Parish of East Bamet. 155 

The death of the last named Temple West was presented 24 March 1800, when 
Temple West his grandson and heir was admitted. On the 8 Apr. 1806 Chris- 
topher Idle was admitted in fee, upon the surrender of Temple West, and on the 
24 March 1818 surrendered to George Idle, who was admitted in fee. Lysons 
states that the property, in 1811, belonged to Christopher Idle esq. having been 
for many years the residence of Sir William Dolben bar 1 . Sir William Dolben, a 
3 rd bar', was M.P. for Oxford for more than thirty years, and died 20 March 
1814, b at Bury, aged 88. By his 1 st wife, Judith, who died in 1771, daughter and 
sole heir of Somerset English esq. he left a successor, Sir John English Dolben, 
the 4 th bart, at whose death, 27 Sep. 1837, the baronetcy expired, his only son 
having predeceased him without leaving male issue. 

Robert Cooper Lee Bevan esq. late of Trent Park, Enfield Chace, was 
admitted in fee to West Earm, 4 Dec. 1824, since which date it has continued 
to be his property and has been occupied by numerous tenants. The present is 
George Eorbes Malcomson esq. by whom the name of West Earm has been 
altered to Norrysbury. Mr. Bevan, the eldest son of David Bevan esq , 
of Belmont, by Eavell-Bourke, daughter of Robert Cooper Lee esq., of Bedford 
Square, born 8 Eeb. 1809, educated at Harrow and Trinity College Oxford, J. P., 
married, firstly, in 1836, the lady Agneta Elizabeth Yorke, only daughter of 
vice-admiral the hon. Sir Joseph Sydney Yorke, K.C B., and sister of Charles 
Philip, 4th earl of Hardwicke, who died 8 July 1851, and secondly, in 1856, 
Emma Erances Shuttleworth, of Wykeham Rise, Totteridge, eldest daughter 
of the late Philip Shuttleworth D.D., warden of New College Oxford and 
afterwards bishop of Chichester. Mr. Bevan died at Trent Park on Tuesday 
22 July 1890. The gross value of his personal estate was sworn at the 
enormous sum of £953,175 Vis. lid. He came forward on one occasion 
as a candidate for the representation of the City of London, but failed to 
secure an election and never afterwards sought to enter Parliament. During 

a Gilbert Dolben, justice of the Common Pleas in Ireland, son of John Dolben, archbishop of York, 
by Mary, niece of archbishop Sheldon, was cr. a bart. 1 Apr. 1704. The family claim to be descended and 
to derive their name from D'Albini, earl of Sussex, temp. Henry II. Burke's Ext. Baronetage. 

b See Gent's Mag. 1814, i. 417. 

c Arms confirmed to R. C. L. Bevan esq. of Fosbury House and Trent Park : Erm. a bull pass, 
betw. three annulets gu. Quartering Az. three bars engr. or, a beud lozengy arg. and gu. for Lee. Crest. 
A griffin pass, or, seme of annulets gu. holding in dexter claw two annulets interlaced, also gu. Motto. 
Deus presidium. Burke's General Armory; Burke's Landed Gentry. 



156 The Parish of East Barnet. 

sixty-one years he was a partner in the hanking house of Messrs. Barclay 

and Co. in Lombard Street, whilst, as a public man, he chiefly identified 

himself with the interests of Religious Societies of the more exclusively Evan- 
gelical School. 



BELLE VUE NOW WILLENHALL HOUSE. 

At the junction of Pricklers hill with the high road John Benedic Durade 
built a small house, in the year 1782, on an elevated piece of ground granted to 
him for life by his relative General Prevost, and not inappropriately called it 
Belle Vue. It was provided that, upon the decease of Mr. Durade, the premises 
should revert to the proprietor of Greenhill Grove, the ancient Pricklers, then 
the residence of the General. In 1797 they were in the hands of Mr. Dawes, an 
apothecary in Newman St., who in the previous year had purchased Mr. Durade's 
interest, 51 and in 1811 a Mr. Boulton occupied them, being the property of 
Andrew Beid esq., of Lyons down, b previously of Greenhill Grove. xibout 
the year 1820 the house was bought by Mr. Thomas Wyatt, an East India 
merchant, who pulled down the original cottage and erected the present mansion 
on its site, expending upon the alterations considerably over £20,000,° and 
changing its designation to Willenhall House, after Willenhall in Warwickshire, 
of which place he was a native and where he had property. Mr. Wyatt. who 
likewise owned a farm a upon the left hand in ascending Doggett's hill, previously 
belonging to Mr. Bacon, died in Hanover Square 6 April 1834, aged 51, and was 
buried in a vault in East Barnet churchyard. Willenhall House, left to his wife 
Mrs. Elizabeth Wyatt for life, but which she never occupied during her widow- 
hood, was tenanted for the ensuing fourteen years by Mr. Adolph Leopold Pfeil, 
a London ironmonger, who succeeded the Baronneau family at New Lodge, — 
since demolished and the site included within WrothamPark, — and afterwards by 

a Mr. Underwood's notes on Lysons. 

b Mr. Reid purchased Greenhill Grove in 1790, and sold it to Mi. Nicholl in 1810. Lysons ii. 7G0, 
ed. of 1811. Since Mr. Block's purchase in 1841 from Mr. Nicholl's representatives it has been known 
a? Greenhill. 

c From the information of Sir William Henry Wyatt, knt. eldest surviving son of Mr. Wyatt. 

d Sold, in 1865, to a building society and become a ruin in 1891. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 157 

Mr. Harris, Mr. C. A. Hanbury, and Mr. Morris successively. Mrs. Wyatt died 
at Hayward's Heath, Sussex (12 May 1867), where her youngest son, the Rev. 
Robert Edward Wyatt, of Exeter College, Oxford, for 35 years vicar of St. 
Wilfrid's, died 26 Feb. 1891, aged 61, but Willenhall House had been sold in 
1862 to a Mr. Simpson, from whom it passed by purchase a few years later to 
Sir John Peter Grant, 11 K.C.B., G.C.M.G., Lieut. Gov. of Bengal 1859-1862, an 
able Indian administrator, the 2nd son of Sir John Peter Grant, of Rothiemurchus 
in Scotland. Sir J. P. Grant, who had become one of the Governors of Queen 
Elizabeth's School at Chipping Barnet, resigned that office upon his nomination to 
the Government of Jamaica, in 1866, an appointment which he held until 1873. 
At the death of his elder brother Sir J. P. Grant succeeded to the family estates 
and disposed of the Willenhall property, which he had previously enlarged by the 
acquisition from Mr. Block, of Greenhill, of 10 acres of copyhold land, afterwards 
enfranchised by him, abutting on Prickler's hill to the left of the ascent, and 
anciently known as the Millfields, upon which it is possible that a windmill 
formerly stood, though there is no mention of one subsequent to 1694. It 
appears from the Court Rolls b that on the 17 Apr. 1655, John Bulwer and Jane 
his wife, who had been admitted in 1648, surrendered to John Wayne two closes 
of meadow in East Barnet called Millfields and containing 8 acres. 14 Apr. 
1696, Richard Gough was admitted in fee. 15 Apr. 1718, John Gough was 
admited as son and heir of Richard deceased. 16 Apr. 1723, Mary, wife of 
William Cooper and widow of John Gough, was admitted for life and surrendered 
to the uses of her will. 8 July 1740, John Gough, eldest son of John and Mary, 
was admitted in fee-tail and, at the same Court, John Gough and Ann his wife 
surrendered and Marsh Woolfe esq. of Pricklers, was admitted. 

Prom Sir J. P. Grant, the freehold of Willenhall House passed to Mr. T. G. 
Waterhouse, who died at Leamington, after a short illness, 6 Oct. 1885, aged 75, 
but the property had been previously sold by him to Mr. William Alpheus Higgs, 
a tea merchant who, having served the offi.ce of Sheriff of London and Middlesex 
two years previously, died suddenly in London at the age of 55, on Monday, 
23 Dec. 1889. 



8 Burke's Landed Gentry, Grant of Rothiemurchus. 

b Index to Court Rolls, No. 34, f. 253. 

c A carpenter named Gough was living at the foot of Prickler's hill within the author's memory. 



158 The Parish of East Bar-net. 



LYONSDOWN. 

Though the mansion of Lyonsdown was situated, strictly speaking, within 
Chipping Barnet, it may not perhaps be unsuitable to introduce a notice of it 
into the present work, since a portion of the estate extended almost as far as the 
village of East Barnet and was included in the latter parish. It was sold in its 
entirety to the Great Northern Railway Company in 1849, in consequence of an 
infraction of the understanding under which its then proprietor had consented to 
withdraw from a threatened opposition to the construction of the line. Eor one, 
whose recollection goes back to the time when it formed an undivided property, 
it is difficult to realize the change from pleasant meadows and a generally rural 
character to the straggling region of multifarious places of worship, detached and 
semi-detached villas, competing coal merchants and tradesmen's shops, which 
constitutes the existing New Barnet. 

Since the railway was opened, a town has gradually gathered, and spread, and 
covered the pastures stretching from East Barnet to the foot of Barnet hill. The 
house of Lyonsdown, removed in 1862, occupied a site not far from the present 
Holy Trinity church, and its entrance lodge stood about midway in the road, then 
a private lane, leading thither from the top of Prickler's hill, 

The earliest mention of the name that I have met with occurs in an agree- 
ment made in the first year of Queen Mary's reign, between the inhabitants 
of East and Chipping Barnet for the purpose of determining the parishes to 
which Pretylls fields (Pricklers) and Lyondownes respectively belonged. It was 
transcribed from a book, styled the book of 1633, to which reference will be made 
hereafter, by the hand of Sir Robert Berkeley, who has set down in the margin, 
" this was written out of a loose pap w c h was in the pap booke supr. ex p 
Ro: Barkeley." 

This concord and end made betweene the Inhabitants of — Townshipps for Chepinge 
Barnett and East Barnett in the countie of Hertford the xiij th day of November in the first yeare 
of the raigne of our most gratious and soveraigne queene Mary as followeth, ffirst tiiat 
the Inhabitants of East Barnett shall have alwayes for ever to come all ffields called Pretylls 
ilields or grounds lyinge w'hin the parish of East Barnett aforesaid, for all taxes to be leavyed 
accordinge unto that portion And that the Inhabitants of Chepinge Barnett shall have alway 
for ever to come all other fields and grounds called Turris the Lyon downes for the foresaid 
taxes w'h other as hath been before tyme soe leavyed which Turris fields Lyon downes and the 



The 'Parish of East Barnet. 159 

reasidue is sett and lyinge within the parish of Chepinge Barnett aforesaid. The w c h end was 
thus agreed and made by Sen 1 Staunfford a William Bellamy 15 John Marsh Henry "Neele 
John Berry Willm Laurence and Thomas Nele for the township of Chepinge Barnett and for 
East Barnett William Rolfe and all other the Inhabitants of East Barnett for the other ptyes 
agreed unto this Concord and putt to their hands by their markes, yeouen the day and 
yeare abovesaid. 

On the 19 Apr. 2 Jac. c (1604) some lands and a wood called the Downes, 
lying to the north of Prittles, alias Pricklers, were in the tenure of John Dymelby 
and were most probably the lands in question. Matthew Thwaites, of London, 
gent, and Jane his wife surrendered, 19 Apr. 8 Jac. (1610), a close or grove 
called Lionsdownes, containing 9 acres, and other lands near Lionsdownes, in 
their occupation, and obtained a fresh grant. In the following year, and again ten 
years later, 25 Apr. 18 Jac. (1620), licence was given to the same to let Lyons- 
downes and, on the 10 Apr. 1634 we meet with a reference to Dorothy the 
daughter of Mr. Thwaites and now wife of George Gale. ci Matthew Thwaites 
and Bichard, his son and heir, e surrender, 8 March 165|, a capital messuage &c. 
and fields called Lyons downe to Matthew for life, with remainder to Richard 
for life, with remainder to Hester, wife of the said Richard, for life, with re- 
mainder to Richard's heirs for ever. At a Court held 17 Apr. 1655 it was stated 
that, on the 14 of that month, Richard Thwaites and Hester his wife had 
surrendered a close called Lyonsdowne to Robert Peniston, f of Kingston upon 

a Afterwards Sir William Staunford, one of the judges of the Common Pleas, knighted " by King- 
Philip in his chambre upon Sunday the xxvij th of January in an. 1554." Machyn's Diary. He died 
28 Aug. 1558, and was buried with great ceremony at Monken Hadley on Sep. 1. Hist, of Monhen 
Hadley, 48, et seq. 

b Of Harrow, Monken Hadley, etc., tbe fatber of Jerome Bellamy, exec, at Tyburn, 21 Sep. 1586, 
for complicity witb Babington's conspiracy. His will was pr. P.C.C. 23 May, 15G6. Hist, of 
Monken Hadley, 134. 

c Cur. Rot. Maner. Vide supra, p. 24, note b. 

(1 George Gale and Dorothy Tbawts were m. at East Barnet, 30 July 1633. Par. Reg. 

c Mrs. Jane Tbwaits was bur. at East Barnet, 26 Nov. 1650. Par. Reg. 

f Jane Penniston bur. 12 Aug. 1687 ; Mr. Robert Penniston bur. 24 Nov. 1687. Par. Reg. Mr. 
Penniston was elected a Governor of tbe Grammar Scbool, 24 Dec. 1660. He was nominated by Mr. 
James Ravenscroft, 28 Apr. 1679, one of tbe original trustees of bis endowment for tbe sustentation of 
his father's monument in Barnet church. In his will, dated 21 Nov, 1687, when " sick in body," Robert 
Pennyston senr. of St Andrew Holborn, gent, mentions his dau. Elizabeth, his sons Anthony and William, 
" both of whom are beyond the seas," and his son Robert, whom he constitutes residuary legatee and sole 
executor. Pr. P.C.C. 23 Feb. 1687-8. Book Exton 20. Mr. Anthony Penniston, gentleman, was bur. 
at E. B. 31 Oct. 1699. Par. Reg. 

x 2 



160 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Thames, merchant, and Jane his wife, for life, with remainder to Peniston's 
right heirs. Prom the same source a we learn that Robert Prampton was 
admitted in fee, 11 Apr. 1699, to a close in East Barnett called " Sherbourn 
field, containing 8 acres, and one other close of 3 acres and a half, being the 
lower part of Long field," and forming a portion of the Lyonsdown estate. 
Sarah, wife of Thomas Gill, was admitted in fee, 26 July 1716, as daughter and 
heir of Robert Prampton esq. b deceased and, on 15 Apr. 1718, Sir Peter Meyer 
knt. of Pointer's Grove, Totteridge, was admitted in fee. The Meyer family 
were originally from the duchy of Holstein, Sir Peter's grandfather, another 
Peter Meyer, being of Holstein and his father, Jacob Meyer, of Hamburg. 
Sir Peter, a merchant in Austin Priars, was knighted c 9 Oct. 1714. He died 
9 Jan. 1728 and was buried at Totteridge. His monument is in the churchyard 
of that parish, to the north of the church. 

MEMOKE^ SACRUM D. PETRI MEYER, EQUITIS ; OBIIT IX DIE 
JANUARII ANNO SALUTIS MDCCXXVIII, ^TATIS LXIII. 

At the north end are these arms a savage with a club upon his 

shoulder (Meyer); impaling a bear sitting under a tree holding 

a palm branch in his paws ppr. (Berenberg). d 

In his will, dated 28 Dec. I727, e when " much indisposed in body," he devises, 
after the decease of his wife, all his freehold estate, save and except his farm 
called Lyonsdown "which said excepted ffarme consisteth of a new ffarme 
House Barns Stables Outhouses and Lands now in the occupation of James 
Tindall and scituate lying and being in the severall parishes of Chipping Barnett 
and East Barnett or one of them," to his sons Peter, Paul and Rudolph Meyer f 
and the heirs of the body of each in succession, with remainder to his two 
daughters Elizabeth Amsincke and Sarah Heeger, as joint tenants. As touching 
the excepted farm, he gives the same, after the death of his wife, to his son 

a Index to Court Bolls, No. 29, f. 205. 

b 13 Sep. 1715. Admin, of Robert Frampton, late of Edmonton, widower, who d. in the parish of 
St. Andrew's, Holborn, granted to Sarah Gill, wife of Thomas Gill esq. the daughter. 

c His arms were registered in 1716. 

a Clutterbuck's'J/trfs, ii. 456. 

c Pr. P.C.C. 17 Jan. 1727-8 by Peter Meyer esq. and Rudolph Meyer the sons. Book Brook 18. 

f His will, as of Gold Square, near Crutched Fryars, London, merchant, dated 8 Feb. 1752, was 
pr. P.O C. 6 Oct. 1752 by his bro. Peter Meyer. Book Bettesworth 254. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 161 

Peter and his heirs, during the life of his loving son Paul, upon trust that the 
said Paul and his assigns shall he suffered to receive the rents to his and their 
own use, during Paul's life, subject to the payment of the annuity of forty 
pounds payable to Mary Morton during her life and also of the annuity of 
ten pounds payable to the daughter of the said Mary Morton, during her life, 
to commence at the death of the said Mary Morton, which the said premises 
are chargeable with. In the event of Paul's death, without leaving issue, the 
farm is to be subject to the same limitations as the other freeholds, but power is 
reserved to Paul, with the consent of the executors of Mr. John Janssen, to make 
a settlement of the farm upon any wife he may take. There is a further legacy 
of £2,000 to Paul, within three years after the testator's decease, out of the pro- 
perty bequeathed to his son Peter. Amongst the bequests contained in the will 
of dame Sarah Anna Meyer, his widow, dated 26 March 1728, and proved P. C. C. 
23 Jan. 1732-3 a by Peter Meyer, the son, is that of " the picture of Sir Peter, set 
round with diamonds," which she leaves to her son Peter in trust for her 
daughter Elizabeth Amsincke. Peter Meyer Esq. as the eldest son and heir, 
was admitted in fee, 31 Aug. 1730, and by his will, dated 7 May 1746, b with 
codicils of the month of Aug. 1756, in which he is described, like his father, as of 
Austin Eriars, merchant, leaves "to my dear and affectionate wife, Sarah Meyer, 
and her heirs, all that my freehold messuage, farm, and lands called Lyon Down 
in the parishes of Chipping Barnet and East Barnet, let by me at the yearly rent 
of £135," in trust for sale. His death was presented at a Court held 24 Eeb. 
1757, as well as his marriage articles, dated 13 Oct. 1730,° under which Sarah his 
widow was admitted for life, who then and there surrendered to her son Peter 
and the heirs of his body. Erancis Creuze was admitted 31 Oct. I781, d and 
Andrew Reid, 10 Apr. 1792. 

Mr. Andrew Reid, of Liquorpond Street London, brewer, part of whose early 
life was spent in India, was the eldest son of John Reid of Tain in Rosshire, by 
his marriage with Mary, daughter of Andrew Ross. Having acquired Pricklers, 
alias Greenhill Grove, from Mr. Pybus in l790, e he sold it to Mr. Richard 

a Book Price 17. 

b Pr. P.C.C. 23 Sep. 175G. Book Glazier 225. 

c He m. Sarali Curryer spr. dau. of John Curryer. 

d Thomas Bone of East Barnet, yeoman, in his will, 8 March 1785, describes his son John as of " the 
place called or known by the name of Lyonsden, farmer." P.C.C. Book Calvert 525. 

e Pybus (Greenhill Grove, near Barnet, co. Herts. ; granted 1768) Arg. on a chev. gu. three cinna- 
mon leaves of the field, in chief two cinnamon trees eradicated vert, in base a negro girt round the waist 



162 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Nicholl, in 1810, and removed the saine year to Lyonsdown. He was twice 
married: — firstly at Einchley, 5 Aug. 1782, to Harriot, daughter and co-heiress of 
Thomas Gildart, a of that place, by whom he had four sons and five daughters, 
(of whom Nevile, 3rd, but eldest surviving son, born 4 Apr. 1789, married 1st 
Eliza Maria Boddam, who died in 1821, and, 2nd, in 1825, the hon. Caroline 
Napier, b ) and, secondly, to his kinswoman, Jannet McNeil, by whom he had five 
sons. Mr. Reid, who served the office of high- sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1815, 
died at an advanced age, 20 Apr. 1841, at Lyonsdown. His hatchment was 
formerly in the south aisle of the church of Chipping Barnet; Arg. an eagle displ. 
sa. on the breast an escutcheon of the first charged with a border engr. gu. for 
Heid, between the impalements of Gildart and McNeil. Crest, a cubit arm 
issuing out of the clouds, holding the Holy Bible open at Job. xix. all ppr, c 
leaved or. He was succeeded at Lyonsdown by William, the eldest son of his 
second marriage, subsequently of the Node, Welwyn, and high-sheriff of Hert- 
fordshire in 1857, who disposed of the estate to Mr. John Cattley, a Russia 
merchant, by whom it was sold, as already mentioned, to the Great Northern 
Railway Company, and by them enfranchised in 1849. Mr. Cattley afterwards 
became the owner of Shabden park, near Merstham in Surrey, now the residence 
of John Garrett Cattley esq. his only son. 



EVERLEY LODGE. 



Lysons, in the later edition of 1811, states that this house was at that time 
the property and residence of Giffin "Wilson esq. M. P., having been lately 
built by him. In a list, however, of the contributors to the repairs of the 
church in 1804-5, Mr. Underwood in his notes gives the name of Captain Phibbs 
as of Everley Lodge, and the register records the birth and baptism of William 

with blue and white striped linen, carrying with a yoke of bamboo cane two bundles of cinnamon all ppr. 
Crest. Au elephant carrying in his trunk some sugar canes all ppr. Burke's General Armory. 

a Gildart (Liverpool ; granted 20 Dec. 1759) Vert, a lion ramp, reguard. crowned or, betw. three 
arrows of the last. Crest. A demi lion ramp, reguard. or, crowned gold, holding in the dexter paw an oak 
!i ppr. Burke's General Armory. 

b Vide supra, p. 152. 

c See Burke's Gen. Armory. Reid of London and Lyonsdown co. Hertford. 



The Parish of East JBarnet. 163 

Henry, son of William Henry and Jane Phibbs, in June 1803, and the burial, 
14 March 1807, of Robert Phibbs, a child. It is a house which has under- 
gone many changes of occupancy and which, from what might have been 
fairly described as originally a cottage orn£, has developed by successive 
enlargements, to meet the requirements of large families, into a shapeless 
barrack. It was occupied for a time, about the year 1821, by Mr. Thomas 
Nash Kemble, afterwards of Gobions in the parish of North Mimms, who 
was high-sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1825 and who died 20 Apr. 1833, aged 
42. A few years later, 25 May 1825, Henry John Pye esq. of Clifton Hall, 
co. Stafford, married Mary Anne, third daughter of William Walker esq. of Everley 
Lodge. a In 1834, and for some years afterwards, it was tenanted by Mr. Charles 
Richardson, a solicitor, whose town residence was in Bruton Street, Berkeley 
Square. Mr. Robert Lawson, whose memorial is in the churchyard, resided 
there subsequently, and was succeeded by a Mr. Williams, who has to be 
credited with a large portion of the additions. More recently, it was the 
property, during several years, of Mr. Robert Stanley Mansel, the younger 
brother of Dr. Henry Longuevillc Mansel, b the able and accomplished dean 
of St. Paul's, sons of Henry Longueville Mansel, rector of Cosgrove, 
Northamptonshire, by Maria Margaret, daughter of Yice-Adm. Sir Robert 
Moorsom, K.C.B. and grandsons of Major Gen. John Mansel of Cosgrove 
Hall. 



THE CLOCK HOUSE 



FORMERLY 

DUDMANS. 

This appears to have been the house which anciently bore the name of 
Dudmans, already alluded to in the preceding pages. d Towards the close of 
the last century his will shows it to have belonged to Mr. Thomas Plukenett, 
who devised it to his elder daughter Mrs. Nickson. It subsequently became 

a Burke's Landed Gentry. Pye of Clifton Hall. 
b Dean Burgon's Lives of Twelve Good Men. 

c Burke's Landed Gentry. Arms. Arg. three maunches sa. Crest. On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. 
a falcon rising ppr. 

11 Supra, pp. 137 note, 139. 



164 The Parish of East Barnet. 

the property of the Fawells, Mrs. Fawell being his younger daughter. By 
indenture, dated 25 March 1821, Joseph Henry Fawell of the New Road, 
St. Albans, gent, demises for the term of 21 years, at a yearly rent of £132. 10s. 
" all that Capital messuage or tenement heretofore called or known by the name 
of ' Dudmans,' and now by the name of ' The Clock House,' " to Septimus 
Schollick of the Clock House, East Barnet, schoolmaster, the said messuage 
having been lately a delivered up by the said Schollick to the said Fawell 
together with two fields called Home Fields and a close called Fulketts, otherwise 
Foggets Field, adjoining, the three fields being in all 17 acres. 

Mr. Ralph Gill, the keeper of the lions in the Tower, was living at Dudmans, 
as we have seen, in 1619, and his son in law, Mr. Greene, in 1632. Mrs. Grace 
Greene is described as of the same, 28 March 1654, and probably resided there 
until her death in 1685. After that event, it appears to have descended to her 
second daughter, Mrs. Mary Price, who, in her will, dated 28 Jan. 1701-2, speaks 
of " my messuage called Dudmans," which she had then contracted to sell to Mr. 
Charles Pickering, together with her " two closes or ffeilds called Homeffields 
and fulketts otherwise ffogett's ffeilds," being the exact property now in 
question. 13 



THE PARISH CHURCH OP S T MARY THE VIRGIN. 

The ancient ecclesiastical relations subsisting between the parishes of East 
and Chipping Barnet have been much in controversy. Of the antiquity of East 
Barnet church there can be no doubt, but it has been sometimes questioned 
whether there were any church at Chipping Barnet before the beginning of the 
15 th century. Newcome c assumes that the parish church of St. John the Baptist 
was built about the year 1400, at the expense of John de la Moote, 31 st abbot, d 
as a chapel of ease to East Barnet. Prom the monastic records we learn that, 

a Abstract of the Title of the British Land Company to freehold land at East Barnet. 

b Supra, p. 143. 

c Hist, of St. Alban's, pp. 500, 501, ed. of 1793. Lysons, iv. 2. ed. of 1796. 

d Elected 1397 : died 27 Oct. 1400. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 165 

by the authority of and with a commission from this abbot, Nicholas, bishop of 
Christopolis, in ejus monasterio ordines aliquotiens celebravit ; (conferred holy 
orders) capellam etiam in villa de Barnet, et plura altaria portatilia, a ejus licentia 
solemniter dedicavit. 1 ' The same chronicle likewise preserves a notification c by 
Henry, d bishop of Lincoln, bearing date 14 March 1398-9, that he claims no 
jurisdiction over the abbey of St. Albans ; fieri volumus manifestum, quod licet 
in Ecclesia Conventuali exempti Monasterii Sancti Albani, ac etiam Capella 
Sancti Johannis Baptista3 de Barnet, exempta jurisdictionis Monasterii predicti, 
in nostra Dioecesi constitutis, etc. Datum apud Barnet predictum quarto-decimo 
die mensis Martii, anno Domini millesimo trecentesimo nonogesimo octavo. 
This was signed by Robert, bishop of London, whom the bishop of Lincoln, not 
having his seal at hand, had procured to sign in his behalf. 

But we have the chapel of St. John the Baptist alluded to at an earlier date, 
as the following extract from the will of John Botiller/ corder, dated London 
14 June 1361, who was buried in the great church yard of St. Paul's, will 
shew. Itm lego opi capelle sci Johis apud le Barnet x\ Et opi ecclie be 
marie in eadem villa de Barnet x s . Itm lego Alicie ligtefote et fri Henr filio 
suo x 1 '. Itm lego JohT de Nasyng et Johl Botiller s'uientib} meis cuilibet eor' xx s . 
Et Edo Bailli de Bernet xx s Itm lego Join et Join filijs del Edmiidi v} unicui- 
que eor3 xxs. Itm lego Robto Rolf de Bernet xiij s iiij' 1 . The inference Avould 
be that East and Chipping Barnet are treated as an undivided parish, the 
mother church being at the former. The will of Thomas Longford of South 
Mimms conies later. Though mindful of the chapel, where he desires to 
be buried, he makes no mention of East Barnet, in which direction he pro- 
bably had no interest. 



a Altare portatile, — gestatorium, — viaticum, quod per viam portetur, propter quod portatile vel viati- 
cum appellator. "Altaria viatica secum portari factant, in quibus singulis diebus coram, &c, lioneste et 
devote Missam faciant celebrari." Du Cange. " Item olim unum Altare Viaticum sacratum pro 14 denar. 
gross. Collect. Concil. Hispan. to. 3 pag. 558. an. 1322." 

b Gesta Abbatum Monasterii Sancti Albani a Tboma Walsingbam, regnante Ricardo secundo, ejusdem 
ecclesise praecentore compilata. Vol. iii. 438. temp. Jobn V. 31st Abbot, A.D 1396-1401. H. T. Riley. 

c lb. vol. iii. 472. 

d Henry Beaufort, son of John of Gaunt, aft. Cardinal Beaufort, consecr. bishop of Lincoln 14 July 
1398. Stubbs. Registrum Sacrum Anglicanum. 

e Roger Walden, conscr. bishop of London, 3 Feb. 1397-8. Stubbs, ut ante. 

f Husting Roll 89 (1G0). 



166 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Testamentum Thome Langford* 

In dei noiS am3 Ultima die mens' Decembr' anno dni millmo cccexviij Ego Thomas 
Langford de Southmymys safl mente & bone memorie condo testm meu in huno modu. In 
pms lego aiam meal deo bee marie & omib 3 scis eius et corpus meu ad cepeliend. in cimit'io 
capelle sci Johis Bap** in chepyng bamet Itm lego sumo altari dee capelle ij s . Itm lego eidm 
capelle j TorticS pc vj s viij d ad s'uiend p diuinis officijs selebrand. in dca eapella Itm lego 
ffabricee dee eccie q'm diu dea Tortrix durar 9 pot'it Itm lego sumo altari de Southmymes vj s 
viij d Itm lego ffabrice dee eccie xx s & j tortice 1 pc vj s viij d Itm lego eccie see margar 9 de reo-o-e b i 

, s) *>)... * ^ too J 

tortice pc vj s viij d Itm lego eccie bee marie de monkess c i tortice 9 p2 vj s viij d Itm lego Eico 
Gedyng s'uienti meo xl s Itm lego cuilt cap" ej 9 dm capelle cheppyng barnet ita qd int'sit diuina 
selebrar 9 tempe exequiar 9 mear 9 xij d & cuilt clico diuina eod 9 tempe selebranti iiij d . Itm lego 
xiij s iiij d ad subuencoem vie Regie agacille v'sus potters lane in meliori modo quo fieri pot'it 
post die obitus mei p disposicoem executor 9 Itm lego Rico Langford filio meo xl s Ita qd ipe 
diligent laborar 9 voluerit cu Alicia uxe mea subsc'pta Ita qd ipe simili? subdat onus testi fidelit! 
adimplend Residuu omi vo bonor 9 meor 9 ubicuq 9 existeS tarn in debi? qm in alijs rebus post 
psolucein debitor 9 meor 9 & complementu testamenti mei p'dci do & lego p'fate Alicie uxi 
mec ad faciend & disponent p aia mea put ei videbi? deo placer 9 & salu aie sue pfic5 Huius 
au? testi mei meos ordino & constituo exec meos V3 pdcam Alic ux' meam p'ncipale? executrice 9 
& Ricum Langford filiu meu executorcm cu pfaV Alicia uxe mea Hijs testib3 Willmo 
Goyfwode Join Priour Join Wendoffre & alijs. pbat fuit hoc testm cor 9 dno comissar 9 decimo die 
mensis Januar 9 anno dni sup'dco & comissa est admistratio dico Rico Langford executor 9 , &c. 

It is more reasonable accordingly to suppose that, at the period referred to 
by Newcome, the church of Chipping Barnet was rebuilt or enlarged, and the 
structure erected which has lately been replaced by the present building. Indi- 
cations of an older fabric are still visible in the north wall, which appears to shew 
the outline of a stoup, at a point where there was formerly a porch, as well as 
in the western tower, which Mr. Cussans d conjectures to have been originally 
disconnected from the church and to have rested upon four open arches. The 
year 1250 is suggested by him as the date of the earlier edifice, and 1420 as 
that of its rebuilding. On the northern side of the middle spandril of the arcade, by 
which the former nave was separated from the south aisle, and now dividing the 
present nave from the north aisle, there remains the fragment of an inscription, 
which seems to have been gilded. 

a P.C.C. Book Marche 43. b Ridge. 

c The church of Monken Hadley was anciently known as Monks' Church. 

d Hist, of Hertfordshire. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 167 

Or a Jo/iis 

beiichamp fiindato 
ris hiri* o per is. 

Various suggestions have been hazarded as to his identity. Newcome 
supposes him to have been the architect, but adduces no evidence. Amongst 
the old St. Albans wills, however, is that of a John Beauchamp, of Barnet, who 
it is likely was the person in question, dated 23 Eeb. 1453-4 and, whatever rank 
or position he may have held, he was at all events a liberal benefactor to 
the church and parish. His will consequently finds an appropriate place 
here. 

JOHES BEAUCHAMP DE BNET. il 

In &c vicesimo t r cio die mens' ffebruar 9 anno dni eccc mo liij ego Johes Beaucliampe de bnet 
in com. hertf copos ment' & bona memoria existens condo testm meu in hue modu In p'mis lego 
aiam mea deo &c corpusq meu sepeliend in capella sci Joliis bapte de bnet ut p'ordinat' I? lego 
Kectori eiusd vj s viij a 1? sumo altari una mappa b & a pelowe of selke & altari see trinita? unii 
manut* giu c It lego cuili? sac c doti existent ad i a s meas exequias & ad missa in die sepulture mee 
xij a clico pochial vj d cuilit clico cantanti ac leccoem legenti iiij d It lego q' 1 ead forma in pecuiu 
distribuend ad sac e dotes & clicos obs'ua? in exeq'is meis trigintal' I? lego Johi Belle capefto ad 
celebrand & orand 9 p salute aie mee biiftor 9 meor 9 & omn ; fidelm defunctor 9 duran? t e mio quinq 
a°n & dl unius anni post dat p'senoiu I? lego Joh a nne & Isabelle Eston iiij u p eq a les porcofies. 
I? lego eecie de Cos a guo (Cosgrave) vi s viij d . I? lego paupib} euisd poch iij s iiij d I? lego eccie 
poch de War 9 \j s viij d . I? lego vie regie in? bnet & Agathmyll xx s . I? lego vie regie int bnet 
& Ryglryll xx s . I? lego xx s distribuend 9 in die sepulture mee int' xxx paupes mag s indigent? de 
biiet & in ptib3 vicinis circuia? It lego xij paupib} de bnet liadley & Soutlimymmes vj d 
in panib3 in q a lit septimana duran? vij a°n px tuc seqii post mea sepultura. It lego cuilit filio ac filie 
meor 9 spualm xij d aut una oue. I? lego Rico Motsprot filio meo spiial' una vacca xx s I? 
Marg'ie Pylfyssh una vacca xx s It lego Joh a nne Semsalle una vacca It lego ut exequie mee 
observan? in p'dict' capella in saltm aie mee & omi &c. 

testi mei ordino faco & constituo executores viz. Willm Eston civc london Willm Nycoll de 
bnet & Willm Myll de ead 9 I? lego cuilit eor 5 executor 9 hui s mei testi xxyj s vi:j d da? die &loco 
sup a dict a° henr 9 sexti post conqm xxxij pbat' &c. 

Mention is made in the foregoing will of the altar of the Holy Trinity, and 
we know that a guild designated after the Trinity existed at Barnet about this 

a Archdeaconry of St. Albans. Book Stoneham 77. 
b Mappa, a tablecloth or napkin. 
c Manutergium, a towel. 

r 2 



16S The Parish of East Bamet. 

period. A Guild was a species of religious corporation, embracing at the same 
time the functions of a Friendly Society and a Burial Club. It bore the name 
of some patron saint, to whom an altar was dedicated, served by a chaplain 
appointed by the body, and before which votive offerings of wax were piously 
consumed. The members met at stated intervals, when the business of the 
Society was transacted, and terminated with a feast. The history of these guilds 
deals with many of the customs, secular and religious, attaching to the life of a 
townsman in the age that preceded the Reformation. Each guild had its secrets, 
or mysteries, safeguarded by the imposition of penalties. It provided masses 
for the repose of the souls of deceased members, and took upon itself the charges 
of their obsequies. We are unhappily ignorant of the special regulations by 
which the guild of the Trinity at Barnet was governed. Roger Wright, of 
Monken Hadlej^, inaltman, by his will, dated 2 May 1502, bequeaths "to the 
ffraternitie of the Trinitie in the said towne of Barnet, whereof I am a brother, 
x s ," and John Goodere, whose memorial brass is still seen in the church of that 
parish, leaves, on the 10 May 1504, to "the britherhood of the trinite in Cheping 
barnet vj s viij d ." a 

In his will, dated 28 Jan. 1499, 15 Hen. 7, b Henry Chicheley of Harnegey, 
(Harringay, or Hornsey) co. Midd. yeoman, desires to be buried in the church- 
yard of the parish church of St. John the Baptist, of Barnet, "at the east 
ende nygh the place where the body of Richard Chicheley late my fader nowe 
lieth buried .... Item I bequeath to the saide parishe church of Saint John 
Baptist of Barnet iiij torches of wexe there to serve to the pleasure of God while 
they will endure. Item I bequeath to the parishe churche of east Barnett a 
torche of wexe there to serve in like wise to the pleasure of God while it will 
endure." 

Into a parchment covered book, known as " the book of 1633," c has been 
transcribed a compromise, by agreement effected by the abbot of St. Albans, 
between East Barnet and Chipping Barnet, in relation to the ministration of 
divine service and of the sacraments in either church, bearing date in 1471, 
11 Edward IV, the year in which the battle was fought. It was copied verbatim, 
as was certified by Sir Robert Berkeley, from a paper book which came from 
Chipping Barnet. There are marginal notes in the handwriting of Sir Robert, 

* Hist. ofMonken Hadley, 132, 140. 

*> Pr. P.C.C. 12 Apr. 1500. Book Moone 7. 

c In the possession of the rector of East Barnet. 



The Parish of East Bamet. 169 

who seems to have been interested in getting the ancient records of the parish 
arranged in order. 

" William a by the grace of god Abbott of the exempt Monasterie of St. Alban in the diocese 

of Lincoln, To all and singular persons that this present writinge shall see, reade, or heare, 

sendeth greetinge in our Lord God everlastinge, Where of longe tyme diverse strifes dissencons 

and debates have beeno betwixt S r Richard Bennett now Parson of Barnett and his p'decesso™ 

and the parishoners of Chepinge Barnett, & of East Barnett of and for sayinge and singinge 

Mattines, Masse, and Evcnsonge on Sondaies, and Holye dayes as w r ell in the Church of St. John 

Baptist in Chepinge Barnett as in the Church of our Lady in East Barnett, both churches 

of our Jurisdiccon, The partyes above rehearsed have compromised to stand to our Lawe & 

arbitrement in this behalfe. Wee therefore in eschewinge and avoiding such strifes, dissencons, 

discords & debates, and alsoe for norishinge of love, peace, and charitie, betwixt the said parson 

and his parishoners, consideringe that in Chepinge Barnett is more and greater number of people, 

and alsoe more recourse of strangers then is in East Barnett, for ease of all Christen people, and 

in especiall of the parishoners abouesaid, by this our writinge, decree and ordeyne that from 

hencefoorth the s d S r Richard now parson of Barnett and his successors shall singe and say euery 

Sondaie and holye day in his owne person or by a deputie Mattines Masse & Evcsonge in the 

Church b of S l John Baptist in Chepinge Barnett and there minister to the parishoners of Chepinge 

Barnett in his owne person or by his deputie Sacram ,s and Sacramentalls, And in his owne 

person Mattens Masse and Evcsonge in the Church of East Barnett, If the parson for the tyme 

beinge may soe attend And alsoe at all tymes there shall minister Sacraments and Sacramentalls 

to the parishoners of the said East Barnett. In witnes whereof wee have made this instrument 

for to be bypartite the one parte for to remayne with the parson and his Successors and the other 

parte w% the parishoners afore rehearsayd, yeoven under our seale at our Mannor of Tyten- 

hanger the fourth day of November in the yeare of our Lord 1471 And in the eleaventh yeare 

of Kingo Edward the fourth. 

The Abbott was both patron and ordinarie, 
The Incumbent and parishoners consented, 
This is then a lawfull composicon. 

It is likely that the parson before the date hereof did never serve at Chepinge Barnett as 
of dutye, but not havinge a house, when the Chappell was builded for the companye of the 

a William of Wallingford, 3Gth abbot, died in 1484. Under his rule the printing press was first 
introduced into the abbey. The earliest book there printed was Rhetorica Nova Frutris Laurencii Gulielmi 
de Saona, 1480. Nicholson's St. Albans, p. 36. Conf. Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 152, note e; Newcourt 
Rep. i. 804. 

b As late as 25 Apr. 2 Eliz. the church of Chipping Barnet was described, at a Court Baron of the 
Manor, as ecclesia sive capella. 



170 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Chauntrio and brotherhood priests a did remayne at Chepinge Barnett, and sometymes served 
there, and sometymes at East Barnett." 

In the Survey of Church lands made in the year 1648 b it was presented 
" that East Barnett is a Parsonage p'sentative and is worth fiftie foure pounds 
p Annu besides Chippinge Barnett, That Chippen Barnett is a Chappel of Ease 
to East Barnette beinge twoe miles distant from East Barnett aforesaid. The 
p'sentacon was in the late King Charles. That the said Chippen Barnett hath in 
it a Markett and a greate Roade that passeth through it, that all Office" be- 
longinge to the Church and Poore are elected and chosen w^in Chippen Barnett 
aforesaid That the Tythes by Composition w l hin Chippen Barnett are worth 
sixtie pounds p Annu and the Gleabe land thirtie twoe pounds (tenthes included). 
In all ninetie twoe pounds p Annu." 

The Rectory of East Barnet, before the reconstitution of the dioceses a few 
years since, lay within that of London and the archdeaconry of St. Albans. It 
was afterwards transferred to Rochester, but when St. Albans was remade a 
bishopric fell naturally under that see. In the ecclesiastical taxation made by 
order of Pope Nicholas IV., about the year 1291, 20 Edw. I. this rectory was 
rated at £6 13 4 per ann.° In the Survey made upon the Dissolution, 
26 Hen. VIII., it was valued in the King's books at £22 2 8^ per annum.' 1 

The parish church of East Barnet, dedicated to St. Mary the Virgin, and 
standing on the top of the hill overlooking the valley from the south, is 
unquestionably the most ancient ecclesiastical structure existing in the neigh- 
bourhood. The spot, where "the rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep" 
unrecorded, amid the more conspicuous monuments of a later age, is not without 
a certain rural picturesqueness, even at the present day, commanding a pleasing 
view over the opposite slope, from which Oak Hill and Little Grove face it, 
with the roofs of Bohun Lodge emerging from the mass of intervening foliage. 
Until recent years the church consisted of a narrow nave and chancel. The 
north wall of the former and possibly the archway of the south porch, with a 

a Clutterbuck's Herts, i. App. No. II. p. 21. In a Roll of the Pensions granted, after the Dissolu- 
tion of Religious Houses in the County of Hertford, in the Reign of Queen Mary, to various persons, there 
appears, under the head of St. Alban's Monastery, to Thomas Broke, late incumbent of the fraternity of 
Chipping Barnet, £5 0. 

b P. 303. Lambeth Libr. 

c Tax Eccl. p. 37. 

rt Bacon's Liber Regis, p. 631. Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 152. 



The Parish of Bast JBarnet. 171 

fragment of the south wall of the nave adjoining, alone survive of the original 
"building, probably dating from the end of the 11th or commencement of the 
following century, in other words, from a period not distant from the Norman 
conquest. 

C'etait une humble eglisc au cintre surbaisse, 

L'eglise ou nous entrames, 
Ou depuis knits cents ans avaient deja passe" 

Et pleure bien des ames. a 

Evidence remains that the chancel was rebuilt, mainly by the exertions of 
Sir Robert Berkeley, in the year 1632, and most likely presented the external 
appearance which has been preserved in Woodburn's engraving b of 1807. 
When Chauncy wrote his History of Hertfordshire, the church was " cielcd 
within and covered with Tyle, to which joyns an Erection of Wood at the West 
End thereof, wherein are three small bells, and a short Spire upon it." The 
south wall of the chancel was subsequently renewed, when the door delineated 
in Woodburn's plate disappeared. The floor of the church is considerably 
below the level of the church-yard, and a vestry built during the incumbency of 
Dr. Garrow is approached from the western extremity of the nave by steps. A 
wooden turret surmounting the west end in 1794, and conspicuous in Woodburn's 
illustration, was replaced between that date and 1817 by a sort of octagou belfry, 
succeeded in 1828 by the present tower. This unpleasing construction absorbed, 
it is believed, the larger portion of subscriptions destined to the general improve- 
ment of the edifice. The archdeacon of the period, upon coming to inspect the 
achievement, is reported to have briefly though pointedly remarked that ivy grew 
rapidly. 

Erom the will of Joan Dudman, in 1541, we learn that the pre-reformation 
church contained three altais, to each of which the worthy woman bequeathed 
an offering. She probably resided on the spot where her name was perpetuated, 
during many subsequent generations, in the house called Dudmans, latterly 
known as the Clock House. The will of her husband Thomas Dudman, 
dated on the 8th, and proved at St. Alban's d on the 23rd of March 1522, was 

a V. Hugo, Chants du Crepuscule. 

b Woodburji's Eecl. Topography. 

c Vide supra, pp. 143, 1G3 . Will of Mrs. Mary Price, dated 28 Jan. 1701-2. 

& Archdeaconry of St. Alban's. Book Wallingford 184 b . 



172 The Parish of East Barnet. 

witnessed by Sir Robert Robynson the curate. Desiring to be buried in the 
churchyard, he bequeaths " to the high awter of Estbarnett iiij d , to saint albons 
shryne iiij d , and to have V masses of the V wounds of o r lord xx d ." 

JOHANE DoDEMA DE EST BARNET a 

In the name of god Amen. The xix day of Septembre the yere of oure lord god M 1 V ct xli & 
yn the xxxij' 1 yere of the Reigne of oure sou'ane lord henry the viii th by the grace of god Kyng 
of Englond & of fraunce Defensour of the fayth lord of Ireland & yn erthe supreme hed of the 
Churche of England, I Johan Docleman of the pyshe of Est Barnet in the countye of hertf 
wedowe beyng of hole mynd & in good & pfytt Eemembraunce laud & prayse be unto god make 
& ordeyne thys my p'sent testament co'teynyng heryn my last wyll in maS & forme followyng, 
that ys to wyte, ffirst & principally I co'mend my soule to Allmyghtye god my maker & Redemer 
in whome & by the merytts of whose blessyd passyon is all my nolle trust of clere Remyssyon & 
forgyvenes of all my synes & my bodye to be buryed yn the churche yerd of the pyshe churche 
of East barnett aforesaid, ltm I bequeth to the highe aut' of the sayd pyshe churche for my 
tythes and oblacyons by me neclygently forgotten or wythholden if any suche in discharge of my 
conscyence xij d . It' I bequeth to the sayd pyshe churche iij ault' clothes that ys to say to eu'y 
aut' wyth yn the sayd churche one aut' clothe & to eu'y of the sayd aulters two torches pryce 
xiij s & iiij d . It' I bequethe to the sayd churche a Surplese of the valewe of v s . It' I bequeth to 
Willm Rolfe sonne of Wilhn Rolfe my sone in lawe & Agnes hys wyfe my dought' xl s . It' I 
bequeth to Agnes Rolfe daught' of the sayd Willm Rolfe and Agnes hys wyfFe xK And if yt 
fortune eyther of the said Willm Rolfe the sonne of Willm Rolfe & Agnes hys wyfe or the sayd 
Agnes daught' of the sayd Willm & Agnes hys wyfe to deceasse or dept thys mortall world 
before he or she shall accomplyshe and come to hys or her lawfull ages of xxj yeres & before that 
tyme be not maryed, then I bequethe his pt or her pt of the soe deceasyng to thother of them 
then survyvyng & to be delyveryd to hym or her soe survyvyng when he or she shall accom- 
plysshe & come to hys or her sayd lawfull age of xxj yeres or els be maryed. And yf yt fortune 
bothe the sayd Willm Rolfe and Agnes hys wyfe ther chyldren to decease before they accomplysshe 
& come to ther sayd age of xxj yeres and before that tyme be not maryed, and the say d Willm 
Rolfe my sonne yn lawe & Agnes hys wyffe my dought' be then lyvyng then I bequeth the sayd 
iiij 1 ' so to the say d Willm Rolfe & Agnes Rolfe ther chyldren bequethed to the sayd Willm Rolfe 
my sone yn lawe & Agnes hys wyffe my dought' & to ther Assygnes for eu'. It' I gyve & 
bequeth to the maryage of eu'y of my godchyldren iij s & iiij d . Itm I bequeth vnto Robt Whyte 
the sone of John Whyte yj s & viij d to be delyveryd unto hym when, he shall accomplysshe & come 
to hys lawfull age of xxj yeres. It' I bequethe to John Wrighte the yong' vj s & viij d . It' I 
bequethe to eyther of John Garrett and Agnes hys wyfe xx s S a m xl s . The Resydewe of all my 
goods cattails & detts aft' my detts payd my funerall expens' pformed & these my legacyes 
co'teyned in thys p'sent testament fulfylled I holy gyve and bequethe to the sayd Willm Rolfe 

a St. Alban's wills. Book Ewer f. 63. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 173 

my sone in lawe & Agnes hys wyffe my clought' to tlier owne ppre use. The wyclic Willm Rolfe 
my sone in lawe & Agnes liys wyffe my dought' of tliys my p'sent testament I make & ordeyne 
myn executors & of the execusyon of the same I make & ordeyne my trustye frend John Pkyns 
ou'seer. And I bequethe to the sayd John Pkyns forhys labor in that behalfe vj s & viij d , And 
I utterly revoke and adnull alle and eu'y other form' testaments wylles legacyes & bequests 
executors & ou'seers by me yn any wyse before thys tyme made named wylled & bequethed. 
And I wy 11 that thys my p'sent testament shall stand remayno & abid in for my vcryc testament 
& last wyll together wyth all the legacyes bequests executors & ou'seers by mo herin made 
named willed & bequethed & none other nor other wyse. In witnea wherof to thys my p'sent 
testament & last will I the said Johan Dodema' have sett myseale, Youen the daye and yere 
above written. P me din thoma' Masse curatu'. Wytnes hereof John Colma ; John Pkyns 
llic Rolfe wythe other mor'. Probatum (at St. Albans) xiij die mens' Septembris anno 
predict'. 

John Parkyns, citizen and mercer of London, who may have been the 
person above named, or of the same family, dates his will 28 Oct. 159 2, a and 
in it refers to property at East Barnet, devising to his brother Richard Parkyns 
and Ids heirs for ever " all my mansion house wyth the appurtenances and all y c 
freeholde landes thereunto belonginge lyinge and beinge in Est Barnet in the 
Countye of Hartford &c." To " the poore of the parish of Est Barnett, where 
I was borne," he bequeaths 20 shillings, and the same sum to the " mendinge of 
lanes in the sayd parish at the discrecon of my brother Richard." He mentions 
Robert, John, and William Marshe, sons of his sister Jane, the wife of William 
Marshe, and to John, son of his brother Richard, he leaves " my greate byble 
covered with redd and allso my greatest sealinge ringe wyth my amies in it and 
after his death to his brother Thomas, allso my raper & dagger and some of 
my apparell &c." 

The Commissioners in the last year of the reign of Edward the Sixth made 
the following return of all goods and furniture remaining in the parish church of 
East Barnet. 1 ' 

Imprimis, iij Belles in the Steple. 

Itm a Challise of Silver po5. x one. 

Itm iij Coppes one of Redd vellet and thother of Grene Silke. 

a Pr. P.C.C. 23 May 1594 by the proctor of Anne, the relict. Book I)ixy 40. He appears to have 
lived at Hatchelswicke. Supra p. 125, note d . 

b Augment. Off. Miscell. Vol. 497. Record Office. Cussans' Hist, of Hertfordshire. 

z 



174 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



Itm vij vestments for Thalter wherof one is Dune Silke another Redd and Greene 
Silke another whit and yellow silke another Blewe and Grene Silke and ij° of Redd 
Cruyll and one whit Cruylle. 

Itm a Crose of Tyne. 

Itm one Cuysshine. 

Itm v Alter Clothes of lynnone. 

Itm a Frunte Clothe. 

Itm ij° Chestes. 

Itm ij° Curtcynes of Grene Silke. 

The following account of contributions towards the rebuilding of the chancel 
in 1632 has been preserved in the book of 1633. The entries are not only 
valuable as recording the names of the contributors, with the sums collected, but 
as further showing, in many instances, by whom the respective houses were at 
that time inhabited. When Salmon wrote his history of Hertfordshire, in 1728, 
Sir Robert Berkeley's arms, impaling those of Conyers, still remained in the 
north window of the chancel. 

Memoranda That towards the buildinge of the Chauncell of this Church and repaires of the 
bodye thereof in A dni 1632 the severall parties here under named did freely contribute by 
giuuinge the severall sommes of money and other helpes at their names appearinge. In remem- 
brance whereof the Churchwardens of the said Church have caused this entry to be made for a 
perpettuall acknowledgment of their godly and charitable bounty for and towards the performance 
of soe pious and necessary a worke. 

Imp r mis of Sir Robert Barkeley knight and one of the kings serients at 
Lawe whoe inhabiteth in the howse in this parish caled ( Jhurchhill 
howsc — towards the Charge of the Chauncell as followeth viz : 
towards the materialls and bricklayers and Carpenters and Masons 
workes in new building of the same . . . . 17 11 8 

Item for the 3 pues nowe standinge on the north syde of the Chauncell 03 00 

Item for lyninge the Chauncell w th deale bords and benching y 1 as 

nowe y 1 is from the sayd 3 pues rownde to the dore on the south syde 

of the Chancell . . . . . . . 01 05 11 

Item for all the glasse viz. the 2 armes and playne glasse in the north 

windowe of the Chauncell . . . . . . 02 01 

Item for a lock and key to the Chauncell dore . . . 00 02 3 



And towards the Charge of the body of the Church as followeth viz. 
towards the materialls and bricklayers and Carpenters and Masons 
worke in repayre of the body of the Church . . . . 06 13 



The Parish of East Bamet. 175 

Item for making the pue now standinge at the upper end of the body 
of the Church on the north syde and under the 3 pues on the north 
sydc of the Chauncell . . . . . . . 00 05 2 

Item more uppon an asseasment for his pportion for the lands in this 

parish then in his occupation . . . . . . 02 01 8 

Item of M ris Isabell Connyers widowe Inhabitinge in the howse of the sayd 

Sir Robert Barkcley towards the Charge of the Chauncell . . 06 00 

Item Sir John Bowles a Barronet at the instance of the sayd Sir Robert 

Barkcley towards the Chauncell . . . . . 02 00 

Item Mr. Edward Barkcley b inhabiting in the howse of the sayd Sir 

Robert Barkeley towards the Chauncell . . . . 02 00 

Item Mr. AVilliam Johnson c whoc inhabiteth in the ffrith towards the 

Charge of the Chauncell and body of the Church . . 12 00 

Item Mr. Sparke d soiorninge in Mr. Johnsons howse towards the 

Chancell ........ 

Item Mr. Johnson more by asseasment for the lands in his occupation 
Item of Mr. Arthur Jcrvas inhabitinge at the howse next Bowrne gate 

towards the Chauncell and body of y e Church .... 
Item more of him uppon asseasement for his lands .... 
Item of Mr. Richard Rave to the Chauncell .... 

a Sir John Bowles had married Catherine youngest daughter of Mr. Thomas Conyers. See pedigree, 
supra, p. 58. 

b A brother of Sir Robert Berkeley. See pedigree ut supra, p. 58. 

c Several of the children of William and Mary Johnson were bapt. at E. B. the earliest entry being 
that of their eldest son William, 3 Jan. 1615-6. He was adm. fell. comm. of Caius Coll. Camb. 21 Apr. 
1632, being 16 years old. The matriculation register states that he had been educated at home for 5 years 
under Mr. Langlie. Vide supra, p. 83. 

d Thomas Sparkes and Dorothy Johnson were mar. 3 Oct. 1621. Elizabeth, dau. of the same, was bur. 
2 May 1635 and Thomas Sparkes gent. 6 May 1635. East Barnet Par. Reg. The will of Thomas Sparke 
of Line. Inn gent, dated 4 Oct. 1634, when " sick in bodie," with a codicil dated 2 March 1634-5, was pr. 
P.C.C. 11 June 1635 (Book Sadler 71), by John Sparke, the brother, power being reserved to Mr. 
William Johnson, the uncle by marriage, and Mr. James Ravenscroft, the cousin. He was the son of 
Thomas Sparke of Aston, co. Flint gent, by Jane the daughter of George Ravenscroft, and sister of 
Thomas Ravenscroft of Fold park, and grandson of William Sparke of the same. By his wife Dorothy, 
who survived him, the dau. of Baptist Johnson of London, gent, he had three sons, William, John, and 
Roger, and two daughters, Dorothy and Elizabeth. Harl. MS. 1476, f. 430 b . Visitation of London 
1633-4. Lands in Flintshire and Kent were left in trust to his wife for life. Arms. Chequy or and 
vert, a bend erm Crest. Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi panther ramp, guard, arg. spotted with 
various colours, fire issuing from the ears and mouth ppr. Sparke of Nantwich. Harl. MS. 1535 f. 27 
Burke's General Armory. 

z 2 



02 10 





01 00 


4 


05 00 





00 04 


8 


02 10 






04 00 





00 18 


8 


08 00 





01 10 


8 


02 10 





00 09 


2 


02 10 





00 03 


8 


01 00 





00 06 


4 


03 00 





02 10 





01 00 





02 00 






176 The Parish of FjmI Barnet. 

Item of Mr. Anthony Bourcher inhabiting in Mr. Woodroofe's house to 
Church and Chauncell ....... 

Item more uppon asseasement ...... 

Item of Mr. William Greene inhabitinge in Dudmans towards Church and 
Chauncell ........ 

Item more uppon asseasement ...... 

Item of Mr. John Bnllwer inhabitinge at the howse over against the 
pownde a for the Church and Chauncell .... 

Item more uppon asseasement ..... 

Item of Mr. John Barkeley inhabitinge in Hackellsweek for the Church and 

Chauncell . . 

Item more uppon asseasement ...... 

Item of widdowe Munsloe b to Church and Chauncell 

and uppon asseasement ....... 

Item of Sir John ffrancklen c knt toward the Chauncell 
Item of Mr. Hues towards the Chauncell 

Item of Mr. Mason towards the Chauncell 

Item of the Lady ffrances d Weld widdowe towards the Chauncell . 
The residue of the Charge of repayre of the body of the Church not borne by the benevo- 
lences and asseasements above pticularly specified was raysed of the occupiers of the 
lands w'hin y° parish uppon an asseasement after these rates, viz. 
ffor every acre of meadowe . . . 8 a 

ffor every acre of pasture . . . . 4 d 

ffor every acre of arable . . . . 2 d 

& ffor every acre of wood . . . . 2 d 

All w c h severall somes so asseased were duely collected and payd. 
Memor du The totall Charge of buildinge and Inward worke in the Chauncell 

did amount unto . . . . . . 73 2 2 

And The totall Charge of repayre of the body of the Church amounted 

unto . . . . . . - . . 41 10 

The amount thus collected proving insufficient to effect the complete restoration 
of the church, in the following year a new assessment was made and an additional 

a The pound was in Long Street, nearly opposite the cottage farm mentioned supra, at p. 5. Mr. 
Bulwer was one of the churchwardens in Dec. 1633. Vide infra, p 178. 

b Alice, widow of Benedict Mounslow. Vide infra, p. 180. 

c OfWillesden; knighted at Theobalds 2 Oct. 1614, d. 24 March 1647, aged 47, and bur. at 
Willesden. Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 194, 196; Burke's East. Baronetage; Harl. MSS. 1551, f. 2 ; 6062, f. 
68b. He held a cartway called Coles gate by Copy of Court Roll of the manor of Enfield, afterwards Sir 
Edward Alsten's. Book of Enfield Survey of 1636. 

d See pedigree of Weld, supra, p. 32. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 177 

outlay incurred, of which the book contains the subjoined particulars, shewing a 
total expenditure upon the fabric of £138 5s. Sd. 

Memorandu, That towards the paintinge of the Chauncell and of the body of the 
Church, and the amendinge of the pewes, and other worke unfinished in this Church 
inA°dni: 1632, In A" dni: 1G33 the severall partyes hereunder named did freely 
contribute by givingc the severall somes of money, and other helpes at their names 
appearing©, w c h alsoe is registered in this booke for remembrance of their continuinge 
forwardnes on the behalf'e of this Church. 

Imp'mis of S l . Robert Berkeley knt : one of the Judges of his Mat 3 Cote of 
King's bench upon assesment for the land in his occupation 16 s 8 d and 
given beside by him 4 ]i 3 s 4' 1 , in toto . . . . 5 U 

It'm Mrs. Isabcll Conyers widowe inhabitinge in the house of S r Kobert 

Berkeley &c. . . . . . . . .200 

It'm S r John ffranklyn knt. upon assesment for his wood ground 8 s 4 d and 

given beside by him l u 11 s 8 d in toto . . . . .200 

It'm Mr. "William Johnson who inhabiteth in the ffricth upon assesment for 
the land in his occupacon 10 s 2 (l and given beside by him 1 H 9 s 10 d , 
in toto . . . . . . . . .200 

It'm Mr. Wiftm Greene inhabiting in Dudmans upon assesment for the 
land in his occupation and in the occupacon of Auditor Wynn 10 s and 
given beside by him 40 s , in toto . . . . 2 10 

It'm Mr. Anthony Bourchier inhabitinge in Mr. Woodroffe's house upon 
assesment for the land in his occupacon 9 s 4 d and given beside by him, 
11 s 8 d , in toto . . . . . . . .10 

It'm Mr. Arthur Jervas inhabitinge by Bourn gate upon assesment for 

the land in his occupacon 2 s 4 d and given beside by him xx s . 12 4 

It'm Mr. John Bulwer inhabitinge at the house over against the pound, 
upon assesment for the land in his occupacon 4 s 2 (1 and given beside 
by him the new Communion table, and alsoe he tooke greate care and 
paines in collecting© the moneys assessed and given, and in over sight 
of the workes. 

It'm Mr. John Barkeley, who now inhabiteth in S 1 ' Robert Barkeley's 
house, given by him the greate round woodden chest, and he furthered 
the worke w% lendinge of longe wood lathers, and other necessaryes 
for the worke, and w*h givinge Charcoales and wood towards the 
worke. 

It'm Mr. Hues who dwelleth upon the Chace side at Cock ffosters 

upon assesment for the land in his occupacon 5 s 2 d and given beside 



by him 10 s . . . . . . . .01 



o 



9. 



It'm Mr. Richard Ray sonne in lawe to Mr. Gervas given by him . 10 



178 The Parish of East Barnet. 

It'm Mr. John Raye a another sonne in lawe to Mr. Gervas given by him . 10 
It'm Mr. Sparke soiourninge at some tymes in Mr. Johnson's 

house given by him . . . . . . 10 

It'm Mr. "Wyn, one of the Audito rs of the revenewe dwellinge in 

Montpleasante, upon assesment for the land in his occupacon 2 s 10 d 
and given by him beside l u 17 s 2 d in tot. . . . .200 

It'm Mr. Bennett owner of the house betweene Symon RofFe's and Mrs. 

Blowes house, given by him . . . . . .10 

It'm Mr. Gylle brother to Mrs. Greene and soiourninge in Mr. 

Greene's house, given by him . . . . . 10 

It'm Mr. Ralpho Smith of Whetstone, given by him . . .050 

The reasidue of the charge was borne by others the occupy ers of the land &c in the 
parishe uppon assesment for the lands in their occupacon after these rates, viz 1 , 
ffor every acre of medowe . . 4 d 

ffor every acre of pasture . 2' 1 

ffor every acre of arrable . . l d 

ffor every acre of wood . . . l d 

The totall charge of the said paintinge and the other 
amendments and Avorkes donne in A dni: 1633 came 
unto upon all accompte in toto : . . . 23 1 ' 13 s 06 d 

In the same book is found an inventory of the Church goods ami ornaments 
taken at the end of the year. 

December 29 th 1633. 

An Inventorie taken of all the goods of the parishe 
and ornaments of the Church and other things w c h now 
are in the hands and charge of Mr. Bulwer and Ralphe ffyfield 
Churchwardens and are to be accompted of from Church- 
warden to Churchwarden yearly. 

a Born 10 Dec. 1600, and admitted, in 1613, to Merchant Taylors' School He was a scrivener in 
Fleet St. and of Richmond, Surrey, was twice married, and was knighted at Whitehall, 15 May 16G3 (Le 
Neve's Knights, Harl. Soc. Pub. viii. 1G8, 1G9). He was bur. 7 Feb. 1670-1, Obituary of Richard Smyth ; 
Camd. Soc. Pub. p. 89. Walter Rea, his eldest son, born 9 Oct. 1668, afterwards one of the Band of 
Pensioners, who d. s. p. was admitted at Merchant Taylors' 11 Sep. 1676. Register of Merchant Taylors' 
School, i. 78, 290. His daughter Elizabeth, relict of Edward Maddison, of Caistor, co. Line. esq. married, 
secondly, at Westminster Abbey, 30 Apr. 1673, Mr. Thomas Skipworth. of Metheriugham, co. Line. 
knighted 29 May 1673 and cr. a baronet 27 July 1678. Chester, Westm. Abbey Registers. By her he 
left no issue The baronetcy became extinct 4 June 1756. Le Neve states that in 1713 there were no 
descendants left of Sir John Rea in the male line. 



The Parish of Bast Barnet. 179 

Imp'mis, A Communion table. 

It'm A communion table cloth of purple cloth fringed. 

It'm A communion table cloth of lynnen. 

It'm A purple velvet cushion, and purple velvet paule for the pulpitt. 

It'm A silver Chalice with a Cover waigjit. 

It'm A pewter fflagon potte. 

It'm A surplus of lynnen. 

It'm A greate bible. 

It'm Two bookes of Comon prayer large volume, viz 1 . 
1. for the parson and one for the parishe Clarke. 

It'm A booke of Homilyes. 

It'm A greate roundc wooden cheste w l h locke and key and two trestles that beare it. 

It'm A little woodden Coffer w'h 3 lockes but noe key. 

It'm A plaine woodden foorme. 

It'm Two bceres one bigger the other lesse for burialls 

It'm Two ladders in the belle lofte. 

It'm An hourc glasse. 

It'm one bond from Porter and John lloffe of 50 n to Mr. Greene and Mr. Bulwer for 
savinge the parishe harmles concerninge Raffe Cowper. 

It'm one other bond from Woodle and Ducke of 50 n to Mr. Greene and Mr. Bulwer 
for savinge the parish harmles concerninge Williamson. 

It'm this greate paper booke. 

It'm one other paper booke. 

It'm two keyes for the poores boxe one whereof now is in Mr. Milwarde the Rect ors 
hand the other in Mr. Bulwer one of the Churchwardens hand. 
Memor du That at Whitsontide 1637, The silver Chalice and cover above mentioned were 

taken by some well disposed gcntlm yet unknown, and in place of them a gilt chalice 

w'h a broad cov guilt and a black leathern case for keeping them in, (worth about 5 11 

more then the old silver chalice and cover) were geven to the pish and the s d guilt 

chalice and cover and case were ilien delived to the hands of John Osbrooke then 

auncient churchwarden to keepe and to be answerable for, to the use of the parish, 

amongst the rest of the goods and ornament s belonging to the church, as above 

mentioned. 
M dm That Mr. Thorn Walker his maty cs serieant of the vestry, about Michaelm 1637 did 

geve and bestow upon the pish a long silke damask cushen, colour white, and a 

carpett suiteablc to it for our comunion table, w cl > s d cushen & carpett were coinitted 

to the custody of Edmund Poines pish clerk. 
Itm one bond of 20 1 ' from John Catlyn of W T hitechappel and others of Whitechappell, to 

Jno Osbrooke and Thorn ffrith churchwardens for a child of Sannys, placed out by the 

pish for the some of x 1 '. 



180 The Parish of East Barnet. 

The will of Benedict Mounslow, a of East Barnet, tanner, made, when " sick 
in bodie," 10 Aug. 1622, was pr. on the 28 Sep. following by Alice, the widow, 
before Matthias Milward, clerk, rector. To his son Edward and his heirs he 
devises his house in East Barnett after the decease of Alice his wife, she to have 
it until then for the better education of his children and her own. To his son 
Edward he leaves £40, to his son John £60, to his wife's three children, all 
minors, John, Mary and Richard Osbrooke, £20 each, and he mentions his 
godson Simon Rolf. Benet Mounslo was buried 13 Sep. 1622. b 

In 1849, when a recent restoration of Monken Hadley church had much 
stirred the emulation of neighbouring rectors and vicars, a small sum of money 
was expended upon that of East Barnet. On this occasion, which the writer well 
remembers, the piscina or credence table in the north wall, probably connected 
with one of Joan Dudman's altars, was discovered behind the wainscoting. 
Traces were at the same time laid bare of a small diapered pattern in fresco, 
with which the walls of the church had been anciently covered. They first 
came to light upon the wall turning eastward, from the south porch. The 
beam at the junction of nave and chancel, where, in the early church, there 
may have been a chancel arch, and where a slight diminution in the width of 
the building is still observed, having been cleared of paint, the mortices were 
revealed which, it may be supposed, had received tenons belonging to the timbers 
or tracery of a screen. The resources then at command were inconsiderable, 
and the principal change effected was confined to a new pulpit, since removed to 
the opposite side of the church, but at first injudiciously placed for its occupant 
against the southern wall of the chancel, in the full track of the noonday sun- 
light. It replaced one of those constructions with a huge souuding-board, on 
the south side of the nave, which have been irreverently styled three-deckers, 
and which absorbed a very undue proportion of the area of the little church. 
The recess of a round-arched north doorway, facing the south porch, previously 
bricked up and plastered over, was opened out at the same time. The hinges of 
the door remain, as well as the sockets in which a bar rested. Mr. G. E. 
Street, the restorer of Monken Hadley, had the charge of these alterations, which 
were accompanied by a careful inspection of the church, the result of which 
served as a foundation for two interesting papers, which it will be best to 

a St. Alban's wills. Book Dainty 127. b Par. Reg. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 181 

retain in his own words. The first is extracted from a letter read at a meeting 
of the Cambridge Camden Society, held 13 Jan. 1852. a 

" I beg leave to send you a few remarks on two instances of what are I dare 
say considered to be invariably barbarisms without benefit of ancient authority. 
The first an instance of an early roof, plastered on the underside of the rafters, 
and the second an instance of simple and pure whitewashing, and both of them 
probably of earlier date than the Reformation. The first is the Nave of East 
Barnet Church, Herts. This has a simple roof having all the rafters framed 
together, with collars braces and vertical ashlaring from the plate. The whole of 
this wood work was always very rough, so much so that it was thought advisable 
to ceil it. This was done in the ordinary way, but then the men who did it (I 
imagine them to be fifteenth -century men) were not content to leave the ceiling 
in its deformity and they therefore painted it all over. When I was last in the 
church the painting could be descried here and there over the white ceiling, 
and it seemed to be rather an irregular arrangement of troops of angels flying 
all over it. Now without knowing what the effect was at East Barnet, one 
can quite imagine such an arrangement being very beautiful if the angels were 
well painted and not too violent in their action, for this is always unbearable in 
architectural decoration. I must not leave East Barnet without saying that the 
old roof owes its preservation to apparently an instinctive reverence on the part 
of the Churchwarden of some twenty years ago 1 ' for so early a specimen of Church - 
wardenizing, for when about that time the holder of the office desired to per- 
petuate his fame and his carpentry, together with the bricklaying of one of his 
neighbours, he hit upon the ingenious plan of raising the old wall some ten or 
twelve feet and then covering up the old steep oak roof with a tasty flat-slated, 
deal roof so that the old church really rejoices in two roofs one above the other. 
Little however do the poor old Romanesque walls rejoice in their additional load 
( ? wash) and fissures and bulgings in all directions are their silent but eloquent 
tokens of disgust with their burden." 

The second paper referred to was read at the Annual Meeting of the 
Worcester Diocesan Architectural Society, 26 Sep, 1855. After speaking of 
several descriptions of wall painting, Mr. Street proceeds, — "There was how- 
ever a much simpler system, of which we find many examples remaining and 
which is probably more within our power in the present day, and of this the 

a Ecclesiologist, Vol. xiii. b It was ruucli longer ago than this. 

2 A 



182 The Parish of East Barnet. 

little church of East Barnet affords a curious example. The walls were entirely 
covered with red lines in imitation of masonry and the centre of each division 
had a six-leaved flower. The windows had border lines round them, and then 
the same imitation of masonry in the jambs. The walls are Romanesque, and I 
doubt whether the painting was of much later date." a This opinion, coming 
from an authority so distinguished, confirms the presumption already intimated 
in regard to the date of the church, the transition from Romanesque or Norman 
to Early English or first Gothic taking place in the last half of the twelfth 
century. 

In 1868, not long after the appointment of the present rector, a south aisle 
was constructed and the ancient wall of the nave pierced with two arches of 
communication, whilst, still more recently, in 1880, the chancel has been 
rebuilt and lengthened about twelve feet eastwards, at the expense of Henry 
Francis Church esq. of Southgate, a chief clerk in Chancery, from designs by 
Mr. Rowland Barker, as a memorial to his wife. An organ chamber was added 
at the same time, on the north side, into which was removed a two-light window 
representing the Raising of the daughter of Jairus and the Raising of Lazarus, 
the memorial of E. I. W. (Eliza Isabella Wyatt), who died on the Eeast 
of St. Mathias, 1847, and of J. R. "W. (James Reeves Wyatt), who died on the 
Eve of All Saints, 1856, son and daughter of the late Thomas Wyatt, of Willen- 
hall house. The east window, thus transferred, has been replaced by a beautiful 
work 1 ' of Messrs. Clayton and Bell, the gift of Frederick Searle Parker, 
co-churchwarden with Mr. Church, and sometime resident at the Grange. It 
may be remarked that the Wyatt window was preceded by a simple combination 
of coloured glass, presented, as he is careful to note, by the Rev. B. Underwood, 
27 July 1807, at a cost of £22. 12. 0, a price at which it must have been 
very dear. The western gallery, which contained a barrel organ, given by 
the elder Sir Simon Haughton Clarke bart, whose discordant tones must 
haunt the memories of all who ever heard them, has been reduced in size. 
One of its wooden supporting columns, now removed, bore the date of 1619. 

A noticeable feature in the old church was the number of memorial hatch- 
ments, with which the interior was garnished from end to end. These, with a 
very few exceptions, were taken down at the time of the alterations. Probably 
so large a number were never collected within the walls of an edifice of equal 

a Associated Archaeological Societies' Reports, Vol. iii, 359. 

b The tracery is copied from the Lady Chapel of St. Alban's Abbey. 



The Parish of Bast JBamet. 183 

dimensions and, with every allowance for the altered pre-possessions of the age, 
it may be questioned whether the absence of their varied colouring;, added to the 
solemn associations inseparable from them, be not a loss to picturesque effect. 
Mr. Underwood enumerates eleven, as in the church on 30 July, 1797. To these 
were subsequently added many others, the last being that of Mr. Cass, of Little 
Grove, placed in the church in the summer of 1862. The greater portion, at 
the period of the recent enlargement, were conveyed to the space between the 
double roofs and are there stowed away ; " the boast of heraldry," in this 
expression of it, being no longer in fashion. A few have been permitted to 
remain until the present moment (1891), removed to the west end, beneath the 
gallery. Now that the custom has virtually become obsolete, it may not be 
unmeaning to record, in speaking of hatchments, that, on the demise of the 
master or mistress of the mansion, they were affixed to the front of the house on 
the day of the funeral and, as a rule, immediately after the removal of the body. 
The foundation of the lozenge was painted black on the side carrying the 
armorial bearings of the deceased, and left white on that of the survivor. It is 
probable that the blazon was frequently inaccurate, as they were often required 
at short notice and at the hands of a painter, perhaps, who was no skilled herald. 
A few years ago, and scarcely a street or square at the west end of London was 
without examples of them. Now they are rarely seen. In parts of Germany it 
was an ancient custom, upon placing the escutcheon of the last of a family in 
the church, to set the atchievement upside down. a 

The more remote memorials of the departed are not, however, to be looked 
for on the walls, but on the floor of the church. A row of slabs b in front of the 
altar railing recalls the names of former inhabitants, whilst the extension of the 
chancel has inclosed within the building the tombs of Mr. James Rawlins, and 
of Mr. Robert Tayler at the north and south ends of the holy table respectively. 
The former, now partiably defaced, records that : 

a In the Tetzel chapel of the S*. Egidienkircke, at ISTuremburg, which is full of hatchments, the last, 
dated 173G, is reversed, denoting the extinction of the family. 

1 In order from north to south, — 1. Ingram, 2. Baldwin, 3. Conyers, 4. Greene, 5. Wickham, 6. a slab 
with brass and inscription gone. 

c The will of James Rawlins, citizen and stationer, dated 19 June 1715, was pr. P.C.C. by Elizabeth, 
the relict, 8 March 1719-20. Book Fagg 204. He leaves £5 to the poor of E. B. and desires to be 
buried " in the churchyard of the parish church as near to the Chancell as may be." Mr. James Rawlins 
and Mrs. Elizabeth Harper were mar. at E. B. 1 July 1707. Par. Reg. 

2 a 2 



1S4 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Here lyetli interred by Iiis own desire the body of James 
Rawlins of this parish Gent, who departed this life 
the 24 th day of July in the year 1715 in the 60th year 
of his Age. 

The latter, now lowered to the floor-level, stood previously as an altar-tomb 
external to the church. It bears the following inscription : — 

Here lies the Body of 
Robert Tayler, a late Rector of East Barnet & 
Prebendary of Lincoln, whose solid & useful 
Learning, judicious and ready Zeal for the 
Doctrine and Discipline of the church of England 
had render'd him valuable to all sincere lovers 
thereof. After he had for the space of above 40 
years Recommended true Christian Piety by 
his preaching and example, he left by his will 
that excellent Book intitled the whole Duty of 
Man to every Family in his Parishes, as an 
Instance of his dying care and concern for 
their souls. 

Ob* Feb. 18 th 1718 aetat. 72. 

" The Whole Duty of Man laid down in a plain and familiar way, for the use 
of all, but especially of the meanest reader," contains seventeen chapters, " one 
thereof being read every Lord's Day, the whole may be read through thrice 
every year." It was published anonymously three years before the Restoration, 
under the sanction of Dr. Hammond, who was consulted about its publication by 
Mr. Garthwait, the bookseller, with whom the sealed MS. had been left, and 
asked to write a preface. A chained copy is still to be seen in the Library at 
Wimborne Minster. Nelson, in his "Ways and Means of doing Good," 
" recommends Persons of Quality to disperse Bibles, Prayer Books, and The 
Whole Duty of Man." Dodwell, in his Advice to a young Man on his Susception 
of Holy Orders, urges him to " persuade every family in his parish to read The 
Whole Duty of Man according to the method of the partition therein prescribed." 

a Besides the united parishes of East and Chipping Barnet, he was likewise rector of Monken 
Hadley. Hist, of Monken Hadley, p. 95 and seq. 



The Parish of JEast Bamet. 185 

There was as much curiosity respecting the authorship as about the letters of 
Junius in the next century. Out of numerous conjectures, Dorothy, lady 
Pakington, a the youngest (laughter of Lord Keeper Coventry, who married Sir 
John Pakington of Westwood, and archbishop Sterne," were considered the most 
likely persons to have written it. 

The first slab bears an inscription, beneath the coat of arms, — az. a chev. 
betw. three lions pass, or (Ingram, ), impaling, sa. on a cross engr. or five ogresses, 
a bordure engr. of the second (Grevill) : — 

In memory of Dame Mary Ingram Dav- 
ghter of S R Edward Grevil of Milcott 
in Warwickshire and wife to S r Arthvr 
Ingram the elder in Yorkeshire shee 
died the third day of May Anno D m 1661. 

Here under lyes the Cabinet in clay, 

Way tinge th' Archangels voyce at the last day, 

The iewells set in glory, 
Another Mary, (of this world bereft) 
Only the perfume of her workes are left 

And wee to tell her story. 
And if our Tongues speake not her lowdest prayse 
The Loynes o' the poore her worthy fame shall rayse. 

This lady, one of the seven daughters of Sir Edward Grevill, d of Milcote and 
Drayton, co. Warwick, by Joan, daughter of Sir Thomas Bromley, chancellor of 
England, was the third wife of Sir Arthur Ingrain, a wealthy Londoner, citizen 
and tallow-chandler, chosen sheriff 27 June, 1614, but declining to serve. He 

a Sister of the right hon. Henry Coventry, who for many years resided at West Lodge on Enfield 
Chase. Hist of Monhcn Hadley, 24. Burke's Peerage, titles Coventry and Hampton. Life in the 
English Church (16G0-17H) by J. H. Overton, M.A., rector of Epworth, p. 261 et seq 

b Richard Sterne, bp. of Carlisle 1660-1664 ; archbp. of York 1664-1683. 

c Papworth's Ordinary. The coat borne by the Ingrains, viscounts Irvine, was erm. on a fesse gu. 
three escallops or. Burke's Ext. Peerage ; General Armory. 

a Sir Edward had an only son, John, who d.v.p. unm. Overburdened with debt, he sold, with the 
consent of Sir Arthur Ingram, the whole of his estate to Lionel Cranfield, earl of Middlesex, and thus, 
says Collins, the elder branch of the Grevills became extinct. Collins' Peerage, iv. 336, 337, ed. of 1812. 
title Warwick. 



186 The Parish of East JBamet. 

was knighted at Theobalds 9 July 1613, and sworn Cofferer of the King's house- 
hold 25 Feb. 1614-5, being afterwards Secretary of the Council in the North." 
Having acquired Temple Newsam in Yorkshire, where he erected a fine mansion, 
he served as high-sheriff of that county in 1619. His grandson Henry Ingram, 
son of Sir Arthur Ingram, the younger, was created, 23 May 1661, viscount 
Irvine and baron Id gram, a title which became extinct in the person of Charles 
the 9th viscount, whose eldest daughter and co-heir, Isabella Anne Ingram," 
married Francis 2nd marquis of Hertford, K.G., and another, Elizabeth, Hugo 
Meynell, Esq., whose grandson, Hugo Francis Meynell-Ingram, is the present 
possessor of Temple Newsam. 

I have neither been able to discover the origin of Lady Mary's connection 
with East Barnet nor the place of her residence. For some reason or another 
Yorkshire seems about this time to have been strongly represented in the parish. 
In addition to lady Ingram herself, Mrs. Elizabeth Wickham, who died here in 
1659, was directly connected with the great northern county, whilst Thomas 
Belasyse, grandson and heir of Thomas first viscount Fauconberg, married his 
first wife, Mildred Saunderson, in the church, in 1651. It is noteworthy that 
notwithstanding the vicinity of London, where the history of that day would lead 
us to expect almost exclusively Parliamentary sympathies, each of the above 
names is more or less remotely identified with the losing cause. Mrs. Wickham's 
late husband had been archdeacon of York and one of the King's chaplains. 
Sir Thomas Ingram, a stepson of lady Mary, had suffered greatly for his loyalty 
and at the Restoration was made chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster. 

Lady Mary Ingram was buried at East Barnet 16 May, 1661, d and her will, 
dated the previous 12 March, e contains some singular provisions. She desires, 
in the first place, "to be buried in decent and handsome manner according 
to the discretion of my executors," and then, after various specific bequests, in- 

a Sir Arthur Ingram was admitted of the Society of Gray's Inn, 2 Feb. 1617-8. Douthwaite's Hist. 
of Gray's Inn, p. 205. 

b The lady Hertford, of George the Fourth's day; — la belle marquise, as Madame de Stael called 
her. Journal of Mary Frampton, 189 and note. 

c Remembrancia, City of London, p. 12, note 2, p. 462 ; Chester's Westm. Abbey Registers, 175. 
Burke's Peerage, title Hertford ; Markham's Life of Robert Fairfax, p. 34. 

d Par. Reg. 

c Pr. P.C.C. 6 July 1661 by Thomas Ingram knt, Edward Penel esq. and Richard Baldwin gent. 
Book May 91. 



The 'Parish of East Barnet. 187 

eluding £600 to her cousin a Edward Pennell, £400 and her house at Westminster 
to Sir Thomas Ingram, £50 a year for life to her servant Besse Baldwin, £60 a 
year for life to her true and good and faithful servant Richard Baldwin, £20 a 
year for life to his daughter Mary Baldwin, and £30 to Mistris Goodwin, besides 
mentioning Henry Ingram and his brother Arthur, continues, " I will be buried in 
that parish where it shall please God to call mee. I will not be opened, 
embalmed with seareclothes in a coffin with locks and keys, the keys putt into 
the grave with mee and a faire large stone laid over mee." The will terminates 
in the words of Elizabeth Eglesfield " her now chambermaid," which were most 
likely dictated; — " My Lady gave me charge to tell you &c My Ladies will must be 
opened very carefully with a hott Knife or a Candle." The endorsement runs, — 
" Within this is my last will for Baldwin to read to my whole familie and then to 
carry it to Sir Thomas Ingram, and to lett my Cozin Edward Pennell have notice 
given him with speed, Mary Ingram. This will was made this seaventeene day 
of December one thousand six hundred and sixtie." The date at the head of the 
inclosed will, 12 March 1660-1, may have been inserted afterwards. 

Upon the adjoining slab appears a shield of four quarterings; 1. Arg. a 
saltire sa. Baldwin. 2. Barry of six az. and arg. a chief erm. Wigley. 3. Gu. 
a chev. erm. betw. three eagles or. Child. 4. Per pale gu. and or a neur-de-lys 
counterchanged, Acheley. — Crest. A cockatrice arg. combed, ducally gorged and 
chained or. The inscription is, — 

HERE LYETH THE BODY' OF RICHARD BALDWIN ESQ. WHO DYED 
THE 12. DAY OF JULY. 1677, AGED 6G. h 

Mr. Baldwin, evidently a gentleman in standing, is shown, from from her will 
above quoted, to have held some office of charge in the service of lady Mary 
Ingram, a position not inconsistent with gentle birth in those and earlier times. 
The administration of a Richard Baldwin, of Chigwell co. Essex, was granted, 
5 Dec, 1677, to Elizabeth the relict. Prom the Visitation of Warwickshire in 
1619 we learn that Richard Baldwin, of the city of Coventry, (third son of 
William Baldwin of Booking co. Essex, merchant of the Staple) described as 
Clericus Mercati Hospitii Regis et totius regni Anglic, had by his wife Jane, 
daughter of John Penton of Coventry, a son and heir Richard who, in 1619, was 

a Her niece Margaret, daughter of Sir Edward Grevill, mar. Edward Pennell esq. Collins' Peerage, 
iv. 336. 

b Bur. 19 July 1677. Par. Peg. Chauncy's Herts, p. 499a. Hist, of Monhen Hadley, p. 29. 



188 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



seven years old, and was probably the persons in question, the date exactly 
corresponding with that on the memorial slab, and the armorial bearings being 
identicals 

Beside the preceding is the memorial of Mrs. Conyers, beneath the coat of 
arms, az. a mauch or differenced with a crescent; impaling, sa. a fesse betw. 
three asses pass, and summounted by two crests, a sinister wing gu. differenced 
as in the arms, for Conyers, and an ass's head erased, for Askew. 

IN MEMOKIE OF 
THE RELIGIOVS AND VERTVOVS 
M RS ISABELL CONYERS WIDOWE 
WHO, AFTER MORE THAN SEAVENTY 
& FIVE YERES IN THIS MORTALL LIFE, 

DEPARTED TO AN IMMORTALL, 
VPON Y E - FOWRETEEN 1 " 11 DAY OF MARCH 

1644. b 

We come next to the record of Mr. William Greene and Grace his wife, the 
inscription surmounted by the arms of Greene, impaling Gill, with the crests of 
both families. Az. three stags trippant or, impaling, arg. on a bend sa. three 
mullets pierced of the field, on a canton az. a lion pass. or. Crests. A stag's head 
erased for Greene, a falcon's head az. winged or, for GUI. 



THE BODY OF WILLIAM GREENE ESQ : 

IS HERE INTERRED. FOR ABOVE 13 YERES 

TOGETHER BEFORE HIS DEATH HE LIVED 

IN THIS PARISH, RELIGIOVSLY, 

CONSCIENTIOVSLY, LOVINGLY, 
AND FORWARD TO ALL PIOVS WORKS. 
HEERE ALSO HE DYED QVIETLY AND 
CHRISTIANLY, THE 6 DAY OF IVNE 1645 
& IN THE SIXTYE EIGHT YERE OF HIS AGE, 
LAMENTED BY HIS WIDOW, AND THREE 
DAVGHTERS, AND MISSED BY ALL WHO 
CONVERSED WITH HIM, SPETIALLY 

BY HIS POORE NEIGHBORS. 

a Harl. Soc. Pub. Visitation of War wide shire, 1619, p. 377. 

b Isabell Conyers, widow of Thomas Conyers esq., died on Friday 14 March 1644, and was buried in 
the chancel on Wednesday 19 March. Par. Peg. See supra p. 58, pedigree of Conyers and Berkeley, 
where a different coat is assigned to Askew. 






The Parish of East Barnet. 189 

HERE IS ALSO INTERED THE BODY OP M ns GRACE GREENE 
WIFE OP THE ABOVE NAMED WILLI GREENE ESQ : 
SHE LIVED BELOVED AND DYED BEWAILED OP ALL 
THAT KNEW HER ESPECIALLY THE POORE AND 
ON THE 4 T " DAY OP IANVARY 1685 DEPARTED 

THIS LIFE IN THE 87 Tn YEARE OP HER AGE 
& THE 41 th OP HER WIDOWHOOD. 

Upon the adjoining slab to the south is the inscription, with the arms in a 
lozenge .... an escutcheon within an orle of mullets, impaling .... on a chev. 
.... three roses .... — 

HERE LYETH THE BODY 
OP ELIZABETH WICKHAM 
LATE WIFE OF HENRY 
WICKHAM D u OP DIVINITY 
APRILL 21. 

This lady, the daughter of Sir .... Browne, of .... in co. Essex knt. was 
the second wife of Henry Wickham, D.D., archdeacon 1 of York and prebendary of 
the cathedral, who died 2 July, 161-1. He was the son of William Wickham, 
bishop of Lincoln b and afterwards of Winchester, and was chaplain to Charles 
the First. He married first, Annabella daughter of Sir Henry Cholmley, of 
Thorneton co. York bar 1 , and Tobias, his eldest son by this marriage, rector of 
Bolton Percy, became dean of York 31 March 1677. It would be interesting to 
know the circumstances which led Mrs. Wickham to East Barnet. In her nun- 
cupative will, c certified as uttered on the 15 April 1659, in the presence of her 
niece Mary Browne and Anne Milner, she is described as of this place, but there 
is no other clue, though she is found here, as has been said, in conjunction with 
others connected with Yorkshire. To the poor of East Barnet she gives £5 and 
mentions her cousin Maleverer, to whom is left " a satten petticoate," her son 
Henry's wife, Anthonina Jenkins her husband's daughter, and the said Mary 
Browne and Anne Milner. 

a Collated 20 March 1C23-4. Le Neve; Surtees Soc. Pub. xxxvi. 150; Dugdale's Visit, of York- 
shire, 1G65. 

b Consecr. 6 Dec. 1584; transl. to Winchester 1595 ; d. 11 June 1595. 

Admin.c. T. P. C. C. granted 28 May 1659 to Henry and Barlow Wickham, the sons. Book Pell 2SG. 

2 B 



190 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Upon slabs on the central floor of the nave are the inscriptions : 

Here lieth Interred the Body of Francis Noble Esquier of this 
Parish, who Died the 8 th of July 1789, Aged 76 Years. Also 
Betty his Wife, who Died the 7 : of September 1787 Aged 62 Years. 8 

Thomas Boehm of London, Mercer, Died July 28 th 1770 Aged 62." 
and the following, now nearly illegible : 

Here lie the remains of Thomas Plukenett, c esq. who died 21 st 
July 1772, aged 62 years. Anne Maria Fa well, daughter of George 
Fawell and Letititia Eleanor Fa well, and grand-daughter of the 
above Thomas Plukenett, died April 21 st 1777, aged 3 years. Hannah, 
the elder daughter of Thomas Plukenett esq. wife of Ambrose Nickson, 
esq. died Feb 3 d 1780. d 

Amongst the mural tablets, taken in chronological order, in consequence of 
the late alterations in the church, are : 

After a long period 
of Military service in several parts of Asia, Here in the 
adjoining Churchyard at last rest in peace the Remains of 
Lieu' Colonel Isaac Eaton, who died in London 

a Betty Noble, wife of Mr. Francis Noble, was bur. 11 Sep. 1787, and Mr. Francis Noble 13 July 
1789. Par. Eeg. Adm. of Francis Noble, of Finch Lane in the parish of St. Benet Fink, London, but 
late of Southgate in the parish of Edmonton, co. Midd. and of East Barnet, co. Herts, deceased, was 
granted P.C.C. 7 Aug. 1789, to David Noble, the son. 

b Described in the Bur. Reg. as of Stoke Newington, 5 Aug. 1770. His widow was interred near 
the Font, 22 Nov. 1791. The will of Martha Boehm. of Sunbury, Midd. widow, was pr. P.C.C. 31 Dec. 
1791, by Boger Boehm esq. the son. Book Bevor 561. 

c Described in the Reg. as Thomas Pluckenet Gent, of Great Ealing, Middlesex and bur. 1 Aug. 
1772. In his will, in which he is described as of "Ealing, otherwise Zealing, gent." dated 27 June and 
pr. P.C.C. 6 Aug. 1772 (Book Tavern er 304), he mentions Annabella his wife, and his two daughters, 
Hannah and Letitia Eleonora, to the former of whom he leaves his messuage &c, at Barnet, for ever. 

a From the Reg. it appears that she lived at the Clock House and was bur. 16 Feb. Admin, of 
Hannah Nickson (formerly Pluckenett) late of East Barnet, was gr. to Ambrose Nickson, the husband, 19 
Sep. 1780. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 191 

on the 20 th day of Feb^ 1789 in the 45 th year of his Age. 
Terminating with a resigned, yet steady fortitude that 
Life which ho had passed with honour. 
He was attended to the grave by many of his Brother Officers 
and other affectionate Friends, 
who gratefully offer this mournful tribute 
in Memorial of his friendly Disposition 
his Benevolence and his Worth. 

Arms beneath : — Erm. a lion ramp. az. Crest : — Out of a ducal coronet a demi-griffin, 
holding in the dexter claw a sword in bend. Motto : — Gloria et Honor. 

The will of his father Aaron Eaton sen r of the parish of S l . James' Clerken- 
well, gent. — buried at East Barnet, as of S. John's Clerkenwell, 26 May, 1780, a 
— is dated 19 Dec. 1779. He desires to be buried at East Barnet, and makes 
mention of Elizabeth, bis wife, of bis sons Aaron and Isaac, of bis daughter 
Phoebe Andrews, b and of his grandson Thomas Andrews. 

Underneath lie the Remains of the Reverend Cecil Taylor 
a.b. Rector of Bennimjton and Raithby in Lincolnshire, who 
died April 6 th 1800, Aged 55 years. 

We learn from the register that be was interred within the Rector's Pew on 
the south side of the Chancel, 14 Apr. 1800. 

To the Memory of Jacob Baker Esq 1 ' late of this Parish, who 
died the 9th of June 1802, in the 55 th year of his Age. d 

Near this place e are deposited the Remains of Sarah, Late Wife 

of John Corpe, of Chipping Barnet, Surgeon. She died the 27 th of 

March 1803 in the 54 th year of Her Age. 

Arms. Or, a bugle-horn stringed sa. impaling, gu. a chev. engr. betw. three mullets arg. 

a 31 May 1780. Admin, c. T. granted to Elizabeth Eaton the widow. 

b She must have married a second time. G March 1804, bur. at East Barnet Mrs. Phoebe Penny, 
sister to the late Col. Eaton. Par. Peg. 
c B.A. Trin. Coll. Cambridge. 1769. 
a Vide supra, p. 134. 
e The south wall of the chancel. She ^Yas bur. 3 Apr. 1803. Par. Peg. 

2 b 2 



192 The Parish of East Barnet. 

A tablet on the wall of Chipping Barnet church records the death of her 
daughter, Ann Taylor Corpe, who died suddenly 20 July, 1804, aged 21, & of 
John Corpe, esq. her husband, 30 Nov. 1809, aged 63, both of whom were buried 
in that church, where there is also a memorial to another daughter of the same, 
Sarah relict of William Lloyd, surgeon of Barnet, who died 21 July 1838, 
aged 52. 

UNDERNEATH LIE THE REMAINS OF THE REVEREND BENJAMIN 
UNDERWOOD A.M. RECTOR OP THIS PARISH AND OP ST MARY ABCHURCH 
LONDON AND PREBENDARY OP ELY, "WHO DIED SEPTEMBER 14 th 1815, 
AGED 79 YEARS. 

Two oval tablets on the north wall under the gallery. On the upper : — 

IN THE FAMILY VAULT IN THE CHURCH YARD ARE DEPOSITED THE REMAINS 
OP LIEUT. GENERAL SIR GEORGE PREVOST, BARONET, OP BELMONT IN THE 
COUNTY OF SOUTHAMPTON, (ELDEST SON OP MAJOR GENERAL AUGUSTIN 
PREVOST) GOVERNOR GENERAL AND COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE BRITISH 
FORCES IN NORTH AMERICA. HE DIED IN LONDON ON THE 5 th OF JANUARY 1816. 
TO PERPETUATE HIS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE WORTH A MONUMENT HAS BEEN 
ERECTED TO HIS MEMORY IN THE CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF WINCHESTER BY HIS 
AFFLICTED WIDOW." 

On the lower tablet : — 

IN THE FAMILY VAULT IN THE CHURCHYARD ARE DEPOSITED THE REMAINS OP 
CATHERINE ANNE rEEVOST, b WIDOW OF LIEUT. GENERAL SIR GEORGE PREVOST, BARONET. 

a Erected in 1819. The inscription states that " by his wise and energetic measures and with a 
very inferior force he preserved the Canadas to the British Crown," and adds that His Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent, "to evince in an especial manner the sense he entertained of his distinguished conduct 
and services during a long period of constant active employment in stations of great trust, both military 
and civil, was pleased to ordain as a lasting memorial of His Majesty's royal favour, that the names of 
the countries vhere his courage and abilities had been most signally displayed, the "West Indies and 
Canada, should be inscribed on the banners of the supporters granted to be borne by his family and 
descendants." The Yen. Sir George Prevost, 2nd bart. son of the preceding, archdeacon of Gloucester, 
mar. a sister of the Rev. Isaac Williams, fell, of Trim Coll. Oxford, one of the leaders in the Oxford, or 
Tractarian, movement, whose candidature for the Professorship of Poetry, when the Rev. James Garbett 
of B. N. C. and Clayton Sussex, was elected at the beginning of 1S42, became one of the crises in the 
history of the movement. See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. 

b Daughter of Major-Gen. John Phipps, R. E. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 193 

SHE DIED AT HER SEAT, BELMONT NEAR HAVANT, ON THE 1 st OF AUGUST 1821, 
IN THE FIFTY-FIFTH YEAR OF HER AGE, AFTER A LINGERING ILLNESS OF NEARLY 
FIVE YEARS BROUGHT ON BY AFFLICTION FOR THE LOSS OF HER INVALVABLE 
HUSBAND. 

On the south wall, under the tower, are two small oval tablets. 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF M RS ALICE PAGE (RELICT OF THE LATE JOHN PAGE 
EQ RE ) WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE ON THE 17 th OF OCTOBER 1822, IN HER 68 th 
YEAR. THIS TABLET WAS ERECTED BY HER NIECE AS A TRIBUTE OF RESPECTFUL 
ESTEEM TO A MOST SINCERE FRIEND AND AMIABLE COMPANION. 

This Tablet is erected to the Memory of John Page esq e late of 
this Parish and of Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, who departed 
this Life on the I5th of November 1817, setatis suae 73. 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF REAR ADMIRAL HENRY WARRE, WHO WAS FOR 
MANY YEARS AN INHABITANT OF THIS PARISH ; HE DIED ON THE 22 ND OF 
NOVEMBER 1826 IN THE 73 RD YEAR OF HIS AGE. 

Captain, afterwards rear-admiral, Henry Warre, a brother of Mr. John Henry 
Warre of Belmout, a lived for many years at Grenada Cottage, now called The 
Grange, and was appointed churchwarden in the year 1800. He gave the name 
to his residence in memory of an episode of his active days afloat. When in 
command of H.M.S. Mermaid he had captured off Requin on the coast of 
Grenada, in South America, 10 Oct. 1795, two French vessels of war, the Brutus, 
re-named the Warre by the legislature of Grenada, and the Republican. Eor 
this service he received, upon his departure for Martinique, the acknowledgments 
of the President, Council and Inhabitants, at S 1 George's, on the 19 Nov. 1795, 
and a few years later, in July 1799, was presented with a piece of plate bearing a 
suitable inscription commemorative of the achievement. 13 

DAVID WILLIAM GARROW, D.D. LATE RECTOR OF THIS PARISH, DIED APRIL 
THE 11 th 1827. AGED 45 YEARS. 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF THOMAS WYATT ESQ E OF WILLENHALL HOUSE 
IN THIS PARISH, AND OF WILLENHALL IN THE COUNTY OF WARWICK WHO DIED 

a Vide supra, p. 148. b Mr. Underwood's notes. 



194 The Parish of East Barnet. 

APRIL 6 TK 1834 AGED 51 YEAES : HIS REMAINS ARE DEPOSITED IN THE FAMILY 
VAULT IN THE ADJOINING CHURCH YARD. 

ALSO OF ELIZABETH, WIDOW OF THE ABOVE, WHO DIED AT S T WILFRIDS, 
CUCKFIELD, IN THE COUNTY OF SUSSEX, 12 th MAY 1867, AGED 74. 

Arms. Az. on a chev. erm. betw. three lions ramp, or, a bee ppr. betw. 
two bezants; on a chief arg. three horse-shoes sa. ; impaling, 
arg. on a bend cotised sa. three lozenges erm. for Reeves. 
Motto, Suivez raison. 

TO THE MEMORY OF ROSE, THE BELOVED WIFE OF R. BLAKE BYASS ESQ R 
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE DECEMBER 30 Tn 1838 AGED 30 YEARS. DEEPLY 
AND SINCERLEY REGRETTED/ 1 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF SELINA AUGUSTA BLANC, WIFE OF THE HON BLE 
WILLIAM BLANC, ATTORNEY GENERAL AND PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL, FOR 
THE ISLAND OF DOMINICA, IN THE WEST INDIES, WHO DIED ON THE 29 th 

december 1839, aged 43 years. 1 ' 

sacred to the memory of anne relict of the late richard nicholl esq e of 
greenhill grove, in this county ; who departed this life at her residence at 
tunbridge wells on the 26 tu of november 1862, aged 85. 

to the memory of george harvey elwin second son of the 
late eev n thomas henry elwin, formerly rector of this parish, 
born 31 st august 1823, died 15 th October 1876. 
this tablet is erected by his friends in the london and south 
western railway company, as a remembrance of his long 
and intimate connection with them, and in testimony of 
their sincere regard. 



The writer of this book cannot forbear a brief personal tribute to the memory 
of the above gentleman, who was the earliest friend of his boyhood, and whose 
sterling integrity would have qualified him for a much higher position in life 

a Youngest daughter of Mr. Nicholl, of Greenbill Grove. 

b Mrs. Blanc, a sister of Mrs. Elwin, wife of the Rev. T. H. Elwin, came to England with her family 
in delicate health, and lived at The Clock House (then divided into two houses), where she died. Henry 
Savage Elwin, eldest son of the rector, went out to his relatives in Dominica early in 1838, and there died a 
few months later of yellow fever. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 195 

than it was his fortune to fill. He was interred in the vault with his parents, to 
the left on entering the churchyard, upon which the initials and dates alone 
mark their resting place. 



THE CHUBCHYARD. 



Prom the floor of the church there is an ascent by several steps to the 
churchyard, shewing that, during the lapse of centuries its level has become 
sensibly raised. It contains few memorials of much antiquity. In their 
successive generations, Rolfes and Hardwickes and Colemans were no doubt laid 
to rest in that quarter of the inclosure to which the remains of their ancestors — 
their fore-elders, a according to the good old Yorkshire phrase still current in the 
East Hiding — had been previously consigned. A survivor of that day, standing 
within the quiet precints, — the God's acre, which concealed " his dead," — in 
adopting the beautiful words of the French poet, might have reflected that the 
moist earth around him 

A dejci toutes nos racines 

Et quelques- uncs de nos flours. 1 ' 

A churchyard is at all times a seed-bed of reflection, and especially the 
secluded churchyard of a village. In a town burial place, full of pomp and 
circumstance, temporal associations can hardly fail of obtruding themselves, but 
a village churchyard, with its tottering, defaced and half-buried stones, and 
undistinguishable hillocks, only suggests thoughts of mutability and progress 
towards the unknown. There is an eloquence in its testimony to the transitori- 
ness of all earthly objects. It speaks of the forgotten dead, gone hence without 
leaving any trace of their passage through time to eternity. The brook eddying 
through the valley, the undulations of the surrounding district, the treeclad 
heights, even the venerable house of prayer, still remain under the eyes of living 

8 The expression is in use amongst the Germans. In the cloister of the Collegiate Church (Stifts 
Kirche) at Lucerne is a memorial of some who rest bei ihren voreltern u anverwandten. 
'' Victor Hugo. Chants du Crepuscule. 



196 The Parish of East Barnet. 

men, as of those who dwelt here centuries ago, but of the conscious and reflecting 
beings, who toiled and sorrowed and knew their seasons of brief or intermittent 
joy amid these scenes, no record survives — at most, a name. As the poet again 
sadly sings : 

l'heure est courte, et tout fuit promptement ; 

L'urne est vite remplie ! 
Le noeucl de Fame au corps, helas ! a tout moment 
Dans l'ombre se delie! a 

Mr. Cussans, in the History of Hertfordshire, has enumerated some of the 
monuments. It may be sufficient, therefore, to mention the names of the 
Richardsons, the Kingstons, the Ashhursts, the Thomlinsons and Longs, the 
Edgecombes, the Wyatts, the Nicholls and the Knotts, and to chiefly restrict the 
notices in the present work to others omitted by him. The churchyard at the 
present day has a somewhat desolate aspect. Many of the older monuments 
appear to be altogether uncared for, for the obvious reason that any direct interest 
in them has long since reached its term. In sundry instances the bricks and 
stonework have been only held together by the masses of interlacing ivy in which 
they have become enshrounded, whilst the inscriptions can only be arrived at by 
a forcible removal of the parasitic growth. Contrasted with the decorous order 
of our modern cemeteries and graveyards, the contemplation awakens depressing 
reflections. 

An altar-tomb close to the path, as one approaches the church from the 
lich-gate erected in 1871, and between which and the vestry intervenes the 
monument of the Sharpes of Little Grove and South Lodge with its canopied urn, 
demands attention on account of the provisions of which it was made the subject. 
It is inscribed with the names of John Duprie, b merchant, who died 17 Aug. 
1734, in his 59th year, of Esther Euller, late wife of John Puller of Red Lion 
Square, and sister of John Duprie, who died 30 Aug. 1734, aged 75, of Esther 
Fuller, who died 5 July 1754, and of Millicent Matthews, who died 1 May 1771. 
John Euller, of St. Andrew's Holborn, esq. whose brother Thomas Euller D.D. 

a Chants du Crepuscide. 

b Will pr. P.C.C. as citizen and haberdasher of London, 15 Aug. 1734, by his nieces Hester and 
Millicent Fuller. Book Ockham 179. 

c Buried in the chancel at Hatfield. Will pr. P.C.C. 27 May 1712, by his son-in-law, Sir Thomas 
Sarnwell, bart. Book Barnes 89. Arms. Arg. three bars and a canton gu. Clutterbuck's Herts, ii. S6G. 



«; 




The Parish of East Barnet. 197 

was rector of Hatfield, made his will, 23 March 1736-7, a desiring to be buried 
"in the same vault with my Wife, Esther Fuller, and in the same manner, in the 
churchyard of East Barnet," and dividing his property between his daughters 
Hester and Millicent. The latter became subsequently the second wife of 
admiral Thomas Matthews, 6 commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean and M.P. 
In February 1744-5 he attacked the Spanish fleet but, being on bad terms with 
his second in command (Lestock), who disregarded his signals, a victory was lost. 
Both were tried by court martial and Matthews cashiered. It is fortunate that 
he escaped the fate reserved for Byng a few years later, and the sentence has 
been pronounced unjust. Horace Walpole, in a letter to Sir Horace Mann, 
Arlington St. March 29, 1745, a writes, " The King is in as bad humour as a 
monarch can be ; he wants to go abroad, and is detained by the Mediterranean 
affair . . . all I know of what is just come out is, as it was stated by a 
Scotch member the other day, ' that there had been one (Matthews) with a bad 
head, another (Lestock) with a worse heart, and four (captains of the inactive 
ships) with no heart at all.' " 

The admiral, who died at his residence near Harrow, describes himself in his 
will, G Jan. 1749, as of St. George's Bloomsbury, and refers to the settlement 
with his late wife Henrietta, dated 9 Jan. 170G, bequeathing to his son, 
major Thomas Matthews, " my diamond ring I wear, which was left me by my 
grandfather Sir Thomas Armstrong, 1 who requested that it might never go out 
of our family but to be kept in memory of the donor King William the Third 
of ever glorious memory." Miss Hester Euller made her will, 27 Nov. 
1753, devising her lands at Sandon and Springfield in Essex to her sister for 
life, with remainder to her cousin John Olmius and his heirs, charged 
with the payment of £8 per ann. to the rector and churchwardens of 
East Barnet for the use of the poor for ever, provided that, should the 
vault require it, they give notice, after her sister's death, to John Olmius 

a Buried 5, and will pr. P.C.C. 6 Apr. 1737, by Lis daughter Hester, sole executrix. Book 
Wake 83. 

b Born 1G31. His father was governor of the Windward Islands. Biog. Univ. 

c Hist, of the British Navy, by Charles Duke Yonge, M.A. i. 203-214 ; Eussell's Modern Europe, 
iii. 195, 204. 

a Letters of Horace Walpole, i. 55, ed. C. D. Yonge, M.A. 

c Buried at East Barnet 11 Oct. and his will pr. r.C.C. 25 Oct. 1751. Book Busby 288; Biog. 
Univ. 

1 Burke's Peerage, Armstrong of Gallen ; Landed Gentry, Armstrong of Ballycumber. 

2c 



198 The Parish of East Barnet. 

or the person in possession to repair the same. No one, with the exception 
of her sister, is to be interred in the vault, for which she records that a 
faculty had been given " to myself and sister, by the name of Milicent Puller, 
by the Right Rev. the Bishop of London." Among numerous bequests, she 
leaves to Thomas Matthews, grandson of her late brother in law, "the original 
picture of his late grandfather, drawn by Arnulphus in the year 1742, in the 
Mediterranean, when he commanded the fleet there, my sister nevertheless to 
have the picture during her life," and she directs that her " Body may be 
interr'd in a Lead Coffin and that in another Coffin cover'd with black cloth with 

no other inscription thereon than my name only to be convey'd 

thither from whatever place I shall die in a Hearse drawn by six Horses 
unadorn'd with Escutcheons or other ornaments frequent at funerals, follow'd by 
two mourning Coaches with six Horses each to carry such of my servants as my 
Sister shall direct to attend my funeral." The testatrix was buried at East 
Barnet 2 July 1754. a 

John Olmius esq. b of New Hall, near Chelmsford, created baron Waltham in 
the peerage of Ireland, predeceased Mrs. Matthews in Sep. 1762. That lady was 
buried 10 May 1771. In her will, c made the same month, she confirms her 
sister's dispositions and desires that, after her own interment, the stairs leading 
down into the vault shall be taken away and the entrance bricked up ; which 
was accordingly done. To lord Waltham d she leaves £500, and to his sister the 
hon. Elizabeth Luttrell, wife of the hon. John Luttrell, e £1,000. To her 
servant Peter Johnson, who is "to take into his custody and likewise to take 
care of my Parrot from the time of my decease, as long as the said Parrot shall 
live," £10 per ann. is allowed for the bird's keep, and should the said parrot 
outlive the said Johnson, the latter is to have power in his lifetime to nominate 
his successor, who shall receive the £10 for the keep of the parrot. Priscilla 

a Will pr. P.C.C. 4 July 1754. Book Pinfold 195. 

h Heir to his uncle, Drigue Olmius, of Wanstead, co. Essex, esq. of an ancient family from Arlon, in 
the duchy of Luxembourg, who d. 21 March 1753,^" immensely rich." Gent's Mag. vol. 23, p. 148. His 
will was pr. P.C.C. 3 Apr. 1753. Book Searle 117. Lysons describes his monument in the south aisle of 
Woodford church, iv. 277 and note 30. Cf. iv. 284. 

c Pr. P.C.C. 6 May 1771, by Priscilla Armstrong spr. sole executrix. Book Trevor 217. She is 
described as of St. Mary-le-bone, widow. 

d Drigue Billers Olmius, 2nd and last lord Waltham, d. s.p. 1787. Burke's Ext. Peerage. 

e Afterwards 3rd earl of Carhampton. Burke's Ext. Peerage. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 199 

Armstrong, daughter of the late General Armstrong, she constitutes residuary 
legatee. 

The vault was kept in becoming repair down to 1794, at which time the 
rector and churchwardens had forgotten that they were entitled to the annuity. 
In June of that year, having awakened to a sense of their rights, notice was duly 
served at New Hall and the arrears asked for. A legal opinion pronounced that 
they were not entitled to recover, the annuity being a rent-charge issuing out of 
lands, and rendered void by the late Statute of Mortmain. 

On a flat stone between this monument and that of the Sharpe family is an 
inscription to the memory of Evan Jones, a native of Montgomeryshire, during 
many years servant to Richard Richardson esq. of Enfield Chace and previously 
to his uncle John Richardson, who died 11 Sep. 1742, aged 76. b 

The initials E. E. E. (Eliza Eleonora Elwin), upon a flat stone inclosed within 
a high railing, mark the resting-place of the Elwins, and not far distant, — 

In loving Memory of 

Sigismimd James Stern, 

who died at Little Grove, East Barnet, 

the 11 th of May 1885, aged 77 years. 

Perhaps the oldest extant memorials in the churchyard are the three altar 
tombs of the Hadley family, ranged side by side to the east of the church, now 
fast decaying, but held together by the thick ivy which has encompassed them 
in its folds. Protected by this parasite the inscriptions and coats of arms are in 
a state of unusual preservation, considering the lapse of time. 

Arms .... two chevronels .... betw. three falcons with bells round their legs .... 
Hadley and, on an escutcheon of pretence, .... a dolphin emboweel . . . . ; impaling 
the same coat. Fitzjames. 

Here lye the bodies of 
George Hadley, of this Parish, esq. 
and Katherine his wife. 

a General John Armstrong, a distinguished soldier and engineer; founder of tlie Royal Arsenal at 
"Woolwich. Burke's Baronetage.. 
b Vide supra, 105, ]0G. 

2c 2 



200 The Parish of East Barnet. 

She was the youngest daughter and 

coheiress of John Fitzjames 
of Leweston, in the County of Dorset, 
knt. and died on the 18 th day of November, 

A Dni MDCCXII, aged 57 years. 
He died on the 21 st day of January, 

A Dni MDCCXXYIII, aged 79. 

They were buried here by their 
own desire." 

Arms .... three cocks . . . . on a chief .... a rose .... betw. two ostrich feathers 
.... Cox, impaling Hadley. 

In memory of Elizabeth, second wife of John Cox of 
London merchant, and daughter of George Hadley 
esq. of this parish, who died the 9 th of February, 1720, 
aged 33 years, and left one son, Hadley Cox. 

Arms. Quarterly, 1 & 4 Hadley, 2 and 3 Fitzjames, impaling .... three crescents ..... 
on a canton .... a ducal coronet, Hodges. Crest, A falcon. 

John Hadley, of East Barnet, esq. dyed the 14 th of February, 1743, aged 
61 years. Here also lies the body of Elizabeth Hadley, relict of the 
said John Hadley, who died the 15 th of September 1752. 

Within the same inclosure, north of the church, are five obelisks in a row, to 
the memory, with one exception, of the Grove family. 

1. The Rev. Samuel Grove, LL.B. rector of this parish, died February 19 th 1769, aged 71. 

2. Martha, widow of the late Rev. Samuel Grove, died 4 th April, 1789, aged 79. 

3. Martha Grove, Spinster, only daughter of the Rev. Samuel Grove & Martha, his wife, 
died 24 th June 1794, aged 60. 

John Grove, eldest son of John Grove, formerly of Bethnal Green co. Middlesex, died at 
Tottenham 27 October 1861, aged 90. 

4. Martha, only daughter of the undermentioned John & Elizabeth Grove, and widow of 
John Jaques, formerly of Stamford Hill, Middlesex, who died at Boulogne sur Mer, 
6 th February 1846, departed this life 19 th January 1849, aged 66 years. 

a Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 154. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 201 

John Grove, of Bethnal Green, died December 25 th 1819, aged 77. 
Elizabeth, his wife, died March 18 th 1825, aged 79. 
5. The Eev. D r Francis White, Canon residentiary and Chancellor of Wells, and rector of 
Christian Malford, co. Wilts, died 3 rd October 1755, aged 57. Candidus ecce fui, lector, 
tu candidus esto. a 

In the north-east corner stands the elaborate monument of Sir Simon 
Haughton Clarke, formerly approached by a shrubbery, which skirted the church- 
yard along its northern side, and in recent times has been included within it. It 
was so placed that it might be visible from the windows of Oak Hill, and was 
reported at the time to have cost the large sum of £1,000. Upon its face are the 
arms of Clarke, Gu. three swords erect in pale arg. hilted or, of James* Az. on 
a chev. betw. three lions pass, guard, erm. as many escallops gu. and other shields 
bearing quarterings, as in the hatchments that were formerly above the pew on 
the north side of the chancel. Sunken panels contain the inscriptions : — 

Sir Simon Haughton Clarke IX th Baronet of his family died at Oak Hill in this Parish 

the XXVIII th of August MDCCCXXXII in the LXVII th Year of his Age. 
Catharine Haughton, Widow of Sir Simon Haughton Clarke, Bar 1 of Oak Hill, East Barnet 

in the County of Herts, died XIII th August MDCCCXXXVII, Aged xliii Years. 
Catharine Haughton, Eldest daughter of Sir Simon and Lady Clarke died XV August, 

MDCCCXXXVIII, Aged xxiii Years. 
John Haughton Clarke, died in London the vij th of January MDCCCXXVII, in the vij th 

Year of his Age. 

Major General Augustin Prevost, of Greeenhill Grove, who died 4 May 1786, 
ret. 63, lies buried to the south-east of the church, where there is a lengthy 
inscription upon his monument. By birth a native of Geneva, he entered 
the British service in 1756 in the rank of major, becoming colonel of the 
2nd Battalion of the 60th Foot, and rising to the rank of major-general. His 
active military career terminated in 1779,° with the defence of Savannah in 

a Son of Henry White, of Oxford (city) gent, matric. from Oriel Coll. 26 May 1715, aged 17 ; B.A. 
1718 ; M. A. (from Morton) 1721 ; B.D. and D.D. 1733, and, the same year, rector of Christian Malford ; 
prebendary of Wells 1750. In liis will, dated 12 Jan. 1755 (pr. P.C.C. 3 Dec. 1755, by Anne White, 
widow. Book Paul 331) he desires to be buried at the place where he shall die. 

b Sir Simon Clarke mar. 9 Apr. 1814, his god-daughter, Catharine, daughter of John Haughton 
James esq. of Jamaica. 

c Lond. Gazette, Tues. 20 Apr. 1779; Genfs Mag. 



202 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



Georgia, where he commanded. He married Anne, daughter of the chevalier 
Grand, of Amsterdam, who died in Oct. 1809, aged 67. Mrs. Prevost's situation 
during the siege of Savannah is described in Madame de la Pite's Lettres et 
Dialogues? from Mrs. Prevost's own communication. 

Near this monument is that of Julia, daughter of the Rev. Dr. De Chair, b 
rector of Little Risington co. Glouc. vicar of Horley and Hornton, co. Oxf. and 
chaplain in ordinary to the King, who died 16 Nov. 1793, aged 29. The epitaph 
in verse was written by a Mr. Jerningham. Her brother married a daughter of 
Dr. Beauvoir, whose 2nd wife was Miss Sharpe of South Lodge. Her mother, 
Mrs. Julia De Chair, a daughter of Sir William Wentworth Bt. was buried in 
the same vault, 23 June 1802. 

South of the church we find : — Mary Moore, wife of John Moore gent, and 
daughter of the Rev. Mr. Isaac Sympson, rector of Laycock, Wilts, died August 
6, 1730, in her 54th year. Also John Moore, gent, died Sept. 1746, 
aged 71. 

Arms .... a swan .... Moore ; impaling .... a crescent .... on a chief three 
crescents, Sympson. Crest, a goshawk, wings addorsed, preying on a coney. The will 
of John Moore, of Brentford, gent, dated 11 Sep. 1742, in which he desires to be buried 
in the vault where his late wife, Mary Moore, lies, was pr. P.C.C. 7 Oct. 1746, c by 
Dorothy Dorrington Moore, alias Dorrington Moore, the relict. 

Close to the north wall of the nave and the Sharpe monument is a flat stone 
with inscription to the memory of James Charles Booth esq. of Lincoln's Inn, 
who died 14 January 1778, aged 74. Lysons calls him "an eminent convey- 
ancer" and Mr. Underwood writes "a papist" against his name. In his will/ 1 
dated 27 June 1771, he mentions his wife, his brothers Edward Rudhall Booth 
and William Booth, his sister Barbara Booth, his niece Elizabeth Pye and his 
nephew John Pye, " only surviving son of Charles Pye esq. late of The Mynde 
co. Hereford by my sister Mary his wife." There is also a legacy of 200 guineas 



a ii. 400-408. Paris 1787. 

b John de Chair, son of Edw. of Kentish Town Midd. cler. Oriel Coll. matric. 6 Apr. 1747, aged 18 ; 
B.A. 1750; M.A. 1753 ; B. and D.C.L. 1758. Alumni Oxon. Foster. 

c Book Edmunds 302. Dorothy Dorrington Moore was bur. at East Barnet 31 March 1763. 

A Pr. P.C.C. 29 Jan. 1778. BookHay 8. James Booth esq. of St. Clement Danes, London, was 
bur. 21 Jan. 1778. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 203 

to Josua Sharpe esq. of Lincoln's Inn, whom he names as a trustee. Above the 
inscription are the arms : . . . . three boars' heads erect and erased. On an 
escutcheon of pretence, .... a pheon .... on a bordure .... eight tor- 
teaux.' 1 Crest, a demi St. Catharine couped at the knees and crowned, in the 
dexter hand a Catharine wheel, in the sinister a sword, the point downwards. 

East of the church, and saved from crumbling to pieces by the ivy, are the 
monuments of the Mawsons. 

Here lyeth the Body of Katherine, the wife of Charles Mawson esq. 

Chester Herald, of this parish. She departed this life the 15th 

day of May 1718, aged 72 years. 

And near unto the said Katherine lyes the body of the said 

Charles Mawson esq. first, secondly Rouge 

Croix Pursuivant in A 1G85-6, and lastly Chester Herald 

of Arms in A 1689 to anno 1720, av hen he surrender'd. 

He departed this life the 5 th of January 1722-3 in the 

77 lh year of his age, at his house in the parish of 

East Barnet aforesaid, very much lamented by his 

neighbours there. 

On the adjacent tomb wc read, — Margaret Mawson died Nov. 10, 1755. 



a These were the arms granted to John Sharpe D.D. archhishop of York, and his bro. Josua Sharp, 
citizen and leather-seller, sheriff of London, knighted at Windsor, 30 Dec. 1713. Le Neve. 



1>01 



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The Parish of East Barnet. 205 



THE HECTORS. 

Previous to the Reformation, the presentation to the united benefices lay 
with the Abbey of St. Albans, which, in the earliest times, probably supplied 
the spiritual needs of a sparse and ignorant population by clergy specially sent 
over for the purpose as occasion required. In process of time, as inhabitants 
multiplied, the cure was doubtless served after a more regular and permanent 
fashion. It has been commonly received, and indeed there are evidences, that 
East Barnet was regarded as the mother church, and Chipping Barnet as a 
chapelry, but indications are not wanting that the rector was sometimes resident 
in the one parish and sometimes in the other. It will never perhaps be estab- 
lished with certainty whether the question was regulated by any fixed arrange- 
ment, or whether successive incumbents simply followed their individual caprice, 
preference, interests, or sense of obligation. There is an equal impossibility of 
forming a connected list of the early rectors, and we must be satisfied with 
scattered notices occasionally to be met with ; in the number or which will be 
reckoned their frequent appearances as the witnesses of wills, a testimony the 
more valuable as shewing that they were to be found at their post. 

The first, of whom we have any precise information, is William Asshurst, a — 
Sir William, according to that customary style of early ecclesiastics, with which 
Shakspere has rendered us familiar in Sir Hugh Evans and Sir Oliver Martext. 
He came of a London family, which, with others of their kindred and connection, 
followed the trade of woodmongers in the parish of St. Andrew Baynards Castle, 
otherwise St. Andrew in the Wardrobe, their place of burial. The will of his 
mother Margery, widow of John Asshurst, has been preserved, as well as those 
of Gilbert Asshurst " civis et wodemonger," dated 30 July, 1415, b and of Thomas 
Asshurst, similarly described, dated 25 Aug., 1420,° probably his brothers. 
Owing to its early date, it has been thought of interest to transcribe the will of 
Margery Asshurst. 

a In Add. MS, 5829 f. 195b it is stated that his name occurs in 1428. 

b Pr. P.C.C. 5 Aug. 1415. Book Marche 32. He mentions his late wife and John and William 
(minors) sons of Thomas Flexmere and Florence his wife, " my daughter," leaving a bequest for the souls 
of John Asshurst and Margery his wife. 

c Pr. P.C.C. 29 Aug. 1420. Book Marche 49. Elizabeth his wife and Thomas Asshurst of West- 
cote, co. Surr. his cousin, are mentioned. 

2d 



20(> The Parish of East Barnet. 

Will of Margery Asshurst, widow.* 

In dei noie Amen, die m'curij in vigil sci Barthi Apli anno dhi millmo cec mo nonage" 10 sexto 
Ego Marg'ia Asshurst qua? fui ux' Iohis Asshurst defuncti condo facio & orclino testum meu in 
hunc modum. In p'mis lego & comendo aiam mea deo omipotenti creatori meo be marie v'gini 
<& omib3 scis & corpus meu ad sepeliend in ecciia sci Andreae cle Baynards castell in tifiulo ubi dcus 
Ioftes maritus meus sepeliP. Itm lego dno Rico celebranti p aia dci Iohis ad celebrand p aia mea & 
dci Iohis & omi fidelin defunctor 9 novem marc st'lingor. Itfn lego dno Wiftmo Asshurst filio meo 
centu marc 9 argenti sol vend sibi quoit anno x libr px post decessu meu quous qs dcasuifiacent marc 9 
plenar 9 psolva?. Itfn lego Rtori dee ecclie iij s iiij d . Et Nicfro clico ibm ij et Thome subclico dee 
ecclie xij. Itifi lego simoni maikyn cognato meo xx s . Itm lego cuilt filio meo viventi post 
decissu meu ij. Itfn remitto Willrno atte Wat 9 xx s de debito quod miehi debet, Itffi lego 
Marg'ie harlewyne xx s . Itm lego Iohanni Lawe omes saccos meos p carbonib3 & xx s . Itfn 
lego Robto devenyssh iij s iiij a . Itfn lego in complecoem porticus dee ecclie xx s . Itifi volo qd 
expiis mee fun'ales fiant scdm disponiscoem executor 9 meor 9 competent 9 . Itm lego fFrib) 
p'dicatorib} london v s et quatuor alijs frrum dee civitat 9 ordinib3 vidlt minor 9 carmeli? Augusti- 
neS & see crucis unu trentale. Itfn lego hospitali sci Thome Aeon iux a Aqueductu London x s 
Itfn lego Robto Aston vinetar 9 london xl s . Et maridne uxi eius xx s . Itifi lego ad distribuend 9 
in? paupes die sepult'e mee ubi magis executor^ meis videbi? expedir 9 xl s . Itm lego Iohi 
Kembe xx d . Itm petronille manenti in cimit'io ecclie sci Andreaj sap a dict xx a . Et Agneti 
Astewyk xx a . Itm lego henrico Oning v s st'lingor . Itifi lego dfio Wiftmo filio meo optimfi 
lectu meu, optima cistam meam, optima pelvim mea cfi lavator 9 , optima mappam mea, cu tuelt, 
optimu mazeru, optima, ollam mea ieneam & optima patellam. Itfn lego cecilie langeley scdm 
lectu mevi meliorem & scclam mappam cu tuelt j ollam j patella cu scdo meliore pelvi cu lavator 9 
scdo melior 9 . Itifi lego Gylbto Asshurst x marc 9 Residuu v'o omi 9 bonor 9 meor 9 no legat 9 volo 
distribui p executor 9 meos in pios usus caritat 9 p aia Iohis mariti mei & aia, mea aiab 9 et omi' 
fidelin defunctor 9 . Et facio executor 9 meos Robtum Aston & Gilbtum Asshurst ut ipi dispona? p 
aiab3 sup a dcls scdm qd eis melius videbit 9 expedir 9 . Itm volo et concedo qd idfn Gilbtus 
Asshurst heat omes Wegges & axes &j Gryndston p aliis p eodiff p'cio quo alii dar 9 velint p 
eisdm. In cui 9 rei testimoniu huic psenti testo meo sigillu meii Apposui dat 9 London die & 
anno dhi sup'dcis. Prqbatum est hoc testrff coram nob president cons London vi to Kin Octobr 9 
anno dm millino ccc mo nonage" 10 sexto &c. 

The testament of William Asshurst has been preserved among the St. Albans 
\vills. b He describes himself as late rector of the parish church of East Barnet, 
and desires to be buried with his relatives in the parish church of St. Andrew 

a Commissary Court, A.D. 1396, f. 10b. 

b Book Stoneham 14. The will is slightly mutilated. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 207 

of Baynardescastelle, to which he is a benefactor, as well as to the churches 
of East Barnet and Chipping Barnet. 

In di nole Amc. hi lo sci Vitalis martins do' dni mcccc vicesio oct Ego dns 

Willms Assliurst nup Hector eccie poch' dc Estbiiet i com htfor codo testm meu 

in hue moclu. In p'mis lego aiam mea do oipoteti be ma e & om sepe 

in eccia poch sci Andrcc de Baynardescastelle viz. i eod' loco u' corpora petu mata. 

It 9 lego sumo altari eccie sci Iofi Bap de chepyg-bnet iij s iiij' 1 . It 9 lego eccie de Estbiiet .... 
in usu sumi altaris una mappa diapard. It 2 eccie p'dict unu missale unu pcessionale & unu 
manuale una cuppa de CEnoiy(?) ad usu & honore corporis x'. It 9 lego sumo altari eccie poch 
sci Anclrec de Baynardescastelle lond. iij s iiij d . It 9 cuilibet sae'doti celeb'nti in eccia de 
chepygbnet p'dict xij d . It 9 lego clico eccie poch euisd 9 xij d . Residuu v° honor 9 meor 9 no 
legator 9 do & lego executorib} meis ad disponed p aia mea & p aiab3 omn bnfactor 9 meor 9 ut meli s 
& salub s videbit 9 eis facied. Et ad meu testametu in oibj bii & fidel' cxequed ordino costituo 
meos fideles executores sic cora, sumo judice volu'rit juder 9 videlt lament 9 Bampton mercer 9 

london hugonc langford dc Barnet p'dict & supvisore euisd tcstamti ordio & costituo 

Willm Barba a dc briet In cui 9 rei testio liuic testainto sigillu meu apposui 

liijs test 9 Willd Stalworth Edmundo Elys & Ioh' hacsalte & mult' alijs. Pbat fuit ho testm cora 

Willo Alnewykc Arch, mon sci vicesimo q'nto die maij ao dni & reg s p'dict 

sup'Mict. 

The next date that we come to is 1453-4, when, in his will on the 23 Peb. 
John Beauchamp of Barnet mentions " John Belle, 11 the chaplain," in connection 
with his own interment in the chapel of St. John the Baptist, but whether the 
parish priest or chaplain to the guild may be doubtful. In the will of Walter 
Umfrey of Chipping Barnet, 30 June 1455, we have sir Thomas Norton named 
as rector? The church of East Barnet was given, 29 Nov. 1466, to sir Bichard 
Benet, chaplain to lord Wenlok, at the special instance of the said lord, upon its 
vacancy by the death of Thomas Norton, the preceding rector. " Nicholas the 
parish priest," witnessed the will of "William Bollfe senr. of East Barnet 12 June 
1470, a but he was probably the curate there, as sir Richard Benet was parson, 

a Supra, p. 167. 

b St. Albans ayiIIs. Book Stoneham 80. 

c Rawl. MS. Bod. Lib. 332, f. 10. John Wenlok, or Wenlock, wounded at the first battle of St. 
Albans, on the Lancastrian side, afterwards fought under the Yorkist banner at Towton and was cr. baron 
Wenlock by Edtv. IV. in 14G1. Espousing once again the Lancastrian cause, he was killed at Tewkes- 
bury in 1471 and d. s.p. Burke's Ext. Peerage. 

d Supra, p. 18. Pr. at St. Albans 22 June 1470. Book Stoneham 12 G b 

2 d 2 



208 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



when abbot William of Wallingford issued his precept in writing, 4 Nov. 1471, 
to regulate the services. a On the 30 Jan. 1482, the nomination to the church of 
Barnet at the next vacancy, 15 conceded under the seal of the abbot, to Richard, 
duke of Gloucester, who had already usurped the throne and fallen at Bosworth, 
when administration to the estate of sir Richard Benet, rector of Bamet, was 
granted, 16 June 1487, to Margery Warde of Barnet, his sister. Sir Robert Robyn- 
son was curate of East Barnet and witnessed the will of Thomas Dudman, 8 March 
1522-3, and is again referred to as curate in that of Robert Rolfe, 30 June 1533, 
In the will of Joan Dudman, 14 Sep. 1541, sir Thomas Masse is curate, d whilst, 
a few years later, in May and June 1553, we meet with John Hatleye, clerk, 
whose estate was administered, as "late rector of Barnett," 19 Sep. 1559, by 
John Hatleye, of London, merchant, next of kin. e Sir Anthony Mason was 
curate of East Barnet, 16 Sep, 1558, as testified by the will of William Rolfe, of 
which he was a witness, and he also witnessed that of Margaret Rolfe, the widow 
of William, on the 21 Dec. 1559/ The will of Richard Rolfe, of East Barnet, 
yeoman, was witnessed, 12 Aug. 1572, by John Jefforde, clerk, the curate, and 
pr. at St. Albans on the following 23 Oct. whilst that of John Rolfe, the elder, of 
the same, was witnessed, 29 June 1579, by Richard North, the curate, and pr. at 
St. Albans 8 July. g This was probably the Richard North, clerk, who was elected 
a governor of the Barnet Grammar School, 10 Oct 1591, being afterwards 
described as " Bedell unto the Company," and may have been the same person 
who about the year 1595 was rector of Eriern Barnet, where he succeeded his 
father Ralph North, rector. 11 At a Court Baron of the Manor, held 11 Apr. 36 
Eliz. Barnard Cariar 1 surrenders "unu messuagiu sive ten. voc. le ledden k 
porche &c in Cheping barnet," to the use of Richard Northe his heirs aud 
assigns. 



a Supra, p. 169. 

b Eawl. MS. Bod. Lib. 332, f. 58. 

c St. Albans Wills. Book Walingford 52, 184 b , 223. 

a Supra, p. 173. 

Archdeaconry of St. Albans. Anthony Blage is stated in some of the lists to have succeeded to the 
benefice in 1559. 

f Pr. at St. Albans. Book Frankilcaster 148 174 b 

e Book Clapton 59. 

h Lysons, ii. 25. Cf. Newcourt, i. 645, 646. 

1 Bector of Monken Hadley. 

k Now the shop of Mr. Hnggins, the chemist. 



The Parish of Bast Barnet. 209 

iEBWi^MJB 3UNB1SENIE, B.A. instituted by Grindal, bishop of 
London, 8 Jan. 1567-8, upon the resignation of Anthony Blage. "With 
him the line of shadows terminates, and inquiry has solid facts to depend 
upon. In his own case, indeed, information is still very incomplete. By 
more than one token, it is satisfactory to conclude that we many reckon 
him among the exceptions to the frequent incapacity of the reformed 
clergy at that period. Like his predecessors, he comes before us as a 
witness of wills. Leonard Lyddall, of Chipping Barnet, signs in pr 9 cia 
Edwardi Underne Rcoris, and gives, perhaps at the instigation of his 
pastor, " towardes a free scole in Barnet xl s , in thands of B-obert West 
and Rowland Carowe, if it may be gotten. a " 

During the reigns of Edward the Sixth and Elizabeth, grammar schools 
were established in many places, a certain number being endowed with 
the revenues of abolished chantries. When Lyddall made his will, the 
project of a school at Barnet was probably in the air, if not already a 
subject of serious discussion. Certain it is that we find Mr. Underne 
taking an active part in procuring its foundation, and he was appointed 
a Governor in the original Charter of 1573. Towards the close of 1575, 
he appears before the Corporation of London to solicit funds for the 
completion of the building, and obtains permission, 15 Nov. 17 Eliz. to 
ask for collections within all the parishes of the City whilst, on the 8 of 
March following, he is summoned to give account of the contributions so 
gathered. 

In 1579, we have it attested by John Warren that " when our parson, 
Edward Underne, is absent, one Mr. Mursett, oar schoolmaster, doth 
expound the catechism on the sabbath day, also one Harvey Samson, our 
clarke, doth say the daily service for the day, but not administers the 
Sacraments." In 1582, Mr. Underne contributes seven shillings to the 
relief of Christians in Geneva. The bishop of London writes in 1583 
to the archdeacon of St. Albans, " I am given to understand, by common 
information, that many ministers within your Archdeaconry do seldom 
or never wear the surplice, and some of them little or nothing observe 
the Book of Common Prayer. I do order you to let me know at my 
visitation who they are, that they may be proceeded against." In reply 

a Pr. P.C.C. 19 Apr. 1572. Book Daper 11. 



210 The Parish of East JSarnet. 

to this, it was presented, as to East Barnet : — "He cloth not wear the 
apparel, but he is willing and ready to wear them : " as to Chipping 
Barnet : — " We have no preacher but our parson, but we have not known 
him to wear any cap, for he saith it is hurtful unto his eyes, which, 
indeed are very dimme ; he hath not any other living. He is con- 
formable in all good orders. Our Bible is of the largest print and largest 
volume." Once more we find it recorded, in 1584, under the head of 
Chipping and East Barnet, — " Mr. Edward Underne, the parson, a 
bachelor of Artes, a preacher, resident; made minister 2" a of her Majesty's 
reign. He hath none other benefice or promotion. He is of honest life. 
The living is fit for a preacher, and Her Maj tie is the patron. " a The 
following list of curates, during Mr. Underne's incumbency, occurs in the 
Acta of the Archdeaconry of S' Albans — 1576, Thomas Dawson ; 1578, 
Bichard Vaughan ; 1583, William Brooke ; b 1586, Humphry Prior. 

It is apparent, from the foregoing, that Mr. Underne may be ranked 
with the better instructed of the clergy. Not so his curate, Humphry 
Prior, at East Barnet, concerning whom we have, under the date of 4 Oct. 
1586, that, upon examination, he was "found to be ignorant in the Latin 
tongue and not able to decline a noun substantive, or to discern the parts 
of speech, and further unable to answer unto easy questions in the 
grounds of faith and religion, or to allege aptly any Scripture for proof of 
anv article of religion." 

Mr. Underne continued a Governor of the School after resigning the 
living and, 20 July 1597, " being farre distant from this place," gave his 
proxy to another. His name appears, 27 March 1598, but on the 8 of 
September it is absent. W T e may assume that he had died in the 
interval. 



MUM ©It3N& (or Graunt) D.D. instituted, 3 Nov. 1591, by 
Ay liner, bishop of London and inducted 4 Nov. He had been elected a 
governor of the Barnet Grammar School on the 10 Oct. preceding. 
Described by Antony a Wood, who states that he was educated at 

a See History of Nonconformity in Hertfordshire, by William Urwick, 89, 90. 

b The name of William Brooke, minister, occurs as testifying to some of the early registers. 

c Atlt. Oxon. i. 310, 711. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 211 

Westminster, as the most noted Latinist and Grecian of his time. 
According to the Athense Cantabrigienses lie matriculated at St. John's 
in Feb. 15G3-4, a and was a member of that college at the time of Queen 
Elizabeth's visit to Cambridge in the August of that year. Having 
completed his terms for B.A. degree, at Cambridge, he became B.A. at 
Oxford, by incorporation, as of Ch. Ch. in Feb. 1571-2, being at the time 
a master at Westminster, and M.A. in the following month, 15 about which 
period he was advanced to the head mastership. Later on he took B.D. 
at Cambridge, being incorporated in the same degree at Oxford, G May 
1579, and afterwards D.D. C The above dates accord with Camden's 
statement that he was master for twenty years with great reputation, and 
worn out with fatigue, resigned the post in Feb. 1592-3.' 1 In 1577 he 
was made a canon, or prebendary, and sub-dean of Westminster, and 
became D.D. of Cambridge in 1580, at which date he presented to the 
University the portraits of Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of 
Henry the Seventh, and of Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester. In 1581 
Grant dedicated his Lexicon Greco-Latinum to Leicester, and his 
dedicatory address would warrant the supposition that he was his 
chaplain. 

During these years he obtained several pieces of preferment. He was 
instituted, 12 Dec. 1584 to the vicarage of South, or Much, Renfleet, in 
Essex, e which he resigned about a year afterwards, when instituted to the 
rectory of Bintry and Foulsham in Norfolk, and in 1589 became pre- 
bendary of Ely. On the 22 Apr. 1598, he was instituted to the rectory 
of Toppesfield in Essex/ which he held, as well as Barnet, until his death, 
4 Aug. 1601. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, without any 
memorial. 



a Reports of the Cambridge Antiquarian Soc. No. xvii. 279. 

b As of Exeter Coll. 27 March 1572. Fasti Oxon. i. 187, 189. 

c Oxford Hist. Soc. Pub. Register, Vol. ii. pt. i. 79, 368; pt. iii. 14; Fasti Oxon. i. 214. 

d Camden's Life prefixed to the Britannia, Gough ; Biog. Univ. 

e Newcourt, ii. 48. His successor, John Grant, cl. was instit. 18 March 1585-6, whose will, dated 19 
was pr. in the Consistory Court 26 Apr. 1609. 

f Newcourt, ii. 609. 



212 The Parish of East Barnet. 



T. Edri Grante sacre Theologie professor. 

In the name of God Amen. The five and twentithe daie of Aprill Anno Domini 
millesimo sexcentesimo primo, being Saint Markes day, I Edwarde Grante Doctor of 
Divinitie, being I thank my god soundo in minde and pfect in memorie doe make and 
ordaine this my last will and Testamente, in manner and forme followinge, because it is 
the dutie of every Xpian man wisely to set bothe his houses in order before his deathe, 
th'one of the soule and conscience, to god, th'other of outwarde thinges to the world, 
both for the quiet of his owne conscience, and concord of his frendes afterwardes, 
Therefore whereas every man consists of two partes, of soule and bodye, th'one receeaved 
from heaven, th'other taken from the earthe, and both the heavenly and earthly knitt 
in one in this lief are ordinarilie seavered by death that at the generale resurrection daie, 
they maie for ever be conioyned, to shine in the fface of Jesus christe, I thus dispose 
of bothe. Towelling my soule, th'imortall and heavenlie parte in me, because it is a 
heavenlie breath and came from heaven, and longeth to heaven againe, to be with god, 
that infused it into my Bodie, and withe Christ that redemed it from death and 
dampnation by his blood, I ffirste and principallie commend it into the handes and 
mercies of Jesus my gratious saviour and redemer. It was stayned by Adams fall from 
grace through originall synne, but purged by Christe, washed and sanctified by Christe, 
and am fullie perswaded was elected by Christe afore all worldes, to be by him receaved 
into his heavenlie Tabernacle, there to have an everlastinge resting place amonge 
his ffathers mansions, this hope is laied up for ever in my bosome, to th'assurance 
of my soule against the daie of our Lorde Jesus. Concerninge my bodie, which is the 
earthlie parte in me, because it was taken from earthe, and must retorne to earth, I 
comit that to the dust, to be laied in grave in Westminster church, if I shall happen to 
end my lief there, or in anie other Xpian buriall place, where it shall please god to call 
me, at the discretion of my executrix, being moste assured that at the generall resur- 
rection daie of all flesh it shall arise out of the dust of the earth, and be coupled againe 
with my soule in God's handes that they both maie be for ever glorified in the Kingdome 
of Eternitie. Towelling my externall goodes, I thus dispose them, ffirste I give and 
bequeath to the poore of Westm 1 ' where I have longe lived, five poundes, Item I give 
to the Colledge of Westminster, a silu cup, to be made after the fashion of the old cuppes 
of the Colledge, with my armes and these wordes aboute it, ex dono Ed : Grante huius 
olim Collegii prebenclarii. And to the Library Ortelius booke of mappes, Item, I give 
to the poore of Topesfield fFortie shillinges, Item, to the jioore of Barnet ffortie shillinges, 
Item, to Susan Grante my true and faithfull wief, the lease of the house in the church- 
yarde, holden of the Deane and Chapter of Westminster taken in her name and my 
sonne Gabriell Grante which after his Mother descendeth to him, Item, to Susanna Dix 
my eldest daughter my lesser gilt Saltsellor, Item, to Maister Doctor Dix my loving 



The Parish of East Barnet. 213 

sonne in lawc, a violet gowne, Item, to Sarah Grante, a my youngest daughter, to be 
paiecl her uppon the daie of her marriage ffiftie poundes, togeather with the Coppyholde 
in Topcsfield, Item, to maister 1 ' Clarentieux Demosthenes in greeke and latin translated 
by Wolsius, Item, to maister Thomas Mydleton c all my comments upon Virgill, 
Horatius, Juvenall, and such like school bookes as he hathe of mine, with the 
annotations uppon all Tnllyes orations, Item, to maister Morris Pickering my true and 
loving frende, a litle white silver Bole, to drinke sack, Item, to maister Samuell 
Haselwood my affectionate frende a litle silver cup that the Bishop of Chester gave me, 
Item, to John Grante my youngest and ever obedient sonne, all my library of bookes at 
Westminster and Topesfield,' 1 which cost me almost foure hundred poundes, uppon this 
condicon, that he bestowe thereof those bookes uppon his elder brother Gabriel! Grante, 
as he best liketh, And that he paie to his sister Sarah Grante uppon the daie of her 
marriage ffortie poundes, And if yt happen that he dye before his elder brother I doe 
charge him to leave them, as legacy from himself to Gabriell Grante his elder brother, 
And that he paie over to his sister Sarah the somme of fforty poundes, which his brother 
John should have doen, the vowe that I once made of his disobedience, in marryenge 
against my expresse wyll, forceth me to alter my lovinge affection in this course of 
legacy, Item, to Edwarde Grante sonne of Harry Grante ffortie shillinges, Item, to 
Venice Grante sister to Edward Grante ffortie shillinges, Item, to Susan Grante f 
daughter of Gabriell Grante ffive poundes, Item, all my other goodes cattells plate 
household-stuff implements apparrell money I doe give and bequeath to Susan Grante 

a Sarah Grant married John Argall, of Colchester, (Per fesse arg. and vert, a pale counterchanged, 
three lions' heads erased gu. Crest, A sphinx with wings expanded ppr.) and had a family of four sons 
and two daughters. Harl. MSS. 1432, f. 110 b ; 1541, f. 137 ; 1542, f. 94 b ; Add. MS. 1G279, p. 
429. 

h William Camden, the antiquary, horn in 1551, who was appointed Second Master of Westminster 
School in 1575, succeeded Grant as rlead Master in 1593, and became Clarenceux King of Arms in 1597. 
Biog. Univ. 

c A Thomas Middleton, described as " Usher of the Free School," was bur. in the Abbey 29 Apr. 
1610. From 1593, the date of Grant's resignation 1 , to 1610, the name of the Second Master of Westmin- 
ster School was Middleton. Chester's Westminster Abbey Registers, p. 110. 

d He does not seem to have resided at Barnet, and the facts of a library at Toppesfleld, and the copy- 
hold property which he possessed there, would point to his home at that place, when not at Westminster. 

e Gabriel Grant of London yeoman and Honour Daniell of the same, spr. dan. of Daniell of the 

City of Westminster, at St. Gabriel Fenchurch. Mar. Lie. Bp. of Load. 27 Sep. 1596. Their son Gabriel 
was bur. 22 Oct. 1622, " on the north side of the broad aisle " of the Abbey. Chester's Westm. Abbey 
Registers, p. 120. 

f John Prince of St. Margaret's Westm. gent. bach r . and Suzanna Grant spr. dau. of Gabriel Grant 
S.T.P. preb. of Westm. at St. Leonard's in St. Martin de-Grand. Mar. Lie. D. and C. of Westm. 12 
Nov. 1622. 

2 E 



214 The Parish of East Barnet. 

my deare and loving wife, whom I make and ordeine my sole and onely executrix of tins 
my last will and testament, of whom I crave and desier, as there was ever anie love 
betweene us, longe before and since our marriage, rooted in tender yeares, and never yet 
impaired, that if she after my death doe not marrie againe but followe me to my grave, 
that she shall have a spetiall care for the remembraunce of mc, and her tender love to 
them, to leave all she hathe to those fower children remayning alive lawfully begotten of 
bothe our bodies, of nyne that god gave us, videlicet, to Gabriell Grante, John Grante, 
Susanna Dix, and Sarah Grante, And I charge them all of my blessinge, and in gods 
name, to shewe all duetie, love, kindenes, and care, to their moste deare and affectionate 
mother, to be a staff to her old yeres, and rather to comforte her solitary lief withe their 
well doing, then to abridge her time by their disobedience and lack of love, lastlie I 
desier master Morris Pickeringe and maister Samuell Haselwoode of Westminster 
gentlemen overseers of this my last will and Testamente, In witnesse whereof I have 
sett to my hande and scale the daie and yeare above written by me Edwarde Grante, 
witnesses hereunto Thomas Midleton, William Tubbins marke. a 

Gabriel Grant D.D. the elder son of Dr. Grant, incorporated B.A. at 
Oxford, from Cambridge, 26 Nov. 1597, was instituted to the rectory of 
Layer Marney, Essex, 12 June 1602, which he relinquished in 1604, to 
the rectory of St. Leonard Poster lane, 20 March 1604-5, and to the 
vicarage of Walthamstow, Essex, which he held up to his death. He was 
likewise prebendary and archdeacon of Westminster, being installed 20 
Jan. 1612-3. b Having married, a second time, 11 Eeb. 1633-4, he d. in 
August 1638, leaving no will. Hanna (sic), the relict, administered, 
18 Dec. c 

John Grant, the younger son was rector of Benefield, near Oundle, a 
In the registers we find, " 1608. Ellisa Grant filia Iohahis Grant baptiz. 
decemb. 20 " and, on the same day, "Elizabetha Grant sepulta." On a 
brass in the chancel is the following inscription to the memory of the 
young wife. 



a Pr. .P.C.C. 27 Nov. 1601, by the proctor of Suzan, the relict. Book Woodhall 72. 

b Oxford Hist. Soc. Tub. Register, Vol. ii. pt. i. 366. Newcourt ii. 379 ; i. 394 ; ii. 637; i. 928. 

c The Pit. Worshipful Gabriel Grant D.D. Prebendary of "Westrn. and Vicar of Walthamstow and 
Anne Senior of St Clement Danes, 35, widow of Morgan Senior esq. late of Ashton co. Dorset dec d . at St. 
Bartholomew near the Exchange. Mar. Lie. Bp. of Lond. 10 Feb. 1633-4. 

d Information supplied by the Rev. E. M. Moore, rector. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 215 

Upoaa>7T07roua Elizabeths: 

Grantee Mortuce — Viventis. 
My Child-Bed Was My Death-Bed, Thanks I Gave 
To God That Gave a Child, And So I Died : 
My Body Is Enterred In Tin's Grave : 
My Soulc (For Which It Long'd) To Heaven Her Hied : 
My Good-Report They Can Record That KnewMee : 
A Maide— A Wife- A Mother: Then Death Slewe Mee : 

Obiit Decemb. 18, 1G08. 

Relicto Pignore. 

The baptisms of four children of a later marriage occur between 
1610-1 and 1616, and Mr. Grant's last signature appears 25 March, 
1621-2, at the close of the ecclesiastical year. Subsequently, as D.D. he 
became vicar of South Benflcet, resigning the same in favour of Thomas 
Lambe, a who was instituted 23 July 1641, and rector of St. Bartholomew 
Exchange in 1623, upon the death of Robert Hill D.D. Whilst holding 
this benefice, Newcourt records that he was sequestered by the rebels. 
His successor was instituted 8 Sep. 1660. Of the date of his death there 
is no evidence. 1 ' 

John Dix, who married Susanna, eldest daughter of Dr. Grant, was 
instituted, 1 May 1591, to the rectory of St. Bartholomew Exchange, 
being then B.D., and collated, 6 June 1597, to St. Andrew Undershaft. 
becoming a prebendary of St. Paul's, as D.D. 5 March 1598.° In his will, 
dated 3 Eeb. 1613-4, when "sicke in body," d he desires to be buried in 
the chancel of St. Andrew Undershaft. Provision being made for his 
wife, his four sons and a daughter, all in their minority, to John, his 
eldest son, he leaves " my great seale ringe of gold with my Armes e 

a Thomas Lambe, clerk, of Huntington, bach. 26 and Suzan Grant, of St. Bartholomew Exchange, 
London, Spr. 17, dau. of Mr. John Grant, rector of St. Bartholomew aforesaid, who consents. At Wal- 
thamstow, Essex. Mar. Lie. 7 Aug. 1630. 

b Newcourt ii. 48 ; i. 292 ; Mercurius Rusticus 253 ; Will of Charles Yeoman of London, scrivener, 
pr. P.C.C 3 Oct. 1G43. Book Twisse 17. 

c Newcourt i. 292 ; i. 229. 

d Pr. P.C.C. 19 Feb. 1613-4. Book Lawe 12. 

e Confirmed by Camden, Clarenceux, 1612, to Rev. John Dix, D,D. Az. on a bend or, three mart- 
lets gu. on a chief arg. two stags' heads erased gu. a crescent for diff. Crest. A greyhound's head erased 
arg. ducally gorged gu. betw. two wings, dexter sa. sinister or, a crescent for diff. Burke's Gen. Armory, 
Cf. Harl. MS. 1552 f. 115". 

2 e 2 



216 The Parish of East Bamet. 

graven uppon it." There is mention afterwards of his " own natural 
brother Thomas Dix dwelling in St. Georges of Colegate parish in 
Norwich," of his brothers in law Gabriell Grante D.D., Mr. John Grante, 
Parson of Benefield, and John Argall of Colchester esq. of his sisters 
in law Mrs. Sarah Argall and Mrs. Dennis Grante," and of his godson 
" Edward Grante son of my brother Dr. Grante." The will concludes 
with, " Memorandum I give and bequeath before the ensealing of this 
my will unto my old good friend Mr. Barnard Carrier Parson of Hadlie 
an English Bible in quarto of the new translation." Mr. Carrier by his 
will, b dated 2 March 1618-9, gives to his daughter Elizabeth, wife of 
Godfrey Cade, " the Bible wh ch Doctor Dickes gave unto me." 

(B1BWL&3XB $&&&&<£&, iH-3- instituted by Bancroft, bishop of 
London, 26 Oct. 1603. Second son of John Mun of London, mercer, and 
bapt. 28 Oct. 1568, at the church of St. Andrew Hubbard, by the name 
of Edmond, as he is also designated in his father's will ; educated at St. 
Paul's School, and an exhibitioner at Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he 
became B.A. in 1587 and M.A. in 1591. His name occurs among the 
M.A. incorporations at Oxford, 9 July 1591.° Before his appointment to 
Barnet, he was already vicar of Stepney, having been instituted by Grindal 
16 March 1597-S/ 1 and there he probably resided. He married Anne, 
daughter of Nicholas Barry, citizen and fishmonger, the Mar. Lie. in 
which he is described as Edward Muns, presbyter, S.T.B. of St. Olave's 
Hart Street, and she as of St. Lawrence Pountney spr. bearing the date, 
13 Apr. 1559.° On the 14 March 1599-1600 he was appointed sub-almoner 
to the Queen under Anthony Watson bishop of Chichester/ The register 
at Stepney parish contains the entry, " 1603. Mr Edward Munnes, vicar 
of Stepney, buried the 10 of May, subamner to Queue Elizabeth," and 
that of baptisms, " Edward sonne of Mr. Edward Munnes, vicar of 
Stepney, baptized 10 May 1603," whilst administration was granted the 

a 2nd wife of Mr. John Grant. 

b Pr. P.C.C. 19 March 1618-9. Book Parker 25. Hist, of Monk en Hartley, by F. C. Cass, p. 84. 

c Oxford Hist. Soc. Pub. Kegister, Vol. ii. pt. i. 354. 

d Newcourt, i. 740. 

c Lib. Vic. Gen. f. 12 l a . 

f Add. MS. 5750, f. 53. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 217 

same day to Ann Muns the relict. A dispute appears to have arisen, upon 
the vacancy, as to the patronage of the living.' 1 

The widow married, secondly, Mr. Francis Barnham, of the parish of 
St. Edmund the King, Lombard St. draper,'' eldest son and heir of Thomas, 
second son of Stephen Barnham of " this house called the Crowne, 
wherein I now dwell," at Southwick co. Hants, yeoman, c whose eldest 
son, Sir Francis Barnham, draper and alderman of London, sheriff in 
1570, was the grandfather of Alice, wife of lord Bacon, the daughter 
of his youngest son, Benedict, likewise an alderman. The will of 
Francis Barnham of Odiham in the county of Southampton, gentle- 
man, dated '1 June, was pr. P.C.C. 31 Dec. 1624 by Ann Barnham the 
relict. He left two sons, Benedict and Thomas, besides daughters. Mrs. 
Anne Barnham was still alive at the date of Thomas Man's will, 28 
March 1610, who leaves her a piece of plate of the value of £10. 

The family of Mun, Munne, Munnes or Muns, as the name is variously 
met with, has been traced to William Mun of Mounthall in Essex, whose 
descendant, John Mun, of Hackney and of the Mercers' company, 
married Margaret Barwick, who remarried, 25 Oct. 1574, at St. Andrew 
Hubbard, Thomas Cordell, citizen and mercer. The said John Mun, born at 
Hackney, whose father, of the same name, was still living 15 Jan. 1571-2, 
(the date of his son's will) received a grant of arms in 1562. His will was 
pr. P.C.C. 14 Apr. 1573, by Margaret the relict. John, the eldest son, 
citizen and mercer, also of Hackney, born in 1564, d. unm. His will, dated 
15 Apr. 1614, was pr. P.C.C. 10 June 1615, and he leaves " to Mistress Anne 
Barneham, late the widdowe of my brother Edward Munn, and now the 
wife of Mr. Fraunceys Barneham, £50." To Edward, the rector, of whom we 
have already spoken, his father devised a farm at Wateringbury. A third son, 
Thomas, baptized at St. Andrew Hubbard, 17 June 1571, married, 29 Dec. 
1612, Ursula, daughter of John Malcott, of Biddenham in Bedfordshire. 
He has been described as one of the pioneers of political economy, was a 
director of the East India Company, and has been made the subject of 

a Lib. Vic. Gen. ff. 10S b , 109*, 110 a . 

b Francis Barnham, of St. Edmund's Lombard St. draper, widower, 48, and Anne Muns of St. 
Lawrence Pountney, 26, widow of Edmund Munnes, clerk, vicar of Stepney, wlio died about a year ago. 
At St. Lawrence Pountney. Mar. Lie. 16 Apr. 1604. Lib. Vic. Gen. f. 144 b . 

c Will dated 28 Oct. 1550 and pr. P.C.C. 9 Jan. 1550-1. Book Bucke 1. He mentions two sons, 
Francis and Thomas. Sir Francis, in his will, names his brother Thomas and his three sons. 



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The Parish of Mist Bar net. 219 

articles that appeared in the Athenaeum, 29 Nov. and 20 Dec. 1890. a Several 
treatises in relation to trade were the product of his pen and evince a 
matured acquaintance with the countries bordering on the Mediterranean. 
A London merchant, of St. Helen's Bishopsgate, he purchased the estate of 
Otteridge, in the parish of Bearsted, Kent, and devised the same by will, 
dated 28 March 1640, to his son John. Otteridge, b consisting at the 
present day of a very small house and farm, passed from the Muns to the 
Sheldons. The name of Fludd, connected with the Muns, survives at 
Bearsted under extremely decayed conditions, whilst that of Munn is 
still to be found at Maidstone in the ranks of the lower middle class. 

M&W®%%&g> iH&®d3&£). B.D. instituted by Bancroft, bishop 
of London, 18 and inducted 21 May, 1603. Mr. Milward's appointment 
followed closely upon the death of Elizabeth. Both he and his brother 
John Milward D.D. vicar of Christ Church, Newgate S 1 appear to have 
stood in the line of Court favour after the advent of the Stuarts. The 
latter, instituted to the rectory of S 1 Margaret Pattens, 8 Nov. 1608, 
made his will on the 10 Apr. 1609, being then on the point of starting 
suddenly upon an expedition into Scotland, on the King's business. We 
are unacquainted with the circumstances of his death, but, as the will was 
pr. P.C.C. 28 Aug. 1609, a by his brother and widow, it probably occurred 
either during his absence or shortly after his return. He left a son, 
James, and two daughters, Mary and Margaret, and must have been in 
the prime of life, as both his parents were living. His widow became 
the second wife of Thomas Prowde D.D. e vicar of Enfield who, at his death, 
in Feb. 1615-6, left by her three children/ 

By Mr. Hyde Clarke and Mr. Alfred L. Hardy. 

11 Anciently Oterashe, at a short distance to the south of the church. Ilasted's Kent, ii. 488, 
Bersted. 

c Information received from the Rev. Canon Scarth, present vicar of Bearsted, and Mr. A. L. Hardy. 

a Book Dorset 84. See State Papers Dom. 30 May and 10 June 1604, 15 Apr. 1G09. 

c Mr. Proude, vicar of Enfield, took his place from the 21st Dec. 1G01. Enfield Par. Reg. New- 
court, i. 602. Thomas Proud, clerk, vicar of Enfield, widower, 44, and Agnes Milward of Ch. Ch. London. 
30, widow of John Milward, clerk, D.D. late of Ch. Ch. who died a year or more ago. At Ch. Ch. 
London. Mar. Lie. Bp. of Lond. 27 Oct. 1610. Her maiden name was Agnes How. 

f Will pr. P.C.C. 22 Feb. 1615-6. Book Cope 41. He was bur. at St. Andrew Wardrobe 20 Feb. 
1615-6. See Register, and Newcourt, i. 272. A dispensation had been granted to him by the archbishop, 
20 Dec. 1608, to hold this living with Enfield. 



220 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Matthias Milward's connection with the residence of Lady Arabella 
Stuart at East and Chipping Barnet has been already noticed, he being at 
the time one of the chaplains of the Prince of Wales. It is probable that 
he then resided at East Barnet, where the registers note the baptisms and 
burials of several of his children. He had married at St. James' Clerk- 
enwell, 25 Apr. 1605 Anne Evans spr. a of Ch. Ch. London, daughter of 
Hugh Evans late of S* Giles' Cripplegate, deceased. The Mar. Lie. dated 
28 March 1605, is addressed to the rector, vicar or curate of S* James' 
Clerkenwell, and contains the provision cu unica bannoru edicoe, (ut 
moris est) ac ita ut nullu. inde gen'etur p' indiciu ministero ecclie ubi dca 
Anna pochiana existit. Their son Joseph, baptized 9 Sep. 1621, educated 
at Westminster and afterwards for two years under Mr. Smalwood at Barnet, 
was admitted a scholar of Caius Coll. Cambridge 13 Sep. 1637, aged 16. 
Mr. Milward had been elected a Governor of the Grammar School 3 Apr. 
1610, and doubtless removed his residence to Chipping Barnet upon 
becoming Master. No extant minute records his appointment, but he 
succeded Mr. Smith, who vacated at Midsummer 1619. His own 
resignation was accepted 3 Sep. 1633,^ Mr. Richard Blow, who had been 
his curate at East Barnet, having been buried there 25 June 1632. Erom 
19 Dec. 1625 Mr. Milward had likewise been vicar of Aldenham, in 
succession to Mr. Bobert Pratt, buried there 23 Sep. in that year, and the 
signature familiar at East Barnet is met with in the marriage register 
after 2 Nov. 1626, but Mr. Rowland Greenwoood appears as curate 
between 1625 and 1634. After August 1634- it was required by Act of 
Parliament that both parents' names be entered in Baptisms, and it would 
have been well in the interest of genealogy, if the regulation had been 
more strictly and generally enforced. The date of Mr. Milward's 
resignation of Aldenham is uncertain. Hellen, daughter of Benjamin 
Spencer vicar and Bridget his wife was bapt. 13 Apr. 1637 and Benjamin 
son of the same 21 May 1639. d There are grounds for a conjecture that 



a St. James' Clerkenwell, Par. Reg. 

b Queen Elizabeth's School at Chipping Barnet, 1573-1665. F. C. Cass. 
c Matthew, erroneously, in Clutterbuck's Herts. 

d Aldenham Parish Registers. Benjamin Spencer, B.A. was licensed as curate to the Donative of 
Northaw 20 Sep. 1619, and his successor in 1637. Newcourt, i. 850. Lib. Marten. Vic. Gen. pars I. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 221 

lie had married Mr. Milward's daughter Bridget,* a conjecture perhaps 
strengthened by the circumstance that Thomas Gill and Anne Mil ward of 
Barnet were married at Aldenham, by licence, 9 Aug. 1638. If this were 
so, Mr. Milward may have procured the presentation to that parish for 
one son in law, whilst, two years later, he was able to effect the same for 
another, at Barnet. Mr. Spencer resigned Aldenham at the beginning 
of 1640-1.* 

Mr. Milward resigned East and Chipping Barnet in favour of his son 
in law, John Goodwin, and was afterwards vicar of S* Helen's Bishopsgate, 
from which he was ejected by the Parliament. Two sermons preached 
during his tenure of that benefice have been printed : 1. The Sword 
Bearer or Magistrate 's Charge, preached in the Guildhall Chapel and 
printed in 1C39; and 2. The Soiddiers Triumph and the Preacher's 
Glory, preached in S* Michael's Cornhill, 31 Aug. 1641, before the 
Artillery Company, and dedicated to Charles Prince of Wales, General of 
the Company, and the other ,l officers, by their faithfull Symmachus and 
Fellow Souldier. The frequent classical allusions and quotations from 
Latin authors bear witness to his scholastical attainments. Nothing 
further has come down to us concerning him, beyond his administration, 
as late of Plumstead co. Kent, clerk, granted 17 Sep. 1646 to John 
his son. 

3#?&J2 <&<®&3BWLM, J$l 3- instituted by Laud, bishop of London, 
11 Dec. 1639. Son of Thomas Goodwin, of Swineshead co. Lincoln gent, 
who, in his will, " written all of it with my owne hand the first day of 
October 1653," mentions Katherine his wife, John Cooke his grandchild, 
and his son Thomas, concerning whom he says, "if my executor finde 
my sonne Thomas to become a new man, which I pray God to grant, hee 
may allow him twenty pounds per ann. howsoever I do desire my 

a Bapt. at East Barnet 15 March 1606-7. Par. Reg. In the will of Mr. Rowland Backhouse, pr. 
P.C.C. 12 Aug. 1648, Book Essex 129 is a bequest, " to Mr. Spencer, Preacher, sonne in lawe to 
Matthias Millward five pounds." 

b Clutterbuck's Herts. 

c Newcourt, i. 364, where the name is erroneously given as Miller. Mercurius Rusticus, 254. 

(1 Amongst them was Captain Philip Skippon, afterwards so distinguished in the Parliamentary 
army. 

2 p 



222 The Parish of East Bamet. 

executor to have a brotherlie eye over him," and constitutes his " beloved 
son John Goodwin of Barnett co. Hertf. clerk sole executor and heir of 
all his lands." a The earliest register at Swineshead commences in 1639, 
and the name only occurs in an entry that " Katherine Goodwin gen. was 
buryed 4 Jan. 1653." 

At Brauncewell. Lincolnshire, the registers shew that John Goodwin 
was curate in 1633, rector in 1634. His Mar. Lie. a bach r aged 30, with 
Mary Milward of East Barnet Spr, aged 22, daughter of Mr. Matthias 
Milward, rector of the same, who consents, is dated 22 Nov. 1639, b and 
the ceremony took place the same day at St. Helen's. The East Barnet 
registers record the baptism, 5 Jan. 1640-1, of Mary their daughter, her 
burial, 7 Sep. 1642, and the baptism of their son John, his father's 
successor, 10 July 1642. A year later troubles began to encompass 
them. The register preserves the following, in his own handwriting, 
" John Goodwin Bectour of East Barnet was sequestred in the yeare 
1643. After wh. time severall ministers tooke the sequestr. and about 
the year 1650 D r Sclaater now minister at St. John's Clerkenwell was 
sworne Register for East and Chipping Barnett and, untill the Kinges 
returne, all was neglected christenings, marryages and Buryalls. I have 
collected what I could." He continued on the spot, notwithstanding the 
sequestration, as appears from a statement that " the commissioners 
appointed to inquire into the state of ecclesiastical benefices in 1650, 
found by their inquest that East Barnet was a rectory, valued at £54 
per ann. that Chipping Barnet was a chapel of ease to it, but had its own 
officers for church and poor ; that the glebe was 32 acres ; that John 
Goodwin, who had been sequestered from both churches, did then 
officiate at East Barnet ; and Mr. Edward Bulstrode at Chipping Barnet.'" 1 
Elsewhere, in a Register of Church Livings, ' it is set down, under East 
Barnet, that " John Goodwin officiates, but by what order is not knowne, 
he being formerly sequestered ab officio et beneficio." How this came 
about is unexplained, but evidence remains that, during the interval, 

a Pr. P.C.C. 27 July 1653. Book Berkeley 205. 

b At East Barnet or St. Helen's Biskopsgate. 

c Par. Reg. 

<l Parliamentary Surveys, Lambeth MSS. ; Lysons, iv. 17. 

e Lansd. MS. 450. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 223 

Mathias Milward's daughter, Mrs. Goodwin, was fighting a brave battle 
for the rights — a 5th part a of the profits of the benefice " for maintenance 
of her and her children" — reserved to her under the sequestration, and 
probably rendered the tenure of successive intruders the reverse of a bed 
of roses. Mr Goodwin was a staunch royalist and perhaps owing to this, 
with other personal recommendations, continued to be persona grata to 
a considerable proportion of the neighbourhood. The first name 
mentioned is that of Mr. Eeles b in 1613 and the next to take the 
sequestration was Mr. John Giles. " Paul, the sonnc of John Gyles 
present Pastor of East Barnet and Elizabeth his wife, was borne upon 
Munday the scavcnteenth day of March 1644 and was baptized upon y e 
next Sabbath or Lord's Day following, being y c 23 day of March 1644." 
Previously to 9 Aug. 1645 he was succeeded by Mr. Henry Owen, 
" minister of the word," who was officiating on the 11 Oct.' 1 in that year, 
whereas we learn, 27 June 1616, that a Mr Leigh had been responsible. 
Thus far as respects East Barnet, where, as has been seen, Mr Goodwin 
was again exercising his functions in 1650. The parishes had been 
separated under the sequestration, and with Mr Hassard, or Hazard, 
whose name first appears at Chipping Barnet in 1614, the evidences of 
a persistent contest at law have been preserved. Mrs. Goodwin appeared 
by counsel 23 Apr. 1646, when judgment was given in her favour. 

Matthew Hassard came to Bristol in 1633 e and shortly after married 
Mrs. Dorothy Kelly, a widow, who kept a shop in the High Street, and 
has been called the foundress of Nonconformity in Bristol. They quitted 
the city upon its surrender by Eiennes to Prince Bupert, 26 July 1643/ 
Mrs. Hassard having distinguished herself in the defence, and are next 

a Add. MS. 15669 f. 510 (218 b ). This was the customary reservation. By an Ordinance of 19 
Aug. 1643 a 5th of the sequestered income of lay delinquents was set aside for the benefit of their wives 
and children. The Great Civil War, S. R. Gardiner, iii. 7, 9. 

b Nathaniel Eeles, born of good parentage at Aldenham in 1617 ; of Emman. Coll. Camb. died 18 
Dec. 1678. Calamy, ii. 306. 

c Afterwards vicar of Lindridge, near Tenbury, where he died 20 Jan. 1661-2, and was bur. at Stan- 
ford, 31 Jan. Par. Reg. 

d Add. MS. 15669, ff. 255, 375. 

e Matriculated at Trin. Coll. Oxford, pleb. f. Dorset, 15 Oct. 1619, aged 17. B.A. 5 Feb. 1623-4, 
M.A. 5 July 1627. Oxf. Hist. Soc. Pub. Register, Vol. ii. pt. 2, 377, pt. 3, 426. 

f The Great Civil War, S. R. Gardiner, i. 210. 

2 f 2 



224 The Parish of East Barnet. 

heard of at Barnet, where, at a meeting of the Governors of the Grammar 
School, 1 July 1644, the day preceding Marston Moor, " it was moved in 
the behalfe of Mr. Matthew Hassard that the new addition of huildinge 
on the backside of the Schoole be allotted to him to dwell in, he beinge at 
at present Minister of Barnet and destitute of a convenient dwellinge, 
which was graunted accordingly." The School was then " voyd of a 
schoolmaster," and, at a later meeting, 20 Eeb. 1645-6, this permission 
was revoked from the coming Lady Day, a Master having been elected. 
After Prince Expert's surrender to Fairfax in 1646, Mr. Hassard returned 
to Bristol, and officiated at St. Mary Redcliffe and other churches until 
1662, then " a venerable old man." a Mr. Bulstrode took his place at 
Barnet, and was succeeded by Mr. Samuel Shaw, " admitted the 8th day 
December 1658 to the R. of Barnet upon a pres : exhibited the same day 
from his Higlmes Richard Lord Protector under his seale manuall." b He 
was ejected by the Bartholomew Act, when Mr. Goodwin resumed the 
possession of both cures. The restored rector was a candidate for the 
mastership of the School, 25 March 1663, but " being fully heard thereon, 
after a long debate it was put to the question whether he should be elected, 
and it was caryed in the negative by nine voices." It has been rumoured 
that his popularity was on the wane, and the Puritan element was 
probably strong in Barnet. In the East Barnet Par. Reg. there is 
preserved, in the handwriting of Mr. Robert Tayler, who may have read 
the service, " John Goodwiu clerk, Rector of this Parish, was buryed on 
Sunday August 10th 1679." 

3<©f&B ©(©(©QSSII'^, M.A. instituted upon his father's death by 
Compton, bishop of London, 24 Oct. 1679. The register records the 
marriage of John Goodwin and Judith Bryanton at East Barnet, 14 Oct. 
1675, and her burial, 31 July 1677. There may be a question whether 
this entry refers to the son or to a second marriage of the father. I 

a Calamy, Nonconformists' Memorial, iii. 177, ed. of 1803. 

b Augmentations of Church Lands. Lambeth Libr. vol. 999, f. 153. Born in 1635 at Repton in 
Derbyshire, he was of St. John's Coll. Camb. and rector of Long Whatton. Several of his sermons were 
printed. Calamy iii. -104, where there is a portrait of him. Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 152. He d. 22 Jan. 
1696. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 225 

have assumed that it relates to the latter, who, in his will, dated 22 June 
168] , a when "at this present sick in bodie," requests that he may be 
buried at the discretion of his executrix, his " loving aunt Mrs. Penelope 
Fetiplace, of the parish of St. Martin in the fields, widow." The 
burial register is missing from 30 Sep. 1679 to 20 Apr. 1683, when Mr. 
Tayler's characteristic handwriting appears. This hiatus covers the whole 
of the younger Goodwin's incumbency. 

&<©2S(£&C C&i?2l<0&, M. A. instituted by Compton, bishop of London, 
13 July 1681. Born at Stoneleigh in Warwickshire, and a prebendary 
of Lincoln, he had held the donative rectory of Monken Hadley from the 
year 1673. His signature, followed by its customary note of admiration, 
(Robert Tayler Eector !) is first met with there on the 26 Dec. in that 
year. b After his appointment to Barnet, he was necessarily aided by 
assistant curates, perhaps in each of the three parishes. John Penniston, 
who, in 1695, was curate of Hadley, is also described as curate of East 
Barnet, and John Brown, as of Barnet, 5 March 1705-6, who was of 
Hadley 3 July 1707. c Happily there are no traces at Barnet of any 
such altercations as appear to have disturbed his relations with certain 
of his Hadley parishioners. In his will/ dated 3 Dec. 1717, he desires 
to be buried in the church yard of East Barnet. He mentions his sister, 
Barbara Baddams, of Stoneleigh, — his cousin John Smart of London, — his 
cousin Mary Bowton of Coventry, sempstress, — his brother John Tayler 
of Pickford gate in Allesley co. Warwick, and his brother's son, Thomas 
Tayler now of London, who has seven or eight children, and grandson, 
Thomas Tayler, " now of Baliol Colledge f in Oxford," — his cousin Robert 
Lee esq. of Binfield co. Berks — his cousin Captain Kerr and his lady and 

a Pr. P.C.C. 8 July 1681. Book North 108. 

b Hist, of Monken Hadley, p. 95 ct seq. 

c North Mimms. Par. Reg. 

d Pr. P.C.C. 18 Feb. 1718-9 by his cousins, John Arnold, victualler, of St. Martin's lane and Mary 
his wife. Book Browning 37. 

c Vide supra, p. 184. 

* Termino Michaelis 1718 Oct. 24 Thomas Tayler filius natu 3 tius Richardi Tayler de Paroch : Sti. 
Michaelis in civitat : Coventria Pleb. admissus est Battellarius. 1718-9 Mar 11, Thomas Tayler, qui 
Oct. 24 admissus fuit Battellarius, nunc admissus est Serviens. Ball: Coll: Matriculation book. 



22G The Parish of East Barnet. 

my lady Mitchel. He gives £5 to the poor of each of the parishes of 
Hadley, East Barnet, High Barnet and Stoneleigh, £5 to the Rev. Mr. 
Barcock of Barnet, and to his other two curates at the time of his death 
40 s each to buy rings. 

Mr. Tayler became a Governor of the Grammar School 4 Eeb. 1688-9. 
He died 18 Feb. 1718-9 aged 72. 

<§*2US<£&C 232U&B(£C, MM. instituted by Bobinson, bishop of 
London, 6. Apr. 1719. Of Merton College, Oxford, B.A. 17 May, 1706 ; 
second son of Gilbert Burnet, D.D. the celebrated bishop of Salisbury, 
who was born at Edinburgh, 18 Sep. 1643, and whose father became a 
lord of Session, under the title of lord Cromont. The bishop's third wife, 
by whom his children were brought up, was Elizabeth, eldest daughter 
and co-heir of Sir Richard Blake of St. John's Clerkenwell, who had 
previously married, at the age of 17, Mr. Robert Berkeley of Spetchley. a 
She was a remarkable woman in her day, conspicuous for intellectual 
gifts, and published anonymously, " A Method of Devotion or Rules of 
Holy and Devout Living, put together for private use." After her death, 
the author's name was supplied. b 

Bishop Burnet's will was dated, 24 Oct. c 1712, and in it he desires to 
be interred in the south aisle of Salisbury cathedral, where two of his 
children were buried. He divides his property into six equal parts, giving 
two to his eldest son and executor, William, 11 and equal shares to his four 
remaining children, Gilbert, Mary, Elizabeth, and Thomas, and mentions a 
nephew, Gilbert Burnet, an advocate at Edinburgh. In a codicil he leaves 
all his papers to his son Gilbert "with this express order that none of them 
be printed, but that he keep them all for his own use or destroy them as 
he thinks fitt." There are certain reservations to this, however, and the 

a Vide supra, p. 58. Pedigree of Conyers and Berkeley* 

" Life in the English Church (1660-1714) by J. H. Overton M.A. ; Thomas Burnet's life of his 
father, prefixed to Burnet's Hist, of his Own Times ; Account of Mrs. Elizabeth Burnet in Memoirs of her 
by Thomas Goodwyn D.D. archdeacon of Oxford (afterwards Archbishop of Cashel), prefixed to her 
Method of Devotion. 

c Vr. P.C.C. 24 March 1714-5. Book Fagg 58. 

d Born at The Hague in 1688 and godson of the Prince of Orange. He was governor of New York 
in 1720. Biocj. Univ. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 227 

History of his Own Times is not to be printed for six years after his 
decease. 

Concerning the rector of East Barnet, we have it stated a that " he was 
supposed to have been a contributor to Hibernicus's Letters, and was 
certainly one of the authors of the Free Thinker : during the Bangorian 
controversy he proved an able assistant to Bishop Hoadly, in whose defence 
he wrote three pamphlets. In 1719 he brought out an abridgement of his 
father's history of the Reformation." The Biog. Univ. says of him," II 
donna au public ses JEssais de meditations sur la religion et la morale, et 
l'ouvrage fameux connu sous le titre KIListoire de man temps, Londres, 
1724 in fol. 2 vol ; le premier volume a ete traduit en francais sous cet 
autre titre; JSistoire des dernieres revolutions d' 'Angleterre, la Haye, 1725, 
2 vol. in 4to." 

He was elected a Governor of the Grammar School, 24 Aug. 1719, and 
died in 172G, being buried in East Barnet church beneath the rector's pew, 
on the north side of the altar, without any memorial. Admin, of Gilbert 
Burnet, clerk, bach r dec d was granted P.C.C. 5 Apr. 1728 to Thomas 
Burnet esq. the brother. " If he had not been cut off in early life," says 
Dr. Kippis, " he would no doubt have made a distinguished figure in the 
literary world, and it is probable would have risen to an high rank in the 
Church." 

Wl%3tfL%&M 233¥ffi JRJL instituted by Gibson, bishop of London, 
18 July 1726. Born at York ; pensioner of Clare College Camb. 28 May 
1717 ; B.A. 1720; fellow 1722; M.A. 1725 ; D.D. 1728. A Governor of 
the Barnet Grammar School 19 Aug. 1728. In the East Barnet Reg. we 
find that " Carey, daughter of Carey and William daye, rector of this 
parish, was bapt 21 Aug. 1730." He resigned, upon being appointed, 27 
Jan. to the rectory of Toppesfield and, 19 Eeb. 1730-1, to that of Stanford 
Rivers, both in Essex. b The baptisms of a daughter, Caroline, and a son, 
Israel-Davidson, occur in 1735 and 1737 respectively, and, at Stanford 
Rivers, we have the burial entry, " 1737. William Daye D.D. Rector of 
this parish, Aug 20th." Under one of the pews in the chancel is a grey 
stone, with a shield of arms much defaced, and the inscription, " Here 

a Lysons, iv. 17. b Morant's Essex, i. 153, ii. 362. 



228 The Parish of East Bar net. 

lies interred the body of the Rev. William Daye D.D. Rector of this place, 
who died y e 16 day of August .... Aged 40 years." The arms 
still decipherable are .... a chevron . . , . a mullet in base; 
impaling .... a lion ramp. betw. ten cinquefoils. Crest, Two 
wings. These seem to be the arms that were granted, 28 Oct. 1582, to 
William Daye B.D. provost of Eton and dean of Windsor, afterwards for 
a short time bishop of Winchester, ex generosa Cambrensium familia 
oriundus;" Per chev. or and az. three mullets counterchanged. Crest, 
two winged hands clasped ppr, the one wing or charged with a mullet az. 
and the other az. charged with a mullet or. a 

&# C2&a&2D %$WL&3B$), M.A. instituted by Gibson, bishop of London, 
12 March 1730-1. Born at Devizes. Of Ch. Ch. Oxford, where he 
appears in the Matric. P^eg. 22 March 1709-10, as Richard Bundy- 
Francklin, of Devizes, gent, aged 10 ; B,A. 1713 ; M.A. 1716. He also 
became rector of S fc Bride's, Fleet Street, in 1732, and Canon of 
Westminster in the same year. In 1723 he published, by subscription, 
'Apparatus Publicus, or an Introduction to the Holy Scriptures in 3 
books,' a handsome 4 t0 volume, translated from the French of Pere Lamy, 
by Richard Bundy, and dedicated to the Princess of Wales. Between 
1728 and 1737 was issued in 6 vols fo. an elaborate work entitled ' The 
Roman History with Notes, Historical, Geographical, and Critical, and 
illustrated w r ith Copper Plates, Maps, and a great number of Authentic 
Medals. Done into English from the original French of the R,ev. 
Fathers Catrou and Rouille. Dedicated by the translator R. Bundy to 
II.R.H. Frederick Lewis, Prince of Brunswick b Lunenburg, Duke of 
Edinburgh, &c.' Two volumes of ' Sermons on Several Occasions : with a 
Course of Lectures on the Church Catechism, by Richard Bundy D.D. 
late Prebendary of Westminster and Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty,' 
were published, by subscription, in 1740, after his death. 

He was elected, 9 Oct. 1732, a Governor of the Barnet Grammar 
School, and was admitted in fee, 8 Apr. 1735, to a close and 6 acres of 
pasture at East Barnet, to which his daughter and heir, Mary Bundy, was 



a Ashm. Libr. MS. 834, f. 55. 

b Better known as Frederick, Prince of Wales. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 229 

admitted 24 Apr. 1739, and surrendered the same to John Thomlinson 
esq. 17 Apr. I750. a Dying 27 Jan. 1738-9, he was buried at Devizes. 
Admin, as "late of the parish of S* Anne, Westminster, dec 1 '" was granted 
P.C.C. 12 Feb. to Anne Bundy, the relict. 

Bevond this, little survives of his connection with East Barnet, Mr. 
Underwood says that " his successors in this Rectory owe much to his 
memory.'' By resorting to the expedient of taking his tithes in kind 
from certain reluctant land-holders, he compelled the parishioners to 
assent to a more equitable composition, thereby augmenting the value of 
the benefice and gaining for himself Mr. Underwood's ungrudging 
approval. 

m&&$€1L €$&$<£«<#> M@&WUF<®&®, instituted by Gibson, 
bishop of London, 13 Feb. 1738-9. According to Mr. Underwood's notes, 
he was dismissed by the King from the Prussian Service " on account of 
his diminutive stature and mean appearance," but Mr. Underwood's 
statements are not always to be taken au pied de la lettre. Mr. Beaufort 
incurred his displeasure, by departing from the improved method of tithe 
levying introduced by his predecessor and, either through ignorance or 
indifference, allowing the rate of collection to revert to its former irre- 
gularity. It is at all events fair to suppose that, being a foreigner, he 
may not have sufficiently mastered the system. " He reduced the tithes" 
— he complains — " in both parishes to the low composition which his 
predecessor, as a faithful steward to the Church, had taken so much pains 
to set aside." 

This family, said to have been formerly seated at Meaux, fled to 
Sedan at the time of the massacre of St Bartholomew. Prancois de 
Beaufort, born at Roucy, near Laon, in 1661, son of Jean de Beaufort and 
Elizabeth Jacobe, emigrated from Erance at the revocation of the Edict 
of Nantes and became chancellor at Lippe-Detmold, where he died in 
1714, having married Louise Marie de Brazy, by whom he had three sons, 
Alexandre, 13 Daniel-Cornelis, and Louis. c The 2 nd son, born at Wesel in 

» Manor Book No. 14 f. 105. 

b B. at Roucy 1683; became a major-general in the Prussian service and governor of Minden. 
c B. 1703; author of a dissertation on the first five centuries of the history of Rome, and other 
works ; d. 1795. 

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The Parish of East Barnet. 231 

1700 5 quitted the Prussian army for the University of Utrecht and took 
holy orders. He subsequently came to England, where he was appointed 
minister of La Patente in 1728 and of l'Eglise de l'Artillerie in Parlia- 
ment St., Artillery Court, in 1729, a being afterwards ordained deacon in 
Sep. and priest in Dec. 1731, by the bishop of London. In 1738, he was 
married, 1 * at St. Martin Orgars, to Esther Gougeon, and is described in the 
register as " ministre des egiises unies de la Savoir et de St. Martin 
Orgars." A few months later he came to East Barnet, was elected a 
governor of the Grammar School, 18 Oct. 1740, and naturalised 15 
Geo. II. His connection with Barnet lasted only four years. In 1743 
he accompanied the earl of Harrington c to Ireland, and in 1747 became 
rector of Navan co. Meath. Erom 1753 to 1758 he was provost and 
archdeacon of Tuam, when he exchanged those preferments for the rectory 
of Clonenagh, resigning Navan in 1765 in favour of his son Daniel 
Augustus Beaufort, but retaining Clonenagh until his death in 1788, in 
which year, being then 88 years old/ 1 he published " A short account of 
the doctrines and practices of the Church of Borne, divested of all Con- 
troversy, and humbly recommended to the perusal of all good Catholics as 
well as Protestants." It may be questioned whether this Elp-qviKov met 
with better success than many another well-intentioned effort of a 
kindred nature. 

The name of Daniel Augustus Beaufort LL.D. e rector of Navan and 
of Collon, co. Louth, the next representative, in this country, of a gifted 
family, is well known as that of the compiler of one of the best maps of 
Ireland/ a man of literary tastes and attractive conversational powers. 
His younger son, admiral Sir Francis Beaufort, K.C.B., Hydrographer to 
the Admiralty, married Honora, daughter, by his 3 rd marriage, of llichard 
Lovell Edgeworth, of Edgewonh's Town, father, by his 1 st marriage, of 
the celebrated Maria Edgeworth, a name dear to the young of a former 

a Agnew, Protestant Exiles from France p. 320 ; Smiles, Huguenots, p. 497. 

b Mar. Lie. 10 July 1738. Daniel Beaufort, clerk, of St. Anne's Westminster, bach r . 27 (sic) and 
Esther Gougeon of St. James' "Westminster, Spr. 21. 

c William Stanhope, 1st earl of Harrington, was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1746. 

a Lysons, iv. 17, 18. 

c Sch. 1757 ; B.A. 1759 ; M.A. 1764 ; LL.D. 1789 honoris causa. Trim Coll. Dublin, lists. 

f Memoir of a Map of Ireland, dedicated to the King, 1792. 

2g2 



232 The Parish of East Barnet. 

generation, 11 and who took for a 4 th wife, 31 May 1798, Frances- Anne 
Beaufort, 1 ' eldest sister of the admiral. Emily-Anne, the youngest 
daughter of Sir Francis, married the 8 th and last viscount Strangford, who 
d. s.p. in 1869, and has acquired a well-deserved name in literature being, 
as well as her accomplished husband, held in high personal esteem in the 
East. 

&%M$&&L <&&<®W<&, EL.B. 1721 of Trim Coll. Cambridge. Instituted 
by Gibson, bishop of London, 7 Apr. 1713. Of French extraction, the 
son of a sugar baker in Spitalfiekls, whose name was Grou. It was a 
frequent habit with refugees to change their patronymic into an English 
equivalent, where possible, or else into a name bearing some phonetic 
resemblance to that which they discarded. The admin, of Isaac Grou. c 
als Grove, late of the parish of St. James, Westminster, widower, was 
granted, 2 Dec. 1751, to the Rev. Samuel Grove, the son and only 
child. 

Mr Grove was elected a governor of the Grammar School, 6 Oct. 
1753. Mr Underwood, in his notes, visits his memory with a repetition 
of the condemnation launched against his predecessor, though, if any- 
thing, in more unsparing language. " He was no better Steward," he 
records, " than Mr Beaufort. Though he possessed this preferment 26 
years & an ample private fortune, he was shamefully inattentive not only 
to common necessary repairs but even common decency throout both the 
house and premises." 

Mr Grove's will; 1 dated 26 March 1768, was pr. P.C.C. 22 Feb. 1769, 
by Martha, the relict, and Martha Grove spr. the daughter. Subject to 
his wife's interest, under settlement, he leaves everything to his daughter 
and only child, with remainder to his kinsman, Samuel Grove, of New 

a " Miss Beaufort, the eldest daughter, possessed uncommon talents for drawing, sketched 

designs for some of my stories." Memoirs of Richard Lovell Edgeworth esq. by Maria Edgeworth, 3rd 
ed. 1844, p. 354. " I am going to be married to a young lady of small fortune and large accomplishments, 
— compared with my age, much youth (not quite 30), and more prudence — some beauty, more sense, — un- 
common talents, more uncommon temper, — liked by my family, loved by me." R. L. E. lb. p. 356. 

b Hayward's Essays, vol. i. 134, 152. 

c Isaac Grove of St. James' Westminster, bur. 19 Nov. 1754. Par. Reg. 

d Book Bogg 46. Samuel Grove, rector of this parish, bur. 25 Feb. 1769. Par. Reg. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 233 

Cock lane, Betlmal Green, weaver, power being reserved to his daughter 
to revoke this limitation by deed or will. The widow died 4 Apr. 1789, 
aged 79 and, on the 20, admin, was granted, as of the parish of St. 
James Westminster, to her daughter. The latter died unm. 24 June 
1794, aged 60 and, in the register of her burial, 1 July, is described as of 
Orchard St. Portman Square. 

On the 24 July 1775, was pr. P.C.C. by Mary Grove a the relict (Book 
Alexander 271), the will, dated 16 Aug. 1773, of Edward Grove of 
Shippon House co. Berks, gent, in which mention is made of his wife, 
Mary, his sisters Mary, Elizabeth and Catherine, his brother Samuel and 
his niece Catherine. Adm. c. T of Samuel Grove, of Leicester Square 
gent, was granted 3 Oct. 1787 (the will dated 22 Eeb. 1782) to Catherine 
Grove spr. the daughter (Book Major 449). The only names mentioned 
are those of his sister Catherine Grove and his daughter, to whom he 
devises lands at Taynton in Gloucestershire. 

%@&$&M1t& WL&®<£&Wl@<©&, M.A. instituted by Terrick, 
bishop of London, 14 Aug. 1769. Born at Lynn Begis, in Norfolk, 12 
June 1736, the son of Mr Bobert Underwood, for many years town-clerk 
of the borough, by his wife Bridget, eldest daughter of Charles Keene, 
alderman of the same, sister of Sir Benjamin Keene knt, b ambassador to 
the Court of Spain, and of Dr Edmund Keene, bishop of Chester 1752 
and of Ely 1771 (d. 6 July 1781). Educated at Bury St. Edmund's 
School, Suffolk ; a pensioner of Benet, or Corpus Christi, Coll. Camb. 
B.A. 1758, Eellow 1759, M.A. 1761 ; Deacon 11 Eeb. 1759, by his uncle, 
the bishop of Chester, Priest 6 June 1762 ; Curate of Basingstoke Hants 
until his appointment to East Barnet. In 1774 he was presented by his 

a Edward Grove esq. of St. Helen's Abingdon, 7 July 1775 ; Elizabeth Grove of Leicester Fields, 
London, 1G Aug 1776 ; Mary Grove of St. George's Hanover Square, 9 March 1780; Samuel Grove of 
Leicester Fields, aged 83, 18 Sep. 1787 ; Martha Grove, widow of the late rector, aged 79, 11 Apr. 1789. 
Bur. Reg. E. B. Admin, of Mary Grove, of St. George's Hanover Sq. spr. was gr. 19 Apr. 1780 to 
Catherine Grove spr. the sister. 

b d. s.p. at Madrid in 1757. 

c B. at Lynn Regis ; of Caius Coll. Camb. ; rector of Stanhope, co. Durh. 1740 ; Master of Peter- 
house, Camb. 1750. Edmund Keene, bishop of Chester, bachr. and Mary Andrews of Edmonton spr. 
were mar. at Edmonton by Lie. 12 May 1752. He sold Ely House, Holborn, by Act of Parliament. 
Robinson's Hist, of Edmonton, 71 ; Gent's. Mag. 



234 The Parish of East Barnet. 

College to St Mary Abchurch, in London, and collated 23 Aug. 1780, to 
a prebend in the cathedral of Ely. In relation to this last piece of 
preferment, a pungent comment has been preserved, of which charity 
might perhaps counsel the suppression but which, in view of the strictures 
passed by him upon his predecessors, it seems but justice to transcribe. 
"The r. r. the L d Bp. of Ely has been pleased to collate the rev. 
Benjamin Underwood M.A., to a Prebenclal Hall in his Cathedral. He is 
nephew to the Bp. who seemed so to disregard him, that he has disposed 
of 8 or 9 Stalls before he gave him this, & D r Colman told me about 6 
months ago, that when the Stall was vacant that was given to Cooke, he 
was so disappointed by the other's having got it, that he cried like a child 
at it. He seems to me to be a poor creature." a 

Was it in requital of these accumulated favours that Mr. Underwood 
permitted so many of the episcopal connection to find a last resting-place 
in the churchyard ? " John Keene esq. of Lambeth : uncle to the present 
incumbent and brother to the Lord Bp. of Chester," was bur. 16 Nov. 
I770. b Lancelot Andrews esq. whose only child had married the bishop 
of Chester, was bur. c 4 Eeb. 1772. "Mr. Walter Hollis, secretary to the 
Lord Bp. of Ely," was bur.' 1 2 Jan. 1778, Peter Haxley, Porter to the 
Lord Bp. of Ely was bur. 9 May 1780, " Mrs. Sarah Cracroft, wife of Mr. 
Thomas Cracroft, first clerk in the Accomptant General's office. She was 
the 2 ml daughter of the Rev d Venn Eyre, archdeacon of Carlisle, rector of 
Stamborn and Stambridge in Essex and Lecturer of Lynn in Norfolk, and 
Cosin to the present Rector of this parish, was bur. 29 Oct. 1794. Mr. 
Thomas Cracroft, of the Accountant General's Office, was bur. 26 
May 1808." 

a Cambridge Chronicle, 19 Aug. 1780 ; Alphabetical Collections for an Athenae Cantab. Mns. Br. 
ex. dono test. G. Cole A. M. (auctore "Rev. William Cole of Milton, Cambridgeshire). Add. MS. 5884, 
f. 31 b . 

b The will of John Keene, of St. Mary Lambeth, gent, dated 24 Oct. in which he bequeaths every- 
thing to his " faithful wife and friend Sarah, daughter of William "Webb late of Ratcliff Cross, in the 
parish of Stepney, mariner, deed." was pr. P.C.C. 21 Nov. 1770, by the relict. Book Jenner 401. 

c Will pr. P.C.C 6 Feb. 1772. Book Taverner 35. See Ruck-Keene of Swyncomb. Burke's Landed 
Gentry. 

d Mr. Underwood records that he was bur. in the churchyard, ~N. of the Groves, without any 
memorial. Admin, of Walter Hollis of St. George's Hanover Sq. dec. granted, 4 Jan. 1778, to Phcebe 
Hollis, the relict. William, son of Phcebe Hollis, widow, of Little Carington St. May Fair, bur. 1 June 1780. 



The 'Parish of Hast Barnet. 235 

Mr. Underwood's long incumbency covered the entire period of the 
great European contest that followed the outbreak of the French revo- 
lution, and only terminated when Napoleon had suffered the crowning 
defeat of Waterloo. At this comparatively distant date, it is hard to 
realize the anxiety that prevailed at this time throughout the country. 
The martello towers still existing along portions of our south cost testify 
to the need that was felt for unremitting watchfulness and, in my early 
days, I was acquainted with many who remembered how rumours ran 
from time to time that the dreaded enemy had already effected a landing. 
The Rev. Thomas Twining, M.A. rector of S fc Mary's Colchester, quitted 
that place at the beginning of Nov. 1793, to spend the winter at 
Cambridge, owing to the apprehension of a French invasion.* 1 " I suppose 
you will not ask me why I leave Colchester," he writes on Oct. 31, " I 
leave it because I am afraid to stay in it. Many have left, more are 
preparing to leave it, though I myself think there is very little danger, 
yet I should be very uneasy to stay here and run the risk." 

In 1803, an assembly of notables was held at East Barnet, of which 
the following printed record has been preserved. 

At a Meeting, held by Notice of the respective Committees of the 
United Parishes of High and East Barnet, in the Parish Church of East 
Barnet, August 16, 1803, 

Resolved unanimously, That we the Parishioners of High and East Barnet, taking 
into our most serious consideration the eventful period of our situation, are determined 
to unite our strength, and stand or fall, by our King, our Country, and our Religion, 
threatened by a daring Usurper, who has promised to his soldiers, that the Cottage, as 
well as the Palace, shall be given up to universal pillage, in order to excite them to the 
attempt on our island. Englishmen must keep in mind, that danger common to all must 
be repelled by united efforts. 

Resolved, That we form ourselves into a Body, to learn the use of Arms, to be better 
enabled to fulfil the duties we owe to our Country, our Families, and all that is valuable 
in civil Society. 

Resolved, That in case of actual Invasion, or Insurrection, we will be ready, 
conformably to the long established and settled Law of our Country, to use our united 
efforts to defend a mild and benevolent King, and give a memorable example to all 

a Recreations and Studies of a Country Clergyman of the 18th Century, pp. 235, 237, note. 



236 



The Parish of East Barnet. 



Invaders, that the hearts of true Englishmen will not be conquered, or accept any 
quarter from a perfidious and cruel foe ; for should Englishmen be so far deluded, 
as to submit to terms after a fight, the moment would quickly follow, when their 
throats would be cut, their wives polluted, and their children bayonetted. Let 
us tell that Murderer, who, at Jaffa, put his prisoners to death in cold blood, that 
if he looks for the conquest of this Country, he must take it without inhabitants. 

Resolved. That a Subscription for cloathing, and other purposes, which may be thought 
by the Committee conducive to the benefit of our United Parishes, be entered into 
and that the smallest contribution will be received with gratitude, and applied with 
fidelity. 

(Signed) HENRY WARRE, Chairman. 
August 16, 1803. 

Resolved unanimously, That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to Henry Warre, 
Esq. for his readiness in accepting the Chair, and for his impartiality and ability in 
discharging the duties attached to it. 

Benj. Underwood, Rector, William Henry Phibbs, 

William Marr, Curate, M. Smith, 

Christopher Nockells, John Matthews, 

Isaac Newton, Richard Fletcher, 1 

Alex. Coombe, Philip Roberts Wilson, 

Joseph Addington, Joseph Rodbard, 

John Gorbe, Richard Abbott. 

Robert Tai ster, 



By way of contrast with, the foregoing amusing bombast may be 
quoted a letter written by Lord Lyndhurst to his sister Mrs. Greene 
in America, in the preceding month. " You are no doubt anxious for 
our fate," he writes on July 28, 1803, " menaced as we are with subjuga- 
tion by our restless and powerful enemy. For ourselves, however, we 
have no fears and apprehensions whatever. We are nearly prepared for 
the reception of these ferocious Gauls ; and in the course of three or four 
weeks our means of defence will be so complete that, even if they should 
succeed in evading the vigilance of our fleets, they must be overwhelmed 
by the number of our military, before they can penetrate far from the 
shore. "We are in fact all soldiers." a 

A.nother memorial, of which we have witnessed the counterpart in our 
own day, belongs to the incumbency of Mr. Underwood. " Wednesday 

a Life of Lord Lyndhurst, by Sir Theodore Martin, K.C.B. p. 96. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 237 

25tli Oct r 1809, Being the memorable day of the King's accession to 
the Throne and entrance of the 50 th year of his Reign, a Jubilee was 
celebrated both in East .Barnet and Chipping Barnet, when the poor in 
each Parish were supplied with a comfortable and liberal repast of Bread, 
Meat, and Beer, by the generous Subscription of the more opulent 
inhabitants." a 

Mr. Underwood died at the Rectory, 14 Sep. 1815, b in his 80 ,h year, 
having never married. For a considerable time previously he had been 
very infirm, and I have conversed with those who had often seen him 
assisted into his carriage. He took some pains as a chronicler of parochial 
events and in gathering information for Lysons, but was by no means 
invariably accurate. After a fashion he was a benefactor to the church, 
though the font, which he bestowed, has been long since banished to the 
churchyard. Requiescat in pace. 

®&Wm imiBHLi&SBl <B&&&®Wt B.D. instituted by Howley, 
bishop of London, 7 Nov. 1815, and inducted 9 Nov. by the Rev. T. H. 
Elwin, curate of North Mimms. Son of Sir William Garrow knt. 
successively solicitor and attorney general and afterwards a baron of the 
exchequer, and P.C. whose father, the Rev. David Garrow, kept a school at 
The Priory, Monken Hadley ; c of Ch. Ch. Oxford; matric. 20 Oct. 1800, 
aged 19, as the son of William Garrow of Plumpton, Kent, esq. B.A 180-1 ; 
barrister at law of Line-Inn, 1806; M.A. 1807; B.D. 1814; D.D. 1818. d 
Elected a Governor of the Barnet Grammar School 21 Dec. 1815. 

Dr. Garrow, one of the chaplains in ordinary to the Prince Regent, 
published, by subscription, in 1818, ' The History and Antiquities of 
Croydon,' as well as Sermons preached at St. Paul's Cathedral, 21 May 
1818, at the Eestival of the Sons of the Clergy and, at St. Alban's Abbey, 
9 July 1822, at the Visitation of the bishop of London, besides ' The 
Resurrection, a paraphrase (in verse) of 1 Cor. xv,' printed at Barnet in 
1823, and the profits of which were given to the National School at East 
Barnet. 

a Mr. Underwood's notes. 

b Gent's. Mag. 1815, ii. 377. 

c See Hist, of Monken Hartley, 183 ; Foss. Judges, ix. 8G. 

d Alumni Oxonienses, Foster. 

2h 



288 The Parish of East Barnet. 

Dr. Garrow died suddenly, 11 Apr. 1827. Having dined the previous 
evening at Everley Lodge, he was found dead in his bed in the morning. 
Two volumes of Dr. Bundy's sermons, together with one of his own, were 
bequeathed by him to his successor. He married Miss Charlotte Caroline 
Proby, who died at The Priory, Totteridge, 3 June 1841, aged 63, and was 
there buried. By her he had three sons and five daughters, the youngest 
of whom, Katherine- Caroline, married at Totteridge, 22 March 1838, a 
William Bradstreet esq. of Oaklands, Hants, and of Emman. Coll. Camb. 
M.A. who afterwards took holy orders, and was successively vicar of Nack- 
ington, Kent, and rector of Theberton, Suffolk. His third son, George- 
William, of Wore. Coll. Oxford, matric. 10 Nov. 1836, aged 19, exhibi- 
tioner 1837-41 ; B. A. 1S40 ; P.C. of S l Patrick, Tamworth ; afterwards 
chaplain R.N. 1847-8, and died at Port Royal, Jamaica. 13 The third 
daughter, Georgina Lsetitia, widow of H. Crawfurcl esq. formerly of Saint 
Hill, Sussex, died 23 May 1888, at Windsor. 

Cffi#J$ia,# ffi<0J2&l> eiLWek®., M.A. instituted by Howley, bishop 
of London, 29 June 1827, and inducted the following day by Thomas 
Henry Winbolt, curate of Chipping Barnet. Born 8 June 1788 ; matiic. 
from Wore. Coll. Oxford, 10 July 1807, aged 19; B.A. 1811 ; M.A. 1822. 
Third and youngest son of Fountain Elvvin of Edmonton esq. who had 
been private secretary to General Try on, Governor of New York, and 
afterwards of Gray's Inn, b. 1736, d. 1833, 4 th son of Peter Elwin of 
Booton and Thirning co. Norfolk, and Gray's Inn, by Philippa daughter 
of Thomas Marsham, of Stratton Strawless, 2 nd son of Eountain Elwin, of 
Thirning, who married Ann daughter and coheiress of Hobert Hastings of 
Barney. His elder brothers were Eountain, lieut. -colonel of the 44 th reg* 
and afterwards of Edmonton and Gray's Inn, who died 8 Dec. 1846, aged 
67, and Henry, a lieutenant in the army, who died of wounds received at 
the battle of Salamanca. 

Mr. Elwin, who married, 15 Jan. 1812, Eliza Eleonora/ eldest 

a Gent's. Mag. 

b Alunmi Oxonienses, Foster. 

c Foster's Our Noble and Gentle Families, i. 79, 80. 

d Gent's. Mag. Mrs. Elwin, born on the same day as her husband, 8 June 1788, died at East Barnet 
rectory, 10 Sep. 1836. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 239 

daughter of William Monk a esq. of Enfield, by Jane 2 ,ul daughter of the 
Rev. David Garrow of Monken Hadley, by whom he had five sons and 
five daughters, was curate of North Minims, where he occupied the 
vicarage, 1814-1817. Between 1822 and 1824 he was vicar of Worming- 
ford, near Colchester, where his son George Harvey Elwin was baptized 
2 Nov. 1823, whilst from that date until 1827 he was rector of Bradfield 
S* Clare in Suffolk. He was elected a governor of the Barnet Grammar 
School, 19 Nov. 1827, and for many years, as chairman, was a regular 
attendant at the meetings of the Poor Law Guardians. In 1844-5 he 
acted as chaplain to Mr. Cass of Little Grove, when high-sheriff of Hert- 
fordshire, and preached the sermons before the judges, in All Saints 
church, b at the Spring and Summer assizes. He was among the first to 
follow the injunction of bishop Blomfield, contained in his charge to 
the clergy in 1842, and to adopt the surplice in the pulpit. During his 
incumbency, a redistribution of the dioceses brought Hertfordshire within 
that of Rochester under Dr. George Murray, one of the last of the bench 
to adhere to the episcopal wig, attired in which he held a confirmation at 
Chipping Barnet in 1854. Hertfordshire was subsequently transferred to 
the reconstituted see of St. Albans, with Dr. Claughton, previously of 
Rochester, as its diocesan, in 1877. 

Having been some time in failing health, Mr. Elwin died at East 
Barnet rectory on Tuesday 17 July 1866, and was buried in the church- 
yard on the 24, the rector of Monken Hadley officiating. He was a man 
of fine presence and dignified manners, and an impressive reader and 
preacher, though his delivery would probably have been pronounced too 
slow and measured, according to the standard of later times. At one 
period he attracted numerous strangers to the services at the little church, 
and the present writer well remembers the line of carriages drawn up 
along the footpath leading from the gate, at the conclusion of the 
mornins: service. 



'S 



Arms. Arff. a chev. ffu. betw. three martlets sa. Crest: A staff's head 



& 



erased ppr. armed or. 



&&&&%€& (Bi^W^MM y&%M<&WL 9 B.A. instituted by Wigram, 



a Died suddenly Dec. 1813. Gent's. Mag. 
b Totally destroyed by fire on Mond. 21 Dec. 1891. 

2 H 2 



210 The Tarisli of Hast Barnet. 

bishop of Rochester, and inducted, 15 Nov. 1866, by the rector of Monken 
Hadley, to the rectory of East Barnet, the parishes having been separated 
by the earl of Derby, for the Queen, as patron, upon the death of Mr. 
Edwin. The population, set down as 922, at the time of Mr. Hadow's 
appointment, is put at 5126 according to the Census of 1891. On the 10 
March 1801 it only numbered 353, (males 185, females 168), the inhabited 
houses being 56 and the uninhabited 5. Mr. Hadow was of Kind's 
Coll. London, Assoc. 1848 ; a matriculated at Oxford from Trin. Coll. of 
which ho was an exhibitioner, 2 March 184S, aged 20; B.A. 1851; 
deacon 1852, priest 1853, by archbp. of Cant, curate of Crayford, Kent, 
1852-4; chaplain to the forces in the Crimea 1854; curate of S* George's 
Hanover Sq. 1856-7; chaplain H. E. I. C. Service 1857-65, during the 
Indian Mutiny. He is the 2 nd son of James Edward Hadow, of 
Highbury Grove and Mincing Lane esq, merchant, who died at Morden 
College, Blackheath, 25 Oct. 1882, in his 88 th year, having been the 
second son of the Rev. James Hadow, born at S fc Andrew's Scotland 30 
Jan. 1757, eldest son of George Hadow of the same M.D., who had studied 
painting as well as medicine in Italy, and whose father, James Hadow 
D.D. Principal of S* Mary's College at S fc Andrews in 1696, was the son of 
Captain John Hadow, of Douglas by Hamilton, said to have come over, 
or returned, from Holland with William the Third. 

The Bev. James Hadow matriculated at Oxford, from Balliol College, 
9 June 1773, aged 16, as a Snell exhibitioner from Glasgow University ; 
B.A. 1777, M.A. 1780, and was afterwards vicar of Streatly and Sundon 
Bedfordshire from 1781 to 1841. Upon relinquishing his cures he con- 
tinued to reside on the spot, and died on his 90 th birthday, 30 Jan. 1847, 
leaving, as we are told, 41 children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren 
" to whom he has bequeathed the best inheritance — a virtuous example," b 
and of whom it has been lately written that the name of James Hadow 
still remains " very sweet in these parts." His youngest brother, Patrick 
Hadow, having acquired a fortune in India, resided for some years at 
Colney Chapel, Hertfordshire, and served as high sheriff for that county 
in 1824. He died in Harley Street 8 Eeb. 1860, in his 92 nd year. 

Since Mr. Hadow became rector of East Barnet, a south aisle has been 
added in 1868, the National Schools built in 1871 and the chancel and 

a Alumni Oxen. Foster. b Gent's. Mag. 1847, i. 447. 



The Parish of East Bamet. 241 

organ chamber in 1880. He married at the parish church of Crayford, 
12 Nov. 1856, Jane Mary, eldest daughter of James MacGregor esq. of 
May Place, Crayford, M.P. for Sandwich and by her has had five sons and 
a daughter, 1 Charles James, 2 Malcolm MacGregor, 3 Alfred MacGregor, 
deceased, 4 Edward MacGregor, in holy orders, 5 Fanny May, 6 Philip 
Stanley, died in infancy. Alfred, the 3 rd son, was amongst those who 
perished in the emigrant ship Kapunda, which sailed from London on the 
16 Dec. 1866 and foundered off the coast of Brazil on the following 20 Jan. 
He was 25 years old. 

Arms (upon the old house in the High Street of S l Andrew's formerly 
occupied by the family): Arg. a saltire engr. sa. within a bordure az. Crest 
a lighted candle erect in a tall candlestick. 

In closing this portion of the subject, it will not be unsuitable to 
introduce a notice of the two rectors of Chipping Barnet, since the 
division of the parishes. 

&#3S4M€ &<$&&<£€€& $2HCC#i£, M.A. instituted 1866. 
Second son of William Macintosh Hutton, of Kennington, Surrey, esq. by 
his wife Elizabeth, daughter of James Chapman and sister of the W Rev. 
James Chapman D.D. bishop of Colombo (1845, resigned 1862), born 17 
June 1825 ; educated on the foundation at Eton ; matriculated at Oxford 
from Trim Coll. 7 March 1844; B.A. 3rd 01. Classics 1848; M.A. 1850; 
deacon 1849, priest 1850, by bishop of London ; curate of St. Barnabas 
Kensington 1849-51 ; of Chipping Barnet 1851-5 ; chaplain of Colney 
Hatch Asylum, 1855-60 ; P.C. of Ch. Ch. Warminster 1860-66. At the 
separation of the livings after the death of Mr. Elwin, Mr. Hutton, then 
at Warminster, obtained the appointment to Chipping Barnet. There 
being no residence attached, he took a house in the High Street, adjoining 
the Girls' Grammar School, on a long lease, and there both he and Mrs. 
Hutton died. An indefatigable worker, unsparing of himself, it was 
mainly through his instrumentality that the parish church of St. John the 
Baptist was rebuilt out of the accumulations of the ' Chancel Fund,' 
created by Mr. James Bavenscroft in 1679 for the sustentation of his 
father's monument, the two north aisles (the southernmost of which 
constituted the original nave) alone remaining of the previous structure. 
The church was reopened in May 1875 by bishop Claughton, the hon. and 
rev. Erancis E. C. Byng preaching the sermon. 



242 The Parish of Bast Barnet. 

Mr. Ilutton married 8 July 1851, at St. Michael's, Chester Square, 
Sybil Harriet, younger daughter of Mr. Edward Snell, and by her had six 
sons, 1. William Edward Chapman, 2. Robert Elood Mortimer, who d. in 
infancy, 3. George James, 4. Charles Antony, 5. Frederick Henry St. 
Clair, 6. Reginald Cecil. She predeceased her husband 8 July 1879, and 
was buried in the Great Northern Cemetery, where he was also interred 
upon his death, 5 Nov. 1887, of heart decease. He was elected a governor 
of the Grammar School, 7 Nov. 1551, resigning when he left Colney 
Hatch for Warminster, but re-elected upon his return to Barnet as rector, 
and took a leading share in its reconstitution under the New Scheme of 
1873. Barnet owes him much, and the labour of his successors has been 
rendered lighter by his exertions. 

Arms. Arg. on a fess sa. three bucks' heads cabossed or. Crest : Three 
broad arrows, two in saltire and one in pale sa. entiled with a ducal 
coronet or. 

3B&m@%, WLISULiZM JSa^m^CC, M.A. nominated by letters 
patent a under the Great Seal ; instituted 25 Jan. 1888 by Claughton, 
bishop of St. Alban's. B.A. of Trim Coll. Dublin 1871 ; M.A. 1S75 ; 
deacon 1872, priest 1873, by bishop of Ripon ; curate of Bierley Yorksh. 
1872-3 ; of Waltham le Wolds co. Leicester 1873-6 ; in charge of the 
Manton and Kettering Railway Mission, 1876-9 ; curate of Lyddington 
] 879 ; vicar of Nassington and Yarwell, Northants 1879 ; R.D. of Oundle 
1881. Mr Barrett, born in 1847, is descended from an ancient Suffolk 
family. He married, in 1877, Annie Sophia, daughter of Captain Rendell 
R.N. of Steyning, Sussex, and has issue two sons, John Rendell Hatherley, 
and Alan Medland, and two daughters, Christine Mary and Margaret 
Annie. Arms. b Arg. a bend az. betw. three lozenge buckles, the tongues 
fesseways gu. Crest : A pelican ppr. Motto : God me gyde. Grace me 
gouerne. Since Mr. Barrett's appointment a rectory house has been 
built in Wood Street, the first stone of which was laid by the countess of 
Strafford in November 1890. 

a London Gazette, Friday 13 Jan. 1888. 
b Suckling's Suffolk, ii. 160. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 243 



THE RECTORY. 

A memorandum, written by Mr. Goodwin upon his institution in 1639, 
certifies that Mr. Underne left a MS. book to his successor Dr. Grant, who, in 
his turn, left it to Mr. Milward, from whom Mr. Goodwin received it. It con- 
tained this record : — " A parcel of East Barnet churchyard was taken in by Sir 
Anthony Mason, curate there ; it adjoined to the Town House where he then did 
dwell. Two great trees are the mearc a stakes' both for breadth and length." In 
this house Mr. Milward probably resided, when in attendance upon Lady 
Arabella Stuart, and here it is likely that his elder children were born, and 
baptized in the church. Upon becoming master of the Grammar School, he no 
doubt removed to Chipping Barnet, placing a curate at East Barnet. The 
original rectory, therefore, stood near the churchyard gate and, falling into ruin, 
Sir Robert Berkeley purchased the present parsonage and appropriated it to the 
use of the rectors for ever, conveying the premises to Trustees on a lease for 99 
years, renewable at the expiration of the term. The original lease is dated in 
1631, and was renewed in 1730, when Dr. Bundy was rector. 

On the 27 Aug. 1630, Thomas Nicolls, one of the customary tenants of the 
manor, and Elizabeth his wife (the said Elizabeth being examined separately) 
and Daniel, son of the said Thomas, surrendered a cottage, formerly in the tenure 
of Anne Hardwick, 1 ' widow, to the use of Sir Robert Berkeley, and at a view of 
frankpledge, Thurs. 14 Apr., 7 Car. 1631, licence was granted to the said Sir Robert 
to demise the premises to Trustees for 99 years subject to a condition that 
Richard c Bloa (sic) clerk and Erances his wife be permitted to occupy the 
cottage during their respective lives and, after the decease of the survivor, the 
occupation to remain to such clerk or clergyman as shall be resident and 
responsible for the services attaching to the cure, as well as ready to instruct the 
children of the inhabitants in learning and good conduct, who shall further be 
bound to keep the premises in repair and to pay annually to the churchwardens 
the sum of £1. 6. 8, of which £1. 3. 4 shall be taken as the equivalent of a like 

a Meer-stakes, the trees or pollards that stand as marks or boundaries for the division of parts and 
parcels in coppices or woods. HalliweU's Diet. 

b The will of William Hardwicke, her husband, was pr. by her at St. Albans, 2 May 1C07. Book 
Clapton 242 b . 

c Mr. Blow, minister, was bur. 25 June 1632. He was the curate. 



-44 The Bearish of East Barnet. 

sum heretofore paid on account of a decayed tenement adjoining the churchyard, 
now an orchard, and reserved in a grant made to Thomas Coniers esq. now 
deceased. The demise itself to the first trustees, William Johnson, William 
Green, John Berkeley and John Bulwer bears the date 22 Apr. 9 Car. the term 
of years to be reckoned from Lady Day 1631 6 Car. 



THE PAKISH CLERKS. 



An imperfect record gathered from scattered notices in the registers and a 
list left by M r Underwood among his MS. notes. 

1617, Aug. 31. Thomas Essex the parish clerke bur. 
1617, Dec. 26. Hugh Askue pish clarke bur. 

1646. Edmund Poynes, parish clerk, died 3 and bur. 4 May." He had been 

appointed before Michaelmas 1639. 1 ' 

1677, April 25. Edward Mounslow, bapt. 1 Oct. 1646, son of Edward, bapt. 24 June 1617 
and bur. 29 Nov. 1667, by his wife Elizabeth, and grandson of Benedict, bur. 13 Sep. 1622, by his 

2nd wife Alice, widow of Osbrooke. The will of Benedict Mounslow of East Barnet, 

tanner, dated 10 Aug. was pr. by Alice, the widow, before Matthias Milward, clerk, rector, 
28 Sep. 1G22. C Her will, dated 21 Sep. 1642, was pr. at St. Albans by her son John Osbrooke. 
The appointment is still preserved in M r Underwood's book, and runs as follows : 

Guilielmus Bell Sacra3 Theologise Professor in et per totum Archinatum Divi Albani 
London! Diocesios Archidiaconus Dilecto Nobis in Christo Eduardo Mounsla iEditus 
Ecclesia; parochialis de East Barnett infra Iurisdiconem nostram Archinalem 
Sancti Albani rite et legitime elect 9 Salutem Tibi de bene et fideliter exequenddl 
officii! 9 CEditui infra parochiam predict 9 juxia leges in hac parte editas Prestito 
primitus per te Iuramento de agnoscendo Regiam Supremam potestatem in Cauiis 
Ecclesiasticis et temporalibus ac de renuntiando refutando et recusando omni et 
omnimodo Iurisdictioni potestati authoritati et Superioritati foraneis iuxta vim 
formam et effectum Statuti Parliamenti hujus incliti Regni Anglia; mea parte 
editi et prouisi quantum nobis per statuta hujus Regni Anglise liceat, et non aliter 
neque aliomodo licentiam et facultatem nostras in hac parte tenere presentium 

a Anne, wife of Edmund Poynes, bur. 12 June 1641. Par. Reg. 

b Vide supra, p. 179. 

c St. Albans wills. Book Dainty 127. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 245 

quamdiu te bene et laudabiliter gesseris benigne concedimus et elargimur Teq in 
OfBcium iEditui parochial de East Barnett pradict admittimus et approbamus per 
presentes In Cujus Rei Testimonium Sigillum (quo in hac parte utimur) presentibus 
apponi fecimus Dat. vicesimo cjuinto Die Mensis Aprilis Anno Domini Millesimo 
Sexcentesimo Septuagesimo Septimo. Edm dus Browne Reg. 
1703, Oct. 26. Edward Mounslow, parish clerk, bur. 

Benedict Mounslow, 8 younger brother of preceding; bapt. 21 July, 1654; 
mar. Margaret Russell 9 June, 1680; bur. 4 June, 1707. 
1710. Daniel Davis.'- 

1727. Edward Mounslow, son of Edward (bur. 10 Nov. 1741) and grandson of 

Benedict; born 4 Oct. 1709, appointed by D 1 ' Bundy. 64 years parish 

clerk, Died in 1791. aged 82. Upon his grave in the churchyard 

was the inscription, " An honest man's the noblest work of God." 

1791. Solomon Heady, appointed by M r Underwood. 

1807. Henry Haynes, d appointed by M 1 ' Underwood, on the cession of Solomon 

Heady. 
1826. Charles Hayncs, appointed by D 1 ' Garrow, at the death of his father Henry 

Haynes. Died at East Barnet, 7 Apr. 1887 in his 82 nd year. 
18 Esaias Heady,'' appointed on the cession of Charles Haynes. 

Bur. at East Barnet 5 May 1883. 
1883. Walter Stutters, appointed by M r Hadow. 



THE REGISTERS. 



The earliest date that has come down to us is 1553, when Mary Tudor sat 
upon the throne, but the registers of that period are not extant, and the interval 
between the years 1568 and 1581 is entirely unrecorded. Erom the notice- 
headings of the most ancient book still in existence it would appear that, in the 
year 1598, the few entries kept prior to that date were then arranged with a view 
to their orderly preservation. The book to which they were now transferred was 

a Mr. Underwood's notes. ' 

b Ibid. 

c Lysons, iv. 16. 

d The name is of early occurrence in the Register. Isabell Heanes was bapt. 10 Oct. 1553. 

e Esaias, son of Esaias and Jane Heady, bapt. 7 Dec. 1808. Par. Reg. 

2 i 



246 The Parish of East Barnet. 

the gift of Mr. William Greene, of Mount Pleasant, about the year 1637, and 
therein were fairly transcribed all that had been collected previously. The donor 
and the rector were careful to authenticate the fact. 

Examinat' Novemb. 30, 1637, et concordat cu originali ab 
anno 1553 ad hunc present, annu 1637. 

Mathias Milward, Eector, 

W. Greene. 

This was towards the close of Mr. Milward's incumbency, and soon after, 
when Mr. Goodwin succeeded him, ecclesiastical arrangements were thrown into 
hopeless confusion by the outbreak of the Great Civil War. He himself patheti- 
cally records the situation in a memoraDdum in his own hand already quoted. 
He went but a short way notwithstanding towards supplying the omissions, and 
the hiatus is irremediable for anyone attempting to trace the connection of 
families. ; After the Restoration, the entries were, by Mr. Goodwin himself, 
made more carefully than was usually the case at that time, but the burials are 
wanting from 1678 to 1683, during which interval the younger Goodwin held 
the benefice. From the commencement of Mr. Tayler's incumbency the registers 
appear to have been carefully kept until the present time, though a singular 
fatality attended " a parchment cover'd booke provided by y e Parish according to 
an Act of Parliament, 30° Car. 2 a entituled an Act for burying in Woollen," 
in which all burials were registered from 20 Jan. 1678-9. This book was 
accidentally sold by the executors of Mr. Burnet, and his successor, Dr. Eundy, 
records the circumstance under the date of 26 March, 1731. Having disappeared 
for more than a century, it was recovered, so lately as 1836. In this year, it 
came into the possession of Mr. Thomas Laycock, a bookseller in High Street, 
Bloomsbury, who offered it to Mr. Elwin, then rector, for the sum of £2, at 
which price it was restored to the parish. 

The following notice appears at the commencement of Mr. Greene's book, 
transcribed from its predecessor. 

A Register booke of Christnings, weddings and Burials w'hin the parish of East Barnett in 
the Coutie of Hertford wherin are sett downe all the names of such as have been registred since 
the reigne of o r Soveraigne Lady Elizabeth of famous memory, so farre forth as we can finde any 
Register for y e same, written in this yeare of o r Lorde 1598. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 247 

The titles of the marriage and burial registers respectively run thus : — 

A register of all y c weddings y l we can finde any Register for the same since our Sou'aigne 
Lady Queenc Elizabeth of famous momorie hur Haigne, well are but fewe in number, by reason 
we canot finde any register unto the yeare that begiheth 1582, but following we have registred 
all we can finde, Anno dni. 1598. 

A register booke of all the Burialls since the reigne of o r sou'aigne Lady Queen Elizabeth 
of famouse memory, but because theire hath bene greate faulte in those well have kept y e 
register booke heretofore, therefore we must leave many unregistred as well of Burialls as of 
christnings and weddings this we have written to enduce all that shall come after to have a 
greater care in Kepinge this booke, or any register better hereafter. Anno dni. 1598. 

The following extracts have been chiefly selected from those not referred to 
elsewhere. The earliest baptism is dated 11 May 1553, — the earliest burial, 
7 April 15G8, — the earliest marriage, 5 April 1582. 

Baptisms. 

1598. Aug. 13. Edward, S. of William Brockc. 

1600, Aug. 3. Simon, S. of John Digbie gent. u 

1601-2, Feb. 28. George, S. of Mr. John Digby. 

1604. Dec. 20. Tristram, S. of Gregory Corners. 

1606-7, Mch. 15. Bridgett, D. of Matthias Mylhvarde 

1607-8, Feb. 7. Katherine, D. of Edward Conyers. 

1608-9, Feb. 2. Joseph, S. of Matthias Mylhvarde. 

1610, July 21. John, S. of do. 

1612, Sep. 27. John, S. of do. 

1614-15, Feb. 20. Rowland, S. of Robert Barkley. 

1615-6, Jan. 3. William, S. of William Johnson." 

a Alice Digby, widow, is among the tenants of the manor, 41 Eliz.Upon her surrender, with others, 
Richard Rochdale is admitted in fee 15 Apr. 44 Eliz. to a messuage called Rochdales, and 21 acres of land. 
(Index to Court Rolls No. 122, f. 221). In her will, as of the city of London, widow, dated 13 Oct. 
1608, and pr. r.C.C. 20 Feb. 1608-9 by Thomas Conyers esq. of Barnet (Book Dorset 10) she mentions 
Simon the son and Abigail and Alice the daughters of her late son John Digby. Admin, of John Dygbie 
of Watford gent, was gr. at St. Albans, 1 Dec. 1607, to Mary the relict. Nichols' Leicestershire, iii. 475, 
contains a pedigree of Digby, of Olney, co. Bucks, from which it appears that John Digby, who m. Mary 
dau. of Alexander Zinzan, had a son Everard and three daughters, Elizabeth, Abigail, and Alice, being 
the younger son of Everard Digby by Alice Fulborne. 

b Supra, p. 175, notes c and d. 

2 I 2 



24S 



The Parish of East Bamet. 



1618, Sep. 3. 
1621, Sep. 9. 

1624, June 9. 

1625, Oct 11. 
1630, July 2. 
1636-7, Mch. 18. 
1640, Aug. 6. 
1640-1, Jan. 6. 
1642, July 10. 
1G49-50, Feb. 8. 

1650, Nov. 29. 

1651, Oct. 12. 
1651-2, Jan. 19. 

1652, Aug. 3. 
1661, March. 
1683, May 23. 
1689, June 24. 
1715, Aug. 21. 
1724, Oct. 23. 



Elizabeth, D. of William and Mary Johnson. 
Joseph, S. of Matthias and Anne Myllwarde. 
Humfrie, S. of Thomas 5 and Martha Culiisbie. 
Dorithie, D. of William and Mary Johnson. 
Grace, D. of do. 

Grace, D. of Godfrey b and Anne Maychvell. 
Mary, D. of William and Angelett Johnson. 
Mary, D of John and Mary Goodwin. 
John, S. of do : 

Francis, S. of John and Frances Milner. 
Blanche, D. of Thomas e and Rachell Coningsby. 
Anne, D. of John and Frances Milner. 
Cornelia, D. of Thomas and Rachell Coningsby. 
Anne, D. of Edward and Judith Gallard. 
John, S. of John Wiseman esq. and Katherine. 
Anthony, S. of M r Richard and Margaret Gough. 
Mary, D. of M r Richard and Elizabeth Gough. 
Margaretta Diana, D. of General Joseph Sabine d and Margaret. 
Helen Mary, D. e of Charles Hamilton, Lord Binning (eld. son of the 
earl of Haddington) and Rachel his wife, born Oct. 8. 



a Second son of Sir Ralph Coningsby, but succ. to North Mimms in 1630, at the death, s.p. of his 
elder bro. Sir Francis. He m. Martha, dau. of William Button esq. of Alton, Hants, by whom he had C 
sons and 12 daughters. In 1G37, he served as high sheriff of Herts, and when, in 1642, there were no 
sheriffs, on account of the Civil War, the King wrote from Reading, 15 Nov. requesting Mr. Coningsby to 
undertake the office again, and he soon after received a writ and proclamation to array the county. He 
accordingly executed the writ at St. Albans, when he was made prisoner by Cromwell, who plundered his 
house and carried him to the Tower, where he remained for several years. Clutterbuck's Herts. 

b Third son of Thomas Maydwell, of Geddington Northants. He m. 2ndly Anne eld. dau. of James 
Pagitt, one of the barons of the exchequer. 

Third son of Thomas and Martha Coningsby (vide supra) ; m, Rachel, dau. of James Cambell. 
Will pr. P.C C. as of Bexley Kent, 8 Sep. 1669, by Roger the eldest son, of Potterells. Book Coke 102. 
Clutterbuck's Herts, North Mimms. 

d A distinguished officer in the reigns of William III., Anne, Geo. I. and Geo. II. In 1715. he 
purchased Tewin House, Herts, which he rebuilt, and d. there 24 Oct. 1739, aged 77, having m. Mar- 
garetta, youngest dau. of Charles Newsham, of Chadshunt, co. Warw. esq. by whom he had 
John m. Susanna, Osbourn, Joseph, captain in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, k. at Fontenoy, and three 
daurs. Margaretta Diana m. Sir Charles Sheffield bart. Frances and Caroline Ann. Clutterbuck, ii. 
224. 

e Lord Binning d. in his father's lifetime, 13 Jan. 1733, having m. Rachel, dau. and heiress of George 
Baillie of Jerviswood. 



The Parish of East Bar net. 249 

1725, Oct. 26. Charles, S. of do : born Oct. 6. 

1726, Nov. 24. John, S. of do: born Oct. 22. 

1727, Oct. 29. Charles James, S. of do : born Oct. 3. 

1757, Nov. 20. James, S. of James Douglass esq. and Elizabeth, born Nov. 7. 

1781, Christmas Day. Pamela, a negro servant belonging to Major Gen 1 Prevost of Green 
Hill Grove, in the Parish of Chipping Barnet was baptized in this Church by the name of Mary. 
The Sponsors were the Lady of Gen 1 Prevost, Miss Juliana Yonge of East Barnet, as Proxy for 
Miss Mary Burton of Upper Brook S l Grosvenor Square, and the Rev. William Tait. B. Under- 
wood Rector. 

1783, June 1. Loetitia Mary, D. of Thomas and Mary Chandler at the Clock House, 

born May 7. 

1785. Theophilus, a S. of Theophilus and Hannah Biddulph was born March 28 th 

and bapt. the 31 st of the same month, at the house of M r Richard Trist, N.B. The new born 
Infant is the grandson of Sir Theophilus Biddulph Bart of Birdingbury, Warwicksh. 

1795, Aug. 27. John, S. of John and Ann Matthews of the Cat. 

1796, Apr. 7. George Walter (born at the Clock House the 2 nd Ins 1 ) S. of Captain 

George Walter Prosser and Mary Ann his wife. 
1805, Nov. 16. Nelson Mackean, S. of Archibald, and Elizabeth, was this day baptized 

at the Manor House, and received the name of Nelson, being born on Monday the 21 st Oct 1 ' on 
which day a complete victory was obtained over the combined Fleets of France and Spain, when 
Lord Nelson, the Commander in Chief, was unfortunately killed. 

Burials. 

1602, Aug. 6. Elizabeth, D. of John Digby. 

1607-8, Feb. 19. Mother Turner, an ould woman, out of my Lord's house. 

1608-9, Feb. 3. Joseph, S. of Matthias and Anne Myllwarde. 

1610, July 22. John, S. of do. 

1614-5, Feb. 13. Thomas Coniers. 

1617, July 25. Marrian wife of Thomas Essex (parish clerk). 

1622, Sep. 13. Benet Mounslo.'' 

1623-4, Jan. 11. Widow Askew. 

1635, Oct. 31. Thomas Kympton. 

!l Succeeded as 5th bart. in 1801. He m. in 1784, Hannah, dau. of H. Prestidge esq. and d. in 1841. 
His son Theophilus succ. as 6th bart. Burke's Peerage. 

b Son of Bennet Mounslowe and Elizabeth his wife, to whom a messuage and 20 acres were surr. at 
E.B. 41 Eliz. (Manor Rolls). She re-married, and the adm. of Thomas Mounslowe of E.B. bach r was 
gr. 14 Feb. 162G-7 to Elizabeth Bower, the mother. 

c Will pr. at St. Albans, as of E. B. gent. 14 Nov. 1C35, by Elizabeth, the widow. Book 
Dainty 271. 



250 



The Parish of East Bar net. 



1637, June 17. 
1643, June 28. 

1643, Nov. 22. 

1644, May 9. 
1674, Aug. 16. 
1674, Oct. 23. 

1686, June 10. 
1686-7, Jan. 9. 

1687, May 1. 
1695, Apr. 25. 
1697-8, Feb. 26. 
1699, May 18. 

1702, Apr. 3. 

1703, Oct. 25. 
1704-5, Jan 17. 
1707, June 4. 
1712, Sep. 9. 
1714-5, Jan. 1. 
1718-9, Mch. 14. 



Anne, wife of Godfrie Maidwell. 

Marie, L>. of Spencer, minister, and Elizabeth his wife. 

William, S. of William and Angelett Johnson. 

Marie, D. of do. 

Damaris, D. of Gregory and Damaris Lovell. a 

Gregory, S. of do. 

Mrs. Margaret Gough. 

Mr. Robert Pearce. 

Randolph Fleming esq. 

Damaris Lovel. 

Elizabeth Mounsly, widow. 

Anna Maria, D. of Mr. Buckey, Clark.' 1 

Sarah Mounsly. 

Mr. Richard Gough. c 

Michael, S. of Burridg Anger, goldsmith.' 1 

Benedictus Mounsly. 

Mr. John Gough. 

John Mounsly. 

John Gou£rh. f 



a Sister of Mr. Francis Atkinson of Ludgrove. Hist, of Monhen Hadley 29, 30. Gregory and 
Damaris Lovell surrendered, on the 6 Apr. 168G, to the Lord of the Manor, to the use of Charles Mawson, 
" that Inn or tenement situate in Chipping Barnet called the Angell or Leaden Porch " &c. Title deeds 
of Mr. G. W. Huggins. Supra, p. 208 and note. 

1 B.A. King's Coll. Camb. 1688; M.A. 1693. 

c Will, as of E. B. gent, dated 2 May 1701, and pr. P.C.C. 8 Nov. 170 3 by John Gough the son. 
Book Degg. 187. He mentions his son John and dau. Elizabeth Chetwood, widow (by his 1st mar.) his 
wife Elizabeth, his daughters Mary and Susanna (bur. at E. B. 3 March 1702-3), by his 2nd mar. and 
his bro. John Gough. Between Sep. 18 and Dec. 30 1684 six children of Richard and Margaret Gough 
were buried. 

d The Mar. Lie. of Burrage Angier of St. Martins in the Fields, gent, bach 1 " and Anna Maria 
Christian of East Barnet spr. both above 21 is dated 15 July 1701. The will of John Angier esq. of 
Northaw, was pr. P.C.C. by Burrage Angier his nephew and residuary legatee 12 Nov. 1713. Book 
Spersway 108. He desires to be bur. "in the vault and under the stone in St. Margaret's Westminster, 
wherein my father and mother, first wife, and other relations, lye buried." May 6 1G84. John Anger and 
Anne Tither marr. He the son of John Angier gent, burgess of Westminster, by Margaret his wife, and 
bapt. at St. Margaret's 11 May 1651. She, his 2nd wife, dau. of Thomas Tyther of Northaw, citizen and 
draper of London. Chester's Westm. Abbey, p. 23 ; Clutterbuck's Herts, ii. 418. Northcav. 

Will, as citizen and joyner of London, pr. P.C.C. 25 Oct. 1712. Book Barnes 189. To be bur. 
with late wife at E. B. 

f Son of Richard Gough. Will pr. P.C.C. as of St. James's Westminster gent. 23 Apr. 1719, by 
Mary the relict, who is to bring up his children. Book Browning 64. 



The Parish of East Barnet 251 

1 723, June 30. Elizabeth Gough. a 

1731-2, Jan. 26. Richard Wilford.'' 

1739, Nov. 14. Mrs. Anne Nicoll (a woman). 

1741, June 5. Henrietta Tomlinson (a child). 

1741, Oct. 10. Edward Mounslow (father of the parish clerk). 

1743, Oct. 22. Amy Commyns of Chelsea (dame). 

1773, May 6. William Mounslow, of S fc Martin's in the Fields. 

1775, Aug. 28. Sir Alexander Comyns Bar* Pensioner in the Charterhouse. 

1776, Nov. 17. Agnes Gray, of Chipping Barnet. d 

1787, May 25. John Gray, schoolmaster at Chipping Barnet. 

1791, Feb. 11. "was buried Edward Mounslow/ a native of this Parish, born 9 of 

Oct 1- 1709, and appointed Clerk by the Rev. Mr. Taylor, Eector, in the year 1727, which 
appointment he possessed till the time of his death, being 64 years (an. a3t. 82). He was an 
honest and upright man, and the respect, in which he was held, was fully evidenced by the 
numerous Company which met to follow his remains to the grave, near to his family. This 
unusual entry has been made by the present Rector, as a testimony of his regard for an old and 
faithful servant. 

1791, May 3. Mrs. Christian Sabine, D. of Gen 1 Joseph Sabine of Tewin, Herts, of 

Lower Brook S l in the parish of S l George Hanover Sq. She is deposited in the Church near 
Mrs. Chauncey. 

:i Widow of Richard Gough. Will dated 10 Dec. 1713, and pr. P.C.C 27 Sep. 1723, by Catherine 
wife of Matthew Bookey, a dau. by her first husband, Edward Christian esq. Book Richmond 189. 
She mentions other children by her former marriage and, amongst them, a daughter, Anne Maria 
Angier. 

b The last of his family. See Wilford pedigree. Hist, of Monk en Hadley, p. 198. 
c Elder dau. of George Hadley esq. see pedigree supr. p. 74, widow of Daniel Nicoll esq. of Mill Hill, 
who d. 4 Feb. and whose will was pr. P.C.C. 17 March, 1726-7. Book Farrant 69. Her will was pr. 
P.C.C. 11 Dec. 1739 by her bro. George Hadley. Book Henchman 265. 
d Wife of Mr. John Gray, schoolmaster. 

e Will pr. P.C.C. 16 June 1787, by Elizabeth Sell, the dau. wife of William Sell. Book Major 
268. His daughters Agnes and Elizabeth and his son Robert mentioned. The Chipping Barnet Reg. 
contains the baptism of his sons Alexander, 12 Oct. 1743, and Robert, 20 Apr. 1746. He was elected 
Master of the Gr. Sch. 18 Oct. 1740, vice the Rev. F. Fielding, and held the office until his death. The 
Rev. Robert Henry Gray, grandson of his son Robert, hon. canon of Chester and vicar of Wolsingham 
co. Durh. b. 1817, d. 19 May 1885. 

f 10 Apr. 1683 Benjamin Buckingham suit, a tenement near the Pound in E. B. and Sarah, 
wife of Edward Mounslow was adm. in fee. 
30 Mch. 1703. Edward Mounslow adm. for life by the Courtesie, on the death of Sarah his wife. 
18 Apr. 1704. Edward Mounslow adm. in fee, as son and heir of Sarah. 
20 Apr. 1742. Edward Mounslow adm. in fee, as son and heir of Edward dec d . 
26 Apr. 1791. Benjamin Underwood adm. in trust under the will of Edward Mounslow. 
Index to Court Rolls No. 49 f. 376. 



252 The Parish of East Bamet. 

1793, Nov. 21. Julia De Chair of the Parish of S* George, Hanover Sq. in a vault in 

the churchyard. 
1797, Sep. 7. Rev. Angus Macaulay, aged 53, who died at the Clockhouse. 



Marriages. 

1612, Dec. 3. John Gilbert and Mary Lawarre. 

1638, May 28. Francis a Hynd and Mary Marshall. 

1650, Sep. 16. Edward Gallard and Judith Deighton. 

1651, July 3. Thomas "' y e eldest sonne of Henry Bellasis Heire apparent to his 

grandffather Vicount ffalconbridge and Mildred Saunderson y e onely 

y e Lord daughter of Castleton. 
1670, May 24. George Gaell and Mary Poole. c 

1674, Apr. 19. Ferdinand Burleigh and Penelope Lovell. 

1674, July 20. Sir James Hay, Baronet, and Anne Laxton. d 

1681, Apr, 4. Robert Pearce and Prudence Lovell. 



a Will pr. P.C.C. as of E. B. yeoman, 29 June 1659, by Mary the relict. Book Pell 386. 

b The will of Sir Nicholas Saunderson bart. of Saxby co. Line, viscount Castleton, aged 50, was pr. 
P.C.C. 1 Jan. 1641-2, by Frances, the relict. Book Campbell 4. To each of bis daurs. Mildred and 
Grace, be leaves £3,000, but the latter must have deceased before her sister's marriage. Lord Fauconberg 
m. 2ndly at Hampton Court, 18 Nov, 1657, Mary Cromwell, dan. of the Protector. In Pepys' Diary is 
the entry, 12 June 1661, " To the Royal Theatre .... Here I saw my Lord Falconbridge, and bis Lady, 
my lady Mary Cromwell, who looks as well as I have known her, and well clad : but when the House began 
to fill she put on her vizard, and so kept it on at the play; which of late is become a great fashion among 
the ladies, which bides their whole faces. So to the Exchange, to buy things with my wife; among others, a 
vizard for herself." Lord Fauconberg, who, in 1G89, was raised to an earldom, d.s.p. 31 Dec. 1700, and 
was bur. in Coxwold church, Yorkshire. His father's sister, Frances Belasyse, m. Sir Thomas Ingram, 
stepson of lady Mary Ingram. Vide supra, p. 186. The Saturday Review, in an Art. of Aug. 11, 1883, 
on the Archaeological Institute at Lewes, in describing 4 vols, of Cromwell's Pocket Bible that were lent 
by the earl of Chichester, says, " It was a copy of the large 12mo edition of 1645, itself very rare, if not 
unique, printed by the " Assignes of Robert Barker," who died that very year in prison. On one of the 
flydeaves was written very neatly, " O er C el 1645: Qui cessat esse melior cessat esse bonus." Above 
was written, " Lord ffauconberg, his Booke, 1677." Burke's Ext. Peerage. 

c JDau. of Joshua Poole M.A. and Mary, dau. of Francis Atkinson, of Ludgrove. Monken Iladley, 
p. 27. 

d 3rd bart. of Smithfield in Nova Scotia, whose father, Sir John Hay, the 2nd bart. had been dis- 
inherited ; b. 1652 ; d.s.p.m. 1683, when the title became dormant. Burke's Peerage. Arms of Laxton 
(Fun. Ent. Ulster's Office 1677, Lady Hay, wife of Sir James Hay Bt.). Arg. a chev. chequy sa. and erm. 
betw. three griffins' heads erased gu. guttee d'or. General Armory. 



The Parish of East Barnet. 253 

1683, Apr. 17. John Nicholl and Margaret Marsh. a 

1683, Aug. 20. John Lewis and Elizabeth Penniston. b 

1684, Apr. 17. William. Marsh and Elizabeth Brett. c 
1688-9, Jan. 24. M r Robert Stewart and M rs Mary Lovell 
1694, July 20. M r John d Woolfe and M 13 Margaret Nicholls. 
1699, July 8. Joseph Chetwood and Elizabeth Gough. e 
1709, Nov. 30. M r William Andrews and M 1 ' 3 Abigail Norris. 

1734, May 23. The R fc Hon, Charles, earl of Sunderland, of S* James' Westminster, 

and The Hon. Elizabeth Trevor, of this parish/ 

1744, Sep. 15. William Paine King of Fryern Barnet, and Anna Maria Colebrooke, of 

Southgate, by Joseph Paine (Licence) . g 

1750, Sep. 6. Campbell' 1 Dalrymple, of Chichester, and Margaret Douglas, of East 

Barnet. 

a John Nicholl) as he writes his name) was of Knightsland, South Mimms ; she dau. and heiress of 
Captain William Marsh, of Pricklers, (bur. 14 Feb. 1687-8). Court Rolls. Margaret, the only child of 
the marriage (d. 1767) m. in 1716 Thomas Brand (d. 1718) and their only child, Thomas Brand M.P. for 
Shoreham, sold Pricklers, in 1768, to Mr. John Pybus. Supra, 34, note, and 64, pedigree. Clutterbuck, 
Hi. 74. Burke's Peerage. 

b Mentioned in the will of her father, Mr. Robert Penniston Sen r . supra, p. 159 note. 

c Elder son of Capt. William Marsh, of Pricklers. Bur. at Chipping Barnet, 26 Nov. 16b7. 

d Citizen and mercer of London ; alderman; sheriff and knighted 1696 ; d. in London 7 Apr. 1703, 
and bur. in St. Helen's. Dame Margaret Woolfe d. 27 March 1713, aged 56, and was bur. at Chipping 
Barnet. By her will, pr. P.C.C. 7 May 1713 (Book Leeds 117) she devised Pricklers to her son Marsh 
Woolfe (d.s.p.), who devised it to his sister Ann Woolfe for life (d. 175), with remr. to his nephew, by 
the half-blood, Thomas Brand. Court Rolls; Chipping Barnet Par. Reg. Clutterbuck i. 148 ; Le Neve, 
Mon. Angl. v. 72, 232 ; Harl. MS. 5802, ff. 49, 65; Orridge. 

e Dau. of Richard Gough. The will of Joseph Chetwood of Whitchurch, co. Salop gent, son of John 
Chetwood gent. dec d . and Anne, dated 8 June, was pr. P.C.C. by Thomas Chetwood, the bro. 23 Dec. 
1700 Book Noel 176. 

f 5th earl of Sunderland ; afterwards 2nd duke of Marlborough. Supra, p. 64, pedigree 

s Dau. of James Colebrooke, esq. of London, of Chilham Castle, Kent, and of Southgate, Midd. eld. 
son of Thomas Colebrooke, of Arundel. " James Colebrooke senr. esq. d. 18 Nov. 1752, aged 72, a banker, 
reported worth £800,000." Gent's. Mag. The will was pr. P.C.C. 4 Dec. 1752. Book Bettesworth 
294. His 2nd son James was cr. a bart. 12 Oct. 1759. See Burke's Peerage ; Collins' Peerage 1812, ii. 
386, iv. 132. Edwin, 2nd lord Sandys m. 26 Jan 1769, Anna Maria, relict of William Paine King of 
Fineshade, Northants, esq. Collins' Peerage, ix. 228. Robinson's Hist, of Edmonton, 128, 130 The 
rev. Joseph Paine was curate of Chipping Barnet 1742-1758. 

h Campbell Dalrymple b. 27 Aug. 1725, lieut-col. of the 3rd Dragoons and governor of Guadaloupe, 
7th son of Hew Dalrymyle esq. of Drummore, grandson of James, 1st viscount Stair. See Burke's 
Peerage, Dalrymple— Horn— Elphinstone Bart. Will pr. P.C.C. 16 May 1767. Book Legard 174. 

2 K 



251 The Parish of East Barnet. 



CONCLUSION. 

And here I close an undertaking which, owing to circumstances, has been 
spread over a considerable interval of time, and has led me into many fields of 
interesting inquiry. I may appear diffuse but, in any such investigations, it 
is difficult to discriminate between what should be retained, and what rejected, 
with a view to the special requirements of other persons. The pursuit has been 
engrossing, and I have frequently had to deplore the want of leisure and oppor- 
tunity. It is an agreeable duty to record my heartfelt sense of indebtedness to 
those who have rendered me assistance. So uniform, indeed, has been the 
kindness, with which inquiries have been responded to, that it would be invidious, 
even if it were possible, to particularize names. A few there are, notwithstanding, 
to which exception must be made ; — the Rev. C. E. Hadow, Rector of East 
Barnet, who has freely placed the registers at my disposal; Mr. Walter Justice, 
steward of the manor, through whom an opportunity was given me of inspecting 
some of the earlier Court Rolls, mildewed from age; C E. Baring Young, Esq. M.P. 
for Christchurch, who readily allowed me to have access to the title deeds of 
Monken Frith ; and Mr. J. C. Challenor Smith, of the Probate Registry, Somerset 
House, whose unfaltering courtesy lays every one under an obligation who has 
occasion to study in his department. 

We are living in a rapidly shifting age. The progress of the last quarter of a 
century has been marked, not only in England, but also on the Continent, and 
not only in the capitals, but in almost every considerable provincial town as well, 
by a development that testifies to increasing prosperity and a wide diffusion of 
the comforts and luxuries of existence. This is the brighter and satisfactory 
aspect of the subject. On the other hand, to minds whose bent is stare super 
antiquas vias, who look with reverence on the past, its outward aspect, its 
customs, its habits of thought, the simpler colouring of its life, there cannot 
help arising a pardonable regret at the disappearance of old landmarks, the 
transformation of local features and the gradual obliteration of objects identified 
with bygone reminiscences. In the neighbourhood with which the preceding 
pages have been concerned there has been a radical alteration within living 
memory, but if one considers the period when it appertained to the direct juris- 
diction of the great abbey of St. Albans, the past and present seem to retain no 



The Parish of East Bar net. 255 

features in common. The town has taken the place of the forest. The change 
is startling from 

The lusty life of wood and underwood, 
Hawk, buzzard, jay, the mavis and the merle, 
The tawny squirrel vaulting thro' the boughs, 
The deer, the highbacked polecat, the wild boar, 
The burrowing badger,' 1 

to the shriek of the railway whistle, the bicycle enthusiast, the semi-detached 
villa, and the antagonisms of the Local Board. 

My own early years were spent at East Barnet, my oldest recollections of 
Sunday observances are inseparable from the little church on the hill, and, in a 
degree, I must confess to a share in the feeling, to which I have just attempted 
to give expression. At the same time, I am not, I hope, prepared to set what 
has been above what now is, nor to allow that the words 

Quo nihil majus meliusve terris 
Fata donavere bonique divi, 
Nee dabunt, quamvis redeant in aurum 
Tempora priscum, 1 ' 

may with justice be applied to any epoch. Inevitable change must be acquiesced 
in. The onward movement is not likely to be retarded. "We must accept the 
conditions attaching to the age in which we live. "With advancing years the 
associations of our childhood become things of the past, 

And other voices speak, and other sights surround/ 

a The Foresters, lord Tennyson. 
b Hor. Carm. iv. ii. 
c Childe Harold, iv. 7 



EAST BARNET. 



INDEX. 



Abbott, Richard, 86 

Abney, family, various members of, in Aslihurst 

ped., 68-69 
Aggatts (Agate), 13, 24 
Aldridge, Mr., of Boliun Lodge, 134 
Aldy, William, in Wliitmore ped., 38 
Alexander, William, in Mawson ped., 204 

Elizabeth, 150 

Henry, 150 

James, 150 

Allen, Frances, 42 

Mary, ne'e Weld, 34 n 

Sir Thomas, 34 n 

Allibone, Barbara, ne'e Blakiston, 71 

Peter, 71 

Sir Richard, biographical notice, 71 

Allin, Richard, in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 
Allott, Dame Anne, 47 

Sir John, 47 n 

Alston pedigree, 84-85 

Catherine, 85 

Charles, 85 

Sir Edward, 85 ; licensed to impark Frith 

House, 84 

Sir Edward, M.D., 85 

Frances, 84 

■ Hester, nee Ashcombe, 85 

John, 85 

Sir Joseph, 85 n 

Sir Thomas, 84 

Amsincke, Elizabeth, 160, 161 
Andrews, Lancelot, 234 

Mary, 2X3, n 

Phoebe, nee Eaton, 191 



Andrews, William, 253 

Angell Inn, 250 n 

Angier, Michael, goldsmith; entry of burial, 250; 

note on his family, 250 
Ansetts, Upper and Nether, 95 
Ansickles, Upper and Nether, 95, 96, 98 ; Upper, 

127 
Antelope Inn, 22 
Argall, John, 213 n 

Arlush, Nicholas, n in Casse ped., 120-121 
Armeholt, 23 
Armorer, George, 89 
Armstrong, George, 117 n ; 154 

Gen. John, 199 

Priscilla, 199 

Sir Thomas, 197 

Warneford, 117 n; 154 

Arnold, Richard, 87, 125 

Arnolds (Arno's Grove), 31, 34 

Arrowes, 45 

Ashcombe, Sir William, 85 ; in Alston ped., 84-85 

Ashhurst ped., 68-69 

Elizabeth, ne'e Grace, 65 

Gilbert, 205 

Hannah, ne'e Pritchard, 205 

Henry, 205 

John, 205 

Margery, 205 ; will (Latin) quoted in 

extenso, 206 

Thomas, 69 

William, rector, 205 ; will (Latin) quoted 

in extenso, 207 

Sir William, 65 

Sir William H., character quo'ed from 

Foss, 147; Erskine's couplet or, 147; 148 



2 L 



258 



INDEX. 



Ashhurst, William Pritchard, 65 

Ashley, John. 149 

Ashmole, Elias ; antiquary, 139 

Aske, Robert, and the Pilgrimage of Grace, 

121 
Askew, Bri?.n, in Conyers ped., 58-59 

Hugh, parish clerk, 244 

Isabel, 48 n 

Widow, entry of burial, 249 

Assizes of weights and measures, 26 
Atkinson, Francis, 250 n 



B. 



Bacon, John, 117 

Baddams, Barbara, 225 

Baillie, George, 72 

Lady Grizel, 72 

Baker, Jacob, 86, 87, 133 ; Mr. Underwood's 
description of, 134 ; mural tablet, 191 

Joseph, 98 

Lady Mary, nee Tonson, 133 

Sir William, 133 

Baldwin, Richard ; inscription on slab ; in ser- 
vice of Lady Ingram, 187 

Bancks, John, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Barker, Rowland, designer of new chancel in 
E. B. church, 182 

Barnes, George, 134 

■ Sir Edward, 134 

■ Maria, nee Fawkes, 134 

Barnct, etymology of, 10 ; once called La Barnet, 
12 

Barn Field, 84 

Barnham family, various members of, in Mun 
ped., 218 

Ann, formerly Mun, 217 

Francis, 217 

Baronsdale, William, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Barrett, Daniel William, second rector of Chip. 
ping Barnet; biographical notice, 242 

Mrs. Annie Sophia, nee Rendell, 242 



Barry, Nicholas, 216 

Barvin Wood, 13 

Barwick, Margaret, 217 

Bateman, Sir James, 63 

Bath, second Earl of, 71 n 

Beaufort pedigree, 230 

Beaufort, Daniel Cornells, rector ; biograph- 
ical notice, with account of family, 229 to 
232 

Frances Anne, married to R. L. Edgeworth, 

232 

Beale, Edith, wife of Robert, Clerk of the 
Council, 78 

Beauchamp, John, his will (Latin) quoted in 
extenso, 167 

Beauvoir, Anne, nee Boys, 113 n 

Mary, nee Sharpe, 113, 114 

Dr. Osmund; biographical account, 113 n\ 

114 

Beckets, Little, Upper, and Great Upper, 117 n 

Beckford, family, various members of, in Thom- 
linson ped., 43 

Beech, John, 45 

Beech Hill Park, 134, 148 

Beeston, Sir William, in Thomlinson ped., 
43 

Bellamy, Henry, 20, 22, 25 

William, 159 

Bellasis, Thomas ; entry of marriage, 252 

Belle, John, "Chaplain" (a.d. 1453-4), 207 

Belle Yue (now Willenhall House), account of, 
from a.d. 1782 onwards, 156, 157 

Belmont (formerly Mount Pleasant), history 
of, 136 to 150 ; connection of the Rolfe 
family with the locality, 136 ; the property 
formed by the union of Dudmans, Stevens 
Mead, Dane Lane, 137, and various "groves," 
138; connection with the Howards, 138; 
passes in 1758 into the possession of the 
Richardson family, 144; acquired by Sir 
W. Ashhurst, 147; the Bevan family, 149 ; 
sold in 1861 to C. A. Hanbury, esq., 
150 
Benet, Richard, rector (a.d. 1466), 207, 208 



INDEX. 



259 



Bennett, Mr., (a.d. 1632), 17G 

Berkeley pedigree, 58-59 

Edward, 175 

Elizabeth, nee Conyers, 57, 59 

John, 126 n, 176, 177; trustee of rectory, 

244 

Sir Robert, knt. and judge; marriage settle- 
ment 57; his judgment on ship-money 59 ; 
misfortunes during Civil War, 59; will 
quoted, 60 ; monument and inscription, 60 . 
sells land to Mi-. George Hadley, 75; his 
"book of 1633," extracts, 158, 168; en- 
courages and contributes to rebuilding of 
chancel, 171, 174, 175, 177; appropriates 
pai-sonage to use of rectors, 243 

Robert, grandson of Sir Robert, 60, 226 

Rowland, monumental inscription at Spctch- 

ley, 58 

Rowland, son of Sir Robert, entry of bap- 
tism, 247 

Bernard, Sir Robert, and Lady Anne, 64 

Berry, William, inscription, 144 

Bevan, family, derivation of, 149 

David, of Belmont, 149 

Elizabeth, nee Barclay, 150 

Favell-Bourke, nee Lee, 155 

Robert Cooper Leo, of West Farm, bio- 
graphical notice, 155, 156 

• ■ Agneta Elizabetb, nee Yorke, 155 

■ Emma Frances, ne'e Shuttleworth, 155 

Silvanus, 149 

■ Silvanus of Fosbury, 150 

- Timothy, 149, 150 

Biddulph, Hannah, nee Prestidge, 249 n 

Tbeophilus, 249 

Binning, Charles, lord, resident at Manor House, 
71,72 

Rachel, nee Baillie, 72 

Blagc, Anthony, 208 n 

Blake, Martin, in Thomlinson ped., 43 

Sir Richard, in Coiryers ped., 58-59 

Blakiston, Sir Thomas, 71 

Blanc, Selina; inscription, 194 

Bland, Richard, 99 



2 L 



Block, Samuel Richard, 24 n, 157 

Blomfield, Simon, in Alston ped., 84-85 

Blow, Richard, curate (a.d. 1631), 220, 243 

Boddam, Eliza Maria, 162 

Boehm, Thomas; inscription, 190 

Bobun Lodge, ( u The House near Bourn Gate " ) 
history of, 125 to 135 ; position and extent 
of property 125 ; occupied by Brewtie 
family, temp. Elizabeth, 126; the Rea 
family, 126 ; Meggs family, 128; Jacob Baker, 
133, 134 

Bohun, Humphrey de, 13; copy (Latin) of 
Release in re Monkfrith, 14 

Boies land, 24 

Bolles family, various members of, in Conyers 
ped., 58-59 

Sir George, (VI 

George, 62 ; Latin epitaph, 63 

Sir John, 62 

Sir Robert, 62 

Bond family, various members of, in Whitmore 
ped., 38 

Bone, Thomas, 161 

Bookey, Matthew, 251 n 

Booth, James Charles, insertion ; and particu- 
lars from will, 202 

Bosanquet, Augustus, of Owsagc, 83 

George Jacob, 148 n 

Jacob, 148 n 

Louisa Priscilla, nee Bevan, 83, 152 

Percival, 152 

Boscawen, Mrs., quoted, 114 v, 133 

Bosvile, Thomas, in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 

Botiller, John; extracts from will (Latin") relating 
to chapel (a.d. 1361), 165 

Bottelles Grove, 23 

Bottomley family, various members of, in Morley 
ped., 64-65 

John, goldsmith, 24 n 

Boulton, Mr., 156 

Bourchier ped., 96-97 

Anthony, 96 ; particulars from will, 97 ; 

contributor to chancel, 176, 177 

Jane, 97 

2 



260 



INDEX. 



Bourcliier, William, 97 

Bourne, David, 129 n 

Bourn Grate, 8, 11, etymology, 94 n ; history of 

the House, see Bohun Lodge 
Bowdler, Richard, in Meggs ped., 130-131 
Bowles, Sir John, 175 
Boys, Anne, 113 n 
Boys' Farm Home, 44 
Brackfeld, Alice, 23 
Bradstreet, William, 238 
Brand family, various members of, in Morley 

ped., 64-65 

Sir Henry, Speaker, 65 

Margaret, nee Nicholl, 253 n 

Thomas, 253 n 

Branthwaite, John, 24 

Brazy, Louise Marie, in Beaufort ped., 230 

Brereton, Randolph, in Bourehier ped., 96-97 

Brett, Elizabeth, 253 

Brewtie, Richard, 126 

Alice, 95, 126 

Brickhill Field, 84 

Brocke, Edward, 247 

Brocket, John, 89 

Brook Cottage, 5 n 

Brooke, William, curate, 210 

Broome Field, 84, 101 

Brown, John, curate, 225 

Browne, Sir Valentine, 24 

Browning, Little, 31, 89 

Brownynge Land, 23 

Brunsell, Oliver, 43 

Brydges, in pedigrees of Bourcliier, 96-97 ; 

Chandos, 41 ; Weld, 32, 33 

Catherine, 40 

Buckey, Anna Maria, 250 

Buckskin Hall, name occurs in 1652, 25 n ; 

history of, 150, 151, 152 
Buckton, Lucy, in Greene ped., 140-141 
Bulkeley, Robert, purchases Ussage Wood, 82 ; 

and Monken Frith, 86 

Thomas, 82 

Bull Inn, 21 
Bulstrode, Edward, 222 



Bulwer, Edward (Lord Lytton) quoted, 68 
John, 157, 244; contributor to chancel, 176, 

177; churchwarden, 178, 179 
Bundy, Dr. Richard, rector, 72 ; biographical 

account, 228, 229 
Bunsen, Chevalier, tenant of Oak Hill, 88 
Burgh, Mary, nee Cotton, 110 
Burleigh, Ferdinand, 252 
Burnet, Gilbert, rector, son of Bishop Burnet ; 

biographical account, 226, 227 

Elizabeth, nee Blake, 226 

Burrell, Timothy, in Morley ped., 64-65 

Burrows, Rev. John, 113, 133 

Bury Mede, 89 

Bush fair, account of, 8 n 

Bush Inn, 21 

Busk, Sir Wads worth, 151 

Butler pedigi'ee, 26-27 

Authony, of Coates, 25 ; inscription, 27 

Anthony, of Howell, 26, 28; inscription, 30 

■ Charles, 28, inscription, 29 

Douglas, 30 

Margaret, 27 

Richard ; inscription, 26 

William, of Coates, inscription, 29 

William, 30 



Button, James, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Buxton, John, 62 

Byass, Rose, nee Nicholl ; inscription, 194 

C 

Calthorp, Edward, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93 

CalysMeese (mead), 22 

Cambell, Sir Thomas ; items from will, 130 

Camden, William, 213 n 

Campbell, Alexander, of Cclgrain, 123 

Carmichael, Lady Anne, nee Napier, 152 

Carrier, Rev. Barnard, 208, 216 

Carter, Miss Elizabeth, 114 

Cass (formerly Casse) of Barmby-on-the-Marsh, 

ped., 120-121 ; historical sketch of family, 

118 to 123 
Charles William, 117 n 



INDEX. 



2G1 



Cass, Frederick, of Little Grove, 117 n, 118; 
improves and enlarges the property, 123 ; 
serves as high-sheriff of Hertfordshire, 123 ; 
hatchment in church, 183 

Frederick Charles, Rector of Monken 

Hadley, 117 n 

William, of Beaulieu Lodge, 118, 123 

Casse, Alice, will (Latin) quoted in extenso, 120 

— Elias, 118; will (Latin) quoted in extenso,119 

Cat Hill, 10; Inn, 249 

Cattle Grate, 9 n 

Cattley, John, 162 

Cave, Sir Thomas, in Conyers ped., 58-59 

Chair, Dr. John de, 202 

Julia de, nee Wentworth, 202, 252 

Isabel de, nee Beauvoir, 113 n 

■ Richard Blackett de, 113 n 

Chandler, Laetitia, 249 

Chandos ped., 41 

James, first duke, purchases E. B. Manor, 39 

Chapone, Mrs., 114, 133 

Chase Field, 84 

Chester, William, 21, 90 

Chettle, Thomas ; in Conyers ped., 58-59 

Chetwood, Joseph 253 

Elizabeth, ne'e Gough, 250, 253 

Chicheley, Henry, 168 

Chipping Barnet, why so named, 6 n ; connection 
with St. Alban's, 7 ; sale of lands (a.d. 1558), 
21 ; agreement with E. Barnet concerning 
boundary, 158 ; ecclesiastical relations with 
E. Barnet, 164, 165 ; church of St. John the 
Baptist, 166 to 168 ; memorandum relating 
to Chipping and E. Barnet, 169 ; described 
in a.d. 1648 as a "chapel of ease" to E. 
Barnet, 170 ; church rebuilt, 241 

Cholmeley, William, 46, 47 n 

Cholmley, Sir Henry, 189 

Christian, Edward, 251 n 

Church, Henry Francis, rebuilds chancel of 
parish church, 182 

Church, parish, of St. Mary the Virgin ; legacies 
by Thos. Dudman and Will. Rolfe, 137; 
history and description, 164 to 195 ; East and 



Chipping Barnet formerly undivided, 165 ; 
agreement (a.d. 1471) relating to ministra- 
tions in E. and C. B. churches, 168 ; variation 
of diocese; value at Dissolution; age, 170 > 
changes in structure, 171 ; references in Joan 
Dudman's will, 171 ; inventory of furniture 
temp. Ed. VI. 173 ; list of contributions 
towards rebuilding of chancel, 174 ; second 
inventory of furniture, 178 ; alterations in 
1849, 180 ; observations by Mr. G. E. Street, 
180; later alterations and additions, 182; 
hatchments, 182 ; memorial slabs, 183 ; 
mural tablets, 190 

Church Field, 45 

Church Grove, 89 

Church Hill House and Trevor Park, history of, 
44 to 69 ; Thomas Rolfe, temp. Philip and 
Mary, resident on Church Hill, 44; mansion 
built by Thomas Conyers, 45 ; association 
with Lady Arabella Stuart, 48 ; acquired by 
the Berkelcys,5S; conveyed through Elizabeth 
Searle to the Trevor family, 63 ; in possession 
of the Ashhursts, 65 ; Trevor Park described 
by Miss L. E. Landon in Traits and Trials 
and The History of a Child, 66, 67 ; mansion 
removed, 69 

Churchyard, the, description of some of the 
tombs and inscriptions, 195 to 203. 

Clarke, Lady Catherine, nee James, 201 

Catharine, 201 

John, 201 

Philip Haughton, 88 

Sir Simon Haughton ; purchases Monken 

Frith, 87 ; monument in churchyard, 201 
Clerks, parish, see Parish 
Clock House (Dudmans), account of, 163, 164; 

reference (a.d. 1783) in register, 249 
Cockfosters, 117, 125, 177 
Colebrooke, Anna, 253 

James, 253 n 

Coleman, John, 45 

John, in Alston ped.. 84, 85 

Coles Grove, 23 
Coles Wood, 18, SO, 84 



262 



INDEX. 



Colles, Humphry, in Conjers ped., 58-59 

Colman, William, 139 

Coloma, Don Carlos de, 31 

Combes, John, 97, 98 

Commyns, Amy, 251 

Comyns, Sir Alexander, 251 

Coningsby, Thomas, notice of, and entries of 
baptism of three children, 248 

Conyers pedigree, 58-59 ; entries in parish regis- 
ters, 247, 249 

Mrs. Isabel, nee Askew, 48 n ; inscription 

188 ; contributor to chancel, 175, 177 

John, will quoted in externa, 46 

Katherine, 46 n 

Thomas, builder of Church Hill House, 45, 

46, 126 n ; burial, 57 

Conyes Hill, 23 

Cook, Sir Francis, 135 n 

Cooke, family, various members of, in Butler 
ped., 26-27 

Sir Thomas, 39 

Cooper, William, 157 

Coopers, Great, 95, 96; Little, 96, 98, 101 

Copwood pedigree, 90 

Elizabeth, 89 

George, singular entry in parish register 

relating to, 89 

Jane, nee Brockett, 89 

John, 89 

William, 89 

Copwoods Grove, 95 

Corbet, Richard, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Cordell, Thomas, 217 

Corpe, Ann Taylor, 192 

John, 192 

Sarah, inscription, 191 

Cotton pedigree, 107 

Alice, nee Langham, 108 

• ■ Charles, 109 

John, builds New Place, 88, 106 ; descent, 

108; epitaph, 109 ; extract from will, 110 

Sir Robert, 108 n 

Courts Baron and Courts Leet, 26 ; Pie Poudre, 
23, 44 n 



Coventry, Dorothy, 185 
Cowper, William, M.P., 86 

Cox family, various members of, in Hadley ped., 
74-75 

Elizabeth, inscription, 200 

■ Charlotte, nee Parslow, 80 n 

Hadley, Aixdideacon, 80 n, 81 

Cracroft, Sarah, nee Eyre, 234 

Thomas, 234 

Cra'ster, George, 112 

Craven, Sir William, in Whitmore ped., 38 

Crawfurd, Geoi*gina, nee Garrow, 238 

Creuze, Francis, 1G1 

Crispe, Thomas, in Cotton ped., 107 

Crosbie, Dean, in Morley ped., 64-65 

Crosscroft, 23 

Crowchemans, 21, 23 

Curtis, Sir William, 123 



D. 



Dacre, Lord, 151 

Lady Mary Jane, 151 

Dacre Lodge, (Buckskin Hall), 152 

Dallison, William, in Butler ped., 26-27 

Dalrymple, Lt. Col. Campbell, 253 

Dane Bridge, 15 n, 136 

Dane Grove, 89, 91, 95, 136 

Dane Land, 89, 91 

Dane Lane, 15«, 136 

Darrell, William, in Conyers ped., 58-59 

Davidson, Henry, 134 

Davis, Daniel, parish clerk, 245 

Dawes, Mr., of Belle Vue, 156 

Dawson, Thomas, curate, 210 

Daye, William, rector, biographical notice, 227, 

228 
Dean Meadow, 15 n 
Deane, John, 110 
De Chair, Dr. John, 202 
Deighton, Judith, 252 
Digby, John, 247; entries of baptism of children, 

247 ; account of family, 247 n 



INDEX. 



263 



Dix, John, items from will, 215 

Susanna, ne'e Grant, 215 

Doggett, John, 23, 125 n 
Doggett's Hill Grove, 22, 25 
Dolben, Sir Gilbert, 155 n 

Sir John English, 155 

■ Lady Judith, nee English, 155 

Sir William, 155 

Dormer, AVilliam, in Greene ped., 140-141 
Douglas, Dr. Andrew, 114 

George, Lord Dumbarton, notice of, 70 n 

Margaret, 253 

Douglass, James, 249 

Dowries, the, 24 n 

D'Oyley, Sir Henry, in Conycrs ped., 58-59 

Draper, Sir Christopher, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93 

Dudman, Joan, 171 ; her will quoted in extenso, 

172 

Thomas, will quoted in extenso, 137 

Dudmans, 83, 137, 143, 176; see also Clock 

House 
Dumbarton, Lord, notice of, 70 n 
Duprie, John, 196 

Durade, John Benedic, built Belle Vue, 156 
Durant, Enosh, 118, and Richard, 118 n 
Dymock, Sir Charles, 26, 27; his bequests, 28; 

monumental inscription, 29 

Sir Edward, 27 

Margaret, formerly Butler, nee "Wogan, 27, 

28 

E. 

East Barnet, changes in, 4 ; character of district 
in early times, 6 ; connection of parish with 
St. Alban's Abbey. 7 ; included in hundred 
of Cashio, 7 ; boundaries, 8 ; area, 9 ; popu- 
lation in 1831 O), 1841, and 1881, 9 ; no 
history previous to the Dissolution, 10 ; ety- 
mology, of the name, 10; ancient chapel 
provided by St. Alban's monastery, 10; 
formerly named La Barnet or Le Barnete, 
12 ; contention as to frankpledge, 13 ; Hum- 
phrey de Bohun's release of all claims 



against abbot and convent of St. Alban's, 
13; document quoted in extenso, 14; Subsidy 
Lists of Barnet, 14 ; list of 19 Edw. I., 15 ; 
list of 10 Edw. II., 16 ; frequent mention of 
the Rolfes, 17 ; various lands referred to in 
Richard Rolfe's will, quoted in extenso, 18; 
sparse population before the Reformation, 18; 
Courts Lcet and Courts Baron, 26; trades and 
adulterations, 27; mineral water well on 
common, 40 ; effect of Great Northern Rail- 
way, 158; agreement between Chipping and 
East Barnet to determine the parishes to 
which Pretylls fields and Lyonsdowne be- 
longed, 158 ; parish lands rated in a.d. 1632 
for repair of church, 176; value of living 
(a.d. 1650), 222; size of glebe, 222; assembly 
of notables at time of threatened French 
invasion, 235 ; Jubilee commemoration, 
(Geo. III.), 237; separation of Chipping 
and East Barnet parishes, 240; population 
in 1801, 1866, and 1891, 240 

East Meane, 153 

Eaton, Aaron, 191 

Lt.-Col. Isaac, inscription on mural tablet, 

190 

Edgeworth family, varnras members of, in Beau- 
fort ped., 230 

Richard Lovcll, 231 

Eeles, Nathaniel, 223 

Elliott, Sir Thomas, in Conyers ped., 58-59, and 
47 n 

Elsome, John, 39 

Elwin, Eliza Eleonora, nee Monk, 199, 239 

George Harvey, inscription, and the author's 

tribute to, 194 

Henry Savage, 194 n 

Thomas Henry, rector, biographical ac- 
count, with some particulars of his family 
238, 239 

Eroles, Don Anthony, in Beaufort ped., 230 

Essex, Thomas, parish clerk, 244, 249 

Everley Lodge, account of tenants (since 1803) 
162, 163 

Evers, Sir William, in Conyers ped., 58-59 



264 



INDEX. 



Eversden, Hugh de, 13 

Exeter, Countess Dowager, tenant of Church 

Hill House, 75 
Eyre, Archdeacon Venn, 234 



F. 



Fairs, market, 28, 42, 44 

Fanshawe, family, various members of, in 
Bourchier ped., 96, 97 

Anne, 104 

Lady Anne, nee Harrison, 101 ; her memoirs, 

103 ; provisions of will, 103 

Catherine, 104, 105 

Sir Richard, 1st. Bart., Ambassador to 

Spain, 102 ; translator, 102 ; Denham's exag- 
gerated praise, 103 

Sir Richard, 2nd Bart., 103 

Thomas, 96 

Fauconberg, Lord, some account of, 252 ft 

Fawell, Anna Maria, and Letitia Eleanor, in- 
scription, 190 

Felton, Thomas, in Cotton ped , 107 

Fetherston, Thomas, in Hadley ped., 74-75 

Feversham, Lord, 88 

Ffulketts (ffogetts) Fields, 144 

Ffyfield, Ralph, 178 

Fitz-Hugh, John, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Fitz-James, Sir John, interesting extracts from 
will, 77 ; his granddaughter Grace Strode 
brought up by Katherine Hadley, (nee Fitz- 
James), 78 

Fleming, Randolph, 250 

Fludd, Thomas, 218 

Foley, Thomas, 204 

Fox, Matthew, in Morley ped., 64-65 

Foxe, Paul, 45 

Frampton, Robert, 160 

Franklin, Sir John (a.d. 1632), 176 

Frankpledge, 13, 26 

Franks, Charles, 152 

■ Jane, nee Ganssen, 148 



Franks, William, of Mount Pleasant and Beech 

Hill Park, 148 
Frith, Thomas, 179 
Frith House, see Monken Frith 
Fuller, Esther, nee Duprie, 196 

Hester, 197 

John, 196 

Fulnetby, Sir Vincent, in Weld ped., 32-33 



(i 



Gaell (Gale), George, 252 

Gallard, Anne, 248 

Edward, 248, 252 

Gardner, Rev. Richard, 128 

Garrow, David William, rector, mural tablet to 
193 ; biographical account, 237, 238 

Gaussen, Samuel Robert, 148 

Cecilia, nee Franks, 148 n 

Gepp, T. F., in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 

Gervis, see Jarvis 

Gilbert, John, 252 

Gildart pedigree, 160-161 

Giles, John, 223 

Gill family, various members of, in Greene ped., 
140-141 

Ralph, of Dudmans, 137 n; "keeper of the 

lions," 139 

Sarah, nee Frampton, 160 

Gillum, Lieut.-Col. William James, 44, 69 

Gofton, Francis, 47 n 

Goodere, Sir Henry, 24 n, 31 

John, 168 

William, 89 

Goodfellow, Christopher, 39 

Goodhart, Mr., 149 

Goodwin, John, senior, rector, biographical notice, 
221 to 224 

■ ■ Mary, nee Milward, 222 ; her suit for main- 
tenance under sequestration, 223 

Mary, 248 

Goodwin, John, junior, rector, notice of, 224, 225 



INDEX. 



265 



Goodwyn, John, 20, 21, 22, 23 
Gough, Anthony, 248 

Elizabeth, senior, 251 

Elizabeth, junior, 253 

John, 157, 250 

Margaret, 250 

Mary, 248 

Richard, 157, 250 

Goulston family, various members of, in Meggs 

ped., 130-131 
Grace, Edward, in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 
Graham, George, watchmaker, anecdote of, 81 
Grainger, Thomas, 43 
Grammar School, Mr. Underne's connection with 

its foundation, 209 
Grant, Edward, rector, biographical notice, in- 
cluding will in extenso, 210 to 216 

Elizabeth, wife of John, inscription, 214 

Gabriel, 213 n 

Rev. Gabriel, 214 

John, 214 

Grant, Sir J. P. Grant, of Willenhall House, 135, 

157 
Grantham, Margaret, nee Fanshawe, 104 
Gray, John, master of Grammar School, 251 ; 

some particulars of his family, 251 
Great Northern Railway, effect of, 5, 158 
Greene pedigree, 140-141 

Christopher, 140 n 

Gertrude, nee Weston, 142 n ; inscription, 

189 

Grace, nee Gill, 137 n, 139 

William, 8, 83, 137 n, owner of Mount 

Pleasant, 139 ; provisions of will, 140, 141 ; 
contributor to chancel, 176, 177; epitaph, 
188 ; trustee of rectory, 244 ; gift of register, 
246 
Greenhill Grove (Pricklers), 24, 161 
Gribble, Mary Ann, 135 

Lieutenant Henry Cholmley, 135 

Grenada Cottage, 193 
Greenwood, Rowland, curate, 220 
Greswolde, Roger, in Weld ped., 32-33 
Grevill, Sir Edward, 185 



Grey, Mary de, nee Cowper, 86 

Sir William de, of Bohun Lodge, 135 

■ William de, chief justice, ter.ant of Monken 

Frith, 8Q ; his remarkable memory, 86 

Grove, Samuel, rector, notice of, 232, 233 ; four 
obelisks in churchyard in memory of the 
family, 200 

Grubb, Thomas, in Bourchier ped., 96-97 

Guild of the Trinity, 167, 168 

Gunston family, various members of, in Ash- 
hurst ped., 68-69 

Gyll, Elizabeth, 204 

Gylle,Mr, 178 



H. 



Hacke, Mr. J. M. 149 
Hadley pedigree, 74-75 

Edmund, 75, 76 

Elizabeth, nee Hodges, 80; inscription, 200 

George, of London, acquires Owsage, 74 ; 

provisions of will, 74 ; inscription, 75 
■ George (son of preceding), 75, 76 ; high 

sheriff of Herts, 79; items of will, 79; 

inscription, 199, 200 

George, of Lincoln's Inn, 80 

John, "Vice President of Royal Society, and 

constructor of reflecting" telescopes, 79; 

provisions of will, 80 ; inscription, 200 

John, of Copford, 82, 86 

Katherine, ne'e FitzJames, 77, 78, 79 ; 



inscription, 199 

Sarah, ne'e White, inscription, 75 

Haddington, 7th Earl of, connection with the 

Manor House, 72 
Hadow, Charles Edward, rector, biographical 

notice, with account of family, 239, 240, 

241 

Mrs. Jane Mary, nee MacGregor, 241 

Haestrecht, James, in Meggs ped., 130-131 
Hagdale, 18, 45 
Haggard, Rev. John, 82 
M 



2GG 



INDEX. 



Hamilton family, entries in parish, register, 248, 

249 
Hammond, Elizabeth, nee Bean voir, 113 n 
Hampden, Viscount, 65 
Hanbury, Charles Addington, 150 

Robert, 150 

Hano-ino- field, 84 
Hankej^ George, 135 

Caroline, nee Donovan, 135 n 

Hardwick, Anne, 243 

Hardwyk, Thomas, 19, 89 

Harris, Mr. of Willenhall, 157 

Harrison family, various members of, in Hadley 

ped., 74-75 

Gilbert, 7."> 

Richard, 103 

Harte, Alice, in Greene ped., 140-141 

Sir John, in Conyers ped., 58-59 

Hartegrove, 23 

Hartleys, 20 

Harvey, Thomas, of Belmont, 149 

■ — ■ — Maria, nee Paris, 149 

Hassard, Matthew, " Minister " (a.d. 1644), 223, 

224 
Hatchelswike, 57, 125 n, 176 
Hatchments, remarkable collection in old church, 

182 
Hatleye, John, rector, 208 
Hawes, Sir James, 90 
Hawtayne, Thomas, 28 
Hay, Sir James, 252 
Haynes, Charles, parish clerk, 245 

Henry, parish clerk, 245 

Heady, Esaias, parish clerk, 245 

Solomon, parish clerk, 245 

Hedge's, Anne, formerly Searle, 64 
Sir Charles, 64 

Sir William, 64 

Heneage family, various members of, in Greene 

peel., 140-141 
Hennyng, Thomas, 20 
Henyngham family, various members of, in Weld 

ped., 32-33 



Herbert, Arthur, lord Torrington, in Hadley 

ped., 74-75 
Hertford, Lady Isabella, ne'e Ingram, 186 
Hewitt, William, 9, 151 
HeyAvood, Thomas, in Conyers and Berkeley 

ped., 58-59 
Higgs, William Alpheus, 157 
Highgate, Mr. of Aggatts, 24 
Hill, George, 106 

Elizabeth, nee Richardson, 106 

George Gossett, 134 

John, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93 

Hodges, Thomas, 80 

Hoghton, Sir Henry, in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 

Hollis, Walter, 234 

Holmsted, Henry, in Alston ped., 84-85 

Homefield, 89, 95, 96, 98, 144 

Home wood, 84 

Hopper, William, in Casse ped., 120-121 

Home, William, 24 

Howard family, connection with Mount Pleasant, 

168, 169 

Lord William, 8, 9, 138, 139 

Hudson, Christopher, in Alston ped., 84-85 

Hutchins, Thomas, 100 

Hutton, Robert Rosseter, first rector of Chipping 

Barnet, biographical notice, 241, 242 

Sybil Harriet, nee Snell, 242 

Huxley family, various members of, in Hadley 

ped., 74-75 
Hues, Mr., of Cockfosters, 176, 177 
Hyde, Alexander, Bishop of Salisbury, 99 
Hynd, Francis, 252 



Idle, Christopher, 155 

George, 155 

Ingram, Sir Arthur, 185 

Henry, Viscount Irvine, 186 

Lady Mary, nee Grevil, inscription to, 185; 

singular provisions in her will, 186 






INDEX. 



267 



Jackys Croft, 22 
Jacobe, Elizabeth, 230 
James, Haestricht, 132 

Margaret, nee Meggs, 132 

Jaques, Martha, nee Grove, 200 
Jarvis, Arthur, 127, 175, 177 

- Elizabeth, formerly Rea, 127, 128 

John, 127 

Jefforde, John, curate, 208 

Johnson family, entries in parish registers, 247, 

248, 250 

Richard, skinner, 145 

William, 83, 95, 175 

rectory, 244 
Joliffs Grove, 22 
Jones, Evan, 199 
Jubilee of George III., 236 



177; trustee of 



Keathe, William, 129 n 

Keene family, various members of, see Under- 
wood, 233, 234 

Kedcrrninster, Oliver, 8 n 

Kelly, Mrs. Dorothy, 223 

Kemble, Thomas Nash, of Everley Ledge, 
163 

Kempton, Thomas, S, 9 

Kendrick, John, in Morley ped., 64-65 

Kennedy, Mr., of Bohun Lodge, 135 

Keterich family, various members of, in Meggs 
ped., 130-131 

Thomas, 153 

King, John, Bishop of London, 32 

William Paine, 253 

Kingston, Jane, nee Knightley, 82, 87 

■ John, 82 ; acquires Oak Hill estate, 87 ; 

purchases Belmont, 149 

Kitchinfield, Great, 45 

Knott, George, of Bohun Lodge, 134 



Kympton, Thomas, 249 

Kyrton, Stephen, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93, 



Lake, Rev. Mr., 117 

Lambe, Thomas, 215 

Lambei-t, Thomas, 82 

Landon, Mr., of Trevor Park, 66 

John, 66 

Letitia Elizabeth, 66 ; Trevor Park de- 
scribed in her writings, 67; allusion to by Mr. 
Lytton Bulwer, 68; marriage and death, 6S 

Langford, Thomas, will (Latin) quoted in extenso 
(A.n. 1418), 166 

Langham, Sir James, in Alston ped., 84-85 

Langton, Sir John and Lady, 28 

Latten, John, 39 

Lawarre, Mary, 252 

Lawes, Sir Nicholas, 43 

Lawson, Robert, 163 

Laxton, Anne, 252 

Leaden Porch inn, 208, 250 n 

Lee, Robert Cooper, 155 

Leigh family, various members of, in Chandos 
ped., 41 

Mr. (A.n. 1646), 22:i 

Sir Thomas, 38 

Leofric, Abbot, 6,1 n 

Leman, Sir John, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Leukenor, Sir Roger de, 13 

Lewis, John, 253 

Liddell, Lady Bridget, ne'e Woodward, 140 

Lion inn, 23 

Littlebury family, various members of, in Butler 
ped., 26-27 

Little Grove, history of, 88 to 124 ; Mr. John 
Cotton erects New Place, 88 ; reference 
to frontispiece, 88 ; connection with the 
Copwoods, 89 ; and Woodroffes, 90 ; enu- 
meration of certain lands included in 
the estate, 95 ; estate passes to Bourchier 
family, 96; acquired by the Parkers, 98; 

M 2 



H 



268 



INDEX. 



sold to Lady Fanshawe, 101 ; purchased by 
John Richardson, 105 ; Mr. Cotton's owner- 
ship, 106; passes to the Sharpes, 110; 
bought by Edward Willes, 114 ; tenancy 
of Lord Stormont, 115 ; alterations by Mrs. 
Tempest, 117; acquired by Frederick Cass, 
118 ; house enlarged by Mr. Cass, 123 ; 
and further enlarged by Mr. Campbell, 123; 
estate purchased by Mr. Sigismund James 
Stern, 123 

Lloyd, Sarah, nee Corpe, 192 

Lockwood, Mr., 73 

Long, pedigree of, 43 

Edward Beeston, 42 

Mary, nee Thomlinson, 42, 44 

Henry Lawes, 44 

Longberry mead, 95 

Long Croft, 89 

Long Dean meadow, 15 n 

Long Field, 160 

Lord's Grove, 8 

Lovell family, entries in parish register, 250, 
252, 253 

Lucas, William, 89 

Lyddall, Leonard, 209 

Lyonsdown, history of, 158 to 162; sold to 
Great Northern Railway Company, 158 ; 
consequent changes, 158; early owners, 159; 
acquired by the Meyer family, 160 ; passes 
to Andrew Reid, 161 

Lyte, Isaac, 74 n 

Lytton, Edward Bulwer, on Miss L. E. Landon, 
OS 

Mary, ne'e Harrison, 105 



M. 



Macaulay, Angus, 252 

Mackean, Nelson, 249 ; why so named, 249 
Maclane, Archibald, in Asbhurst ped., 68-69 
Maidwell, Anne, 250 



Majendie family, various members of, in Ashhurst 
ped., 68-69 

Malcolmson, George Forbes, 155 

John G., 5 n 

Malcott, John, 218 

Mandeville, Robert, 43 

Manor, the, history of, 19 to 44, formerly the 
property of St. Alban's Abbey, 19 ; granted 
to Goodwyn and Maynard, 20 ; transferred 
to the Butlers, 25 ; purchased by Sir John 
Weld, 30; conveyed to the Duke of Chandos, 
39 ; purchased by John Thomlinson, 40 ; 
passes, bj- marriage, to Mr. E. B. Long, 42 ; 
thence to the Richardson family, 44 

Manor House, the, history of, 69 to 73 ; recog- 
nised as the Manor House since Mr. Thom- 
linson's purchase, 69 ; earlier occupation by 
Sir Robert Peyton and Sir Richard Allibone, 
70 ; tenancy of Lord Binning, 71 ; in pos- 
session of Thomas Trevor, 72 ; successors to 
the Thomlinsons, 73 

Mansel, Robert Stanley fbrothcr of Dean) 
163 

Mansfield, Earl (1st), 115, 116 

Earl (2nd) 115, 116 ; his character, 

116 

Manton Grove, 23 

Mare, de la, Thomas, 13 

Margesson family, various members of, in Rich- 
ardson ped., 145 

Markham, Richard, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Marsh, Margaret, 253 

William, 253 

Marshall, Edward, 100, 101 

Mary, 252 

Marshe family, various member; of, in Morley 
ped., 64-65 

John, 22, 23, 24 

Margaret, 24 n 

William, 24 

Mason, , 176 

■ Anthony, curate, 203, 243 

Masse, Thomas, curate, 208 

Matthews, John. 249 



INDEX. 



2G9 



Matthews, Millicent, ne'e Fuller, 196, 197 ; her 

parrot, 198 
Thomas, Admiral, 197 ; loses a victory, 

197 ; alluded to by Horace Walpole, 197 
Mawson pedigree, 204 

Charles, 70 ; monumental inscription, 203 

Katherine, 203 

Margaret, 72, 203 

Maydwell, Grace, 248 

Maynard, John, connection with the manor, 20, 

21, 22, 23 
McNeill, Jannet, in Meyer ped., 1G0-161 
Meggs ped., 130-131 

Dr. James, 128, 131 ; provisions of will, 131 

Joanna, ne'e Stow, 132 

Judith, nee Cambell, 129 ; provisions of 

will, 130 

Margaret, 132 

William, draper, of Whitechapel, 128 ; 

provisions of will, 128 

William, junior, 129 ; items of will, 130 

William (son of preceding), 131 n 

Mellish family, various members of, in Conyers 

ped., 58-59 ; particulars in notes, 47 
Meyer pedigree, 160-161 
Paul, 160, 161 

Sir Peter, of Lyonsdown, 160 ; provisions 

of will, 160 

Peter 160, 1G1 

Meynell, Elizabeth, nee Ingram, 186 

Middleton, Thomas, 213 

Mildmay, Sir Miles, in Bourchier ped., 96-97 

Milles Grove, 23 

Millfields, 157 

Milner, Francis, 248 

Milward family, entries in parish registers, 247, 

248, 249 
Milward, Anne, ne'e Evans, 220 
Matthias, rector, attends Lady Arabella 

Stuart, 52 ; biographical account, 219, 220, 

221 ; his residence, 243 
Monday, Thomas, 39 
Monken Frith, (now Oak Hill), early agreement 

relating to, 13; test of agreement (Latin), 



14 ; notices of, in 16th century, 20, 21 ; 
history of, 83 to 88; held by the Johnsons, 
83; imparked by Sir Edward Alston, 
84 ; sold to George Hadley, 85 ; area 
of estate (in 1774), 86 ; change of name 
to Oak Hill, 87 ; sold to Sir Simon 
Haughton Clarke, 87 ; recent owners. 88 

Monson, William, Visct., some account of, 84 n 

Montague, Arabella and Harriott, 69, 72 

Edward, in Morley ped., 64-65 

Moore, Dorothy, 202 

John, 69, 202 

Mary, ne'e Sympson, 202 

Mootc, de la, John, 164 

Morley pedigree, 64-65 

Morris, Mr., of Willenhall House, 157 

Mounslow, Alice, 176, 244 

Benedict, tanner, items of will, ISO ; entry 

of burial, 249 

■ Benedict, parish clerk, 215 

■ Edward, parish clerk, 244 ; copy of appoint- 
ment (Latin), 244; burial, 245 

Edward (buried 1741). 251 

Edward, parish clerk, 245 ; inscription, 

245 ; tribute to by Mr. LTnderwood, 251 

Elizabeth, 249 n 

Mounsly, entries in parish register, 250 

Mount Pleasant, see Belmont 

Mun pedigree, 218 ; otherwise spelt Munne, 
Munnes, or Muns, 217 

Munnes, Edward, rector, notice of, with account 
of the family, 216 to 219 

Anne, nee Barry, 216 

Thomas, political economist, 216 

Mursett, Mr., schoolmaster, 209 

Murray, Henry William (Lord Mansfield), 115 

Dr. George, Bishop of Rochester, 239 

Muston, James, 107 

Musurus Pasha, tenant of Bohun Lodge, 135 

N. 

Napier, Francis (7th Baron), 151 
New Lodge, 156 



270 



INDEX. 



New Place, see Little Grove 

Newman, Gabriel, in Hadley ped., 64-65 

Newport, George, 110 ; provisions of will, 

110 n 
Nicholas, " parish priest," 18, 207 
Nicholl, Anne, inscription, 194 

Margaret, 253 n 

Richard, 162 

Nicholls, Daniel, 9 

Mrs. Margaret, 253 

Nickson, Hannah, nee Plukenett, 163 ; inscription, 

190 
Nicoll family, various members of, in Morley 

ped., 64-65 

Mrs. Anne, nee Hadley, 251 

John, 24 n, 39, 253 

Nicolls, Thomas, 243 

Noble, Francis, and Betty his wife, inscription, 

190 

Richard, in Hadley ped., 74-75 

Nockles, Christopher, 134 

Norris family and Norrysbury, 153 

Abigail, 105, 253 

Robert (several so named), 8, 9, 153 

Robert, of Enfield, 154 

Robert and Abigail, 105, 154 

Norrysbury, see West Farm 
North, Ralph, 208 

■ Richard, 208 

Northaw, 8 

Norton, Roger do, 12 

Norton, Thomas, rector, 207 

Nutbrowne, Thomas, in Casse ped., 120-121 



O. 



Oak Hill, see Monken Frith 

Oak Hill Park, 125 n 

Okylford Grove, 23 

Olliffe, James d', in Cotton ped., 107 

Olmius, John (Baron Waltham), 197, 198 

Olton, Robert, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Osbaldiston, John, 38 



Osbrooke, John, churchwarden, 179 

Owen, Evan, in Casse ped., 120-121 

- Henry, " minister " (a.d. 1645), 223 

Owsage (Ussage, Osidge), early references, 19, 
20, 21 ; Imtory of, 73 to 83 ; formerly 
Huzeseg, 73 ; plan (dated 1767), 74 ; 
erection of present mansion, 74 ; part 
of Hadley estate, 74 ; sold by John 
Hadley, 82 ; Ussage House rebuilt by Mr. 
Kingston, 82; area of estate (in 1834), 
83 



Packer, John and Philip, notices of, 60 n 
Page, Alice, inscription, 193 

John, inscription, 193 

Paine, Rev. Joseph, 253 
Palmer, Elianore, 21 

Lawrence, in Butler ped., 26-27 

Peter, 45 

Pamela, a negress, baptized, 249 

Pargitcr, Anthony, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93 ; 

mentioned in Mrs. Woodroffe's will, 92 
Paris, Archibald, 148 

Rebecca, nee Snell, 149 

Parish Church, see Church 

Parish clerks, chronological list of, 244, 245 

Parker, pedigree, 100 

Frederick Searle, 182 

Henry, of Little Grove, 98 ; provisions of 

will, 98 
Sir Henry, 99 ; monumental inscription 

(Latin), 101 

Margaret, 98, 101 

Margaret, ne'e Hyde, 99 ; inscription, 101 

Parkyns, John, 173; provisions of will, 173 
Parslow, Gen. John, in Hadley ped., 74-75, and 

80 n 
Parsons, Elizabeth, uce Johnson, 141 

Fenton, 83 ; items of will, 141 n 

William, 141 n 

Peahen Inn, 23 



INDEX. 



271 



Pearce, Robert, 250, 2.52 

Peck family, various members of, in Greene ped., 
140-141 

Bridget, nee Randyll, 143 

— Edward, serjeant at law, 39, 140, 142 

Gertrude, ne'e Greene, 142 

Grace, nee Greene, 140 

Katlierine, nee Thurston, 143 

William (son of serjeant), 9, 142 ; pro- 
visions of will, 142 

William (son of preceding), 143 

AVilliam (son of preceding), 143 

Peebles, John, 145 

Pelly, Sir John Henry, 88 

Peniston, Elizabeth, 159 -.', 253 

Jane, 159 n 

John, curate, 225 

Robert, 159 

Penncll, Edward, 187 

Penning, in Alston ped., 84-85 

Penny, Phoebe, nee Eaton, 191 u 

Perkins, John, 9, 84, 125 note d 

Pert, Margaret, nee Conyers, C2 

William, in Conyer3 ped., 58-59 ; C2 

Petwardine, in Casse ped., 120-121 

Peyton, Craven, 70, 71 

Major Robert, 70; anti-courtier, 70; pro- 
visions of will, 71 

Pfeil, Adolph Leopold, 15G 

Phesant family, various members of, in Weld 
ped., 32-33 

Peter, 30, 37 

Stephen, 37, 39 

Phibbs, William Henry, 162 

Pickard family, various members of, in Ashhurst 
ped., 68-69 

Pickering, Charles, 143 

Pie Poudre, Court of, 2S, 44 n 

Plukenett, Thomas, 163, 190 

Poole, Joshua, and wife, 252 

Poor House, old, 5 

Population, 15, 16, 17, 240 

Potters Lane, 24 u 

Pound, the, 176 n 



Povey, John, 38 

Poynes, Edward, parish clerk, 179, 244 

Poynter, , 90 

Pratt, Robert, 220 

Prevost, Catherine, nee Phipps, inscription, 192 

Major-Gen., 156 ; notice, 201 

Lieut.-Gcn., inscription, 192 

Price, John, in Greene ped., 140-141 ; provisions 

of will, 143 

Mary, nee Greene, 137, 140, 143 

Pricklers (Prittles), 24, 156, 158, 159, 161,2-5:! n ; 

for origin of the name, see p. 17 
Prior, Humphry, curate, 210 ; curious record of 

his ignorance, 210 
Prosser, George Walter, 249 
Prowde, Rev. Thomas, 219 
Pybus, John, 161, 253 n 
Pye, Henry John, of Clifton Hall, 163 

Mary, ne'e Booth, 202 

Mary Anne, nee Walker, 163 

Pym family, various members of, in Conyer 

ped., 58-59 

John, notice, 46 n 

Pymme, Thomas, 47 n 



Q. 



Quare, Elizabeth, 150 

Quihampton, Mr., of Buckskin Hall, 152 



i; 



Radley, John, 107 

Raikes, Job and Thomas, of Belmont, 149 

Ramrycheland, 89 

Ramrygc, Robert, 19 

Thomas, 19 

Ramsden, Sir John, in Butler ped., 26-27 
Randyll, Morgan, in Greene ped., 140-141 
Ravenscroft, James, 141, 241 
Rawlins, James, 183 ; inscription, 184 
Rawlyns, Great, 23, 30 ; Little, 23 
Raynolds, William, 21 



272 



INDEX. 



Rea (Raye), John, goldsmith, 83 ; provisions of 
will, 126 ; 137 n 

Sir John, scrivener, 126 ; notice, 178 n 

Richard, 127, 175, 177 

Roger, 126 n 

Walter, 178 n 

Rectors, biographical notices, in chronological 
order, 205 to 242 

Rectory, the, ground enclosed by Sir Anthony 
Mason, curate, 243; present parsonage 
purchased by Sir Robert Berkeley, 243 ; 
first trustees, 244; see also 170, for value 
temp. Ed. I., and at the Dissolution 

Reddyng, 23 

Registers, Parish ; previous records transcribed 
(a.d. 1637) into a book presented by 
William Greene, 246 : curious adventures of 
one of the registers, 246 ; extracts from 
registers, baptisms, 247 ; burials, 249 ; 
marriages, 252 

Reid, pedigree, 160-161 

Andrew, 73, 156 ; notice, 161 

Caroline, nee Napier, 162 

Eliza, nee Boddam, 162 

Francis Nevile, 152 

Harriot, nee Gildart, 161 

Jannet, ne'e McXeil, 162 

Revile, 152 ; 162 

William, 162 



Reresby, Lionel, in Butler ped., 2G-27 
Richards, Jolm, in Bourchier ped., 96-97 
Richardson, pedigree, 145. (N.B. See p. 144, 

as to Richardson families). 
Richardson, Barbara, ne'e Johnson, 144, in- 
scription, 147 

Charles, 163 

Elizabeth, nee Minshall, 144; inscription, 146 

Elizabeth, 105, 106, 154 

John, purchases Little Grove, 105, and 

West Farm, 154 

John (son of preceding), 106 

Richard, serjeant at law, 105, 106 

Richard (son of serjeant), 106, 151, 154 

Sir William Henry, 44 



Richardson, William Westbrook, of Mount 

Pleasant, 144 ; inscription, 146 
Ring Ditch, 8, 9, 14 n 
Robinson, John, in Hadley ped., 74-75 
Robinson, William, in Bourchier ped., 96-97 
Robynson, Robert, curate, 208 
Rolfe family, its members numerous, 17, 136 

John, 15 n, 23, 136 

Richard, will (a.d. 1526), quoted in extenso, 18 

- Richard (3 and 4 Ph. and M.), 136, 144 
Robert, 15 n, 136 

■ Thomas, 44 

- William (various), 15 n, 17, 22, 25, S9, 136, 
137, 144, 172 

Romney, Sir William, in Weld pec 1 ., 32-33 
Room Field, 139 

Roper family, various members of, in Morley 
ped., 64-65 

Christopher, 94 

Trevor Charles, Lord Dacre, 151 

Rose and Crown Inn, 21 

Ross, Andrew, in Meyer ped., 160-161 

Russell, Francis, 143 

Margaret, 2 fc5 

Russell's Grove, 22, 25 

Rycrof t, Sir Nelson, 43 

Ryder, William, 105 

Ryley, Henry, in Butler ped., 26-27 



S. 



Sabine, Mrs. Christian, 251 

Gen. Joseph, notice, 248 n 

Margaret, ne'e Newsham, 248 n 

Margaretta, 24S 

St. Alban's Abbey, connection with East Barnet, 

7, 12, 13, 14, 19, 73, 205 
St. John the Baptist Church, at Chipping Barnet, 

see Chipping Barnet 
St. John, Sir Rowland, in Alston ped., 84-85 
Samson, Harvey, parish clerk, 209 
Sandford, Julia, nee Tonge, 73 
Saunderson, Mildred, 186, 252 
Savage, Thomas, 20, 21, 83 , 



INDEX. 



273 



Scholliek, Septimus, 164 

Sclaater, Dr. (circa a.d. 1650), 222 

Searle family, various members of, in Morley ped., 
64-65 

Elizabeth, conveys Church Hill House, by 

marriage, to Thomas Trevor, 63 

John, 63 ; items of will, 61 

Sell, Elizabeth, ne'e Gray, 251 n 

Sergison, Thomas, 43 n 

Seymour, Lady Arabella, see Stuart 

Edward, Earl of Hertford, 49 

William, husband of Lady Arabella, 49, 50. 

53,54 

Shakemaple, Anne, 153 

Sharpe, Elizabeth, in Casse ped., 120-121 

Sharpe, Fane William, 110, 112; sells Little 
Grove, 113 ; provisions of will, 113 

Gregory, 111 

John, solicitor to the Treasury, 111 

John, purchases Little Grove, 1 10 ; pro- 
visions of will, 112 ; purchases West Farm, 
154 

Joshua, 111, 113, 114 

Josua, 203 

Mary, ne'e Newport, 110, 112 

Mary, 113 ; marries Dr. Beauvoir, 114 

■ Olive, ne'e Cartwright, 112 

William, of Elstree, 111 

Shaw, Samuel, minister (a.d. 1658), 224 

Sheffield, Lady Margaretta, nee Sabine, 248 n 

Sherbourn Field, 160 

Shirley, Ann, 73 

■ Thomas, 73 

Simpson, Mr., of Willenhall House, 157 

Skip worth, Elizabeth, nee Rea, 178 n 

Slany, Sir Stephen, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Sleath, Mr., 115 

Smith, Elizabeth, nee Maclane, 66, 69 

Dr. Hugh, 66 ; in Ashhui st ped., 68-69 

Humphry, in Conyers ped., 58, 59 

John, Commissioner of Excise, 100 

■ Ralph, 178 

Robert, of Bohun Lodge, 135 

William Ashhurst, 66 n 



Smyth, Richard, in Casse ped., 120-121 

Snell, Vyner, 149 

Sotherton, John, 47 n 

Nowell, 47 n 

Sparke, Thomas, 175, 178 

Spearman, Robert, 72 

Spencer, Marie, 250 

Bridget, ne'e Milward (?), 220 

Stage Coach, from Hatfield to London, 5 

Stauuford, Sir William, 159 

Stern, Sigismund James, inscription, 199 ; pur- 
chases Little Grove, 123 ; his character, 
124 

Margaret, nee Sharp, 124 

Stephens, Nathaniel, 78 n 

Stephen's land, 95 

Steven's mead, 135, 136 

Stewart, Robert, 253 

Stonehouse, George, 36 ; in Woodroffe ped., 92, 
93 

Sir James, 30 ; ii; Weld ped., 32-3 ; 36, 37 n 

Stormont, David (7th Viscount), 115 ; tenant 
at Little Grove, 115 ; biographical notice, 
116 

Lady Louise, 116; her interest in the poor, 

116 71 

Strangford, Lady Emily-Anne, nee Beaufort, 

232 
Stratford De Redcliffe, Lady, nee Alexander, 

150 
Street, Mr. G. E., remarks on East Barnet church, 

180 
Stringer, Sarah, nee Woodroffe, 98 

William, 76 

Strode, Sir George, 77, 78 

Grace, nee Fitzjames, 77 

Grace (afterwards Mrs. Thynne), 78 

Stuart, Lady Arabella, the story of her detention 

at Church. Hill House, and her escape in 

disguise, including a copy of Nicholas Pay's 

"accompte" for her maintenance at East 

Barnet, 48 to 57 
Stukkeshedge, 23 
Stutters, Walter, parish clerk, 245 



2 K 



274 



INDEX. 



Subsidy lists for East Barnet, 19 Edward I. and 

10 Edward II., 15, 16, 17 
Sunderland, Charles, Earl of, 65, 253 
Sunninges grave (variously spelt), 8, 9, 13 n, 20, 

22,25 
Suthaw, 8 
Suthaweborhain, 19 
Sutton, Jane, in Casse ped., 120-121 
Sympson, Rev. Isaac, 202 



Tall wood, 18 n 

Tate, Bartholomew, 43 

Tayler, Robert, rector, tomb and inscription, 
183, 184 ; writer of " The Whole Duty of 
Man," 184 ; curiosity as to the authorship, 
185; biographical account, 225; his peculiar 
signature, 225 

Taylor, Rev. Cecil, inscription, 191 

Edmond, 151 

Taylour, Edward, 21, 23 

Teed, Miss, 150 

Tempest, Anne, nee Townsend, 98 n ; makes 
alterations at Little Grove, 117; known as 
lady Tempest, 117; provisions of will, 118 

John, purchases Little Grove, 115 

Temple, Sir John, 84 

Tewart family, various members of, in Casse ped., 
120-121 

Thimbleby, Edmond, 90 

Thimblethorp of Lincoln ; in Weld ped., 32-33 

Thomlinson pedigree, 43 

John, purchases the Manor, 40 ; provisions 

of will, 40 ; buys house, afterwards known 
as "Manor House," 69; and pasture, 229 

John, of Cley, 40 

John, M.P., 42 

Mary, 40, 42 

■ Mary (Mrs. Long), 42 

Richard, 40 n 

Thomlinson, Robert, 40 n 



Thompson, Robert, in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 
Thomson, James, (poet), at the Manor House, 72 
Three Corner Field, 84 
Thwaites, Dorothy, 159 

Matthew, 159 

Richard, 159 

Thynne, Grace, nee Strode, 78 

Henry, 78 

Tither, Anne, 250 n 
Tomlinson, Henrietta, 251 
Townsend, Edward James, 99 n, 118 

Gore, US 

Joseph, 118 

Trecothick, Barlow, 42 n 
Trevor pedigree, 64-65 

Ann, 73 

— — Arabella, 151 

■ Elizabeth, ne'e Searle, 63, 64 

Elizabeth, 65, 253 

Rev. Richard, 72 

Robert, (4th Baron), 65, 72 

Ruth, 151 

■ Thomas, (1st Baron), 63 ; notice, 64 

Thomas, (2nd Baron), 65 

Thomas, of the Temple, 72 

Trevor Park, see Church Hill House. 
Tryon, Moses, in Hadley ped., 74-75 
Turner, John, in Conyers ped., 58-59 

" Mother," 249 

Tyler's land, 20, 22 

Tyrell, Sir John, 107 

Tyretts lands, 22 

Tyrwhitt family, various members of, in Butler 

ped., 26-27 
Robert and Thomas, 30 



U. 



Udny, Mary, nee Hougham, 133 

Robert, 86, 87, 133 

Underne, Edward, rector, biographical notice, 
209, 210 



INDEX. 



275 



Underwood, Benjamin, rector, gift of window to 
church, 182 ; inscription, 192 ; biographical 
notice, including an account of a meeting 
held at the parish church in expectation of a 
French invasion, 233 to 237 

Upton, Joanna, formerly Meggs, 132 

Urmston, Thomas, 37 

Ussage, see Owsage 



Vane, Sir Henry (afterwards Tempest), 117 
Vaughan, Richard, curate, 210 



W. 



Waller, William, 230 

Walpole, Lady Catharine, 43, 44 

Horace, his allusion to Admiral Matthews, 

197 

Walker, Elizabeth, in Casse ped., 120-121 

Thomas, gifts to church, 179 

William, 163 

Walsingham, Lord, 86 

Warde, Margery, 208 

Warner, Sir Henry, 107 

Warre, Brathwaite, nee Ashley 149 

Henry, Rear Admiral, inscription, 193 ; 

naval achievements, 193 

John Ashley, 149 

John Henry, purchases Mount Pleasant, 148 

John Henry (son of John Ashley), 149 

Warren, the, 84 

Warter family, various members of, in Mawson 
peel., 204 

Warton family, various members of, in Richard- 
son ped., 145 

Waterhouse, Mr. T. G., 157 

Watts, Dr. Isaac, note in Ashhurst ped., 68, 
69 

Wayne, John, 157 

Weld, pedigree, 32-33 

2 N 



Weld, Lady Frances, 31 ; in Sir John's will, 34 ; 

37, 176 

Humphry, Lord Mayor, 30, 31, 89 

Sir John, purchases manor, 30; erects Weld 

chapel, 32 ; epitaph, 32 ; will quoted in 

cxtenso, 33 ; gift to persons bearing the name 

of Weld, 35 
Thomas, Cardinal, 31 



Weld Chapel, 32 

Wenlock, Lord John, 207 

West, George, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93 

Temple, 117 n, 154 ; others of that name, 

154, 155 

Westbrook, William, 145 

West Farm, now Norrysbury, history of, 153, 
154, 155, 156; early connection with the 
Karris family, 153 ; passes to John Richard- 
son of Little Grove, 154 ; in possession of 
the West family, 154; purchased by R. C. 
L. Bevan, 155 

Whalley, Robert, in Ashhurst peel., 68-69 

Wheler, Borris, 22 

. Nicholas, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Whelpdailc (Wheldall), Charles and Margaret, 
28 

White family, various members of, in Hadley 
ped., 74-75 

Dr. Francis, inscription, 201 ; notice, 201 n 

John, 100 

Sir John, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93 

White's Mead, 95, 96, 98 

Whitewelle, John de, 13 

Whitmore pedigree, 38 

George, (in Latin document), 30; 37 

William, in Weld ped., 32-3 ; 37 

Wickham, Annabella, ne'e Cholmley, 189 

Elizabeth, nee Browne, 186 ; inscription 

189 ; items of will, 189 

Henry, Archdeacon, 189 

Tobias, 189 

William, Bishop of Lincoln, 189 

Wilford, Richard, 251 

Willenhall House, see Belle Vue 

Wilkes, Philip, in Woodroffe ped., 92-93 

9 



270 



INDEX. 



Willes, Anne, ne'e Taylor, 87, 115 

Edward, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 114 n 

Edward, of Little Grove, 95, 113 ; Solicitor 

Gen., and Judge, 114 

Rev. John, 114 n 

Sir John, 114 

Williams, Mr., of Everley Lodge, 163 

Rev. Isaac, 192 n 

Wilson, Giffin, 162 

Thomas, of Little Grove, 117 n ; 118 

Winter, George, in Conyers ped., 58-59 
Wiseman family, various members of, in Alston 

ped., 84-85 

John, 85 n, 248 

Wogan family, various members of, in Butler 

ped., 26-27 
Woodham, John, 23 
Woodroffe pedigree, 92-93 

Bridget, 91 n, 93 

David, of Little Grove, 89 ; alderman and 

sheriff of London ; presides at executions of 

Protestant martyrs, 90 ; provisions of will, 

91 

Dyonice, 95 n 

Mrs. Elizabeth, 91 ; her will quoted in 

extenso, 92 

Martha, 96 

Nicholas (son of Robert), 95 

Robert, 92 ; named in his mother's will, 92, 

93 ; demises his East Barnet lands, 94 ; pro- 
visions of will, 95 

Robert (son of Nicholas), 96 

Stephen, 91 ; named in his mother's will, 

92, 94 : demises lands to Anthony Bour- 

chier, 96 

Susan, 97 

Woods Mead, 136 
Woolfe, Ann, 253 n 



Woolfe, Sir John, 24; in Morley ped., 64-65; mar- 
riage entry, 253 

Margaret, nee Nicholls, 253 

Marshe, 157, 253 n 

Wren, Christopher (father of Sir C. Wren), 140 n 

— — Matthew, Bishop of Hereford, 140 n 

Wright, Jermyn, in Cotton ped., 107, and in John 
Cotton's inscription, 109 

Roger, 168 

Wrothe, John, 13 

Wroughton, Edwai-d, 148 

Wyatt, Eliza Isabella, memorial window to, 182 

Elizabeth, 156, 157 ; inscription, 194 

James Reeves, memorial window to, 182 

Robert Edward, 157 

Thomas, 156 ; erects Willenhall House, 156 ; 

inscription, 193 

Wynch, Alexander, Floi'entia, and William, 87 

Wynn, Mr., 139, 178 

Wythe, William, 23 



Yonge, Sir George, 73 

Julia or Juliana, authoress, 73, 249 

Sir William, 73 

Yorke, Lady Agneta, 155 

George, in Butler ped., 26-27 

■ — ■ — Sir Joseph Sydney, 155 

Yorkes Close, 89, 95, 153 

Young, Charles Baring, purchases Oak Hill, 

Charles Edward Baring, 88 

Eliza, nee Winthrop, 88 

Sir Samuel, 88 



Zinzan, Alexander, 247 n 



INDEX. 



277 



INDEX OF PLACES 



To which Special Sections are Devoted. 



Belle Vue, now Willenliall House, 156 

Belmont, formerly Mount Pleasant, 136 

Bohun Lodge (" The House near Bourn Gate ") 

125 
Buckskin Hall, 150 

Cluu'ch Hill House and Trevor Park, 44 

Churchyard, the, 195 

Clock House, formerly Dudmans, 163 

Everley Lodge, 162 

Littie Grove, 88 
Lyonsdown, 158 

Manor, the, 19 



Manor House, the, 69 

Monken Frith, now Oak Hill, 83 

Mount Pleasant ( "Belmont"), 136 

Norrysbury ( " West Farm " ), 153, 

Oak Hill ( " Mouken Frith " ), 83 
Owsage, Ussage, or Osidge, 73 

Parish Church of St. Mary the Virgin, 164 

Trevor Park and Church Hill House, 44 

West Farm, now Norrysbury, 153 
Willenhall House ( " Belle Vue " ), 156 



INDEX OF PEDIGREES. 



Alston, 84-85 
Ashhurst, 68-69 

Beaufort, 230 
Berkeley, see Conyers 
Bond, see Whitmore 
Bourchier, 96-97 
Butler, 26-27 

Casse, 120-121 

Chandos, 41 

Conyers and Berkeley, 58-59 

Copwood, 90 

Cotton, 107 



Gildart, see Meyer 
Greene, 140-141 

Hadley, 74-75 
Long, see Thomlinson 



Mawson, 204 

Meggs, 130-131 

Meyer, Gildart, and Reid, 160-161 

Morley and Trevor, 64-65 

Mun, 218 



278 

Parker, 100 

Reid, see Meyer 
Richardson, 145 

Thomlinson and Long, 43 



INDEX. 

Trevor, see Morley 

Weld, 32-33 

Whitmore and Bond, 38 
Woodroffe, 92-93 



INDEX OF ARMS. 



Abney, in Ashhurst ped., 68-09 

Albini or Arundel, 61 

Allen, 34 n 

Allin, in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 

Alston, in ped., 84-85 

Argall, 213 n 

Arlush, in Casse ped., 120-121 

Ashhurst, in ped., (JS-iJi'' 

Askew, in Conyers ped., 58-59 ; and see 188 

Austin, in Mun ped., 218 

Baldwin (with Wigley, Child, and Acheley) 187 

Barnham, in Mun ped., 218 

Barrett, 242 

Beake, 111 n 

Beaufort, 230 

Berkeley, 61 

Bernard, 41 

Berenberg, 160 

Bevan, 155 n 

Bond, 38 

Booth, 203 

Bourchier, in ped., 96-97 

Bradbridge, in Mun ped., 218 

Brewes, 61 

Brotherton, 61 

Browne, 24 n 

Brydges, 41 

Butler, in ped., 26-27 



Button alias Grant, 32 
Buxton, 62 

Casse, in ped., 120-121 

Campbell of Colgrain, 123 n 

Chandos, 41 

Clarke, 201 

Conyers, in ped., 58-59 

Cop wood, 90 

Cordell, in Mun ped., 218 

Corpe, 191 

Cotton, 108 n 

Cox, 200 

Daye, 228 
Dix, 215 n 
Dynne, in Meggs ped., 130-131 

Eaton, 191 
Elwin, 239 

Fitzalan, 61 
Fitzhugh, 32 
Fitz james, 77 
Franks, 148 n 
Fuller, 196 n 

Gervis or Jarvis, 127 n 
Gildart, 162 n 

Gill, in Bourchier ped., 96-97 
Gill (of the Tower), 139 n 



INDEX. 



279 



Goulston, n in Meggs ped., 130-131 
Greene, n in ped., 140-141 
Greswolde, in Weld ped., 32-33 
Grevill, 185 

Gunston, in Ashhurst ped., 68-69 
Gyll, 204 

Hadley, 199 

Hadow, 241 

Haestrecht, in Meggs ped., 130-131 

Hanbuiy, 150 u 

Hankey, 135 n 

Harrison, 75 n 

Hedges, 64 n 

Hodges, 200 

Hutton, 242 

Huxley, n in Hadley ped., 74-75 

Lngram, 185 

James, 201 

James, in Meggs ped., 130-131 

201 

Kemcys, in Whitmore ped., 38 
Ketcricb, in Meggs ped., 130-131 

Lake, 41 

Langton, in Butler ped., 26-27 

Laxton, 252 n 

Lee, 155 n 

Littlebury, in Butler ped., 26-27 

Long, 43 

Mansel, 163 u 

Marslie, in Morley ped., 64-65 

Mawson, 204 

Meggs, 128 11 

Meyer, 160 

Minshull, 145 

Moore, 202 

Morley, in ped., 64-65 

Mowbray, 61 

Mun, 218 



Newton, 150 n 

Nicoll, 41 

in Morley ped., 64-65 

Paris, 149 n 
Parker, 100 

Peebles, 145 

Pert, 61 

Peyton, 70 

Phesant, in Weld ped., 32-33 

Potter, in Casse ped., 120-121 

I'viius, 161 11 

Pym, in Conycrs ped., 58-59 

Rea, 126 u 
Reeves, 194 
Reid, 162 
Richardson, 145 

Scarle, 64 

Segrave, 61 

Sharp, 124 n 

Sharpe, 111 notes c and j 

Smith of Abingdon, 69 n 

Sparke, 175 n 

Stephens, 78 n 

Stern, 124 n 

Sympson, 202 

Thomlinson, 43 

Trevor, in Morley ped., 64-65 

Tyrwhitt, 29 

Udny, 87 n 

Vesey, 61 

Wardwike, 61 
Warre, 148 n 

Wairen, 61 
Warter, 204 



280 

Weld, 32-33 

Westbrook, 145 

White, n in Hadley ped., 74-75 

Wickham, 189 

Wogan, in Butler ped., 26-27 



INDEX. 



Woodroffe, in ped., 92-93 
Wright, 109 
Wyatt, 194 

Yorke, 30 



i 



PRINTED BY NICHOLS AND SONS, 2.", PARLIAMENT STREET, WESTMINSTER. S.W. 



MONKEN HADLEY 



BY 

FREDERICK CHARLES CASS, M.A., 

OF I5ALLIOL COLLEGE, OXFORD, 
RECTOR OF MONKEN HADLEY, MIDDLESEX. 



" Ille tcrraram niihi prater omnes 

Angulus ridet." 

liar. Curi/l. II. vi. 13. 




WESTMINSTER: 

PRINTED BY J. B. NICHOLS AND SONS, 
25, Parliament Street. 



1S80. 



THE PAEISH OF MONKEN HADLEY. 



By the Rev. FREDERICK CHARLES CASS, M.A. 



Men sometimes interest themselves in speculating upon the feelings with 
which their progenitors might be animated could they revisit the scenes, which 
they once inhabited, and muse over the changed aspect of localities with which 
they were in lifetime familiar. Assuredly, in many instances, there would remain 
little beyond the more prominent features of the landscape to recal the memory 
of events in which they took part, or of places in which they lived and moved and 
had their being. On the other hand, there can be no doubt of the fascination, 
which past occurrences exercise over the minds of many of the living, nor of the 
vivid interest which impels them to repeople in imagination the neighbourhoods 
in which they dwell with the forms and features of those who have preceded 
them. Hume, in well known words, places this sentiment in the very forefront 
of his history. " The curiosity," he remarks, " entertained by all civilized nations, 
of inquiring into the exploits and adventures of their ancestors, commonly excites 
a regret that the history of remote ages should always be so much involved in 
obscurity, uncertainty, and contradiction." Passing occurrences, if not noted at 
the time they happen, leave so transient an impression upon most minds, that it 
is extremely difficult to gather up in a connected form the short and simple annals 
that constitute a village history, and the memory of the conventional " oldest 
inhabitant," even if well stored with facts, is seldom to be relied upon implicitly, 
when the object is to arrange those facts in chronological succession. 

It may not perhaps have entered directly into the purpose of the originators 
of our parish registers, but instances are met with, in which they have been made 
not only a record of births, marriages, and deaths, but have likewise served as 
chronicles of the more remarkable events that have diversified the local history ; 
— the severity of a winter, for example, the productiveness or failure of harvests, 
the height to which, in a low-lying district, the waters have risen during seasons 
of flood, and so forth. We have cause to lament that such an application of them 
was not more generally adopted. It would, without doubt, have supplied the 

a 2 



4 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

annalist with many an interesting fact now irretrievably lost and have illustrated 
allusions contained in ancient records, which, in the absence of such references, 
have remained, and will most likely for ever remain, obscure. 

A discriminating pursuit, however, of past history is a very different thing, let 
us remember, from that blind worship of antiquity, which almost seems to resent 
the idea of progress, and which, if left to itself, would keep society stationary. 
True wisdom is rather shewn in accepting the present, whilst assigning its proper 
place to the past; recognizing in either an adaptability to particular times and 
particular circumstances, even as it has been said that " To everything there is a 
season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven." Thus regarded, the 
teaching of bygone centuries may become an incentive to us to live worthily of 
our own, — as it were budding a scion of the more cultivated plant upon the pri- 
mitive stock, with a becoming acknowledgment, but without any over-estimation 
of the precise measure of our indebtedness. The world is moving on and, if to- 
day be in advance of yesterday, without yesterday it would not have been at all. 

" "Wake again, Teutonic Father-ages, 

Speak again, beloved primeval creeds ; 

Flash, ancestral spirit, from your pages, 

Wake the greedy age to nobler deeds. 

Ye who built the clmrches -where we worship, 

Ye who framed the laws by which we move, 
Fathers, long belied, and long forsaken, 

Oh ! forgive the children of your love ! 

Speak ! but ask us not to be as ye were ! 

All but God is changing day by day. 
He who breatbes on man the plastic spirit, 

Bids us mould ourselves its robe of clay." a 

The country lying immediately to the north of London was covered, we are 
told, at the earliest known period, by extensive forests, through which the com- 
munications must have been mere tracks only suitable for pedestrians or pack- 
horses. From this will of course be excepted the ancient Roman roads ; as, for 
instance, the Watling Street way, leading from London to Yerulam, the modern 
St. Alban's. The line which this road followed passed through Sulloniacae, b placed 

a Rev. C. Kingsley. Proem to The Saints'' Tragedy. 

b The Roman fortress built on the site of the scattered town or towns of Sulloniac, where the extent of 
the remains seems to indicate more than one British post. Clutterbuck's Hist, of Hertfordshire, i. xv. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 5 

by Camden" at Brockley hill, near Elstree, to the west of the region with which 
we are now more directly concerned. In his History of St. Alban's Abbey, b the 
Rev. Peter Newcome asserts that " there is still visible," in this part of the 
country, "another original Roman road, through the forest of Enfield Chace, 
called at this day Camlet way, and which seems to have been the road from 
Verulam to Camelodunum, or Canonium." Though it is not expressly said, an 
inference appears to be suggested that the origin of the name may be traced to 
this circumstance. It is at all events not more remote than the derivation, 
undoubtedly authentic, of Cattle Gate, near the boundary line of Enfield and 
Northaw parishes, from Cathale, a small priory dependent upon Cheshunt Nunnery. 
Mr. Newcome must surely be in error, notwithstanding, in supposing that Camlet 
way represents the ancient thoroughfare connecting Verulam with Camulodunum. 
This would almost necessarily have been carried further to the north, and is in 
fact to be sought along a line passing near Hatfield and Hertford to Bishop's 
Stortford. d If indeed there be any real foundation for his surmise, the track in 
question might rather be conjectured to mark the road which united the Roman 
stations of Camulodunum and Sulloniacse. However this may have been, it is 
certain that, from early times, one of the most direct communications between the 
villages of Hadley and Enfield, through the heart of the intervening chace, was 
thus designated. In Gunton and Rolfe's map (a.d. 1658), Camlet or Camelot 
way is distinctly laid down as the road between Hadley church and the elevated 
ground known as the Ridgeway. It ran past Camlet Moat, e an old hunting lodge, 
immortalised by Sir Walter Scott in The Fortunes of Nigel. There are no longer 

a Diet, of Greek and Roman Geography, edited by William Smith, LL.D. art. Sulloniaca. 

b p. 7. 

c The first Roman colony in Britain, the Colonia wr' eZvyriv, is the Caer Colnn of the British and the 
Camulodunum of the classical writers, according to the general assent of investigators. The contributor to 
Smith's 'Diet, of Greek and Roman Geography doubts, however, the identity of Colonia and Camulodunum. 
The first he believes to have been Colchester, the second Maldon. Smith's Diet., art. Colonia; Antoninus, 
Iter Britanniarum, by Rev. Thomas Reynolds, M.A., 1799, pp. 224, 308. 

d See British and Roman maps of Hertfordshire, by Rev. Thomas Leman, of Bath, at pp. vii. and xiv. 
of Clutterbuck's Hist, of Hertfordshire, vol. i. 

c " Tradition asserts that the ancient manor-house of Enfield, in the time of the Mandevilles, was 
situated near the middle of the Chace, not far from the west lodge, where there is still a large square 
quadrangular area, surrounded by a deep moat, called Camlet-moat, overgrown with briars and bushes." 
Robinson, Hist, of Enfield, i. 58. This moat is said to have been the lurking place of the notorious high- 
wayman Turpin, whose grandfather, one Nott, kept the Rose and Crown by the Brook (Bull Beggar's 
Hole), Clay Hill. 



(') 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 



any remains of a building, but the outline of the moat is to be traced a short 
distance to the west of the northern lodge of Trent Park, within the inclosure of 
which it is now comprehended. 

Down to times comparatively recent a broad stretch of forest land intervened 
between Enfield and the western portion of the metropolitan county. In describing 
the state of England in 1685, lord Macaulay writes that, "at Enfield, hardly out 
of sight of the smoke of the capital, was a region of five and twenty miles in cir- 
cumference, which contained only three houses and scarcely any inclosed fields. 11 
It was known as the Park or Chace of Enfield, and was only dischased towards 
the close of the last century (in 1777), by Act of Parliament, 17 Geo. III. c. 17. 
The Tudor and first two Stuart sovereigns frequently visited it for purposes of 
sport. Upon the edge or outskirt of this royal hunting ground lay the little 
parish of Hadley, otherwise known as Monken Hadley (Hadley Monachorum), 
owing to its early connection with the Benedictine monastery of Walden in Essex, 
dedicated to the honour of God, St. Mary, and St. James, b to which the church of 
Enfield, together with others in the neighbourhood, likewise belonged. They were 
comprised in the lordships, with which Geoffrey, first earl of Essex, grandson of 
Geoffrey de Mandeville, or Magnaville, a companion in arms of the Conqueror, 
endowed the abbey in the year 1136. 

Galfridus de Mandevilla, temp. Conq.=p 



Willielnms de Mandevilla.=j=Margareta, unica filia et hieres Endonis Dapiferi. 



=f=Galfridus de Mandevilla (fundator)=pRoIiesia, filia Alberici 



erectus in comitem Essexia' per 
Regem Steph. ob. xvi. Kal. Oct. 
1144.° 



de Vere com. Oxon. 
postea nupta Pagano 
de Beauchamp. 



Beatrix de Mandevilla= 
domina de Say, amita 
Will, de Mandevilla, 
ob. 1200. 



:Willielmus 
de Say. 



Alicia, 
uxor Job. 
de Laci 
Constab. 
Cestria;. 



I — 
Rober- 
tas. 



Galfridus de : 
Mandevilla, 
com. Essexia 1 , 
ob. s. p. xii. 
Kal. Nov. 
1165. 



: Eusta- Hadewisa, unica=Willielmus de — Christiana, 



chia. 



filia et ha:res 
Will, le Gros, 
Com. Alber- 
marlise, ux. 1. 



Mandevilla, 
com. Es- 
sexise, ob. 
s. p. 1189. 



filia Roberti 
D. Fitz- 
walter, ux. 



1 

Ernul- 
pbus. 



Williel- 
mus de 
Say, 
ob. vita 
matris. 



Galfri- 
dus de 
Say. 



Henricus de Bohun, Comes Herefordite.=y= 



Beatrix de Say.=j=Galfridus, fil. Petri, ob. 1214. 



Humfridus de Bohun Conies Herefordire. 
ob. 1234, sep. ap. Walden. 



=Matildis. 



Galfridus. 



Willielmus, cognomine Mandevilla (succeeds 
to the whole inheritance), ob. 1228. 



Matildis. 



Humfridus de Bohun, Comes Herefordia: et=Elizabetha, fil. 
Essexiaj, Constab. Anglia', ob. 1275. Edwardi I. 



Henricus. Radulphus.' 1 



a Hist, of England, i. 311. 

b In many documents the dedication seems to have been confined to St. James. 

c " Anno 1144, Gaufridus de Mandevilla consul novus sagitta percussus est, et in ipso vulnere post 
aliquot dies occubuit." Ex historia Rogeri Hovedeni. Ash. Libr. MS. 844, f. 30. (Now in the Bodleian 
Library.) 

d Dugdale, Mon. iv. 133. Dugdale, Baronage, i. 201. 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 7 

Hadley is included in the grant, under the name of the Hermitage of Hadley. 
The charter of foundation runs as follows : — " Gaufridus de Magnavilla comes 

Essexia3 ad universitatis vestre noticiam volo pervenire me fundasse 

quoddam monasterium in usus monachorum apud Waldenam ; in honore Dei, et 

sanctse Marias, et beati Jacobi apostoli, quibus devote contuli scilicet 

ecclesiam deEnefelda, ecclesiamde Edelmetona, ecclesiam de Mymmes, ecclesiam 

de Senleya, Concedo autem eis et confirmo heremitagium de Hadleya 

cum omnibus ad eundem locum pertinentibus, introitum, et exitum, et com- 
munem pasturam pecoribus eorum in parco meo, in quo heremitagium illud 
situm est," &c. a It would appear, consequently, that at this remote period the 
hermitage was within the limits of the park or chace of Enfield. When the two 
surveys, hereafter to be noticed, were made in the seventeenth century, we find 
the church represented as standing just outside the boundary of the chace. 
Newcourt b thus remarks upon the passage : " So that probably this Church of 
Hadley was at first but a Chappel to that Hermitage ; or, if it was in those 
times a Parish Church, yet it was in the Donation of the Abbot and Monks of 
Walden." It has been alleged by Lysons, on the authority of an ancient MS. 
that, in the time of Henry VIII., C Hadley was a hamlet of Edmonton parish, and 
such a fact would in a manner tend to confirm the above statement that its 
original church was merely an ecclesiastical structure attached to the hermitage, 
and directly dependent upon Walden Abbey. It is observable that in some of 
the oldest documents it is styled Monkeschurch, 11 as if, in the eyes of persons 
living in the neighbourhood, scarcely considered to possess any parochial con- 
nection. 

Extending nearly east and west along the confines of the chace, from Cock- 
fosters, in the former direction, to the elevated plateau north of the town of Barnet 
in the latter, the small parish of Monken Hadley, included in the hundred of 
Edmonton, consisted originally of a narrow strip of uneven and picturesque 
ground in the form of an acute-angled triangle, having its apex at Cockfosters 
and its base on the high and level land alluded to, from which it falls with a 
southern and south-eastern inclination towards the East Barnet valley. It is 
bounded on the north and east by Enfield, on the south by East and Chipping 

a Mon. Angl. iv. 133. b Repertorium, i. 621. 

c Lysons, ii. 517. Cotton MSS. Brit. Mus. Vespasian, E. vi. f. 55. 

<l Will of Thomas de Frowyk, of South Minims, 48 Edw. III. Will of Henry de Frowyk, of the 
same, 8 Rich. II. Hist, of South Mimms, 77, 82. 



8 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

Barnet, and on the west by South Minims. Lysons gives the derivation of the 
name from the Saxon, Head leagh, a or high place, an explanation which, if 
warranted on other grounds, the position of the church and adjacent houses 
would amply justify. The little hamlet of Cockfosters b is situated in the three 
parishes of Hadley, Enfield, and East Barnet, on the border itself of Hertford- 
shire and Middlesex, and must formerly have been a very isolated nook sur- 
rounded by the forest. One of the houses, which has successively borne the 
names of Buckskin Hall and Dacre Lodge, was apparently one of the keepers' 
lodges. Against the wall of an upper room there still remains the representation 
of a hunting scene in fresco outline, presenting every appearance of belonging to 
the time of James I. even if one of the personages delineated be not intended for 
a portrait of that monarch. 

Erom the rising ground of Cockfosters a bridle path descends by Ludgrove, 
otherwise called the Blue House, whence the church of Hadley is visible on the 
opposite eminence, into a depression, through which a streamlet, becoming after- 
wards the Pymmes brook, finds its way by East Barnet and Bowes to Edmonton, 
there to be united with the Lea. At the present time it issues from the orna- 
mental water within Beech-hill-park, but anciently must have drained the 
uninclosed land in that portion of the chace, at a period when the lake in 
question had no existence. Emerging from the bed of the stream, through trees 
and underwood, this bridle path, after traversing an interval of level ground and 
passing a house known as the Eolly farm, d built, as there is evidence to show, 
between the years 1636 and 1686, by one Thomas Turpin," rises with a sharp 
ascent, which in 1658' bore the name of Pridgen's 8 Hill, in the direction of the 

a Heafod, ahead, or Heah, high, and Leag, legh, leah, lega, ley, A ley, field, place, campus, pascuum. — 
Bosworth's Anglo-Saxon Diet. 

b The origin of this name has been a source of perplexity to many. Amongst other surmises a con- 
jecture has been hazarded that it may be looked for in the French bicoque forestiere, indicative of a 
remote situation amidst uninclosed forest land. Bicoque, petite ville ou place de peu de consideration, 
a little paltry town. Fleming and Tibbins' Fr. Diet. The French historian, M. Henri Taine, employs 
the word in this sense : Origines de la France Contemporaine, L'ancien Regime, p. 59. Eugenie tie 
Guerin, in her letters, p. 281, speaks of " une bicoque de village." 

c Now the residence of Percival Bosanquet, esq. who has reverted to the older designation. 

d The carriage road from Barnet and Hadley, in the direction of Cockfosters, carried over the 
Great Northern Railway by a bridge, to the east of the original track, now disused, terminates at this 
point. 

e Thomas Turpin was Mr. Secretary Coventry's servant. — Survey of Enfield Chace in Hadley parish chest. 
The house was probably erected not long before the later of the dates mentioned in the text. 

f Gunton and Rolfe's map. s The name is met with in Enfield parish in 1661. 




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The Parish of Morikcn Hadley. 9 

parish church. On the brow of the hill still nourishes by the roadside, in hale 
old age, a venerable relic of the forest, which for some years past has been called 
Latimer's elm. a In the days that preceded the Union the parish work-house stood 
very near it. The view from this spot is interesting still. Before the Great 
Northern Railway was constructed, when not a dwelling, save the residence of 
Lyonsdown with its adjacent buildings, now destroyed, occupied the space now 
filled by the modern houses of New Barnet, it was very lovely. Taking in the 
hamlet of Cockfosters and the mansions of Belmont and Little Grove on the 
rising ground to the left, the eye followed the outline of the East Barnet valley 
until the view was terminated southwards by Muswell Hill and ITighgate. Here 
and there, still ascending westwards towards Hadley church, and immediately 
contiguous to the houses, the decaying skeletons of other forest trees continue to 
define the ancient limits of the Chace, whilst the withered and leafless trunk b 
adjacent to the rectory perhaps marks its extremest limit in that direction. 

It is probable that, from a very early date, a line of dwellings fringed the 
eastern side of the road leading to Barnet and of the present Hadley Green, 
looking westwards over the open heath or moor where the great battle was fought. 
The parishes are perplexingly interlaced in this quarter, Hadley extending to 
within a short distance of Barnet church on the eastern side of the road, whereas, 
on the western, it gives place to South Mimms before reaching the entrance of 
the New Road. On the level plain, of which Hadley Green now forms a 
portion, was fought on Easter Hay, 14 April, 1471, the decisive battle, which 
assured the re-establishment of Edward IV. upon the throne, and which, even 
without the subsequent victory of Tewkesbury, three weeks later, gave a final 
blow to the hopes of the Lancastrian party. A hazs of uncertainty hangs over 
the details of the engagement, though the accounts of several of the old 
chroniclers were compiled within comparatively few years afterwards/ More 
perhaps than on any other points are they found at variance with respect to the 
numbers engaged and the extent of the slaughter. It was naturally the policy of 
the Yorkist writers, whose authority would have been in the ascendant sub- 

a The name occurs in the parish Reg. John Latimer and Mary Fartridge were mar. 2 Oct. 1678. 

b A picturesque cottage, of considerable antiquity, which formed its appropriate background, was pulled 
down in the winter of 1872-3, and the site included within the precincts of Hadley Lodge. 

c The battle of Tewkesbury was fought on the 4th of May, 1471. 

d Warkworth was Master of St. Peter's College, Cambridge, 1473 — 1498. Philippe de Comines died in 
1511. The Chronicle of Robert Fabian, a London alderman, was first printed in 1516. John Rastell, a 
printer, who married a sister of Sir Thomas More, died in 1536. Edward Halle, a lawyer, and judge in 
the sheriffs court, died in 1547. 

B 



10 The Parish of Moriken Hartley. 

sequently, to enhance the glory of Edward's success by representing the strength 
of his forces as falling largely below that of his rivals. But the feudal arrange- 
ments of that day were not unlikely to leave the numerical strength of the 
armies in doubt, as different leaders, with the troops under their orders, came in, 
up to the last moment, to range themselves under one standard or the other. It 
is conceivable too that, on this occasion, many who took part in the battle were 
undecided to the last which cause they should espouse. There was evidently a 
general suspicion of treachery, and the course which Warwick himself and bis 
brother Montagu might ultimately adopt was by no means sure. 

Even the precise site of the battle has been debated. Salmon, in his History 
of Hertfordshire, 11 says that " the place which the present Inhabitants take for the 
Eield of Battle is a green spot near Kictis-End, between the St. Alban's Boad and 
the Hatfield Boad, a little before they meet." It is near this that Sir Jeremy 
Sambrooke's obelisk now stands, and here it was, according to tradition, that 
Warwick fell. Mere tradition, however, can only be accepted with considerable 
reserve, and it is to be remembered that the chronicles would rather lead to a 
conclusion that the Lancastrian chief lost his life after his forces had been already 
broken and in the rear of his original order of battle. Ear more likely is it, 
therefore, both from this consideration and from the configuration of the ground, 
that the line occupied by Warwick's army was drawn nearer to Barnet, extending 
in the direction of Haclley church eastwards and crossing what is now Hadley 
Green in the contrary direction. We can hardly suppose that so experienced a 
leader would have been unobservant of the depression to the north of Hadley 
church, or insensible to the danger of having it in the rear of his position. 
Besides which, he enjoyed the advantage of being first in the field, and was in a 
condition, we may presume, to study its features before they became obscured by 
the fog. This accords moreover with Sir John Paston's statement, when writing 
to his mother from sanctuary in London, on the Thursday following, that the 
encounter took place " halfe a mile from Barnet," b and with the site mentioned 
by Halle. c We can thus easily understand how the disordered troops of Edward's 

a Ed. 1728, p. 56. 

b A.D. 1471, 18 April. Sir John Paston to Margaret Paston. " Wretyn at London the thorysdaye 
in Estern weeke." His brother John, of Gelston, had been wounded by an arrow in the battle below the 
right elbow. 30 April. John Paston, of Gelston, to Margaret Paston. Paston Letters, cccxi. and cccxiii. 
Fenn's ed. 1840-1, ii. 59, 61. Gairdner's ed. iii. 3, G. 

c Edward Halle's Chronicle, 294 — 297. " This tonne (Barnet) standeth on a hill, on whose toppe is a 
faire plain, for twoo armies to joyne together." Cf. The Annals of John Stow, ed. of 1G15, p. 423. 
" Halfe a mile from Barnet ; " Weever's Fun. Hon. 704. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 11 

left should, when worsted, have fled through the town. The definition of a plain 
half a mile from Barnet exactly applies to the situation of Hadley Green. The 
moated manor-house of Old Fold, belonging to the Erowykes, may have been an 
important feature in the conflict. In a more advanced state of military science, 
it might have become another Hougoumont. 

Assisted with money and men by his brother-in-law, the Duke of Burgundy,* 
and having embarked at Flushing, 2 March, 1471, King Edward, 1 ' with a 
force of 2000 men, landed on the 11th at Ravenspur, near the mouth of the 
Ilumber, the same place where Henry of Lancaster, afterwards Henry IV., had 
disembarked in 1399, when he returned to dethrone Richard II. Aided by 
the defection of his brother, the duke of Clarence, " false, fleeting, perjured 
Clarence," c before Coventry, and having, by mingled stratagem and good fortune, 
succeeded in outmanoeuvring Warwick in the course of the ensuing weeks, the 
invader, by way of St. Alban's, effected an entrance into London, 11 April, 
being the Thursday before Easter. It is observable that London and the great 
merchant towns had steadily supported the house of York throughout the long 
struggle. Two days later, Saturday the 13th, he again set out to meet his great 
adversary, who, having now united his forces, had advanced from the neighbour- 
hood of Coventry and, in his turn passing through St. Alban's, had occupied 
Gladmore heath, then an open plain to the north of the little town of Barnet. 
The circumstances of the rivals had undergone a change, and the Last of the 
Barons, as he has been called in the brilliant pages of lord Lytton, instead of 
advancing to crush an opponent, was preparing to sustain his onset. He had 
allowed himself to be deceived into an expectation that London would detain 
Edward at least a few days before its walls. d 

With the unhappy Henry VI. in his company, Edward rode out of London 
on Easter Eve, in the afternoon. 6 On reaching Barnet, " ten small miles 
distant," his advanced guard drove some of the scouts of lord Warwick's army 
out of the town, and pursued them a distance of more than half-a-mile until, 
"by an hedge side," they found themselves face to face with a large body of the 

a Margaret of York, sister of Edward IV., was the third wife (married in 1468) of Charles the Bold, 
Duke of Burgundy. 

b He had quitted the country 3 October, 1470, and landed at Alkmaar in Holland. During this exile 
his elder son, Edward, Prince of Wales, afterwards Edward V., had been born (4 November, 1470) in the 
sanctuary at Westminster. Stow, p. 423. 

c Shakspere, Richard III., act i. sc. 4. a Rapin, i. 613. c Halle. 

B 2 



12 The Parish of llonken Hadley. 

opposing forces/ In the course of the night Edward, a consummate general, 
disposed his army for the approaching conflict. He suffered none of his troops 
to remain in the town, but ordered them all to the front, himself lodging with 
them on the field. The country was by this time overspread by a thick mist 
due, according to the superstitions of the age, to magical b incantations and 
raised, as was said, by one Bungay a conjurer. It obscured the lustre of the 
Paschal moon and rendered the needful evolutions difficult of execution. Owing 
to the thickness of the weather he was deceived in calculating the position 
occupied by his enemy, and is reported to have prolonged his right, beyond the 
ground which it would naturally have taken up, into the chace of Enfield and 
perhaps into the immediate vicinity of Hadley church. Having protected his 
own position with palisades and trenches againt a night attack, and enjoined 
silence upon his soldiers, lest the enemy should suspect their nearness, he awaited 
daybreak. It would seem that this latter precaution was not altogether 
successful. Both armies passed the night under arms and, as we are told by 
Halle, the tents were so near together that " what for neighyng of horses, and 
talkynge of menne none of both the hostes could that night take any rest or 
quietnes." The result of Edward's disposal of his forces was that, instead of 
the two armies directly confronting each other, the right of either overlapped 
its adversary's left. During the night "Warwick's artillery/ 1 in which he was 
stronger than the King, had been playing from his right wing upon what were 
believed to be the Yorkist positions in front but, for the reason just stated, the 
balls fell harmless, no enemy being within the range of this portion of his line 
of battle. It has also been stated that, though the firing was kept up almost 
continuously, it did little or no execution because, owing to the nearness of the 
Yorkists, the shot fell beyond them. 

Day broke at 4, and an hour later the battle commenced, terminating towards 
noon e with the overthrow and death of Warwick. The marquis of Montagu/ 
Warwick's brother, with the earl of Oxford," led the Lancastrian right ; 

a Holinshed, iii. 684. 

b Chronicle of Sir Richard Baker, knt., ed. of 1730, p. 210. Lord Lytton has availed himself of this 
superstition in the Last of the Barons. 

c Sir R. Baker. a Artillery was first used in field-warfare at Crecy. 

e Kapin, i. G13. f John Nevile, created marquis of Montagu by Edward IV. in 1469. 

g John de Vere, 13th earl of Oxford, was the son of John, the 12th earl, beheaded on Tower Hill in 
1461, at the accession of Edward IV. He afterwards espoused the cause of Henry VII. and led the 
archers of the vanguard at Bosworth. Scott has made him a leading character in his novel of Anne of 
Geierstein. He was twice married and survived until 1513, but died s. p. 



The Parish of ' Monk en Hadley. 13 

the duke of Somerset a commanded 1 ' the archers in the centre; Warwick in 
person, with the duke of Exeter, directed the left. The horse were stationed 
in either wing. Edward, on his side, seems to have adopted a different formation, 
and had massed his forces on three lines. His vanguard was commanded hy 
Richard, duke of Gloucester, who had not long since completed his eighteenth 
year,' 1 Edward himself conducted the battle, 6 in which the captive Henry VI. 
was placed, and lord Hastings' brought up the rear. He had further a company 
of fresh men, held in reserve, which eventually did good service. 5 

The opposing hosts being ordered for the engagement, the chiefs on either 
side harangued their followers preparatory to the onset. Halle, the chronicler, 
professes to record the gist of their respective addresses, which it is even possible 
may have been reported to him by some who heard them. Warwick, he tells 
us, " encoraged his men to fight, with many comfortable wordes, willing theim 
to strike with a good and a fierce corage, and to remembre that they fight not 
onely for the libertie of the countrey, against a tiraunte, whiche wrongfully and 
against all right had inuaded and subdued this realme, but they fight in the 
querell of a true and vndubitate King, against a cruell man and a toreious vsurper, 
in the cause of a Godly and a pitiful Prince, against an abhominable maqueller,' 1 
and bloudy butcher. In the title of a gentle, liberall, and bountifull Kyng 
against an extreme nigard and a couetous extorcioner. In which cause being 
so good, so godly, and so iust, God of very iustice must nedes be their sheld and 

a Edmund Beaufort, third duke of Somerset, had succeeded his brother Henry, the second duke 
(beheaded at Hexham in 1463), and was himself beheaded at Tewkesbury. He was the son of Edmund 
Beaufort, first duke (killed at St. Alban's 23 May, 1455), whose father Sir John Beaufort was the eldest 
legitimated son of John of Gaunt by Catharine Swynford. After the Battle of Barnet he "was in all post 
haste flying toward Scotland, but fearinge the ieopardies, that might chance in so long a iorney, altered 
his purpose, and turned into Wales, to Jasper, earl of Pembroke." Brit. Mas. Add. MS. 5482 f. 4 b. 

& Halle. 

c Henry Holland, duke of Exeter, great-grandson of Sir Thomas de Holland, K.G. by Joan 
Plantagenet, the Fair Maid of Kent (afterwards married to Edward the Black Prince, and mother of 
Richard II.), had married Anne, eldest daughter of Richard, duke of York, and sister of Edward IV. 
He was found dead in the sea between Dover and Calais in 1473. 

a He was born at Fotheringay Castle on Monday, 2 Oct. 1452. Gairdner's Life and Reign of Richard 
III. Will. Wyrc. Annates 477. 

e The main body, as distinguished from the van and rear. 

f Ancestor of the earls of Loudoun and of Huntingdon. Sir William de Hastings, knt. cr. in 1461 
baron Hastings by Edw. IV. was beheaded in the Tower 13 June, 1483. 

s Chronicle of Sir Richard Baker, knt. ed. 1730, p. 210; Halle pp. 294—297. 

h Man-queller, a destroyer of men. — Halliwell's Diet. 



14 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

defence." Edward, on the other hand, strove to stimulate the ardour of his 
soldiers by assuring them that " their aduersaries wer onely traitors to the 
realme, spoylers of the pore commonaltie, and people destitute of al grace, good 
fortune, and good liuyng. Which mischeuous persones, if they should preuaile 
through the faintnesse of your hartes, all you gentlemen and richmen wer in 
ieoperdy of your lifes, all meane men in doubt of robbyng and spoylyng, and all 
inferior persones in hasard of perpetual bondage and seruitude." 

The trumpets now sounded a and the battle fairly began. Archers first 
discharged their arrows and the bill men followed them. For a time the result 
of the conflict hung in the balance, and there was an interval when it seemed 
more than probable that success would incline to the Lancastrian side. It would 
appear to have consisted of a succession of engagements or skirmishes over 
different portions of the field, not directed according to any fixed plan, a result easily 
accounted for by the obscurity of the weather." An unexpected incident had 
an important bearing on the issue of the day. It is not mentioned by Halle, 
but Stow relates how the Lancastrian right wing, having forced back and 
routed the left of Edward's position, in returning to resume its place in the line 
found itself confronted by its own centre. So severe had been their onset, that a 
portion of the Yorkists had been driven through the town, and the report of a 
Lancastrian victory was carried by certain of the fugitives to London. Halte 
indeed maintains that they, who galloped to London with the intelligence, were 
lookers on and not fighters. Owing, however, to the mist concealing the defeat 
of Edward's wing, there was no discouragement along the rest of the line. The 
cognizance of the de Veres, the earl of Oxford's badge, as is well known, was a 
star with streams or rays, which his men had embroidered on their coats both 
before and behind, whereas King Edward had adopted that of a sun d in splendour. 
Having beaten back Edward's left, lord Oxford wheeled about to return, thinking 
that his own line had been left too much exposed. The heavy mist hindered 
the difference of the badges from being recognized, and V/arwick's centre, by a 
not unnatural error under the circumstances, supposing that Edward's army was 

a Halle. b Had. MS. 543, f. 31. Stowe's Historical and other Collections. 

c Fabian says that " if his men had kept their array and had not fallen to rifling, likely it had been 
as it was after told, that the victory had failed to that party." 

d Kapin, i. 613. " Speed tells us that Oxford's men had his star or mullet embroidered on their 
coats, and King Edward's soldiers the sun; but it was a little white rose with the rays of the sunbeams 
pointing round about it." Lower's Heraldry. It has been called " the white rose en soleil" See, however, 
Shakspere, Henry VI. Part III. act ii. sc. 1, for the origin of this badge at the battle of Mortimer's Cross. 

e Eapin, i. 613. 



The Parish of llonken Hadley. 15 

in full march towards them, poured a volley of arrows into Oxford's returning 
troops, who, suspecting treason, fled to the number of eight hundred. As has 
been already mentioned, an apprehension of treacherous dealing seems to have 
prevailed extensively on either side. 

Edward had by this time brought his reserve into action and by noon, or as 
some say by 10 o'clock, the victory of the Yorkists was assured and lord Warwick 
and his brother Montagu slain. Their bodies were removed to London in a cart the 
same afternoon and, after exposure naked at St. Paul's, conveyed for interment to 
Bisham Abbey in Berkshire." The duke of Exeter escaped with his life. Having 
been dangerously wounded in the field, and left for dead from seven in the morning 
till four in the afternoon, he was brought to the house of one of his servants near 
at hand, called Huthland, where he was tended by a surgeon and afterwards con- 
veyed to sanctuary at Westminster. 1 ' Rapin says that, upon consciousness return- 
in" 1 , he crawled to the next house and found means to be carried thence to London. 
The victor returned immediately to the capital, having the unhappy Henry in 
his train, and without delay offered his standard and gave thanks to God at 
St. Paul's. Rastell a writes that "the same after none, Kynge Edwarde came 
into London agayne, and brought Kinge Henry with hym, rydynge in a long 
gowne of blewe velvet thorowe London, and so to Westmyster, and from thens 
sent hym vnto the Towre, where he remayned as prisoner all hislyfe tyme after." 
It was commonly reported, according to Halle, that sorrow for the death of lord 
Montagu, whom he regarded personally with extreme affection, materially 
diminished the satisfaction winch the King would have otherwise experienced 
after so signal a success. 

The bodies of the more distinguished amongst the slain, on both sides, were 
conveyed away, and many of them interred in the church of the Austin Eriars, 
London/ The commonalty, it is stated, were buried on the field, half-a-mile 
from Barnet, but no tradition survives as to the spot. Stow informs us that a 
chapel was erected on the site, and a priest appointed thereto to say mass for 
their souls. In his time this chapel had become a dwelling house, of which the 
top quarters yet remained/ It has even been asserted that the church of Hadley 
was the structure in question, but this is altogether erroneous. 

» Stow, ed. 1615, p. 423. Weever's Fun. Mon. p. 704. b Stow. c Halle. 

a The Pastime of People, by J. JR., a.d. 1529. Dibdin's ed. 1811. 
c Weever's Fun. Mon. 419. 704. Stow, p. 423. 

i Stow, p. 423, ed. 1615. The name of John Rastell is set in the margin but, in his Pastime of People, 
284, Dibdin's ed., there is no allusion to the circumstance. Weever, 704. 



16 The Parish of MonJcen Eadley. 

After making large allowance for the imperfect communications of those days, 
it is difficult to conceive how so great a discrepancy could have arisen as exists, 
both as to the strength of the armies engaged and the number of the slain. 
Many of the historians were nearly contemporary with the events related, whilst 
others a had facilities for informing themselves, which ought to have insured 
some approximation to accuracy. Reinforcenents were probably flocking in to 
either army up to the last moment. It is likely, notwithstanding, that Warwick 
may have had the advantage of mere numbers, 15 whilst, against this, must be set 
off the defection of Clarence, and the fact that Edward brought into the field a 
small body of trained German soldiers, who had accompanied him into England, 
armed with hand- guns, then a new weapon in war, and was furnished besides with 
a fine train of artillery. The Warkworth chronicle/ 1 whose writer's sympathies 
were Lancastrian, and which was probably compiled about 1473, puts the number 
of Warwick's forces at 20,000. That, on the other hand, which has come down 
to us under the authority of Fleetwood, recorder of London in the reign of 
Elizabeth, assures us that 9000 on his, the Yorkist, side were met by 30,000 on 
the other. This latter chronicle e was compiled by a servant of Edward IV., 
who " presently saw in effect a greate parte of his exploytes, and the residue 
knew by true relation of them that were present at every tynie," and is presum- 
ably identical with a Erench MS. still preserved in the public library at Ghent. 
The MS. appears to be an illuminated transcript r of a Report, drawn up by one 

a Rastell, whose father-in-law, Sir John More, resided at Gobions, in the neighbourhood, was not unlikely 
to have heard many of the local traditions concerning the engagement. 

b Rapin alleges the reverse, i. G13. 

c History of the English People, by J. R. Green, M. A. ii. 46. 

d The chronicle is a folio in vellum, of 225 pages. 

Hislorie of the Arrivall of Edward IV. in England and the final recovery e of his kingdomes from 
Henry VI. A.D. 1471, ed. by John Bruce, esq., F.S.A. Camden Soc. Pub. 1838. " The historie of the 
arrivall of King E. 4. in England, and the finall recouerie of his kingdomes from H. 6. in A D 1 1471 
written by an Anonymus, who was living at the same time and a servant to the saied King E. 4. 
Transcribed by John Stowe the chronicler with his owne hand." Harl. M.S. 513, f. 31. Stow's 
Historical and other Collections. A small quarto vol. 

f It has been printed in the Archtvologia, vol. xxi. p. 11. (a.d. 1827). The MS. is on vellum, of 
quarto size, and at the head of each of the four chapters is a highly finished illuminated miniature. 
" Miniature 1. represents the battle of Barnet. The two armies, clad in armour, are engaged in close combat, 
the Lancastrians bearing a large red banner, with a border and a rose embroidered in gold. Edward, on a 
white charger caparisoned with red cloth lined with blue, and seme' with fleurs de lis, his vizor raised and a 
gold crown on the top of his helmet, appears to have just pierced with a long red lance the breastplate of 
his antagonist, intended no doubt for the earl of Warwick. In front two esquires are engaged hand to 



The Parish of Monhen Hartley. 17 

of the followers of Edward IV. and forwarded to the court of Charles the Bold. 
It is accompanied by a letter from Edward himself, dated 29 May, and written 
from Canterbury, addressed to the inhabitants of Bruges, informing them of the 
complete success with which his expedition to England had been crowned, and 
thanking them for their hospitable and generous entertainment of himself and 
friends whilst residing in exile in their city. It is easily conceivable that, during 
the ascendency of the White Rose, a disposition may have generally prevailed to 
enhance in every way the splendour of Yorkist successes, to be followed by a 
reaction in the opposite direction when the Red Rose of Lancaster began once 
again to lift up its head after Bos worth Eield. 

There is an equal, if not greater, discrepancy in the estimates of the killed, 
some of the chroniclers making the number amount to 10,000, a others to 4,000, b 
and those who speak most moderately to 1,500.° Sir John Paston, who was present, 
wrote on Thursday, 18 April, after mentioning certain persons by name, that 
there were " other people of both parties to the number of more than a thousand." d 
This is by far the lowest computation that we find given by any writer, and we 
may remember that it comes from one, who was not only on the field himself but 
who must also have had the opportunity of conversing with others who were 
there engaged. It must further be borne in mind that, contrary to the rule 
previously followed of shewing mercy towards the inferior ranks, Edward, on this 
occasion, charged his followers to give no quarter to any. Many of the fugitives 
and wounded sought concealment, it is said, at North Mimms and other neigh- 
bouring villages. 

The church of Monken Hadley, formerly at the very edge of the parish and 
chace, stands at an elevation of 426 ft. 9 in. above the sea level, according to the 
last Ordnance Survey, the highest point in the High Street 6 being at 431ft. 3 in. 
Prom the summit of its tower, reached by a turret staircase of 61 steps, a very 
charming and extensive view, over a country well wooded for many miles round, 
rewards an ascent. The spreading branches of trees intercept a coup cVoell over 
the neighbouring battle-field, but farther away to the north-west the eye can detect 

hand with swords. The Lancastrian is attempting to thrust the point of his weapon through the bars of 
his opponent's helmet, whilst another of Edward's squires is pushing him off with his lance. In the back- 
ground the open country is seen between two high ridges of rock. On the summit of the right bank is a 
large castellated building." It need hardly perhaps be mentioned that the scene, as represented, bears no 
resemblance whatever to the actual site. 

a Halle, Comines. b Stow. c Fabian, Rastell. 

A Fenn's Paston Letters. See previously, p. 10, note. 

e Immediately opposite the entrance of the New Road. 

C 



18 The Parish of Mbnken Hartley. 

St. Alban's, to the east Waltham Abbey beyond the Lea with the low line of 
Essex hills to the south of it, and, in clear weather, the River Thames with its 
shipping in the vicinity of Woolwich. It is nearer at hand, however, that the 
prospect is most attractive, embracing as it does the pretty gardens behind the resi- 
dences on Hadley Green and the undulating outline of the Wood and Common, tbe 
open downlike space at its upper level becoming exchanged for picturesque glades 
abounding in timber as one descends in the direction of Cockfosters. Only a few 
years since, and the recesses of the wood were gay in spring with primroses, 
cowslips, violets, and wild strawberries ; but the spoiler has been at work, and 
comparatively few remain. When the Enfield Chace Act was passed, 240 acres 
of chace land were made over to Hadley, of which 50 were assigned to the rector 
as glebe, and form the sole fixed endowment of the living. Of these latter a 
portion was sold iu 1799 to redeem the land-tax. The remainder, inclosed by 
gates, and constituting the present Hadley Wood and Common, is justly celebrated 
for its sylvan beauty. Its privileges, in some respects singular, are jealously 
guarded by its proprietors, the freeholders of the parish, through the church- 
wardens for the time being, as their trustees and representatives. The whole of 
these 240 acres are still subject, under the Act, to the payment of both rectorial 
and vicarial tithes to Enfield. 

We have the ancient limits of the Chace, where it abutted upon the parish of 
Hadley, set out in surveys made successively in the years 1636 and 1686, and by 
this means became acquainted with sundry changes of proprietorship. In 1636 a 
the boundary, starting from "the house of Mr. Hewitt," b at Cockfosters, "and 
from thence to the house of the heirs of Robert Xorrice and, fetching in the said 
house and orchard, leaving out the house late Thomas Kempton's deceased, and 
from thence by the hedge of East Barnet," passed "to a cottage late Sir Roger 
Wilbraham's, parcel of Ludgraves in Hadley parish, and from thence to the Blue 
house, and from thence to the New Pond head, and from thence by the hedge of 
Hadley unto the house of Dr. Brett, in the tenure of John Eoster, called Capons 
house, d and so by the houses unto the house of Mr. Backhouse, and so to Hadley 
churchyard, and so north and west to the windmill belonging to the lordship of 

a Court of Survey of the Manor and Chace of Enfield, in the county of Middlesex, held at Enfield 
2G March, 1635, 11 Car. I., and adjourned to 15 Nov., 1636, by virtue of a Commission dated 7 March, 
1634. MS. Volume preserved in Hadley parish chest. 

b Probably Buckskin Hall. c Probably West Farm. 

d Probably the house where the late Capt. Samuel Strong resided, which was pulled down after his sale 
of the property to the British Land Company a few years since. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 19 

Enfield, and fetching in the same windmill, and so by the highway to Sommer- 
pool als Sugarwell," &c. This was the period when Charles I., having entered 
upon the perilous experiment of personal rule, had recourse to a variety of expe- 
dients for replenishing his exchequer. Amongst the rest, Commissions of Forests 
were issued, which exacted large sums from the neighbouring landowners for their 
incroachments on Crown lands. a At the same time it was alleged that no perfect 
survey of Enfield Chace was any longer extant. b 

In Nov. 1 652, a resolution was passed that Enfield Chace should be sold for 
ready money. It was supposed to contain 7,900 acres, of which it was proposed 
that 240 should be allotted to the commoners of Hadley. A few years later, in 
July, 1659, the inhabitants of Enfield, Edmonton, South Minims, and Hadley, 
complaining of the inclosure of common, claimed to have enjoyed common rights 
for above 300 years. Col. Webb, who resided at Gannox,' 1 was the Surveyor 
General of the Chace at this period, and Mr. Justinian Pagitt, of Hadley, Justice 
of the Peace, had been, with others, a purchaser of chace lands. 

Among the commissioners named in the later Survey we find "Henry 
Coventry, esq., one of our Privy Counsel, William Bluck/ of Hadley, in our 
county of Middlesex, esq.; John Chapman," of the same, gent, and Laurence 
Stanyan,' 1 of the same, gent." ; whilst of the twenty-four sworn jurors three at 
least, Peter Dry, 1 John Buckingham, j and Thomas Townsend, k were Hadley men. 
At this Survey various changes had to be noted, though the main outline under- 

a Hist, of the English People, iii. 146. 

b A Survey of the Chace had been made by Edmond Twymowe, their surveyor, 8 July, 14 Eliz. MS. 
Volume, Hadley parish chest. 

c Robinson's History of Enfield, i. 179. Ford's History of Enfield, p. 36. 

d See Hist, of South Mimms, p. 23. 

c Court of Survey of the Manor and Chace of Enfield, in the county of Middlesex, held at Enfield 
8 Oct. 1685, 1 Jac. 2, and adjourned to 23 Oct. 1686, by virtue of a Commission from the Duchy Court of 
Lancaster, dated 6 Oct. 1685. MS. Volume in Hadley parish chest. 

f The name of William Blucke, esq., appears in the rate books between 1684 and 1697. He was a justice 
of the peace. Anne, daughter of William Blucke, esq., and Diana his wife, was bapt. 20 June, 1693. 

K Churchwarden in 1677. 

u Churchwarden in 1685. Abraham Stanyan, esq., also called Colonel Stanyan, of London and 
Hadley, was the father of John and Laurence. He survived his second wife Mary, widow of Robert Tayler. 
Her will was proved P.C.C. 10 Feb. 1668-9, by Robert Tayler, her only son. Book Coke 23. 

1 Churchwarden in 1684. i Churchwarden in 1698. A wheelwright. 

k Churchwarden in 1694. Subsequently to September, 1702, after the death of Lady Mary Tumor in 
Jan. 1701-2, he was tenant farmer of the manor-house land. He also farmed lands belonging to the 
Wilford family. 

c2 



20 The Parish of M 'on ken Hadley. 

went no alteration. Beginning, as before, from the house of William Pecke, a esq., 
formerly the house of Mr. Hewitt, and from thence to the house of Robert Norris, 
and fetching in the house and orchard, and leaving out the house now Daniel 
Nicholls', formerly of Thomas Kempton, in right of Elizabeth his wife, the 
boundary ran "from thence by the hedge of East JBarnet to a cottage formerly 
Sir Roger Wilbraham's, parcel of Ludgraves in Hadley parish, now John Walton's, 
and from thence to the Blue house in the tenure of the said John Walton, and 
from thence to the new pond head, and from thence to a new brick house 1 ' of 
Thomas Turpin, and from thence by the hedge of Hadley unto the house of 
William Nicholls, formerly of Dr. Brett, in the tenure of William Waill, called 
Capons house, and so by the houses there unto the house of William Mayo,' 1 for- 
merly of Mr. Backhouse, in the occupation of Richard Saunders, and so to Hadley 
churchyard, and so north and west to the windmill," &c. 

In reply to the 17th article the jury presented in 1686, as they had done in 
1636, that "there commoneth in Enfield Chace, over and besides the King's 
Majesty's tenants and inhabitants of Enfield, at this day, the parishes and lord- 
ships of South Mimms, Hadley, and Edmonton, the which have there commoned 
and so still do, but by what right we do not justly know, but refer them and their 
pretended right of common to be examined by and in the Duchy Court or other- 
wise, as his Majesty pleaseth to direct and appoint." 

We learn from the earlier survey that, previously to 1636, there had been two 
windmills within the manor of Enfield, — one in the tenure of Thomas Coningsby, 

a William Pecke, esq., was the son and heir of Edward Pecke, of the Inner Temple, serjeant at-law, a 
gentleman of Norfolk descent, by Grace, daughter and co-heiress of William Greene, of Belmont, or Mount 
Pleasant, East Barnet. He m. Gertrude, only child of Sir William Greene, of Mitcham, bart., and was 
afterwards of Little Sampford, Essex, where he was buried, having d. 27 June, 1G94. Westminster Abbey 
Registers, by J. L. Chester, p. 42; Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 181, 359; iii. 527, 529; East Barnet Par. Reg. 

b Vide supra, p. 8. 

c William Wale was churchwarden in 1686. His name appears in the Rate Book in 1678, and after 
1689 his assessment was at a rental of £80, the largest in the parish. He was bur. at Hadley 6 March, 
1695-6, and administration granted to Alice, his widow, on the following 16 June. She seems to have 
held the same lands afterwards, and was bur. 18 July, 1722. 

d Clement Mayo, of Chancery-lane, gent, by his will, proved P.C.C. 16 March, 1686-7 (Book 
Foot 40), devised to his friend Robert Fish and his heirs this and other property that had belonged to 
his grandfather James Mayo, an attorney and Clerk of the Warrants, who d. at his house in Chancery 
Lane 12 Feb. 1673-4, aged about 84. (Obituary of Richard Smyth. Camden Soc. Pub.) Mr. Clement 
Mayo, who matriculated at Magd. Hall, Oxford, 30 March, 1667, aged 15, was buried at Hadley 2 Aug. 
1686. His father Nathaniel, of Hadley, gent, was there buried 5 July, 1678, and administration granted 
on the 16th to Elizabeth his widow. Hadley Par. Reg. Oxford Matriculation Reg. 



The Parish of Monken Hadleij. 21 

esq., a or his tenant, and then in good repair, 1 ' — the other at Beacon's hiil, which 
one Hudson had in farm at an annual rent of 20s., hut which had heen already 
pulled down and carried away hy Michael Grigge, c of Hadley, esq. The former 
of these was without doubt that which gave its name to Mill Corner, at the 
junction of Enfield and Hadley parishes, and in all likelihood represented a very 
ancient windmill, which, about the year 1288, formed the subject of a lawsuit 
brought by the Abbot and Convent of Walden against Isabella de Frowyk, d widow 
of Henry de Erowyk, alderman of London. It seems to have been known in 1636 
as Hadley windmill, and in 1686 was in the tenure of William Clarke and in good 
repair. According to the rate book of that date a question arose in 1687 as to the 
liability of the said William Clarke to pay rates to Hadley on the score of the mill. 
Evidence was adduced, in support of this, that Clarke himself and his predecessors, 
Crane and Heed, had previously paid their proportion of such rates, and that the 
mill and mill-house were reputed and taken to be within the bounds of the parish 
of Monken Hadley in the yearly processions. From subsequent notioes it may 
be concluded that the litigation took the form of a suit brought by the miller, who 
caused Michael Salte, the overseer, to be arrested, and must have been a formi- 
dable personage. The case went before the sessions at Enfield, and the overseer's 
accounts for the year 1687 shew the expenses of this and of the other incidents 
of the contest. The result is not expressly recorded, but during the following 
years we find the name of William Clarke f still assessed to the poor's rate, and at 
an even higher rental than before. The survey of 1636, however, clearly indicates 
that the windmill was included within the Chace, and in the perambulation of 
Hadley parish, which took place in 1772, the line was distinctly drawn through a 
point facing "the late mill-yard."" 

a Index to Leases, Hen. VIII. to Geo. II. Duchy of Lancaster, Class 33, No. 3(J : — 
Ann' 31 ( Molend. ventritic' sup', mont. infra Chaceam de Endefeild 1 Freruan 
Eedd. 20 s ) iuxta nionke hadley Churche, cu' p'cell. terr. eid'm p'tin. ( Yonge. 
Ann' 21 \ Molend ventritic' infra Chaceam de Endefeild cu' pec. terr. j Tho. 
Redd. 20 s ( eid'm p'tin. {Dereman. 

b Thomas Coningsby, esq., succ. his brother Sir Francis at North Minims, in 1G29. ClutterbucFs 
Herts, i. 443; Hist, of South Mimms, 117. 

c Lord of the Manor of Hadley. This mill, inter alia, had been granted by letters patent, 29 May, 
7 Jac. to Edward Ferrers of London, mercer, and Francis Fhelips of London, gent, and on 17 May, 
13 Car. a like grant of the same was made to the said Edward Ferrers and William Trigg, gent. Index 
to Grants in fee, Duchy of Lancaster, at Record Office. a Hist of South Mimms, 17. 

e From this it may be concluded that the parish boundaries were " walked," annually, at this period. 
J In 1696 William Clarke was churchwarden. s Record of the perambulation in Hadley parish chest. 



22 The Parish of Mbnken Hadley. 

Of the locality styled Beacon's hill we possess no more precise information 
than the certainty of its being in the near neighbourhood of Hadley church. It 
might be conjectured to have occupied the site of the residence now called The 
Mount. This house, with its gardens and a contiguous meadow, constitutes what 
may be termed an enclave? still belonging to Enfield, though surrounded on all 
sides by Hadley since the allotment of chace made in 1777. On 23 Nov., 26 Eliz., 
a lease for thirty-one years, at a reserved rent of 20 shillings, was granted, under 
the seal of the Duchy Court of Lancaster, to one Freeman Yonge, 1 ' of a windmill 
" infra p'd chaceam de Endfeld iux a Monkes Churche vulgariter Monkehadley 
Churche al's myll hill al's Beacon hill, cu' p'cell terr. eid'mp'tin." There is a con- 
dition annexed that he shall rebuild and maintain the same ; but the document 
preserved at the Record Office has been so much injured, apparently by fire, c that 
a portion of every line is wanting. On 17 March, 27 Eliz., the lease was assigned 
by Ereeman Yonge to John Scarlett, upon a condition for payment of £52 10s., 
which was forfeited, and the money never paid. Two years later, 5 July, 29 Eliz., 
there was a further assignment, with the full consent of Ereeman Yonge^ by John 
Scarlett to James Huishe, upon condition for repayment of £45. John Scarlett 
likewise gave a receipt for £21 13s. 4c/. more for the full bargain, and entered into 
an obligation of £100 with James Huishe to discharge the latter from all liabili- 
ties. One Hudson, as we have seen, held the site in farm in 1636, and in 1686 it 
was found to be in the occupation of Thomas Turpin, Mr. Secretary Coventry's 
servant, and that there is or ought to be paid to his Majesty for the same 20s. 
per ann. 

Mr. James Huishe, or Huyshe, citizen and grocer of London, was connected 
with the neighbourhood through his second marriage with Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Moffett, of Barnet, and his name appears in the earlier minute book of 
the Grammar School there as concerned, together with his brother-in-law, William 
Linacres, in certain pecuniary transactions relating to that foundation. There is 
still in the possession of his descendant, the Rev. John Huyshe, present repre- 
sentative of the family , d a book containing an inventory of his property in 1587. 

a Enclave (Fr.) An estate that lies in the middle of another. It was for many years the residence 
of Joseph Henry Green, esq. F.R.S., D.C.L., and in 1864 was purchased of the Dewes family by Mrs. 
Ann Eliza Green, his widow, who died there 17 Sept. 1879, aged 87. 

b From Harl. MS. 366, f. 74, we learn that Freeman Yonge held lands, &c, in Finchley parish, circ. 
1584, of the value of xviij u . 

c Grants 15 to 26 Eliz., vol. vi. ; South Auditor's Books of Leases. 

(1 Huyshe, of Sand and Clisthydon, co. Devon. See Burkes Landed Gentry. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 23 

In the schedule is comprised the original indenture of lease under the duchy seal, 
together with the successive assignments. He had evidently imbibed in a very 
strong degree the Puritanical bias of the latter years of the sixteenth century and 
his will a exhibits tokens of a violent antipathy towards the Church of Rome. 
Any future collateral heir of his lineage and blood is to be excluded from the 
succession, as if he were dead without issue, except he be " a professor of the 
Gospell accordinge to the profession of Englande or Geneva." It is perhaps cha- 
racteristic of him, accordingly, that the book in question should be bound up in a 
fragment of a missal of the fifteenth cent. 

When the earlier survey was made, the piece of water within the present 
inclosure of Beech-hill-park b was called the New Pond, where was a water-mill, 
of which one John Withering, esq./ had a grant from the King at an annual 
rent d of 25s. In 1686 this mill had "long since been pulled down," and the 
New Pond converted into three ponds, as they remain to this day, by Mr. Secretary 
Coventry, then Hanger. Two other ponds, both newly made, are likewise specified 
in this part of the Chace, — the one called Bournewell Pond, and the other, near 
Thomas Turpin's, formerly a gravel pit. This description points to the upper part 
of Hadley Common, defined as Bournewell hill in 1658, e and may refer to the 
small pond at the edge of the road leading from the church to the chace gate, 
and to that now included within Mrs. Wilde's property. 

We have an intimation, alluded to above, that the parochial authorities were 
in the habit of walking round the parish annually in procession. In the Vestry 
chest are preserved records of such perambulations, headed by the rector, 
churchwardens, overseers, and others, on the 3 August, 1772, prior to the Chace 
addition, and on 14 May, 1817, but it is likely that the ancient yearly custom 
had been for a long time discontinued. On Sunday, 14 June, 1772, it was 
agreed and ordered in vestry/ that the parishioners do go a Possessioning on the 

8 He died in 1590, and bis monumental inscription is preserved in Stow. The will was proved P.C.C. 
27 Oct. 1590. Book Drury 69. 

b Imparked by Francis Russell, esq., of Red Lion Square, and, in the first instance, named Russell- 
park. Mr. Russell, who d. in 1795, was Surveyor of the Woods for the south parts of the duchy of Lan- 
caster. The measure of inclosing Enfield Chace was suggested, and the bill drawn by him. Lysons, iv. 625. 

c A John Withering, of a family derived from Overton, in Staffordshire, was Gentleman Sewer to 
King James I., and probably the person here alluded to. His son William Withering was of Nelmes, in 
Essex. Harl. MSS. 1432, f. 156 b . Visitation of Essex, 1634; 6128, f. 101. 

a Grants 15 to 26 Eliz. vol. vi. pt. 4, f. 71. South Auditor's Books of Leases. 

Gunton and Rolfe's map. 

s Hadley Vestry Minute Book. 



24 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

first Monday in August next ensuing the date hereof, and that notice in the 
church be given of the same, the three preceding Sundays before. John Burrows, 
minister, William North, churchwarden, and others sign the resolution. The 
stitched document containing the account of this perambulation is entitled, 
" The mode for possessioning, or The Boundaries of the Parish of Monken Hadley 
in the County of Middlesex," and is written out in elaborate penmanship, with 
an enumeration of the crosses marked at the different limits, by Anthony Gray, 
Vestry clerk and schoolmaster at Barnet. In recent years the boundaries have 
been taken on Priday, 20 May, 1861, and on Friday, 13 June, 1H79. The late 
careful Ordnance survey has in a great measure superseded any necessity for such 
ceremonies, but their observance from time to time mav, notwithstanding, be 
desirable, viewed in the light of an old English custom and in the interests of 
parochial good fellowship. 

The Bight Hon. Henry Coventry, already mentioned, was a younger son of 
Thomas, a first lord Coventry, Lord Keeper. His sister, Dorothy, wife of Sir 
John Pakington, of Westwood, bart., was the reputed authoress of " The whole 
Duty of Man." Originally a member of Queen's College, Oxford, he afterwards 
became a fellow of All Souls and, before the rebellion, had been chancellor of 
Llandaff. Having been a sufferer in the royal cause, the Restoration found him 
one of the grooms of the bedchamber to Charles II. In 1664, and again in 
September 1671, he was sent on embassies to Sweden, and on 3 July, 1672, was 
sworn Principal Secretary of State, an office which he held until 1680. On 
26 April of that year he delivered up the seals and, in shattered health, re- 
tired to the "West Bailey Lodge in Enfield Chace, which continued to be his 
country residence during the remainder of his life. Evelyn visited him there 
on 2 June, 1676, and has left a record of his impressions in his diary. d 
" 2nd June. I went with my Lord Chamberlaine to see a garden at Enfield 
toune; thence to Mr. Secretary Coventry's lodge in the Chace. It is a very 
pretty place, the house commodious, the gardens handsome, and our entertainment 
very free, there being none but my Lord and myself e. That which I most wondered 
at was that in the compass of 25 miles, yet within 14 of London, there is 

a Thomas Coventry was appointed Lord Keeper, 1. Nov. 1G25 and created baron Coventry 10 April 
1628. He died 14 Jan. 1639-40. 

b In a letter from William Longuerille to lord Hatton, dated 27 Sep. 1682, the former writes " Mr. H. 
Coventry not like to live." Hatton Correspondence. Camden Soc. Pub. 1878. 

c Now West Lodge, the residence of J. W. Cater, esq. J. P. and previously of Archibald Paris, esq. 

d This was probably the source from which lord Macaulay drew his statement. Vide supra, p. 6. 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 25 

not a house, barne, church, or building, besides 3 lodgings. To this lodge 
are 3 greate ponds and some few inclosures, the rest a solitarie desert, yet 
stor'd with not lesse than 3000 deere. These are pretty retreats for gent", 
especialy for those who are studious and lovers of privacy." Mr. Coventry died 
at his house in the Haymarket, 5 December, 1686, aged about 68. In his will, 
dated on the previous 16 September," he is described as of the parish of St. 
Martin's in the fields. His interest in the rangership b and in West Lodge, is 
therein bequeathed to his nephew, Henry Savile, c esq., vice-chamberlain to King 
James II. To his sister, the lady Thynne, d he leaves " the picture of the King of 
Sweden sett with dyamonds." To Mrs. Cotterell, 6 Mrs. Fountaine 1 of Bell-barre, 
Mrs. Stanion 8 of Hadley, and Mrs. Taylor, he gives to each of them " a peece of 
my old gold of equall value," and to Mr. Taylor, " Minister of Hadley my Poole's 

a Proved P.C.C. 29 Dec. 1686. Book Lloyd 160. 

b In the Survey of 1686 it was found that "The Right Hon. Henry Coventry, esq. is now Master of 
the Game, Chief Ranger, "Woodward and Bailiff." He held a patent of the office of Keeper of the West 
Bailey walk, dated 22 Aug. 1673. Duchy of Lancaster, Index to Patents, Class 33. No. 29. f. 64. 

c A bad product of a bad age. Younger son of Sir William Savile, bart. of Thornhill co. York, 
(d. 24 Jan. 1643) by Anne, eldest dau. of Thomas, lord Coventry, and brother of Sir George Savile, 
bart., author and statesman, cr. successively by Charles II. viscount, earl, and marquis of Halifax. Harry 
Savile, as he was usually called, was M.P. for Newark, and d. s. p. Macaulay tells an anecdote of him 
(Hist, of England, iv. 558) and certain of his debordements are mentioned in the recently published Hatton 
Correspondence. Cf. Biog. Univ. art. Sir George Savile. 

A Mary, second daughter of lord Coventry, married Henry Frederick Thynne, esq., of Kempsford, 
created a baronet 15 June, 1641. Their eldest son, Sir Thomas, second baronet, inherited Longleat, 
when his cousin, Thomas Thynne, esq , " Tom of Ten Thousand," was assassinated in his coach in Pall 
Mall, near the present Waterloo Place, on the night of Sunday, 12 February, 1682. He was raised to the 
peerage the same year as baron Thynne and viscount Weymouth. 

e Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Nicholas Burwell, esq., of Gray's Inn, the first wife of Charles 
Lodowick Cottrell, esq., who in this year succeeded his father in the office of Master of the Ceremonies, 
and was afterwards knighted. He was rated to the parish of Hadley between 1684 and 1699. 

f Sarah, dau. of Anne, widow of Sir William Savile (supr. note c ) by her remarriage with Sir Thomas 
Chichele, knt. of Wimpole co. Cambridge, Master of the Ordnance and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster from 34 Charles II. to 1 Will, and M. She was the second wife of Andrew Fountaine, of Sail co. 
Norfolk and of the Inner Temple, esq., who purchased the manor of Brookmans 18 Charles II., and in 
1682 built the present mansion, which in 1701 he sold to John lord Somers. Their eldest son, Sir 
Andrew Fountaine, knt. was a distinguished antiquary and in 1727, at the death of Sir Isaac Newton, 
succeeded to the office of warden of the Mint. Stemmata Chicheleana, No. 21. Chauncy's Herts. 530. 
Clutterbuck's Herts, i. 454, North Mimms. Burke's Landed Gentry. Fountaine of Narford Hall, co. Norf. 

s Dorothy, the wife of Laurence Stanyan, esq. They were both living 27 November, 1706, when 
administration was granted to her of the effects of their son Robert, late of Kingston, Jamaica, bachelor, her 

D 



26 The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 

Sinopsis a and Grotius his workes or soe many of them as shall be found amongst 
my books, and alsoe my large Tankard which is guilded within." To the poor of 
the parish of Hadley he bequeaths £100, and to the poor of Enfield £10. To his 
godson Henry b Baron als Barnes, son of his servant George Baron als Barnes, he 
gives £100 to be put out at interest till he is twenty-one. It would be almost 
impossible to conceive of the spirit of adulation as carried to greater lengths than 
by the Baron family. Among other entries contained in the Hadley Register we 
find the baptisms of their two sons Henry (1676) and Coventry (1679) and of their 
daughters, Secretary (1681) and Ranger (1684). Mr. Coventry was mindful, when 
he made his will, of those who had served him. " To Ralph Spooner, my groome, I 
give either my gray horse (Legge) or my bay mare at his election. To Thomas 
Hughes my huntsman I give my packe of hounds and one of the horses which 
he used to ride to be at his election which of the two he will have. To Thomas 
Watson my groom I give my black trotting guelding." 

At a Vestry Meeting held at Hadley, 16 May, 1680,° it was conceded that 
the Right Hon. Henry Coventry might at his pleasure build for himself a gallery 
on the north side of the church over against the pulpit. Though his residence 
was in Enfield parish, it is manifest that he identified himself in all things with 

husband being absent in Ireland. Another son, Temple Stanyan, esq. (baptized at Hadley, 24 March 
1674-5) was the author, in 1714, of a little book, of which there is a French translation, published at 
Amsterdam in the same year, at the British Museum { a Vetat de la Suisse, ecrit en 1714). His acquaintance 
with the country, he says in the preface, is founded upon an experience of more than eight years. He was 
also the author of The Grecian History, in two vols, dedicated to John, lord Somers (the Lord Chancellor, 
who died in 1717), of which an edition was published by J. & R. Tonson in the Strand, in 1766. 
According to Lysons (iv. 441) he drew up the Latin inscription on the pedestal of George II.'s statue at 
Greenwich Hospital. 

a Synopsis criticorum aliorumque S. Scripturce interpretum opera Matthcei Pole Londinensis. a.d. mdclxix ; 
in five volumes folio, dedicated to King Charles II. Matthew Poole, M. A. of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 
was born at York in 1624. For fourteen yeai's he held the rectory of St. Michael le Querne in the City, 
from which he was ejected by the Bartholomew Act. Finding himself threatened in the depositions of Titus 
Oates he retired to Holland, and died at Amsterdam in October 1679, aged 56, with a suspicion that he was 
poisoned. The composition of the Synopsis occupied ten years of indefatigable study. The Nonconformist's 
Memorial, by Edmund Calamy D. D., three volumes, 1802. i. 167. Newcourt (Rep. i. 284, 490) is unable 
to give any account of St. Michael's Quern, because its register books were destroyed in the Great Fire. 

b Henry, son of George and Mary Baron, was baptized 13 August, 1676. Hadley Par. Reg. The 
will of George Baron, al's Barnes, of Enfield, late of Hadley, gent., was proved P.C.C. 17 October, 1692, 
by Mary, the relict, Christopher Bourne, the nephew, renouncing. He owned two copyhold messuages in 
Chipping Barnet, called by the signs of the Unicorn and the Yew Tree. 

c Hadley Vestry Minute Book. 






The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 27 

Hadley, whose church was the nearest. At a later Vestry, held 11 April, 1687, a 
"it was agreed that Mr. Tayler, William Wale and Daniel Hudson, church- 
wardens, and George Baron, overseer for the poor, shall go to London upon the 
parish charge to receive the legacy of the late H. H ble Henry Coventry esq. one 
hundred pounds to the poor of Hadley, to put the said hundred pounds into the 
hands of Mr. Heneage Price, Gouldsmith in the Strand, b nigh Temple-barr, to ly 
there till it be called for by y e Parish." 

The choice of Mr. Heneage Price was perhaps due to a connection with the 
neighbourhood. His father, John Price, esq. of East Barnet, whose will shews 
that he was possessed of landed property in Wales, had married Mary one of the 
daughters and coheiresses of William Greene of Mount Pleasant, by whom he 
had a numerous family. Heneage, their third son, was baptized at East Barnet 
17 Sep. 1659. 

Prom the Survey of 1636 we learn that a piece of ground, parcel of Enfield 
Chace, was granted to Prancis Atkinson/ gent, for a bowling alley, at a reserved 
annual rent of 6d. Mr. Atkinson, a native of Kirkby Malzard in Yorkshire, as 
stated in his will, must have succeeded the Wilbrahams at Ludgrove. He kept 
a school for young gentlemen, as we are told in " The English Parnassus, or a 
helpe to English Poesie," by Josua Poole, M. A. of Clare Hall Cambridge, who had 
married his daughter,' and who dedicated the book, which was published post- 
humously" in 1657, to his father in law. In the Epistle Dedicatory it is styled 
an " account of many a years Stewardship, the product of many a midnight 
thought, during my relation to you and those young Gentlemen committed by 
you to my charge and oversight ; in a word, it had the first and last hand put to 
it, that is, ows both its originall and perfection to your house at HADLEY." A 
long metrical JProeme, commencing with these lines, 

a Hadley Vestry Minute Book. 

b The lease of a house on the south side of the Strand, without Temple Bar, in the parish of St. 
Clement Danes, was granted in 1681 to Heneage Price, goldsmith. 

c Dated 3 July 1688, and proved on the 19 of the same by Mary Price his widow. P.C.C. Book 
Exton 98. 

d 20 April 1620, Thomas, son of Mr. Francis Atkinson and Elizabeth his wife, was bapt. Hadley 
Par. Reg. 

e 4 July 1644, "a youth from the blew house" was buried. lb. 16 Sep. 1663, Mr. Taylour, "usher 
att the blew house," was buried. lb. 

f 19 Jan. 1642-3, Mr. Josua Poole and Mrs. Mary Atkinson were married. lb. 

K Printed for Tho. Johnson, at the golden Key in St. Paul's Churchyard. 1657. 

D 2 



28 The Parish of llonken Hadley. 

" Sweet impes a of early hopes whose smiling brow 
Beckens the cincture of the laureate bough, 
"Whose lips seem made, to tast no other spring, 
Than that by which the Thespian virgins sing ;" 

is addressed " To the hopeful young Gentlemen, his Schollers in that private 
School, at FLadley, kept in the house of Mr. Francis Atkinson" A preface 
bearing the signature J. D. records how Mr. Poole " had sometime the charge 
and management of a private School at Hadley near Bamet in the County of 
Middlesex, kept in the house of a worthy Gentleman, one Mr. Francis Atkinson 
who out of a design truly generous, and publick, endevouring to prevent the 
inconveniences of irregulated youth, set up a School or Academy, for the educa- 
tion of a select number of Gentlemens sons of good quality. There, it seems, as 
he confesseth, in his Epistle to the said Mr. Atkinson, he writ this elaborate piece. 
But this is not his first appearance in the world ; for in the year 1655 came forth 
a book of his called the ENGLISH ACCIDENCE, very usefull for such as it was 
intended for, as teaching a way to make him that can but indifferently read 
English, to turn any sentence into pure and elegant Latine" h 

a I)iip, a word of Welsh origin, signified a shoot or scion, and hence came to be used for a boy or child. 
Lord Cromwell, in his last letter to Henry VIII. prays for the imp his son. Pistol salutes Henry V. by the 
same title. " The heavens thee guard and keej), most royal imp of fame !" Skakspere, 2 Hen. IV. act v. 
sc. 5. Cf. Love's Labour Lost, act i. sc. 2. u Why, sadness is one and the self same thing, dear imp." 
Spenser's Faerie Queene; u And thou, most dreadful imp of highest Jove, Fair Venus' son." It is now 
employed exclusively in a bad sense, as in The Paradise Lost. In " The Delectable Historie of Celestina 
the Faire, Daughter to the King of Thessalie, done out of French into English by W. B. 1596," we 
find — " the gentleman had three sonnes, very ungracious impes, and of a wicked nature." 

b The 

English Accidence, 
or 
a short and easy way for the more 
speedy attaining to the 
LATINE TONGUE, 
so framed that young children may bee 
exercized therein as soon as they can but indiffe- 
rently read English, and thereby enabled to turn 
any Sentence into pure and elegant Latine 
By Joshua Poole. 
Published by Authority 
and 
commended as generally necessary 



The Parish of Moriken Hadley. 29 

It would be interesting to know whether any, or what, rivalry existed at this 
date between so very select an establishment and the neighbouring Barnet 
Grammar School. In the latter it was made a sine qua non that the scholars in 
the higher forms should speak no other language in school than Latin, under 
pain of the ferula, whereas Mr. Atkinson's pupils had, as we see, the advantage 
of a system, out of which a very superficial acquaintance with the mother tongue 
was no drawback to the acquisition of a most refined Latinity. 

The will of Mr. Francis Atkinson was dated 19 Oct. 1663, a at which time he 
is described as of Ludgrove in the County of Middlesex, gent, and he requests 
that, wheresoever he die, he may be interred in the church of Hadley, near to 
the place where his late dear wife lieth buried. 1 ' After legacies to a number of 
relatives, he constitutes his grandchild Mary Poole, a minor, his sole executrix 
and residuary legatee, appointing as her guardians his friends Richard Baldwyn,' 1 
of East Barnet gent, and Mr. Ralph Gale, 6 citizen and haberdasher of London, 
" dwellinge neare unto Ludgate in the corner house of the Old Bayly." From 
expressions used in the will it may be conjectured that his brother-in-law Mr. 
Gregory Lovell/ the husband of his sister Damaris, had already succeeded him in 
the occupancy of Ludgrove. In a memorandum of furniture, &c. bequeathed to 
Mary Poole, and now in the custody of Gregory Lovell, he says " all which goods 
I left standing and beinge in the Roome wherein I usually lodged att my 
brother Lovell's house in Hadley when I dwelt there." To his grandchild Anne 
Atkinson he likewise bequeaths certain other furniture &c. " left and still standing 
and being in a Ground Chamber called the little Parlour adjoyning to the Roorne 

to be made use of in all Schooles of 

this Commonwealth. 

London. Printed by F. Leach, for Richard Lowndes and 

are to be sold at the White-Lyon in S*. Paul's 

Churchyard, 1655. 

8 Proved P.C.C. 20 Jan. 1665-G. Book Mico, 1. He was buried in the church of Hadley 15 July 

1GG5. 

b Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Francis Atkinson, was bur. 10 Dec. 1657. 

c Mary, daughter of Joshua and Mary Poole, born 13 July and bapt. 15 July 1645. Hadley Par. 
Reg. George Gaell and Mary Poole were married at East Barnet 24 May 1670. East Barnet Par. Reg. 
a Richard Baldwin, esq. d. 12 July 1677, aged 66, and was bur. at East Barnet, where there was an 
inscription to his memory. Chauncy's Herts, fo. ed. 499 a . 

e Will proved P.C.C. 3 Feb. 1670-1, by Abraham Campion, who had married Sarah his only child. 
f The Christian name of Gregory points to a descent from the great Norfolk house of Lovell of Barton 
Bendish and East Harling. 



30 The Parish of MonJeen Hadley. 

called the Hall of the aforesaid house of my said brother Lovell. Also a 
great chest being in the Roonie called the Passage Chamber in my s d brother 
Lovell's house in which is all the weareing Clothes of mee and of my late 
deare Wife and of my grandchild Anne Atkinson's Mother." To the poor of 
Hadley he gives £5, to be distributed at the discretion of the Minister and 
Churchwardens. 

The name of Lovell appears in the Hadley registers or rate books as late as 
April 1668, in which year Gregory Lovell was assessed to the repairs of the 
church. It is probable, notwithstanding, that he did not occupy Ludgrove 
during the whole of this period. There are traces of his having resided at one 
time in a house not far from the church, where he was succeeded by the 
Stanyans." We afterwards find the family at East Barnet, the registers of which 
parish contain entries relating to them down to 1695, on the 25 of April in 
which year Damaris Lovell was buried. 

The later " messuage or mansion house," in which Gregory Lovell resided 
at Hadley, and which may have been the house now called The Priory, had 
been at one time in the occupation of Rowland Backhouse, esq. of London, 
afterwards of Oliver Reeve, esq. of London, and then of Robert Savery, 
who preceded the Lovells. b It apparently belonged to the Backhouse family 
and continued to be their property for many years subsequently. The name 
of Mr. Backhouse has already occurred in mentioning the earlier survey of 
Enfield Chace. He was an alderman of London, " free of the Companie of 
Mercers," as he states in his will, and the son of Nicholas Backhouse,' 1 also an 
alderman, who had been sheriff in 1577, e an office which he himself served in 
1628.' In 1619 we find him one of the 29 Adventurers" of the New River 
Company, incorporated in that year by charter of King James I. Hugh 
Middleton was Governor, Rowland Backhouse the Treasurer, and among the 
remaining names are those of Samuel Backhouse, esq., his elder brother, and 
John, afterwards knighted, son and heir of Samuel. 

Mr. Rowland Backhouse died in 1648, aged 89. His will bears date 12 

8 Col. Abraham Stanyan is first mentioned early in 1G72. 

b Title Deeds of the Manor of Hadley. 

c Supra, p. 18. 

11 The family were originally of Whitrigg, near the Solway Frith in Cumberland. 

e B. B. Orridge. 

i lb. 

s Chauncy's Herts, fo. ed. 5 b . Clutterbuck's Herts. Great Amivell, ii. 7, note 1. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 31 

Nov. 1647. a A desire is therein expressed that his widow may " in her life- 
time soe order and dispose of the two cheynes of gold which shee hath and 
nscth and which in the time of my Shrcevalty I gave unto her, the one 
whereof T hought of my brother in lawe Sir Maurice Abbott b weighing 
twentie nyne ounces and a pennyweighte and the other which I bought of 
Mr. Wakefeild Goldsmith sett with a diamond, that the greater of them maie 
after my wife's decease be and remaine to my daughter Julyan and the other to 
my daughter Doddinge." He had married Elizabeth daughter and coheir of 
Bartholomew c Barnes of London, and had by this alliance acquired the manor of 
Widford in Hertfordshire. This estate had been already settled, at his marriage, 
upon his younger son Nicholas, whose son Sir William, created a baronet 9 Nov. 
1660, sold it in 1668 to the Hamond family, its present possessors. 11 Upon his 
unmarried daughter Julyan, whom from this will and that of her brother Nicholas 
we may conclude to have been held in especial favour, and her heirs, he 
had, he remarks, " latelie settled conveyed and assured all my share part 
purparte 6 title and interest of in and to the "Waterworke or New Cutte f and 
Hyver lately made or having Currant unto and towards the north parte of the 
Cittie of London." 

The will of Nicholas Backhouse, a merchant of London, son of Rowland, was 
proved P.C.C. 12 March 1650-1.* By his wife Christian, daughter of John 
Williams, he left the above mentioned William and a daughter Elizabeth,* 1 and 
made a very strict settlement of his landed property. Sir William married 

a Proved P.C.C. 12 Aug. 1648 by Nicholas the son. 

b Sir Maurice Abbott, a younger brother of George Abbott, archbishop of Canterbury, and of Robert 
Abbott, bishop of Salisbury, had married, secondly, Margaret daughter of Bartholomew Barnes. Harl. 
MS. 1430, f. 141. Visitation of Surrey 1623. He was sheriff in 1627. B. B. Orridge. 

c Bartholomew Barnes, citizen of London, presented to the rectory of Widford 22 Oct. 1599. Clutter- 
buck iii. 324. 

a Clutterbuck iii. 323. Chauncy says (fo. ed. 201 a .) that he sold it to Thomas Byrd, who was still 
the owner in 1700. Thomas Bird, esq. was of Mardocks in the parish of Ware. Newcourt's Rep. i. 908. 
Clutterbuck iii. 306. 

Purparty (purpars). That part or share of an estate which after having been held in common by 
coparceners is by partition allotted to any of them. Holthouse's Law Diet. 

f Cut, a canal. Halliivell. The term had been applied to the ditch by which Sesostris purposed to 
unite the Red Sea with the Mediterranean. Johnson's Diet. 

e Book Grey 45. 

h William, bapt. at St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, 16 Feb. 1641-2, and Elizabeth, bapt. at the same, 
18 May 1644. 



32 The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 

Flower, 6 the heiress of his cousin William b Backhouse, esq. of Swallowfield co. 
Berks, and widow of William Bishop of South Warnhorough in Hampshire. 
Dying without issue in 1669, when the baronetcy expired, his sister Elizabeth, 
the wife of Ezekias King of London esq. succeeded him under the entail. On 
4 Jan. 1692-3 William King of Ch. Ch. Oxford, doctor of laws, son and heir of 
Elizabeth King, widow, executed a mortgage, which included the Hadley 
property. He was born in London in 1663, and matriculated, as a Westminster 
student, at Ch. Ch. 16 Dec. 1681, aged 18, was B.A. 8 Dec. 1685, M.A. 6 July 
1688, and D.C.L. 7 July 1692. In 1694, having attracted the notice of Prince 
George of Denmark, he was appointed secretary to the Princess Anne, after- 
wards Queen. Dr. King was a well-known and versatile writer, and in 1711 Swift, 
who was his constant friend, procured for him the editorship of the Gazetteer. 
There is an Article upon him in the Biographie TJniverselle, in which it is 
recorded that " retenu par son indolence, il se montra rarement au barreau, 
quoique par ses talents et par son alliance avec les families de Clarendon e et de 
Rochester/ 1 il eut pu obtenir un avancement rapide. II se faisait remarquer par 
un esprit original et mordant ; plusieurs de ses ecrits sont des modeles a citer en 
ce genre." His moral character did not stand high, though the same article 
allows that he was a diligent student of the Bible, and that, in his more question- 
able writings, " il a toujours su respecter la morale et la vertu." Dr. Johnson 
says of him that " though his life had not been without irregularity, his 

a This lady married, thirdly, Henry Hyde, second earl of Clarendon, who was for a short time Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland during the reign of his hrother-in-law James II. Evelyn, on the 22 Oct. 1685, 
accompanied lady Clarendon to her house at Swallowfield, when she went thither to set things in order 
preparatory to her departure for Ireland. He speaks enthusiastically of the " gardens and waters" there, 
and pays a warm tribute to his entertainment " by that most religious and vertuous lady." They returned 
to London on the 2G, and the next day he met the Lord Lieutenant at the house of Sir Stephen Fox, for 
the trial of a master cook, whom Sir Stephen had recommended to go with his lordship into Ireland. 
Evelyn Memoirs i. 577, 578. Harl. MS. 1483 f. 66 b . Burke's Extinct Peerage. Lord Clarendon set 
out for Dublin in Dec. 1685, and received his dismissal in January 1687, when Tyrconnel was made 
Lord Deputy. Macaulay Hist, of England, 12 th ed. 137-159. 

b Fourth son, but eventual representative, of Samuel Backhouse of Swallowfield, the elder brother of 
Rowland. 

c Mrs. King's name appears as a proprietor at Hadley 20 Sep. 1689, William Tate, esq. being her 
tenant. Hadley Rate Book. 

d See note a , supra. 

e Laurence Hyde, 2 nd son of the 1 st earl of Clarendon, was cr. earl of Rochester 29 Nov. 1682, and d. 
in 1711. Henry, his son and successor, became 4 th and last earl of Clarendon 31 March 1723, at the 
deease of his kinsman the 3 rd earl. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 33 

principles were pure and orthodox, and his death was pious." A poem of his on 
the Art of Cookery, " humbly inscribed to the Hon. Beef-Steak Club," was first 
printed in 1708. In letters on the subject he draws as unfavourable a contrast 
between the relative progress of England and Prance in this direction, as might 
be expected from the most enthusiastic promoter of a School of Cookery at the 
present day. Qaot Galli, totidem Coqui. " AVhat hopes " — he writes — " can 
there be of any progress in learning whilst our gentlemen suffer their sons at 
Westminster, Eton, and Winchester, to eat nothing but salt with their mutton, 
and vinegar with their roast beef, upon holydays ? What extensiveness can 
there be in their souls, especially when, upon their going thence to the univer- 
sity, their knowledge in culinary matters is seldom enlarged, and their diet 
continues very much the same, and as to sauces they are in profound ignorance ? " 
Having dissipated his patrimony, he died in very reduced circumstances on 
Christmas Day 1712, and was buried two days afterwards, 27 Dec. in the north 
cloister of Westminster Abbey. Erom the previous Midsummer he had resided 
on the Surrey side of the Thames, and it was only on the day preceding his death 
that his connection, lord Clarendon, a with whom it is stated that he lived in 
constant intercourse, had sent his sister to fetch him in a chair to a lodging 
which he had provided for him in the Strand, opposite Somerset House. His 
will, dated the same day (24 Dec.) was proved on 21 Jan. following, by his sister 
Elizabeth King, sole legatee and executrix. Some verses written in pencil, and 
found in his pocket at his death, may be almost taken as a delineation of his 
character. 

I sing the various Chances of the World, 
Thro' which Men are by Fate or Fortune hurl'd. 
"Tis by no Scheme or Method that I go, 
But paint in Verse my Notions as they flow ; 
With Heat the wanton Images pursue, 
Fond of the Old, yet still creating New ; 
Fancy myself in some secure Retreat, 
Resolve to be Content, and so be Great. 

a Edward Hyde, 3 rd earl of Clarendon, married, when viscount Cornbury, at Totteridge Herts, 10 July 
1688, Catharine O'Brien, dau. of Henry lord Ibrackan, eldest son of Henry 7 th earl of Thomond, who, 
at the decease of her mother, became baroness Clifton in her own right and ancestress of the present earl 
of Darnley. He succ. his father Henry, 2 nd earl of Clarendon 31 Oct. 1709. His only son Edward, 
viscount Cornbury d. unm. 12 Feb. 1712-3. Totteridge Par. Reg. Burke's Extinct Peerage. 

b P.C.C. Book Leeds 14. 

Dr. William King's Remains, pub. 1732, with portrait at the age of 49, after R. Dellow, facing the 

E 



34 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

The mortgage, to which reference has been made, in so far at least as the Hadley 
property was concerned, became eventually vested in the Chandler family. 

Sir Roger Wilbraham, knt., of Ludgraves or Ludgrove, of whom more will be 
said hereafter, when we come to speak of the church and almshouse, left at his 
death, 29 July 1616, three surviving daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, and Catharine, 
of whom the eldest, Mary, was already" the first wife of Sir Thomas Pelham 
2nd bart. of Laughton Sussex, MP. for that county, who died in 1654. He had 
voted on the popular side in the parliaments held by Charles I., but retired into 
private life during the government of Cromwell. To the eldest son of this 
marriage, Sir John Pelham, bart., likewise M.P. for Sussex, the ownership of 
Ludgraves descended. 1 " He married at Penshurst, 20 Jan. 1647, lady Lucy 
Sidney (born in 1625) 2nd daughter of Hobert, 2nd earl of Leicester of that 
family, the sister of Algernon Sidney and of Dorothy, countess of Sunderland, 
Waller's Sacharissa, whose 

■ " presence has such more than human grace, 



That it can civilize the rudest place." 

"To my young Lady Lucy Sidney" herself the poet addresses some graceful 
lines, commencing with the stanza : 

" Why came I so untimely forth 
Into a world which •wanting thee, 
Could entertain us with no worth 
Or shadow of felicity? 
That time should me so far remove 
From that which I was born to love !" c 

Sir John Pelham sold his property at Hadley to Ambrose Brunskell, esq., 
who in his will, dated 26 Dec. 1668, d speaks of it as " lately purchased." Mr. 
Brunskell, a London merchant, who was born at Barnard Castle in Durham, and 
at the time of his death still owned property there, as well as at Bowes and Start- 
forth in the same neighbourhood, divided this and his estate at Northaw between 

title-page. Bell's Poets 1781. Biog. Univ. Phillimore's Alumni Westmonasterienses 191, 192. Chester's 
Westminster Abbey Registers p. 275. 

:l Vide Sir R. Wilbraham's will, proved P.C.C. 12 Nov. 1616. Book Cope 109. 

" Ancestor of the present earl of Chicbester. 

c Edmund Waller was born at Coleshill in Hertfordshire, 3 March 1605. 

d Proved P.C.C. 2 Nov. 1670, by Jane Walton and Honor Asty. Book Penn. 146. He was rated to 
Hadley in 1668. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 35 

his two surviving daughters Jane, the wife of Thomas Walton, a and Honor the 
wife of Francis Asty, strictly entailing them upon his said daughters and their 
issue, with cross remainders. He was buried at Northaw 20 Oct. 1670, when 
Mrs. Walton, his eldest daughter, succeeded to Ludgrove, and Mrs. Asty to the 
remainder of the Hadley property, tenanted by Robert Pecke and John Howkins. 6 
To the poor both of Hadley and of Northaw he had bequeathed £5. In 1686 we 
find John Walton, the third son of Thomas and Jane, living at the Blue-house. 
He appears to have taken an active part in parochial questions, and filled the 
office of churchwarden when Mr. Robert Tayler's right, as incumbent, to nomi- 
nate that functionary, was violently assailed. On 17 Sep. 1691 he was elected 
a Governor of the Barnet Grammar School, where he signed the minute book for 
the last time 1 Sep. 1712. His will, dated 20 March 1710-1, in which he is 
described as of London, gent, was proved 12 Jan. 1712-3 by Mary Walton his 
widow. d A son and six daughters are mentioned therein, all, with one exception, 
baptized at Hadley, where he seems to have been last assessed to the rates 10 
March 1696-7. The rate book shews that in 1726 e and 1728 Simon Tarsey, a 
publican, rented the Blue-house, but for how long previously we have no means 
of telling. He was assessed at £40 for the same, and at £36 for New Pond land. 
Lysons writes that he has been unable to learn anything relating to this 
estate, subsequently to the death of Sir Roger Wilbraham, beyond its purchase 
in the last century by admiral Temple West, the son of Bichard West, archdeacon 

a Married at Northaw 30 Dec. 1653. 

b Mr. Francis Asty, of London, merchant, by his will, dated 7 Sep. 1694 (proved P.C.C. 28 Nov. 
1694. Book Box 225), equalizes the distribution of property therein made between his sons, in order "to 
render to my son Francis some compensac'on for the weall and state which was left to or settled upon my 
son Ambrose by his grandfather Brunskell at Hadley in Middx. and Northaw in Hertfordshire." The 
Astys were originally from Suffolk, and the name occurs in the parish register of Market Weston as early 
as the year 1567, where a benefaction of 6s. 8d., called " Asty's noble," payable from land once 
belonging to the family is still given annually in bread to the poor. A tablet in the church of Northaw 
records the burials of several members "of the family of Asty, of Market Weston in the county of Suffolk, 
that was sometime of the parish of Northaw." Above the inscription are the arms Bendy of six, arg. and az. 
Crest a griffin statant, gu. Beneath is the coat Quarterly 1 and 4 arg. on a chev. sa. betw. three pellets, 
each charged with a martlet of the first, three escallop shells or, within a bordure engr. vert, for Hammond, 
2 and 3 as on the top of the monument. Crest out of a ducal coronet an eagle's head and wings sa. beaked 
or, entiled with a rose gu. the rose issuing rays or. Clutterbuck's Herts, ii. 417. The death is recorded 
below, 26 Nov. 1850, of General Sir Francis Thomas Hammond of Potters Bar and Whepsted, Suffolk. 

c Survey of Enfield Chace in 1686. a Book Aston 15. 

e Charles Polton, sen. was assessed for Mr. Asty's land, 22 May 1726. 

E 2 



36 The Parish of Ilonken Hadley. 

of Berks, by Maria Temple, eldest sister a of lord Cobhain and great-aunt of 
William Pitt, a younger brother of Gilbert b West of Christ Church Oxford, the 
translator of Pindar into English verse, who died in 1756. The admiral, who 
on 6 June 1737, as Temple West gentleman, had contracted a Fleet marriage 
with Prances daughter of Sir John Balchen knt. admiral of the white and 
Governor of Greenwich Hospital, was buried at West Wickham, 15 Aug. 1757. 
His will, dated 13 March 1739-40, when he was Commander of H.M.S. Deal 
Castle, "now riding at Spithead," was proved by his widow 1 Sep. 1757. At 
this date he was described as vice-admiral of the blue and one of the lords of the 
admiralty. When Lysons' statement was published, Ludgraves or the Blue- 
house-farm was in the possession of Jane, the widow of Col. Temple West, second 
son of the admiral, who died in 1783, aged 43. It afterwards belonged to Archi- 
bald Paris esq. of Beech-hill-park, and is now the property of Mr. B. C. L. Bevan. 
Prom Tudor times, at least, it is evident that the better inhabitants of Hadley 
were mainly drawn, as at the present day is still the case, from the professional 
and mercantile classes of the metropolis, and that changes both of ownership and 
of occupation succeeded each other rapidly. Owing to this circumstance the 
labour of tracing the tenure of the different properties is considerably augmented. 
Hadley is not mentioned by name in Domesday. It contained, according to 
Lysons, prior to the inclosure of Enfield Chace, 340 acres, to which, as we have 
seen, were added 240 of Chace land, making together 580. The last Ordnance 
Survey gives, however, rather over 641 acres as the area of the parish. In 1831 
the population was 979 (Males 417, Pemales 562). As shewn by the census of 
1861, there were 204 houses and a population amounting to 1053 (Males 441, 
Pemales 612). The more recent census of 1871 gave a population of 978 (Males 
433, Pemales 545). The number of inhabited houses at this time was 200, of 
uninhabited 12, and in course of building 5. According to the Valuation of that 
date the gross estimated value of property was £5293 15*. Od. which in May 
1879 had advanced to £6481 19s. Od. There is a mixed National School for 
boys and girls near the pleasant chestnut grove or avenue, at the upper part of 
the Common, and an Infant School on the Green, both in connection with the 
Church of England. Owing to its elevated situation the climate is keen in 
winter, though healthy and, for the same reason, the temperature is rarely 
oppressive in summer. Mr. Burrows, who was rector in the last century, makes 

a Lysons ii. 519. Burke's Landed Gentry. West, of Brayvrick Lodge. 

b Biographie Universelle. c P.C.C. Book Herring 290. 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 37 

sundry allusions, in his Diary and Letters, to these characteristics. The soil is 
chiefly clay, mixed with gravel. 

Pew early notices of Hadley have survived. An insignificant hamlet, hidden 
in the forest region of North Middlesex, lay out of the reach of history, and. the 
little that has come down to us would in all probability have been less, had it 
not been for the connection with the important foundation of Walden, to which, 
as has been already stated, it was granted in 1136 by Geoffrey de Mande- 
ville, first earl of Essex. This grant was confirmed by King Stephen, and 
subsequently by Henry II., but in neither document is Hadley specified. In a 
MS. however, preserved at the British Museum, and purporting to contain a record 
of the original a deed, we meet with the statement, " locum etiam de Hadleia ab 
Otuela constructu cu suis ptinentijs contulit (sc. to the abbey of Walden) ct 
paduagiu b de porcis monachor 9 in omnibus boscis suis quietum clamavit." The 
place or building erected at Hadley by Otuela was no doubt the hermitage of the 
original charter. 

Lysons, with a reference to the same MS. affirms that Hadley was formerly 
a hamlet to Edmonton parish. In a list of the Abbey's possessions is contained 
" heremitagium de Hadleia infra pochiam de Edelmetona situ cu terris decimis 
obuetio!b3 et ceteris oibus ad eunde locu ptinentibus integre possedimus in hoibus 
etia terras ibide te"ntibus et xij solidos et sex denar' nobis annuati solvetibus." d 
In Domesday we undoubtedly find Mimes included within Edmonton manor as 
part of the possessions of Geoffrey de Mandeville and, if this comprised the 
intervening region, the conjecture may not have been wholly unfounded. Ad 
hoc m (Adelmetone) jacuit et jacet una Berew e quae vocatur Mimes et est 
appciata cu Manerio. 

In Abbot Pentelowe's beautiful chartulary, said to have been compiled in 
1387, are contained several deeds, executed by successive bishops of London, 
confirmatory of Geoffrey de Mandeville's grant. The church of Hadley is 

a Cotton MSS. Vespasian E. vi. f. 26. Liber de fundat. Abbatia? de Waldene, eo, Essex. 

b Paduagia, pascua. Paduire, pascere animalia. Du Cange, Gloss. 

c Lysons ii. 517. 

d Cotton MSS. Vespasian E. vi. f, 55. In an inquisition taken at St. John's Street 3 Oct. 1 Eliz. 
after the death of William Rolfe on the previous 6 Dec. we find 1 mess. 38 acr. &c. in Hadley ten r de R. 
de m° Edmonton p' fidel. Harl. MS. 756 f. 488. 

e Berewick, Berewita, Berewichus, Manerium, vel potius membrum manerii a corpore dissitum, villula, 
hamleta manerii, manerium ad majus pertinens, quasi berier-vic, Saxonice. manerii vicus. Du Cange, Gloss. 
Berewic, a corn village, Bosworth Anglo Saxon Diet. 



38 The Tarlsli of Monken HacUey. 

expressly referred to in all of them. Earliest in point of time is a charter 
emanating from bishop Gilbert Foliot, the date of which must necessarily have 
fallen between the years 1163 and 1188. Its purport is the confirmation of 
twelve churches, that of Hadley being of the number, to Walden Abbey, and it 
runs as follows : — 

Carta Gilbert! London epT de confirmacione duodecim eccliar'. a 

Gilbertus 1 ' dei gracia london epus. Dilectis sibi in dno Archidiaconis decanis et omibus qui 
in epatu london consistunt eccliar' p'latis. salutem g'ciam & benedictionem. Suscepti aios cura 
comonet & compellit officij ut beneficia que ecclijs & ecclesiasticis psonis in nra diocesi religiosis 
contulit fideliu deuocio aut collatura est impost'um in specialem dei & sancte ecclie proteccionem 
suscipe eis q} p gubernacione & sustentacione pie concessa sunt ppetua stabilitate comunire 
debeam us proinde ecctias de Waledena de Clnsella & de Haydena de Waltli a m de Estra de Hene- 
feld de Hedelmetona de Mimmes de Norliala de Torleia de Gedelhestuna de Hadlega cu cappellis 
tern's & decimis & alijs quibuscuqj pthiencijs que ad eas vel in p'senti ptinent vel in futuro 
canonice ptinebunt Quas quidem monast'io scT Jacobi de Waledena & monachis ibidem deo 
servientib) ear'dem fundatores & advocati eccliar' sicut ex autenticis eor' sc'ptis cognovim us in 
ppetuam destinarunt elemosinam ipis epati concedim us & confirmam us autoritate Quod quia in 
dubiu nolnmus aut in irritu decetero posse revocari Univsitati ure p'senti sc'pto id notificare 
nfiq3 testTonio sigilli corroborare curauim us Hijs testibj Ricardo c arcliid' Colocestr' magro 
Waltero de Hardepier Walto' May Ricardo de Saresbir' Roberto de Clifford Hug' elemosinar' 
Ludivico clericis epi Phil' decano Rob' de Audebia Gilleb'to de Metting' Mauricio de Sabric- 
teswrd Willmo capellano de Storteford Godardo capellano de Waledena. 

Subsequent confirmations of the same nature by three later bishops, William 
(1199—1221), Eustace (1221—1228), and Roger (1229— -1241), d only require to 
be enumerated. It will be enough to note that the names and descriptions of 
the witnesses appended to the respective instruments enable us to arrive at a 
tolerably approximate notion of their dates. 

In the same chartulary are likewise registered the deeds relating to trans- 
actions between the abbey and certain inhabitants of the different parishes in 
which its possessions lay. We have here a glimpse of the processes by which its 

a Harl. MS. 3697 f. 22. 

b Gilbert Foliot, bishop of Hereford, was transl. to London 24 March 1162-3. He died 18 Feb. 
1187-8. Le Neve Fasti Eccl. Angl. vol. ii. 

c Richard Foliot was archdeacon of Colchester when Gilbert Foliot was bishop of London. Le Neve 
Fasti Eccl. Angl. vol. ii. 

d William of St. Mary's Church; Eustace de Fauconberge; Roger le Noir, or Niger, de Bileye. Le 
Neve Fasti Eccl. Angl. ii. 283, 284. 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 39 

property was gradually acquired, and at the same time become acquainted with 
the names of some of the persons who owned the soil as early as the reign of 
Henry ITI. a The titles borne by the parcels are recorded in some instances, as 
in the case of Burnildesfeld and Catilinescroft, and it would be of much interest 
if they could be traced universally in the present nomenclature. Catilinescroft, 
as we shall presently see, has come down to times comparatively recent, but it 
unfortunately stands alone, in so far as research has gone hitherto. It is 
observable, as illustrating the varied origin of surnames, that Richard and Acelina, 
wife of Stephen le Bray of Barnet, are described in the deeds as the children of 
Symon Catiline, Symon being their father, who had married Catiline, heiress of 
the lands in question and daughter of William de Cingerie and Acelina. 

Hadleya jux a le Barnett. 1 ' 

Carta Johannis Smallwud fil Burnilde de Hadleya de t'ra q°ndam Burnilde et alijs t'rl et 
tenementis et redditibs concess. monast'io de Walden. 

Sciant p'sentes et fiituri qd Ego Johannes Smalwude concessi dedi et hac p'senti carta mea 
confirmaui deo et beate marie et ecclle sancti Jacobi de Waledena et monachis ibidem deo servien- 
tib3 pro salute aie mee et antecessor' meor' in liberam puram et ppetuam elemosinam totum 
tenement' cu ptinent' scilicet t'ris redditib3 edificijs messuagijs plain's pasturis vijs semitis & 
omib} alijs ptinent' quod quidem tenementum tenui de dno Abbate et Conventu de Waledena in 
pochia de Hadleya. Et dimidiam acram t're cum ptinent' quam tenui de dno Willmo de Say in 
eadem uilla que iacet iuxta t'ram Roberti Ley man et abuttat ad unu caput ad parcum de Enefeld 
et ad aliud ad t'ram p'dicti Roberti. Et redditum septem denar' cum ptinent' quern Bartholo- 
meus Carettarius c michi solebat annuatim ^solvere ad quatuor anni t'minos videlicet ad ffn scT 
michaelis tres obolos et unu quadrante d et ad Natale dni tres obolos et unu quadrant? et ad 

a See infra, p. 41. 

b Harl. MS. 3697, f. 208. 

c In a lease granted for life by Abbot Michael (de Mentmore) of St. Alban's to William atte Penne 
and Elena his wife of messuages and land at Barnet and Southmymmes, at a fixed rent-service, a.d. 1347> 
we find it recorded that septemdecim acrse terras arabilis & prati jacent inter Le Southawe et terram 
Johannis Heued, vocatam " Le Newelond," et " Thetcheslond;" qnas quondam Bartholomews Carec- 
tarius et Henricus Geffrey tenuerunt ad voluntatem domini, per virgani. Et duas acra? jacent inter 
Le Southawe et terram Johannis filii Henrici Nichole. Et una acra terras jacet sub Le Eldefolde. Data 
apud Sanctum Albanum, die Jovis proxima post Festum Sancti Matthias Apostoli, anno regni Re°-is 
Edwardi Tertii post Conqusestum, vicesimo primo, Gesta Abbatum Mon. S. Albani. Walsingham ed. 
Riley ii. 327. 

d Quadrans. Monetae minutioris species apud Anglos, pars quarta denarii. Matthanis Westmon. 
ann. 1279: Quia denarius findi in duas partes pro obolis, et in quatuor partes pro Quadrantibus con- 



40 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

Nativitatem beati Johannis Baptiste tres obolos et unu quadrante pro dimidia acra terre quam de 
me tenuit in eadem uilla que iacet iuxta p'dictam dimidiam ac a m. Et unam acram t're cu ptinent' 
quam tenui de dno com' Herefordie in eadem uilla iacent' int' pcum de Enefeld ex una pte a et 
t'ram dictor' Abbatis et Conuent' de Waledena ex altera. Et unu mesuagiu cu ptinent' in villa 
de la Barnett b quod tenui de Stephano de Bray cu omib} ptin' iac' int' mesuagiu p'dicti Stephani 
ex una pte et mesuag' Golimiggi ffabri ex altera et abuttat ad unu caput ad foru de la Barnett et 
ad aliud ad t'ram predicti Stephani et redditum duodecim denar' cum ptinent' quern solebam 
annuatim pcipe de Xpina Mokul de quodam mesuagio quod tenet de dno Abbate et Conuentu de 
sancto Albano in eadem uilla. Et quatuor seldas c quas tenui in eadem uilla de p'dco Abbate et 
Conuentu cum libertatib3 et omib} alijs ptinent'. Et redditum quatuor solidor' cum ptinent' 
quern Heysent uxor q°nd a m Gilberti de Wudegate m 1 solebat annuatim psolvcre ad quatuor anni 
t'minos videlicet ad festum sancti michaelis sex denar' & ad Natale dni sex denar' & ad Pascha 
sex denar' & ad Nativitatem beati Johannis Baptiste sex denar' pro quodam tenemento quod de 
me tenuit in eadem uilla. Habend' & tenend' totum p'dictii tenementu cu ptinent' & totum 
p'dictu redditu cu. suis ptinent' scilicet wardis releuijs eschaetis & omib} alijs ad p'dcm tenementu 
sive redditu spectantib} p'dictis Abbati & conuentui & eor' successorib} imppm libere quiete 
integre bene & in pace faciendo debitii & consuetu p'dictor' tenementor' & reddituii serviciii 
capitalib} dnis feodor.' In hui s autem rei testimoniu p'senti sc'pto sigillu meii apposui. Hijs 
testib} dno Rico de Plessetis milite Willmo de fforda Godefrido de ffleg Dauid Ailberij Willo de 
Welles Reginaldo Blundo Willmo de Melho Johanne Bugecance & alijs. 

2. Carta Johannis Smalwude de redditu in foro de la Barnett concess. Thome de Wellis. d 

Sciant p'sentes & futuri qd Ego Johannes de Smalwude concessi dedi & hac presenti carta 
mea confirmaui Thome de Welles pro homagio & seruicio suo & p quadam suma pecunie sue quam 
m dedit in gersumam e totum tenementu qd tenui in foro de la Barnett de feodo dni Abbatis & 
conuentus de sancto Albano cu ofnib} ptinentijs Habend' & tenend' de me & de heredib} meis 
p'dicto Thome & heredib) suis ul suis assignatis & eor' heredib} libere quiete bene & in pace & 

suevit : ordinatum fuit ad tollendam occasionem defalcationis moneta?, quod rotuudi essent denarii, oboli et 
Quadrantes. Du Cange. 

a The property here alluded to most likely lay near the ehurch. 

b Throughout these documents Barnet is always described as le Barnett or la Barnett. The present 
Bosworth Professor of Anglo Saxon at Cambridge, the Rev. W. W. Skeat, M. A. says that Barnet is a 
purely Anglo Saxon word, and, no doubt indicates the scene of some extensive conflagration : — Baernet, a 
fire, a great burning, pronounced precisely as Barnet is pronounced now. A variation to Bernet, as we 
often find the name written, would be quite natural as the verb to burn is usually spelled heme in old 
books. 

c Selda, Taberna mercatoria, a stall. Du Cange. 

d This deed, though relating to Barnet, forms one of the series, in the chartulary, which are concerned 
with Hadley. 

e Garsummune; a fine or amerciament. Spelman writes it Gersuma. Cowel. Holthouse's Law Diet. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 41 

hereditar' reddendo inde annuatim capitalib} tlfiis feodi debitum tenementi seruiciu & m & 
heredib} meis tria grana pipis scilicet ad pascba p omib} seruicijs consuetudinib} sectis cur' & 
demandis secular' Et ego p'dictus Johannes & heredes mei warantizabim 3 defendem 8 & acquieta- 
bim s totura predictum tenementu cii ptin' p'dicto Thome & heredib3 suis vel assignatis & eor' 
heredib} p p'dictum seruiciu cont"" omnes gentes imppm. In hui s autem rei testimoniu p'senti 
sc'pto sigillu nieu apposui Hijs testib} Thomade la fforde Rio' fiT Jordan' Dauid Ailberij Willmo 
filio suo Johanne de Lega ciico et alijs. 



3. Indentura de cultura que uocat r Burnildesfeld in Hadleya dimiss' Johanni Couhird & Alic' 

uxori sue ad t'minu vita eordem. 

Anno regni Regis Edwardi filij Regis Henrici octauodecimo conuenit int' dihn Willm 8 dei 
gratia Abbatem de Waledena & euisdem loci conuentu ex pte una & Johanne le Couhird & 
Aliciam uxorem suam ex alt'a videlicet qd p'dicti Abbas & conuent 5 dimiserunt & concesserunt 
p'dictis Johanni & Alicie ad t'minu vite eordem vnam culturam terre apud Hadley que uocat' 
Burnildesfeld iacent' infra parcum de Enefelda int' t'ram dictor' religiosor' & t'ram Martini de 
la Barnett Reddend' inde annuatim dictis viris religiosis octodecim denar' ad duos anni t'minos 
scilicet ad pascha Nouc denar' Sc ad festum sancti Michaelis Nouem denar' pro ornib) consue- 
tudinib} & secularib} demandis salu p'dictis religiosis una secta annuatim ad visum suu franc' 
pleg' ibidem & emdacione 1 ' panis & c'uis' si sup dictu tenementu fuerit fiirmatu aut braciatum. 
Et si contingat dictos Johanne & Aliciam uel eor' alt'um in solucioue dicti annui redditus t'minis 
sup^dictis defic'e liccbit dictis religiosis post tres ammoniciones p eodem redditu factas p'dictum 
tenementu i' manus suas cape & sine cont""dictione alicui s imppm retinere. Et similit' si p'dictam 
t'ram p'dicti Johannes & Alicia suo tempore a se quoquo alienauerint cu autem de eis humanitus 
contig'it c dicta t'ra ad manus dictor' religiosor' sine aliqua contradictione plene & integre 
revertat r . In cui s rei testimoniu huic sc'pto i' modu cirographi' 1 conf'ecto cui' alt'a ps sigillo 
comuni dictor' religiosor' signat 1 ' sigilla dictor' Johis & Alicie sunt apposita. 

a William Policy, the 10 th abbot, appointed in 1285, died in 1304. Dugdale iv. 134. The 18 Edw. I. 
would have been 1300. 

h Emendatio Pani.s et Cervisiae. Jns statuendi pondus panis et mensuram cervisise feudorum Dominis 
olim in Anglia concessnm; unde in qualibet ejusdem regni jurisdictione inferiori ctiamnum exstat 
Ale-taster. Du Cange. 

c Postquam de me humanitus contigerit. Id est, postquam me mori contigerit. Du Cange. Huma- 
nitus si quid mihi accidisset. Cicero. 

d Anciently, when they made a Chirograph, or deed which required a counterpart, they engrossed it 
twice upon one piece of parchment contrarywise, leaving a space between, in which they wrote in great 
letters the word CHIROGRAPH, and then cut the parchment in two, sometimes even, and sometimes 
with indenture, through the middle of the word, concluding the deed with, In cujus rei testimonium utraq; 
pars mutuo scriptis presentibus fide media sigillum suum fecit apponi. The first use of these Chirographs 
was in Henry the Third's time. Cowel. Holthouse's Law Diet. 

F 



42 The Parish of Moriken Hadley. 

4. Littera obligatoria Rogeri filij Godardi & Agnet' uxis sue qd no petat aliqua escamb a de octo 

ac r s terre & una roda cu ptinent' fact' Abbati de Waleden. 

Notum sit omib} p'sentib} & futuris qd Ego Eog'us filius Godardi de la Hale obligaui me & 
Agnetem uxorem raeam & heredes meos Absalom' b Abbati de Waldena & eiusdem loci conuentui 
p p'sentem paginam nulla pet'e escambia de octo ac's & una roda t're cum ptinent i' uilla de 
Hadleya quam quidem t'ram nobis dederut & carta sua confirmauerunt & Reginaldus Rotarius 
uel aliquis heredu suor' p placitu t'ram p'dictam de nobis possit recupare. In cui s rei testimoniu 
pro Agnete uxore mea& heredib} meis p'sens sc'ptum sigilli mei apposicione duxi roborand' Hijs 
testib} Bartholomeo vicario de Euefeld Henrico capellano de Hadleya Symone de Pirho Reginaldo 
Blundo magro Willfho Carpentario Roberto Goet Thoma de Wellis Roberto Clerico de Waleden 
et alijs. Dat apud Enefeld quarto Id ap'lis Anno dni millimo cc m0 xliiii°. c 

5. Quictclam Joliannis le Paum' & alior' de una acra t're & dimidia cu mesuagio & alijs ptinent' 

ad Hadleya fact' monast'io de Waleden. 

Nouerint vniu'si hoc sc'ptum visuri uel audituri qd nos Johannes le Paum' de London & 
Matild' uxor mea Robertus de mymmes & Cristina uxor mea pro nobis & heredib} n'ris remisimus 
& quietclamauimus deo & beate marie & ecclie sancti Jacobi de Waledena & monachis ibidem deo 
seruientib} totum ius & clamiu quod habuimus uel habere potuimus in vna acra & dimidia t're 
cum mesuagio & omib} ptinent' suis quos Ricardus Pogeis pat' dictar' Matild' & Cristine 
quond a m tenuit de dictis monachis ad Hadleyam. Pro hac autem remissione & quietclamacione 
dederunt nobis dicti monachi duas marcas argenti. Et ut hec nostra remissio & quietclamacio 
p nobis & heredib} n'ris dictis monachis rata stabilis &. inconcussa pmaneat imppfn p'sens sc'ptu 
sigillor' n'ror' imp'ssionib5 corroborauimus. Hijs testib;, Ricardo de Plesseto Johannc de 
Marisco Thoma de iforda Sayero de Mymmes Willfno Broun Johanne Blundo cl Reginaldo le 
Roux Johanne fil Burwenild David fil Ailberij & multis alijs. 



(!. Carta Rici filij Symonis Cateline de Hadleya de dimidio mesuag' & iij ac's terre concess' 

monast'io de Walden. 

Sciant presentes & futuri qd Ego Ricardus filius Simonis Cateline sursum reddidi remisi & 
omnino quietclamaui pro me & p omib} heredib} meis imppin deo & beate marie & ecclie sancti 
Jacobi de Waledena & monachis ibidem deo seruientib} pro salute anime mee & omi antecessor' 

:v Escambhrm. Permutatio. Gall. Echange. Du Cange. 

b Absalom, abbot of Walden, died in 12G3. His predecessor Roger, the 2 nd of the name, died in 
1251. Dugdale iv. 134. 

c This date is not in agreement with that of Absalom's abbacy, unless Dugdale be in error. See 
preceding note. 

d Blundus = Blondus, color capillorum flavus, qui nostris Blond. Du Cange. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 43 

& successor' meor' & p quad a m suma pecunic quam dicti monaclii fn dedcrunt p s manib} totum 
ius & clamiu quod habui uel aliquo modo habere potui in dimidio mesuagio & t'bus ac's t're 
adjacentib} ex pte austri cu omib} ptinent' scilicet sepib) fossatis pasturis & grauis & t'bus 
denariat' annui redditus (pie rcdditum Juliana fil. Walteri Quic m solebat annuatim psolv'e quam 
quidem t'ram & dimid' mesuagiu Catelina mat' mea aliqu tenuit de dictis monacliis in pochia de 
Hadleya Ita scilicet qd nee Ego nee heredes mei nee aliquis p me nee pro me in dicto tenemento 
cu ptinent' p'dictis sive in dicto redditu aliquid iuris vel clamij decet'o exig'e vel uendicare 
pot'imus impm Vt autem hec remissio & quietaclamaco ppetue firinitatis robur obtineat presens 
sc'ptum sigilli mei imp'ssione roboravi Hijs testib} Thoma de Welles Thoma de Dunham Rog'o 
Quic Roberto Rotario Roberto Sinalhat Johe Smalwud Henr' de Welles Johanne de Lega & 
alijs. 

7. Quietclam Cateline fil. Willmi de Cingerie de vno mesuag' & vi ac's t're in villa de 
Hadleia e'eess monast'io de Waleden. 

Nouerint vniu'si hoc scriptu visur' uel audituri qd Ego Catelina fil. Wifti de Cingerie in 
pura uiduitate & legitima potestate mea remisi & quietclamaui Abbati & conventui de Waledena 
totum ius & clamiu quod habui uel habere potui in mesuagio & sex ac's t're adiacentib3 cu 
ptin' i' villa de Hadleya quas Acelina mat' mea quondam tenuit de dictis Abbate & conuentu. Ita 
qd nee ego decet'o aliquid iuris in dicto tenemento pot'o uendicare In cuius rei testimoniu p'sens 
sc'ptu sigilli mei imp'ssione corroboraui Hijs testib3 Sayro de Mymmes Willfno de Onelade 
Gregorio do Wrobbeley Dauid Ailbery Johanne le Bor Regin' le Roux Johanne de Smalwode <fc 
multis alijs. 



8. Carta Stephani le Bray & Aceline ux'is eius filie Simon Cateline de Hadleya de dimidio mesuag' 
& trib3 ac's t're in pochia de Hadleya eoncess' monast'io de Walden. a 

Sciant p'sentes & futuri qd Ego Stephanus Bray & Acelina uxor mea & filia Symonis Cateline 
sursum reddidimus remisimus & oiho quielclamauimus p nobis & p omib} heredib} n'ris imppm 
deo & beate marie & ecclie sancti Jacobi de Waledena & monachis ibidem deo seruientibj p salute 
aiar' n'rar' & omi antecessor' & successor' n'ror' & pro quadam summa pecunie quam dicti monachi 
nobis dederunt p s manib) totum ius & clamiu quod habuimus uel aliquo modo habere potuimus in 
dimidio mesuagio & t'bus acris t're adiacentib} ex pte aquilonis cum oinib3 ptinent' scilicet sepibj 
fossatis pasturis & grauis & t'bus denariat' annui redditus quern redditu Juliana filia Walt'i Quic 
nobis solebat annuatim psoluere quam quidem t'ram & dimidiu mesuagiu dicta Catelina aliquando 
tenuit de dictis monachis in pochia de Hadleya. Ita scilicet qd nee nos nee heredes n'ri nee 
aliquis p nos nee p nobis in dicto tenemento cum ptinent' p'dictis sive in dicto redditu aliquid 
iuris uel clamij decet'o exig'e uel vendicare pot'imus imppm. Vt autem hec remissio & quiet- 
clamacio ppetue firmitatis robur optineat p'sens sc'ptum sigillor' n'ror' imp'ssione roborauimus 

a Evidently the same property to which the charter of her brother Richard refers, supra N° 6. 

f2 



44 The Parish of Monken Hadlerj. 

Hijs testib3 Thoma de Welles Thoma de Dunham Rog'o Quic Roberto Rotario Roberto Smalhat 
Jolianne Smalwud Henr' de Welles Johanne de Lega & alijs. 

9. Obligacio Stephani Bray & uxoris eius ne alienarent t'ram qua tenent in Hadleya 

sine lieencia Abbatis. 

Nouerint vniu'si hoc sc'ptum visur' uel auditur' qd Ego Stephanus le Bray de la Barnett & 
Acelina uxor mea filia Symonis Cateline concessimus & hoc p'senti sc'pto nos pro nobis & heredib} 
n'ris obligauimus qd t'ram quam a dno Abbate & conuentu de Waleden recepimus in uilla de 
Hadleya p't'q a m domui de Waleden dare uendere legare seu quocuq} modo alienare no pot'imus 
nee in dicta t'ra uel bosco cu ptinent' vastum extirpacone sive aliquam destructions sine bona 
uoluntate dictor' Abbls & conuentus facere ualebimus si ipam t'ram cum bosco & ptinent' habere 
uoluerunt. In cuius rei testimoniu huic sc'pto sigilli mei imp'ssione apposuimus. Hijs testily 
Saero de mymmes Johanne le Blunt Roberto de la Hale Galfrido Thorkil Johanne le Bore Regin' 
le Roux & multis alijs. 

10. Carta Reginaldi de Hadleya de duab} ac's t're i' uilla de Hadleya concess' monach' 

de Waled. 

Omnibus Xpi fidelib} ad quos p'sens sc'ptum puenerit Reginaldus de Hadleya clericus salutem 
in dno Nouerit vniuersitas v'ra me p salute anime mee & omfi an'cessor' & successor' meor' con- 
cessise dedisse & hac p'senti carta mea confirmasse deo & sancte marie & sancto Jaeobo de 
Waledena & monachis ibidem deo seruientib, duas acras t're mee i' villa de Hadleya cii omib} ad 
easdem ptinentib} quar' vnu caput abuttat sup grauam Robti de Leya & aliud caput sup grauam 
Kat'ine de Leya in liberam pura & ppetua elemosina sicut unq a m aliqua elemosina melius uel 
liberius concedi uel dari pt Ut autem hec mea concessio donacio et carte mee p'sentis confirmacio 
ppetue firmitatis robur obtineat p'senti sc'pto sigillii meu apposui Hijs testib} Ricardo de Barbeflee 
Henr Janitore Dauid fil Aylberti Reginaldo Rotario Walt'o Wyck Rado Wombe Johanne fil 
Burnilde & alijs multis. 

11. Quietclamac' Edithe fil Reginaldi Cler' de Hadleya sup iur' quod huit in terr' et tenefntis 
concess' monast'io de Walderi in Hadleya et Barnet. 

ISciant p'sentes & futuri qd Ego Editha filia Reginaldi Clerici concessi & relaxaui & oino 
quietclamaui in viduitate mea & in ligia potestate mea deo & beate marie & ecclie sancti Jacobi 
de Waledena & monachis ibidem deo seruientib} p salute anime mee totum ins & clamiu quod 
habui uel aliquo modo habere potui in t'ris & redditib3 & omib} alijs que occasione dicti q°ndam 
Reo-inaldi patris mei et Rogeri Rurfi q°ndam mariti mei michi accidere poti'int in pochia de 
Hadleya & la Barnett sine aliq retenemento mei uel heredu meor' siue assignator' in puram et 
ppetua elemosinam Habend' & tenend' dictis monachis & eor' successoribj imppm libere quiete 
bene & in pace. Et ego p'dicta Editha et heredes mei warantizabimus defendemus & acquieta- 
bimus predictis monachis et eor' successor^ totam p'dictam terram & redditu cii omib} ptinent' 



The Parish of MonJcen Hadley. 45 

p'dictis cont a omnes homies & feminas imppm. Et ut hec mea concessio relaxacio & quiet- 
clamacio ppetue firmitatis robur obtineat p'senti sc'pto sigillum meum apposui. Hijs testily 
Dauid Aylberii de Enefeud Willmo Pistore Johanne de Templo Mauricio Pistore Roftto Rotario 
de Hadleya Rog'o Quic de eadem Johanne Higte Johanne Osemund a & alijs. 

12. Quietclam Gu'nilde filie Regin' de Hadleya de graua ibidem dat' monacliis de Waleden. 

Notum sit ofnibus hoc sc'ptum visuris nel audituris qd ego Gunnilda filia Reginaldi de la 
Haya remisi & quietclamaui de me & heredib3 meis deo & beate marie & saneto Jacobo de 
Waledena & monacliis ibidem deo seruientib} totnm ius & clamiu quod habui nel habere potui 
in toto tenemento in vno mesuagio & una graua que consueui tenere de p'dictis monacliis ex 
dono Reginaldi p'dicti patris mei in villa de Hadleya cum ofnib} libertatib; & cschaetis que 
conting'c possunt & cum omib) ptinent' in pratis pascuis vijs semitis &, in omib) alijs locis sine 
ullo retenemento. Tenend' & habend' in liberam puram et ppetuam elemosinam. Pro hac 
autem remissionc & quietclamacione dedert michi p'dicti monachi viginti quatuor solidos 
st'lingor'. Et ut hec mea remissio & quietaclamacio rata sit & stabilis p'sens sc'ptum sigilli mei 
imp'ssione corroboraui. Hijs testibus Domino Seero de mymmes Willmo de Onladc Johanne le 
Blunt Johanne le Bor Reginaldo Rotario Roberto de la Hale Galfrido Thurkill & alijs. 

13. Carta Agnetis de Leya de una pecia t're continent' spacia duar' pticar in latitudine i' 
Hadleya concess' monast'io de Waldefi. 

Oinnib3 Xpi fidelib3 p'sentib3 & futuris Agnes de Leya salutem in dno Nou'it vniu'sitas v'ra 
me pro salute anime mee & omi an'cessor' & successor' meor' concessisse dedisse & hac p'senti 
carta mea confirmasse deo & sancte marie & saneto Jacobo de Waledena & monacliis ibidem deo 
seruientib3 vnara peciam terre mee in villa de Hadleya continentc spaciu duar' pticar' in latitudine 
que iacet iuxta sepe ex pte orientali & abuttat ad vnu caput sup t'ram dictor' monachor' v'sus 
aquilone & aliud caput sup t'ram que fuit Reginaldi clerici v'sus austru. Habend' & tenend' in 
liberam puram & ppetuam elemosina sicut umq^m aliqua elemosina melius uel liberius concedi 
nel dari pt. Vt autem hec mea concessio donacio & huius carte mee confirmacio ppetuu robur 
obtineat p'sente pagina sigilli mei imp'ssione corroborare curaui Hijs testib3 Rico de Barbeflee 
Henrico Janitore Dauid filio Aylbti Reginaldo Rotario Walto Wyck Radulpho Womb Johe fil. 
Burnilde & multis alijs. 

14. Septum Albrede de duabus acris terre in Hadleya concess' monach' de Walden. 

Omnib3 Xpi fidelib3 ad quos p'sens sc'ptu puenerit Albreda de Hadleya salute in dno Nouerit 
vniu'sitas vra me pro salute aie mee & omi an'cessor' & successor' meor' concessisse dedisse & hac 
presenti carta mea confirmasse deo & sancte marie & saneto Jacobo de Waledena & monachis 

a The name of Osmond is still met with in the neighbourhood. 



46 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

ibidem deo seruientib3 duas acras terre mee i' villa de Hadleya cum ofhib3 ad eas ptinentib3 que 
iacenfc iuxta mesuagiu meu & abuttant sup terram Abbatis de Waleclena ex pte orientali. Habend' 
& tenend' in libera pura & ppetua elemosinam sicut unq^m aliqua elemosina melius uel liberius 
concedi uel dari pt. Ego u° Albreda & heredes mei Warantizabimus p'dictam elemosina p'no- 
mi'atis monacliis & earn defendemus cont a omnes homies & feminas. Vt autem hec mea concessio 
donacio & carte mee p'sentis confirmacio ppetue firmitatis robur obtinent p'sentem paginam sigilli 
mei imp'ssione corroboraui Hijs testib} Rico de Barfle a Henrico Janitore Dauid fil. Alberti Regi- 
naldo Rotario Walto' Quic Rad' Wombe Job' fil Burnilde & alijs. 



15. Sc'ptum indentatum Joliannis Wedon de crofta t're uocat' Catelinescroft in pochia de Hadleya 
sibi concess' ad feodi firmam p s'uic' quatuor solidor' & vj denar' annuatim Abbati & con- 
uentui soluend'. 

Uniuersis Xpi fidelib3 hoc sc'ptum visuris uel audituris Andr sb pmissione diuina Abbas de 
Waledena & eiusdem loci conuentus salutem i' dno. Sciatis qd cu nup concessimus & ad firmam 
tradidimus Johanni de Wedon del Barnett quand a m croftam uocat' Catelinecroft e in pochia de 
Hadleya p quadraginta annos sibi heredib3 sive assignatis suis tenend' p seruiciu quatuor 
solidor' & sex denar' annuatim soluend' & sectam ad cur' dictor' relig' apud Hadley releuiu & 
heriettu cum accident prout in quad' indentura int' nos & eundem Johanne confecta plenius con- 
tinetur qua quidem concessions & tradicione ratificamus p p'sentes Prete'a concessimus pro nobis 
& successorib3 nris ad feodi firmam p'dicto Johanni heredib3 siue assignatis suis tenere & habere 
p'dictam croftam de nobis <fc successor^ nris ad feodi firmam imppiii. fFacicndo & reddendo 

a Ricardus de Barfle is called Ricardus Barflete and Henricus Janitor, Henry Porter, in certain deeds 
relating to Enfield in the same MS.. Harl. MS. 3697, f. 180. 

b Abbot Andrew is not mentioned in Dugdale, iv. 134. William Policy, 10th abbot, died in 1304, 
and abbot William is mentioned in 1359. 

c Croft, in conveyances, signifies a small piece of land or ground. Holthouse. The designation of 
Catiline field has been retained until a late date, and must have referred to a part of the parish situated 
to the rear of the house formerly called the White Bear. On 23 July, 1650, Michael Grigge, of Hadley, 
esq. and others, bargain and sell to Edward Nicholls, of South Mimms, yeoman, " a messuage known by the 
name or signe of y e White Beare, in Hadley, now in the tenure of Richard Timberlake, abutting upon the 
shire ditch or com'on shoare (sewer) between Barnet and the county of Midds. on the south." One of the 
parcels is said to have abutted upon a garden occupied by William Dry on the west and on a field called 
Catiline field on the north. On 1 Sep. 1704, John Nicholls of Knightsland, son of Edward, mortgaged 
the same. The White Bear was then in the occupation of William Parme, and Catiline field continues to 
be spoken of, as well as in subsequent deeds, at least as late as the year 1781. The house, now called 
Boundary House, for some years past a chemist's shop, is the last in Hadley parish on the eastern side of 
the High Street. Until recently it was an inn, bearing the sign of the New Salisbury Arms, but almost 
within living memory was still designated the White Bear. 



The Parish of Monken Hartley. 47 

nobis totum annuu redditu & seruic' p'nomi'at' salu eciam raconabil' chemin' 3 ad fugand' b & 
cariand' c cum libero introitu & exitu omib3 temporib} anni pro uoluntate nra a regia via usq} 
ad boscum nrm ibidem. Et nos & successores nri p'dictam croftam p'dicto Johanni her' siue 
assignatis suis cont a omnes gentes in forma p'dicta warantizabimus. In cuius rei testioniu pti 
huius indenture reman' penes p'dcm Johanne sigillu nrm coe p'sentib} est appensu & pti penes 
nos resident! sigillu dicti Joliis est appens'. Dat' apud Waleden' vicesimo die Movembr' Anno 
regni Regis Edwardi t'cij a conquestu sexto. 

THE MANOR. 

The great abbey of Walden was surrendered in 1538 and, with the manor of 
Hadley, which had continued to form a part of its possessions, was granted, 14* 
March 1538-9, d to Sir Thomas Audley knt., e then Chancellor, in compensation, 
as he alleged, " for having in this world sustained great damage and infamy for 
serving the King." These expressions may have had reference to the share 
assigned to him in the proceedings against Queen Anne Boleyn. He was one of 
the special commission appointed to try her supposed accomplices and was present 
on the scaffold, by the King's desire, on the day of her execution/ The terms of 
the grant included totum nup monast'ium nrm de Walden in com Essex — necnon 
man'm nrm de hadley cum ptiil in com Midd. ac R'corias & ecclias de Edclmeton 
Enfeld et Southmymcs &c p'dcS nup monastto ptineii. It is observable that no 
mention is made of the church or, as it is styled at this period, free chapel of 
Hadley ; from which we may conclude that it was regarded simply as an appendage 
of the manor. Sir Thomas Audley, created by letters patent, dated 29 Nov. 
1538, baron Audley of Walden, died 19 Apr. 1544, aged 5G, without heirs male, g 

a Cheminus, via, iter, Fr. chemin. Du Cange. 

b Fugare, venari Fr. cliasser. Du Cange. A reservation of the right of chace. 

e Cariare, carro vehere. Fr. charier. Du Cfnge. 

tl Patent Rolls, 30 Hen. VIII. p*. 5. March 14, at Record Office. Letters patent, dated 12 Jan. 
31 Hen. VIII., teste meipso at Westminster, in confirmation of the previous grant to Thomas Audeley, 
knt. lord Audeley, and Elizabeth his wife. Trin. Rec. 3 Edw. VI. rot. 26. Lysons ii. 518. 

c The son of Geoffrey Audley of Earl's Colne. The following entry occurs in the Burgesses' Oath book 
at Colchester: (, a. d. 1516, Thomas Audley Gen. natus in Colne Comitis in com. Essex, Burgens." 
Nicolas' Historic Peerage. Burke's Extinct Peerage. 

* Froude ii. 484, 503. 

s Thomas Howard 4 th duke of Norfolk, eldest son of Henry Howard, K.G. the celebrated Earl of Surrey, 
married 2 ndly Margaret dau. and heir of Thomas, lord Audley of Walden. His eldest son by her, lord 
Thomas Howard, was summoned to parliament 24 Oct. 1597 as baron Howard de Walden, and cr. Earl of 
Suffolk in 1603. He built the mansion of Audlev End. 



48 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

when his title became extinct. According to his own desire he was buried in a 
chapel which he had erected at Saffron Walden, where a splendid monument was 
raised to him. a 

Subsequent dealings with the manor are a little intricate. Lysons states that 
lord Audley re-surrendered it to the King four years after the original grant and, 
on the authority of Pat. Rolls 4 and 5 Ph. and M. pt. 14. m 41. June 29, that it 
was granted by Queen Mary, in 1557, to Sir Thomas Pope, the founder of Trinity 
College Oxford, but at a previous date there is evidence of the Gooclere family 
having possessed an interest in it. In his will b of 15 Dec. 1546, 38. Hen. VIII. 
Francis Goodere esq. imposes a condition upon his younger son Thomas, that 
quietly and without any molestation and interruption he permit and suffer William 
Stanford esq. his heirs and assigns to have hold and enjoy the manor of Hadley 
and the parsonage of South Mimms with their appurtenances in the county of 
Middlesex. On 3 Dec. 1538 Joan or Jane Wroth widow, his mother, had pre- 
sented pro hac vice to the vicarage of South Mimms. William Staunford, esq. on 
15 March 1553, and Alice Staunford widow, on 31 March 1558, presented to 
the same. 

William Staunford, Stamford, or Stanford, — we meet with the name in each 
form,' 1 — the son of William Staunford, of London, mercer, by his wife Margaret 
Gedney, and grandson of Robert Staunford of Rowley in Staffordshire, was born 
at Hadley, where his father had purchased lands, 22 Aug 1509. f Having been 
educated at Oxford, and being afterwards called to the bar at Gray's Inn, he rose 
to eminence in his profession and wrote several law treatises held in estimation. 
In 1545, 36 Hen. VIII. he was Attorney General, and on 17 Oct. 1552 was 
advanced to the dignity of a " serjeant of the coyffe," 5 to which, according to 



a The site of Walden Abbey was near the great pond, at Audley End, by the bowling-green, where 
foundations and bones have been disinterred. Dugd. Mon. iv. 138; Morant, Hist, of Essex ii. 548. 

b P.C.C. Book Alen 45. 

c Jane Hawte, after the death of her first husband Thomas Goodere, in 1518, had married llobert 
Wroth of Durants, Enfield, who died 27 Hen. VIII. 

a Robert, son of William, signs himself Staunford. On the monumental tablet in Hadley church the 
spelling is Stamford. 

e The will of Margaret Stamford, late of London, widow, dated 19 Oct. 1541, was proved P.C.C. 
7 Dec. 1542. (Book Spert 13.) She desires to be buried in the parish church of Islington, in the south 
aisle, beneath the same stone as her father. 

* Wood's Ath. Oxon. i. 262; Fuller's Worthies, Middlesex ii. 323. 

e Machyn's Diary, Camden Soc. Pub. 1848, p. 27. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 49 

Strype, a he had been nominated in the preceding May. In 1553 he was made 
queen's Serjeant, and acted in that capacity at the memorable trial, 17 Apr. 1554, 
of Sir Nicholas Throgmorton, for complicity in Sir Thomas Wyatt's rebellion." 
The prisoner, on this occasion, defended himself so resolutely and confronted the 
charges laid against him with so much dexterity and skill, that the jury, notwith- 
standing pressure brought to bear upon them, returned a verdict of acquittal. On 
being nominated one of the judges of the Common Pleas he was among " the 
Knyghtes mayde by King Philip in his chambre upon Sunday the xxvijth of 
January in an. 1554." d It is reported that he was a zealous Roman Catholic, 
and perhaps owed his advancement to this circumstance. 

In the Order of the Lady Elizabeth's Grace's Voyage to the Court, appointed 
to commence from Ashridge on Monday 12 Eeb. 1553-4, the day of Lady Jane 
Grey's execution, it had been prescribed that she should reach Sir Thomas Pope's, 
at Tyttenhanger, on Tuesday and sleep at Mr. Staunford's, a distance from that 
place of seven miles, on Wednesday. 6 There can be little doubt but what this 
referred to his residence at Hadley. Owing, however, to indisposition, real or 
feigned, she did not begin her journey until the 18th, and selected other halting 
places than those originally marked out for her. The peril which she was pre- 
paring to encounter was no slight one, and it is likely that both Pope and Staun- 
ford would be well affected towards the Court. Carried in a litter sent for her by 
Ihe Queen she reached Mr. Dodde's at North-Mimms-park on the third day of 
her journey and Mr. Cholmely's at Highgate on the fourth, thus avoiding Hadley. 
Here, notwithstanding, it is most probable that she rested on a later, and even 
more memorable occasion, — an occasion as bright with promise as the other was 
overshadowed by apprehensions. Mary died on Thursday 17 Nov. 1558 and the 
next day Sir Thomas Gresham and Cecil proceeded to Hatfield. By Saturday night, 
says Proude, the Privy Council, with every statesman of any side or party of 
name or note, had collected at that place. On Suuday Elizabeth gave her first 
reception in the hall. Two days later the Court removed to London. This must 
have been on Tuesday the 22, on which night it may be assumed that the new 
Queen slept at Hadley, perhaps at the house of Sir "William Staunford's widow, 
for Henry Machyn, already quoted, writes in his diary : " The xxiij day of 

a Strype M. ii. 7. b Strype M. ii. 1, 554; M.iii. 2, 117. 

c Froude's Hist, vi. 218. 

a Machyn, p. 342. Harl. MS. 6,064, f. 80"; Cotton MSB. Claudius, c. iii. f. 192. 

e Strickland's Lives iv. 74, 75. 

G 



50 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

November the Queen Elsabeth('s) grace toke here gorney from Hadley beyond 
Barnett toward London, unto my Lord North (s') plase (the Charterhouse), with 
a M and mor of lordes, knyghtes, and gentyllmens lades and gentyllwomen ; and 
ther lay V days." 

Sir William Staunford purchased the manor of Handsworth, near Birmingham, 
of Sir John St. Leger, knt. As old Puller quaintly expresses it, — " There is a 
spirit of retraction of one to his native country, which made him purchase lands, 
and his son settle himself again, in Staffordshire." 1 * According to Anthony a 
"Wood, his descendants were still living in that and the adjoining county of 
Warwick at the close of the following century. He had issue six sons and four 
daughters, and died 28 Aug. 1558, having just completed his 49th year. 
Directions were given in his will b that his body should be interred in one of the 
parish churches of Islington, Hadley, or Handsworth, and on Sep. 1 he was 
buried at Hadley. An entry in Machyn's Diary records that " the same day was 

bered beyond Barnet [j u ]?5 e Stamford, knyght, with standard, cotte 

armour, penon of arms, elmett, targett, sword, and the mantylles ; and iiij dozen 
of skachyons, and ij dozen of torchys, and tapurs ; and Master Somerset the 
harold of armes." c These insignia still hung suspended in Hadley church when 
it was visited by Nicholas Charles, Lancaster herald, in 1608. ,l The armorial 
bearings of Staunford of Hadley and Staffordshire appear to have been granted 
2May e 1542. (Arg. three bars az. on a canton or a fesse sa. in chief three 
mascles of the last. Crest. A gauntlet or, grasping a broken sword arg. hilt and 
pommel sa.) There were likewise existing in the church at the same time the 
escutcheons of his daughter Anne, "who died young, with the inscription, " Here 
lyeth Anne Stamford, daughter of William Stamford and of Alice his wife, which 
deceased in the moneth of February, 1551," and of dame Alice his widow, 
daughter of John Palmer of Middlesex, who died in 1573. Attached to the latter 

a Worthies, Middlesex ii. 323. 

b Dated 4 Apr. 1558, and proved by dame Alice, P.C.C. 11 Oct. 1558 (Book Noodes 53). He men- 
tions his three daughters, Dorothy, Katharine, and Margaret, not yet of age, and four sons, William, 
Henry, Ralph, and John. Ealph Stanford, from Oxford, was ordained priest at the English College at 
Douai in Dec. 1584 and sent into England, in messem Anglicanam, 28 Jan. 1586. The college, founded 
in 1568, by Dr. Allen, was supplied with pupils by refugees from Oxford and the Grammar Schools, and its 
" seminary priests" began to pass over into England in 1576. 1 st and 2 nd Diaries of the English College, 
Douay. T. F. Knox, D.D. 12, 30, 192, &c. History of the English People, ii. 407. 

c " Septemb. initio, Judge Stamford was buried at a town beyond Barnet." Strype M. iii. 2, 117. 

a Lansd. MS. 874, f. 56. e Burke's General Armoury. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 51 

was the coat of Staunford impaling Palmer, 1 and 4, Sa. a trefoil slipped in chief 
arg. above two mullets or, a bordure engr. of the last ; 2. Har thill. Barry of six 
arg. and vert; 3. Cotton. Gu. a bend cotised betw. six martlets or. a 

In the year 1575 William Dodde of North Mimms and Katharine his wife 
aliened the manor of Williotts b in South Mimms to Robert Staunford, of Perry 
Hall in Staffordshire, eldest son and heir of Sir William, who again conveyed it in 
1594 to Robert Taylor, his kinsman, and Elizabeth his wife. We have no 
evidence of Robert Staunford having resided at South Mimms, but the register of 
that parish contains the baptisms of Anne (22 Aug. 1591) William (10 Jan. 
1594) and Robert (15 Sep. 1598) Staunforde, who were probably the children of 
Edward his eldest son. Robert Staunford of Perry Hall, born 31 Jan. 1539, 
was knighted at Whitehall 23 July 1603, c previous to the coronation of James I. 
and died 20 March 1606-7. a 

Sir William Staunford's widow married, secondly, Roger Carew esq. of Hadley, 
and on 4 July 1573, 15 Eliz. the manor and free chapel of Monken Hadley were 
held by one Thomas Smalwood to him and his heirs of the Queen in capite to the use 
of the said Roger and Alice during the life of the said Alice. She died at Hadley, 
and was there buried 3 Nov. 1573.° It would appear that the premises were 
then conveyed to Robert Staunford, her eldest son, without the royal licence 
having been first obtained, but this oversight was pardoned and, on the 20. of the 
same month, (20 Nov. 16. Eliz.) they were by him aliened to William Kympton 
senr. citizen and merchant tailor of London, and Robert Kympton one of his 
sons, who shortly afterwards acquired seisin of the same.' The licence of aliena- 
tion expresses " all that manor and demesne of Monken Hadley, otherwise Hadley, 
in the county of Middlesex, with all and singular the rights members, and appur- 
tenances, together with a free chapel called Monken Hadley (unam libam capellam 
vocat' monken hadley) and all lands belonging to the same or by reputation part 

a Lansd. MS. 874, f. 56. Harl. MS. 6,072. 

b Lysons v. 228. Hist, of South Mimms, 38, 39. 

c Cotton. MSS. Claud, c. iii. f. 244 b . 

a There is a pedigree of the family in Eev. Stebbing Shaw's Hist, of Staffordshire, ii. 108, 109, with 
MS. notes by Samuel Pipe Wolferstan of Statfold. Br. Mus. 

e Monumental inscription in Hadley church. 
Pat. Rolls. 16 Eliz. pt. 13, m. 11. Nov. 20. Licen' alienand' p' Rob'to Staunford armig'o. Lord 
Treasurer's Remembrancers of Exchequer, Memoranda. Hil. 16 Eliz. Rotulo 41. De Willielmo et Roberto 
Kympton occasionatis ad ostendendum quo Titulo tenent Manerium de Hadleigh Monachoram, in comitatu 
Middlesex. 

g2 



52 The Parish of Monken Sadie?/. 

and parcel of the same and one messuage or tenement with a furnace for making 
bricks, Anglice a tile kiln, and all lands, containing by estimation twelve acres of 
land or thereabouts, which Thomas Lee holds or lately held by a lease from the 
aforesaid Robert Staunford, situate and being in the aforesaid parish of Hadley 
and now in the tenure of the said Thomas Lee, by virtue of a lease to him given 
to that effect for forty-one years at an annual rent of £3. 6. 8 and two capons 
and two hens, likewise one messuage or tenement with the appurtenances in 
Hadley aforesaid called the Vicarage-house and all those parcels of land situate 
and lying in the parish of Southmyms in the said County of Middlesex called and 
commonly knoAvn by the name of Pynchbank a containing by estimation 14 acres 
be the same more or less now in the tenure of Robert Holowey gent, by virtue 
of a lease for 17 years yet to come or thereabouts made to him of the same 
messuage called the Vicarage at an annual rent of £1. 6. 8 and of the same parcels 
of land called Pynchbank at an annual rent of £2. 13. 4 And also all that 
messuage house or tenement with orchard gardens backsides (et lez backsides) 
and other appurtenances and all lands tenements and hereditaments in the said 
parish of Hadley now in the tenure of George Lole by virtue of a lease to that 
effect granted to him by the aforesaid Robert Staunford for 21 years at an annual 
rent of £1. 6. 8 likewise all that messuage or tenement with the backsides of the 
same containing by estimation two acres of land with all other the appurtenances 
in the said parish of Hadley now in the tenure of Gregory Dyett or his assigns 
by virtue of a lease to him granted to that effect for 19 years yet to come or 
thereabouts at an annual rent of £1. 6. 8 and all that tenement and an acre and 
a half of land in Hadley aforesaid now in the occupation of Richard Shad situated 
within the same manor And also one other messuage and tenement and 3 acres 
of land there in the occupation of the relict of Hugh Nightingale and one other 

messuage and tenement and 3 acres of land there in the occupation of Fyl- 

larye and all that half part moiety and purpart of and in one tenement and rood 

of land be the same more or less in Hadley aforesaid occupied by Johnson 

and all that parcel of land there held by Bellamye and all that cottage and the 
backsides there in the parish of Hadley aforesaid in the said county of Middlesex 
in the occupation of Robert Crante and the reversion and reversions rents out- 

a Mentioned in the will of Mr. John Howkins, of South Minims, proved P.P.C. G Nov. 1678 (Book 
Reeve 120), as his dwelling-house called Pinchbank, in South Mimms parish. He was churchwarden of 
Hadley in 1GG9. " Sara, wife of John Howkins sen. gent, of Birchbanke " was bur. at Hadley 12 July 
1G60. Par. Re£. 



The Parish of Monk en Hadley. 53 

goings and profits of the aforesaid manor and of all and singular other the pre- 
misses and all and singular other manors messuages lands tenements rents 
reversions and hereditaments which the said Robert Staunford hath or ought to 
have in possession reversion or remainder in the parish of Hadley aforesaid except 
the moiety of a field there called Catlyn field &c. To have and to hold &c. to the 
said William and Robert Kympton to the sole and proper benefit and use of the 
same for ever. At Westminster 20. Nov." 

William Kympton was the 5th son of William Kympton of Weston co. Hert- 
ford.' 1 On 20 July 1559 he was appointed a trustee under the will b of his elder 
brother Edmund Kympton gent, of Weston and Clothall, and guardian of his 
infant children. As mentioned in the records of the Merchant Tailors' Company, 
he " brought great trouble upon himself, in the year 1562, for having, contrary 
to the ordinances, called Stephen Misney, a * brother of this mystery,' a crafty 
boy. Por this misdemeanour he was fined 40s. and not having so much with him, 
he leaves a gold ring with the master in pawn as security for the amount."" On 
Tuesday, 16 Feb. 1573, he was elected alderman of Portsoken Ward, d but after- 
wards transferred to Bread Street. 6 He served the office of sheriff in 1576/ but 
was never Lord Mayor. On Tues. 26 Oct. 27 Eliz. he relinquished the alder- 
manic gown at his own request, on paying the sum of £200 ; which fine was 
subsequently " remitted and pardoned," Thurs. 13 Jan. 28. Eliz. g 

On 3 April 1574, the year following his acquisition of the manor of Hadley, 
he received a grant of Arms from Robert Cooke Clarenceux : — Az. a pelican 
vulning herself betw. three fleurs-de-lis or. Crest : A demi-goat erm. horned and 

* Harl. MSS. 1546, f. 144; 1547, f. 56".; 1551, f. 64. 

b Proved P.C.C. 19 June 1560 by Thomas Upton, attorney of Lucie Kympton the relict, sole executrix. 
Book Mellerche 36. 

c Entries in the Merchant Tailors' Kecords, a:- quoted in the "History of Merchant Tailors' School," 
p. 190, note. Arundell, p. 166. 

(l Rep. 18, ff. 157, 158. Town Clerk's Office, Guildhall. 

Martis xvj t0 die ffebruarij, 1573. 

It'm at this courte my Lorde maio 1 ' p'sented unto this courte these names ensueinge viz. John 
Hardinge, Salter, Martyn Caltrope, drap 1 ', Will'm Kympton m'chauntt 1 ' & Richard Peacock leather seller 
heretofore named by thinhabitants of the warde of portesoken, to thintent that one of the same accordinge 
to thauncyent custome of the citie might be elected by the courte to be Alderman of the same warde of 
portesoken, where upon by scruttany accordinge to the custome M r Will'm Kympton m'chauntt r was by this 
courte elected to be Ald'r'an of the same warde of portesoken. It'm at this courte M r Will'm Kympton 
m'chauntt 1 ' accordinge to the elecc'on afforesaid was sworne Alderman of the warde of portesoken. 

c Rep. 20 f. 94 b . f B. B. Orridge. e R e p. 21 ff. 226 b . 253". 



54 



The Parish of Moriken Hadley, 



hoofed or, collared and chained sa. The grant describes him as "Lorde of 
Monken Hadley, and now Alderman of the Citie of London." The original is in 
the British Museum, 3 and the quaint phraseology of the Heralds' College in the 
reign of Elizabeth is perhaps worthy of reproduction. 

To all and singular as well Nobles and Gentills as others to whom these 
presentes shall come Eobert Cooke Esquier alias Clarencieulx principall Here- 
hault and Kinge of Armes of the south este and west partes of this Eealme of 
England from the River of Trent sowthwards sendith greeting in oure Lord God 
everlastinge. 

Beinge credibly enformed that William Kimpton 
Lorde of Monken Hadley in the Countie of Middle- 
sex esquier and now alderman of this citie of London 
hath longe continued in vertue and in all his affaires 
hath so well and worthelie behaved himself that he 
hath well merited and is worthie from henceforth 
to be in all places of honor and worship with others 
renouned accepted and taken into the number and 
fellowship of other auncient gentilmen. 

Eor remembrance wherof I the saide Claren- 
cieulx Kinge of Armes by power and aucthoritie 
vnto my office annexed and graunted by letters 
patentes vnder the greate seale of England have 
devised assigned geven and graunted vnto and for 
the said William Kimpton esquier the armes and 
creaste hereafter following. That is to say asur 
a Pellicane betwen thre Elower de luces golde 
and to the creast vppon the healme in a wreath 
golde and asur a demi Goate ermyns horned and 
cleaed (sic) golde a coller and chayne aboute his neck sables manteled gules 
dobled silver as more playnly apperith depicted in this margent. b To have and 
holde the saide armes and creast to y e said William Kimpton esquier and to his 
posteritie with their due differences and he and they the same to vse beare and 
shewe in JShilde cote-armour or otherwise and (therein) to be revested at his and 
their liberty and pleasure without impediment let or interruption of any person 




a Add. Charters. No. 6,218. 



b Cf. Harl. MS. 1,551, f. 64. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 55 

or persons. In witnes whereof I the saide Clarencieulx Kinge of Armes have sett 
hereunto my hande and seale of Office the third of Aprill Ao do'i 1574 and in the 
sixtenth yere of the raigne of oure soveraigne Lady Queene Elizabeth &c. 

Robert Cooke alias Clarencieulx 
Roy Darmes. 

On 1 Dec. 1582 a a licence was granted to William Kympton citizen 
and alderman of London and Robert Kympton gent, to alienate the manor 
of Hadley al's Monken Hadley &c. and the free chapel of Hadley al's Monken 
Hadley, held of the Queen in capite, to Ralph Woodcock citizen and 
alderman of London and Solomon Pordage b gent, to the use of the said 
William Kympton his heirs and assigns for ever. The occasion of this con- 
veyance was most probably the marriage of Robert Kympton and Margery 
daughter of Ralph Woodcock ; Solomon Pordage the co-trustee having married 
Ursula, another daughter. Woodcock had succeeded Kympton in the ward 
of Portsoken, but was afterwards transferred to Coleman Street. He served 
the office of sheriff in 1580, 11 and died early in September 1586, his will being 
dated on the 1st of that month and proved, 6 P.C.C. by his son Thomas on the 7th. 
His birthplace is therein stated to have been Holmes Chapel, in Cheshire, and he 
desires to be buried in the parish church of Our Lady, in Aldermanbury, where 
he now dwells, near his late wife Helen, "requiring my executor to rayse a 
Tombe with the figure of me my wives and xxiiij children." The will contains a 
bequest to his son in law Robert Kympton of " three hundred poundes, in per- 
formaunce of the promise and covenant to hym made at the marriage of my 
daughter now his wief." 

Mr. William Kympton was chosen a governor of the Barnet Grammar School 
10 Oct. 1591, and was among those present when his son Robert was elected 
27 March 1598. He was living 10 Sep. 1601, though absent from a meeting then 
held, but deceased previous to 24 Feb. 1608/ Burghley writes from the Court 
to Walsingham, 14 Aug. 1587, that he means to ride this night to Barnet, to 



a Pat, 24 Eliz. p*. 9. m. 12. Dec. 1. 

b Lysons erroneously substitutes the name of Simon Hayes for that of Solomon Pordage, and is quite 
at fault in relation to the vicissitudes of the manor until its acquisition by the Hon. Vere Booth a century 
later. (Lysons iii. 518.) 

c Rep. 20 ff. 96, 97 b ; Rep. 21 f. 48; Town Clerk's Office, Guildhall. 

d B. B. Orridge. e Book Windsor 47. 

f Grammar Sch. Minute Book. 



56 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

alderman Kympton's house. a The alderman had, however, resigned his gown at 
an earlier date, as has been already mentioned. 

Prom time immemorial the privilege of common on Enfield Chace has been a 
fruitful source of controversy, and in the days of Elizabeth, no less than in our own, 
occasions arose in which it gave rise to contention. The records of the Duchy of 
Lancaster exhibit the worthy alderman in the light of a strenuous maintainer of 
his manorial franchises. On 26 May,1582, b 24 Eliz. he bases certain claims on the 
fact that " the Manor or Lordship of Hadley in auncient tyme was knowen by 
the name of the heremytage of Hadley and was sometime pcell of the possessions 
of the late dissolved monastery of Walden." Six years later (30 Eliz,) the alle- 
gations made against him on the score of infringement of the right of common 
and of unlicensed building seem to have been brought forward according to due 
course of law. We meet with an answer c of William Kympton, citizen and late 
alderman of London, to an information against him preferred on Her Majesty's 
behalf, and on the behalf of Her Majesty's tenants of Enfield, by John Spurling 
esq. serjeant of Her Majesty's Court of the Duchy of Lancaster. The defendant 
asserts a right to free common of pasture for all commonable beasts sanz nomber, 
levant et couchant, within his manor of Hadley, at all seasons of the year, 
without payment, and alleges that he has been accustomed to take certain loads 
of JBruse Wood upon the day of April called the view day, paying to Her 
Majesty's use twelve pence for every load. And he justifies these claims by the 
fact that he stands in the place of the late dissolved monastery of Walden and, 
by virtue of divers mesne conveyances since the original grant to Sir Thomas 
Audeley, holds his manor, bordering upon the chace, in as large a manner as if it 
were still in the hands of the abbot. He goes on to state that, by force of the 
said title of prescription, ten kine and about twenty or forty sheep represent his 
reasonable common of pasture ; and that he is in the habit of taking annually 
some four loads of JBruse Wood, and no more, for his necessary firewood and 
fuel to be had and expended at his house in Hadley. Dealing in the next place 
with the accusation that he has erected new tenements to the number of twenty, 
he replies that " the vicar or curate of the same church of Hadley being an 

a State Papers Dom. Lemon. 1581—1590, p. 422. 

'» Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings, 24 Eliz. vol. lxxix. p. 71. Attorney General, &c. v. W. Kympton. 

c Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings, vol. cviii. No. 32. 30 Eliz. 

In 1613, 11 James, a warrant was issued to the earl of Salishury for the reviving of a Court of 
Round-hedge within the chace of Enfield. The people of Hadley, Edmonton, and Minims, had previously 
made an appeal for this (24 Eliz.). 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 57 

honest and learned preacher, whereof this defendant is patron, not having any 
convenient place or dwelling house to abide in, he this defendant did about ten 
years past, upon his own soil in the said town of Hadley, erect, build, and set up 
three or four several little tenements or dwelling houses, in one of which he this 
defendant hath placed and settled the said curate or vicar to dwell in, and in the 
other three tenements hath settled three other honest and quiet livers, such as 
depend and maintain themselves and their families by their trade and several 
occupations." 

The will of Robert Kympton, of London, gent, eldest son of the alderman, is 
dated 15 Sep. 1624. a His wife, Mary Woodcock, must have predeceased him. 
To the three children of his brother Thomas Hitchcocke b (William, Edward, and 
George) he gives the lease of his house and garden in Goldsmiths' Alley London, 
wherein he now dwells, equally between them. All his lands and tenements, as 
well at Hadley as elsewhere, are bequeathed to his loving kinsmen William 
Kympton and William Hitchcocke and their heirs equally. The William Kympton 
just mentioned, his younger brother, did not long survive him. His will, in 
which he is described as of Hadley gent. " weake in body," is dated 26 May 1G25. 
1 Charles, and was proved P.C.C. 8. June 1625 c by Catharne the widow. To 
her he bequeathed for life all and singular his lands and tenements in Hadley 
and South Minims, in the City of London and wheresoever, the same to descend 
afterwards to his sons in law William Oxcnbridge and Mary his wife and Thomas 
Hilliard and Elizabeth his wife and to their heirs equally. He states that he 
has already assured to his son Robert and the heirs of his body an annuity of 
£40, issuing out of his lands at Hadley, after the decease of his widow. To the 
poor people of the town of Hadley £5 is given " to be ymployed in a continewall 
Stocke for their use." To Ely Tournor minister of Hadley he leaves £5, to his 
wife forty shillings, to Bridget Tournor his god-daughter £3, and to the other 
children of the said Ely Tournor ten shillings each. His wife Catharine is appointed 
sole executrix and Thomas Hilliard and his loving kinsman Thomas Kympton d 
overseers, Ely Tournor being one of the witnesses. 

a Proved P.C.C. 22 Sep. 1624 by Rowland Squire sole executor. Book Byrde 81. 

b Thomas Hitchcocke, gent, was an active Governor of the Barnet Grammar School. He held lands in 
Hadley of the value of x lj , circa 1584. Harl. MS. 366 f. 78 b . 

c Book Clark 65. June 5, 1625, Mr. William Kempton bur. Hadley Par. Reg. 

d The family of Kympton was widely spread, as we learn by their wills, over the northern part of Hertford- 
shire, at Weston and in its neighbourhood. A Thomas Kympton, lately deceased in 1636 (Vide supra pp. 18. 
20) occupied a house at Cockfosters in right of Elizabeth his wife, and was probably the person here alluded to. 

H 



58 



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The Parish of Monken Hadley. 59 

About three years before his death Robert Kympton, then described as of 
Woolwich co. Kent esq. had by indenture, dated 1 Sep. 19 Jac. a.d. 1621% being 
seised in his demesne as of fee, sold to Thomas Emerson of Monken Hadley esq. 
and Nicholas Hawes of London gent, the manor of Monken Hadley als Hadley, 
as well as a free chapel called Monken Hadley, and the advowson, donation, free 
disposal and right of patronage of the same (una cum advocacione donacione 
libera disposicione et jure patronatus p'dce libere capelle et ecclesie de Hadley) 
together with a capital messuage and five acres of land, and certain closes called 
Upper and Nether Brickfield, Upper and Nether lofts land, Bakers and Stock- 
field, containing by estimation 30^ acres &c. all which premisses were already in 
the occupation of the said Thomas Emerson. Erom this sale were excepted 1 " and 
reserved by Robert Kympton divers messuages at Hadley in the respective 
tenures or occupations of Mounsloe (with 20 acres of land), Hunte, Yonge, Huck- 
lowe, William Kympton gent, (with 3 acres), Smyth, Dodd, Rippon, Gale gent. 
(with 3 acres) Nightingale, Offlett (with 3 acres), Tibballs, Apslyn, Cowper, Rolfe, 
Yonge, Ball, Percy e, d Robbes, Throppe, and Rowland Backhouse gent, (with 
8 acres). 

Mr. Emerson, before acquiring possession of the manor, had been a liberal 
benefactor to the church, and it must have been with a pang of deep regret that 
Mr. Ely Tournor wrote down the entry in the burial register : 

1624 June 20. Thomas Emersom armig. dominus huius manerii et donator huius libri, est 
sepultus. 

In this one instance only does Mr. Tournor depart from his custom of making 
the entries in English. To the generous lord of the manor he concedes the 
distinction of Latin. 

The date of the earliest extant register is 1619, when a book was given for 
the purpose by Mr. Emerson. It contains the following title in the handwriting 
of Mr. Ely Tournor : Incipit Ely Tourno r (Deo auspicante) decimo tertio die 

a Inrolled 23 Nov. 19 James. 

b The enumeration of these excepted messuages goes some way towards supplying a list of the inha- 
bitants of Hadley at that time. 

c This was Mr. John Gale, who will be mentioned hereafter. 

d John Peirsye witnessed the will of Mr. William Kympton. 

e 31 Aug. 1624. Admin, granted to Jane Emerson, relict of Thomas Emerson, esq. late of Hadley co. 
Middlesex deceased. 

h2 



60 The Parish of Menken Hadley. 

niensis Martii Anno doi 1618 (1618-9). There is also a list, in the same hand, 
of this and other benefactions of the patron at this date. 

" This booke was the free gift of Thomas Emersom, Esq. sometimes 1/ of the Mannor of this 
parish of Hadly, and this booke was given in the yeare of o r L d 1619. 

Ite in the same yeare he gave to the use of the poore of this parish of Hadley the some of 

thirty pounds of lawfull english mony, the pfitts thereof yearly to be given to the poore. 
Ite in the same yeare at his owne pp coste he beawtified the Chancell and both the Isles, and 

the whole body of the Church with wanescott pews and sieled the church with wanescott. 
Ite in the same yeare he sieled the Chancell. 

Ite in the same yeare he built the screene betwixt the Chancell and the Church. 
Ite he built the pulpitt, and the cover for the font the same yeare, and all this at his owne pp 

coste. 
Ite in the same yeare he gave the Clock and Clockhouse and sett it up at his own pp coste. 
Ite in the same yeare the said Thomas Emersom gave three pieces of plate, that is to say one 

faire guilt spout pott, one Comunion Cupp with a Cover all guilt, one guilt plate for the 

bread at the Comunion, with a Cover to putt the said plate into. 
Ite at the same time the said Thomas Emersom gave a faire greene Carpett with silk frindg for 

the Comunion table. 
Ite he gave a faire damaske table Cloth for the Comunion table and also a damaske napkin. 
Ite a faii'e greene velvet Coishon for the pulpitt, with a greene Cover. 
Ite he gave a faire trunck to put these ornaments into. 
Ite he gave the Comunion table. 

The said Thomas Emersom, Esq. departed this mortall life the 18 th day of June 1623 (sic), 
and lieth buried in the north Isle of this parish church of Hadly under the north window of the 
said Isle. 

Judged by the standard of an improved taste these renovations were no doubt 
barbarisms, and what the eyes of simple Ely Tournor regarded with complacency 
would have met with unreserved condemnation in our own day. Still Mr. 
Emerson dedicated, we may be sure, the best in his power and, like David of 
old, in the matter of Araunah's threshing floor, would have scorned to offer unto 
the Lord his God of that which had cost him nothing. The actors in any given 
age, however uncongenial to them, cannot shake themselves altogether free from 
its prejudices. We must place ourselves in imagination in the year of grace 1619, 
in order to estimate aright what might or might not then have been done. 

In 1619 the tide which, in the latter portion of Elizabeth's reign, had set 
steadily towards Puritanism, was now widening its channel and flowing apace, 
soon to carry everything before it — church, crown, constitution — in the reaction 
against Home and prerogative. Laud vainly endeavoured to stem it a few years 



The Parish of MonTcen Sadler/. 61 

later, and aesthetic beauty stood little chance of being understood, much less con- 
sidered, under any circumstances where the merest utility was in question. The 
erection of a screen seems notwithstanding to indicate a certain amount of respect 
for ecclesiastical arrangement, unless the object were simply to separate from the 
rest that portion of the sacred edifice to which the lord and patron laid claim. 
At the same time we know that Ely Tournor was himself deprived under the Com- 
monwealth, and any influence he may have possessed, at the period of which we 
are now speaking, may consequently have been, as far as it extended, on the 
side of decency and order. Those wainscot pews synchronized nevertheless with 
the introduction of that new order of things when parishioners, and even non- 
parishioners, if persons of weight and dignity/ were permitted to fence off such 
unsightly inclosures for the benefit of themselves and their families, and to erect 
galleries here there and everywhere, in defiance of the most elementary principles 
of architectural design. It is likely too that the wainscot ceiling now first inter- 
vened between the worshippers and the timbered roof of Tudor times, and that 
the beautiful arch between nave and tower was now first concealed from view. 
These evidences of his handiwork have all been swept away, but the name of 
Emerson will not be forgotten, so long as the Communion plate which he 
bestowed is still in use to attest his munificence. The family arms are visible 
upon the three pieces given by him: Az. on a bend arg. three torteaux. 

The connection of this family with the parish was not of long duration. The 
register records the burial of Mr. Thomas Emerson, probably a grandson, 31 Dec. 
1624, and by letters patent dated 2 Jan. 2 Car. a.d. 1627, the Sovereign gave his 
royal licence to Jane Emerson widow, Thomas Emerson esq. son and heir of 
Thomas Emerson esq. deceased, and Nicholas Hawes gent, to alienate the manor 
and free chapel to Michael Grigge esq. of London and Mary his wife, during 
their lives and the life of the longest liver of them, and afterwards to their heirs 
and assigns for ever, to be held of the King his heirs and successors in capite p 
servicia inde debita et de jure consueta. On the 15 of the same month, b by virtue 
of the letters patent, Michael Grigge and Mary his wife became the purchasers of 
the premises in question, and on the ensuing 12 Eeb. (Hil. T. 2 Car. I.) presented 
themselves in person and demanded seisin. 

a Witness Mr. Henry Coventry of West Lodge. Supra p. 26. 

b The deed was inrolled 5 Feb. 2 Car. 

De Michaele Grigge & Uxore occasional ad ostendendum quo Titulo tenent Manerium de Hadley, 
in Comitatu Middlesexite. Hilarij Recorda. 2 Car. I. Rotulo 227. Lord Treasurer's Remembrancers of 
Exchequer. Memoranda. Hil. 2 Car. I. No. 8. at Record Office. 



62 The Parish of Ifonken Hadley. 

On one later occasion only are the Emersons met with in connection with 
Hadley. A deed still extant, 3 under the date of 30 Aug. 1626, 2 Car. and made 
between Thomas Emerson of Monken Hadley co. Middx. esq. and Jane Emer- 
son, mother of the said Thomas Emerson, of the parish and county aforesaid, 
widow, of the one part, and Ely Tournor of Hadley aforesaid Clerk and minister 
of God's word there, John Gale, Thomas Sadler, John Howkins, Godfrey Maid- 
well, Robert Boucher, Erancis Atkinson, of Monken Hadley, gentlemen, Thomas 
Eletcher, Thomas Prudden, Richard Gould the elder, John Sage the younger, 
Thomas Bigg, John Pierson, and Thomas Huckle of Monken Hadley, yeomen, 
of the other part, witnesses that Thomas and Jane Emerson, in consideration of 
£40 b paid to them by the said fourteen persons, bargain and sell all that 
messuage or tenement with a gprden, then in the tenure of William Bowman, To 
have and to hold the same for ever, upon trust, nevertheless, to "ymploie all and 
every the anuall yssues and promtts of all and singuler the said premisses to and 
for theComon good benefitt and advantage of y e Inhabitants of the said parish." 
Provision is made that so often as the number of Co-feoffees is reduced to six, 
the vacancies are to be supplied by the inhabitants, and the vendors constitute 
William Cattle of Hadley, yeoman, their attorney to enter into and deliver up 
the premisses to the Co-feoffees. 

In a report of the Commissioners of Inquiry concerning charities, dated 23 
Jan. 1823, it was found that the trust had been duly kept up agreeably to the 
provisions, that the premises had been demised in 1728 to Charles Poulton for 
99 years, from Michaelmas 1719, at 40s. per ann : and that the lease having 
become vested in Andrew Hopegood, he surrendered the same, on condition of 
receiving a new lease for 61 years from Lady Day 1808, at an annual rent of £8. 
The premises consisted of a small house and garden, abutting east and south on 
the premises of the said Andrew Hopegood, and formed the eastern portion of 
the present residence of E. H. Hay, esq. who holds of the Hopegood family. In 
pursuance of a resolution of the Trustees made in April 1809 the rent was applied 
to the purchase of coals for the church stove. It had previously been laid out in 
coals for the poor. The house was afterwards sold to meet the contribution 

a In the possession of the late Francis Vere Hopegood, esq. 

b Mention is frequently made in early times of the parish stock, which was probably the aggregate 
of divers legacies and benefactions. It is not unlikely that the purchase money Avas supplied from this 
source. 

c Rector's Churchwarden since Easter 1868 to the present time. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 63 

required of Hadley towards the erection of the Barnet Union House, and this 
Charity, which had been known as Emerson's, thus came to an end. 

Mrs. Jane Emerson was buried at Hadley 29 Eeb. 1628/ and her son Thomas 
Emerson esq. 30 Sep. 1631. h The grave had consequently closed over three 
generations, each bearing the same Christian and surname, within the short 
interval of seven years. 

Concerning Mr. Michael Grigge's tenure of the manor and patronage of the 
free chapel nothing has come down to us. Neither have I been able to discover 
the date and circumstances of their next transfer. Clutterbuck, in mentioning 
the marriage of Rechard Grigge, his daughter, to Richard Peacocke esq/ 1 of 
Einchley, lord of the manor of Totteridge, says that he was a London alderman, 
but the name is not met with in the lists. Both he and his son-in-law were 
elected Governors of the Barnet Grammar School 29 May 1634. It was during 
his connection with Hadley that the country was convulsed by the Civil War, 
and its vicissitudes had affected the little village in the deprivation of Mr. Ely 
Tournor. The name occurs only once in the parish register, but that of South 
Mimms contains the marriage of his daughter Mary, 23 Dec. 1646, and Sir 
Richard Gamon/ whom his brother-in-law, Richard Peacocke, under date of 28 
Peb. 1664, constituted one of the overseers of his will. The will of Anthony 
Grigge, citizen and goldsmith of London, in which he bequeaths everything to 
his loving father Mr. Michael Grigge, was proved 9 Oct. 1621, g but several 
members of the familv died intestate. 11 Letters of administration were granted, 

a 15 Nov. 1028. Admin, granted to John Emerson, son of Thomas Emerson of Hadley, esq. of goods 
unadministered by Jane his relict, now also deceased. 

25 Nov. 1G28. Admin, granted to John Emerson the son of Jane Emerson, widow, late of the parish 
of St. Andrew's Holborn, deceased. 

b 2 Dec. 1G31. Admin, granted to Mary, relict of Thomas Emerson of Ratcliff in the parish of Stepney 
co. Midd. esq. deceased. 

c Hist, of Hertfordshire ii. 449. 

a Buried at Finchley, 15 Aug. 1671. Will proved P.C.C. by Rechard Peacocke, the relict, 1 Nov. 
1G71. Book Duke 127. Mr. Thomas Peacocke, son of Richard Peacocke esq. was bur. at Hadley 12 
Aug. 1641. Par. Reg. 

18 Aug. 1636, Joseph son of Michael Grigg and Mary his wife bapt. 

f His name is not amongst the knights made by Charles I. between 1625 — 1645. Lansd. MS. 
870 f. 68. 

s P.C.C. Book Dale 84. 

h 5 March 1656-7. Admin, of Michael Grigge, late in the parts beyond the sea, bachelor, granted to 
Benjamin his brother, to administer what has been left unadministered by Abraham, his late brother, the 
former admin. having been in Nov. 1645. 



64 The Parish of Monkcn Hadley. 

31 Jan. 1650-1, to Abraham, son of Michael Grigge, deceased, late of the parish 
of St. Gregory in the city of London, the relict renouncing. A few years 
later, 16 Nov. 1657, there was a renewal of the same to Benjamin, another son, 
in consequence of Abraham's death, a Mary the widow again renouncing. 

Some obscurity hangs over the dealings of this period. The last recorded act 
of Michael Grigge bears the date of 23 July 1650, b when he, with John Langham, c 
of London, esq. Sir Edmund Pye, d of St. Martin's in the fields, knt. and bart. Sir 
Thomas Allen, of Pinch ley, knt. Richard Peacocke, of Pinchley, esq. and John 
Musters, of Lincoln's Inn co. Middx. esq. bargained and sold the White Bear to 
Edward Nicholls, of South Mimms, yeoman. This could not have been long 
before his death, and his widow, who possessed, as we have seen, an interest in 
the manor and free chapel during their joint lives and the life of the survivor, 
was still living. We find, notwithstanding, in the parliamentary survey of 1650, e 
that the Commissioners returned Monken Hadley as a Donative presentative and 
that Aston esq. hath the presentation thereof. 

There was at this period residing at Hadley one William Ashton son and heir 
of William Ashton esq. of Tingrith in Bedfordshire. He married Mary, the 
surviving daughter of Henry Ewer, of South Mimms, by whom he had an only 
child, also named Mary, who was one year old in 1634.' At a later date we find 
his widow in possession of the manor house, with a life interest therein, of which 
an intimation is likewise met with in Harl. MS. 5801 f. 28. s Mr. Ashton died 
3 Oct. 1651, having signed his will b the previous day, and was buried at Hadley, 

a 13 Feb. 1656-7. Admin, of Abraham Grigge, late of Warfield, co. Berks, esq. grunted to Margaret 
his widow. 

b Vide supra p. 46, note c . 

c Eldest son of Edward Langham, of Gillesborough, and born at Northampton in 1584. Alderman of 
Portsoken Ward, and thence transferred to Bishopsgate. Elected a Governor of the Barnet Grammar 
School, as of Hadley, 20 July 1637. Cr. a baronet 7 June 1660. Died 13 May 1671 at Crosby House 
in Bishopsgate Street. Will proved P.C.C. 21 June 1671. (Book Duke 79.) The name appears in the 
Hadley register in 1636-7. See Burke's Peerage. Harl. MSS. 1358, f. 12 b ; 1476, f. 84; 5533, f. 134. 
Clarendon's Hist, of the Rebellion, iii. 333. 

d Edmund Pye, esq. of Leckhampstead and Bradenham co. Bucks, cr. a bart. 27 Apr. 1641, d. s.p.m. 1673. 

Parliamentary Surveys, Lambeth Libr. vol. xii. 134. 

£ Harl. MSS. 1234 f. 138 b ; 1546 f. 112. Hist, of South Mimms. 

s Le Neve's Knights. Cf. Harl. Soc. Pub. vol. viii. 87. 

h Proved P.C.C. 14 Nov. 1651 by Mary Ashton, the relict. Book Grey 201. He leaves all his land 
in Faversham in Kent to his daughter Mary and her heirs for ever, speaks of his mother as still alive, of 
his brother Robert, of William eldest son of his brother George, of his sister Elizabeth deceased, and of 
his sister Worsop. 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 65 

though no entry occurs in the register, at this time very defective. The tablet 
to his memory described him as one, " who injured no man and departed in 
peace.'" 1 As the sequel shews, such a departure may have been enviable, for a 
few years afterwards Mrs. Ashton contracted a second marriage with Sir Edward 
Tumor" or Tumour, who had been elected Speaker of the House of Commons 
in 1661, and became Chief Baron 23 May 1671. In an evil hour for his happiness 
this eminent lawyer espoused the widow, — in his case likewise it was a second 
marriage, — and the terms of a bequest in his will indicate that the union turned 
out unfortunately. At the same time, being a just man, he could not find it in 
his heart to pass her over altogether without notice. Accordingly, having taken 
care that her jointure should be secured to her, he leaves her £20 to purchase a 
mourning ring, coupled with his forgiveness of all her past unkindness. 

Previously, however, to September 1661, the manor and patronage of the 
donative had become the property of the family of Hayes/ 1 John Hayes esq. of 
Hadley, citizen and Salter of London, in his will, dated the 14 of that month, 
"being sicke in body," devises all that the manor of Hadley aVs Monken Hadley, 
and the capital messuage or manor house there, and the advowson of the church 
of Hadley aVs Monken Hadley, and all other the messuages &c. at Hadley, and 
all that the manor of Meshaw aVs Meshath aVs Meshwitt co. Devon &c. and the 
messuage called Mynch in Bradford in the parish of Witheridge co. Devon, and 
lands at Ridge co. Herts, occupied by John Huddle the younger (excepting only 
a freehold messuage &c. at Leighton Buzzard, which he gives to his wife Mar- 
garet for life), to his executrix and overseers in trust for sale, to secure the 
payment of his debts and legacies. Should any portion of the preceding remain 
unsold, he settles it upon his son John and the heirs male of his body, 
with remainder to his sons William, Simon, Samuel, James, and Benjamin in 
succession, limited in like manner, with remainder to their heirs female, and 
with an ultimate remainder to his daughters Bridget, Elizabeth, Margaret, and 

a MS. Peter le Neve, Norroy King of Arms. Monnmenta Anglicana, by John le Neve. a.d. 1718. 

b Ancestor, through females, of the Tumours, earls of Winterton. He was born in Threadneedle 
Street in 1G17, the eldest son of Arthur Turnor, Serjeant at law. 

c The marriage must have taken place before 22 May 1665, when Mrs. Joan Ewer, the mother of 
Lady Mary Turnor, speaks of him, in her will, as her son-in-law, and for some reason appears to have 
regarded him with disfavour. P.C.C. Book Carr 19. 

ll Benjamin, son of John Hayes esq. was bapt. 26 March 1657. Hadley Par. Reg. 

e Proved P.C.C. 22 Nov. 1661 by Margaret, the relict, sole executrix. Book May 179. On 6 June 
1664 a commission was issued to John Hayes esq. the son, to administer what was left unadministered by 
Margaret the widow, deceased. 

I 



66 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 



Rebecca and their heirs. To his daughter Bridget he gives £L5Q0, to his 
daughters Elizabeth and Margaret £1000 each, and to Rebecca £800, the three 
younger daughters being under age. To his son William and his heirs for 
ever he devises the messuage or inn called the Rose and Crown and Mitre in 
Chipping Barnet, and he stipulates that his four younger sons shall be kept at 
school until they are fifteen years of age, and then apprenticed. To the poor of 
Hadley there is a bequest of £5 and an equal sum to the poor of High Barnet. 
A codicil gives authority to his executrix to grant leases for 21 years or three 
lives. 

$*digt[M Of HAYES.* 



= John Hayes, of=p- 
Puddington, 
co. Devon. 
1 



- dau. of — 
Stukeley. 



I 

Edward 
Hayes, of 
Pudding- 
ton, eldest 



John Hayes, of=^=Elizabeth, dau. of Cooper, 

Puddington. j of Glympton, co. Oxon. 
, L_ . 



John Hayes, = 
2 son, of Lon- 
don, salter, 
1634. Died 
8 Oct. 1661. 



=Margaret. Robert. 



William, : 
deceased 
in Sep. 
1661. 



Daniel. 



1 

Frances, 
mar. John 
Rad ford 
of Chens- 
ford, co. 
Devon. 



Eliza- 
beth. 



Margaret, mar. 
Hugh Melhuish 
of Chumleigh, 
co. Devon, 
gent. 



1 

Anne. 



John Hayes. 
Bur. at 
Hadley 
27 Sep. 
1670. 



William. 



Simon. Bur. 
at Hadlev 
4 Feb. 
1691-2. 



— l 1 

Samuel. James. 



Benjamin. Bapt. at 
Hadley 26 of 
March 1657. b 



Bridget. 
Elizabeth. 
Margaret. 
Rebecca. 



William, 
living 
Sep. 1661. 



Mary, bapt. at Hadley, 
20 Jan. 1666-7. 



John, bapt. at Hadley, 
15 Dec. 1667. 



Phoebe, bapt. at Hadley, 
29 Oct. 1669. 



Mr. Hayes had constituted his "worthy friend," Sir Edward Turnor knt. c one 
of the overseers of the will, and in the rate book of 1678 d we find Lady Mary 
Turnor occupying the manor house for her life, probably by virtue of the power 
created by the codicil. However this may have been, she carried herself in that 
position with a high hand. The parish records speak of her as the lady of the 
manor, and in Eebruary 1693-4 she appears to have taken possession of the 



a Harl. MS. 1476 f. 458 b . Visitation of London 1633, 1634. A marginal note states that the arms 
are respited for a fortnight for proof. Cf. Harl. MS. 1538 f. 96 b . Burke's General Armory gives for the 
bearings of Hayes of Hadley, Az. on a pale or, three bulls' heads couped sa. 

b Admin, of the goods of Benjamin Hayes, bachelor, late of the ship Bengal, merchant, in the East 
Indies, was granted, 7 Oct. 1678, to Simon Hayes, the brother and next of kin. 

c He died on circuit at Bedford, 4 March 1676. 

(1 With the exception of the year 1668, this is the earliest date, to which these records go back. She 
may have taken up her abode at Hadley upon becoming a widow for the second time. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 07 

church key and to have delivered the same to Mr. Lee, when appointed to 
succeed Mr. Tayler. The patronage had, notwithstanding, passed previously to 
this, at least by way of mortgage, from the Hayes family to the Hon. Vere Booth. 
This lady was the only child (by his first marriage with Lady Katharine Clinton, 
dau. and coheir of Theophilus earl of Lincoln), of Sir George Booth bart. cr. a 20 
Apr. 1661, baron Delamere, of Dunham Massie co. Chester, in recognition of his 
past services to the royal cause. Her father, dying 8 Aug. 1684, b was succeeded 
by her half-brother Henry, 2nd baron, who played so conspicuous a part in the 
events which led to the accession of "William and Mary. A Whig of some 
eminence, he had been committed to the Tower on an accusation of having been 
concerned in Monmouth's insurrection, and in the month of Dec. 1685 was 
brought to trial in the Lord High Steward's court and acquitted. The law was 
strained to the utmost to procure a condemnation, whilst Jeffreys, who presided, 
owed him a personal grudge, and bore himself with extreme insolence and injus- 
tice towards the prisoner. After the acquittal Lady Rachel Russell wrote to 
her correspondent, Dr. Pitzwilliam, 15 Jan. 1686, "I do bless God that he has 
caused some stop to be put to the shedding of blood in this poor land." On 
16 Nov. 1688 he took up arms in Cheshire in behalf of the Prince of Orange, 
and on the 17 of the following month was sent with Halifax and Shrewsbury 
from William, then at Windsor, to James, to demand the fallen monarch's removal 
from Whitehall. He married Mary dau. and sole heiress of Sir James Langham 
bart. c of Cottesbrooke, and in April 1690 was advanced to the dignity of earl of 
Warrington.' 1 

By indenture bearing date 7 March 1683-4 Simon Hayes, therein described 
as citizen and druggist of London, being entitled to the fee simple of the estate, 

a The elder son of William Booth, who had died 26 Apr. 1636 in the lifetime of his father Sir George 
Booth, the first baronet, by Vere, second daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Egerton, eldest son of Thomas, 
visconnt Brackley, Lord Chancellor. Burke's Ext. Peerage. 

b Will dated 1 Aug. 1671 ; proved P.C.C. 14 Jan. 1698 by George, earl of Warrington, his grandson. 

c The son and successor of Sir John Langham, 1 st . bart. of Cottesbrooke, co. Northants (supra p. 64 
note c ). The will of Sir James Langham was proved by dame Dorothy, his widow, P.C.C. 15 Sep. 1699 
(Book Pett 147). 

d Macaalay, Hist, of England ii. 36. 38. 40. 511. 581. iii. 539. Burke's Extinct Peerage. Clarendon 
remarks that a little thing sufficed to put lord Delamere into a passion. In a poem entitled the King of 
Hearts, he is described as " a restless malcontent even when preferred," whilst his countenance itself fur- 
nished a subject for satire: 

" His boding looks a mind distracted show; 
And envy sits engraved upon his brow." 

12 



68 The Parish of MonTeen Hadley. 

subject to the life interest of dame Mary Turnor, mortgaged the same to the 
Hon. Vere Booth, of the parish of St. Giles' in the Fields, to secure the sum of 
£1600. The indenture in question conveys " all that the manor of Hadley aVs 
Munken Hadley and the Courts & Perquisites thereto belonging ; and all that 
capital messuage or Manor House situate and being in Hadley aVs Munken 
Hadley aforesaid &c. then or then late in the possession of dame Mary Turnor 
her undertenants and assignee, & all those 14 acres of meadow and pasture 
ground therewith enjoyed or thereunto belonging & all those two messuages 
then or late in the several tenures of — Howard and of her the said dame Mary 
Turnor, & all other the messuages &c. of him the said Simon Hayes expectant 
upon the death of the said dame Mary Turnor" &c. 

Mr. Simon Hayes was buried at Hadley 4 Feb. 1691-2, and a year afterwards, 
7 Feb. 1692-3, letters of administration of the goods of Simon Hayes, late of 
Hadley, bachelor, deceased, were granted to the Hon. Vere Booth, Spinster." 
In the mean time we may surmise that dame Mary Turnor reigned supreme as 
titular lady of the manor, and no doubt caused her will to be felt. This singular 
person, whose remarkable testament will be found in the History of South Mimms, 
to which her own family more directly belonged, passed the latter years of her life at 
Hadley, and there died in January 1701. She was buried at South Mimms on the 
16 of that month, and must have lived to a very advanced age, b — a circumstance 
which may have aggravated, though it could scarcely have originated, her 
eccentricities. It is likely enough that Mrs. Vere Booth, residing at a distance, 
and having at best a deferred interest in the parish during Lady Tumor's lifetime, 
may have been content to let her act in all things without being interfered with. 

From the will c of Vere Booth herself it may be concluded that she had taken 
care to secure her reversion, by foreclosing the mortgage effected by Simon 
Hayes. It is at all events open to conjecture that there must have been a certain 
amount of doubt respecting the title. " I give devise and bequeath," she says in 
that instrument, wherein she is described as of Adderbury co. Oxon, spinster, 
" unto my dear brother the Hon. George Booth esq. and to the Bight Hon. the 
Lady Lucy Booth d his wife, and to their heirs executors administrators and 



* Act Book 1693, f. 22. *> Hist, of South Mimms 63 note b . 

c Dated 16 March, 1 Geo. a.». 1714-5, and proved P.C.C. 21 Feb. 1717-8. Book Tenison, 24. She 
was in her 74th year at the time of her decease. Burke's Extinct Peerage. 

d Daughter of Robert, viscount Bodmin (ob. v. p.) eldest son of John Robartes, earl of Radnor. 
Henry the only son of George and Lady Lucy Booth had died before his parents, unmarried. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 69 

assigns, the manor of Hadley aVs Monken Hadley in the county of Middlesex, and 
all and every other the manors messuages lands tenements and hereditaments 
whatsoever with their and every of their rights members and appurtenances, 
which have at any time heretofore been conveyed to me or to trustees for me by 
Simon Hayes, late of London druggist, or his trustees, as and for a security for 
£1600, principal money and interest, and all my estate right title and interest of 
in to or out of all and every the manors lands tenements and hereditaments, which 
I am or at the time of my death shall be any way intituled unto by virtue of any 
conveyance or assignment from the said Simon Hayes, or his trustees, or any 
claiming under him, or by virtue of any decree of foreclosure of the equity a of 
redemption of the manors lands and hereditaments mortgaged to or in trust for 
me by the said Simon Hayes, and all and every sum and sums of money that shall 
at the time of my death be due to me by virtue of any mortgage or mortgages 
from the said Simon Hayes and the whole benefit and advantage of the same." 

By indenture dated b 28 Oct. 1724 the Hon. George Booth, described as of St. 
James' Westminster, Lord of the Manor of Hadley, " did demise grant and to 
farm let, for 38^ years, to Percival Chandler, all the ground belonging to the Old 
Manor House of Hadley aforesaid together with all the stables and other build- 
ings (except the stone pavement which the said George Booth did thereby 
reserve to his own disposal) as also all the timber trees &c. and also all and 
singular the fish ponds and other ponds in and upon the Common belonging to 
the said manor of Hadley." In the will of Mr. Booth, a very brief document, 
published and declared 18 Feb. 1717, shortly after his acquisition of the manor, 
there is no mention of his wife Lady Lucy, who was probably already deceased. 
Commencing with the words, " Being in Christian charity with all the world," 
after a few small bequests, he appoints Mrs. Hester Pinney to be his sole 
executrix. In a codicil, dated 31 March 1726, he releases the same lady from all 
claims upon her and confirms the previous will, which was proved 4 July 1726.° 

a From the title deeds of the manor we learn that, in 1731, a suit in Chancery was instituted by the 
only son and heir at law of Thomas Hayes, nephew and heir at law of Simon Hayes, against Hester Pinney 
and the surviving executor of Vere Booth, to redeem the mortgage, but it does not seem to have been pro- 
ceeded with. It was alleged, to account for the delay, that, when Simon Hayes died, his nephew Thomas 
was in the East Indies, and died in Guinea, without returning to England, leaving plaintiff an infant. 

b Deeds belonging to the manor, to which access has been allowed me through the kindness of Mrs. 
Hyde, the present lady of the manor. 

By Hester Pinney, spinster. P.C.C. Book Plymouth 139. 



70 The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 

Hadley is not even mentioned in this will, which contains no disposition that 
might be construed to affect the manor. Hester Pinney seems, notwithstanding, 
to have assumed possession of it, as executrix, nor is there a trace of her title 
having been contested. There is a certain ambiguity as to her connection with 
Mr. George Booth. In the title deeds it is broadly asserted that she had been his 
mistress, but it is fair to remember that assertion is not proof. At the date of 
the will she had attained the mature age of fifty-nine, having been born, it is 
said, in 1658 ; besides continuing to live, as is undoubted, on terms of intimate 
relationship with her own family. She was the eighth of ten children of 
Mr. John Pinney, a nonconformist minister, who, having originally received 
episcopal ordination, renounced it under the Commonwealth, and was re-ordained 
by the Presbyterians. Upon the ejection of Thomas Puller, he succeeded to 
the vicarage of Broadwinsor, in Dorsetshire. Dr. Puller, when he came back 
at the Restoration, is reported to have heard Mr. Pinney preach and to have 
found him so acceptable to his flock, that he declined to dispossess him. The 
Bartholomew Act nevertheless compelled him to retire, and he was subsequently, 
during ten years, pastor of a congregation in Dublin, only returning to England 
at the accession of James II. He resided for some years after this at Bettis- 
combe, in the parish of Broadwinsor, where he had property, and was there buried 
in 1705. On his tombstone he is, or was, described as John Pynney, gent. 
Minister of the Gospel. Calamy says of him that " he was much of a gentleman, 
a considerable scholar, a very facetious yet grave and serious companion, and an 
eloquent, charming preacher." 3 

It is evident that Hester Pinney had misgivings as to the security of her title 
under Mr. George Booth's will, and she adopted precautions in consequence with 
a view to strengthening it. With this object before her, by lease and release, 
dated 9 and 10 March 1737, wherein she was described as of the parish of St. 
Andrew's Holborn, in consideration of natural love and affection, she conveyed, 
subject to her life interest, to her nephew Azariah Pinney b of Bettiscombe co. 
Dorset esq. and his heirs for ever, the manor of Hadley, together with the capital 
messuage, formerly in the occupation of dame Mary Turnor, and 14 acres of land, 
as well as the advowson and perpetual donation of the church at Hadley. Her 
will, in which she was similarly described, dated 13 Peb. was proved P.C.C. 

a Nonconformists' Memorial ii. 119. 

b High Sheriff of Dorsetshire in 1749. Burke's Landed Gentry. 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 



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72 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

3 March a 1739-40 by her sister, Rachel Scrimshire or Scrimshaw, widow, and 
the said Azariah Pinney. 

Azariah Pinney, who had built for himself a good house at Bettiscombe, being 
now in possession, a fine was levied in Trinity term, 25 Geo. II. of the Hadley 
property, between Joseph Paull, b clerk, plaintiff, and the said Azariah and Jane 
his wife deforciants. He made his will 4 Jan. 1758-9 C and, having no issue, 
devised all his manors, messuages, advowsons, &c. to his cousin John Frederick 
Pinney d and his assigns for life, remainder to his sons and daughters successively 
in tail male, remainder to John Pinney, of Horwood, in the parish of Thorncombe, 
co. Devon, clothier, (who had married Sarah the sister of Azariah's brother-in-law 
Mr. Joseph Paull), and his heirs male, remainder to John Pretor, son of Michael 
Pretor, deceased, and his heirs male, remainder to the daughters of the said John 
Pinney of Horwood, remainder to the daughters of the said John Pretor ; the 
name of Pinney to be assumed in case of the succession of a female. He desired 
to be buried with his late wife in the chancel of the parish church of Wayford. 

The said John Frederick Pinney dying unmarried 11 Nov. 1762, aged 44, 
John Pinney f of Horwood entered, and died leaving John Pinney of Blackdown, 
esq. his only son, who accordingly became tenant in tail male, an estate which, 
by a common recovery, suffered in Michaelmas term, 20 Geo. III. 1779, he 
converted into one of fee simple. The result of this procedure was the eventual 
separation of the advowson from the manor, with which it had previously been 
held uninterruptedly during more than 200 years. William Baker esq. of 
Bayfordbury purchased the patronage of the donative of Mr. Pinney, 14 Sep. 
1786, and a few years afterwards, by lease and release of 14 and 15 Jan. 1791, 
the manor, together with the house formerly dame Mary Tumor's, and 14 acres 
of land, was sold to Peter Moore esq, of Hadley and Edward Moore, his brother, 

a Book Browne 85. Hester Pynney was bur. at Hadley 28 Feb. 1739-40. Hadley Par. Beg. 

b Probably Joseph Paul, of Trin. Coll. Oxford, B.A. 22 Feb. 1728. Azariah Pinney married the 
daughter of Joseph Paul, clerk. 

Proved P.C.C. 20 June 1760, by John Frederick Pinney esq. sole executor. Book Lynch 252. 

A The only surviving child of John Pinney, only son of Azariah Pinney of the island of Nevis in the 
"West Indies, merchant, by Mary his wife. John Pinney survived his father, Azariah, but died before he 
had proved his father's will. 

e Probably Joseph Paul of New College Oxford, B.A. 18 April 1755. 

f Letters of administration of the estate of Bernard Pynney of Thorncombe were granted, 27 May 
1676, to John the son. On 5 March 1736-7 was proved P.C.C. the will of John Pinney of Thorncombe, 
clothier, who left Ann his wife and a son and heir John, besides Mary, Richard, Ann, Hannah and 
Robert. He was possessed of a leasehold estate called Hewood or Heiwood, the same, no doubt, which is 
elsewhere called Horivood. (Book Wake 66.) 



The 'Parish of Monhen Hadley . 73 

to the use of the former. A further disintegration of the property took place in 
1795, when, Mr. Moore continuing to hold the manor, the house and 16 acres of 
land were purchased by Sir Charles Pole, bart. of London, as trustee for one 
Eleazar a Philip Salomons, then in occupation. In 1805 Sir Charles Pole, his sons 
and partners, and Eleazar Philip Salomons conveyed the house and land, still styled 
in the deed the Manor House, to Bennis Berry, of Dover St. who in 1809 
mortgaged it to Sir Charles Blicke and others. In 1810 it was sold to Mr. 
Nathaniel Harden, and in 1859, after several intermediate tenancies, passed from 
the Harden family into the possession of Louis Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt b 
esq. the police magistrate, its present owner. 

After parting with the house in 1795 Mr. Moore, as we have seen, retained 
the manor, consisting of little else than certain manorial rights over 28a. 0. 6. of 
uninclosed ground, now Hadley Green. His will, dated 11 May 1827, wherein 
he is described as of Edwards Street Portman Square, and by which he devised 
all his real and personal estate to his daughter, Maria Sarah Moore, spinster, 
subject to the payment of a legacy to his son Macartney Moore, was proved 3 
June 1828. In early life he had gone out to India in the civil service, and on 
his return furnished Burke and Sheridan with important materials for their attack 
upon the administration of Warren Hastings. This circumstance and the 
intimacy of his brother Edward with lord Holland brought him into relations 
with the leading members of the opposition, and he remained a staunch AVhig 
from first to last. Having previously sat 101* Tewkesbury, in 1802 he unsuccess- 
fully contested Coventry, but one of the members returned being unseated on 
petition, the seat was gained in the election that followed. It is said that this 
election cost him £25,000, but he continued to represent Coventry for twenty-five 
years, having for his colleague, during a portion of the time, the late Bight Hon. 
Edward Ellice. At the erection of Drury Lane Theatre he became Chairman of 
the Committee of management, and his well-known aptitude for business caused 
him in 1824 and 1825 to be much sought after by the projectors of new com- 
panies. His affairs becoming involved in consequence, he was compelled to 
leave England for the Continent in order to escape arrest. He first resided at 
Dieppe, occupying himself in writing the memoirs of his own life and times, but 

a Incapable at that time, as a Jew, of holding lands. 

b Third son of the late Right Hon. Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt, of Bayons Manor, Lincolnshire, M.P. 
fer Lambeth, and first cousin of Mr. Alfred Tennyson, the Poet Laureate. Burke's Landed Gentry; 
Tennyson d'Eyncourt, of Bayons Manor. 

c Died 20 Sep. 1863. 

K 



74 



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76 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

his mind was much harassed by his reverses, and he removed thence to Abbeville, 
where he died on the 5 May 1828, and was there buried." 

Nessun maggior dolore, 
Che ricordarsi del tempo felice 
Nella miseria. b 

In Nov. 1831, the Rev. William Moore, of Spalding, co. Lincoln, D.D. and 
the Rev. Charles Moore, of Moulton, co. Lincoln, clerk, as trustees for Maria 
Sarah Moore, sold the manor to John Bonus Child esq. for £300. Mr. Child 
died 10 July 1832, and after the decease of his relict, Mrs. Frances Child, in 
Feb. 1855, her residence, together with the manor, was purchased by the late 
Henry Hyde esq. of Ely Place Holborn, who, dying at Hadley 25 May 1877, aged 
68, was succeeded by Mrs. Julia Hyde, his widow, now lady of the manor. The 
house, in which Mr. Child resided, has been known as the manor-house since the 
date of his purchase. It was occupied for many years by William Makepeace 
Thackeray, esq. brother-in-law of Mr. Peter Moore and grandfather of the late 
distinguished author. The Indian Civil Service was largely recruited from both 
these families, as well as from the Garrows, resident at the same time at Hadley. 
Many, as will appear from the pedigrees, went out and never returned. 

THE EREE-CHAPEL AND DONATIVE. 

Whatever church or other ecclesiastical structure originally existed at Hadley, 
there can be little question of its direct dependence upon Walden Abbey. The 
references met with to a hermitage in very early documents, even so early as 
Geoffrey de Mandeville's grant, would seem to point to some monastic cell, on 
the outskirts of or embosomed in the great forest of North Middlesex, which, 
however founded in the first instance, was afterwards served by ecclesiastics 
connected with that monastery. It has been mentioned d above that, in certain 
benefactions of the Erowyk family, in the reigns of Edward III. and Richard II., 
they distinguished it by the appellation, not of the church of HadJey but, of 
Monkeschurch, and such a distinction was perhaps significant. Hadley may 
have been commonly regarded at that period less as a separate parish than as an 
outlying possession of the monks. In the deeds quoted from abbot Pentelowe's 

a Gent's Mag. vol. 98, p. 5G7. b Dante, Inf. v. 121. 

c Upon first coming into the neighbourhood we find him living at Kits End, or Kicks End, in the 
parish of South Mimms, where he probably preceded Mr. Francis Barronneau at New Lodge. South 
Mimms. Par. Reg. Hadley Par. Reg. Mr. Thackeray was elected a Governor of the Barnet Grammar 
School, G July 1782, and Mr. Peter Moore, 22 May 1790. 

d Supra, p. 7. 



The Parish of Moriken Hadley. 77 

chartulary we have seen that these possessions were gradually acquiring augmen- 
tation through the piety or superstition of the previous owners of the soil. It is 
scarcely to be expected that much additional light will be thrown upon this 
subject, but we at least possess the certainty that a church of some kind was 
erected here at a remote date, and that the little memorial brass relating to the 
Grene family, and still extant, formed a feature in it after the year 1442. The 
manor houses of Old Fold and Ludgraves already occupied the positions which 
still bear those names, and there may have been, but here we have only the 
merest tradition to rest upon, a building inhabited by the chaplain on the site of 
the residence now known as The Priory. a One is led to regret in this instance 
that there is nothing more solid than tradition to rest upon. 

The spot must have been picturesque enough in those early days. Many a 
wanderer through the wild and tangled chace would have rejoiced to hear the 
sound of the monks' bell and thereby draw an assurance that the little chapel of 
Our Lady of Hadley was not far distant, with the market town of Chipping 
Barnet beyond. Nor should considerations of a yet higher import be excluded 
from the reflection. In a rude unsettled age the testimony of religious truth 
was by this means preserved in many a remote and obscure region, where other- 
wise only the grossest darkness could have prevailed. The hunter, as he pursued 
his o-ame, or the woodman, whenever the note borne on the breeze arrested his 
uplifted axe, would have been conscious at all events that the sound had to do 
with the concerns of another state of existence and implied in some sort a 
summons from the world unseen. Ridicule may attach to many of the puerilities 
and vain superstitions that accompanied the decadence of the monastic system in 
England, whilst a stronger feeling than ridicule will be aroused in thoughtful 
minds over the recollection of its ignorance and immorality, but who that has 
read Macaulay's glowing tribute to the action of the monasteries during the dark 
middle ages can fail to contemplate the part they fulfilled with tender interest ? 
Even their bitterest detractors must allow that art and letters, with civilization 
in their train, were kept alive by such instrumentality, at a season when other- 
wise they must have perished out of the land. 

We must, however, pass on to the Reformation period, when it will be 
remembered that, in the conveyance of the manor by Robert Staunford to William 
Kympton, was included the free chapel of Monken Hadley . b The word donation 

a The illustrated copy of Lysons in the Guildhall Library contains a drawing of this house at the end 
of the last century, with an assumption that it belonged anciently to the Abbey of Walden. 
b Supra, p. 51. 



78 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

occurs in the nomination of Barnard Carrier to the cure, and the benefice is 
styled a Donative in the Parliamentary Survey of 1650. Concerning the origin 
and peculiar attributes of Free Chapels opinions have varied, but there can be no 
doubt that the distinction is grounded on their freedom or exemption from all 
ordinary jurisdiction, and it has been said that they may continue such, in point 
of exemption from ordinary visitation, though the Head or Members receive 
Institution from the Ordinary. a It would seem that they partook of the nature 
of private chapels, b founded by wealthy persons residing at some distance from 
their parish church, except that originally, either directly or indirectly, they 
were probably all of royal constitution; as if the King, for example, should 
license any subject to found such a chapel. Bishop Tanner says of them, — 
"Free chapels were places of religious worship, exempt from all ordinary 
jurisdiction, save only that the incumbents were generally instituted by the 
bishop, and inducted by the archdeacon of the place. Most of these chapels 
were built upon the manors and ancient demesnes of the crown, whilst in the 
King's hands, for the use of himself and retinue, when he came to reside there. 
And when the crown parted with those estates, the chapels went along with 
them, and retained their first freedom ; but some lords having had free chapels in 
manors that do not appear to have been ancient demesne of the crown, such are 
thought to have been built and privileged by grants from the crown." 

To meet the expenses of his wars with France and Scotland, Henry VIII., in 
1544, obtained a parliamentary grant of all chantries, colleges, hospitals, and free 
chapels, with the lands thereunto belonging, to be united to the crown. a Dying, 
however, before he had taken the benefit of this grant, the subject was again 
brought forward soon after his son's accession. On 6 Dec. 1547 c a bill with this 
object was brought into the House of Lords. It encountered a strong opposition 
from Cranmer on the one hand, and from the popish bishops on the other. The 
former, in the interest of the impoverished clergy, pleaded for delay until the 
majority of the Crown, but an Act was rapidly passed, 1 giving the King "all 
such colleges, free chapels, and chantries as were in being within five years of 

8 Gibson's Codex i. 210. 

b Treatise on the law relating to the Church and Clergy, by H. W. Cripps, 3rd ed. 1857, pp. 414-5. 
c Notit. Monast. Pref. 28. 

11 37 H. 8. c. 14. Heylyn, Ecclesia Restaurata i. 25, 102 (Ecclesiastical History Soc. 1849). 
e On 17 Nov. 1547, the rood was pulled down in St. Paul's and throughout England. Stow's Annals, 
ed. 1615, p. 595. 

1 1 Edw. G. c. 14. Heylyn i. 102 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 79 

the present Session, which were not in the actual possession of the said late King, 
&c. other than such as by the King's commissions should be altered, transported, 
& changed ; together with all manors, lands, tenements, rents, tithes, pensions, 
portions, and other hereditaments, to the same belonging ; after the feast of 
Easter then next coming." On 24 Dec. the parliament was prorogued. 11 

According to lord Herbert of Cherbury, b there were no fewer than 2374 free 
chapels and chantries and, at the beginning of March 1548 (2 Edvv. VI.), the 
King's commissioners were despatched into every county to take a survey of all 
that fell within the compass of the Act. c The example was not lost upon the 
nobility and laity in general, who had acquired the ownership of this description of 
patronage. Forgetting that they had only been intrusted with the presentations, 
they proceeded to take into their own hands the yearly profits of these benefices, 
reserving to themselves and their heirs a certain portion of the income. 11 As a 
result of this, the position of the incumbents, after the Reformation, became 
worse instead of better. While the abbeys stood, a small stipend had been 
allowed to chaplains out of the vicarage tithes, which they had the power of 
supplementing by fees, chiefly by singing masses for the deceased poor ; and 
masses, according to Burnet, went generally for two pence, a groat being 
esteemed a great bounty. These fees no doubt amounted, under favourable 
conditions, to no inconsiderable sum, sufficient, at all events, to furnish a 
maintenance adequate to the support of the chaplain or vicar. Bishop Latimer, 
in his sermons, describes vividly the mischiefs and abuses that followed. He 
denounces the gentry of that time as invading the property of the church, leaving 
the title only to the incumbent, and asserts that chantry priests were put into 
several cures to save their pensions. Many benefices, he says, were let out in fee 
farms, or " given unto servants for keeping of hounds, hawks, & horses, and for 
making of gardens. " f In the conveyance from Robert Staunford to William 

a Burnet's Hist, of the Reformation ii. 101. Pocock's ed. 1865. 

b Life of Henry VIII. p. 218, ed. of 1719. 

c Heylyn i. 123. 

d lb. i. 12G, sub. anno 2 Edvv. VI. 1548. 

e Burnet ii. 68. Cf. a specimen of some errors and defects in Burnet's History, by Anthony Harmer 
(i.e. Henry Wharton) London 1G93, p. 66. 

f Latimer's Sermons, ed. Parker Soc. i. 122, 123, 203. In a list of the clergy who conformed in the 
year 1576, preserved in the Lambeth Libr. (Carta? Miscell. vol. 12) we find, amongst others in this 
neighbourhood, — " Johannes Spendlowe, Finchley, conjugatus, presbyter, nullius gradus, gravis, Latine 
intclligit at in sacris mediocriter." " Edmundus Thompson habet vicariam de Southmyms ex patronatu 



80 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

Kympton, a in the year 1573, allusion was made to a vicarage house at Hadley, 
then let to Robert Holowey gent., to the advantage, it may be conjectured, of the 
lord of the manor. It would perhaps be hard to say that this vicarage had been 
confiscated by the patron. Notwithstanding, in 1588, alderman Kympton takes 
pains to show that the vicar or curate " being an honest and learned preacher," 
and having no convenient dwelling house, was residing in one which he, the 
alderman, had lately built and assigned to him. b 

Every trace of this later residence has likewise vanished. Possibly, after Ely 
Tournor's deprivation, and amid the troubles of the Civil War, it may have 
ceased to be the abode of the incumbent. Certain at all events it is that, in the 
year 1678, Justinian Pagitt esq. of Hadley and Anthonina his wife conveyed to 
trustees c a house for the minister, on the site of the existing rectory, with which 
was connected a residence for the parish clerk and rooms for six poor parishioners. 
These buildings, originally united, have long since been detached from each other, 
and the tenement, known as Pagitt's alms-cottages, was erected anew some years 
ago on a piece of ground which previously had formed a part of the rectory 
garden. The rectory itself was rebuilt by the parishioners in 1824, d during the 
incumbency of the Rev. J. R. Thackeray, and considerably enlarged when Dr. 
Proctor succeeded to the living. 

In speaking of the manor, it was mentioned that the advowson or donative 
rectory of Hadley became separated from it in 1786, when John Pinney of 
Blackdown conveyed the same, for the sum of £800, to William Baker esq. of 
Bayfordbury. Mr. Baker died 20 Jan. 1824, and by his will, dated 10 Oct. 1823, 
devised it in trust for his grandson, William Robert Baker, e an infant. He had 
subsequently entered into a contract for its sale to Mr. Thackeray, at that time 
rector but, dying before the sale had been completed, it was ordered by a decree 
of the Court of Chancery, 27 July 1827, that the proper parties should carry out 
the negotiations already commenced, which was accordingly done by indenture 
bearing date 1 Nov. 1827. 

In pursuance of a contract entered into by the said Mr. Thackeray, previous 
to his unexpected death on the preceding 19 August, the advowson was conveyed 
29 Sep/ 1846 by the Rev. Richard William Thackeray, rector of Hunsdon, his 

Roberti Standeford (Staunford) armigeri. Residet in Civ. London ccelebs, minister nnllins gradus, gravis, 
Latino, parum intelligit, in sacris similiter." 

a S U pra, p. 52. h Supra, p. 56. c This trust still continues. 

d Note in the handwriting of the late Rev. J. R. Thackeray. 

e The present Mr. Baker of Bayfordbury. i Inrolled in Chancery, 3 Oct. 1846. 



The Parish of Monk en Hadley. 81 

only son a and heir, to the Rev. George Proctor, D.D. of Brighton, for the sum 
of £2100. It was again sold, 26 Nov. 1857, by Dr. Proctor to Frederick Cass 
esq. of Little Grove, East Barnet, from whom it descended, at his death, 17 May 
1861, to his eldest son, the Rev. Frederick Charles Cass, the present patron and 
rector. 

The incumbents of Monken Hadley have been styled at various periods, and 
almost indifferently, Chaplains, Vicars, Curates or Rectors. Very little has to be 
said in relation to those who served the cure previous to the nomination of 
Barnard Carrier in 1580. Their very names are with few exceptions unknown. 
Such as are preserved have only been met with accidentally in wills or other 
documents, wherein casual references have been made to them. One ^(^j^tM-lT 
is mentioned as chaplain in 1244. b S>^& S^l^i^ was priest of Monkes- 
churche c on 20 Nov. 1374, and a little later, in 1384/ Sir John, probably 
the same person, is spoken of as the priest of Hadley. On 10 Jan. 1494 e 
Ift^iSd^lft^T i^fi-itiL was chaplain, and a few years afterwards, on 30 Nov.' 
1500, we still find £H& U<& : &<&&& f^frlLiL, but then called vicar. This 
was he, who subsequently became vicar of South Mimms, and to whom the 
unnamed tomb in the chancel there was at one time assigned. The dates shew 
that the building of the present church at Hadley must have taken place, or at 
least must have been commenced, during his incumbency. j£?ft3& 3®1$& 
(ft (©3LlL212E(!lILiL, curate of Hadley, was one of the witnesses of the will of Alice 
Goodyer 20 April 1519. In his will, dated 18 Nov. 1523, Henry Erowyke of the 
Wilde, or Weld, mentions g>H& ®M$1LU&M as curate of Hadley. '-' On 20 
Aug. 1547 5>fil& JtfWiH <S®MIL(5ga?, curate of Hadley, witnessed the will" 
of Anne Withers of Hadley, widow, and on the 1 July 1566, the will of William 
Withers, of the same, was not only '' witnessed but written by f^2E(?|3E) 
E1E318IISJ2?, at that time curate. 

a The Kev. J. R. Thackeray's will, dated 12 March 1831, not being attested so as to pass real estate, 
administration with the will annexed was granted in the P.C.C. 17 Sep. 184G, to his son. 

b Harl. MS. 3G97. Cf. supra, p. 42. 

c Will of Thomas Frowyke. Hist, of South Mimms, p. 77. 

rt Will of Henry Frowyke. lb. p. 82. 

c Will of Walter Tornor of Hadley. 

f Will of William Tumour of Hadley. Sir Robert Hill witnessed the will of John Wright of Monken 
Hadley, 17 March 1506. 

b Hist, of South Mimms, pp. 43, 94. 

b Proved P.C.C. 19 Dec. 1547. (Book Alen 51.) 

1 Proved P.C.C. 13 July 156G. (Book Crymes 21.) 

L 



82 The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 

After alderman Kympton's acquisition of the patronage the succession of 
incumhents becomes more definite. This hasty-tempered citizen followed the 
example of other holders of ecclesiastical property at that day and, in providing 
for the interests of the church, took care at the same time to secure his own. 
Tiie pelican vulning herself for the support of her young has been adopted as a 
symbol of the Church from the earliest ages of Christianity, but the terms of 
Barnard Carrier's nomination to the cure of Hadley read like a satire upon a 
device which must have been continually before the patron's eyes in his own 
recently obtained armorial ensigns. 

3S&iftJjl&mJ3 <tt&i&i&£<&It, clerk, was appointed 5 Aug. 1580. On this 
day, according to Newcourt, William Kympton " gave this Church, by the 
name of a Free Chappel, & pleno jure of his Donation, to Bernard 
Carrier, clerk, during the life of him the said William, if he the said 
Bernard should live so long, upon these Conditions, viz. that he should 
bear Fealty to him the said William ; that he should demean himself well 
in his Life and Conversation ; that he should perform Divine Offices & 
administer the Sacraments as he ought ; that he should keep the Chancel 
in Repair and pay xxvj s viij d to the said William & his Heirs according to 
Custom, out of which the said William was to pay back vj s viij d for his 
Tyths according to like Custom." His licence was dated on the 25 of the 
same month. Andco die ema* Linia ex parte Barnardi Carrier clici ad 
inserviend cure de Hadleigh et ubicuq. infra Decanat. Middlesex donee et 
quousq. se laudabiliter et honeste gesserit, prestito per eu prius juramento 
supremitatis Regie mat 5 , &c. a 

In spite of the terms imposed upon him, it is presumable that he found the 
preferment to his liking. Outliving his first patron, he continued to enjoy it for 
the long space of nearly thirty-nine years, and did not die until the month of 
March 1618-9. His will b is extant, and gives us an insight into the circum- 
stances of a village clergyman of that day. 

In the name of God amen. I Barnard Carrier of Hadley in the Countie of 
Midd. Clerke beyng sicke in bodie but of good and perfect memorye 
(thankes be to god), Do ordayne and make this my last will and 

:l Vic. Gen. Hamond. f. 221. 

b Proved P.C.C. 19 March 1618-9 by Richard Carrier, the son. (Book Parker 25.) 



The Parish of MonJcen Hadley. 83 

testament the second of Marche Anno Domini one thousand sixe hundred 
and eighteene, in manner and forme Mowing, ffirst I bequeth my soule 
into the handes of Almightie god my Creator and maker, trusting 
thoroughe a true and livelie faithe in the meritts of Christe Jesus that I 
shalbe presented free and faultles before hym in the daye of grace : And 
I will that my bodie be buried after a decent and comelie manner in my 
Chauncell of Hadley : ffirst I give unto the poore of Hadley parishe three 
pounds sixe shillinges eight pence towardes the encrease of theire stocke 
to be payed unto them within one yere next after my decease. Item I 
give unto Agnes Reve the wife of Robert Reve, sometymes my Mothers 
servaunte, fortie shillinges, I give unto my sonne Richard Carryer three 
bookes of Perkins works so that he give unto his brother Bernard one 
parte which he the sayed Richard hath besides. I allso give unto my 
sonne Richard Carryer my Nagg, a greate bible in the parlor, and the 
Deske whereon yt lyes. Item I give unto his twoe children Abraham and 
Robert fortie shillings apeece. Item I give unto Bernard Carrier twentie 
poundes for a Legacy Allso I give unto hym a bond for his owne use, in 
the which bond my sonne Richard standeth bownde to pay to his Brother 
Bernard one hundred poundes the nyne and twentith daye of September 
next, Provided allwayes that yf my sonne Bernard dye unmarryed he 
shall take order in his lifetyme by his last will and testament or some 
other sufficient meanes to convey over unto his three sisters Elizabeth 
Mary and Christian and to eache of them out of his good estate & within 
sixe monethes after his decease twentie poundes a peece, the Rest I leave 
to his owne discrecon. I give allso to my sonne Bernard my feildbed in 
the greate chamber, the downebed lying uppon it with all the furniture 
thereunto belonging, the Court Cupboard standing in the parlor, & a 
litle Table with a Cupboard in yt in the same parlor, three platters, three 
Dishes, three porringers, three Sawcers, twoe brasen Candlesticks, twoe 
paire of sheetes, twoe tablecloth.es. Item I give unto my sonne in Lawe 
ffrauncis Andrewes tenne poundes. Item I give unto my sonne in lawe 
Godfrey Cade tenne poundes : I will allso that Tenne poundes be lent 
unto hym for a yere uppon his owne bond by my executor and the same 
to be payed to my daught r Xpian at the end of the yeare. I give unto 
hym allso one featherbed and one Bolster. Item I give unto my daughter 
Carrier twoe of my best silver spoones. Item I give unto Elizabeth Cade a 

a An Elizabeth Cade was bur. 15 Sep. 1626. Hadley Par. Reg. His daughter Elizabeth was Mrs. Cade. 

l2 



84 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

my graundchilde fyve poundes to be payed at Michaelmas next, and to be 
ymploied for and towards her stocke. Item I give unto my daughter 
Christian fiftie pounds to be paid within twoe yeres after my decease or at 
the daye of her marriage, which shall first happen, and three Kyne and 
haye to keepe them for the tyme of theire contynewance in the howse, & 
I give her allso one hogg. Item I give unto my sonne Bernard Peter 
Martirs a common places in Englishe, Item I give unto my sonne Godfrey 
Cade one of the best Commentaries that I have uppon the evangelists at 
his owne choise, And I give unto his wife the Bible wh cl1 Doctor Dickes 
gave unto me, Item I give unto my sonne Bernard my best coverlidd and 
three yardes of broade cloathe. Item I give unto my Cosin 'Richard 
Turner a booke called Byf eild uppon the Collossians b and my cloake faced 
with velvet, And to his wife in token of my Remembraunce, I give a 
peace of gould of twoe and twentie shillinges valewe. Item I give unto 
my daughter Elizabeth a Rynge with a Deathes head which was her 
Mothers. Item I give unto my daughter Andrewes one hoope Ryng of 
gould with a Deatheshead in yt which was S r Roger Wilbrams : All the 
Rest of my goodes and ymplements of house and houshould stuffe unbe- 
queathed, my Debts and Legacys beyng dischardged and funerall payed, I 
will to be equallie devided betwene my twoe Sonnes Richard & Bernard at 

a " The Common Places of the most famous and renowned Divine Doctor Peter Martyr, diuided into 

foure prmcipall parts : with a large addition of manie theologicall and necessarie discourses, some never 

extant before. Translated and partlie gathered by Anthonie Marten one of the Sewers of hir Maiesties 

most Honourable chamber. 

Meliora spero. 

In the end of the booke are annexed two tables of all the notable matters therein conteined. 

1 Cor. 8, 11. 

Other foundation can no man laie, than Christ Jesus, which is alreadie laid." 

The date on the title-page is 1574, but the dedication by Anthonie Marten to Queen Elizabeth is 
addressed to her "at your Maiesties Court in Greenewich the eight of Maie 1583." 

b "An Exposition upon the Epistle to the Colossians, wherein not onely the text is methodically 
analysed, and the sence of the words, by the help of Writers, both ancient and modern is explayned : But 
also, By Doctrine and Vse, the intent of the holy Ghost is in euery place more fully unfolded and urged. 
And besides the very marrow of most Common-places is aptly diffused throughout the body of this Exposi- 
tion, as the nature of this kind of Teaching would beare. And further, Many chief Cases of Conscience 
are here resolved, all with convenient Varietie and Brevitie, Being the substance of neare seaven yeeres 
Weeke-dayes Sermons, of N. Byfield late one of the Preachers for the citie of Chester. 

London. Printed by T. S. for Nathaniel Butter, and are to be sould at his Shop at the signe of the 
Pied-Bull in Pauls Churchyard, neare to S. Austins Gate. 1615." 



The Parish of Monken Hadley. 85 

the discretion of my Overseers of my last will and testament. Item I 
make my sonne Richard my full and sole executor of this my last will and 
testament, and my sonne Cade and Mathias Milward parson of Barnett 
the overseers thereof. Thus expecting the Merceys of god to a better life 

1 commend myselfe and all myne to his fatherlie protection. Bernard 
Carrier. Witnesses Mathias Milward a and William Cattell. b 

IB&g Ql<&WiUT$<&3X, B.A. The nomination of Ely Tournor must have 
followed closely upon the decease of his predecessor. Robert Kympton, 
eldest son of the alderman, was now the patron, and the licence bears date 

2 April 1619. Dictis die et anno Ely Turner Clicus in artibus bacchus 
admissus fuit ad pagendum officiu Curati ta in capella de Hadley in com. 
Midd. quam in alijs Capellis sive ecclijs pobus infra totum dioc et Juris m , 
London subscriptis prius p eum articulis Religionis &c. c 

Eor several years parochial affairs at Hadley probably held their accus- 
tomed course. Mr. Tournor carefully made his entries in the new register 
book, officiated regularly and happily amid the tokens of Mr. Emerson's libe- 
rality, and begat sons and daughters. As time wore on, however, the calm 
flow of the life ecclesiastical began to be rudely disturbed. Commissioners 
were sent into every county in the month of January 1641, d " for the 
defacing, demolishing;, and quite taking away of all images, altars, or tables 
turned altarwise, crucifixes, superstitious pictures, monuments, and reliques 
of idolatry out of all churches and chapels." The majority of all ranks, 
both amongst the commons and of the peerage, was notwithstanding 
disinclined as yet to support any radical changes in the constitution or 
doctrine of the church. In 1643 the very characteristic handwriting of 
Mr. Tournor disappears from the register. The Solemn League and 
Covenant was subscribed by the English Parliament on Sep. 22 of that 
year, and in January 1644 the Scottish army, under the command of the 
earl of Leven, crossed the Tweed. Mr. Tournor's last entry is that of a 
burial 16 Dec. 1643. Two days later another hand registers an interment. 
On 17 Sept. 1644, it was appointed that a fifth part of the profits of the 
benefice should be assigned by the sequestrators for the maintenance of 
the wife and children of Mr. Tournor. The value of the donative was then 
returned as Glebe, worth £5 per ann. and Tithes, worth £30, and an order 

a Appointed rector of East and Chipping Barnet, 18 May 1603, and resigned the same in 1639. 

b William Cattle was churchwarden in 1620. Hadley Par. Reg. 

c Vic. Gen. Marten 1616-1623, f. 120 b . a Hist, of the English People iii. 198. 



86 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

was made that the allowance be paid after the rate of £35 a year, all taxes 
and charges first deducted . a 
" Monken Hadley." Item wee present That wee have one Donative pre- 
sentative And That Aston Esq r hath the presentation thereof but noe 
Incumbent or proprieto r And wee consider the Tythes of our said Donative 
(having neyther Lands nor Tenem* 5 ) to be worth about thirty e pounds p 
ann. w ch stand sequestred in the hands of M r Francis c Harrison M r 
Thomas Potter M r Thomas Archer & Robert Pecke, d who by vertue of an 
order of the Committee of plundered Ministers have the disposall of all 
the said Rent towards satisfying such Mynisters as they can hyre for the 
supplye of the Cure except the fift parte thereof allowed to the Two 
daughters of Elye Turner from whome the same was sequestered." 

We might infer from this that two daughters alone survived of his 
family at this time, and that his wife was already deceased. It is certain 
that, notwithstanding the sequestration, he continued to reside at Hadley 
or in the neighbourhood. Perhaps the offices of the church were still 
discharged by him, although the registration was taken out of his hands, 
and marriages contracted before the magistrates. It may have been 
difficult to meet with any godly and learned minister to supply so poor a 
cure. In the South Mimms register we find a record of baptisms having 
been performed in the church of that parish in March 1650 and June 1653 
by Ely Turner Minister of Hadley, but the end came a year later. In the 
Hadley register we have, " June y e 18 day was buried M r Elie Tumour, 
late minister and vicar of Hadley, in y e yeare 1654." 

WLWJLmM 5&lL&£25m 5 M.A. 5 July 1662. " Quinto die mensis Julij 
Anno Dni 1662 Gulielmus Sclater Clicus admissus et licentiatus fuit ad 
prsedicand: et proponiend" verbum dei in ecclesia de Munckin Hadley in 
com. Middxise et Diocesi London subscriptis prius per eum artis Religionis 
&c. prsestitisq : Juramentis Supremitatis et Allegiaii Regise Majestati et 
renuuciato per eum pacto sive fcedere solenni, &c. e The life of William 
Sclater fell upon troubled times and was a somewhat chequered one. His 
grandfather, Anthony Sclater, of ancient Northumbrian descent, as the 

:l Br. Mus, Add. MS. 15,670 pp. 84, 140, Proceedings of Committee for Plundered Ministers, 1645- 
1646. This glebe, wherever it may have been situated, and the tithes are now wholly non-existent. 
lj Parliamentary Surveys Lambeth Libr. vol. xii. 134, A.D. 1650. 
c Bur. at Hadley, 28 May 1663. 

11 Kobert Peck, in 1672, witnessed the will of Mr. Samuel Dillingham. 
• Vic. Gen. Chaworth 1637-1662, f. 222. 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 87 

memorial stone on the north wall of the chancel of Leighton Buzzard 
church still records, became vicar of that parish in the first year of Queen 
Mary and, after an incumbency extending to the first year of Charles I., 
died in his 96th year, leaving three sons, William, John, and Christopher. 
The eldest, William, S. T. B. baptized at Leighton Buzzard 25 Oct. 1575, 
elected to King's College Cambridge in 1593, was afterwards vicar of 
Pitminster in Somersetshire and the author, amongst other works, of 
treatises on the Epistles to the Thessalonians. He died in 1626, leaving a 
son William, born at Pitminster, like his father a fellow of King's, 
prebendary of Exeter from 1641 to 1661, and vicar of Collumpton in 
Devonshire.' 1 John, the second son of Anthony, S. T. B., was fellow of 
St. John's College, Cambridge and rector of Church Lawford Warwick- 
shire. Christopher, the youngest son, likewise S. T. B., and a fellow of 
Corpus Christi College Oxford, succeeded his father in the vicarage of 
Leighton Buzzard and died in his 63rd year. 

William Sclater, the only son of Christopher, received his education at 
C. C. C. Oxford, but, during the civil war, exchanged his classical pursuits 
for martial b and, having espoused the royal cause, served in the first 
instance as cornet of horse, and afterwards as lieutenant. Subsequently to 
the King's execution he was arrested and thrown into prison for his 
steadfast adherence to the exiled royal family and, when brought to trial 
for his life, only escaped through the insufficiency of the evidence. Mr. 
Goodwin, who was sequestered from the joint rectories of East and 
Chipping Barnet in 1643, has left a note in the register of the former 
parish to the effect that, " about the year 1650, c Dr. Sclaater, now minister 
of St. John's (sic) Clerkenwell, was sworne register for East and Chipping 
Barnett." We find d him appointed, 19 March 1654-5, to the mastership 
of the Barnet Grammar School, vacant by the death of Mr. Thomas 
Broughton, upon view of a certificate under the hand of Mr. William 6 

!l Wood's Ath. Ox. iii. 227, 228, 229; MS. Collections in Br. Mus. Vol. xiv. p. 223 and Vol. xv. 
p. 110. Cole; Inscription on the memorial at Leighton Buzzard. 

b It was perhaps significant of old associations that he should have published, in 1671, -'The Royal 
Pay and Paymaster, or the Indigent Officer's Comfort, a Sermon preached before the Military Company 
at St. Paul's Church in Covent Garden." Wood's Ath. Ox. iii. 229. 

c He probably antedated the appointment. From the Shenley Par. Reg. it would appear that George 
Branch was still Register for Chipping Barnet in Dec. 1665, but that William Sclater filled the office in 
Jan. 1665-6. a Grammar School Minute Book. 

e William Du Gard was Head Master of Merchant Tailors' School from 1644 to 1661. 



88 The Parish of Monken Hadley. 

Du Gard, master of the Merchant Tailors' School, London, bearing date the 
previous 23 Feb. and he is described as Mr. William Sclater M.A. of 
Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He held the mastership until 25 March 
1663, and, having taken holy orders after the restoration of Charles II., 
was licensed, as we have seen, 5 July 1662, to the incumbency of Hadley. 
It seems not unlikely that the connection of Mrs. Margaret Hayes, widow 
of Mr. John Hayes, the former patron, with Leighton Buzzard, a may have 
had to do with the appointment. There is no trace of him in the register, 
which, about this period, was very indifferently kept, in the handwriting of 
Tristram Hurst the parish clerk, and the name of William Tompson 
occurs between 1663 and 1666. Both the incumbency and the mastership 
were probably vacated by him at the same time. The act of resignation 
of the latter is preserved in the School Minute Book, with the impression 
of his coat of arms, Arg. a saltire az. in red sealing wax, still distinct. 

On 17 Sep. 1666 b he was licensed to the ministry of S l James' Clerken- 
well, which he held until his death. He was also rector of Clifton in 
Bedfordshire. In his will, dated 26 c Dec. 1690, wherein he describes 
himself as of the parish of S* James Clerkenwell co. Middx d D.D. " being 
sicke & weake in body," he desires " to be decently buryed in the grave 
of my father in the chancell of the parish church of Leighton Budezart in 
the county of Bedford under a rough marble stone," and requests that his 
executor " shall cause to be fixed uppon the wall neare thereunto some 
small but dureable monument with an inscription in remembrance of my 
father my grandfather and myself, in such words as I shall direct in a 
paper to be annexed to or found with this my will or in proper words for 
that purpose." To his wife, Mary Sclater, he leaves £30 per ann : and 
his messuage at Clerkenwell green for life, with remainder, as to the said 
messuage, to his grandson William Sclater, son of his son Erank Sclater, 
deceased, and his heirs and assigns for ever. Mention is likewise made 
of Elizabeth the daughter and of Christopher another son of his said son 
Erank, of his daughter Elizabeth wife of Bichard Snagge, of Lombard 
Street goldsmith, and of her infant children William and Anne. To his 

a Vide supra, p. 65. b Newcourt's Repertorium. Vic. Gen. Exton, f. 45 b . 

c Proved P.C.C. 11 March 1690-1 by Richard Snagge. (Book Vere 59.) 

A There is reason to suppose that he must have been the William Sclater who was created S. T. P. at 
Cambridge by royal command, in 1G69, as of Trinity College, and to whom no other degrees are assigned 
in the list of graduates of that University. 



The Parish of Monhen Hadley. 89 

above mentioned grandson Christopher are bequeathed all his books and 
papers ; " but my desire is that he shall with his owne hands burne and 
consume all such notes and papers as he shall finde written with my owne 
hand, imediately after my decease." To Mr. Mucedorus a Burrupp his 
curate at Clerkenwell are given " my best stuffe gowne and cassock my 
best hatt & my best shoes & stockings." Lastly, his grandchildren William 
and Christopher, still in their minority, are consigned to the keeping of 
Richard Snagge, their uncle, whom he constitutes sole executor, desiring 
that their mother, his son Prank's widow, may have nothing to do with 
their education, or with the bequests made in their favour. 

The monument, which he caused to be set up, still remains on the north wall 
of the chancel of Leighton Buzzard church, and the inscription runs as follows ; 

M.S. 

Hie juxta sub lapide cseruleo deposits sunt exuviae Antonii, Christopheri, et 
Wilhelmi Sclater. Antonius ex antiqua prosapia in Northumbria oriundus